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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 119: 111638, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321676

RESUMEN

Different crystalline phases in sputtered TiO2 films were tailored to determine their surface and electrochemical properties, protein adsorption and apatite layer formation on titanium-based implant material. Deposition conditions of two TiO2 crystalline phases (anatase and rutile) were established and then grown on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) by magnetron sputtering to obtain the following groups: A-TiO2 (anatase), M-TiO2 (anatase and rutile mixture), R-TiO2 (rutile). Non-treated commercially pure titanium (cpTi) was used as a control. Surfaces characterization included: chemical composition, topography, crystalline phase and surface free energy (SFE). Electrochemical tests were conducted using simulated body fluid (SBF). Albumin adsorption was measured by bicinchoninic acid method. Hydroxyapatite (HA) precipitation was evaluated after 28 days of immersion in SBF. MC3T3-E1 cell adhesion, morphology and spreading onto the experimental surfaces were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Sputtering treatment modified cpTi topography by increasing its surface roughness. CpTi and M-TiO2 groups presented the greatest SFE. In general, TiO2 films displayed improved electrochemical behavior compared to cpTi, with M-TiO2 featuring the highest polarization resistance. Rutile phase exhibited a greater influence on decreasing the current density and corrosion rate, while the presence of a bi-phasic polycrystalline condition displayed a more stable passive behavior. M-TiO2 featured increased albumin adsorption. HA morphology was dependent on the crystalline phase, being more evident in the bi-phasic group. Furthermore, M-TiO2 displayed normal cell adhesion and morphology. The combination of anatase and rutile structures to generate TiO2 films is a promising strategy to improve biomedical implants properties including greater corrosion protection, higher protein adsorption, bioactivity and non-cytotoxicity effect.

2.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(5): 531-538, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073784

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the roughness, surface energy, and the bond strength of lithium disilicate yielded by two different types of nonthermal plasma (NTP), oxygen- or argon-based, compared to the conventional method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press) samples were divided into 3 groups: HF (hydrofluoric acid group); ONTP (oxygen-based NTP group); ANTP (argon-based NTP group). Surface energy and roughness analyses were performed before and after surface treatment, and bond strength testing was performed before and after 5000 thermocycles. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the surface treatments. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Bonferroni's test with statistical significance set at 5%. RESULTS: The ONTP group presented the highest surface energy values, followed by ANTP and HF. In addition, the ONTP group had higher surface roughness. SEM revealed exposed lithium disilicate crystals in the HF group, but a homogeneous film coverage in both NTP groups. Regarding bond strength, ANTP presented statistically significantly higher values than the other groups before thermocycling, and statistically significantly lower values than the other groups after thermocycling. The HF and ONTP groups presented statistically similar values after thermocycling. CONCLUSION: The bond strength of resin cement to lithium disilicate obtained after oxygen-based NTP was comparable with that obtained after conventional hydrofluoric acid treatment.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Porcelana Dental , Propiedades de Superficie
3.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 374-379, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901712

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the implant volume loss, vertical misfit between abutment and prosthetic platform, prosthetic screw loosening torque, and screw stress distribution in titanium and zirconia abutments. Ten CAD/CAM system custom abutments of each material were milled and attached to the titanium implants. The implant volume loss was evaluated by microtomography, the vertical misfit with optical microscopy, and digital torque wrench measured the prosthetic screw loosening. All experimental analyses were performed before and after mechanical cycle (1,000,000 cycles, 100 N/2 Hz). Virtual models of the structures were created for finite element analysis, and the stress on the screw obtained with von Mises procedure. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and Tukey's HSD test (a=0.05). There was no significant difference in the implant volume loss for the two abutment materials (p=0.662). Titanium abutments provided higher loosening torque values after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). Lesser marginal misfit was obtained with titanium abutments before and after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). The stress distribution on the screw was similar between abutment materials. In conclusion, CAD/CAM custom titanium abutment reduced the marginal misfit and increased the torque maintenance of prosthetic screws when compared to CAD/CAM custom zirconia abutment.


Asunto(s)
Pilares Dentales , Titanio , Tornillos Óseos , Circonio
4.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 117: 111289, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919650

RESUMEN

Our goal was to create bio-functional chlorhexidine (CHX)-doped thin films on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) discs using the glow discharge plasma approach. Different plasma deposition times (50, 35 and 20 min) were used to create bio-functional surfaces based on silicon films with CHX that were compared to the control groups [no CHX and bulk cpTi surface (machined)]. Physico-chemical and biological characterizations included: 1. Morphology, roughness, elemental chemical composition, film thickness, contact angle and surface free energy; 2. CHX-release rate; 3. Antibacterial effect on Streptococcus sanguinis biofilms at 24, 48 and 72 h; 4. Cytotoxicity and metabolic activity using fibroblasts cell culture (NIH-F3T3 cells) at 1, 2, 3 and 4 days; 5. Protein expression by NIH-F3T3 cells at 1, 2, 3 and 4 days; and 6. Co-culture assay of fibroblasts cells and S. sanguinis to assess live and dead cells on the confocal laser scanning microscopy, mitochondrial activity (XTT), membrane leakage (LDH release), and metabolic activity (WST-1 assay) at 1, 2 and 3 days of co-incubation. Data analysis showed that silicon films, with or without CHX coated cpTi discs, increased surface wettability and free energy (p < 0.05) without affecting surface roughness. CHX release was maintained over a 22-day period and resulted in a significant inhibition of biofilm growth (p < 0.05) at 48 and 72 h of biofilm formation for 50 min and 20 min of plasma deposition time groups, respectively. In general, CHX treatment did not significantly affect NIH-F3T3 cell viability (p > 0.05), whereas cell metabolism (MTT assay) was affected by CHX, with the 35 min of plasma deposition time group displaying the lowest values as compared to bulk cpTi (p < 0.05). Moreover, data analysis showed that films, with or without CHX, significantly affected the expression profile of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-4, IL-6, IL-17, IFN-y and TNF-α by NIH-F3T3 cells (p < 0.05). Co-culture demonstrated that CHX-doped film did not affect the metabolic activity, cytotoxicity and viability of fibroblasts cells (p > 0.05). Altogether, the findings of the current study support the conclusion that silicon films added with CHX can be successfully created on titanium discs and have the potential to affect bacterial growth and inflammatory markers without affecting cell viability/proliferation rates.

5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 374-379, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1132322

RESUMEN

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the implant volume loss, vertical misfit between abutment and prosthetic platform, prosthetic screw loosening torque, and screw stress distribution in titanium and zirconia abutments. Ten CAD/CAM system custom abutments of each material were milled and attached to the titanium implants. The implant volume loss was evaluated by microtomography, the vertical misfit with optical microscopy, and digital torque wrench measured the prosthetic screw loosening. All experimental analyses were performed before and after mechanical cycle (1,000,000 cycles, 100 N/2 Hz). Virtual models of the structures were created for finite element analysis, and the stress on the screw obtained with von Mises procedure. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and Tukey's HSD test (a=0.05). There was no significant difference in the implant volume loss for the two abutment materials (p=0.662). Titanium abutments provided higher loosening torque values after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). Lesser marginal misfit was obtained with titanium abutments before and after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). The stress distribution on the screw was similar between abutment materials. In conclusion, CAD/CAM custom titanium abutment reduced the marginal misfit and increased the torque maintenance of prosthetic screws when compared to CAD/CAM custom zirconia abutment.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi verificar o efeito da diminuição de volume do implante, desajuste vertical entre o pilar e plataforma protética, torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético e distribuição da tensão no parafuso em pilares de titânio e zircônia. Dez pilares personalizados de cada material foram fresados e conectados aos implantes de titânio. A diminuição de volume do implante foi avaliada com microtomografia, o desajuste vertical com microscopia óptica e o torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético com chave de torque digital. Todas as análises experimentais foram realizadas antes e após aplicação do ciclo mecânico (1.000.000 ciclos, 100 N/2 Hz). Modelos virtuais das estruturas foram criados para análise por elementos finitos e a tensão no parafuso obtida com valores de von Mises. Os dados foram analisados usando teste t independente, análise de varância dois fatores para medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey HSD (a=0,05). Não houve diferença significativa na diminuição de volume do implante para os dois materiais do pilar (p= 0,662). Os pilares de titânio proporcionaram maiores valores de torque de afrouxamento após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). O menor desajuste marginal foi obtido com os pilares de titânio antes e após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). A distribuição da tensão no parafuso foi similar entre os materiais. Em conclusão, os pilares personalizados de titânio reduziram o desajuste marginal e aumentaram a manutenção do torque dos parafusos protéticos quando comparados aos pilares de zircônia.

6.
Arch Oral Biol ; 117: 104822, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592931

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Overcoming substantial shortcomings of soft liners as physico-chemical changes and liner-biofilm-related infections remains a challenge in the rehabilitation treatment. In this study, protective non-thermal plasma (NTP) treatments were developed on the soft liner surface to improve its surface and physico-chemical properties and to reduce fungal colonization after biofilm inhibition challenge. METHODS: Resinous liner specimens (Coe-Soft) were prepared and distributed in 3 groups according to the surface treatments: (1) untreated (control); (2) treated with sulfur hexafluoride-based NTP (SF6); and (3) treated with hexamethyldisiloxane-based NTP (HMDSO). To test the NTP stability and their protective and antimicrobial effect on the liner surface over time, the morphology, chemical composition, roughness, water contact angle, shore A hardness, sorption and solubility were evaluated before and after the specimens were exposed to dual-species biofilm of Candida albicans and Streptococcus oralis for 14 days. Colony forming units and biofilm structure were assessed. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Both treatments modified the surface morphology, increased hydrophobicity and roughness of the liner, and were effective to reduce C. albicans adhesion without affecting the commensal health-associated S. oralis. HMDSO presented chemical stability and lower hardness in both periods, whereas SF6 exhibited higher initial hardness than control and the highest sorption; contrarily, similar solubility was noted for all groups. CONCLUSION: HMDSO-based film showed improved physico-chemical properties and inhibited C. albicans biofilm. Thus, it has potential for use to control candida-related stomatitis and improve liner's stability even after being exposed to biofilm inhibition challenge.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos , Biopelículas , Alineadores Dentales , Gases em Plasma , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología , Candida albicans , Ensayo de Materiales , Gases em Plasma/farmacología , Streptococcus oralis , Propiedades de Superficie
7.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 31(9): 785-802, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564392

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether photofunctionalization influences dental implant osseointegration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on osseointegration rates were extracted from 8 databases, based on bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and pushout tests. Internal validity was accessed through the SYRCLE risk of bias tool for animal experimental studies. Meta-analyses were performed for investigation of the influence of photofunctionalization on implant osseointegration, with a random effect and a confidence interval of 95%. The certainty of evidence was accessed through the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Thirty-four records were identified, and 10 were included in the meta-analysis. Photofunctionalized implants showed higher mean values for BIC in rabbits (MD 6.92 [1.01, 12.82], p = .02), dogs (MD 23.70 [10.23, 37.16], p = .001), rats (MD 20.93 [12.91, 28.95], p < .0001), and in the pooled BIC analyses (MD 14.23 [7.80, 20.66], p < .0001) compared to those in control implants in the overall assay. Conversely, at late healing periods, the pooled BIC meta-analyses showed no statistically significant differences (p > .05) for photofunctionalized and control implants at 12 weeks of follow-up. For pushout analysis, photofunctionalized implants presented greater bone strength integration (MD 19.92 [13.88, 25.96], p < .0001) compared to that of control implants. The heterogeneity between studies ranged from "not important" to "moderate" for rabbits I2  = 24%, dogs I2  = 0%, rats I2  = 0%, and pooled BIC (I2  = 49%), while considerable heterogeneity was observed for pushouts (I2  = 90%). CONCLUSION: Photofunctionalization improves osseointegration in the initial healing period of implants, as summarized from available data from rabbit, dog, and rat in vivo models.

8.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 108: 103821, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469723

RESUMEN

The use of 3D technologies is progressing in the dental field. However, little is known about the biomechanical behavior of the additive manufacturing of full-arch fixed dental prostheses (FAFDPs) for the establishment of clinical protocols. We investigated the influence of three CAD/CAM technologies: milling (control), Selective Laser Melting (SLM) and Electron Beam Melting (EBM) for FAFDP manufacturing. Also, the effects of ceramic veneer and spark erosion on marginal misfits of FAFDPs, the stability of prosthetic screws, strain and stress on the implant-supported system, as well as the effect of chewing simulation on screw stability were evaluated. Fifteen Ti-6Al-4V alloy FAFDPs were obtained by means of CAD/CAM systems: milling, SLM and EBM (n = 5/group). The marginal misfit was analyzed according to the single-screw test protocol. Screw stability was analyzed by screw-loosening torque. Strain-gauge analysis investigated the strain on the mini-abutment analog, and photoelastic analysis investigated the stress on the peri-implant region. Subsequently, all frameworks underwent ceramic veneer and spark erosion procedures. Marginal misfit, screw-loosening and strain and stress analyses were assessed after each evaluation time: initial, ceramic veneer and spark erosion. Finally, all prostheses were subjected to 106 mechanical cycles (2 Hz/150 N), and screw-loosening was re-evaluated. Data were subjected to two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and the Bonferroni test as a post hoc technique (α = 0.05). At the initial time, the milling group presented the lowest marginal misfit (p < 0.001). Ceramic veneer did not alter marginal misfit for all groups (p > 0.05); spark erosion decreased the misfit values for the SLM and EBM groups (p < 0.05). Evaluation time did not alter screw-loosening values for all groups (p = 0.191), although the milling group presented the highest screw-loosening values (p < 0.05). Ceramic veneer and spark erosion reduced strain in the components regardless of the manufacturing technology used (p < 0.05). The milling group presented the lowest stress values regardless of evaluation time (p = 0.001), and lower stress values were found after spark erosion regardless of the manufacturing group (p = 0.016). In conclusion, although milled frameworks exhibited the best biomechanical behavior, frameworks manufactured by additive technologies presented acceptable values of screw-loosening torque, strain and stress. Ceramic veneer did not negatively interfere in the biomechanical tests of the study, and clinically acceptable marginal misfit was achieved after spark erosion. Therefore, such 3D printing technologies seem to be feasible for the manufacturing of full-arch implant-supported frameworks.

9.
Biofouling ; 36(4): 428-441, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456471

RESUMEN

Titanium-zirconium (Ti-Zr) alloy has been widely used as a biomaterial for implant devices, and it is commonly treated by sandblasting followed by acid etching (SLA) to improve biological responses. Although protein adsorption is the first biological response, the effect of this SLA treatment on the proteomic profile of proteins adsorbed from saliva and blood plasma has not been tested. In this study, the proteomic profile was evaluated by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Streptococcus sanguinis was used to test whether the protein layer affects bacterial adhesion. SLA treatment affected the proteomic profile, showing exclusive proteins adsorbed from saliva (14) and plasma (3). However, both groups exhibited close patterns of intensity for common proteins, molecular functions and biological processes mediated by proteins. Interestingly, Ti-ZrSLA showed higher bacterial adhesion (∼1.9 fold over) for the surface coated with plasma proteins. Therefore, SLA treatment of Ti-Zr alloy changed the proteomic profile, which may affect bacterial adhesion.

10.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(7)2020 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244631

RESUMEN

Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) has been a promising surface coating with better mechanical and antimicrobial parameters comparing to conventional treatment surfaces. This study evaluated the peri-implant bone repair using (PEO) surface coatings compared with sandblasted acid (SLA) treatment. For this purpose, 44 Wistar rats were ovariectomized (OVX-22 animals) or underwent simulated surgery (SS-22 animals) and received implants in the tibia with each of the surface coatings. The peri-implant bone subsequently underwent molecular, microstructural, bone turnover, and histometric analysis. Real-time PCR showed a higher expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear kappa-B ligand (RANKL), and osteocalcin (OC) proteins in the SLA/OVX and PEO/SS groups (p < 0.05). Computed microtomography, confocal microscopy, and histometry showed similarity between the PEO and SLA surfaces, with a trend toward the superiority of PEO in OVX animals. Thus, PEO surfaces were shown to be promising for enhancing peri-implant bone repair in ovariectomized rats.

11.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 86(9)2020 04 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111586

RESUMEN

Streptococci from the mitis group (represented mainly by Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sanguinis, and Streptococcus gordonii) form robust biofilms with Candida albicans in different experimental models. These microorganisms have been found in polymicrobial biofilms forming on titanium biomaterial surfaces in humans with peri-implant disease. The purpose of this work was to study mutualistic interactions in biofilms forming on titanium and their effect on the adjacent mucosa, using a relevant infection model. Single and mixed biofilms of C. albicans and each Streptococcus species were grown on titanium disks. Bacterial and fungal biovolume and biomass were quantified in these biofilms. Organotypic mucosal constructs were exposed to preformed titanium surface biofilms to test their effect on secretion of proinflammatory cytokines and cell damage. C. albicans promoted bacterial biofilms of all mitis Streptococcus species on titanium surfaces. This relationship was mutualistic since all bacterial species upregulated the efg1 hypha-associated gene in C. albicans Mixed biofilms caused increased tissue damage but did not increase proinflammatory cytokine responses compared to biofilms comprising Candida alone. Interestingly, spent culture medium from tissues exposed to titanium biofilms suppressed Candida growth on titanium surfaces.IMPORTANCE Our findings provide new insights into the cross-kingdom interaction between C. albicans and Streptococcus species representative of the mitis group. These microorganisms colonize titanium-based dental implant materials, but little is known about their ability to cause inflammation and damage of the adjacent mucosal tissues. Using an in vitro biomaterial-mucosal interface infection model, we showed that mixed biofilms of each species with C. albicans enhance tissue damage. One possible mechanism for this effect is the increased fungal hypha-associated virulence gene expression we observed in mixed biofilms with these species. Interestingly, we also found that the interaction of multispecies biofilms with organotypic mucosal surfaces led to the release of growth-suppressing mediators of Candida, which may represent a homeostatic defense mechanism of the oral mucosa against fungal overgrowth. Thus, our findings provide novel insights into biofilms on biomaterials that may play an important role in the pathogenesis of mucosal infections around titanium implants.


Asunto(s)
Biopelículas , Candida albicans/fisiología , Mucosa Bucal/microbiología , Streptococcus gordonii/fisiología , Titanio/fisiología , Estreptococos Viridans/fisiología , Humanos
12.
ISME J ; 14(5): 1207-1222, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32042100

RESUMEN

Streptococcal glucosyltransferases (Gtf) synthesize α-glucan exopolymers which contribute to biofilm matrix. Streptococcus oralis interacts with the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans to form hypervirulent biofilms. S. oralis 34 has a single gtf gene (gtfR). However, the role of gtfR in single and mixed species biofilms with C. albicans has never been examined. A gtfR deletion mutant, purified GtfR, and recombinant GtfR glucan-binding domain were tested in single and mixed biofilms on different substrata in vitro. A mouse oral infection model was also used. We found that in single species biofilms growing with sucrose on abiotic surfaces S. oralis gtfR increased biofilm matrix, but not bacterial biomass. In biofilms with C. albicans, S. oralis encoding gtfR showed increased bacterial biomass on all surfaces. C. albicans had a positive effect on α-glucan synthesis, and α-glucans increased C. albicans accretion on abiotic surfaces. In single and mixed infection of mice receiving sucrose S. oralis gtfR enhanced mucosal burdens. However, sucrose had a negative impact on C. albicans burdens and reduced S. oralis burdens in co-infected mice. Our data provide new insights on the GtfR-mediated interactions between the two organisms and the influence of biofilm substratum and the mucosal environment on these interactions.


Asunto(s)
Biopelículas , Candida albicans/fisiología , Glucosiltransferasas/metabolismo , Streptococcus oralis/fisiología , Animales , Candida albicans/genética , Glucanos , Sistema de la Enzima Desramificadora del Glucógeno , Ratones , Streptococcus , Streptococcus mutans/genética , Streptococcus oralis/genética
13.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(2): e103-e107, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071690

RESUMEN

Background: Different ceramic surface cleaning methods have been suggested after the acid conditioning. The aim was to evaluate the effect of different protocols used to remove the remaining hydrofluoric acid on the shear bond strength (SBS) between lithium disilicate and resin cement. Material and Methods: Forty-four specimens of lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press) were divided in 4 groups (n=11): group C (control, no treatment); group HF+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + silane); group HF+US+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + ultrasound cleaning + silane); group HF+PH+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + 37% phosphoric acid + silane). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were performed to characterize the surface morphology. The SBS test was performed on the resin/ceramic interface, and the failure mode was characterized. SBS values were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and the Tukey test (α=.05). The relation between surface treatment and failure modes was analyzed using the chi-squared test (α=.05). Results: The surface treatment type interfered in the shear strength (p<.001) and higher SBS values were observed for the groups HF+US+S (17.87 MPa) and HF+PH+S (16.37 MPa). The surface treatment did not influence the failure mode (p=.713). No fluorsilicate salts were observed after ultrasound cleaning. Conclusions: The utilization of ultrasound cleaning was an effective procedure to remove remaining fluorsilicate salts, promoting the highest SBS values. Key words:Bond strength, ceramics, fluorsilicate, lithium disilicate, resin cement.

14.
Arch Oral Biol ; 111: 104643, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918345

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the cytotoxicity and inflammatory response of different types of provisional restorative materials to mice gingival fibroblasts. METHODS: Cytotoxicity of provisional material discs (thermal-polymerized acrylic resin; auto-polymerized acrylic resin; bisacrylic resin; nano-ceramic resin for CAD/CAM and prefabricated polymer block for CAD/CAM) to Mice (Balb/c) gingival cell were investigated under direct and indirect contact (extracts) at 24, 48 and 72 h, using the MTT and Alamar blue assays. Materials extracts (24 h) were applied to the cell culture (indirect contact) or cells were seeded on discs of provisional materials, and the cytotoxicity and production of IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α after 24, 48 and 72 h were analyzed through MTT, Alamar Blue® and ELISA. Culture medium was used as control for indirect contact assay (extract) and the surfaces of the wells without discs of provisional materials were used as control for direct contact assay. Results were analysed statistically by ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni-Test correction. Statistically significant differences were considered if P was < .05. RESULTS: Auto-polymerized and bisacrylic resins (direct contact) reduced cell viability after 24, 48 and 72 h compared to control (P < .05). Indirect contact (extract) was not cytotoxic to cells at all periods compared to control (P > .05). Auto-polymerized and bisacrylic resins increased IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α levels mainly at 24 h when compared to the other materials (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Auto-polymerized and bisacrylic were more cytotoxic to mice gingival fibroblasts. CAD/CAM nano ceramic resin and prefabricated polymer blocks are more predictable materials to preserve the periodontal soft tissues.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas , Materiales Dentales , Animales , Cerámica , Resinas Compuestas , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Ensayo de Materiales , Ratones , Propiedades de Superficie
15.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Dec 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390270

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A consensus based on patients' perceptions as to whether to use overdentures or fixed prostheses to rehabilitate mandibular edentulous arches is limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and clinical outcomes associated with implant-supported overdentures and fixed prostheses in edentulous mandibles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and nonrandomized clinical trials (N-RCTs). The risk of bias was assessed by the revised Cochrane risk of bias tool for RCTs (RoB 2) and N-RCT (ROBINS-I). Data sets for oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), satisfaction, survival rate, implant probing depth, and marginal bone loss were plotted, and the appropriate analyses were applied by using the Rev Man 5.3 software program. Certainty of evidence was also evaluated by means of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. RESULTS: Ten eligible trials were included and evaluated quantitatively. For 3 domains of OHRQoL, fixed prostheses showed significantly higher quality of life when compared with overdentures regarding functional limitation (P<.001), physical disability (P=.001), and physical pain (P=.003). Fixed prostheses also improved satisfaction, when compared with overdentures for comfort (P=.02), ease of chewing (P<.001), retention (P<.001), and stability (P<.001). The same pattern was observed for overall OHRQoL (P=.01) and satisfaction (P=.01) in which fixed prostheses improved patient satisfaction. Only ease of cleaning presented greater satisfaction for the overdenture group. Clinical parameters did not differ statistically (P>.05) between both types of prosthesis. CONCLUSIONS: Fixed rehabilitations for mandibular edentulous patients seem to be a well-accepted treatment from the patients' oral health perspective. However, mandibular overdentures are no less efficient than fixed prostheses in terms of clinical outcomes.

16.
J Investig Clin Dent ; 10(4): e12452, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478358

RESUMEN

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the adhesion of Streptococcus sanguinis to the surface of interim prostheses that were treated or not treated with a light-activated glaze, and subjected or not subjected to a thermocycling procedure. METHODS: 36 specimens of each resin were divided into 4 groups: heat-activated acrylic resin; chemically-activated acrylic resin; bis-acryl composite resin (Protemp; 3M ESPE); and bis-GMA (Charisma; Heraeus Kulzer). Half of the specimens underwent application of glaze and the other half underwent mechanical polishing. Specimens were randomly distributed into groups (N = 9) with and without thermocycling (2000 cycles). Surface energy, roughness and microbiological analyses were performed. RESULTS: Groups treated with glaze showed lower roughness when compared with the same groups without glaze treatment, before and after thermocycling, except for the bis-acryl groups after thermocycling. Surface energy values were higher in the groups treated with glaze, except the bis-acryl group before and after thermocycling. After thermocycling, the values of bacterial adhesion decreased numerically, with the exception of the chemically-activated acrylic resin group treated with glaze and the heat-activated acrylic resin group without glaze treatment. CONCLUSION: The application of glaze and the thermocycling do not influence, in a statistically significant manner, the bacterial adhesion on polymer surfaces.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Polímeros , Bisfenol A Glicidil Metacrilato , Ensayo de Materiales , Prótesis e Implantes , Streptococcus , Propiedades de Superficie
17.
J Prosthet Dent ; 122(1): 38-45, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922558

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Selective laser melting (SLM) is a promising additive technology for clinical practice, but data on dimensional precision assessed by marginal fit combined with stress and strain investigations of implant-supported fixed partial dentures (FPDs) are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to verify whether the SLM additive manufacturing technology provides better dimensional precision for 3-unit FPD frameworks than subtractive manufacturing with soft metal block (SMB) milling and the standard casting technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty 3-unit implant-supported FPDs with Co-Cr frameworks were made by the casting, SMB milling, and SLM methods (n=10). The marginal fit between the framework and the implant abutment was evaluated with photoelastic (PH) and strain gauge (SG) models. Stress and strain in the implant-supported system were measured by quantitative PH and SG analyses after prosthetic screw tightening. Data were subjected to the Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Spearman correlation test (α=.05). RESULTS: The framework manufacturing method affected the marginal fit (P<.001), stress, and strain values (P<.05). The SLM group showed the best mean ±standard deviation marginal fit (µm) (PH model: 8.4 ±3.2; SG model: 6.9 ±2.1) in comparison with SMB milling (PH model: 42.3 ±15.7; SG model: 41.3 ±15.3) and casting (PH model: 43.5 ±27.8; SG model: 41.3 ±24.6) (P<.05). SLM showed lower mean ±standard deviation stress and strain values (60.3 ±11.6 MPa; 91.4 ±11.1 µstrain) than casting (225.5 ±142.8 MPa; 226.95 ±55.4 µstrain) and SMB milling (218.6 ±101.7 MPa; 289.7 ±89.3 µstrain) (P<.05). A positive correlation was observed between fit and stress or strain for all groups (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Three-unit FPD frameworks made using the SLM technology showed better dimensional precision than those obtained with the casting or SMB milling methods.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Marginal Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Dentadura Parcial Fija , Impresión Tridimensional
18.
J Prosthet Dent ; 120(3): 421-430, 2018 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29703669

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The use of single or mini dental implants to retain mandibular overdentures is still questionable. PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis (FEA) study was to investigate the biomechanical behavior of 2- and single-implant-retained mandibular overdentures with conventional or mini implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four 3-dimensional (3D) finite element models were constructed with the following designs of mandibular overdentures: 2 (group 2-C) and single (group 1-C) conventional external hexagon implants with ball or O-ring attachment and 2 (group 2-M) and single (group 1-M) 1-piece mini implants. A 150-N axial load was applied bilaterally and simultaneously on the first molar. Overdenture displacement, von Mises equivalent stress (implants and/or prosthetic components), and maximum principal stresses (peri-implant bone) were recorded numerically and then color-coded and compared among the groups. RESULTS: The overdenture displacement (in mm) was higher for the 1-M (0.16) and 2-M (0.17) groups when compared with 1-C (0.09) and 2-C (0.08). Irrespective of the type of implant, the single-implant groups presented higher values of stress (in MPa) on the implants than did the 2-implant groups (1-C=52.53; 1-M=2.95; 2-C=34.66; 2-M=2.37), ball attachment (1-C=201.33; 2-C=159.06), housing or O-ring (1-C=125.01; 1-M=1.96; 2-C=88.84; 2-M=1.27), and peri-implant cortical bone (1-C=19.37; 1-M=1.47; 2-C=15.70; 2-M=1.06). The mini implant overdentures presented lower stress values on the implants, housing or O-ring, and peri-implant bone than did the conventional implant overdentures, regardless of the number of implants. CONCLUSIONS: The 2-implant-retained overdentures exhibited lower stresses than the single- implant-retained overdentures, irrespective of the type of implant. The mini implants demonstrated higher overdenture displacement and lower stresses than did conventional implant overdentures for single- and 2-implant-retained overdentures.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Implantes Dentales , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Prótesis de Recubrimiento , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Retención de Dentadura/métodos , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Mandíbula
19.
J Prosthet Dent ; 120(2): 290-298, 2018 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29551382

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Biofilms can reduce the corrosion resistance of titanium because of the bacterial metabolism of fermentable carbohydrates, including sucrose. However, studies evaluating whether biofilms exposed to higher sucrose concentrations can affect the electrochemical behavior of titanium are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to test the electrochemical behavior of titanium previously exposed to biofilm supplemented with different sucrose concentrations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Streptococcus mutans UA159 biofilms were formed on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) surfaces and supplemented constantly with different sucrose concentrations (0%, 1%, 10%, and 40%) for 7 days (experimental groups) (n=12 per group). CpTi disks without biofilm were used as a control (n=12). The standard electrochemical tests open-circuit potential, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and potentiodynamic curve were performed. Data were submitted to ANOVA and the Tukey honestly significant difference (HSD) tests (α=.05). RESULTS: The biofilm exposed to sucrose had an increased biofilm dry weight (P<.05). The polysaccharide amount and the pH drop were higher in the groups exposed to sucrose (P<.05). No difference was noted between the control and experimental groups for the electrochemical properties of cpTi (P>.05). CONCLUSIONS: Biofilms exposed to greater carbohydrate concentration did not alter the corrosive behavior of titanium.


Asunto(s)
Biopelículas , Electroquímica , Ensayo de Materiales , Sacarosa/metabolismo , Titanio/química , Biopelículas/crecimiento & desarrollo , Corrosión , Implantes Dentales , Materiales Dentales/química , Espectroscopía Dieléctrica , Técnicas Electroquímicas , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Polisacáridos/química , Saliva Artificial , Streptococcus mutans/crecimiento & desarrollo , Streptococcus mutans/metabolismo , Propiedades de Superficie , Factores de Tiempo
20.
Biofouling ; 34(10): 1175-1184, 2018 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744421

RESUMEN

This study aimed to test the dose-response effect of chlorhexidine on multispecies biofilms formed on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) and titanium-zirconium (TiZr) alloy. Biofilms were formed on cpTi and TiZr discs and treated two times per day with five different chlorhexidine concentrations (0.12, 0.20, 0.50, 1, 2%). The biofilms were collected for microbiological, biochemical and microscopic analyses. The significance of differences among groups was evaluated by linear regression, ANOVA, Bonferroni and Tukey tests. The mean number of colony-forming units decreased as the chlorhexidine concentration increased for both cpTi and TiZr (p < 0.05). The maximum effect was observed with the 0.5% concentration. Confocal microscopy images suggested an increase in the number of dead bacterial cells with increased chlorhexidine concentration. The biofilm pH increased after chlorhexidine exposure (p < 0.05). Chlorhexidine showed an antimicrobial dose-response effect in controlling biofilm on cpTi and TiZr. 0.5% chlorhexidine can be used to achieve the maximum antimicrobial effect on both materials.


Asunto(s)
Aleaciones , Biopelículas/efectos de los fármacos , Clorhexidina/farmacología , Prótesis e Implantes/microbiología , Titanio , Circonio , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga
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