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1.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 22(4): 585-589, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248602

RESUMEN

Most automated sphygmomanometers use oscillometric algorithms. Motion, either patient-based or environmental, will affect the ability of a device to record an accurate blood pressure (BP). Members of the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) Sphygmomanometer Committee have been studying this problem for more than a decade. The AAMI TIR44 was the first publication to address the challenges of motion tolerance. The concepts described in TIR44 have led to the development of a draft of ISO 81060-4, a new standard for testing devices for which the manufacturer wishes to claim motion tolerance. The current ISO 81060-2 addresses both stress testing and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring. Recent publications have reported on testing of devices in response to voluntary and involuntary patient motion. The ISO 81060-4 will address testing in the presence of patient transport by ground, fixed-wing, and rotary (helicopter) ambulances. The protocol will utilize noise profiles recorded under those three conditions. The profiles will be digitally stored on a library with free access. The proposed testing will be performed using patient simulators introducing the noise library files into known BP oscillometric envelopes. The specifications of the data capture and playback devices are specified, as is the evaluation statistical testing. The authors expect that the final draft will be published in 2020.

3.
Artículo en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51862

RESUMEN

[RESUMEN]. La Comisión Lancet de Hipertensión determinó que una medida clave para responder a la carga mundial que representa la hipertensión arterial era mejorar la calidad de las mediciones de la presión arterial, mediante la utilización de dispositivos cuya exactitud haya sido validada. En la actualidad existen 3000 dispositivos comercializados, pero muchos no tienen datos publicados sobre pruebas de exactitud conformes a las normas científicas establecidas. La falta de regulación o su ineficiencia, que permiten la autorización de dispositivos para uso comercial sin una validación oficial, posibilitan este problema. Además, han surgido tecnologías nuevas de medición de la presión arterial (por ejemplo, los sensores sin brazalete) sobre las cuales no existe unanimidad en la comunidad científica con respecto a las normas de exactitud de la medición. En conjunto, estos aspectos contribuyen a la disponibilidad generalizada de tensiómetros de consultorio o domiciliarios que ofrecen una exactitud limitada o incierta, que llevan a diagnósticos, manejo y farmacoterapia inapropiados de la hipertensión a escala mundial. Los problemas más importantes relacionados con la exactitud de los dispositivos de medición de la presión arterial se pueden resolver mediante el requisito regulatorio de una validación independiente obligatoria de los dispositivos, en consonancia con la norma ISO universalmente aceptada. Esta es una recomendación básica y constituye una necesidad internacional acuciante. Otras recomendaciones clave son la elaboración de normas de validación específicas para las tecnologías nuevas de medición de la presión arterial y la publicación en línea de listas de los dispositivos nuevos exactos que están a la disposición de los usuarios y los profesionales de salud. Las recomendaciones están en consonancia con las políticas de la Organización Mundial de la Salud sobre los dispositivos médicos y la atención universal de la salud. El cumplimiento de las recomendaciones aumentará la disponibilidad mundial de dispositivos de medición de la presión arterial que sean exactos y tendrá como efecto un mejor diagnóstico y tratamiento, reduciendo así la carga mundial de la hipertensión.


[ABSTRACT]. The Lancet Commission on Hypertension identified that a key action to address the worldwide burden of high blood pressure (BP) was to improve the quality of BP measurements by using BP devices that have been validated for accuracy. Currently, there are over 3 000 commercially available BP devices, but many do not have published data on accuracy testing according to established scientific standards. This problem is enabled through weak or absent regulations that allow clearance of devices for commercial use without formal validation. In addition, new BP technologies have emerged (e.g. cuffless sensors) for which there is no scientific consensus regarding BP measurement accuracy standards. Altogether, these issues contribute to the widespread availability of clinic and home BP devices with limited or uncertain accuracy, leading to inappropriate hypertension diagnosis, management and drug treatment on a global scale. The most significant problems relating to the accuracy of BP devices can be resolved by the regulatory requirement for mandatory independent validation of BP devices according to the universally-accepted International Organization for Standardization Standard. This is a primary recommendation for which there is an urgent international need. Other key recommendations are development of validation standards specifically for new BP technologies and online lists of accurate devices that are accessible to consumers and health professionals. Recommendations are aligned with WHO policies on medical devices and universal healthcare. Adherence to recommendations would increase the global availability of accurate BP devices and result in better diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, thus decreasing the worldwide burden from high BP.


[RESUMO]. A Comissão Lancet sobre Hipertensão Arterial identificou que uma iniciativa central para enfrentar a carga mundial da hipertensão arterial seria a melhoria na qualidade da mensuração da pressão arterial pelo uso aparelhos de pressão arterial validados quanto à acurácia. Atualmente, existem mais de 3 000 aparelhos de pressão arterial disponíveis comercialmente; entretanto, muitos não têm dados publicados sobre testes de acurácia realizados de acordo com padrões científicos estabelecidos. Este problema resulta de regulamentação fraca ou inexistente, o que permite a aprovação para uso comercial de dispositivos sem validação formal. Além disso, surgiram novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial (por exemplo, sensores sem algemas) sem consenso científico quanto aos padrões de acurácia. No conjunto, essas questões contribuem para a oferta generalizada de dispositivos de pressão arterial clínica e domiciliar com acurácia limitada ou incerta, levando a diagnóstico, gerenciamento e tratamento inadequados da hipertensão em escala global. Os problemas mais significativos relacionados com a acurácia dos dispositivos de pressão arterial podem ser resolvidos por regulamentação que imponha a obrigatoriedade de validação independente dos aparelhos de pressão arterial, de acordo com a norma universalmente aceita pela Organização Internacional de Normalização. Esta é uma recomendação fundamental para a qual existe uma necessidade internacional urgente. Outras recomendações essenciais incluem o desenvolvimento de padrões de validação especificamente para novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial e listas on-line de aparelhos com acurácia adequada que sejam acessíveis aos consumidores e profissionais de saúde. As recomendações estão alinhadas com as políticas da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) sobre dispositivos médicos e atenção universal à saúde. A adesão às recomendações aumentaria a oferta global de dispositivos de pressão arterial com acurácia adequada e resultaria em melhor diagnóstico e tratamento da hipertensão arterial, diminuindo assim a carga mundial dessa doença.


Asunto(s)
Salud Global , Tecnología Biomédica , Estándares de Referencia , Equipo para Diagnóstico , Salud Global , Tecnología Biomédica , Estándares de Referencia , Equipo para Diagnóstico , Salud Global , Tecnología Biomédica , Estándares de Referencia , Equipo para Diagnóstico
4.
Blood Press Monit ; 25(1): 58-59, 2020 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714347
5.
Blood Press Monit ; 25(2): 105-109, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688003

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the systolic (S) and diastolic (D) blood pressure (BP) estimations from a new optical device at the wrist with invasive measurements performed on patients scheduled for radial arterial catheterization in the ICU. Optical signals were automatically processed by a library of algorithms from Aktiia SA (OBPM - optical blood pressure monitoring algorithms). METHODS: A total of 31 participants from both sexes, aged 32-87 years, were enrolled in the study (NCT03837769). The measurement protocol consisted of the simultaneous recording of reflective photoplethysmographic signals (PPG) from the cuffless optical device and the reference BP values recorded by a contralateral radial arterial catheter. From the 31 participants, 23 subjects whose reference data quality requirements were adequate were retained for further analysis. The PPG signals from these patients were then automatically processed by the Aktiia OBPM library of algorithms, which generated uncalibrated estimates of SBP and DBP. After the automatic assessment of optical signal quality, 326 pairs of uncalibrated SBP and DBP determinations from 16 patients were available for analysis. These values were finally transformed into calibrated estimations (in mmHg) using arterial catheter SBP and DBP values, respectively. RESULTS: For SBP, a mean difference (±SD) of 0.0 ± 7.1 mmHg between the arterial catheter and the optical device values was found, with 95% limits of agreement in the Bland-Altman method of -11.9 to + 12.2 mmHg (correlation of r = 0.87, P < 0.001). For DBP, a mean difference (±SD) of 0.0 ± 2.9 mmHg between arterial catheter and the optical device values was found, with 95% limits of agreement in the Bland-Altman method of -4.8 to + 5.5 mmHg (correlation of r = 0.98, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: SBP and DBP values obtained by radial artery catheterization and those obtained from optical measurements at the wrist were compared. The new optical technique appears to be capable of replacing more traditional methods of BP estimation.

6.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 44: e21, 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1101778

RESUMEN

resumen está disponible en el texto completo


ABSTRACT The Lancet Commission on Hypertension identified that a key action to address the worldwide burden of high blood pressure (BP) was to improve the quality of BP measurements by using BP devices that have been validated for accuracy. Currently, there are over 3 000 commercially available BP devices, but many do not have published data on accuracy testing according to established scientific standards. This problem is enabled through weak or absent regulations that allow clearance of devices for commercial use without formal validation. In addition, new BP technologies have emerged (e.g. cuffless sensors) for which there is no scientific consensus regarding BP measurement accuracy standards. Altogether, these issues contribute to the widespread availability of clinic and home BP devices with limited or uncertain accuracy, leading to inappropriate hypertension diagnosis, management and drug treatment on a global scale. The most significant problems relating to the accuracy of BP devices can be resolved by the regulatory requirement for mandatory independent validation of BP devices according to the universally-accepted International Organization for Standardization Standard. This is a primary recommendation for which there is an urgent international need. Other key recommendations are development of validation standards specifically for new BP technologies and online lists of accurate devices that are accessible to consumers and health professionals. Recommendations are aligned with WHO policies on medical devices and universal healthcare. Adherence to recommendations would increase the global availability of accurate BP devices and result in better diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, thus decreasing the worldwide burden from high BP.


RESUMO A Comissão Lancet sobre Hipertensão Arterial identificou que uma iniciativa central para enfrentar a carga mundial da hipertensão arterial seria a melhoria na qualidade da mensuração da pressão arterial pelo uso aparelhos de pressão arterial validados quanto à acurácia. Atualmente, existem mais de 3 000 aparelhos de pressão arterial disponíveis comercialmente; entretanto, muitos não têm dados publicados sobre testes de acurácia realizados de acordo com padrões científicos estabelecidos. Este problema resulta de regulamentação fraca ou inexistente, o que permite a aprovação para uso comercial de dispositivos sem validação formal. Além disso, surgiram novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial (por exemplo, sensores sem algemas) sem consenso científico quanto aos padrões de acurácia. No conjunto, essas questões contribuem para a oferta generalizada de dispositivos de pressão arterial clínica e domiciliar com acurácia limitada ou incerta, levando a diagnóstico, gerenciamento e tratamento inadequados da hipertensão em escala global. Os problemas mais significativos relacionados com a acurácia dos dispositivos de pressão arterial podem ser resolvidos por regulamentação que imponha a obrigatoriedade de validação independente dos aparelhos de pressão arterial, de acordo com a norma universalmente aceita pela Organização Internacional de Normalização. Esta é uma recomendação fundamental para a qual existe uma necessidade internacional urgente. Outras recomendações essenciais incluem o desenvolvimento de padrões de validação especificamente para novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial e listas on-line de aparelhos com acurácia adequada que sejam acessíveis aos consumidores e profissionais de saúde. As recomendações estão alinhadas com as políticas da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) sobre dispositivos médicos e atenção universal à saúde. A adesão às recomendações aumentaria a oferta global de dispositivos de pressão arterial com acurácia adequada e resultaria em melhor diagnóstico e tratamento da hipertensão arterial, diminuindo assim a carga mundial dessa doença.

7.
J Hypertens ; 38(1): 21-29, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790375

RESUMEN

: The Lancet Commission on Hypertension identified that a key action to address the worldwide burden of high blood pressure (BP) was to improve the quality of BP measurements by using BP devices that have been validated for accuracy. Currently, there are over 3000 commercially available BP devices, but many do not have published data on accuracy testing according to established scientific standards. This problem is enabled through weak or absent regulations that allow clearance of devices for commercial use without formal validation. In addition, new BP technologies have emerged (e.g. cuffless sensors) for which there is no scientific consensus regarding BP measurement accuracy standards. Altogether, these issues contribute to the widespread availability of clinic and home BP devices with limited or uncertain accuracy, leading to inappropriate hypertension diagnosis, management and drug treatment on a global scale. The most significant problems relating to the accuracy of BP devices can be resolved by the regulatory requirement for mandatory independent validation of BP devices according to the universally-accepted International Organisation for Standardization Standard. This is a primary recommendation for which there is an urgent international need. Other key recommendations are development of validation standards specifically for new BP technologies and online lists of accurate devices that are accessible to consumers and health professionals. Recommendations are aligned with WHO policies on medical devices and universal healthcare. Adherence to recommendations would increase the global availability of accurate BP devices and result in better diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, thus decreasing the worldwide burden from high BP.

10.
Blood Press Monit ; 24(2): 89-92, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724792

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Current blood pressure (BP) measurement guidelines recommend certain patient requirements, especially keeping still for 5 min. Some patients cannot comply. My colleagues and I have reported accurate performance of the Welch Allyn SureBP algorithm for BP estimates during voluntary patient motion. No validation studies for involuntary patient movement (tremor) BP readings have been reported. This paper reports the validation of the Welch Allyn Home BP monitor, the 1700 Series, which contains that same SureBP algorithm, and the results of tremor testing as well. This device has multiple clinical advantages. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients (49 females) were studied using the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2, 2013 requirements. Three sizes of cuffs were included. The tremor experiments used a simulator programmed to frequency and amplitude of oscillometric impulses typically seen in patients with diseases causing tremors. This is the first protocol developed for this clinical scenario. The device uses an inflation-based algorithm, reducing discomfort and cycle times. RESULTS: The mean±SD for the device minus manual readings per ISO Criterion 1 were -2.93±6.64 mmHg for systolic BP and -2.453±5.48 mmHg for diastolic BP. The tremor testing was performed at low, normal, and high BP simulations. The device recorded a BP value for every cycle tested. The errors (device minus manual BP estimates) were quite low. CONCLUSION: The Welch Allyn Home BP monitor is accurate in the presence of involuntary patient motion (tremor). Clinicians can have a high level of confidence in the use of a self-measurement device, which operates using the same algorithm as contained in the 'professional grade' family of devices.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/métodos , Temblor/fisiopatología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
11.
Blood Press Monit ; 24(1): 42-44, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586341

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Current blood pressure (BP) measurement guidelines specify patient requirements, including being still. Some populations of patients cannot comply. A new International Organization for Standards is being developed to test devices that claim tolerance to transport-induced motion artifacts. This study proposes the first protocol to assess BP device accuracy in the presence of patient-induced motion. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Forty healthy volunteers (23 males) participated. The device tested was the Welch Allyn Connex Spot Monitor (CSM) using the SureBP algorithm. A reusable cuff was placed on the left arm. During inflation/deflation cycles the participant performed pronation/supination movements of the left forearm every 5 s. The CSM readings during motion were compared to the average of manual resting auscultatory estimations immediately before and after each motion cycle (bracketing). RESULTS: The CSM recorded a BP reading on the first cycle in 37 participants. It displayed a reading in all 40 participants with one repeat cycle in the other three. The mean±SD for the device minus the manual BP values was 0.9±7.3 mmHg for systolic BP and -3.4±7.9 mmHg for diastolic BP. CONCLUSION: This study represents a proposal for an automated BP device assessment in the presence of patient-induced motion. The CSM device, which uses an inflation-based algorithm, routinely produced BP values that closely matched auscultatory values bracketed immediately before and after the motion-associated cycle. The CSM should be of significant clinical value in populations in whom resting 'still' readings are not usually feasible, such as pediatric and geriatric patients, and patients in pain from injury or illness.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/métodos , Presión Sanguínea , Movimiento , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
12.
Blood Press Monit ; 23(6): 315-317, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30312180

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The Welch Allyn Pro BP 2000, an automated sphygmomanometer, was subjected to ANSI/AAMI/ISO testing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The protocol used was the same-arm sequential procedure described in the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 2013 Standard. Eight-eight (53 adults and 35 children aged 3-12 years old) patients completed testing successfully. Arm circumferences ranged from 15 to 49.5 cm. Seven different cuff sizes were used, including two long cuffs. RESULTS: All requirements for age, sex, blood pressure (BP), and cuff sizes were fulfilled. The mean±SD was -2.8±6.37 mmHg for systolic BP for criterion 1 and -3.6±6.14 mmHg for diastolic BP. The SD for criterion 2 were 5.29 for systolic BP and 5.75 for diastolic BP. All data passed the Standard's requirements. CONCLUSION: The Pro BP 2000 uses an accurate inflationary algorithm. The time for each inflation/deflation cycle is short, thus improving patient comfort. There is also arrhythmia detection to caution the use of BP values obtained during irregular heart rhythms. The algorithm for the professional-grade Pro BP 2000 is also contained in the Home BP 1700, targeted for home use. This encourages out-of-office self-measurement. The healthcare professional can be confident that the values obtained at different sites are comparable.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Brazo , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/métodos , Monitores de Presión Sanguínea , Presión Sanguínea , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
13.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 20(7): 1096-1099, 2018 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30003697

RESUMEN

Blood pressure (BP) is a vital sign and the essential measurement for the diagnosis of hypertension. Therefore, its accurate measurement is a key element for the evaluation of many medical conditions and for the reliable diagnosis and efficient treatment of hypertension. In the last 3 decades prestigious organizations, such as the US Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI), the British Hypertension Society, the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) Working Group on BP Monitoring, and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), have developed protocols for clinical validation of BP measuring devices. All these initiatives aim to standardize validation procedures and establish minimum accuracy standards for BP monitors. Unfortunately, only a few of the BP measuring devices available on the market have been subjected to independent validation using one of these protocols. Recently, the AAMI, ESH, and ISO experts agreed to develop a single universally acceptable standard (AAMI/ESH/ISO), which will replace all previous protocols. This major international initiative has been undertaken to best serve the needs of patients with hypertension, a public interested in cardiovascular health, practicing physicians, scientific researchers, regulatory bodies, and manufacturers. There is an urgent need to influence regulatory authorities throughout the world to make it mandatory for all BP measuring devices to have undergone independent validation before approval for marketing. Efforts need to be intensified to improve the accuracy of BP measuring devices, further optimize the validation procedure, and ensure that objective and unbiased validation data become available.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Monitores de Presión Sanguínea/normas , Presión Sanguínea/fisiología , Hipertensión/fisiopatología , Investigación sobre la Eficacia Comparativa/normas , Humanos , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Mercadotecnía/legislación & jurisprudencia , Organizaciones , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación , Sociedades Médicas/organización & administración
14.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 20(7): 1138-1141, 2018 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30003706

RESUMEN

Hypertension is now recognized as a major global cause of morbidity and death. All decisions relating to the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of hypertension are dependent on being able to measure blood pressure accurately. Scientists have developed protocols to assess the accuracy of blood pressure-measuring devices, but little attention has been given to informing users which devices are accurate and inaccurate. This article identifies a recipient audience of researchers, clinicians, and scientists, the public, healthcare executives and administrators, and consumer and regulatory bodies, and discusses how best to communicate the results of device accuracy to these groups with the aim of improving the accurate measurement of blood pressure.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Monitores de Presión Sanguínea/economía , Presión Sanguínea/fisiología , Diseño de Equipo/economía , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/métodos , Monitores de Presión Sanguínea/normas , Diseño de Equipo/normas , Humanos , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Hipertensión/fisiopatología , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación , Control Social Formal/métodos
15.
J Hum Hypertens ; 32(6): 455-459, 2018 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29622791

RESUMEN

The aim of this report is to describe a new device that can validate, by automated auscultation, individual blood pressure (BP) readings taken by automated sphygmomanometers.The Accutension Stetho utilizes a smartphone application in conjunction with a specially designed stethoscope that interfaces directly into the smartphone via the earphone jack. The Korotkoff sounds are recorded by the application and are analyzed by the operator on the screen of the smartphone simultaneously with the images from the sphygmomanometer screen during BP estimation. Current auscultatory validation standards require at least 85 subjects and strict statistical criteria for passage. A device that passes can make no guarantee of accuracy on individual patients. The Accutension Stetho is an inexpensive smartphone/stethoscope kit combination that estimates precise BP values by auscultation to confirm the accuracy of an automated sphygmomanometer's readings on individual patients. This should be of great value for both professional and, in certain circumstances, self-measurement BP. Patients will avoid both unnecessary treatment and errors of underestimation of BP, in which the patient requires therapy. The Stetho's software has been validated in an independent ANSI/AAMI/ISO standard study. The Stetho has been shown to perform without difficulty in multiple deflation-based devices by many manufacturers.


Asunto(s)
Auscultación/instrumentación , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Monitores de Presión Sanguínea , Humanos , Aplicaciones Móviles
16.
Hypertension ; 71(3): 368-374, 2018 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29386350

RESUMEN

In the past 30 years, several organizations, such as the US Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI), the British Hypertension Society, the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) Working Group on Blood Pressure (BP) Monitoring, and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), have developed protocols for clinical validation of BP measuring devices. However, it is recognized that science, as well as patients, consumers, and manufacturers, would be best served if all BP measuring devices were assessed for accuracy according to an agreed single validation protocol that had global acceptance. Therefore, an international initiative was taken by the AAMI, ESH, and ISO experts who agreed to develop a universal standard for device validation. This statement presents the key aspects of a validation procedure, which were agreed by the AAMI, ESH, and ISO representatives as the basis for a single universal validation protocol. As soon as the AAMI/ESH/ISO standard is fully developed, this will be regarded as the single universal standard and will replace all other previous standards/protocols.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/normas , Monitores de Presión Sanguínea/normas , Consenso , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto/normas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Estándares de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Sociedades Médicas/normas
17.
J Hypertens ; 36(3): 472-478, 2018 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384983

RESUMEN

: In the last 30 years, several organizations, such as the US Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI), the British Hypertension Society, the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) Working Group on Blood Pressure (BP) Monitoring and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) have developed protocols for clinical validation of BP measuring devices. However, it is recognized that science, as well as patients, consumers and manufacturers would be best served if all BP measuring devices were assessed for accuracy according to an agreed single validation protocol that had global acceptance. Therefore, an international initiative was taken by AAMI, ESH and ISO experts who agreed to develop a universal standard for device validation. This statement presents the key aspects of a validation procedure, which were agreed by the AAMI, ESH and ISO representatives as the basis for a single universal validation protocol. As soon as the AAMI/ESH/ISO standard is fully developed, this will be regarded as the single universal standard and will replace all other previous standards/protocols.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Esfigmomanometros/normas , Estudios de Validación como Asunto , Presión Sanguínea , Consenso , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación
18.
Hypertension ; 71(2): 326-335, 2018 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29229741

RESUMEN

The accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy is essential to guide medical decision making that affects both mother and fetus. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the accuracy of ambulatory, home, and clinic BP measurement devices in pregnant women. We searched Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL EBSCO, ClinicalTrials.gov, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and dabl from inception through August 3, 2017 for articles that assessed the validity of an upper arm BP measurement device against a mercury sphygmomanometer in pregnant women. Two independent investigators determined eligibility, extracted data, and adjudicated protocol violations. From 1798 potential articles identified, 41, that assessed 28 devices, met the inclusion criteria. Most articles (n=32) followed a standard or modified American National Standards Institute/Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation/International Organization for Standardization, British Hypertension Society, or European Society of Hypertension validation protocol. Several articles described the results of validation studies performed on >1 device (n=7) or in >1 population of pregnant women (n=12), comprising 64 pairwise validity assessments. The device was validated in 61% (32 of 52) of studies which used a standard or modified protocol. Only 34% (11 of 32) of the studies wherein the device was successfully validated were performed without a protocol violation. Given the implications of inaccurate BP measurement in pregnant women, healthcare providers should be aware of and try to use the BP measurement devices which have been properly validated in this population.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/instrumentación , Presión Sanguínea , Diseño de Equipo/normas , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/métodos , Determinación de la Presión Sanguínea/normas , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Embarazo , Estándares de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estudios de Validación como Asunto
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