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Am J Pharm Educ ; 82(10): 5980, 2018 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643306


Objective. To compare the different philosophies, emphases and processes of national and international accreditation paths available to pharmacy programs in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. To identify engagement of GCC pharmacy programs with International Pharmacy Accreditation or Certification (IPAC) and the outcome advantages of IPAC compared to other national accreditation standards. Findings. National quality standards across the GCC countries are similarly structured but in different stages of development. Pharmacy specific standards are absent. Of the 44 institutions identified offering pharmacy degrees, only three out of 28 of those in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and all but two out of 15 elsewhere in the GCC, have national program-level accreditation. Nine of the institutions have IPAC via either the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education-International Services Program (ACPE-ISP), the Canadian Council for Accreditation of Pharmacy Programs (CCAPP) or the German Accreditation Agency in Health and Social Sciences (AHPGS). None of the institutions have sought accreditation from the Australian Pharmacy Council (APC). IPAC may serve as a tool to provide specific recognition of the quality of pharmacy programs and to enhance the quality of pharmacy education in the region. Summary. In the absence of national bodies to accredit pharmacy initial training degrees, IPAC has become increasingly popular in the GCC countries. There are distinct regional differences in uptake and choice of IPAC. IPAC may serve as a tool to provide specific recognition of the quality of pharmacy programs and to enhance the quality of pharmacy education in the region in the absence of an unmet for pharmacy-specific national accreditation.

Acreditación/organización & administración , Educación en Farmacia/organización & administración , Acreditación/tendencias , Australia , Canadá , Educación en Farmacia/normas , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Arabia Saudita
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 405(1): 73-77, 2002 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12176059


Destruxin A, a cyclohexadepsipeptide related to the enniatins and beauvericin, exhibits ionophoric properties. Calcium ion mobilization across liposomal membrane barriers, for example, has been demonstrated using the calcium ion-sensitive dyes Arsenazo III and Fura-2. Initial molecular mechanics/molecular dynamics calculations indicate the potential for destruxin A to form a coordination complex with calcium in which the divalent cation is bound at the center of a sandwich formed by two molecules of destruxin A. This novel calcium ion binding may help explain the diverse biological effects exhibited by the destruxins.

Depsipéptidos , Ionóforos/farmacología , Péptidos Cíclicos/farmacología , Calcio/metabolismo , Cationes , Quelantes/farmacología , Iones , Liposomas/metabolismo , Modelos Químicos , Modelos Moleculares , Programas Informáticos , Factores de Tiempo