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Int J Med Educ ; 6: 40-6, 2015 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25822467

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: We investigated students' conception of learning for an examination in internal medicine, infectious diseases and dermatology-venereology, in three separate examinations versus a single integrated one. METHODS: The study was carried out during a curricular change, with one cohort belonging to a new integrated examination and the other to the former non-integrated examination. Forty-eight interviews were carried out among medical undergraduates regarding the role of the examination in the learning process. The interviews were analyzed according to the phenomenographic approach to identify the students' conception of learning. RESULTS: The learning approaches could be categorized in 47 of the 48 students into 4 major groups: application directed, holistic, comprehensive and tactical memorizing learning. The result indicated that comprehensive learning was the most common approach among students following either examination-form; tactical memorizing learning was more prevalent among students following the non-integrated examination and holistic learning was applied more frequently among students following the integrated examination. Nine of the 47 students changed their approaches over time, the majority switching to a comprehensive approach. No significant gender difference was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive learning was the most common strategy employed and students who changed during the course most often switched to this. However, only a minor change in approach was observed after a switching to an integrated examination, i.e. it takes more than just an integrated examination to change the student's conception of learning.


Asunto(s)
Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Aprendizaje , Percepción , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Escritura , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Educación Médica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Suecia , Adulto Joven
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