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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 124(6): 815.e1-815.e7, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268070

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Exposure of silicone prostheses to environmental factors can alter their properties, affecting longevity. However, whether nonthermal plasma (NTP) can prevent these alterations is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the surface roughness (Ra), sorption, solubility, and color stability (ΔE00) of the MDX4-4210 and A-120 silicones, with and without NTP treatment in accordance with an independent analysis of the use of 2 pigmentations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred sixty specimens were fabricated and distributed into 16 groups (n=10) as per the silicone, pigmentation, and NTP coating. The NTP was applied, and the Ra, sorption, solubility, and ΔE00 were evaluated before and after accelerated aging. ANOVA was used, and the HSD Tukey test was applied (α=.05). RESULTS: NTP generated an increase in roughness after aging, regardless of pigmentation or silicone. A-120 silicone without NTP showed a reduction in roughness after aging, regardless of pigmentation. For sorption and solubility, the bronze pigmentation (for A-120 and MDX4-4210) presented the smallest results after NTP treatment. For MDX4-4210 with pink pigmentation and NTP, sorption decreased and solubility increased. For A-120 with pink pigmentation and NTP, sorption and solubility increased. Sorption was reduced in all situations, except for A-120 with pink pigmentation, which increased. Regardless of the silicone used, solubility was reduced after NTP for bronze pigmentation. For A-120 and MDX4-4210 with pink pigmentation and NTP, the solubility increased. For both pigmentations, the NTP treatment promoted lower color alteration only for the A-120 silicone after accelerated aging (within the acceptability threshold). CONCLUSIONS: The NTP protocol of this study, which was applied to facial silicones, generated inconsistent results between the evaluated properties. Therefore, the NTP protocol used does not seem to be ideal for the treatment of silicone surfaces after aging.

2.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2020 Dec 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368974

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Nanotechnology has progressed significantly and particles as small as 3 nm are being employed in resin-based restorative materials to improve clinical performance. The goal of this review is to report the progress of nanotechnology in Restorative Dentistry by reviewing the advantages, limitations, and applications of resin-based restorative materials with nanoparticles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was conducted using PubMed/Medline, Scopus and Embase databases. In vitro, in vivo and in situ research studies published in English between 1999 and 2020, and which focused on the analysis of resin-based restorative materials containing nanoparticles were included. RESULTS: A total of 140 studies were included in this review. Studies reported the effect of incorporating different types of nanoparticles on adhesive systems or resin composites. Mechanical, physical, and anti-bacterial properties were described. The clinical performance of resin-based restorative materials with nanoparticles was also reported. CONCLUSIONS: The high surface area of nanoparticles exponentially increases the bioactivity of materials using bioactive nanofillers. However, the tendency of nanoparticles to agglomerate, the chemical instability of the developed materials and the decline of rheological properties when high ratios of nanoparticles are employed are some of the obstacles to overcome in the near future. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In spite of the recent advancements of nanotechnology in resin-based restorative materials, some challenges need to be overcome before new nano-based restorative materials are considered permanent solutions to clinical problems.

3.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(5): 531-538, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073784

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the roughness, surface energy, and the bond strength of lithium disilicate yielded by two different types of nonthermal plasma (NTP), oxygen- or argon-based, compared to the conventional method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press) samples were divided into 3 groups: HF (hydrofluoric acid group); ONTP (oxygen-based NTP group); ANTP (argon-based NTP group). Surface energy and roughness analyses were performed before and after surface treatment, and bond strength testing was performed before and after 5000 thermocycles. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the surface treatments. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Bonferroni's test with statistical significance set at 5%. RESULTS: The ONTP group presented the highest surface energy values, followed by ANTP and HF. In addition, the ONTP group had higher surface roughness. SEM revealed exposed lithium disilicate crystals in the HF group, but a homogeneous film coverage in both NTP groups. Regarding bond strength, ANTP presented statistically significantly higher values than the other groups before thermocycling, and statistically significantly lower values than the other groups after thermocycling. The HF and ONTP groups presented statistically similar values after thermocycling. CONCLUSION: The bond strength of resin cement to lithium disilicate obtained after oxygen-based NTP was comparable with that obtained after conventional hydrofluoric acid treatment.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Porcelana Dental , Propiedades de Superficie
4.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045124

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optical, chemical, and mechanical properties of feldspathic porcelain after handling with different instrument materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Feldspathic porcelain was manipulated with different spatula compositions: metal spatula (MS), plastic spatula (PS), and glass spatula (GS) for the fabrication of 30 (n = 10) disks. Contrast ratio (CR), translucency parameter (TP), and surface Knoop microhardness (KHN) were measured. The color change (ΔE00 ) was evaluated using the CIEDE2000 system. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were used for surface analysis. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (P < 0.05). RESULTS: All groups presented different morphological surfaces with higher presence of Al on the MS. PS group presented lower Al, Si, K than MS, and GS. Higher CR was observed for PS (0.734; P < 0.043), followed by MS (0.696; P < 0.043) and GS (0.65; P < 0.011). The highest TP (13.06) and KHN (386.27) were presented by GS (P < 0.001). MS and PS presented similar KHN results. The higher ΔE00 were found for plastic/metal comparison. Also, the L* values for the MS group (67.49) were lower than the other groups. CONCLUSION: The use of metal spatula promoted higher color alteration during feldspathic porcelain manipulation than did the other materials. Handling with glass instrument promoted higher microhardness than other spatula materials. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The effect of the material used for ceramic handling on feldspathic porcelain properties is often ignored. This study shows that the handling spatula material must be carefully chosen to avoid inadvertent changes to the feldspathic porcelain restoration.

5.
Arch Oral Biol ; 117: 104822, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592931

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Overcoming substantial shortcomings of soft liners as physico-chemical changes and liner-biofilm-related infections remains a challenge in the rehabilitation treatment. In this study, protective non-thermal plasma (NTP) treatments were developed on the soft liner surface to improve its surface and physico-chemical properties and to reduce fungal colonization after biofilm inhibition challenge. METHODS: Resinous liner specimens (Coe-Soft) were prepared and distributed in 3 groups according to the surface treatments: (1) untreated (control); (2) treated with sulfur hexafluoride-based NTP (SF6); and (3) treated with hexamethyldisiloxane-based NTP (HMDSO). To test the NTP stability and their protective and antimicrobial effect on the liner surface over time, the morphology, chemical composition, roughness, water contact angle, shore A hardness, sorption and solubility were evaluated before and after the specimens were exposed to dual-species biofilm of Candida albicans and Streptococcus oralis for 14 days. Colony forming units and biofilm structure were assessed. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Both treatments modified the surface morphology, increased hydrophobicity and roughness of the liner, and were effective to reduce C. albicans adhesion without affecting the commensal health-associated S. oralis. HMDSO presented chemical stability and lower hardness in both periods, whereas SF6 exhibited higher initial hardness than control and the highest sorption; contrarily, similar solubility was noted for all groups. CONCLUSION: HMDSO-based film showed improved physico-chemical properties and inhibited C. albicans biofilm. Thus, it has potential for use to control candida-related stomatitis and improve liner's stability even after being exposed to biofilm inhibition challenge.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos , Biopelículas , Alineadores Dentales , Gases em Plasma , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología , Candida albicans , Ensayo de Materiales , Gases em Plasma/farmacología , Streptococcus oralis , Propiedades de Superficie
6.
J Adv Prosthodont ; 12(2): 55-60, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377317

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effect of four acidic beverages on the roughness (Ra) and color change (ΔEab) of two brands of artificial teeth and a heat-polymerized acrylic resin (HPAR) for use in a prosthetic base. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All materials were divided into 5 groups, according to the used acidic beverage (artificial saliva - control, red wine, orange juice, coke-based, and lemon juice-based soft drink). The immersion process was divided into two stages: T1 - immersion in the acidic solutions for 10 minutes for 14 days; T2 - after T1, the samples were immersed in grape juice for 14 days. The Ra of the samples was evaluated in a rugosimeter and the ΔEab in a spectrophotometer, before and after the immersions. The analysis of variance of one (ΔEab) and two factors (Ra) and Tukey were performed (α=.05). RESULTS: There was a statistical difference for roughness after immersion (T1) for Trilux and Tritone teeth, regardless of the acid solution. For Trilux teeth, all acid solutions increased Ra (P<.05). For Tritone teeth, only the coke-based soft drink did not statistically change Ra. Grape juice (T2) altered Ra only of artificial teeth (P<.05). The color was changed for all materials, after T1 and T2. CONCLUSION: In general, the acidic solutions changed the Ra and ΔEab of HPAR and artificial teeth after T1. The grape juice altered the roughness only of the artificial teeth, promoting a clinically acceptable color change in the materials.

7.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 21(5): 1227-1234, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458626

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of patients with oral or oropharyngeal cancer by using specific questionnaires (QLQ-C30 and QLQ-HandN35), varying according to the location of the tumor (oral cavity or oropharynx) and the treatment performed (only surgery or surgery associated with radiotherapy). METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in this study and answered the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC HandN35 questionnaires, before (baseline), at 1 week, and 3 months after treatment. Internal consistency reliability was calculated with the Cronbach coefficient. The Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests were applied and P.

8.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(2): e103-e107, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071690

RESUMEN

Background: Different ceramic surface cleaning methods have been suggested after the acid conditioning. The aim was to evaluate the effect of different protocols used to remove the remaining hydrofluoric acid on the shear bond strength (SBS) between lithium disilicate and resin cement. Material and Methods: Forty-four specimens of lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press) were divided in 4 groups (n=11): group C (control, no treatment); group HF+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + silane); group HF+US+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + ultrasound cleaning + silane); group HF+PH+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + 37% phosphoric acid + silane). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were performed to characterize the surface morphology. The SBS test was performed on the resin/ceramic interface, and the failure mode was characterized. SBS values were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and the Tukey test (α=.05). The relation between surface treatment and failure modes was analyzed using the chi-squared test (α=.05). Results: The surface treatment type interfered in the shear strength (p<.001) and higher SBS values were observed for the groups HF+US+S (17.87 MPa) and HF+PH+S (16.37 MPa). The surface treatment did not influence the failure mode (p=.713). No fluorsilicate salts were observed after ultrasound cleaning. Conclusions: The utilization of ultrasound cleaning was an effective procedure to remove remaining fluorsilicate salts, promoting the highest SBS values. Key words:Bond strength, ceramics, fluorsilicate, lithium disilicate, resin cement.

9.
Arch Oral Biol ; 111: 104643, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918345

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the cytotoxicity and inflammatory response of different types of provisional restorative materials to mice gingival fibroblasts. METHODS: Cytotoxicity of provisional material discs (thermal-polymerized acrylic resin; auto-polymerized acrylic resin; bisacrylic resin; nano-ceramic resin for CAD/CAM and prefabricated polymer block for CAD/CAM) to Mice (Balb/c) gingival cell were investigated under direct and indirect contact (extracts) at 24, 48 and 72 h, using the MTT and Alamar blue assays. Materials extracts (24 h) were applied to the cell culture (indirect contact) or cells were seeded on discs of provisional materials, and the cytotoxicity and production of IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α after 24, 48 and 72 h were analyzed through MTT, Alamar Blue® and ELISA. Culture medium was used as control for indirect contact assay (extract) and the surfaces of the wells without discs of provisional materials were used as control for direct contact assay. Results were analysed statistically by ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni-Test correction. Statistically significant differences were considered if P was < .05. RESULTS: Auto-polymerized and bisacrylic resins (direct contact) reduced cell viability after 24, 48 and 72 h compared to control (P < .05). Indirect contact (extract) was not cytotoxic to cells at all periods compared to control (P > .05). Auto-polymerized and bisacrylic resins increased IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α levels mainly at 24 h when compared to the other materials (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Auto-polymerized and bisacrylic were more cytotoxic to mice gingival fibroblasts. CAD/CAM nano ceramic resin and prefabricated polymer blocks are more predictable materials to preserve the periodontal soft tissues.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas , Materiales Dentales , Animales , Cerámica , Resinas Compuestas , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Ensayo de Materiales , Ratones , Propiedades de Superficie
10.
J Prosthet Dent ; 123(2): 239-245, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227236

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The survival and/or success of post-retained restorations is influenced by the amount of residual coronal structure, known as the "ferrule effect." PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate whether the presence or absence of the ferrule effect influences the failure rate of fiber-reinforced composite post-and-core restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed using the PubMed/Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases for articles published up to May 2018. The risk ratio with 95% confidence interval was estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel method. Potentially eligible studies were selected based on the reading of the abstracts and full text of prospective clinical trials, randomized clinical trials, or prospective randomized studies, all with a minimum of 10 participants in each group, with a follow-up period longer than 6 months, and published in English. RESULTS: Of the 380 studies retrieved, 4 were included in this meta-analysis. A total of 297 teeth were evaluated, 157 with a ferrule and 140 without a ferrule. The mean survival rate was 88.35% in the ferrule group and 78.05% in the nonferrule group. No statistically significant difference was noted in the general failure analysis (risk ratio: 0.71 [95% confidence interval: 0.47 to 1.06]; P=.09), although a higher number of failures occurred in nonferrule restorations. More controlled and randomized clinical trials are needed to establish a clinical protocol for the use of post-retained restorations. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limited number of available studies, the results of this meta-analysis suggest that the ferrule effect does not significantly reduce the failure rate in fiber-reinforced composite post-and-core restorations.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Diente no Vital , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos
11.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 68: e20200037, 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1136049

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective The bleaching agents may interact with restorative materials, such as dental amalgam, providing an increase mercury ions (Hg) release, whose toxic effect is known. Whereas many patients have amalgam restorations (AR) and seek bleaching treatments, the present study aimed to evaluate in vitro the amount of Hg released from AR made with spherical alloy, after being subjected to different concentrations of carbamide peroxide (CP) for home bleaching. Methods 40 class I AR were prepared in bovine teeth. Afterthe restoration, the samples were randomly allocated into 4 groups (n = 10): C (control group), CP10 (CP 10%) CP15 (CP 15%) CP20 (CP 20%) and its treatments were simulated for 14 days for 6 hours daily. The Hg ions released was measured by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and surface changes were assessed in the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Hg levels (percent mass) were recorded and the differences were statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's "Post hoc" test. Results Statisticalanalysis showed the bleaching treatment resulted in a higher Hg release (p <0.05), although no visible changes were identified in micrographs when comparing the control group with the other groups (CP10, CP15, CP20). Conclusion Increased Hg release may be observed during simulated home bleaching.


RESUMO Objetivo Os agentes clareadores podem interagir com materiais restauradores, como o amálgama, proporcionando um aumento na liberação de íons de mercúrio (Hg), cujo efeito tóxico é conhecido. Considerando que muitos pacientes possuem restaurações de amálgama (AR) e buscam tratamentos clareadores, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar in vitro a quantidade de Hg liberado a partir da AR confeccionada com liga tipo esférica, após serem submetidas a diferentes concentrações de peróxido de carbamida (PC) para clareamento caseiro. Métodos 40 AR foram confeccionadas em dentes bovinos classe I. Após a restauração, as amostras foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em 4 grupos (n = 10): C (grupo controle), CP10 (PC 10%) CP15 (PC 15%) CP20 (PC 20%) e seus tratamentos foram simulados por 14 dias, por 6 horas diárias. Os íons de mercúrio liberados foram medidos por espectroscopia de energia dispersiva de raios-X (EDS) e as mudanças de superfície foram avaliadas pelo Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura (MEV). Resultados A análise estatística demonstrou que o tratamento clareador resultou em uma liberação de íons mercúrio (p <0,05), embora nenhuma alteração visível tenha sido identificada nas micrografias quando compara-se o grupo C com os outros grupos (CP10, CP15, CP20). Conclusão Pode-se observar aumento da liberação de mercúrio durante o clareamento caseiro simulado.

12.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(9): e807-e813, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636873

RESUMEN

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of stress in complete fixed mandibular prostheses with infrastructures (IE) fabricated with different materials and techniques, under compressive force. Material and Methods: A model of an edentulous mandible, which received five 4x11 mm external hexagon implants between the mental foramens, was fabricated. The groups were divided into: Group I - IE in nickel-chromium with an acrylic resin occlusal coating; Group II - IE in nickel-chromium with a ceramic occlusal coating; Group III - IE milled in zirconia with a ceramic coating. For the photoelastic methodology, 70 N axial loads were applied in three regions. Photographic images were taken and analyzed according to the number of high-intensity fringes. For the strain gauge methodology, the measurement of stresses was performed in two distinct regions. The same compression tests described earlier were then performed. The registered stress values were grouped in tables and submitted to two-factor variance analysis (ANOVA) and the Tukey test with 5% significance. Results: The results of the two methodologies demonstrated smaller stress values for Group I, when compared to the other groups. Conclusions: It was possible to conclude that the complete fixed prostheses, with infrastructures cast in metal and acrylic occlusal coating, demonstrated better biomechanical results. Key words:Dental implants, mandibular prosthesis implantation, biomechanics.

13.
Arch. Health Invest ; 8(1): 6-12, jan. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-994966

RESUMEN

Para alcançar a estética em dentes anteriores deve-se ter conhecimento de diversas técnicas e principalmente fazer a escolha correta dos materiais. As cerâmicas odontológicas estão cada vez mais presentes nas restaurações, visto que possuem ótimas propriedades ópticas e mecânicas. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi proporcionar a estética em dentes anteriores com diferentes subtratos através de uma prótese fixa metal-free. Paciente do gênero masculino, 38 anos, procurou atendimento queixando-se da estética do seu sorriso. No exame clínico foi observada uma coroa total metalocerâmica no elemento 21 e facetas de resina composta nos elementos 11,12 e 22, todas com estética insatisfatória. O dente 21 apresentava um núcleo metálico fundido adequado e os dentes 12 e 22 com tratamentos endodônticos. Foi proposta a instalação de pinos de fibra de vidro nos dentes 12 e 22. Além, da confecção de coroas totais metais-free em dissilicato de lítio nos quatro incisivos superiores com o sistema e-max ceram. O resultado final estético e funcional foi aprovado pelo paciente e pelos profissionais envolvidos(AU)


To achieve aesthetics in anterior teeth one must be aware of several techniques and especially make the correct choice of materials. Dental ceramics are increasingly present in restorations, since they have excellent optical and mechanical properties. Thus, the objective of this study was to achieve esthetics in anterior teeth with different substrate through a fixed prosthesis metal-free. A male patient, 38 years old, sought care complaining about the aesthetics of his smile. In the clinical examination a total metaloceramic crown was observed in element 21 and composite resin facets in elements 11,12 and 22, all with unsatisfactory aesthetics. Tooth 21 had a suitable molten metal core and teeth 12 and 22 with endodontic treatments. It was proposed to install fiberglass pins on the teeth 12 and 22. In addition, from the manufacture of total metal-free crowns in lithium disilicate in the four upper incisors with the e-max system ceram. The final aesthetic and functional result was approved by the patient and the professionals involved(AU)


Para alcanzar la estética en dientes anteriores se debe tener conocimiento de diversas técnicas y principalmente hacer la elección correcta de los materiales. Las cerámicas dentales están cada vez más presentes en las restauraciones, ya que poseen óptimas propiedades ópticas y mecánicas. Así, el objetivo de este estudio fue proporcionar la estética en dientes anteriores con diferentes sustratos a través de una prótesis fija metal-free. Paciente del género masculino, 38 años, buscó atención quejándose de la estética de su sonrisa. En el examen clínico se observó una corona total metalocerámica en el elemento 21 y facetas de resina compuesta en los elementos 11,12 y 22, todas con estética insatisfactoria. El diente 21 presentaba un núcleo metálico fundido adecuado y los dientes 12 y 22 con tratamientos endodónticos. Se propuso la instalación de pines de fibra de vidrio en los dientes 12 y 22. Además, de la confección de coronas totales metales libres en disilicato de litio en los cuatro incisivos superiores con el sistema e-max ceram. El resultado final estético y funcional fue aprobado por el paciente y los profesionales involucrados(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Cerámica , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Rehabilitación Bucal , Sonrisa , Estética Dental
14.
Arch. Health Invest ; 8(1): 13-19, jan. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-994969

RESUMEN

Devido a evolução dos sistemas cerâmicos, atualmente, são permitidas inúmeras associações de materiais restauradores. Entretanto, mimetizar as características visuais das próteses livres de metal com próteses metalocerâmica permanece um desafio. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar o caso clínico de substituição de próteses desadaptadas, homogeneizando próteses parciais fixas livres de metal e metalocerâmicas dento e implantossuportadas, após cirurgia periodontal. O paciente de 55 anos, gênero masculino, compareceu à Clínica de Prótese Parcial Fixa, da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba ­ FOA/UNESP em 2017 queixando-se dos seus dentes anteriores estarem "feios" e com a "raiz aparecendo". No exame clínico foi constatada recessão gengival nos elementos 11 e 13, os quais continham uma prótese parcial fixa de três elementos metalocerâmicas desadaptada, prótese sobre implante nos elementos 21 e 22, que apresentavam-se desadaptadas e com estética desfavorável. No exame radiográfico pôde-se observar a presença de um núcleo metálico fundido nos elementos 11 e 13. Foi proposto, então, a confecção de coroas totais livres de metal nos elementos anteriores superiores (13, 12, 11, 21 e 23) e coroa metalocerâmica para o elemento 22. Para isso, foi realizado enceramento diagnóstico inicial e, após o consentimento do paciente, foi efetuada a remoção das próteses antigas. Com a remoção, visualizamos uma . depressão na vestibular do rebordo na área do 12 (ausente), solucionado com um enxerto gengival subepitelialApós a realização dos preparos dentários e moldagem com silicone de adição as peças foram confeccionadas com sistema e.max Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent). Após a prova estética e ajustes oclusais iniciais, as peças foram preparadas para cimentação resinosa com o sistema Variolink® N (Ivoclar Vivadent). O cimento transparente Conclui-se que, apesar da disparidade dos materiais, é possível mimetizá-los e foi selecionado previamente por meio de provas com o kit Try-In.oferecer resultados reabilitadores suficientemente estéticos e satisfatórios(AU)


Due to the evolution of ceramic systems, numerous associations of restorative materials are now permitted. However, mimicking the visual characteristics of metal-free prostheses with metal-ceramic dentures remains a challenge. Thus, the objective of this study was to report the clinical case of replacement of maladaptive dentures, homogenizing denture free and fixed metal partial dentures and implants supported after periodontal surgery. The patient, 55 years old, male, attended the Fixed Partial Prosthesis Clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry of Araçatuba - FOA / UNESP in 2017 complaining that his anterior teeth were "ugly" and with the "root appearing". In the clinical examination, gingival recession was observed in elements 11 and 13, which contained a fixed partial prosthesis of three maladaptive metal-ceramic elements, a prosthesis on implants in elements 21 and 22, the prostheses were maladapted and unfavorable esthetics. In the radiographic examination it is possible to observe the presence of a molten metal nucleus in elements 11 and 13. It was proposed, then, the manufacture of free metal crowns in the upper anterior elements (13, 12, 11, 21 and 23) and crown PFM for the element 22. For this, it performed waxing initial diagnosis and after the patient's consent, the removal of the old prosthesis were performed. Upon removal, a depression visualize the buccal flange in the area 12 (absent), solved with a subepithelial gum graft. After the dental preparations and molding with silicone of addition the pieces were made with e.max Ceram system (Ivoclar Vivadent). After the initial test and aesthetic occlusal adjustments, the pieces were prepared for cementing with resin Variolink® N system (Ivoclar Vivadent). The clear cement was previously selected by the test realized with Try-In kit. We conclude that, despite the disparity of materials, it is possible to mimic them and offer rehabilitative results sufficiently aesthetic and satisfactory(AU)


Debido a la evolución de los sistemas cerámicos, actualmente, se permiten numerosas asociaciones de materiales restauradores. Sin embargo, mimetizar las características visuales de las prótesis libres de metal con prótesis metalocerámicas sigue siendo un desafío. Así, el objetivo de este trabajo fue relatar el caso clínico de sustitución de prótesis desadaptadas, homogeneizando prótesis parciales fijas libres de metal y metalocerámicas dento e implantosuportadas, después de cirugía periodontal. El paciente de 55 años, género masculino, asistió a la Clínica de Prótesis Parcial Fija, de la Facultad de Odontología de Araçatuba - FOA / UNESP en 2017 quejándose de sus dientes anteriores estar "feos" y con la "raíz apareciendo". En el examen clínico se constató recesión gingival en los elementos 11 y 13, los cuales contenían una prótesis parcial fija de tres elementos metalocerámicos desadaptados, prótesis sobre implante en los elementos 21 y 22, las prótesis se presentaban desadaptadas y con estética desfavorable. En el examen radiográfico se puede observar la presencia de un núcleo metálico fundido en los elementos 11 y 13. Se propuso entonces la confección de coronas totales de metal en los elementos anteriores superiores (13, 12, 11, 21 y 23) y corona metalocerámica para el elemento 22. Para ello, se realizó el encerado diagnóstico inicial y, tras el consentimiento del paciente, se efectuó la remoción de las prótesis antiguas. Con la remoción, visualizamos una depresión en la vestibular del borde en el área del 12 (ausente), solucionado con un injerto gingival subepitelial. Después de la realización de los preparados dentales y moldeo con silicona de adición las piezas fueron confeccionadas con sistema e.max Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent). Después de la prueba estética y ajustes oclusales iniciales, las piezas fueron preparadas para cementación resinosa con el sistema Variolink® N (Ivoclar Vivadent). El cemento transparente fue seleccionado previamente por medio de pruebas con el kit Try-In. Se concluye que, a pesar de la disparidad de los materiales, es posible mimetizarlos y ofrecer resultados rehabilitadores suficientemente estéticos y satisfactorios(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cerámica , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Dentadura Parcial Fija , Implantes Dentales , Estética Dental , Rehabilitación Bucal
15.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 39(2): 17-21, maio/ago. 2018. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-913464

RESUMEN

Cirurgias de ressecção parcial ou total da maxila em pacientes oncológicos geram comprometimento funcional e estético, alterando a deglutição, mastigação, fonética e aspiração, diminuindo a qualidade de vida do paciente. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a reabilitação oral de um paciente com prótese total maxilar estendida e uma prótese total mandibular convencional. Tal paciente havia sido submetido à uma cirurgia de ressecção parcial do rebordo alveolar maxilar, sem comunicação bucossinusal, por ser portador de Carcinoma espinocelular grau I. Paciente do sexo masculino, 69 anos, procurou atendimento no Centro de Oncologia Bucal da FOA ­ UNESP, para confecção de suas próteses, após dois anos da realização de sua cirurgia. Foi observado declínio do suporte labial no local onde havia sido feita a ressecção cirúrgica gerando comprometimento estético e funcional ao paciente. Desta forma, foi proposta a realização de confecção de prótese total maxilar estendida e prótese inferior convencional, as quais foram instaladas e ajustadas adequadamente. Após 1 ano de acompanhamento, paciente encontra-se satisfeito com o tratamento, o qual devolveu sua estética, função e fonética(AU)


Surgeries of partial or total resection of the maxilla in oncological patients generate functional and aesthetic impairment, altering swallowing, chewing, phonetics and aspiration, reducing the quality of life of the patient. Thus, the objective of this study was to describe the oral rehabilitation of a patient with maxillary total prosthesis and a conventional mandibular total prosthesis. This patient had undergone surgery of partial resection of the maxillary alveolar ridge, without bucosinusal communication, for being a carrier of grade I squamous cell carcinoma. A 69-year-old male patient sought care at the Oral Oncology Center of FOA - UNESP, for denture after two years of surgery. Decreased lip support was observed in the place where surgical resection had been performed, generating aesthetic and functional impairment to the patient. In this way, it was proposed to make a complete maxillary full prosthesis and conventional lower prosthesis, which were installed and adjusted properly. After 1 year of follow-up, the patient was satisfied with the treatment, which returned his aesthetics, function and phonetics(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Anciano , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Prótesis Dental , Maxilar/cirugía , Prótesis Maxilofacial , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Calidad de Vida
16.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 39(1): 21-27, Jan.-Abr. 2018. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-910430

RESUMEN

O uso de facetas cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio é uma excelente opção para a correção estética e funcional de dentes com alteração de formato, como o causado por desgaste dental acentuado, pois esse material apresenta características mecânicas e ópticas adequadas. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os procedimentos de reabilitação com facetas cerâmicas de um paciente jovem com desgaste dental acentuado. Paciente do gênero masculino, 26 anos, buscou atendimento devido à cor insatisfatória dos seus dentes. Durante a anamnese, paciente relatou não ranger ou apertar os dentes, contudo afirmou elevado consumo de alimentos ácidos e uso de força excessiva durante a escovação dental. Durante o exame clínico, foi observado desgaste dental acentuado na face vestibular dos dentes maxilares e leve na superfície oclusal dos dentes posteriores. Foi proposta a instalação de facetas cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio dos elementos 15 ao 25 e de placa interceptora. O resultado da reabilitação foi satisfatório para o paciente devido ao reestabelecimento da estética, função e auto-estima(AU)


The use of ceramic facets of lithium disilicate is an excellent option for the aesthetic and functional correction of teeth with alteration of shape, such as that caused by accentuated dental wear, since this material presents adequate mechanical and optical characteristics. Thus, the objective of this study was to describe the rehabilitation procedures with ceramic facets of a young patient with marked dental wear. A male patient, 26 years old, sought care due to the unsatisfactory color of his teeth. During the anamnesis, patient reported no grinding or grinding of teeth, however, he stated high consumption of acidic foods and excessive force during dental brushing. During the clinical examination, sharp dental wear was observed on the buccal face of the maxillary teeth and light on the occlusal surface of the posterior teeth. It was proposed the installation of ceramic facets of lithium disilicate of elements 15 to 25 and of interceptor plate. The result of the rehabilitation was satisfactory for the patient due to the reestablishment of aesthetics, function and self-esteem(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Coronas con Frente Estético , Desgaste de los Dientes , Cerámica , Estética Dental , Rehabilitación Bucal
17.
J Prosthet Dent ; 119(3): 397-403, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28689901

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The properties, such as softness and viscoelasticity, of a resinous reliner can deteriorate and extrinsic elements can become incorporated, making surface protection of the reliner material essential. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of low temperature plasma on Coe-Soft resinous reliner, submitted to aging in artificial saliva for up to 180 days. Sorption, solubility, Shore A hardness, surface energy, and topographic characteristics were analyzed by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four specimens were fabricated and distributed in 2 groups: nonplasma reliner (control group) and reliner with plasma (plasma group). The plasma was applied with a mixture of 70% hexamethyldisiloxane, 20% O, and 10% Ar. Total work pressure was maintained at a constant 20 Pa for 30 minutes of deposition. The specimens were analyzed before and after aging in an incubator with immersion in artificial saliva for 30, 90, and 180 days. The quantitative data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey test (α=.05), while qualitative data were compared visually. RESULTS: The control group presented lower Shore A hardness values only in the initial period, and surface energy increased with aging for both groups until 90 days. Greater sorption percentage values were encountered at 180 days in the plasma group. Greater solubility values were encountered in the control group in all periods. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma is an option for the protection of the material studied because the deposited film remained on the surface of the reliner material after aging.


Asunto(s)
Alineadores Dentales , Ensayo de Materiales , Gases em Plasma/química , Dureza , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Saliva Artificial , Siloxanos , Espectrometría por Rayos X
18.
J Prosthodont ; 27(7): 624-635, 2018 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29235205

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to evaluate surface treatment in yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramic (Y-TZP) on the shear bond strength (SBS) values between Y-TZP (core ceramic) and veneer ceramic, compared to untreated specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review was registered at PROSPERO platform under the number CRD42016036493. The systematic review of the extracted publications was performed to compare the effect of surface treatment on SBS between Y-TZP ceramic and veneering ceramic. A comprehensive review of the literature from the earliest available dates through January 2017 was performed in the PubMed/Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies were identified for the inclusion of data, with only in vitro studies. A random-effect model found statistically significant differences between untreated and treated surfaces of Y-TZP (p < 0.00001; MD: 2.84; 95% CI: 2.19 to 3.49). In another analysis, a random-effect model found statistically significant differences between the groups that only performed the associations of treatments and control group (p < 0.00001; MD: 3.19; 95% CI: 2.11 to 4.28). CONCLUSIONS: Surface treatment in Y-TZP improved the values of SBS between the Y-TZP and veneer ceramic. The associations between two or more treatments also showed positive effect on the bond strength due the cumulative effect of the treatments.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica/química , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Coronas con Frente Estético , Itrio/química , Circonio/química , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
19.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 38(2): 32-35, maio-ago. 2017. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-876084

RESUMEN

A busca por restaurações protéticas suportadas por implantes está aumentando cada vez mais na odontologia, e é uma parte importante do tratamento reabilitador, principalmente em regiões estéticas. Desta forma, o objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o caso clínico de um paciente reabilitado com implante e posterior instalação de prótese provisória em região anterior de maxila, reestabelecendo sua estética, fonética e função. Paciente do sexo masculino procurou atendimento devido à fratura do elemento 2.2. Ao exame clínico, foi observada raiz residual desse elemento. Então, foi proposto ao paciente a exodontia da raiz residual, instalação de implante imediato e posterior instalação de prótese provisória. Após seis meses de acompanhamento, o paciente encontra-se satisfeito com a aparência clínica dos tecidos periodontais adjacentes, sendo então iniciado o tratamento reabilitador protético com a prótese definitiva(AU)


The search for implant-supported prosthetic restorations is increasing in dentistry, and is an important topic of the rehabilitation treatment, especially in esthetic regions. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe a clinical case of a patient rehabilitated with implant and later with provisional prosthesis in the maxilla anterior region, reestablishing esthetics, phonetics and function. A male patient sought the Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics of the Faculty of Dentistry of Aracatuba/UNESP due to a fracture of the left lateral incisor. During the clinical exam, a residual tooth root was observed. Then, the extraction of the residual root was proposed, followed by the installation of an immediate implant and subsequent installation of provisional prosthesis. After six months of follow-up, the patient was satisfied with the clinical appearance of the adjacent periodontal tissues and started the prosthetic treatment with the definitive prosthesis(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Implantes Dentales , Dentadura Parcial Provisoria , Rehabilitación Bucal
20.
J Prosthet Dent ; 118(3): 430-436, 2017 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28222886

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The stability of the optical characteristics of dental ceramics is essential. Degradation of these materials resulting from pH or temperature alterations in the oral cavity can lead to treatment failure. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the color change (ΔE), the L* coordinate, the translucency parameter, and the contrast ratio of lithium disilicate ceramic exposed to commonly used and potentially colorant solutions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty lithium disilicate specimens were prepared and divided into 5 groups according to the immersion solution (artificial saliva, orange juice, cola, coffee, and red wine). Immersions in acidic beverages were alternated in a thermocycler with artificial saliva. The control group was immersed in artificial saliva at 37°C throughout the immersion period. After 168 hours of immersion, the color parameters were assessed with a spectrophotometer and calculated using the because system on 2 backgrounds (black and white) and in 2 time periods, before thermocycling and after thermocycling. Data were submitted to analysis of variance followed by the Tukey honest significant difference test (α=.05). RESULTS: Greater color change (ΔE) and lower L* coordinate values were observed after immersion in orange juice and cola. Regarding the translucency parameter and contrast ratio, the immersion in coffee resulted in greater opacity and lower translucency of the material. CONCLUSIONS: Alterations in the color stainability, the L* coordinate values, the translucency parameter, and the contrast ratio of the lithium disilicate ceramic were observed, according to the acidic solutions tested.


Asunto(s)
Porcelana Dental/química , Bebidas , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales/métodos , Saliva Artificial , Espectrofotometría , Propiedades de Superficie
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