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1.
Neurointervention ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570911

RESUMEN

Endovascular thrombectomy is the primary treatment for acute intracranial vessel occlusion and significantly improves recanalization success rate. However, achieving optimal recanalization remains a challenge. The histopathological components of thrombus composition play a crucial role in determining endovascular outcomes. This review aimed to consolidate the recent evidence on the impact of thrombus composition on mechanical properties and endovascular outcomes. The relationship between thrombus composition and mechanical properties was significant, with fibrin and/or platelet-rich thrombi being stiff, tough, elastic, and less deformable; fibrin-rich thrombi were sticky and had higher friction with the vessel wall. Erythrocyte composition was positively associated with successful recanalization, whereas lower platelet composition was associated with specific outcomes, such as the first-pass effect and complete recanalization. The number of thrombectomy device passes was possibly related to erythrocyte, platelet, and fibrin composition, with a smaller number of passes associated with erythrocyte-rich thrombi. Procedural time was consistently related to thrombus composition, with shorter times observed for erythrocyte-rich thrombi. The relationship between thrombus composition and secondary embolism remains inconclusive. Understanding the role of thrombus composition in endovascular outcomes is crucial to optimize stroke treatment. Although evidence suggests a link between thrombus composition and mechanical properties, further research is needed to establish stronger correlations and to reduce study variations. Exploring non-traditional thrombus components such as leukocytes and neutrophil extracellular traps is vital. Thrombus imaging could provide a practical solution for predicting thrombus composition before endovascular procedures. This review highlights the importance of thrombus composition for enhancing endovascular stroke treatment strategies.

2.
J Neurol ; 2024 Feb 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376545

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of endovascular treatment for in-hospital stroke remains debatable. We aimed to compare the outcomes between patients with in-hospital stroke and community-onset stroke who received endovascular treatment. METHODS: This prospective registry-based cohort study included consecutive patients who underwent endovascular treatment from January 2013 to December 2022 and were registered in the Selection Criteria in Endovascular Thrombectomy and Thrombolytic Therapy study and Yonsei Stroke Cohort. Functional outcomes at day 90, radiological outcomes, and safety outcomes were compared between the in-hospital and community-onset groups using logistic regression and propensity score-matched analysis. RESULTS: Of 1,219 patients who underwent endovascular treatment, 117 (9.6%) had in-hospital stroke. Patients with in-hospital onset were more likely to have a pre-stroke disability and active cancer than those with community-onset. The interval from the last known well to puncture was shorter in the in-hospital group than in the community-onset group (155 vs. 355 min, p<0.001). No significant differences in successful recanalization or safety outcomes were observed between the groups; however, the in-hospital group exhibited worse functional outcomes and higher mortality at day 90 than the community-onset group (all p<0.05). After propensity score matching including baseline characteristics, functional outcomes after endovascular treatment did not differ between the groups (OR: 1.19, 95% CI 0.78-1.83, p=0.4). Safety outcomes did not significantly differ between the groups. CONCLUSION: Endovascular treatment is a safe and effective treatment for eligible patients with in-hospital stroke. Our results will help physicians in making decisions when planning treatment and counseling caregivers or patients.

3.
Epidemiol Health ; 46: e2024001, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38186245

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The escalating burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a critical public health issue worldwide. CVD, especially acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke, is the leading contributor to morbidity and mortality in Korea. We aimed to develop algorithms for identifying AMI and stroke events from the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) database and validate these algorithms through medical record review. METHODS: We first established a concept and definition of "hospitalization episode," taking into account the unique features of health claims-based NHIS database. We then developed first and recurrent event identification algorithms, separately for AMI and stroke, to determine whether each hospitalization episode represents a true incident case of AMI or stroke. Finally, we assessed our algorithms' accuracy by calculating their positive predictive values (PPVs) based on medical records of algorithm- identified events. RESULTS: We developed identification algorithms for both AMI and stroke. To validate them, we conducted retrospective review of medical records for 3,140 algorithm-identified events (1,399 AMI and 1,741 stroke events) across 24 hospitals throughout Korea. The overall PPVs for the first and recurrent AMI events were around 92% and 78%, respectively, while those for the first and recurrent stroke events were around 88% and 81%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully developed algorithms for identifying AMI and stroke events. The algorithms demonstrated high accuracy, with PPVs of approximately 90% for first events and 80% for recurrent events. These findings indicate that our algorithms hold promise as an instrumental tool for the consistent and reliable production of national CVD statistics in Korea.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Infarto del Miocardio/epidemiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Hospitalización , Programas Nacionales de Salud , República de Corea/epidemiología
4.
Epidemiol Health ; 46: e2024003, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38186243

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Stroke remains the second leading cause of death in Korea. This study was designed to estimate the crude, age-adjusted and age-specific incidence rates, as well as the case fatality rate of stroke, in Korea from 2011 to 2020. METHODS: We utilized data from the National Health Insurance Services from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2020, to calculate incidence rates and 30-day and 1-year case fatality rates of stroke. Additionally, we determined sex and age-specific incidence rates and computed age-standardized incidence rates by direct standardization to the 2005 population. RESULTS: The crude incidence rate of stroke hovered around 200 (per 100,000 person-years) from 2011 to 2015, then surged to 218.4 in 2019, before marginally declining to 208.0 in 2020. Conversely, the age-standardized incidence rate consistently decreased by 25% between 2011 and 2020. When stratified by sex, the crude incidence rate increased between 2011 and 2019 for both sexes, followed by a decrease in 2020. Age-standardized incidence rates displayed a downward trend throughout the study period for both sexes. Across all age groups, the 30-day and 1-year case fatality rates of stroke consistently decreased from 2011 to 2019, only to increase in 2020. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a decrease in the age-standardized incidence rate, the total number of stroke events in Korea continues to rise due to the rapidly aging population. Moreover, 2020 witnessed a decrease in incidence but an increase in case fatality rates.


Asunto(s)
Accidente Cerebrovascular , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Anciano , Incidencia , Sistema de Registros , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , República de Corea/epidemiología
5.
J Clin Med ; 12(20)2023 Oct 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37892733

RESUMEN

Clinical benefit can be time-dependent even after first-pass recanalization (FPR) in endovascular treatment of acute stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the association between favorable outcome and FPR under a specific time frame. Patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Recanalization status was categorized into four groups based on FPR and dichotomized time from groin puncture to recanalization (P-to-R time). Favorable outcomes were compared between groups. A total of 458 patients were included. As the cutoff of P-to-R time for favorable outcome was 30 min, recanalization status was categorized into FPR (+) with a P-to-R time ≤ 30 min (Group 1), FPR (-) with a P-to-R time ≤ 30 min (Group 2), FPR (+) with a P-to-R time > 30 min (Group 3), and FPR (-) with a P-to-R time > 30 min (Group 4). Favorable outcomes in Group 3 (37.5%) were significantly less frequent than those in Group 1 (60.4%, p = 0.029) and Group 2 (59.5%, p = 0.033) but were not significantly different from those in Group 4 (35.7%, p = 0.903). Compared to Group 1, Group 3 (adjusted odds ratio, 0.30 [95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.76]; p = 0.011) and Group 4 (0.25 [0.14-0.48]; p < 0.001) were adversely associated with favorable outcomes. FPR was associated with functional outcome in a time-dependent manner. Even for patients who have achieved FPR, their functional outcome might not be favorable if the P-to-R time is >30 min.

6.
J Clin Med ; 12(19)2023 Sep 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37834933

RESUMEN

We aimed to evaluate the association between preprocedural D-dimer levels and endovascular and clinical outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed patients with acute intracranial large-vessel occlusion who underwent mechanical thrombectomy. Plasma D-dimer levels were measured immediately before the endovascular procedure. Endovascular outcomes included successful recanalization, first-pass recanalization (first-pass effect (FPE) and modified FPE (mFPE)), thrombus fragmentation, and the number of passes of the thrombectomy device. Clinical outcomes were assessed at 3 months using the modified Rankin Scale. A total of 215 patients were included. Preprocedural D-dimer levels were lower in patients with FPE (606.0 ng/mL [interquartile range, 268.0-1062.0]) than in those without (879.0 ng/mL [437.0-2748.0]; p = 0.002). Preprocedural D-dimer level was the only factor affecting FPE (odds ratio, 0.92 [95% confidence interval, 0.85-0.98] per 500 ng/mL; p = 0.022). D-dimer levels did not differ significantly based on successful recanalization and thrombus fragmentation. The number of passes of the thrombectomy device was higher (p = 0.002 for trend) and the puncture-to-recanalization time was longer (p = 0.044 for trend) as the D-dimer levels increased. Patients with favorable outcome had significantly lower D-dimer levels (495.0 ng/mL [290.0-856.0]) than those without (1189.0 ng/mL [526.0-3208.0]; p < 0.001). Preprocedural D-dimer level was an independent factor for favorable outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 0.88 [0.81-0.97] per 500 ng/mL; p = 0.008). In conclusion, higher preprocedural D-dimer levels were significantly associated with poor endovascular and unfavorable functional outcomes.

7.
JAMA ; 330(9): 832-842, 2023 09 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37668619

RESUMEN

Importance: Optimal blood pressure (BP) control after successful reperfusion with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for patients with acute ischemic stroke is unclear. Objective: To determine whether intensive BP management during the first 24 hours after successful reperfusion leads to better clinical outcomes than conventional BP management in patients who underwent EVT. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, randomized, open-label trial with a blinded end-point evaluation, conducted across 19 stroke centers in South Korea from June 2020 to November 2022 (final follow-up, March 8, 2023). It included 306 patients with large vessel occlusion acute ischemic stroke treated with EVT and with a modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 2b or greater (partial or complete reperfusion). Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to receive intensive BP management (systolic BP target <140 mm Hg; n = 155) or conventional management (systolic BP target 140-180 mm Hg; n = 150) for 24 hours after enrollment. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was functional independence at 3 months (modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2). The primary safety outcomes were symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage within 36 hours and death related to the index stroke within 3 months. Results: The trial was terminated early based on the recommendation of the data and safety monitoring board, which noted safety concerns. Among 306 randomized patients, 305 were confirmed eligible and 302 (99.0%) completed the trial (mean age, 73.0 years; 122 women [40.4%]). The intensive management group had a lower proportion achieving functional independence (39.4%) than the conventional management group (54.4%), with a significant risk difference (-15.1% [95% CI, -26.2% to -3.9%]) and adjusted odds ratio (0.56 [95% CI, 0.33-0.96]; P = .03). Rates of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage were 9.0% in the intensive group and 8.1% in the conventional group (risk difference, 1.0% [95% CI, -5.3% to 7.3%]; adjusted odds ratio, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.48-2.53]; P = .82). Death related to the index stroke within 3 months occurred in 7.7% of the intensive group and 5.4% of the conventional group (risk difference, 2.3% [95% CI, -3.3% to 7.9%]; adjusted odds ratio, 1.73 [95% CI, 0.61-4.92]; P = .31). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients who achieved successful reperfusion with EVT for acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion, intensive BP management for 24 hours led to a lower likelihood of functional independence at 3 months compared with conventional BP management. These results suggest that intensive BP management should be avoided after successful EVT in acute ischemic stroke. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04205305.


Asunto(s)
Antihipertensivos , Presión Sanguínea , Estado Funcional , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Trombectomía , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Presión Sanguínea/efectos de los fármacos , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/tratamiento farmacológico , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/cirugía , Accidente Cerebrovascular/terapia , Trombectomía/efectos adversos , Trombectomía/métodos , Procedimientos Endovasculares , Enfermedad Aguda , Resultado del Tratamiento , Masculino , Antihipertensivos/efectos adversos , Antihipertensivos/uso terapéutico
8.
Stroke ; 54(8): 2105-2113, 2023 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37462056

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop and validate machine learning models to diagnose patients with ischemic stroke with cancer through the analysis of histopathologic images of thrombi obtained during endovascular thrombectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective study using a prospective multicenter registry which enrolled consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke from South Korea who underwent endovascular thrombectomy. This study included patients admitted between July 1, 2017 and December 31, 2021 from 6 academic university hospitals. Whole-slide scanning was performed for immunohistochemically stained thrombi. Machine learning models were developed using transfer learning with image slices as input to classify patients into 2 groups: cancer group or other determined cause group. The models were developed and internally validated using thrombi from patients of the primary center, and external validation was conducted in 5 centers. The model was also applied to patients with hidden cancer who were diagnosed with cancer within 1 month of their index stroke. RESULTS: The study included 70 561 images from 182 patients in both internal and external datasets (119 patients in internal and 63 in external). Machine learning models were developed for each immunohistochemical staining using antibodies against platelets, fibrin, and erythrocytes. The platelet model demonstrated consistently high accuracy in classifying patients with cancer, with area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.986 (95% CI, 0.983-0.989) during training, 0.954 (95% CI, 0.937-0.972) during internal validation, and 0.949 (95% CI, 0.891-1.000) during external validation. When applied to patients with occult cancer, the model accurately predicted the presence of cancer with high probabilities ranging from 88.5% to 99.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning models may be used for prediction of cancer as the underlying cause or detection of occult cancer, using platelet-stained immunohistochemical slide images of thrombi obtained during endovascular thrombectomy.


Asunto(s)
Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Neoplasias , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Trombosis , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios Prospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/complicaciones , Accidente Cerebrovascular/etiología , Trombectomía/métodos , Trombosis/patología , Aprendizaje Automático , Neoplasias/complicaciones
9.
Korean J Radiol ; 24(2): 145-154, 2023 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725355

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of EmboTrap II in terms of first-pass recanalization and to determine whether it could yield favorable outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective study, we consecutively enrolled patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy using EmboTrap II as a front-line device. The primary outcome was the first pass effect (FPE) rate defined by modified Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) grade 2c or 3 by the first pass of EmboTrap II. In addition, modified FPE (mFPE; mTICI grade 2b-3 by the first pass of EmboTrap II), successful recanalization (final mTICI grade 2b-3), and clinical outcomes were assessed. We also analyzed the effect of FPE on a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0-2 at 3 months. RESULTS: Two hundred-ten patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 73.3 ± 11.4 years; male, 55.7%) were included. Ninety-nine patients (47.1%) had FPE, and mFPE was achieved in 150 (71.4%) patients. Successful recanalization was achieved in 191 (91.0%) patients. Among them, 164 (85.9%) patients underwent successful recanalization by exclusively using EmboTrap II. The time from groin puncture to FPE was 25.0 minutes (interquartile range, 17.0-35.0 minutes). Procedure-related complications were observed in seven (3.3%) patients. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage developed in 14 (6.7%) patients. One hundred twenty-three (58.9% of 209 completely followed) patients had an mRS score of 0-2. Sixteen (7.7% of 209) patients died during the follow-up period. Patients who had successful recanalization with FPE were four times more likely to have an mRS score of 0-2 than those who had successful recanalization without FPE (adjusted odds ratio, 4.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.59-10.8; p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Mechanical thrombectomy using the front-line EmboTrap II is effective and safe. In particular, FPE rates were high. Achieving FPE was important for an mRS score of 0-2, even in patients with successful recanalization.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Masculino , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico por imagen , Accidente Cerebrovascular/cirugía , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagen , Isquemia Encefálica/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Trombectomía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Infarto Cerebral , Estudios Retrospectivos , Stents
10.
Neurointervention ; 18(1): 9-22, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36809873

RESUMEN

A clinical decision on the treatment of asymptomatic carotid stenosis is challenging, unlike symptomatic carotid stenosis. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been recommended as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) based on the finding that the efficacy and safety of CAS were comparable to CEA in randomized trials. However, in some countries, CAS is often performed more frequently than CEA for asymptomatic carotid stenosis. Moreover, it has been recently reported that CAS is not superior to the best medical treatment in asymptomatic carotid stenosis. Due to these recent changes, the role of CAS in asymptomatic carotid stenosis should be revisited. When determining the treatment for asymptomatic carotid stenosis, one should consider several clinical factors including stenosis degree, patient life expectancy, stroke risk by medical treatment, availability of a vascular surgeon, high risk for CEA or CAS, and insurance coverage. This review aimed to present and pragmatically organize the information that is necessary for a clinical decision on CAS in asymptomatic carotid stenosis. In conclusion, although the traditional benefit of CAS is being revisited recently, it seems too early to conclude that CAS is no longer beneficial under intense and systemic medical treatment. Instead, a treatment strategy with CAS should evolve to select eligible or medically high-risk patients more precisely.

11.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 15(e1): e2-e8, 2023 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710314

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether an occlusion pathomechanism can be accurately determined by common preprocedural findings through a machine learning-based prediction model (ML-PM). METHODS: A total of 476 patients with acute stroke who underwent endovascular treatment were retrospectively included to derive an ML-PM. For external validation, 152 patients from another tertiary stroke center were additionally included. An ML algorithm was trained to classify an occlusion pathomechanism into embolic or intracranial atherosclerosis. Various common preprocedural findings were entered into the model. Model performance was evaluated based on accuracy and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). For practical utility, a decision flowchart was devised from an ML-PM with a few key preprocedural findings. Accuracy of the decision flowchart was validated internally and externally. RESULTS: An ML-PM could determine an occlusion pathomechanism with an accuracy of 96.9% (AUC=0.95). In the model, CT angiography-determined occlusion type, atrial fibrillation, hyperdense artery sign, and occlusion location were top-ranked contributors. With these four findings only, an ML-PM had an accuracy of 93.8% (AUC=0.92). With a decision flowchart, an occlusion pathomechanism could be determined with an accuracy of 91.2% for the study cohort and 94.7% for the external validation cohort. The decision flowchart was more accurate than single preprocedural findings for determining an occlusion pathomechanism. CONCLUSIONS: An ML-PM could accurately determine an occlusion pathomechanism with common preprocedural findings. A decision flowchart consisting of the four most influential findings was clinically applicable and superior to single common preprocedural findings for determining an occlusion pathomechanism.


Asunto(s)
Embolia , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico por imagen , Accidente Cerebrovascular/cirugía , Arterias , Aprendizaje Automático
12.
J Clin Med ; 11(19)2022 Sep 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36233464

RESUMEN

Background: CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, ATRIA, and Essen stroke risk scores are used to estimate thromboembolism risk. We aimed to investigate the association between unfavorable outcomes and stroke risk scores in patients who received endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). Methods: This study was performed using data from a nationwide, multicenter registry to explore the selection criteria for patients who would benefit from reperfusion therapies. We calculated pre-admission CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, ATRIA, and Essen scores for each patient who received EVT and compared the relationship between these scores and 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS) records. Results: Among the 404 patients who received EVT, 213 (52.7%) patients had unfavorable outcomes (mRS 3−6). All scores were significantly higher in patients with unfavorable outcomes than in those with favorable outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression analysis indicated that CHADS2 and the ATRIA score were positively correlated with unfavorable outcomes after adjusting for body mass index and variables with p < 0.1 in the univariable analysis (CHADS2 score: odds ratio [OR], 1.484; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.290−1.950; p = 0.005, ATRIA score, OR, 1.128; 95% CI, 1.041−1.223; p = 0.004). Conclusions: The CHADS2 and ATRIA scores were positively correlated with unfavorable outcomes and could be used to predict unfavorable outcomes in patients who receive EVT.

14.
Stroke ; 53(12): 3622-3632, 2022 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128905

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A high and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) could affect outcomes after reperfusion therapy for ischemic stroke. This study aimed to determine whether renal function based on eGFR affects mortality risk in patients with ischemic stroke within 6 months following reperfusion therapy. METHODS: This prospective registry-based cohort study included 2266 patients who received reperfusion therapy between January 2000 and September 2019 and were registered in the SECRET (Selection Criteria in Endovascular Thrombectomy and Thrombolytic Therapy) study or the Yonsei Stroke Cohort. A high and low eGFR were based on the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation and defined, respectively, as the 5th and 95th percentiles of age- and sex-specific eGFR. Occurrence of death within 6 months was compared among the groups according to their eGFR such as low, normal, or high eGFR. RESULTS: Of the 2266 patients, 2051 (90.5%) had a normal eGFR, 110 (4.9%) a low eGFR, and 105 (4.6%) a high eGFR. Patients with high eGFR were younger or less likely to have hypertension, diabetes, or atrial fibrillation than the other groups. Active cancer was more prevalent in the high-eGFR group. During the 6-month follow-up, there were 24 deaths (22.9%) in the high-eGFR group, 37 (33.6%) in the low-eGFR group, and 237 (11.6%) in the normal-eGFR group. After adjusting for variables with P<0.10 in the univariable analysis, 6-month mortality was independently associated with high eGFR (hazard ratio, 2.22 [95% CI, 1.36-3.62]; P=0.001) and low eGFR (HR, 2.29 [95% CI, 1.41-3.72]; P=0.001). These associations persisted regardless of treatment modality or various baseline characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: High eGFR as well as low eGFR were independently associated with 6-month mortality after reperfusion therapy. Kidney function could be considered a prognostic factor in patients with ischemic stroke after reperfusion therapy.


Asunto(s)
Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios de Cohortes , Riñón/fisiología , Tasa de Filtración Glomerular , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Reperfusión , Factores de Riesgo
15.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(2): 1051-1062, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35111604

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To evaluate intraparenchymal hyperattenuation (IPH) on flat-panel computed tomography (FPCT) findings and their clinical usefulness for predicting prognosis after successful mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for acute occlusion of anterior circulation. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for 158 consecutive patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy during the last six years. After excluding those with posterior circulation occlusion or incomplete recanalization and those without FPCT, 82 patients were finally included. Immediate post-procedural IPH on FPCT was categorized into four patterns (none, striatal, cortical, or combined pattern). Follow-up magnetic resonance images or CT scans after 48 hours from MT were analyzed according to FPCT findings. The existence of hemorrhagic transformation, intracerebral hemorrhage, and brain swelling was evaluated. Functional clinical outcomes were accessed with post-procedural 3-month modified Rankin scales (mRS). RESULTS: Of 82 patients, 34 patients were found to have IPH (16 with a striatal pattern, 8 with a cortical pattern, and 10 with a combined pattern). Hemorrhagic complication (P<0.001), brain swelling (P<0.001), and poor mRS scores (P=0.042) showed significant differences according to IPH patterns. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the presence of a striatal pattern (OR: 13.26, P<0.001), cortical pattern (OR: 11.61, P=0.009), and combined pattern (OR: 45.34, P<0.001) independently predicted hemorrhagic complications. The location of the occlusion (OR: 4.13, P=0.034), cortical pattern (OR: 5.94, P=0.039), and combined pattern (OR: 39.85, P=0.001) predicted brain swelling. Age (OR: 1.07, P=0.006) and the presence of a combined pattern (OR: 10.58, P=0.046) predicted poor clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: FPCT is a rapid and effective tool for a prompt follow-up just after MT to predict prognosis. Those with striatal patterns showed relatively good clinical outcomes despite significant hemorrhage. Cortical IPH patterns independently predicted a high rate of post-procedural hemorrhage or brain swelling. Combined pattern is a strong predictor for both radiologic and poor clinical outcomes.

16.
J Clin Med ; 11(1)2022 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012015

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, ATRIA, and Essen scores have been developed for predicting vascular outcomes in stroke patients. We investigated the association between these stroke risk scores and unsuccessful recanalization after endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). METHODS: From the nationwide multicenter registry (Selection Criteria in Endovascular Thrombectomy and Thrombolytic therapy (SECRET)) (Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02964052), we consecutively included 501 patients who underwent EVT. We identified pre-admission stroke risk scores in each included patient. RESULTS: Among 501 patients who underwent EVT, 410 (81.8%) patients achieved successful recanalization (mTICI ≥ 2b). Adjusting for body mass index and p < 0.1 in univariable analysis revealed the association between all stroke risk scores and unsuccessful recanalization (CHADS2 score: odds ratio (OR) 1.551, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.198-2.009, p = 0.001; CHA2DS2VASc score: OR 1.269, 95% CI 1.080-1.492, p = 0.004; ATRIA score: OR 1.089, 95% CI 1.011-1.174, p = 0.024; and Essen score: OR 1.469, 95% CI 1.167-1.849, p = 0.001). The CHADS2 score had the highest AUC value and differed significantly only from the Essen score (AUC of CHADS2 score; 0.618, 95% CI 0.554-0.681). CONCLUSION: All stroke risk scores were associated with unsuccessful recanalization after EVT. Our study suggests that these stroke risk scores could be used to predict recanalization in stroke patients undergoing EVT.

17.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 14(12): 1166-1172, 2022 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022298

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is a primary endovascular modality for acute intracranial large vessel occlusion. However, further treatment, such as rescue stenting, is occasionally necessary for refractory cases. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of rescue stenting in first-line MT failure and to identify the clinical factors affecting its clinical outcome. METHODS: A multicenter prospective registry was designed for this study. We enrolled consecutive patients who underwent rescue stenting for first-line MT failure. Endovascular details and outcomes, follow-up patency of the stented artery, and clinical outcomes were summarized and compared between the favorable and unfavorable outcome groups. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients were included. Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis was the most common etiology for rescue stenting (97.4%). Seventy-seven patients (98.7%) were successfully recanalized by rescue stenting. A favorable outcome was observed in 66.7% of patients. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and mortality were observed in 5.1% and 4.0% of patients, respectively. The stented artery was patent in 82.1% of patients on follow-up angiography. In a multivariable analysis, a patent stent on follow-up angiography was an independent factor for a favorable outcome (OR 87.6; 95% CI 4.77 to 1608.9; p=0.003). Postprocedural intravenous maintenance of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor was significantly associated with the follow-up patency of the stented artery (OR 5.72; 95% CI 1.45 to 22.6; p=0.013). CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter prospective registry, rescue stenting for first-line MT failure was effective and safe. For a favorable outcome, follow-up patency of the stented artery was important, which was significantly associated with postprocedural maintenance of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Endovasculares , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico por imagen , Accidente Cerebrovascular/cirugía , Procedimientos Endovasculares/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Trombectomía/efectos adversos , Stents/efectos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Glicoproteínas , Estudios Retrospectivos
18.
Int J Stroke ; : 17474930211041213, 2021 Aug 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427481

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Very early stage blood pressure (BP) levels may affect outcome in stroke patients who have successfully undergone recanalization following intra-arterial treatment, but the optimal target of BP management remains uncertain. AIM: We hypothesized that the clinical outcome after intensive BP-lowering is superior to conventional BP control after successful recanalization by intra-arterial treatment. SAMPLE-SIZE ESTIMATES: We aim to randomize 668 patients (334 per arm), 1:1. METHODS AND DESIGN: We initiated a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-label trial with a blinded end-point assessment (PROBE) design. After successful recanalization (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score ≥ 2 b), patients with elevated systolic BP level, defined as the mean of two readings ≥ 140 mmHg, will be randomly assigned to the intensive BP-lowering (systolic BP < 140 mm Hg) group or the conventional BP-lowering (systolic BP, 140-180 mm Hg) group. STUDY OUTCOMES: The primary efficacy outcomes are from dichotomized analysis of modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores at three months (mRS scores: 0-2 vs. 3-6). The primary safety outcomes are symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage and death within three months. DISCUSSION: The OPTIMAL-BP trial will provide evidence for the effectiveness of active BP control to achieve systolic BP < 140 mmHg during 24 h in patients with successful recanalization after intra-arterial treatment. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04205305.

19.
Front Neurol ; 12: 608270, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34290659

RESUMEN

Background and Purpose: Intracranial atherosclerosis-related large-vessel occlusion caused by in situ thrombo-occlusion (ICAS-LVO) has been regarded an important reason for refractoriness to mechanical thrombectomy (MT). To achieve better outcomes for ICAS-LVO, different endovascular strategies should be explored. We aimed to investigate an optimal endovascular strategy for ICAS-LVO. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed three prospective registries of acute stroke underwent endovascular treatment. Among them, patients with ICAS-LVO were assigned to four groups based on their endovascular strategy: (1) MT alone, (2) rescue intracranial stenting after MT failure (MT-RS), (3) glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor infusion after MT failure (MT-GPI), and (4) a combination of MT-RS and MT-GPI (MT-RS+GPI). Baseline characteristics and outcomes were compared among the groups. To evaluate whether the endovascular strategy resulted in favorable outcome, multivariable analysis was also performed. Results: A total of 184 patients with ICAS-LVO were included. Twenty-four patients (13.0%) were treated with MT alone, 25 (13.6%) with MT-RS, 84 (45.7%) with MT-GPI, and 51 (27.7%) with MT-RS+GPI. The MT-RS+GPI group showed the highest recanalization efficiency (98.0%). Frequency of patent arteries on follow-up (98.0%, p < 0.001) and favorable outcome (84.3%, p < 0.001) were higher in the MT-RS+GPI group than other groups. The MT-RS+GPI strategy remained an independent factor for favorable outcome (odds ratio, 20.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.97-211.4; p = 0.012). Conclusion: Endovascular strategy was significantly associated with procedural and clinical outcomes in acute stroke by ICAS-LVO. A combination of RS and GPI infusion might be an optimal rescue modality when frontline MT fails.

20.
J Stroke ; 23(2): 244-252, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102759

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to develop a model predicting early recanalization after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) treatment in large-vessel occlusion. METHODS: Using data from two different multicenter prospective cohorts, we determined the factors associated with early recanalization immediately after t-PA in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion, and developed and validated a prediction model for early recanalization. Clot volume was semiautomatically measured on thin-section computed tomography using software, and the degree of collaterals was determined using the Tan score. Follow-up angiographic studies were performed immediately after t-PA treatment to assess early recanalization. RESULTS: Early recanalization, assessed 61.0±44.7 minutes after t-PA bolus, was achieved in 15.5% (15/97) in the derivation cohort and in 10.5% (8/76) in the validation cohort. Clot volume (odds ratio [OR], 0.979; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.961 to 0.997; P=0.020) and good collaterals (OR, 6.129; 95% CI, 1.592 to 23.594; P=0.008) were significant factors associated with early recanalization. The area under the curve (AUC) of the model including clot volume was 0.819 (95% CI, 0.720 to 0.917) and 0.842 (95% CI, 0.746 to 0.938) in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. The AUC improved when good collaterals were added (derivation cohort: AUC, 0.876; 95% CI, 0.802 to 0.950; P=0.164; validation cohort: AUC, 0.949; 95% CI, 0.886 to 1.000; P=0.036). The integrated discrimination improvement also showed significantly improved prediction (0.097; 95% CI, 0.009 to 0.185; P=0.032). CONCLUSIONS: The model using clot volume and collaterals predicted early recanalization after intravenous t-PA and had a high performance. This model may aid in determining the recanalization treatment strategy in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion.

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