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2.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 34, 2024 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217728

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify any self-reported differences or attitudes towards certification, publication, or practice patterns between adult urology and paediatric general surgery-trained paediatric urology providers. There are no known published differences in clinical/operative/research outcomes in either group. METHODS: An 18-item cross-sectional survey was compiled through the EAU Young Academic Urologists (YAU) office and disseminated to a trans-Atlantic convenience sample of current practising paediatric urologists. This was created using a mini-Delphi method to provide current semi-quantitative data relating to current opinions and attitudes of this cohort. RESULTS: A total of 228 respondents completed the survey, with female respondents representing 37% and 34% for urology and paediatric general surgery, respectively. Nearly 90% overall respondents felt that a full 2-year paediatric fellowship program was very important and 94% endorsed a collaborative dedicated paediatric urology on call service, with 92% supporting the joint development of transitional care. Urology managed higher numbers of bedwetting (p = 0.04), bladder bowel dysfunction (p = 0.02), endourological procedures (p = 0.04), and robotics (p = 0.04). Paediatric general surgery managed higher numbers of laparoscopic reconstruction (p = 0.03), and posterior urethral valve ablation (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: This study represents the first time that a cross-sectional cohort of paediatric urologists from different training backgrounds were compared to assess their productivity, practice patterns and attitudes. Paediatric urology is in a unique position to have two contributing specialities, with the ability to provide optimal transitional and lifelong care. We believe that there should be a strong emphasis on collaboration and to remove any historically-created barriers under policies of equity, diversity and inclusivity.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Urológicas , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Femenino , Urología/educación , Estudios Transversales , Urólogos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Actas urol. esp ; 47(6): 351-359, jul.- ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-223182

RESUMEN

Introducción y objetivo El trasplante renal en la población pediátrica difiere del trasplante en adultos en muchos aspectos. Esta revisión se centrará en los aspectos exclusivos del receptor pediátrico. Material y métodos Se realizó una revisión narrativa de la escasa literatura existente sobre la evaluación preoperatoria del trasplante renal en receptor pediátrico con un enfoque educativo. La búsqueda bibliográfica permitió identificar publicaciones en inglés entre enero de 2000 y octubre de 2022. Los estudios publicados se identificaron mediante búsquedas en las siguientes bases de datos electrónicas: PubMed (Medline), WHO/UNAIDS, Google-Scholar, Semantic-Scholar y Research Gate. En aras de la eficacia y la fiabilidad, se utilizaron ensayos controlados aleatorizados, metaanálisis, revisiones sistemáticas de alta calidad y estudios grandes recientes bien diseñados, si estaban disponibles. Se realizaron búsquedas en internet para obtener información pertinente adicional (definiciones, políticas o directrices). Resultados El manejo de las anomalías urogenitales congénitas y la disfunción del tracto urinario inferior, junto con la evaluación urológica pediátrica preoperatoria óptima para el trasplante renal en niños, se ha abordado según la bibliografía disponible. Adicionalmente, se han mencionado consideraciones particulares relativas al trasplante preventivo y al trasplante de un riñón de tamaño adulto en un lactante o un niño pequeño. Conclusiones Los resultados del trasplante renal en niños han mejorado progresivamente en los últimos 15años. El trasplante de donante vivo emparentado ofrece los mejores resultados, y el trasplante preventivo puede ayudar a evitar la diálisis. Las consideraciones quirúrgicas y médicas, tanto en el tratamiento pretrasplante como en el postrasplante del receptor renal pediátrico, son extremadamente importantes para obtener resultados mejores a corto y a largo plazo (AU)


Introduction and objective Renal transplantation in the pediatric population differs from adults in many aspects. This review will focus on the unique issues of the pediatric recipient. Material and methods A narrative review on the scarce literature regarding preoperative evaluation before kidney transplantation of the paediatric recipient with an educational focus was conducted. The literature search allowed for identification of publications in English from January 2000 to October 2022. Published studies were identified by searching the following electronic databases: PubMed (Medline), WHO/UNAIDS, Google-Scholar, Semantic-Scholar and Research Gate. For efficiency and reliability, recent randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, high quality systematic reviews and large well-designed studies were used if available. Internet searches were conducted for other relevant information (definitions, policies or guidelines). Results Management of congenital urogenital anomalies and lower urinary tract dysfunction along with optimal pediatric urological preoperative assessment for renal transplantation in children is addressed in the light of the available literature. Furthermore, particular considerations including pre-emptive transplantation, transplantation of an adult-size kidney into an infant or small child is discussed. Conclusions Outcomes of renal transplantation in children have shown progressive improvement over the past 15years. Transplantation with living related donor gives the best results and pre-emptive transplantation provides with benefits of avoiding dialysis. Surgical and medical considerations in both the pre-transplant and post-transplant management of the pediatric kidney recipient are extremely crucial in order to achieve better short and long-term results (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Niño , Evaluación Preoperatoria/métodos , Trasplante de Riñón/métodos , Fallo Renal Crónico/cirugía
6.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(4): 430.e1-430.e8, 2023 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37173199

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Complex urological anomalies often require continued care as patients reach adulthood. Adequate transition for adolescents with ongoing urological care needs is critical to allow for seamless care in adult hospitals. Studies have shown that this can lead to improved patient and parental satisfaction, and lower utilisation of unplanned inpatient beds and emergency department visits. There is currently no ESPU-EAU consensus on the adequate mechanism and very few individual papers examining the role of urological transition for these patients in a European setting. This study aimed to identify current practice patterns in paediatric urologists providing adolescent/transitional care, to assess their opinions towards formal transition and to look for variations in care. This has implications for long-term patient health and specialist care. METHODS: An 18-item cross-sectional survey was compiled and pre-approved through the EAU-EWPU and ESPU board offices prior to dissemination to all registered ordinary members affiliated with the ESPU. This was created using a mini-Delphi method through the EWPU research meetings to provide current semi-quantitative data relating to current opinions and attitudes of this cohort. RESULTS: A total of 172 respondents (55% paediatric general surgery; 45% urology) across 28 countries completed the survey. The majority of respondents were in practice >10 years and spent >80% time in paediatric urology. There was no formal transition process according to 50% respondents and over half of those that did have less than 1/month, with <10% using validated questionnaires. More than two-thirds respondents continued to provide care after transition, as >70% units had no designated corresponding adult service. Furthermore, 93% paediatric believe a formal transition service to be very important, using a multidisciplinary framework. A pareto chart demonstrated 10 specific conditions to be of most interest in transition to adulthood. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to assess the requirements of paediatric urologists for adequate transitional care, however due to the nature of the survey's distribution, this was a non-scientific poll based on a convenience sample of respondents. It is critical that dual-trained or adult-trained urologists with a specific interest in paediatric urology work with current paediatric urologists in a multidisciplinary fashion to facilitate early transition based on the adolescent's developmental and biopsychosocial requirements. National urological and paediatric surgical societies need to make transitional urology a priority. The ESPU and EAU should collaboratively consider developing transitional urology guidelines to allow a framework by which this can occur.


Asunto(s)
Cuidado de Transición , Urología , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Adolescente , Urólogos , Estudios Transversales , Urología/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
Actas Urol Esp (Engl Ed) ; 47(6): 351-359, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36965856

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Renal transplantation in the pediatric population differs from adults in many aspects. This review will focus on the unique issues of the pediatric recipient. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A narrative review on the scarce literature regarding preoperative evaluation before kidney transplantation of the paediatric recipient with an educational focus was conducted. The literature search allowed for identification of publications in English from January 2000 to October 2022. Published studies were identified by searching the following electronic databases: PubMed (MEDLINE), WHO/UNAIDS, Google-Scholar, Semantic-Scholar and Research Gate. For efficiency and reliability, recent randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, high quality systematic reviews and large well-designed studies were used if available. Internet searches were conducted for other relevant information (definitions, policies or guidelines). RESULTS: Management of congenital urogenital anomalies and lower urinary tract dysfunction along with optimal pediatric urological preoperative assessment for renal transplantation in children is addressed in the light of the available literature. Furthermore, particular considerations including pre-emptive transplantation, transplantation of an adult-size kidney into an infant or small child is discussed. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of RT in children have shown progressive improvement over the past 15 years. Transplantation with living related donor gives the best results and pre-emptive transplantation provides with benefits of avoiding dialysis. Surgical and medical considerations in both the pre-transplant and post-transplant management of the pediatric kidney recipient are extremely crucial in order to achieve better short and long-term results.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante de Riñón , Lactante , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Trasplante de Riñón/métodos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Riñón
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