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1.
Saudi Med J ; 38(11): 1143-1147, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29114704

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence and awareness of taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia regarding oral and maxillofacial (OMF) injuries and their prevention. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, an online questionnaire about the incidence and awareness of OMF injuries and their prevention was developed and distributed to taekwondo athletes in Saudi Arabia via their coaches.  Results: Sixty-eight responses were collected. The mean age of the participants was 29.3±9.1 years and 97% of them were males. Most of the participants (83%) believed that they are vulnerable to OMF injuries during practice. Approximately 23% of the participants reported a previous injury of the OMF area, while approximately 56% reported injuries in other areas. Most dental injuries (94%) were tooth fracture or displacement, while 6% were tooth avulsion. Eight participants (12%) were aware of the possibility of returning an avulsed tooth to its socket. More than 50% of those participants had inadequate knowledge on the appropriate storage media for the avulsed tooth or the maximum time allowed to return it to its socket. Eighty-one percent of the participants knew about the mouthguard, while 56% reported that they are actually using one. The most frequently reported barriers for not using a mouthguard during practice were difficulty in practicing with it, not being convinced of its importance, and lack of information where to get one. Conclusions: Most of the participants are aware of OMF injuries; however, their knowledge and behavior towards preventing and managing them are inadequate.


Asunto(s)
Artes Marciales/lesiones , Traumatismos de los Dientes/epidemiología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 18(6): 501-505, 2017 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28621282

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Organization of the findings associated with various diagnostic aids plays a key role in formulating the treatment plan of the patients undergoing dental and medical treatment. Enhanced consistency in diagnosing and classifying prosthodontic patients is the basic purpose of various classification systems. Hence, we planned this study to classify partially edentulous patients and completely dentate patients at the undergraduate clinics using the prosthodontic diagnostic index (PDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included classification of 13,599 edentulous patients who attended the clinics of undergraduate students of all the levels. Screening of all the patients was done radiographically with a digital orthopantomograph (OPG), and the data were saved in the computer system. The intraoral periapical radiographs (IOPA) taken for all the affected areas were also saved in the system. Based on the OPG and IOPA, the patients were classified into various classes. All the data of the patients were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Total number of patients screened was 17,220, out of which 3,621 were under 18 years of age and were excluded from the study. Most of the patients belonged to the age group of 31 to 45 years: 5,360 (39.4%) patients (3,817 [43.0%] males and 1,543 [32.5%] females) were class I; 2,730 (20.0%) patients (1,729 [19.5%] males and 1,001 [21.1%] females) were class II; 4,576 (33.7%) patients (2,835 [32.0%] males and 1,741 [36.8%] females) were class III; and 933 (6.9%) patients (483 [5.5%] males and 450 [9.5%] females) were class IV. CONCLUSION: There is a need to introduce PDI as a screening tool during the initial examination of the patient and to achieve a proper distribution of the patients among various levels of students, interns, and postgraduates. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Introduction of PDI will improve the treatment planning and prognosis of edentulous patients.


Asunto(s)
Arcada Parcialmente Edéntula/clasificación , Arcada Parcialmente Edéntula/diagnóstico por imagen , Arcada Edéntula/clasificación , Arcada Edéntula/diagnóstico por imagen , Adolescente , Adulto , Clínicas Odontológicas , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Tamizaje Masivo , Persona de Mediana Edad , Planificación de Atención al Paciente , Radiografía Panorámica , Facultades de Odontología , Adulto Joven
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