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1.
J Adv Prosthodont ; 13(4): 237-245, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504675

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the microshear bond strength (µSBS) of dual-cure resin cement in CAD-CAM zirconia after different cleaning techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty discs of zirconia-based ceramic from Ivoclar Vivadent were embedded in acrylic resin. The discs were divided into five groups according to the cleaning methods used: Group 1: drying with spraying + sandblasting with Al2O3; Group 2: washed with water and dried with spraying + sandblasting with Al2O3; Group 3: washed with distilled water and dried with spraying + sandblasting with Al2O3 + zirconium oxide (Ivoclean); Group 4: washed with distilled water and dried with spraying + sandblasting with Al2O3 + potassium hydroxide (Zirclean); and Group 5: washed with distilled water and dried with spraying + sandblasting with Al2O3 + 1% NaClO. All of the groups were contaminated with artificial saliva for 1 minute and then cleaned. Statistical analyses were performed using ANOVA and Tukey's tests. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences among all groups for µSBS (P < .05). The group treated with zirconium oxide (Group 3) showed the highest µSBS (18.75 ± 0.23 MPa). CONCLUSION: When applied to zirconia, the cleaning methods affected the bonding with resin cement differently.

2.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e062, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254601

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Describir la utilidad de la teleodontología desde la llegada de la COVID-19 y cómo la virtualización puede beneficiar a los dentistas y pacientes en la consulta dental. Métodos: Se realizará la búsqueda bibliográfica utilizando las principales fuentes de datos de la literatura internacional en ciencias de la salud (Medline) utilizando las palabras "teleodontología", "COVID-19", "telesalud" y "videoconsulta". La búsqueda se realizará sin restricción de idioma desde la fuente de información hasta el 30 de setiembre del 2020. Se analizarán tópicos, los cuales proporcionan información acerca de los diferentes beneficios de la teleodontología en tiempos de la COVID-19 y cómo se está utilizando en la consulta dental. Resultados: Se realizará el triaje de manera virtual por medio de videoconferencias, de manera que se evitará la propagación del virus. Se registrarán los datos del paciente en una ficha, en la cual se colocarán signos y síntomas del episodio actual del paciente, antecedentes médicos del paciente. En caso la emergencia o urgencia necesite ser tratada presencialmente, se deberá realizar un despistaje de COVID-19. El cuestionario puede realizarse por vía telefónica, y en él se preguntará sobre síntomas, antecedentes de viajes y contacto con algún paciente con COVID-19. Conclusiones: La teleodontología está siendo utilizada para asesorar, filtrar a pacientes con sintomatología y tratamientos de emergencia dentales. (AU)


Objective: To describe the usefulness of teledentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic and how virtualization can benefit dentists and patients. Methods: The bibliographic search will be carried out using the main data sources of international literature on health sciences (MEDLINE) databases up to September 30, 2020 with no language restriction. The information sought will include publications on the benefits in tele-dentistry during the COVID-19 pandemic using the search terms "Teledentistry, COVID-19, Telehealth, and video consultation" Results: Triage will be carried out virtually. Patient data, signs and symptoms of discomfort, medical history, among other variables. will be recorded. Cases of emergency or urgency will be treated in person, while a COVID-19 questionnaire including symptoms, travel history and contact with COVID-19 patients will be given by telephone. Conclusions: Teledentistry is being used for giving advice and to triage patients with symptoms and emergency treatments. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Atención Odontológica , Consulta Remota , Comunicación por Videocoferencia , Teleodontología , COVID-19
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484855

RESUMEN

The aim of this investigation was to describe the craniofacial and oral characteristics of children and/or adolescents with and without Down syndrome (DS). A bibliographic search of the Medline database (via PubMed), Scopus and SCIELO was performed using the keywords "craniofacial characteristics", "dental characteristics" and "Down syndrome". Systematic reviews, observational cross-sectional and longitudinal studies were included. On the contrary, case reports, letters to the editor, editorials and opinion articles were excluded. 251 articles were recovered, and only 30 fulfilled the selection criteria. DS patients were characterized by reduced dimensions of the maxillary bone, mandible, and skull base, compared to normal patients. Likewise, some of these abnormalities influenced more frequent presentation of a class III malocclusion in these patients. On the other hand, this population group showed a higher prevalence of periodontal diseases, less risk of dental caries, and the presence of alterations in the tongue, lips, dental development and palate morphology. The quality of life of these individuals is affected by difficulties in swallowing, talking, eating or breathing through the nose. In conclusion, the craniofacial and oral characteristics of DS patients present various alterations compared to healthy patients, and these alterations have a negative impact on their quality of life.

4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166690

RESUMEN

Treacher Collins Syndrome (TCS) is a genetic disorder with predominantly autosomal dominant inheritance, associated with different mutations in specific genes. This review aimed to evaluate the facial, temporomandibular, zygomatic and bucco-dental phenotype in TCS individuals, and describe surgical and non-surgical solutions for each case in order to improve the quality of life of these individuals. A review of the literature on the craniofacial characteristics of the TCS was carried out, using the PICO strategy, and then a systematic search method was performed in Medline, Scopus, LILACS and SCIELO databases, identifying articles of impact and relevance until 10 June 2020, 240 articles were recovered and only 35 fulfilled the selection criteria. We found the main craniofacial and oral morphological characteristics of these individuals, and the possible functional alterations inducing repercussion in the stomatognathic apparatus. Among other characteristics, the most representative include hypoplasia in the zygomatic and mandibular complex, which can cause difficulty in breathing and feeding. In some cases, cleft palate and malocclusions such as anterior open bite may lead to Angle's Class II malocclusion, sometimes causing problems in the temporomandibular joint. In conclusion, individuals with TCS have specific craniofacial features including maxillary hypoplasia, altered orbital zones, mandibular retrognathia, and temporomandibular disorders. Oral deformities produce to a higher prevalence of caries and calculus formation because of poor hygiene due to the malformations present in these patients.

5.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-5, 2020 Jul 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713385

RESUMEN

The purpose of this research was to determine biosecurity measures at the dental office after the appearance of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A search was conducted in the main databases of the scientific literature using the words "COVID-19, coronavirus, SARS-Cov2, biosecurity, disinfection and dentistry." We analyzed biosecurity and disinfection standards at the dental office and dental health personnel to date, and their adaptation to the needs and way of working of each. As a result, according to the information collected the following procedure was identified: a telephone appointment must be made and a questionnaire should be given before dental care; at arrival to the appointment, the temperature of the patient should be taken and proper cleaning and disinfection of the waiting room should be maintained. Panoramic radiography and CBCT are the auxiliary methods of choice. Absolute isolation and atraumatic restorative therapy techniques are a good alternative to decrease fluid exposure. The removal of protective clothing and accessories must follow a specific order and washing hands before and after is essential. In conclusion, the efficient biosecurity for dentists and patients in all dental care processes before, during, and immediately after the appointment reduces the risk of COVID-19 infection and allows healthy dental care environments.

6.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-6, 2020 Jul 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660663

RESUMEN

The world is currently changing due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and the field of dentistry is no stranger to this. The care of patients in the dental office involves very strict biosafety protocols, and patients must be aware of the protection barriers implemented to allow satisfactory, safe dental care. The purpose of this study was to synthesize and analyze the management of the current biosafety standards for dental patients since the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic. A bibliographic search of the main sources of information including MEDLINE (by means of PubMed), Scopus, Science Direct, SCIELO, and Google Scholar was carried out. Articles published without language restriction, systematic reviews, literature reviews, and observational studies were included. We identified the biosafety measures that must be taken before, during, and after dental practice following the arrival of COVID-19. The main measures include telephone triage, temperature taking on arrival at the office, the organization of the waiting room, washing hands before entering the office, knowing the auxiliary radiographic exams of choice and what type of treatment can be performed, albeit with restrictions. In conclusion, dental patients must comply with all the biosafety measures established by international protection standards and implemented by dentists before, during, and after dental practice to reduce the possibility of COVID-19 infection.

7.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-6, 2020 Jul 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674741

RESUMEN

The purpose of this investigation was to identify, synthesize, and compare all the current information on the efficacy of dental masks, emphasizing their use, types, and filters to prevent the spread and infection of COVID-19 and other infectious diseases. A bibliographic search of the main scientific databases was carried out using the words "masks, COVID-19, and dentistry." Articles without language restriction up to May 31, 2020, were obtained. The types of masks, their half-life, method to use, sterilization, and proposed alternatives for dental masks were analyzed. Most of the articles refer to the use of N95 or FFP2 respirators presented as a strategy to extend the life of the masks and limited reuse. Regarding sterilization, most of the articles presented studies using ultraviolet germicidal irradiation as the sterilization method. Regarding respirator mask half-life, we recommend prolonged use, combined with a disposable surgical mask over the respirator mask. Finally, the use of N95 or FFP2 respirators are recommended as part of personal protective equipment for dental use.

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