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J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 86, 2019 Mar 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922393


BACKGROUND: Permanence of front-line management of lung cancer by immunotherapies requires predictive companion diagnostics identifying immune-checkpoints at baseline, challenged by the size and heterogeneity of biopsy specimens. METHODS: An innovative, tumor heterogeneity reducing, immune-enriched tissue microarray was constructed from baseline biopsies, and multiplex immunofluorescence was used to profile 25 immune-checkpoints and immune-antigens. RESULTS: Multiple immune-checkpoints were ranked, correlated with antigen presenting and cytotoxic effector lymphocyte activity, and were reduced with advancing disease. Immune-checkpoint combinations on TILs were associated with a marked survival advantage. Conserved combinations validated on more than 11,000 lung, breast, gastric and ovarian cancer patients demonstrate the feasibility of pan-cancer companion diagnostics. CONCLUSIONS: In this hypothesis-generating study, deepening our understanding of immune-checkpoint biology, comprehensive protein-protein interaction and pathway mapping revealed that redundant immune-checkpoint interactors associate with positive outcomes, providing new avenues for the deciphering of molecular mechanisms behind effects of immunotherapeutic agents targeting immune-checkpoints analyzed.

PLoS One ; 11(8): e0161210, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27517300


Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G acts as negative regulator of the immune responses and its expression may enable tumor cells to escape immunosurveillance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of HLA-G allelic variants and serum soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels on risk of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We analyzed 191 Caucasian adults with NSCLC and 191 healthy subjects recruited between January 2009 and March 2014 in Ariana (Tunisia). Serum sHLA-G levels were measured by immunoassay and HLA-G alleles were determined using a direct DNA sequencing procedures. The heterozygous genotypes of HLA-G 010101 and -G 010401 were associated with increased risks of both NSCLC and advanced disease stages. In contrast, the heterozygous genotypes of HLA-G 0105N and -G 0106 were associated with decreased risks of NSCC and clinical disease stage IV, respectively. Serum sHLA-G levels were significantly higher in patients with NSCLC and particularly in those with advanced disease stages compared to healthy subjects. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves was 0.82 for controls vs patients. Given 100% specificity, the highest sensitivity achieved to detect NSCLC was 52.8% at a cutoff value of 24.9 U/ml. Patients with the sHLA-G above median level (≥ 50 U/ml) had a significantly shorter survival time. This study demonstrates that HLA-G allelic variants are independent risk factors for NSCLC. Serum sHLA-G levels in NSCLC patients could be useful biomarkers for the diagnostic and prognosis of NSCLC.

Biomarcadores/análisis , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/genética , Antígenos HLA-G/sangre , Antígenos HLA-G/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/sangre , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/patología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangre , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Curva ROC
Cell Immunol ; 290(1): 66-71, 2014 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24880677


Recent genetic surveys have identified vitamin D receptor (VDR) as a susceptibility gene for several autoimmune diseases. This study was designed to investigate the association of VDR gene polymorphisms with Behçet's disease (BD) and Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A case-control study including 151 BD, 106 RA patients and an appropriate number of healthy control subjects were performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) techniques. Association between TaqI polymorphism and BD was marginal under codominant and recessive models (P=0.078 and P=0.058, respectively). After stratification, we found evidence for a significant association between TaqI polymorphism and BD in the elderly subjects (P=0.037). The minor ApaI a allele tended to confer an increased risk for BD susceptibility (P=0.087). BD patients with VDR homozygous AA or aa genotypes were at increased risk for development of erythema nodosum (EN) skin manifestation (P=0.038). No significant association was observed for VDR ApaI and TaqI polymorphisms with RA risk (P>0.05). TaqI and ApaI polymorphisms might be modestly implicated in BD pathogenesis. They could be considered as potential biomarkers in BD rather than susceptibility genes. However, TaqI and ApaI seemed not to be implicated in RA pathogenesis.

Artritis Reumatoide/genética , Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Desoxirribonucleasas de Localización Especificada Tipo II , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Polimorfismo de Longitud del Fragmento de Restricción , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Eritema Nudoso/genética , Femenino , Frecuencia de los Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Riesgo , Túnez , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/sangre
Cytokine ; 66(1): 23-9, 2014 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24548421


Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokines produced by T helper 17 (Th17) cells, which plays an important role in both innate and adaptive immune systems. Genetic variants in the IL-17 genes may influence the immunopathogenesis of many cancers. In our study, we investigated the association of three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: -152 G/A, 7488 A/G and 7383 A/G) in the IL-17A and IL-17F genes with lung cancer risk, in the Tunisian population. The genotypic and allelic distributions of IL-17A and IL-17F genes polymorphisms were analyzed by Polymerase Chain-Reaction (PCR) and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) for 239 patients and 258 healthy controls. Our results revealed a statistically significant association between IL-17F 7488G allele and increased lung cancer risk (P=0.028). Stratification analysis indicated that IL-17F 7488G allele enhances the risk of lung cancer development among men and oldest age subject groups (P<0.05). Patients with IL-17F 7488G allele were also more likely to be diagnosed at advanced stage (P=0.04), or with metastatic lung cancer (P=0.035). Furthermore, no significant association between IL-17F 7383 A/G, IL-17 -152G/A polymorphisms and lung cancer risk was observed (P>0.05). However, we reported contradictory findings on the association of IL-17 -152 G/A polymorphisms with lung cancer risk. In addition, we suggested the existence of a biological interaction between IL-17A, but not IL-17F polymorphisms and smoking. Our findings suggest that IL-17F 7488G allele is associated with increased lung cancer risk in the Tunisian population.

Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Interleucina-17/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple/genética , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Frecuencia de los Genes/genética , Interacción Gen-Ambiente , Haplotipos/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Metástasis de la Neoplasia , Polimorfismo de Longitud del Fragmento de Restricción , Factores de Riesgo , Fumar/genética