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J Clin Lipidol ; 10(2): 378-85, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27055969

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidelmia in pediatric Middle-Eastern populations is unknown. Our study aims to investigate the distribution and correlates of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) and triglycerides among Lebanese school children. METHODS: A total of 969 subjects aged 8-18 years were included in the study (505 boys and 464 girls). Recruitment was done from 10 schools located in the Great Beirut and Mount-Lebanon areas. Non-fasting total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. Non-HDL-C was calculated. Schools were categorized into 3 socioeconomic statuses (SESs; low, middle, and high). RESULTS: In the overall population, the prevalence of high non-HDL-C (>3.8 mmol/L), very high non-HDL-C (>4.9 mmol/L), and high triglycerides (>1.5 mmol/l) are respectively 9.2%, 1.24%, and 26.6%. There is no significant gender difference for non-HDL-C or triglycerides. Non-HDL-C and triglycerides are inversely correlated with age in girls (P < .0001 for both variables) but not in boys. They are also positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) in boys and girls (P < .0001 for all variables). There is no relationship between schools' socioeconomic process (SES) and non-HDL-C. However, triglycerides are higher in children from lower SES schools. After adjustment for age and body mass index (BMI), testosterone is inversely associated with triglycerides in boys (P < .0001). In a multivariate regression analysis, non-HDL-C is independently associated with age and BMI in girls (P < .0001 for both variables) but only with BMI in boys (P < .0001), whereas triglycerides are independently associated with BMI and schools' SES in both girls and boys. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms, in our population, the association between obesity and both high non-HDL-C and triglycerides, and between high triglycerides and low SES.


Asunto(s)
Colesterol/sangre , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Triglicéridos/sangre , Adolescente , Distribución por Edad , Índice de Masa Corporal , Niño , Dislipidemias/sangre , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiología , Masculino , Distribución por Sexo , Clase Social , Testosterona/sangre
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