Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 2 de 2
Más filtros

Base de datos
Intervalo de año de publicación
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244915


Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emerging causative agent of acute hepatitis worldwide. To provide insights into the epidemiology of HEV in Italy, a large-scale investigation was conducted into urban sewage over nine years (2011-2019), collecting 1374 sewage samples from 48 wastewater treatment plants located in all the 20 regions of Italy. Broadly reactive primers targeting the ORF1 and ORF2 regions were used for the detection and typing of HEV, followed by Sanger and next generation sequencing (NGS). Real-time RT-qPCR was also used to attempt quantification of positive samples. HEV RNA detection occurred in 74 urban sewage samples (5.4%), with a statistically significant higher frequency (7.1%) in central Italy. Fifty-six samples were characterized as G3 strains and 18 as G1. While the detection of G3 strains occurred in all the surveillance period, G1 strains were mainly detected in 2011-2012, and never in 2017-2019. Typing was achieved in 2 samples (3f subtype). Viral concentrations in quantifiable samples ranged from 1.2 × 103 g.c./L to 2.8 × 104 g.c./L. Our results suggest the considerable circulation of the virus in the Italian population, despite a relatively small number of notified cases, a higher occurrence in central Italy, and a noteworthy predominance of G3 strains.

Virus de la Hepatitis E , Hepatitis E , Aguas Residuales , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Humanos , Italia , Filogenia , ARN Viral , Aguas Residuales/virología
Mar Pollut Bull ; 62(1): 140-53, 2011 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20880556


MOON (Mediterranean Operational Oceanography Network provides near-real-time information on oil-spill detection (ocean color and SAR) and predictions [ocean forecasts (MFS and CYCOFOS) and oil-spill predictions (MEDSLIK)]. We employ this system to study the Lebanese oil-pollution crisis in summer 2006 and thus to assist regional and local decision makers in Europe, regionally and locally. The MEDSLIK oil-spill predictions obtained using CYCOFOS high-resolution ocean fields are compared with those obtained using lower-resolution MFS hydrodynamics, and both are validated against satellite observations. The predicted beached oil distributions along the Lebanese and Syrian coasts are compared with in situ observations. The oil-spill predictions are able to simulate the northward movement of the oil spill, with the CYCOFOS predictions being in better agreement with satellite observations. Among the free MEDSLIK parameters tested in the sensitivity experiments, the drift factor appears to be the most relevant to improve the quality of the results.

Liberación de Peligros Químicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Petróleo/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/química , Contaminación Química del Agua/estadística & datos numéricos , Predicción , Líbano , Mar Mediterráneo , Modelos Químicos , Tecnología de Sensores Remotos , Movimientos del Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis