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1.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 24 Suppl 1: 103-112, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484608

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review is to assess the treatment effects (amount of distalization, distal tipping and vertical movement) of buccally versus palatally placed temporary skeletal anchorage devices (TSADs) on maxillary first molars during distalization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline and Scopus databases were searched up to September 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized prospective cohort studies on maxillary molar distalization using TSADs in patients with Class II malocclusion. After study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment, meta-analyses were performed for the amount of distalization, distal tipping and intrusion of first molars. RESULTS: Nine studies (2 RCTs and 7 prospective studies) were included. The risk of bias of the RCTs was low to unclear. The non-randomized studies were of moderate quality. In five studies, the TSADs were placed in the infrazygomatic process while in two studies, they were placed in the buccal inter-radicular spaces, and in two studies, they were placed in the midpalatal region. The first molar distalization was 2.75 mm when buccal inter-radicular TSADs were used, but 4.07 and 4.17 mm with palatal and infrazgomatic TSADs. The palatal appliances were associated with 11.17° of distal tipping of the first molar while infrazygomatic and buccal inter-radicular TSADs resulted in 3.99° and 1.70° of tipping, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Inter-radicular TSADs resulted in less distal tipping but also in less distalization. Palatal TSAD-supported appliances showed the greatest amount of distal tipping. Further RCTs or prospective studies on the effect of various designs of TSAD-supported distalization are warranted.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Cefalometría , Humanos , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Aparatos Ortodóncicos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
2.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001566

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (a) to evaluate the displacement and stress distribution in the maxillary dentition associated with the use of two different unilateral distalization appliances-unilateral zygoma gear (UZG) appliance and asymmetric headgear (AHG)-in non-growing patients; and (b) to assess the effects of fully erupted maxillary third molars on the distalization of the first molar with both appliances by using three-dimensional finite element analysis. SETTINGS AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Two 3D models of the maxilla were created: one with third molars and one without. Next, two distalizing appliances (UZG and AHG) were added to each model to create four models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Distalization forces were applied, and the resultant displacements were recorded at the mesiobuccal and distolingual cusps and palatal root apex of each molar and the incisal edge root apex of the central incisors. The resulting von Mises stress distributions were evaluated. RESULTS: With the UZG, the first molar showed greater root distalization than the crown in the model with the third molar, whereas the model without the third molar showed distalization and distal tipping of the first molar. With the AHG, the first molar showed a large amount of distal tipping in the model without a third molar. However, this tipping was less than that in the model with third molars. CONCLUSION: The presence of completely erupted third molars decreased the amount of uncontrolled distal tipping in both appliances. UZG can be considered as an effective option for maxillary molar distalization.

3.
J World Fed Orthod ; 9(3): 129-136, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873518

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the facial esthetic standards between Paraguayan and Korean beauty pageant contestants as well as to evaluate the deviation in Farkas proportion indexes (PI) from the golden ratio for each group using three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetric analysis. METHODS: 3D soft tissue images of 34 Miss Paraguay (MP) and 54 Miss Korea (MK) pageant contestants were obtained. The 3D images were digitized and 52 measurements and ratios were calculated. One-way multivariate analysis of variance was applied to compare the two groups. One-sample t-test was applied to assess the differences between the PI of each group and the golden ratio. RESULTS: The MP group showed greater mouth width, total vermilion perimeter, and lower lip protrusion (P < 0.001) than the MK group. Meanwhile, the MK group showed longer forehead height and total facial height (P = 0.002 and P < 0.001, respectively). All Farkas PIs in each group showed significant differences from the golden ratio except for PI19 (upper/lower vermilion heights). CONCLUSIONS: Paraguayans favor rectangular faces with wide mouths and large lips, especially the lower lips, whereas Koreans prefer long tapered faces with small mouths and lips. All proportion indexes were significantly different from the golden ratio except for PI19. Therefore, it would be beneficial for clinicians to consider the differences in ethnic preferences in facial esthetics during diagnosis and treatment planning.

4.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(3): 202-208, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644891

RESUMEN

Objectives: The aim of study was to evaluate skeletodental and soft tissue treatment effects and the amount of maxillary molar distalization with modified C-palatal plates vs. Greenfield molar distalizer appliances in adolescents. Study design: The samples consisted of pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms collected from 39 patients with Class II malocclusion. The MCPP group was comprised of 21 patients (mean age: 11.7 ± 1.3 years) treated with MCPP appliances while the GMD group included 18 patients (mean age: 11.2 ± 0.9 years) treated with GMD. Fixed orthodontic treatment started with the distalization process in both groups. From each cephalograpm, twenty-nine variables were measured for analysis and then the two groups were compared. Descriptive statistics, a paired t-test, and multivariate analysis of variance were performed to compare the treatment effects within and between the groups. Results: There was significant treatmentrelated change in the sagittal position of the maxilla and the mandible within each group. However, there were no statistically significant inter-group differences. The mean maxillary first molar distalization was 3.96 mm in the MCPP group vs. 2.85 mm in the GMD group. Both groups showed minimal distal tipping, but the maxillary incisors were significantly extruded by 3.04 ± 0.89 mm (P < .001) in GMD group. There was no significant difference in treatment duration between the groups. Conclusions: The maxillary first molars of both the MCPP and GMD groups were effectively distalized and there were significant skeletal changes in the maxilla. However, the maxillary incisors were significantly extruded in the GMD group.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Adolescente , Cefalometría , Niño , Humanos , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Aparatos Ortodóncicos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
5.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(6): 832-839, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784017

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate skeletal, dentoalveolar, and soft tissue changes at 3 years posttreatment in patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion treated with modified C-palatal plates (MCPPs). METHODS: The sample consisted of 69 lateral cephalograms of 23 patients Class II Division 1 malocclusion (9 men, 14 women; average age, 20.1 years) who underwent bilateral distalization of their maxillary dentition. The lateral cephalograms were taken immediately before the placement of the MCPPs (T1); at the end of orthodontic fixed appliance therapy (T2); and at the posttreatment observation period (3 years posttreatment; T3). Twenty-three variables were measured. Repeated measures ANOVA followed by post hoc analysis using Bonferroni test was used to identify significant differences between time points. RESULTS: Maxillary first molars showed a distal movement of 3.44 ± 1.08 mm (P <0.001) distal crown tipping of 2.35° ± 6.74°, and intrusion of 1.42 ± 1.12 mm from T1 to T2. However, from T2 to T3, there was an average of 0.41 ± 0.25 mm of mesial movement, 0.50 ± 0.46 mm of extrusion, and insignificant mesial crown tipping (0.92° ± 2.46°; P = 0.06). The nasolabial angle increased 9.36° ± 6.04° from T1 to T2 (P <0.001) but then decreased 1.55° ± 1.54° from T2 to T3. CONCLUSIONS: MCPPs are a viable treatment option for maxillary total arch distalization with minimal changes in treatment effects 3 years posttreatment.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Cefalometría , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/terapia , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Adulto Joven
6.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(2): 178-185, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375227

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify significant factors affecting the spontaneous angular changes of impacted mandibular third molars as a result of second molar protraction. Temporary skeletal anchorage devices in the missing mandibular first molar (ML-6) or missing deciduous mandibular second molar (ML-E) with missing succedaneous premolar spaces provided traction. METHODS: Forty-one mandibular third molars of 34 patients (10 male and 24 female; mean age 18.3 ± 3.7 years) that erupted after second molar protraction were included in this study. They were classified into upright (U) and tilted (T) groups. Linear and angular measurements were performed at the time of treatment initiation (T1) and of ML-6 or ML-E space closure (T2). Regression analyses were used to identify significant factors related to third molar uprighting. RESULTS: Nolla stage (odds ratio [OR] 4.1), sex (OR 0.003 for male), third molar angulation at T1 (OR 1.1), missing tooth space (OR 0.006), rate of third molar eruption (OR 23.3), and rate of second molar protraction (OR 0.2) significantly affected third molar uprighting. Age, third molar angulation at T1, rate of third molar eruption, and rate of second molar protraction were significant factors for predicting third molar angulation at T2. CONCLUSIONS: Available space for third molar eruption before and after second molar protraction is not associated with uprighting of erupting third molars. Older patients whose third molars are in greater Nolla stage, are in a more upright position at T1, and have a greater eruption rate have a greater chance for third molar uprighting. Alternatively, an increase in second molar protraction rate results in mesial tipping of the third molars.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión/prevención & control , Maloclusión/fisiopatología , Mandíbula/fisiopatología , Tercer Molar/fisiopatología , Diente Impactado/fisiopatología , Adolescente , Adulto , Puntos Anatómicos de Referencia , Diente Premolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maloclusión/diagnóstico por imagen , Mandíbula/anatomía & histología , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Molar/anatomía & histología , Diente Molar/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Molar/fisiopatología , Tercer Molar/anatomía & histología , Tercer Molar/diagnóstico por imagen , Aparatos Ortodóncicos , Cierre del Espacio Ortodóncico , Ortodoncia Correctiva , Erupción Dental , Diente Primario , Diente Impactado/complicaciones , Diente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto Joven
7.
8.
Korean J Orthod ; 49(4): 205-213, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367575

RESUMEN

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of tooth movement and histologic changes with different corticotomy designs and micro-osteoperforation in rabbits. Methods: The sample consisted of 24 rabbits divided into three experimental groups (triangular corticotomy [TC] and indentation corticotomy [IC] with flap, and flapless micro-osteoperforations [MP]) and a control. A traction force of 100 cN was applied by connecting the first premolars to the incisors. The amount of tooth movement was measured. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to assess differences in tooth movement between the groups. Micro-computed tomography, hematoxylin and eosin staining, and tartrate-resistant acidic phosphatase (TRAP) analysis were performed. Analysis of variance was applied to assess differences in TRAP-positive osteoclast count between the groups. Results: The amount of tooth movement increased by 46.5% and 32.0% in the IC and MP groups, respectively, while the bone fraction analysis showed 69.7% and 8.5% less mineralization compared to the control. There were no significant intergroup differences in the number of TRAP-positive osteoclasts. Conclusions: The micro-osteoperforation group showed no significant differences in the amount of tooth movement compared to the corticotomy groups, nor in the TRAP-positive osteoclast count compared to both corticotomy groups and control.

9.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 155(2): 191-197, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712690

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to evaluate changes in the position of maxillary third molars with cone-beam computed tomography images in adolescents after total arch distalization using a modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) and to compare them with the changes in a matched control group. METHODS: We included 68 maxillary third molars of 40 adolescent patients (mean age, 12.6 years). They were divided into MCPP and control groups. Cone-beam computed tomography images were taken before and after molar distalization (mean duration, 14.4 months) in the MCPP group and also in the control group (mean duration, 12.9 months). The changes in the position, angulation, and rotation of the third molars were assessed, and the volumes of maxillary tuberosity were measured. RESULTS: After distalization, the third molars moved backward (1.2 mm) and upward (0.5 mm) in the MCPP group with a significant difference (P <0.003), and they moved downward and forward in the control group. The changes in rotation and angulation were insignificant. The volumes of maxillary tuberosity increased in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Maxillary total arch distalization caused unerupted third molars to move backward and upward, with an insignificant difference in the posttreatment volume of maxillary tuberosity. Therefore, it may be possible to perform maxillary total arch distalization in adolescents with unerupted third molars without a germectomy, at least in the short term.


Asunto(s)
Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Tercer Molar/diagnóstico por imagen , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Tiempo , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/métodos
10.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 22(1): 46-52, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466181

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical effects of temporary skeletal anchorage devices (TSADs) on the mandibular dentition and mandible during total arch distalization according to locations and types of the TSADs using finite element (FE) analysis. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A model of the mandible and teeth was used to build an FE analysis model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four FE models were constructed: Ramal plate (Type A), Sugawara plate (Type B), buccal shelf miniscrew (Type C) and interradicular miniscrew (Type D). A retraction force of 300 g per side was applied to the mandibular archwire. RESULTS: In the sagittal plane, the plates Type A and B showed more distal displacement than the miniscrew Types C and D, especially in the posterior teeth. Type A presented the greatest amount of distal displacement, followed by Types B, C and D. Type A was closest to the line of occlusion, which showed the lowest degree of buccolingual angulations of the molar crowns. Vertically, Type A showed a greater amount of extrusive displacement of the posterior teeth than the other types of TSADs, while Type B showed intrusive displacement of the molars. CONCLUSIONS: The ramal plate showed a greater amount of distal and extrusive displacement of the posterior teeth than the miniscrews. Therefore, clinicians should consider the displacement of mandibular dentition during total arch distalization according to types of the TSADs.


Asunto(s)
Dentición , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/métodos , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Mandíbula , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/instrumentación , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/métodos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/instrumentación , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Korean J Orthod ; 48(5): 304-315, 2018 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30206529

RESUMEN

Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze initial displacement and stress distribution of the maxillofacial complex during dentoskeletal maxillary protraction with various appliance designs placed on the palatal region by using three-dimensional finite element analysis. Methods: Six models of maxillary protraction were developed: conventional facemask (Type A), facemask with dentoskeletal hybrid anchorage (Type B), facemask with a palatal plate (Type C), intraoral traction using a Class III palatal plate (Type D), facemask with a palatal plate combined with rapid maxillary expansion (RME; Type E), and Class III palatal plate intraoral traction with RME (Type F). In Types A, B, C, and D, maxillary protraction alone was performed, whereas in Types E and F, transverse expansion was performed simultaneously with maxillary protraction. Results: Type C displayed the greatest amount of anterior dentoskeletal displacement in the sagittal plane. Types A and B resulted in similar amounts of anterior displacement of all the maxillofacial landmarks. Type D showed little movement, but Type E with expansion and the palatal plate displayed a larger range of movement of the maxillofacial landmarks in all directions. Conclusions: The palatal plate served as an effective skeletal anchor for use with the facemask in maxillary protraction. In contrast, the intraoral use of Class III palatal plates showed minimal skeletal and dental effects in maxillary protraction. In addition, palatal expansion with the protraction force showed minimal effect on the forward movement of the maxillary complex.

12.
Korean J Orthod ; 48(4): 224-235, 2018 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30003056

RESUMEN

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue treatment effects of nonextraction therapy using the modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) to those of premolar extraction (PE) treatment in adult patients with Class II malocclusion. Methods: Pretreatment and posttreatment lateral cephalographs of 40 adult patients with Class II malocclusion were retrospectively analyzed. The MCPP group comprised 20 patients treated with total arch distalization of the maxillary arch while the PE group comprised 20 patients treated with four PE. Fifty-eight linear and angular measurements were analyzed to assess the changes before and after treatment. Descriptive statistics, paired t-test, and multivariate analysis of variance were performed to evaluate the treatment effects within and between the two groups. Results: The MCPP group presented 3.4 mm of retraction, 1.0 mm of extrusion, and 7.3° lingual inclination of the maxillary central incisor. In comparison, the PE group displayed greater amount of maxillary central incisor retraction and retroclination, mandibular incisor retraction, and upper lip retraction (5.3 mm, 14.8°, 5.1 mm, and 2.0 mm, respectively; p < 0.001 for all). In addition, the MCPP group showed 4.0 mm of distalization and 1.3 mm of intrusion with 2.9° distal tipping of the maxillary first molars. Conclusions: These findings suggest the MCPP is an effective distalization appliance in the maxillary arch. The amount of incisor retraction, however, was significantly higher in the PE group. Therefore, four PE may be recommended when greater improvement of incisor position and soft-tissue profile is required.

13.
Angle Orthod ; 88(2): 187-194, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29337633

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in position of the maxillary dentition and the airway space after distalization using a modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) in adult patients through CBCT images and to analyze the relationship between the amount of distalization and the changes in the airway space. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 33 adult Class II patients (22.2 ± 4.0 years old; 27 women and 6 men) treated by total maxillary arch distalization using the MCPP were evaluated before and after distalization. The patients were divided into nonextraction and extraction groups. The changes in the airway space as well as the changes in the positions of the maxillary dentition were evaluated. The distalization effects were calculated and assessed using paired t-tests. RESULTS: After distalization, the first molar showed significant distalization and intrusion ( P < .001) with no significant rotation of the crown and no significant buccal displacement of its root in the transverse dimension. There were no significant changes in the airway volume or the minimum cross-sectional area of the oropharynx. CONCLUSIONS: The application of the MCPP resulted in significant total arch distalization without a significant effect on the transverse dimensions or changes in the oropharynx airway space. The MCPP can be considered a viable treatment option for patients with Class II malocclusion.


Asunto(s)
Proceso Alveolar/patología , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/terapia , Maxilar/patología , Boca/patología , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/métodos , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Femenino , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional , Masculino , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/diagnóstico por imagen , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/patología , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Molar/patología , Boca/diagnóstico por imagen , Faringe/diagnóstico por imagen , Faringe/patología , Radiografía Dental , Extracción Dental/métodos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/métodos , Adulto Joven
14.
Angle Orthod ; 88(1): 45-51, 2018 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28985107

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment effects of palatally vs buccally placed temporary anchorage devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 40 Class II division 1 malocclusion patients, 22 were treated with modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) appliances (age 21.9 ± 6.6 years), and 18 (age 24.2 ± 6.8 years) were treated with buccally placed miniscrews between the maxillary first molar and second premolar. A total of 26 linear and angular measurements were analyzed on pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms. Multivariate analysis of variance was performed to evaluate the treatment effects within each group and to compare the effects between groups. RESULTS: Overall, the MCPP appliances showed 4.2 mm of distalization, 1.6 mm of intrusion of the first molar with 2° tipping, and 0.8 mm extrusion of incisors. The miniscrew group resulted in 2.0 mm of distalization, 0.1 mm intrusion of the first molar with 7.2° tipping, and 0.3 mm of incisor extrusion. Regarding soft tissue change, in the MCPP group, the upper lip was significantly retracted ( P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Comparing the treatment effects between MCPP appliances and buccal miniscrews, the MCPP appliances showed greater distalization and intrusion with less distal tipping of the first molar and less extrusion of the incisor compared to the buccal miniscrews.


Asunto(s)
Placas Óseas , Tornillos Óseos , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/terapia , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/instrumentación , Aparatos Ortodóncicos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/instrumentación , Cefalometría , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/diagnóstico por imagen , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
15.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 152(6): 859-869, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29173865

RESUMEN

A modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) is introduced as a treatment option for adolescent patients with Class I malocclusion and severe overjet. A boy, 10 years 11 months old, was successfully treated without extractions in 22 months. Indications for clinical application of the MCPP as well as procedures and biomechanical analysis of the treatment effects are described in detail. The MCPP was used to distalize the maxillary dentition. The results were stable 1 year after retention. Clinicians should consider the application of MCPP as a nonextraction treatment option for adolescents with Class I malocclusion and severe overjet when the patient or parent refuses extractions.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/terapia , Aparatos Ortodóncicos , Sobremordida/terapia , Niño , Humanos , Masculino , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Paladar (Hueso) , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
16.
Korean J Orthod ; 47(6): 375-383, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29090125

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental and skeletal effects of the modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) for total arch distalization in adult patients with Class II malocclusion and compare the findings with those of cervical pull headgear. METHODS: The study sample consisted of the lateral cephalograms of 44 adult patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion, including 22 who received treatment with MCPP (age, 24.7 ± 7.7 years) and 22 who received treatment with cervical pull headgear (age, 23.0 ± 7.7 years). Pre- (T1) and post-treatment (T2) cephalograms were analyzed for 24 linear and angular measurements. Multivariate analysis of variance was performed to evaluate the changes after treatment in each group and differences in treatment effects between the two groups. RESULTS: The mean amount of distalization at the crown and root levels of the maxillary first molar and the amount of distal tipping was 4.2 mm, 3.5 mm, and 3.9° in the MCPP group, and 2.3 mm, 0.6 mm, and 8.6° in the headgear group, respectively. In addition, intrusion by 2.5 mm was observed in the MCPP group. In both groups, the distal movement of the upper lip and the increase in the nasolabial angle were statistically significant (p < 0.001). However, none of the skeletal and soft tissue variables exhibited significant differences between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that MCPP is an effective treatment modality for total arch distalization in adults.

17.
Korean J Orthod ; 47(2): 87-99, 2017 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28337418

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to measure and compare the facial dimensions of the Miss Korea pageant contestants and a selected group of women from the general population by using three-dimensional (3D) image analysis, as well as to compare various facial ratios to the golden ratio within each group. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of 52 Miss Korea pageant contestants (MK group) and 41 young female adults selected from the general population (GP group) were acquired. Fifty-four variables and ratios were measured and calculated. Intergroup comparisons were performed using multivariate analysis of variance. RESULTS: Compared to the GP group, the MK group showed greater total facial height and eye width, lesser lower-facial height, and lesser facial, lower-facial, and nasal widths. Moreover, compared to the GP group, the MK group had more protruded noses with greater nasolabial angle, greater vertical curvature of the foreheads, lesser horizontal curvature of the cheek, and lesser lower-lip-and-chin volume. CONCLUSIONS: The MK group had longer faces but smaller lower lips and chins than did the GP group. The golden ratio was not matching the current facial esthetic standards. These data might be beneficial for treatment planning of patients undergoing orthognathic and plastic surgeries.

18.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 151(1): 105-117, 2017 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28024761

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze displacement and stress distribution in the maxilla during maxillary expansion followed by protraction using bone-borne and conventional tooth-borne palatal expanders and a facemask via 3-dimensional finite element analysis. METHODS: A finite element model of an adolescent skull was created, and 4 different types of appliances were integrated into it: facemask (type A); facemask with paramedian bone-borne expander (type B), facemask with palatal-slope bone-borne expander (type C), and facemask with conventional expander (type D). Expansion of 0.25 mm followed by 500 g of force per side was applied. RESULTS: Type A showed anterior displacement of the dentition combined with downward displacement of posterior teeth and upward displacement of anterior teeth. The combination of protraction and expansion in type D showed the greatest anterior displacement. In types B and C, the expansion forces resulted in posterior displacement decreasing the net displacement of the combination. Stresses concentrated around the miniscrews in types B and C. In types A and D, stresses concentrated at the first premolar and first molar. Type B had the highest stresses followed by type C and then D. CONCLUSIONS: The conventional tooth-borne expander (type D) enhanced the effect of maxillary protraction. Facemask alone (type A) resulted in more anterior displacement of the maxilla than the combination of facemask and bone-borne expanders (types B and C). The clinician should be aware of the initial stresses and movements from different expanders with facemask found in this study and confirm the movements in future clinical Class III studies.


Asunto(s)
Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/instrumentación , Técnica de Expansión Palatina/instrumentación , Adolescente , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Aparatos de Tracción Extraoral , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Maxilar/anatomía & histología , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/métodos , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Aparatos Ortodóncicos
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 30(1): e132, 2016 Nov 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27901210

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of segmental osteotomy on the blood vessels and osteoclasts in rats using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometric analysis. After segmental osteotomy was performed around the maxillary first molars of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 72), the samples were divided into a control group (no displacement), 0.5 D group (0.5 mm buccal displacement) and 1.0 D group (1.0 mm buccal displacement) (n = 24/group). At 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after surgery, changes in the blood vessel volume were investigated using micro-CT with perfusion of radiopaque silicone rubber. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was used for histomorphometric analysis. Two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (rmANOVA) was performed to compare the volume of blood vessels and number of TRAP-positive osteoclasts among the groups. Regarding blood vessel volume, the displacement groups had no significant effects, while the time points had significant effects (p = 0.014). The blood vessel volume at 1 week was significantly smaller than that at 2, 4, and 8 weeks (p = 0.004, p = 0.026, and p = 0.005, respectively). Regarding TRAP cell count, the displacement groups had no significant effects, while the time points had significant effects (p < 0.001). The number of TRAP-positive osteoclasts at 8 weeks was significantly smaller than that at 1, 2, and 4 weeks (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p = 0.002, respectively), and the count at 4 weeks was smaller than that at 1 week (p = 0.011). Therefore, a regional osteoclast-related acceleratory phenomenon was maintained until 4 weeks after surgery.


Asunto(s)
Proceso Alveolar/irrigación sanguínea , Alveolectomía/métodos , Osteotomía Maxilar/métodos , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Animales , Recuento de Células , Masculino , Diente Molar , Osteoclastos , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Valores de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Fosfatasa Ácida Tartratorresistente , Factores de Tiempo , Microtomografía por Rayos X
20.
Korean J Orthod ; 46(5): 290-300, 2016 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27668192

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) evaluate the effects of maxillary second and third molar eruption status on the distalization of first molars with a modified palatal anchorage plate (MPAP), and (2) compare the results to the outcomes of the use of a pendulum and that of a headgear using three-dimensional finite element analysis. METHODS: Three eruption stages were established: an erupting second molar at the cervical one-third of the first molar root (Stage 1), a fully erupted second molar (Stage 2), and an erupting third molar at the cervical one-third of the second molar root (Stage 3). Retraction forces were applied via three anchorage appliance models: an MPAP with bracket and archwire, a bone-anchored pendulum appliance, and cervical-pull headgear. RESULTS: An MPAP showed greater root movement of the first molar than crown movement, and this was more noticeable in Stages 2 and 3. With the other devices, the first molar showed distal tipping. Transversely, the first molar had mesial-out rotation with headgear and mesial-in rotation with the other devices. Vertically, the first molar was intruded with an MPAP, and extruded with the other appliances. CONCLUSIONS: The second molar eruption stage had an effect on molar distalization, but the third molar follicle had no effect. The application of an MPAP may be an effective treatment option for maxillary molar distalization.

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