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1.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jul 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734370

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Whether routinely prescribed opioids are necessary for pain control after discharge among lumpectomy/sentinel node biopsy (Lump/SLNB) patients is unclear. We hypothesize that Lump/SLNB patients could be discharged without opioids, with a failure rate < 10%. This study prospectively examines outcomes after changing standard discharge prescription from an opioid/non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to NSAID/acetaminophen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Standard discharge pain medication orders included opioids in the first 3-month study period and were changed to NSAID/acetaminophen in the second 3-month period. Patient-reported medication consumption and pain scores were collected by post-discharge survey. Frequency of discharge with opioid, NSAID/acetaminophen failure rate, opioid use, and pain scores were examined. RESULTS: From May to October 2019, 663 patients had Lump/SLNB: 371 in the opioid study period and 292 in the NSAID period. In the opioid period, 92% (342/371) of patients were prescribed an opioid at discharge; of 142 patients who documented opioid use on the survey, 86 (61%) used zero tablets. Among 56 (39%) patients who used opioids, the median number taken by POD 5 was 4. After the change to NSAID/acetaminophen, rates of opioid prescription decreased to 14% (41/292). The NSAID/acetaminophen failure rate was 2% (5/251). Among survey respondents, there was no significant difference in the maximum reported pain scores (POD 1-5) between the opioid period and the NSAID period (p = 0.7). CONCLUSIONS: In Lump/SLNB patients, a change to default discharge with NSAID/acetaminophen resulted in a 78% absolute reduction in opioid prescription, with a failure rate of 2% and no difference in patient-reported pain scores. Most Lump/SLNB patients can be discharged with NSAID/acetaminophen.

2.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jun 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488512

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z0011 trial demonstrated the safety of omitting axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in T1-T2cN0 patients with fewer than three positive sentinel nodes (SLNs) undergoing breast-conservation therapy. While microscopic extracapsular extension (mECE) > 2 mm is associated with increased nodal burden, the significance of extranodal tumor deposits (ETDs) in the axillary fat is uncertain. METHODS: Consecutive patients with T1-T2cN0 breast cancer undergoing sentinel node biopsy and ALND for SLN metastases from January 2010 to December 2018 were identified. ETDs were defined as intravascular tumor emboli or metastatic deposits in the axillary fat. Clinicopathologic characteristics and nodal burden were compared by ETD status. RESULTS: Among 1114 patients, 113 (10%) had ETDs: 81 (72%) were intravascular tumor emboli and 32 (28%) were soft tissue deposits. Patients with ETDs had larger tumors (median 2.2 vs. 2.1 cm; p = 0.033) and more often had mECE (83% vs. 44%; p < 0.001). On univariable analysis, presence of ETDs (odds ratio [OR] 9.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] 6.36-14.68), larger tumors (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.25-1.72), and mECE (OR 10.73, 95% CI 6.86-16.78) were associated with four or more additional positive non-SLNs (NSLNs; all p < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, ETDs remained associated with four or more positive NSLNs (OR 5.67, 95% CI 3.53-9.08; p < 0.001). ETDs were strongly associated with four or more positive NSLNs (OR 7.15, 95% CI 4.04-12.67) among patients with one to two positive SLNs (n = 925). CONCLUSIONS: Among T1-T2cN0 patients with SLN metastases, ETDs are strongly associated with four or more positive NSLNs at ALND. Even among those who may otherwise meet the criteria for omission of ALND, the presence of ETDs in axillary fat warrants consideration of ALND.

3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jun 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488513

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) can be avoided in node-positive patients who receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) if three or more negative sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) are retrieved. We evaluate how often node-positive patients avoid ALND with NAC, and identify predictors of identification of three or more SLNs and of nodal pathological complete response (pCR). METHODS: From November 2013 to July 2019, all patients with cT1-3, biopsy-proven N1 tumors who converted to cN0 after NAC received SLN biopsy (SLNB) with dual mapping and were identified from a prospectively maintained database. RESULTS: 630 consecutive N1 patients were eligible for axillary downstaging with NAC; 573 (91%) converted to cN0 and had SLNB, and 531 patients (93%) had three or more SLNs identified. Lymphovascular invasion (LVI; odds ratio [OR] 0.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.24-0.87; p = 0.02) and increasing body mass index (BMI; OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.62-0.96 per 5-unit increase; p = 0.02) were significantly associated with failure to identify three or more SLNs. 255/573 (46%) patients achieved nodal pCR; 237 (41%) had adequate mapping. Factors associated with ALND avoidance included high grade (OR 2.51, 95% CI 1.6-3.94, p = 0.001) and receptor status (HR+/HER2- [referent]: OR 1.99, 95% CI 1.15-3.46 [p = 0.01] for HR-/HER2-, OR 3.93, 95% CI 2.40-6.44 [p < 0.001] for HR+/HER2+, and OR 8.24, 95% CI 4.16-16.3 [p < 0.001] for HR-/HER2+). LVI was associated with a lower likelihood of avoiding ALND (OR 0.28, 95% CI 0.18-0.43; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: ALND was avoided in 41% of cN1 patients after NAC. Increased BMI and LVI were associated with lower retrieval rates of three or more SLNs. ALND avoidance rates varied with receptor status, grade, and LVI. These factors help select patients most likely to avoid ALND.

4.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jun 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514804

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been proven to increase breast-conserving surgery (BCS) rates, but data are limited on conversion rates from BCS-ineligible (BCSi) to BCS-eligible (BCSe), specifically, in patients with large tumors. METHODS: Consecutive patients with stage I-III breast cancer treated with NAC from November 2013 to March 2019 were identified. BCS eligibility before and after NAC was prospectively determined. Patients deemed BCSi before NAC due to large tumor size were studied. Statistical analyses were conducted using Student's t-test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, Chi-square test, Fisher's test, and logistic regression. RESULTS: In this study, 600 of 1353 cancers were BCSi with large tumors; 69% were non-BCS candidates, 31% were borderline-BCS (bBCS) candidates. Of non-BCS candidates, 69% became BCSe after NAC; 66% chose BCS, and 90% were successful. Among bBCS candidates, 87% were BCSe after NAC, 73% chose BCS, and 96% were successful. On univariate analysis, bBCS candidacy, lower cT stage, cN0 status, absence of calcifications, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive (HER2+)/triple negative (TN) receptor status, poor differentiation, ductal histology, and breast pCR were associated with conversion to BCS eligibility. On multivariable analysis, receptor status (hormone receptor positive [HR+]/HER2- ref; odds ratio [OR] HER2+ 1.63, P = 0.047; HR-/HER2- OR, 2.26, P = 0.003) and breast pCR (OR 2.62, P < 0.001) predicted successful downstaging, while larger clinical tumor size (OR 0.86, P = 0.003), non-BCS candidacy (OR 0.46, P = 0.003), cN+ status (OR 0.54, P = 0.008), and calcifications (OR 0.56, P = 0.007) predicted lower downstaging rates. CONCLUSION: In patients with large tumors precluding BCS, conversion to BCS eligibility was high with NAC, particularly in bBCS candidates. HER2+/TN receptor status predicted successful downstaging, while lower downstaging rates were observed with larger tumors, cN+ status, and calcifications. These factors should be considered when selecting patients for NAC.

8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(5): 1617-1624, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820212

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In the ACOSOG (American College of Surgeons Oncology Group) Z0011 trial and the AMAROS (After Mapping of the Axilla: Radiotherapy or Surgery?) trial, matted nodes with gross extracapsular extension (ECE), a risk factor for locoregional recurrence, were an indication for axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), but the effect of microscopic ECE (mECE) in the sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) on recurrence was not examined. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2017, 811 patients with cT1-2N0 breast cancer and SLN metastasis were prospectively managed according to Z0011 criteria, with ALND for those with more than two positive SLNs or gross ECE. Management of mECE was not specified. In this study, we compare outcomes of patients with one to two positive SLNs with and without mECE, treated with SLN biopsy alone (n = 685). RESULTS: Median patient age was 58 years, and median tumor size was 1.7 cm. mECE was identified in 210 (31%) patients. Patients with mECE were older, had larger tumors, and were more likely to be hormone receptor positive and HER2 negative, have two positive SLNs, and receive nodal radiation. At a median follow-up of 41 months, no isolated axillary failures were observed. There were 11 nodal recurrences; two supraclavicular ± axillary, four synchronous with breast, and five with distant failure. The five-year rate of any nodal recurrence was 1.6% and did not differ by mECE (2.3% vs. 1.3%; p = 0.84). No differences were observed in local (p = 0.08) or distant (p = 0.31) recurrence rates by mECE status. CONCLUSIONS: In Z0011-eligible patients, nodal recurrence rates in patients with mECE are low after treatment with SLN biopsy alone, even in the absence of routine nodal radiation. The presence of mECE should not be considered a routine indication for ALND.

12.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(7): 2136-2143, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30783853

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Malignant/borderline phyllodes tumors (PTs) are rare, and little is known about their long-term prognosis. This study sought to evaluate recurrence rates and identify factors associated with local and distant failure. METHODS: From 1957 to 2017, we identified 124 patients with 125 PTs (86 malignant and 39 borderline). Recurrence rates and survival were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and correlated with clinicopathologic factors using the log-rank test. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 44 years, and the median tumor size was 5 cm. Breast-conserving surgery was performed for 57% of the patients. At a median follow-up of 7.1 years, 14 patients experienced a locoregional recurrence (LRR), with a 10-year cumulative LRR incidence of 12%. On univariable analysis, age younger than 40 years (p = 0.02) and close/positive margins (p = 0.001) were associated with increased risk of LRR. Seven patients developed distant disease, all occurring in malignant PTs. The 10-year distant recurrence-free survival was 94%. Uniformly poor pathologic features consisting of marked stromal cellularity, stromal overgrowth, infiltrative borders, and 10 or more mitoses per 10 high-power fields (hpf) were identified in 25 PTs (20%), and all distant recurrences occurred in this group. For the patients who did not have uniformly poor features, the 10-year disease-specific survival was 100%, and the overall survival was 94% compared with 66% and 57%, respectively, among those with poor features. CONCLUSION: Malignant/borderline PTs without uniformly poor histologic features have an excellent prognosis after surgical resection, with a 10-year disease-specific survival of 100%. The presence of uniformly poor pathologic features predicts a poor prognosis. Efforts should be directed toward new treatment approaches for these tumors.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Márgenes de Escisión , Mastectomía Segmentaria/mortalidad , Mastectomía/mortalidad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/cirugía , Tumor Filoide/cirugía , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Tumor Filoide/patología , Pronóstico , Tasa de Supervivencia , Adulto Joven
13.
Cancer ; 124(22): 4314-4321, 2018 11 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307616

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Both patients with inflammatory breast cancer (IFLBC) and patients with noninflammatory T4 breast cancer (non-IFLBC) have a heavy disease burden in the breast; whether the unique biology of IFLBC conveys a higher locoregional recurrence (LRR) risk and worse outcomes in comparison with other T4 lesions is uncertain. Here the outcomes of patients with IFLBC and patients with non-IFLBC treated with modern multimodality therapy are compared. METHODS: Patients with nonmetastatic T4 breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, mastectomy, and radiation therapy between 2006 and 2016 were identified. Recurrences and survival were compared between patients with IFLBC and patients with non-IFLBC overall and stratified by receptor subtype. RESULTS: For 199 T4 patients, the median age was 52 years, and the median clinical tumor size was 7 cm. One hundred seventeen (59%) had IFLBC. With a median follow-up of 41 months, 4 patients had isolated LRR; all cases occurred in patients with IFLBC. The 5-year isolated LRR rate for patients with IFLBC was 4.8%. Overall, 14 patients had both LRR and distant recurrence (DR); 47 had DR only. The 5-year distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS) rates were similar for patients with IFLBC and patients with non-IFLBC (63% vs 71%; log-rank P = .14). The 5-year DRFS rate was lowest among triple-negative (TN) patients (43%) and was significantly lower for patients with TN IFLBC versus patients with non-IFLBC (28% vs 62%; log-rank P = .02). The 5-year overall survival rates (71% vs 74%; log-rank P = .4) and cancer-specific survival rates (74% vs 79%; log-rank P = .23) did not differ between IFLBC and non-IFLBC. CONCLUSIONS: Although IFLBC is often considered a unique biologic subtype, patients with IFLBC and patients with non-IFLBC had similar outcomes with modern multimodality therapy; isolated LRR was uncommon. The TN subtype in patients with IFLBC is associated with poor outcomes, and this indicates the need for new treatment approaches in this group.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Neoplasias Inflamatorias de la Mama/patología , Neoplasias Inflamatorias de la Mama/terapia , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Quimioterapia , Femenino , Humanos , Mastectomía , Persona de Mediana Edad , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Radioterapia , Análisis de Supervivencia , Carga Tumoral
15.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 24(13): 3896-3902, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28916978

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is used to convert patients with inoperable locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) to operability, but has not traditionally been used to avoid mastectomy or axillary dissection in this subset. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rates of pathologic complete response (pCR) in LABC patients, and identify factors predictive of pCR to determine if responding patients might be suitable for limited surgery. METHODS: From 2006 to 2016, 1522 patients received NAC followed by surgery; 321 had advanced disease in the breast (cT4) and/or in the nodes (cN2/N3). pCR rates were assessed by T and N stage, and receptor subtype. RESULTS: Of 321 LABC patients, 223 were cT4, 77 were cN2, and 82 were cN3. Forty-three percent were hormone receptor (HR) positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative (HR+/HER2-), 23% were triple negative, and 34% were HER2+. The overall pCR rate was 25% and differed by receptor subtype (HR+/HER2- 7%, triple negative 23%, HER2+ 48%; p < 0.001). Breast pCR occurred in 27% of patients and was similar in T4 versus non-T4 disease (29% vs. 22%; p = 0.26). Nodal pCR was achieved in 38% of cN+ patients and did not differ by nodal stage (cN1 43%, cN2 36%, cN3 32%; p = 0.23). Nodal pCR was significantly more common than breast pCR (p = 0.014) across all tumor subtypes. Receptor subtype was the only predictor of overall pCR (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In patients with LABC, pCR after NAC was seen in 25%, and did not differ by T or N stage. Tumor biology, but not extent of disease, predicted pCR. Studies assessing the feasibility of surgical downstaging with NAC in LABC patients are warranted.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patología , Carcinoma Lobular/patología , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Biomarcadores de Tumor/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Lobular/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Lobular/metabolismo , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogénicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Inducción de Remisión , Tasa de Supervivencia
16.
J Am Coll Surg ; 225(6): 740-746, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28919579

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In the setting where determining extent of residual disease is key for surgical planning after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), we evaluate the reliability of MRI in predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) of the breast primary and axillary nodes after NAC. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who had MRI before and after NAC between June 2014 and August 2015 were identified in a prospective database after IRB approval. Post-NAC MRI of the breast and axillary nodes was correlated with residual disease on final pathology. Pathologic complete response was defined as absence of invasive and in situ disease. RESULTS: We analyzed 129 breast cancers. Median patient age was 50.8 years (range 27.2 to 80.6 years). Tumors were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 amplified in 52 of 129 (40%), estrogen receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative in 45 of 129 (35%), and triple negative in 32 of 129 (25%), with respective pCR rates of 50%, 9%, and 31%. Median tumor size pre- and post-NAC MRI were 4.1 cm and 1.45 cm, respectively. Magnetic resonance imaging had a positive predictive value of 63.4% (26 of 41) and negative predictive value of 84.1% (74 of 88) for in-breast pCR. Axillary nodes were abnormal on pre-NAC MRI in 97 patients; 65 had biopsy-confirmed metastases. The nodes normalized on post-NAC MRI in 33 of 65 (51%); axillary pCR was present in 22 of 33 (67%). In 32 patients with proven nodal metastases and abnormal nodes on post-NAC MRI, 11 achieved axillary pCR. In 32 patients with normal nodes on pre- and post-NAC MRI, 6 (19%) had metastasis on final pathology. CONCLUSIONS: Radiologic complete response by MRI does not predict pCR with adequate accuracy to replace pathologic evaluation of the breast tumor and axillary nodes.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Axila , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Femenino , Humanos , Metástasis Linfática , Persona de Mediana Edad , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 24(12): 3527-3533, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28762114

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Strategies to reduce the likelihood of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) include application of Z0011 or use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Indications for ALND differ by treatment plan, and nodal pathologic complete response rates after NAC vary by tumor subtype. This study compared ALND rates for cT1-2N0 tumors treated with upfront surgery versus those treated with NAC. METHODS: The ALND rates for cT1-2N0 breast cancer patients were compared by tumor subtype among women undergoing upfront surgery to NAC. Multivariable analysis with control for age, cT stage, and lymphovascular invasion, and stratification by subtype was performed. RESULTS: The study identified 1944 cancers in 1907 women who underwent sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy with or without ALND (669 upfront breast-conserving surgeries [BCSs], 1004 upfront mastectomies, 271 NACs). Compared with the NAC group, the ALND rates in the BCS group were lower for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor-positive (PR+), human epidermal growth factor 2-negative (HER2-) tumors (15 vs 34%; p < 0.001). The ALND rates in the upfront mastectomy group were higher than in the NAC group for HER2+ or TN tumors. In the multivariable analysis, receipt of NAC compared with upfront BCS remained significantly associated with higher odds of ALND in the ER/PR+ HER2- subtype (hazard ratio [HR], 3.35; p < 0.001), whereas NAC versus upfront mastectomy remained significantly associated with lower odds of ALND in the HER2+ and TN subtypes (HR for HER2+, 0.19, p < 0.001; HR for TN, 0.25, p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: The study showed that ALND rates differ according to surgery type and tumor subtype secondary to differing ALND indications and nodal response to NAC. These factors can be used to personalize treatment planning to minimize ALND risk for patients with early-stage breast cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Lobular/cirugía , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogénicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Axila , Biomarcadores de Tumor/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patología , Carcinoma Lobular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Lobular/patología , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático , Mastectomía , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto Joven
18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 24(13): 3888-3895, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28828599

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Overdiagnosis and overtreatment of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) are concerns, especially for women with low-volume, screen-detected DCIS. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes for such patients. METHODS: Women who had minimal-volume DCIS (mDCIS, defined as DCIS diagnosed by core biopsy but with no residual disease on the surgical excision) treated with breast-conserving surgery from 1990 to 2011 were identified. Ipsilateral and contralateral breast events (IBE and CBE) were compared by competing-risk (CR) analysis. Kaplan-Meier (KM) estimates and log-rank tests were used to evaluate covariates. RESULTS: The study identified 290 cases of mDCIS. The median age of the patients was 53 years. Radiation therapy (RT) was performed for 27.6% and endocrine therapy for 16.2% of the patients. The median follow-up period was 6.8 years. Overall, the IBE rates were 4.3% at 5 years and 12.3% at 10 years. Among the women not receiving RT, the 5- and 10-year IBE rates (5.4 and 14.5%) were higher than the CBE rates (1.8 and 2.7%). Among those receiving RT, the IBE rates (1.5 and 6.0%) were lower than the CBE rates (4.1 and 15.6%). The women receiving RT trended toward significantly lower IBE rates (p = 0.07). Age, grade, and endocrine therapy were not significantly associated with IBE risk. CONCLUSIONS: Among the patients with mDCIS who did not receive RT, the IBE risk was substantially higher than the CBE risk, demonstrating that even DCIS of very low volume is associated with clinically relevant disease. The finding that the IBE risk was greater than the CBE risk supports current strategies that treat DCIS as a precursor rather than a risk marker. Women with mDCIS are not at negligible risk for IBE in the absence of adjuvant therapy.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patología , Carcinoma Intraductal no Infiltrante/patología , Mastectomía Segmentaria , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Biopsia con Aguja Gruesa , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Intraductal no Infiltrante/cirugía , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/cirugía , Pronóstico , Tasa de Supervivencia
19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 24(9): 2556-2562, 2017 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28560596

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) breast cancers and in invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) is uncertain due to the low rates of pathologic complete response (pCR). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if pathologic features can identify subsets likely to benefit from NAC. METHODS: Patients with stage I-III ER+, HER2- breast cancer receiving NAC were retrospectively reviewed. Endpoints were downstaging to breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and nodal pCR after NAC. Patients were grouped by progesterone receptor (PR) status and grade/differentiation (high grade or poor [HP] vs. non-HP). RESULTS: From 2007 to 2016, 402 ER+/HER2- cancers in patients receiving NAC were identified. Median age was 50 years, 98% were clinical stage II-III, and 75% were cN+. Overall pCR rate was 5%; breast pCR in 7% and nodal pCR in 15% of cN+ patients (p < 0.0001). Patients with ILC initially ineligible for BCS (n = 56) were less likely to downstage than those with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC; n = 183, 16 vs. 48%, p ≤ 0.0001), with a similar trend in the axilla (p = 0.086). The rates of BCS eligibility after NAC were highest in PR-/HP patients (62%) and lowest in PR+/non-HP patients (29%) [p = 0.005]. In the axilla, nodal pCR among cN+ patients (n = 301) ranged from 0 to 35% (p < 0.0001) within these groups, and was most frequent in PR-/HP patients. CONCLUSIONS: ER+/HER2- patients most likely to benefit from NAC are those with PR- and HP tumors. Patients with ILC are unlikely to downstage in the breast or axilla compared with IDC. The use of these criteria can assist in defining the initial treatment approach.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Lobular/tratamiento farmacológico , Adulto , Anciano , Axila , Neoplasias de la Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/secundario , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Lobular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Lobular/secundario , Carcinoma Lobular/cirugía , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Humanos , Ganglios Linfáticos/patología , Metástasis Linfática , Mastectomía Segmentaria , Persona de Mediana Edad , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Clasificación del Tumor , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogénicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Estudios Retrospectivos
20.
Ann Surg ; 266(3): 457-462, 2017 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28650355

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of axillary dissection (ALND) and nodal recurrence in patients eligible for ACOSOG Z0011. BACKGROUND: Z0011 demonstrated that patients with cT1-2N0 breast cancers and 1 to 2 involved sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) having breast-conserving therapy had no difference in locoregional recurrence or survival after SLN biopsy alone or ALND. The generalizability of the results and importance of nodal radiotherapy (RT) is unclear. METHODS: Patients eligible for Z0011 had SLN biopsy alone. Prospectively defined indications for ALND were metastases in ≥3 SLNs or gross extracapsular extension. Axillary imaging was not routine. SLN and ALND groups and radiation fields were compared with chi-square and t tests. Cumulative incidence of recurrences was estimated with competing risk analysis. RESULTS: From August 2010 to December 2016, 793 patients met Z0011 eligibility criteria and had SLN metastases. Among them, 130 (16%) had ALND; ALND did not vary based on age, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, or HER2 status. Five-year event-free survival after SLN alone was 93% with no isolated axillary recurrences. Cumulative 5-year rates of breast + nodal and nodal + distant recurrence were each 0.7%. In 484 SLN-only patients with known RT fields (103 prone, 280 supine tangent, 101 breast + nodes) and follow-up ≥12 months, the 5-year cumulative nodal recurrence rate was 1% and did not differ significantly by RT fields. CONCLUSIONS: We confirm that even without preoperative axillary imaging or routine use of nodal RT, ALND can be avoided in a large majority of Z0011-eligible patients with excellent regional control. This approach has the potential to spare substantial numbers of women the morbidity of ALND.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/radioterapia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirugía , Carcinoma Lobular/radioterapia , Carcinoma Lobular/cirugía , Escisión del Ganglio Linfático , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Axila , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patología , Carcinoma Lobular/patología , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Metástasis Linfática , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/epidemiología , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/prevención & control , Estudios Prospectivos , Radioterapia Ayuvante , Resultado del Tratamiento
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