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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687555

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The mechanical disruption and removal of the subgingival biofilm represent the most important step in the treatment of periodontitis. However, in deep periodontal pockets, mechanical removal of the subgingival biofilm is difficult and frequently incomplete. Preliminary findings indicate that the use of amino acid buffered sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) gel may chemically destroy the bacterial biofilm and facilitate its mechanical removal. OBJECTIVES: To clinically evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive nonsurgical therapy (MINST) of periodontal pockets with or without local application of an amino acid buffered sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) gel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty untreated patients diagnosed with severe/advanced periodontitis (i.e. stage III/IV) with a slow/moderate rate of progression (i.e. grade A/B) were randomly allocated in two treatment groups. In the test group, the periodontal pockets were treated by means of MINST and NaOCl gel application, while in the control group, treatment consisted of MINST alone. Full-mouth plaque scores (FMPS), full-mouth bleeding scores (FMBS), probing depths (PD), clinical attachment levels (CAL) and gingival recessions (GR) were assessed at baseline and at 6 months following therapy. The primary outcome variable was PD reduction at sites with PD ≥ 5 mm at baseline. RESULTS: At 6 months, statistically significant differences between the two groups were found (p = 0.001) in terms of PD and CAL change. No statistically significant differences were found in terms of GR (p = 0.81). The number of sites with PD ≥ 5 mm and BOP (+) decreased statistically significantly (p = 0.001), i.e. from 85.3 to 2.2% in the test group and from 81.6 to 7.3% in the control group, respectively. Statistically significant differences between test and control groups were recorded at 6 months (p = 0.001). MINST + NaOCl compared to MINST alone decreased statistically significantly (p = 0.001) the probability of residual PDs ≥ 5 mm with BOP- (14.5% vs 18.3%) and BOP+ (2.2% vs. 7.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Within their limits, the present results indicate that (a) the use of MINST may represent a clinically valuable approach for nonsurgical therapy and (b) the application of NaOCl gel in conjunction with MINST may additionally improve the clinical outcomes compared to the use of MINST alone. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In patients with untreated periodontitis, treatment of deep pockets by means of MINST in conjunction with a NaOCl gel may represent a valuable approach to additionally improve the clinical outcomes obtained with MINST alone.

2.
Life (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050268

RESUMEN

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common secondary solid malignancy after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). OSCC following HSCT is frequently preceded by chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). The aim of this study was to describe a cohort of post-HSCT patients and to evaluate the onset of oral epithelial dysplasia and/or OSCC over time. In this retrospective cohort study, we present a cohort of hematological patients that underwent HSCT. Demographic variables, clinical hematological data, data regarding acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and cGVHD, and oral clinical features were analyzed. We focused on clinicopathological features of a subgroup of 22 patients with oral cGVHD and OSCC after HSCT. Among 80 included patients, 46 patients (57.5%) developed aGVHD and 39 patients (48.7%) developed cGVHD. Oral mucosa was involved in 17 patients with aGVHD (36.9%) and in 22 patients (56.4%) with cGVHD. Out of a total of 22 oral biopsies, roughly 40% revealed mild to moderate dysplasia, and 32% were OSCC. In the absence of international agreement on the best timing of oral follow-up after HSCT, it is mandatory to establish a close multidisciplinary evaluation in order to prevent the onset of HSCT-related OSCC and to reduce post-transplant mortality due to secondary tumors.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562077

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare the healing of suprabony defects following treatment with either open flap debridement (OFD) and application of an enamel matrix derivative (EMD) with OFD alone. METHODS: Eighty patients with suprabony periodontal defects were randomly assigned to treatment with OFD + EMD (test) or OFD alone (control). The primary outcome variable was the difference in clinical attachment level (CAL) gain. At baseline and after 12 months, full-mouth plaque scores (FMPS), full-mouth bleeding scores (FMBS), probing depths (PD), gingival recessions (GR), and CAL were recorded. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients were available for the 12-month follow-up examination. At 12 months, the mean FMPS was 21.9 ± 3.0% in the OFD + EMD and 21.1 ± 2.4% in the OFD group, respectively (p = 0.30), while mean FMBS measured 20.4 ± 3.4% in the OFD + EMD group and 19.9 ± 2.9% in the OFD group (p = 0.48). Mean CAL gain at sites treated with OFD + EMD was statistically significantly different (p = 0.0001) compared with sites treated with OFD alone (3.4 ± 0.6 mm vs 1.8 ± 0.6 mm). A statistically significant difference (p = 0.0001) was found between mean PD change in the OFD + EMD (3.9 ± 0.6 mm) and OFD alone (3.2 ± 0.6 mm) treated groups and also in terms of mean GR change between treatment with OFD + EMD (0.5 ± 0.7 mm) and OFD alone (1.4 ± 1.0 mm) (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Within their limits, the present results indicate that in suprabony periodontal defects, the application of EMD in conjunction with OFD may additionally improve the clinical outcomes compared with OFD alone. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In periodontal suprabony defects, the application of EMD in conjunction with OFD may additionally enhance the clinical outcomes in terms of CAL gain and PD reduction.

4.
J Anesth ; 34(3): 472-475, 2020 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232662

RESUMEN

The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the pericapsular nerve group block and local infiltration analgesia (LIA) combination as the only anesthesia technique for the total hip arthroplasty (THA). We considered the anesthetic plan, postoperative analgesia, hospital length of stay, functional recovery, bleeding, complications and the adverse events. We reported 10 ASA I-II patients admitted for elective primary THA, receiving LIA during (5) and at the end of surgery (5). For the PENG block we used a single injection of 40 ml levobupivacaine 0.25% and dexamethasone 4 mg. For LIA, a mixture of 0.25% levobupivacaine, ketorolac, epinephrine, and morphine was injected into periarticular tissues. The pain intensity was evaluated with a numeric rating scale. All patients were fully satisfied and improvement in pain relief, symptoms, and functional activity was remarkable. Intraoperative blood losses ranged 100-600 ml. No intraoperative complications or signs of toxicity occurred. The median duration of surgery was 59.5 ± 4.5 min and the hospital stay ranged between 2 and 3 days. PENG block and LIA could be hypothesized as an effective and safety anesthesia technique for the THA surgery, facilitating hip functional recovery and limit intraoperative blood losses and adverse events.


Asunto(s)
Analgesia , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Anestesia Local , Anestésicos Locales , Humanos , Ketorolaco , Manejo del Dolor , Dolor Postoperatorio/tratamiento farmacológico
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231082

RESUMEN

Peri-implant soft tissues play a role of paramount importance, not only on the esthetic appearance, but also on the maintenance and long-term stability of implants. The present report presents the conclusions from the Consensus Conference of the South European North African Middle Eastern Implantology & Modern Dentistry Association (SENAME) (4-6 November 2016, Cairo, Egypt). The conference focused on the topic of the soft tissue around dental implants, and in particular, on the influence of implant configurations on the marginal soft tissues, soft tissue alterations after immediate, early or delayed implant placement and immediate loading, the long-term outcomes of soft tissue stability around dental implants, and soft tissue augmentation around dental implants. Thirty world experts in this field were invited to take part in this two-day event; however, only 29 experts were in the final consensus voting process.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Mucosa Bucal , Consenso , Egipto , Humanos
6.
Aust Endod J ; 46(2): 204-209, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846169

RESUMEN

This study investigated the effect of ultrasonic activation of intracanal-heated sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on its dentinal tubular penetration and root canal cleanliness in vitro. In experiment 1, mandibular premolars were randomly allocated to three groups (n = 8): group A, ultrasonic activation; group B, ultrasonic activation of intracanal-heated NaOCl and group C, syringe-and-needle irrigation. Penetration of the fluorescent-labelled NaOCl was investigated using light microscopy. In experiment 2, mandibular premolars were randomly allocated to group B or C (n = 10), for histological analysis of the remaining pulp tissue and debris. Data were statistically analysed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (P = 0.05). The highest penetration of NaOCl was observed in group B, followed by group A (P < 0.05). Group B showed significantly less amount of debris than group C (P < 0.05). Dentinal tubule penetration of NaOCl and root canal cleanliness were significantly improved by ultrasonic activation of intracanal-heated NaOCl.


Asunto(s)
Irrigantes del Conducto Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sodio , Cavidad Pulpar , Dentina , Preparación del Conducto Radicular , Irrigación Terapéutica , Ultrasonido
7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(6): 1971-1979, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432311

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of adjunctive delivery of a sodium hypochlorite gel in the treatment of peri-implant mucositis (PM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six subjects with 68 implants diagnosed with PM were randomly assigned to two treatment groups. Prior to mechanical debridement, a sodium hypochlorite gel was delivered to the implants of the test group while implants of the control group received a placebo gel. Application of both test and placebo gels was repeated 5 times at baseline. The primary outcome variable was the change in pocket probing depth (PPD) between baseline and 6 months. RESULTS: After 6 months, the mean PPD decreased statistically significantly from 3.93 ± 1.09 mm to 3.04 ± 0.46 mm in the test (p = 0.0001) and from 3.68 ± 0.85 mm to 3.07 ± 0.58 mm in the control (p = 0.0001) group, respectively. No statistically significant difference (p = 0.53) was observed with respect to PPD changes from baseline to 6 months between test (0.88 ± 1.04 mm) and control group (0.61 ± 0.75 mm), respectively. The number of implants with bleeding on probing (BoP) decreased statistically significantly from 33 to 18 in the test group (p = 0.0001) and from 34 to 23 in the control group (p = 0.0001) after 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion and within the limits of the present study, changes in PPD from baseline to 6 months were not statistically significantly different between groups. Complete resolution of mucosal inflammation was not achieved with either of the therapies. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The present outcomes have showed that a complete resolution of peri-implant mucositis is not possible to obtain by means mechanical debridement with or without a sodium hypochlorite gel application.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Mucositis , Periimplantitis , Hipoclorito de Sodio , Estomatitis , Geles , Humanos , Mucositis/tratamiento farmacológico , Mucositis/etiología , Periimplantitis/complicaciones , Periimplantitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Índice Periodontal , Hipoclorito de Sodio/uso terapéutico , Estomatitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(2): 1013-1023, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286260

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess dimensional changes following alveolar ridge preservation using bovine-derived xenograft with 10% collagen and collagen membrane compared to ridge preservation by means of bovine-derived xenograft particles and collagen membrane or spontaneous healing in posterior sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty subjects with 40 posterior teeth or roots candidate to extraction and presenting integrity of alveolar bone walls were randomly allocated into three groups. Patients of test group were treated by ridge preservation technique using bovine-derived xenograft with 10% collagen and collagen membrane; patients of control group 1 were treated by means of bovine-derived xenograft particles and collagen membrane while in patients of control group 2, no grafting was performed. Changes in vertical and horizontal bone dimensions were compared at baseline and after 6-month observation time. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences between baseline and 6 month were observed in all groups in terms of vertical and horizontal bone resorption (p < 0.001), except for vertical resorption in control group 2. After 6-month intergroup comparisons showed not statistically significant changes between test and control groups in terms of alveolar bone changes (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of this study, the sites grafted using bovine-derived xenograft with 10% collagen in combination with a collagen membrane showed no statistical differences in terms of vertical and horizontal bone resorption compared to control groups. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Ridge preservation in posterior area failed to show clinically relevant benefits in sites presenting integrity of alveolar bone walls and adequate buccal bone wall thickness.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Proceso Alveolar , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Animales , Bovinos , Colágeno , Xenoinjertos , Humanos , Extracción Dental , Alveolo Dental
9.
Quintessence Int ; 51(1): 28-36, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463483

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the stability of soft tissues around implants by comparing mucosal recessions in patients with keratinized mucosa (test) with patients without keratinized mucosa (control) around osseointegrated dental implants. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The PICO criteria used were as follows: Population, patients with osseointegrated dental implants; Intervention/exposure, presence of a keratinized mucosa; Comparison/control, absence of keratinized mucosa; Outcome, presence or absence of peri-implant mucosal recessions (mm). DATA SOURCES: An electronic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Oral Health Group specialist trials supplemented by manual searching was conducted to identify studies reporting outcomes of at least 5 years on the presence of mucosal recessions at implants with or without attached mucosa. Mucosal recession (MR) was set as primary outcome. Prospective cohort studies published in English language up to October 2018, with a mean follow-up period of at least 5 years, reporting keratinized tissue height ≥ 2 mm and < 2 mm or presence/absence of keratinized tissue, with fixed implant-supported prostheses. The homogeneity of studies was assessed by DerSimonian and Laird test (Q test). The differences in terms of gingival recession around implants reported between test groups (keratinized mucosa ≥ 2 mm) and control (keratinized mucosa < 2 mm or no keratinized mucosa) were compared. Two studies reporting 201 patients with 514 tissue level implants were selected for the final analysis. RESULTS: Due to the high heterogeneity between the selected studies, no statistical test could be performed. However, in both studies a deeper mucosal recession occurred when keratinized mucosa was < 2 mm: 0.61 ± 0.10 (-0.90; -0.32) and -1.92 ± 0.12 (-2.16; -1.68), respectively. CONCLUSION: Within their limitations, the findings indicate that after a mean observation period of at least 5 years, the presence of keratinized mucosa may lead to less mucosal recession at dental implants.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Recesión Gingival , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Encía , Humanos , Membrana Mucosa , Estudios Prospectivos
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226192

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to assess the healing of periodontal intrabony defects treated using enamel matrix derivative (EMD) after at least 5 years of follow-up. Six patients with seven intrabony defects were included in the study. Treatment with EMD yielded a mean clinical attachment level gain of 4.3 ± 2.4 mm, a mean probing depth reduction of 4.7 ± 2.1 mm, and a mean gingival recession increase of 0.7 ± 1.8 mm. Reentry measurements showed a complete resolution of the intrabony defect in five cases, while in two cases a residual intrabony component was recorded. The present study indicates that treatment using EMD provided good clinical outcomes maintained in most cases over a period of at least 5 years.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Proteínas del Esmalte Dental , Recesión Gingival , Estudios de Seguimiento , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal , Humanos , Pérdida de la Inserción Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(4): e356-e359, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817516

RESUMEN

A common complication of tooth replantation after traumatic avulsion is tooth ankylosis causing dental malpositioning, partial loss of function, tipping of adjacent teeth and worsening of aesthetics. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of a repositioning procedure of such ankylosed permanent front teeth by a distraction osteogenesis procedure. Five patients (mean age 13.4 years), with an ankylosed permanent front tooth in the anterior area, were enrolled in the present study. After the pre-operatory orthodontic preparation, each selected site was treated with single-tooth dento-alveolar block osteotomy surgery performed with a piezoelectric surgery device with ultrasonic cuts on the buccal side. Subsequently, a custom distraction device, made by a resin splint and a sector expansion screw, was set in such a way it delivered a force with direction and sense towards the planned position of the tooth as well as the osteotomy's incision. After a latency period of 14 days, the distraction of the dento-alveolar block was started with a rate of distraction of 0.8 mm per day. The average shift obtained by the ankylosed teeth was 7.8 ±â€Š0.75 mm (±SD), and the ankylosed tooth was regularly positioned into the occlusion in 20.4 ±â€Š1.85 days (±SD), with a slight relapse (±0.5 mm) observed after 1 year. This study indicates that a therapeutic approach combining piezoelectric surgery and orthodontic therapy may be useful for the treatment of ankylosed permanent teeth in the frontal area with a long-term follow-up over 5 years.


Asunto(s)
Osteogénesis por Distracción/métodos , Anquilosis del Diente/cirugía , Adolescente , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento
12.
J Conserv Dent ; 21(2): 175-179, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29674820

RESUMEN

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate in vitro, using artificial lateral canals, the rate of dissolution of the pulp tissue through different protocols of canal irrigation. Materials and Methods: One hundred artificial canals provided with lateral canals have been used. Each lateral canal was filled with pulp tissue and calibrated to 0.002 mg. All canals were irrigated using five different protocols. Five groups have been used for the experiment: Group A, distilled water (control); Group B, preheated NaOCl; Group C, NaOCl heated inside the canal; Group D, NaOCl ultrasonically activated; and Group E, NaOCl heated inside the canal with ultrasonic activation. All samples were weighed through professional microbalance in three different phases: before insertion of the pulp tissue into the lateral canal, after insertion of the pulp tissue and, finally, after different protocols of irrigation. A statistical analysis with Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test was performed. Results: The partial dissolution of the pulp tissue inside the artificial lateral canal occurs only using the protocol with NaOCl heated inside the canal with ultrasonic activation. Other irrigation protocols are not able to dissolve the pulp tissue. Discussion and Conclusions: The main objective of endodontic therapy is the removal of damaged tissues and bacteria. Modern literature highlights that it is impossible to remove all the pulp tissues and bacteria from the whole endodontic space. Hence, to achieve excellence and get positive results in the short and long term, it is necessary to use techniques and technologies that may increase the degree of root canal detersion.

13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(2): 597-615, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29332231

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The most debated topic about medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) is its therapy, as there are no definitive guidelines. The aims of this systematic review were (a) to outline the best therapeutic approach according to the stage at diagnosis and (b) to perform a meta-analysis to assess whether the drug-holiday protocol may be or not an effective method in the management of MRONJ patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The systematic review was performed following the PRISMA principles. Results were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria regarding staging before/after treatment, follow-up, and information provided by the authors. For statistical analysis, linear variables are reported as means and standard deviations, medians, and inter-quartile range (IQR); normality of data, according to the distribution of complete healing (primary outcome variable), was assessed with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for all tests. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were selected out of 1480. None of them was case-controlled or randomized. Conservative approach showed good results at early stages, but heterogeneous result at advanced stages (100% stage 0, stage I range 81-97%, stage II range 63.6-100%, stage III 73%). Surgical approach showed heterogeneous results at all stages (stage I range 0-100%, stage II range 52-100%, stage III range 50-100%). Statistical analysis showed a significantly higher prevalence of completely healed sites in patients who followed the drug-holiday protocol. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the current stage-specific approach for MRONJ therapy is based on a sound clinical rationale. Conservative treatment appears to yield better outcomes at early stages, while further investigations are needed to elucidate the best protocols for the management of advanced stages. The drug-holiday protocol statistically promotes complete healing after oral surgery procedures but the application should be dictated by the condition of each patient. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: At present, early MRONJ stages should be primarily treated by means of a conservative approach while more advanced stages must be carefully evaluated. Individual decisions should be made for every single case even with respect to the drug-holiday protocol.


Asunto(s)
Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/prevención & control , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea/administración & dosificación , Difosfonatos/administración & dosificación , Privación de Tratamiento , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/etiología , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea/efectos adversos , Difosfonatos/efectos adversos , Humanos , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto
14.
Quintessence Int ; 49(1): 69-77, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29114647

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate the periodontal tissue inflammation indexes in patients undergoing different orthodontic treatment. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The Cochrane Oral Health Group specialist trials, Medline, and Embase databases were used for the research. All the included studies had to report bleeding on probing (BOP) depth as primary outcome. Changes in probing depth, clinical attachment level, Gingival Index, and Periodontal Index were included in the review as secondary outcome measurements. RESULTS: Ten studies reporting on 421 patients and different types of orthodontic treatment were selected for the analysis. Owing to the heterogeneity of studies present in the literature, it was not possible to perform a meta-analysis. CONCLUSION: Within their limits, the results showed an increase of periodontal parameters after orthodontic treatment, indicating that it influences the accumulation and composition of the subgingival microbiota and subsequently induces more inflammation and higher BOP.


Asunto(s)
Ortodoncia/métodos , Periodontitis/etiología , Biopelículas , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Periodontitis/microbiología
15.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent ; 37(5): e290-e296, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28817143

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical remodeling of the alveolar socket following the application of bovine-derived xenograft collagen and collagen membrane compared to natural spontaneous healing during the first 6 months following tooth extraction. A total of 20 patients with 20 fresh alveolar sockets were randomly allocated into a test or control group. After a 6-month follow-up period, surgical reentry was performed and implants were placed. Significant statistical differences were recorded in terms of vertical and horizontal bone changes between the test and control groups. Within the limitations of this study, socket preservation procedures may provide more favorable conditions for subsequent implant placement.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Sustitutos de Huesos/uso terapéutico , Colágeno/uso terapéutico , Extracción Dental/efectos adversos , Alveolo Dental/cirugía , Adulto , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Animales , Desarrollo Óseo , Bovinos , Implantación Dental Endoósea/métodos , Femenino , Xenoinjertos , Humanos , Masculino , Extracción Dental/métodos
16.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 28(7): e16-e20, 2017 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27283010

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate surface roughness alterations at the smooth neck of dental implants after the use of eight different prophylactic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 tissue level implants (Institut Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) were used for the present investigation. The smooth collar of each implant was divided into two segments, each treated with one of eight cleaning procedures: use of a rubber cup (RCZ) or a brush (BZ) combined with an abrasive paste containing zirconium or a paste derived from perlite (RCP, BP); use of 2 composite resin burs reinforced by zirconium glass fibers (F1, F2); and use of an air-polishing system with glycine powder and two power settings (AP1, AP2). The qualitative alterations were recorded by means of a laser profilometer and the mean roughness (Ra ) and mean roughness profile depth (Rz ) were reported. Twenty untreated surfaces were used as controls. RESULTS: The implant collars treated with RCZ (Ra  = 0.33 µm, Rz  = 2.43 µm) or BZ (Ra  = 0.30 µm, Rz  = 3.70 µm) yielded the highest roughness values, followed by the surfaces treated with RCP (Ra  = 0.28 µm, Rz  = 2.02 µm), with BP (Ra  = 0.25 µm, Rz  = 2.16 µm) and by the use of F1 (Ra  = 0.27 µm, Rz  = 2.22 µm) and F2 (Ra  = 0.27 µm, Rz  = 2.04 µm). The lowest roughness values were observed in the AP1 (Ra  = 0.23 µm, Rz  = 1.60 µm) and AP2 (Ra  = 0.16 µm, Rz  = 1.06 µm) group, respectively. Implant collars treated with AP2 yielded statistically significantly lower (P = 0.01) Rz values compared with untreated surfaces. CONCLUSION: All tested procedures did not increase implant surface roughness significantly. Treatment with an air-powder abrasive system at high-pressure setting resulted in a smoothening of the implant collar surface.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Pulido Dental/métodos , Óxido de Aluminio/química , Resinas Compuestas/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Ensayo de Materiales , Dióxido de Silicio/química , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio/química
17.
Implant Dent ; 26(1): 54-58, 2017 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27749520

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to compare satisfaction of patients rehabilitated with full-mouth fixed prostheses using computer-aided flapless implant placement and immediate loading with patients rehabilitated with conventional removable prostheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 30 consecutive fully edentulous patients who received 312 implants and 30 matched controls treated with conventional removable prostheses. Mandible and maxilla were treated in the same surgical session with computer-guided flapless approach using NobelGuide protocol. Prefabricated screw-retained fixed prostheses were inserted at the end of surgery. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were assessed at 6, 12, and 36 months. At baseline and 5 years after prostheses delivery, patients answered OHIP-EDENT questionnaire (Oral Health Impact Profile for Edentulous subjects) to assess satisfaction. RESULTS: The implant survival rate was 97.9%, whereas the average marginal bone loss was 1.9 ± 1.3 mm after 3 years. At 6 months, patients showed significantly greater satisfaction with their fixed rehabilitation as compared to conventional dentures. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study confirm that rehabilitation with a prefabricated fixed prosthesis supported by implants placed with NobelGuide protocol significantly increases the quality of life in fully edentulous patients when compared with complete dentures.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Completa , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental/métodos , Boca Edéntula/cirugía , Retención de Prótesis Dentales/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Boca Edéntula/rehabilitación , Boca Edéntula/terapia , Satisfacción del Paciente , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Braz Dent J ; 27(2): 208-16, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27058386

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of concentration, exposure time and temperature of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) added with surfactants on its penetration into dentinal tubules. Sixty-five extracted human permanent maxillary anterior teeth with single canals were prepared by ProTaper SX hand-operated instruments. The teeth were then sectioned perpendicular to the long axis. The crowns and apical thirds of all the teeth were removed. The remaining roots were processed into 4-mm-long blocks and stained overnight in crystal violet. One hundred and thirty stained blocks were further split into halves and treated by nine different types of NaOCl-based solutions. Three solutions were added with surfactants (Hypoclean, H6, Chlor-Xtra) and the others were regular hypochlorites at increasing concentrations (1%, 2%, 4%, 5.25%, <6%, 6% NaOCl) from different brands. The dentin blocks were exposed to the solutions for 2, 5, and 20 min at 20 °C, 37 °C and 45 °C, respectively. The depth of NaOCl penetration was determined by bleaching of the stain and measured by light microscopy at 20x and 40x. Statistical comparisons were made by using a generalized linear model with Bonferroni's post-hoc correction. The shortest penetration (81±6.6 µm) was obtained after incubation in 1% NaOCl for 2 min at 20 °C; the highest penetration (376.3±3.8 µm) was obtained with Chlor-Xtra for 20 min at 45 °C. Varying NaOCl concentration produced a minimal effect while temperature and exposure time had a significant direct relationship with NaOCl penetration into dentinal tubules, especially those with lowered surface tension. The exposure time and temperature of sodium hypochlorite as well as the addition of surfactants may influence the penetration depth of irrigants into dentinal tubules.


Asunto(s)
Cavidad Pulpar/química , Dentina/química , Hipoclorito de Sodio/química , Tensoactivos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Tensoactivos/química
19.
Quintessence Int ; 47(5): 407-16, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27110603

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: A papilla preservation crown-lengthening procedure (PPCL) was proposed for treatment of the maxillary anterior teeth (canine to canine) and compared to two traditional techniques. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Thirty patients were assigned to three treatment groups: PPCL, the apically positioned flap with buccal approach (APF-B), and the apically positioned flap with buccal and palatal approach (APF-BP). Several clinical parameters were recorded at baseline and 6 months after surgery. RESULTS: Although no statistically significant differences were reported in many of the clinical parameters examined, APF-B and APF-BP showed a significantly higher interproximal clinical attachment loss when compared to PPCL. In the PPCL group, there was a significant increase in esthetic appraisal by the patients. CONCLUSION: Crown lengthening using a papilla-preservation flap approach and osseous recontouring is a viable alternative approach and could be useful in esthetic regions.


Asunto(s)
Alargamiento de Corona/métodos , Estética Dental , Maxilar/cirugía , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfacción del Paciente , Estudios Prospectivos , Colgajos Quirúrgicos , Resultado del Tratamiento
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(2): 208-216, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-778335

RESUMEN

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of concentration, exposure time and temperature of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) added with surfactants on its penetration into dentinal tubules. Sixty-five extracted human permanent maxillary anterior teeth with single canals were prepared by ProTaper SX hand-operated instruments. The teeth were then sectioned perpendicular to the long axis. The crowns and apical thirds of all the teeth were removed. The remaining roots were processed into 4-mm-long blocks and stained overnight in crystal violet. One hundred and thirty stained blocks were further split into halves and treated by nine different types of NaOCl-based solutions. Three solutions were added with surfactants (Hypoclean, H6, Chlor-Xtra) and the others were regular hypochlorites at increasing concentrations (1%, 2%, 4%, 5.25%, <6%, 6% NaOCl) from different brands. The dentin blocks were exposed to the solutions for 2, 5, and 20 min at 20 °C, 37 °C and 45 °C, respectively. The depth of NaOCl penetration was determined by bleaching of the stain and measured by light microscopy at 20 and 40. Statistical comparisons were made by using a generalized linear model with Bonferroni's post-hoc correction. The shortest penetration (81±6.6 μm) was obtained after incubation in 1% NaOCl for 2 min at 20 °C; the highest penetration (376.3±3.8 μm) was obtained with Chlor-Xtra for 20 min at 45 °C. Varying NaOCl concentration produced a minimal effect while temperature and exposure time had a significant direct relationship with NaOCl penetration into dentinal tubules, especially those with lowered surface tension. The exposure time and temperature of sodium hypochlorite as well as the addition of surfactants may influence the penetration depth of irrigants into dentinal tubules.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da concentração, tempo de exposição e temperatura de hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) acrescidos de tensioativos na penetração nos túbulos dentinários. Sessenta e cinco dentes superiores humanos uniradiculares extraídos foram preparadas usando instrumentos ProTaper SX operados manualmente. Os dentes foram seccionados perpendicularmente ao longo eixo. As coroas e o terço apical foram removidos. Os restantes das raízes foram transformadas em blocos de 4-mm de comprimento e coradas durante em violeta de cristal. Cento e trinta blocos foram posteriormente divididos em metades e tratados por nove tipos diferentes de soluções de NaOCl. Três soluções com tensioativos foram adicionadas (Hypoclean, H6, Chlor-Xtra); e os outros foram os hipocloritos regulares em concentrações crescentes (1, 2, 4, 5,25, <6 and 6% de NaOCl) de diferentes origens. Os blocos de dentina foram expostos às soluções de 2, 5 e 20 min a 20 °C, 37 °C e 45 °C, respectivamente. A profundidade de penetração do NaOCl foi determinada pelo branqueamento da mancha e medido em microscopia de luz com ampliações de 20× e 40×. Comparações estatísticas foram feitas usando um modelo linear generalizado com a correção de Bonferroni (post-hoc). A menor penetração (81±6,6 m) foi medida após incubação com 1% de hipoclorito de sódio durante 2 min a 20 °C; a maior penetração (376,3±3,8 m) foi obtida com Chlor-Xtra durante 20 min a 45 °C. Variando a concentração do NaOCl verificou-se um efeito mínimo, enquanto que a temperatura e o tempo de exposição teve uma relação significativa direta com a penetração de hipocloritos de sódio, especialmente aqueles com tensão superficial reduzido, nos túbulos dentinários. O tempo de exposição e temperatura do hipoclorito de sódio bem como a adição de agentes tensioativos pode influenciar significativamente a profundidade de penetração de soluções irrigantes nos túbulos dentinários.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cavidad Pulpar/química , Dentina/química , Hipoclorito de Sodio/química , Tensoactivos/farmacocinética , Tensoactivos/química
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