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Popul Health Manag ; 17(2): 106-11, 2014 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24156664


The specific aim of the PEACE pilot study was to determine the feasibility of a fully powered study to test the effectiveness of an in-home geriatrics/palliative care interdisciplinary care management intervention for improving measures of utilization, quality of care, and quality of life in enrollees of Ohio's community-based long-term care Medicaid waiver program, PASSPORT. This was a randomized pilot study (n=40 intervention [IG], n=40 usual care) involving new enrollees into PASSPORT who were >60 years old. This was an in-home interdisciplinary chronic illness care management intervention by PASSPORT care managers collaborating with a hospital-based geriatrics/palliative care specialist team and the consumer's primary care physician. This pilot was not powered to test hypotheses; instead, it was hypothesis generating. Primary outcomes measured symptom control, mood, decision making, spirituality, and quality of life. Little difference was seen in primary outcomes; however, utilization favored the IG. At 12 months, the IG had fewer hospital visits (50% vs. 55%, P=0.65) and fewer nursing facility admissions (22.5% vs. 32.5%, P=0.32). Using hospital-based specialists interfacing with a community agency to provide a team-based approach to care of consumers with chronic illnesses was found to be feasible. Lack of change in symptom control or quality of life outcome measures may be related to the tools used, as these were validated in populations closer to the end of life. Data from this pilot study will be used to calculate the sample size needed for a fully powered trial.

Planificación Anticipada de Atención/organización & administración , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio/organización & administración , Cuidados a Largo Plazo/organización & administración , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Anciano Frágil , Evaluación Geriátrica/métodos , Promoción de la Salud , Servicios de Salud para Ancianos/organización & administración , Humanos , Comunicación Interdisciplinaria , Masculino , Ohio , Cuidados Paliativos/organización & administración , Proyectos Piloto , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Valores de Referencia , Resultado del Tratamiento
J Palliat Med ; 16(3): 289-94, 2013 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23343113


BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests palliative care consult services yield cost improvements; few studies have examined the impact of an inpatient palliative care unit on hospital costs. OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the cost avoidance of a single hospital's acute palliative care unit (APCU), building upon previous studies (1) by limiting pre-APCU costs to two days pre-APCU transfer, thereby minimizing bias from higher-cost first days of admission, and (2) by not limiting the study to cancer patients or patients who died, thereby presenting more comprehensive APCU costs. DESIGN: This retrospective study compares direct costs of care on an APCU with costs pre-APCU transfer from general medical units, intensive care units (ICU), and the emergency department (ED), and compares the direct costs of APCU patients with those of control patients. The data were entered into an SPSS(®) 17.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL) statistical software database. Paired and independent samples t-tests were conducted to test cost differences. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Study patients were admitted or transferred to the APCU from October 2008 through January 2009. Control patients were inpatients during the same time period and met several matching criteria. MEASUREMENTS: The hospital's finance department provided direct costs, case mix index (CMI), and geometric mean length of stay, and the Department of Quality and Resource Management provided patients' demographic and administrative data. RESULTS: Of 209 patients transferred to the APCU, 50% transferred from a medical unit, 32% from an ICU, and 18% from the ED. Annualized, the total cost avoidance realized by transfers to the APCU was $848,556, over half of which came from ICU to APCU transfers. CONCLUSIONS: Cost avoidance is realized when patients transfer to an APCU even when conservative pre-APCU cost measures are used and when patients with varying diagnoses and discharge outcomes are included. This study demonstrates a replicable methodology for estimating the financial impact of an APCU.

Costos de Hospital , Unidades Hospitalarias/economía , Cuidados Paliativos/economía , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Pacientes Internos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Atención Terciaria de Salud/economía
HEC Forum ; 24(2): 99-114, 2012 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22302457


CONTEXT: Established in 1997, Summa Health System's Medical Ethics Committee (EC) serves as an educational, supportive, and consultative resource to patients/families and providers, and serves to analyze, clarify, and ameliorate dilemmas in clinical care. In 2009 the EC conducted its 100th consult. In 2002 a Palliative Care Consult Service (PCCS) was established to provide supportive services for patients/families facing advanced illness; enhance clinical decision-making during crisis; and improve pain/symptom management. How these services affect one another has thus far been unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study describes EC consults: types, reasons, recommendations and utilization, and investigates the impact the PCCS may have on EC consult requests or recommendations. METHODS: Retrospective reviews of 100 EC records explored trends and changes in types of consults, reasons for consults, and EC recommendations and utilization. RESULTS: There were 50 EC consults each in the 6 years pre- and post-PCCS. Differences found include: (1) a decrease in number of reasons for consult requests (133-62); (2) changes in top two reasons for EC consult requests from 'Family opposed to withdrawing life-sustaining treatment (LST)' and 'Patient capacity in question' to 'Futility' and 'Physician opposed to providing LST'; (3) changes in top two recommendations given by the EC from 'Emotional Support for Patient/Family' and 'Initiate DNR Order' to 'Comfort Care' and 'Withdraw Treatment.' Overall, 88% of recommendations were followed. CONCLUSION: PCCS availability and growth throughout the hospital may have influenced EC consult requests. EC consults regarding family opposition to withdrawing LST and EC recommendations for patient/family support declined.

Comités de Ética Clínica , Ética Médica , Derivación y Consulta/ética , Anciano , Comités de Ética Clínica/organización & administración , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cuidados Paliativos/ética , Derivación y Consulta/estadística & datos numéricos , Cuidado Terminal