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1.
Explore (NY) ; 15(4): 273-282, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902568

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Literature suggests interprofessional education (IPE) and education about complementary therapies for health sciences students may be effectively combined. METHODS: A novel 30-hour, 10-week course for interprofessional undergraduate health sciences students combining IPE and complementary therapies learning objectives was developed and offered in 2012 (N = 71), 2013 (N = 120) and 2014 (N = 140). Pre-post mixed methods measurement occurred in three groups: one taking combined IPE-complementary therapies curriculum, and two control groups (one following non-specialized IPE curriculum, and one following combined IPE-continuing care curriculum). The students' attitudinal changes towards IPE and complementary therapies, and their comfort collaborating with students in other health sciences programs were measured using scales. Qualitative evaluation was conducted via content analysis of team-based reflective essays of their opinions towards what they learned about IPE and complementary therapies, and how it changed during the course. RESULTS: Quantitative results exhibited ceiling effects, revealing little change or difference between groups on all measures, with the exception of the Health Professional Collaborative Competency Perception Scale which indicated the students taking the IPE-complementary therapies course reported increased comfort collaborating in comparison with control groups. Qualitative results indicated students: increased their awareness and knowledge about complementary therapies, and were inspired to learn more, appreciated the need for collaboration and communication, desired to be more patient-centered, and wove concepts related to IPE and complementary therapies together. CONCLUSION: Combining IPE initiatives and basic complementary therapies education can save curricular time, and develop healthcare professionals who appear to be more ready to provide team-based, patient-centered care.

2.
J Res Pharm Pract ; 4(3): 153-9, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26312255

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: There is an increased prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-KP) worldwide including India, which is a major concern for the clinicians, especially in intensive care units and pediatric patients. This study aims to determine the prevalence of ESBL-KP and antimicrobial sensitivity profile to plan a proper hospital infection control program to prevent the spread of resistant strains. METHODS: KP isolates obtained from various clinical samples were evaluated to detect the production of ESBL by phenotypic methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility profile was also determined of all the isolates. FINDINGS: Of 223 nonduplicate isolates of K. pneumoniae, 114 (51.1%) were ESBL producer and antimicrobial susceptibility profile showed the isolates were uniformly sensitive to imipenem and highly susceptible to beta-lactamase inhibitor combination drugs (67-81%) and aminoglycosides (62-76%), but less susceptible to third generation cephalosporins (14-24%) and non-ß-lactam antibiotics such as nitrofurantoin (57%), fluoroquinolones (29-57%), piperacillin (19-23%), and aztreonam (15-24%). CONCLUSION: This study found that beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations are effective in treatment of such infections due to ESBL-KP thus these drugs should be a part of the empirical therapy and carbapenems should be used when the antimicrobial susceptibility tests report resistance against inhibitors combinations.

3.
J Dent Educ ; 78(6): 934-43, 2014 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24882780

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to identify changes in dental students' self-directed learning (SDL) readiness during their education. Guglielmino's SDL readiness scale (SDLRS) was completed at admission by dental students at the University of Saskatchewan and at the end of each year of training. The response rates varied from year to year. Between twenty-seven and thirty students completed the questionnaire each year at admission (93-100 percent of the entering class). The numbers of participants were lower in succeeding years: numbers used for analysis ranged from eleven to twenty-six; years in which fewer than eleven students participated were not included in the analysis. At admission, the students' mean SDLRS score was 228.98 (on a scale from 58 to 290, with 290 the highest); this score was higher than that of the average adult population (214±25.59). There was no significant effect of years of predental education, prior unsuccessful applications to dental school, interview scores, age, or admission test scores. There was a significant drop in SDLRS scores at the end of the first year for most of the cohorts (p<0.001). In addition to the questionnaire part of the study, two instructors and five first- and second-year students participated in focus groups. Those results showed that the individuals defined SDL narrowly and had similar perceptions of curricular factors that affect SDL readiness. The drop in scores one year after admission and lack of change with increased training suggests that current educational interventions may require re-examination and alteration to those that promote self-direction.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Aprendizaje , Estudiantes de Odontología , Factores de Edad , Pruebas de Aptitud , Estudios de Cohortes , Prueba de Admisión Académica , Creatividad , Educación en Odontología , Educación Preodontológica , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Motivación , Solución de Problemas , Saskatchewan , Criterios de Admisión Escolar , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Pensamiento
4.
Acad Med ; 88(11): 1754-64, 2013 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24072133

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The School of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan curriculum promotes self-direction as one of its learning philosophies. The authors sought to identify changes in self-directed learning (SDL) readiness during training. METHOD: Guglielmino's SDL Readiness Scale (SDLRS) was administered to five student cohorts (N = 375) at admission and the end of every year of training, 2006 to 2010. Scores were analyzed using repeated-measurement analysis. A focus group and interviews captured students' and instructors' perceptions of self-direction. RESULTS: Overall, the mean SDLRS score was 230.6; men (n = 168) 229.5; women (n = 197) 232.3, higher than in the average adult population. However, the authors were able to follow only 275 students through later years of medical education. There were no significant effects of gender, years of premedical training, and Medical College Admission Test scores on SDLRS scores. Older students were more self-directed. There was a significant drop in scores at the end of year one for each of the cohorts (P < .001), and no significant change to these SDLRS scores as students progressed through medical school. Students and faculty defined SDL narrowly and had similar perceptions of curricular factors affecting SDL. CONCLUSIONS: The initial scores indicate high self-direction. The drop in scores one year after admission, and the lack of change with increased training, show that the current educational interventions may require reexamination and alteration to ones that promote SDL. Comparison with schools using a different curricular approach may bring to light the impact of curriculum on SDL.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Aprendizaje , Adulto , Curriculum , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Estudiantes de Medicina , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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