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1.
East Mediterr Health J ; 24(9): 914-921, 2018 Dec 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570124

RESUMEN

Background: The Lebanese American University has a well-functioning inter-professional education (IPE) programme; this is a fundamental pedagogical approach in healthcare education in which students from different professions learn together, ultimately leading to improving the skills of the health care workforce and thus improving patient outcomes. The programme includes nursing, nutrition, medicine, pharmacy and social work students, and has now been running for 6 years. Aims: This paper aims at describing the implementation of an IPE programme in Lebanon by focusing on how to overcome the main challenges. Methods: We describe our experience using the categories of challenges developed by Sunguya et al. (2014), where they analysed published reports of IPE programmes in developed countries. We identified three additional challenges that might be relevant throughout the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region or in countries with similar socioeconomic characteristics. Results: The challenges encountered in designing and implementing the IPE programme were similar to other programmes: curriculum, leadership, resources, stereotypes and attitudes, variety of students, IPE concept, teaching, enthusiasm, professional jargon and accreditation as well as assessment of learning, security and logistics. Conclusions: This paper provides data and successful strategies that can be used by planned or implemented programmes in similar socioeconomic contexts in the MENA region.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Salud/educación , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Curriculum , Humanos , Líbano , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud
2.
Endocr Pract ; 23(4): 391-398, 2017 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28095043

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to establish reference values for insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in Lebanese schoolchildren and to evaluate the relationship between IGF-1 and age, sex, body mass index (BMI), vitamin D, and ferritin. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 952 Lebanese schoolchildren (495 boys and 457 girls) aged 8 to 18 years. Blood samples were taken from children attending 10 schools with different socio-economic status (SES). Chemiluminescent immunoassays were used for IGF-1, 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), testosterone, and ferritin measurements. RESULTS: The mean age was 13.46 ± 2.80 with no significant difference according to sex. IGF-1 was correlated with age in both sexes (P<.0001); it was higher in girls compared to boys (P = .007) and peaked at the ages of 14 and 12 for boys and girls, respectively. For each age group, the median IGF-1 value was higher compared to the values provided by the kit. IGF-1 was significantly correlated with BMI in boys (r = 0.16, P<.0001) but not girls. In both sexes, IGF-1 was inversely correlated with 25(OH)D and ferritin values. After adjustment for age, BMI, and height, the correlation between IGF-1 and 25(OH)D disappeared, whereas the relationship with ferritin persisted (P<.001 for boys, P = .002 for girls). For both sexes, multivariate regression analysis revealed independent associations between IGF-1 and height, Tanner stage, and ferritin. An association was also noted in boys for BMI and testosterone. CONCLUSION: Our results showed higher and earlier peak IGF-1 values in the pediatric Lebanese population compared to western populations. In addition, an independent inverse relationship was observed between IGF-1 and ferritin. Further studies are needed to identify the reason(s) underlying these results. ABBREVIATIONS: BMI = body mass index CRP = C-reactive protein CV = coefficient of variation GH = growth hormone IGF-1 = insulin-like growth factor 1 25(OH)D = 25 hydroxyvitamin D SES = socio-economic status TSH = thyroid-stimulating hormone.


Asunto(s)
Ferritinas/sangre , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina/metabolismo , Estudiantes , Vitamina D/sangre , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Índice de Masa Corporal , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiología , Masculino , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Sexuales , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos
3.
BMC Med Educ ; 16(1): 298, 2016 Nov 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27876043

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With the adoption of the English language in medical education, a gap in clinical communication may develop in countries where the native language is different from the language of medical education. This study investigates the association between medical education in a foreign language and students' confidence in their history-taking skills in their native language. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of a 17-question survey among medical students in clinical clerkships of Lebanese medical schools. The relationship between the language of medical education and confidence in conducting a medical history in Arabic (the native language) was evaluated (n = 457). RESULTS: The majority (88.5%) of students whose native language was Arabic were confident they could conduct a medical history in Arabic. Among participants enrolled in the first clinical year, high confidence in Arabic history-taking was independently associated with Arabic being the native language and with conducting medical history in Arabic either in the pre-clinical years or during extracurricular activities. Among students in their second clinical year, however, these factors were not associated with confidence levels. CONCLUSIONS: Despite having their medical education in a foreign language, the majority of students in Lebanese medical schools are confident in conducting a medical history in their native language.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Anamnesis , Multilingüismo , Estudiantes de Medicina , Prácticas Clínicas , Comprensión , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino , Facultades de Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Mundo Occidental
4.
J Clin Lipidol ; 10(2): 378-85, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27055969

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidelmia in pediatric Middle-Eastern populations is unknown. Our study aims to investigate the distribution and correlates of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) and triglycerides among Lebanese school children. METHODS: A total of 969 subjects aged 8-18 years were included in the study (505 boys and 464 girls). Recruitment was done from 10 schools located in the Great Beirut and Mount-Lebanon areas. Non-fasting total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. Non-HDL-C was calculated. Schools were categorized into 3 socioeconomic statuses (SESs; low, middle, and high). RESULTS: In the overall population, the prevalence of high non-HDL-C (>3.8 mmol/L), very high non-HDL-C (>4.9 mmol/L), and high triglycerides (>1.5 mmol/l) are respectively 9.2%, 1.24%, and 26.6%. There is no significant gender difference for non-HDL-C or triglycerides. Non-HDL-C and triglycerides are inversely correlated with age in girls (P < .0001 for both variables) but not in boys. They are also positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) in boys and girls (P < .0001 for all variables). There is no relationship between schools' socioeconomic process (SES) and non-HDL-C. However, triglycerides are higher in children from lower SES schools. After adjustment for age and body mass index (BMI), testosterone is inversely associated with triglycerides in boys (P < .0001). In a multivariate regression analysis, non-HDL-C is independently associated with age and BMI in girls (P < .0001 for both variables) but only with BMI in boys (P < .0001), whereas triglycerides are independently associated with BMI and schools' SES in both girls and boys. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms, in our population, the association between obesity and both high non-HDL-C and triglycerides, and between high triglycerides and low SES.


Asunto(s)
Colesterol/sangre , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Triglicéridos/sangre , Adolescente , Distribución por Edad , Índice de Masa Corporal , Niño , Dislipidemias/sangre , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiología , Masculino , Distribución por Sexo , Clase Social , Testosterona/sangre
5.
J Interprof Care ; 30(2): 165-74, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27026188

RESUMEN

The Lebanese American University Interprofessional Education (LAU IPE) Steps Framework consists of a five-step workshop-based series that is offered throughout the curriculum of health and social care students at an American university in Lebanon. The aim of the present study was to report students' perceptions of their readiness for interprofessional learning before and after completing the IPE steps, their evaluations of interprofessional learning outcomes, as well as their satisfaction with the learning experience as a whole. A longitudinal survey design was used: questionnaires were completed by students before IPE exposure and after each step. The results showed that before IPE exposure, students' perceptions of their readiness for interprofessional learning were generally favourable, with differences across genders (stronger professional identity in females compared to males) and across professions (higher teamwork and collaboration in pharmacy and nutrition students compared to other professions and lower patient centredness in nursing students compared to others). After participation in the IPE steps, students showed enhanced readiness for interprofessional learning and differences between genders and professions decreased. Participants were satisfied with the learning experience and assessment scores showed that all IPE learning outcomes were met. The LAU IPE Steps Framework may be of value to other interprofessional education course developers.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Personal de Salud/educación , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Competencia Clínica , Conducta Cooperativa , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Atención Dirigida al Paciente/organización & administración , Percepción , Factores Sexuales
6.
Med Teach ; 36(3): 240-4, 2014 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24289251

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that the standardized patient's (SP) gender may affect student performance in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of the SPs' body habitus on students' performance in an OSCE counseling station. METHODS: Four equally trained female SPs, with either a normal or an obese BMI participated in an OSCE counseling station for cardiovascular risk factors. Ninety-two, second year medical students were randomly assigned to one of the SPs. Station scores were compared and student behavior and opinion regarding the influence of their SP's body habitus on their performance was assessed. RESULTS: There was no difference in mean exam scores for students interacting with SPs with a normal BMI versus increased BMI (14.9 ± 2.2 versus 14.01 ± 2.2/20 respectively, p = 0.06). Additionally, almost all students gave advice about healthy diets (93.5% versus 95.7%) with no specificity regarding the BMI of the SP. CONCLUSIONS: The body habitus of the SP did not significantly affect students' performance in an undergraduate OSCE about cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting that students at that level may primarily focus on gaining points the diagnostic checklist without considering SPs as real patients.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Obesidad/diagnóstico , Obesidad/terapia , Examen Físico/psicología , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Comunicación , Dieta , Evaluación Educacional , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Simulación de Paciente , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Pérdida de Peso
7.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 124(1): 13-26, 2010 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20809361

RESUMEN

The risk of breast cancer has been associated with reproductive history. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between fertility drugs used in assisted reproductive procedures and the risk of breast cancer. We performed a literature search using the MEDLINE, the COCHRANE Library, and Scopus to identify studies linking breast cancer to fertility drugs. We excluded case series, case reports, and review articles from our analysis. The study populations included women who were treated for infertility with clomiphene, gonadotropins, gonadotropin-releasing hormones, or other unspecified fertility agents. We extracted information on study design, sample size, type of fertility drugs and number of treatment cycles, breast cancer incidence, and follow-up time from these studies. Eight case-control studies and fifteen cohort studies were included in the quantitative analyses. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scales were used. Two investigators independently extracted study methods, sources of bias, and outcomes. We found that the risk of breast cancer was not significantly associated with fertility drug treatment. The follow-up periods were short in some of the studies analyzed in our study; however, we proceeded to test the trend in risk estimates across different durations of follow-up and found a trend for association using the nonparametric test; this was interpreted with caution in view of the lack of adjustment with other confounding factors. The current published data do not suggest higher risk of breast cancer in women who receive fertility treatment, but the lack of long-term follow up and the inherent weaknesses in some of the published studies have to be cautiously taken into account.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/inducido químicamente , Fármacos para la Fertilidad Femenina/efectos adversos , Técnicas Reproductivas Asistidas/efectos adversos , Adulto , Anciano , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo
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