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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(3): 540-551, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267328

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pathophysiology and prognosis are not clearly determined in patients with the coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP). These patients present with various clinical conditions ranging from being asymptomatic to being admitted with sudden cardiac death. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at assessing the findings of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) as an indicator of myocardial fibrosis. We also aimed at determining the relationship between the presence of myocardial fibrosis and NT-proBNP levels in patients with CSFP in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). METHODS: A total of 35 patients were enrolled within an age range of 31-75. The study patients (n=19) had normal epicardial coronary arteries at angiography, but they presented with CSFP in the LAD. The control group patients (n=16) had normal epicardial coronary arteries and TIMI scores at normal levels in angiography. In both groups, the patients were examined with CMR for the presence of myocardial fibrosis. In addition, plasma NT-proBNP levels were measured. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The rate of myocardial fibrosis was significantly higher in CMR in the patients with CSFP (p=0.018). A variable amount of myocardial scar tissue was detected at the left ventricular apex in 7 patients and at the inferior and inferolateral regions in 3 patients. There was no difference in the level of NT-proBNP in patients with CSFP. However, the NT-proBNP levels were higher in patients with CSFP, who had scar tissue in CMR (p=0.022). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, LGE in CMR showed that ischemic myocardial scarring may exist in patients with CSFP. These results indicate that CSFP may not always be innocent. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(3):540-551).

2.
Turk J Med Sci ; 48(4): 724-729, 2018 Aug 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119146

RESUMEN

Background/aim: Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease are major causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Genetic studies have determined that the immune response in rheumatic heart disease is genetically controlled and that there is a close relationship between the gene of concern and the class II human leukocyte antigen (HLA) gene. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of serum HLA-B alleles and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) with rheumatic heart disease. Materials and methods: A total of 50 consecutive patients with rheumatic heart disease and 50 controls were enrolled in the study. HLA alleles were analyzed using sequence-specific primer-polymerase chain reaction and nucleotide sequencing. Results: The HLA-B35 allele was significantly more common in patients with rheumatic heart disease than the control group (P = 0.043). The HLA-B44 allele was significantly more common in control patients than in patients with rheumatic heart disease (P = 0.014). There was a significant inverse correlation between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and mitral valve area (P = 0.001). There was no correlation between TNF-α levels and mitral valve area (P = 0.066). Conclusion: Our findings confirmed the association between HLA-B alleles and rheumatic heart disease.


Asunto(s)
Alelos , Frecuencia de los Genes , Genotipo , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Cardiopatía Reumática/genética , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/sangre , Adulto , Secuencia de Bases , Proteína C-Reactiva/metabolismo , Femenino , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Antígenos HLA-B/sangre , Humanos , Masculino , Válvula Mitral , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa , Cardiopatía Reumática/sangre
3.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 45(4): 316-323, 2017 Jun.
Artículo en Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28595201

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Ghrelin exerts protective effects on cardiovascular system by inhibiting progression of atherosclerosis, supression of vascular inflammation, and stimulating angiogenesis. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of serum ghrelin on coronary collateral development and SYNTAX score in patients with severe coronary artery disease. METHODS: Total of 91 patients who had ≥90% stenosis in at least one major coronary artery were prospectively included in this cross-sectional, observational study. Collateral degree was graded according to Rentrop-Cohen classification. Patients with grade 2 or 3 collateral degree were allocated to Good Collateral Group and patients with grade 0 or 1 collateral degree were included in Poor Collateral Group. Ghrelin and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) levels were measured using radioimmunoassay and ELISA kits. RESULTS: Serum ghrelin and VEGF-A levels were significantly higher in Good Collateral Group. Furthermore, ghrelin level showed significant inverse correlation with SYNTAX score (r=0.348; p=0.001). In multivariable regression analysis, ghrelin (Odds ratio, 1.013; 95% confidence interval, 1.011-1.017; p=0.013), VEGF-A, fasting plasma glucose and presence of chronic total occlusion were independent predictors of good collateral development. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, ghrelin value cut-off point of ≥781 pg/mL predicted good collateral development with sensitivity of 73.1% and specificity of 67.7%. CONCLUSION: Findings suggested that ghrelin has antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties that protect endothelial functions and also stimulate angiogenesis, which results in development of good coronary collateral and inhibition of progression of coronary atherosclerosis.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores/sangre , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Ghrelina/sangre , Anciano , Circulación Colateral/fisiología , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/sangre , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/epidemiología , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/fisiopatología , Circulación Coronaria/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos
4.
Herz ; 40(8): 1115-20, 2015 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26135463

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There are few prospective data available for establishing a standard diuretic administration regimen for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of three regimens of furosemide administration in patients with ADHF with regard to diuresis, renal functions, and in-hospital outcomes. METHODS: A total of 43 patients who presented with ADHF were randomized into three groups: (a) continuous infusion (cIV) of 160 mg furosemide for 16 h/day (n = 15); (b) bolus injections (bI) of 80 mg furosemide twice a day (n = 14); (c) and administration of 160 mg furosemide plus hypertonic saline solution (HSS) as an infusion for 30 min once a day (n = 14). All regimens were continued for 48 h. Study endpoints were negative fluid balance assessed by loss of body weight, change in the serum creatinine (baseline to 48 h and baseline to compensated state), and length of hospitalization. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the mean change in serum creatinine level at the end of 48 h between groups (p = 0.08). There was also no significant difference among groups regarding loss of body weight (p = 0.66). A significantly shorter hospitalization was observed in patients treated with HSS compared with the other groups (cIV group 6.6 ± 3.4 days vs. bI group 7.9 ± 4.1 days vs. HSS group 3.7 ± 1.3 days; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: All three furosemide regimens have similar renal safety and efficacy measures. However, administration of furosemide plus HSS may be the preferred diuretic strategy because of its shorter hospital stay.


Asunto(s)
Diuréticos/administración & dosificación , Furosemida/administración & dosificación , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/prevención & control , Enfermedad Aguda , Administración Oral , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administración & dosificación , Anciano , Inhibidores de la Enzima Convertidora de Angiotensina/administración & dosificación , Femenino , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/administración & dosificación , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
Can J Cardiol ; 31(8): 1012-8, 2015 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26117621

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate whether atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), which is an indicator for structural and electrical remodelling of the atria, is prolonged in patients with active or inactive acromegaly, or both, compared with a control group. METHODS: A total of 34 patients with acromegaly (18 active/16 inactive) and 35 patients as a control group were enrolled. Both intra- and inter-AEMD were calculated by TDI. The correlation between clinical variables and AEMD were analyzed. RESULTS: Both inter-AEMD and right and left intra-AEMD were prolonged in patients with acromegaly compared with the control group (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, and P = 0.004, respectively). Also, patients with active acromegaly showed higher inter-AEMD and right intra-AEMD compared with patients with inactive acromegaly (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in left intra-AEMD between patients with active acromegaly and those with inactive acromegaly (P = 0.977). The growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) levels positively correlated with inter-AEMD (r = 0.577; P < 0.001; r = 0.614; P < 0.001, respectively). Additionally, we found that inter-AEMD was significantly and positively correlated with relationship between maximal values of passive mitral inflow (E, PW-Doppler) and lateral early diastolic mitral annular velocities (e', TDI) (r = 0.316; P = 0.008). Only the serum IGF-1 level was independently associated with inter-AEMD in multivariate linear regression analysis (ß = 0.500; P = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Our study findings showed that both inter- and intra-AEMD are prolonged in patients with acromegaly. Also, AEMD was observed to be more prolonged in patients with active acromegaly than in those with inactive acromegaly. IGF-1 was an independent predictor of inter- AEMD in patients with acromegaly. Being a noninvasive, inexpensive, and simple technique, AEMD may be used as an indicator for atrial electrical and structural remodelling in patients with acromegaly.


Asunto(s)
Acromegalia/complicaciones , Función Atrial/fisiología , Complejos Atriales Prematuros/etiología , Ecocardiografía Doppler/métodos , Electrocardiografía , Acromegalia/fisiopatología , Complejos Atriales Prematuros/diagnóstico por imagen , Complejos Atriales Prematuros/fisiopatología , Femenino , Atrios Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagen , Atrios Cardíacos/fisiopatología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
6.
Atherosclerosis ; 235(2): 289-94, 2014 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24905139

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Coronary collaterals play a crucial role during an acute ischemic attack. Angiogenesis has an important role in the formation of coronary collateral vessels. Previously, it was shown that apelin is a potential angiogenetic factor. Thus, we aimed to investigate relationship between plasma apelin levels and coronary collateral circulation in patients with stable coronary artery disease. METHODS: Among patients who underwent coronary angiography with stable angina pectoris, patients with a stenosis of ≥90% were included in our study. Collateral degree was graded according to Rentrop-Cohen classification. Patients with grade 2 or 3 collateral degree were included in good collateral group and patients with grade 0 or 1 collateral degree were included in poor collateral group. RESULTS: Plasma apelin level was significantly higher in good collateral group (0.69 ± 0.2 vs 0.59 ± 0.2 ng/dl, p < 0.001). Serum nitric oxide levels were similar between two groups. In multivariate regression analysis apelin [6.95 (1.46-33.15), p = 0.015] and presence of total occlusion [4.40 (1.04-18.62), p = 0.044] remained as independent predictors for good coronary collateral development. CONCLUSIONS: Higher plasma apelin level was related to better coronary collateral development. Demonstration of favorable affects of apelin on good collateral development may lead to consider apelin in antiischemic treatment strategies in order to increase collateral development.


Asunto(s)
Circulación Colateral/fisiología , Circulación Coronaria/efectos de los fármacos , Péptidos y Proteínas de Señalización Intercelular/sangre , Apelina , Biomarcadores/sangre , Humanos
7.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 6: 62, 2014.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24872849

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Increased epicardial adipose tissue thickness and plasma homocysteine levels are associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and coronary artery disease. The majority of patients with MS have subclinical or manifest coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between MS and plasma homocysteine levels and epicardial adipose tissue thickness in subjects without epicardial coronary artery disease. METHODS: Patients who underwent coronary angiography due to angina or equivocal symptoms and/or abnormal stress test results and were found to have normal coronary arteries were evaluated for the presence of MS. The study group comprised 75 patients with normal coronary arteries and MS, and the control group included 75 age-gender matched subjects without coronary artery disease or MS. RESULTS: Epicardial adipose tissue thickness (5.8 ± 1.9 mm vs. 4.3 ± 1.6 mm, p <0.001) and plasma homocysteine levels (21.6 ± 6.1 µmol/L vs. 15.1 ± 5.8 µmol/L, p <0.001) were significantly higher in the MS group. Body mass index, triglyceride level, weight, age and waist circumference were positively and HDL cholesterol level were negatively correlated with both epicardial adipose tissue thickness and plasma homocysteine level. Epicardial adipose tissue thickness had the strongest correlation with plasma homocysteine level (r = 0.584, p < 0.001). For each 1 mm increase in epicardial adipose tissue thickness, an increase of 3.51 µmol/L (95% CI: 2.24-4.79) in plasma homocysteine level was expected. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a close relationship between MS and epicardial adipose tissue thickness and plasma homocysteine levels, even in the absence of overt coronary artery disease.

8.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 41(5): 406-17, 2013 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23917006

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the safety, compliance and efficacy of amlodipine (Aml) and valsartan (Val) single-pill combination (SPC) in a large hypertensive patient population. STUDY DESIGN: This is a non-interventional, observational, open label study conducted in 166 centers in Turkey with a 24-week follow-up period. RESULTS: Of the 1184 enrolled patients, two-thirds were female (62.2%). The mean age was 57.7±11.3 years, and 26.1% of the patients were older than 65 years. The majority of patients (82.3%) were overweight or obese. During the course of the study, 150 (12.7%) patients experienced a total of 174 adverse events (AEs). The overall mean (SD) compliance rate was determined to be 96.9 (0.2)%. The most commonly reported AE was edema, with a new-onset edema incidence of 6.7%. In the entire group, Aml/Val SPC significantly reduced both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), with a reduction of 29.6±0.9 / 14.7±0.6 mmHg (for each, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: As a result of the low incidences of AEs and new-onset edema, the safety profile of Aml/Val SPC proved to be optimal. Aml/Val SPC reduced BP efficiently and met the needs of most patients to achieve the targets. Aml/Val SPC seems to be a beneficial option for effective BP control, which is a key factor influencing cardiovascular outcome.


Asunto(s)
Amlodipino/administración & dosificación , Antihipertensivos/administración & dosificación , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Tetrazoles/administración & dosificación , Valina/análogos & derivados , Administración Oral , Anciano , Amlodipino/efectos adversos , Antihipertensivos/efectos adversos , Combinación de Medicamentos , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/fisiopatología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cooperación del Paciente , Tetrazoles/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Turquia , Valina/administración & dosificación , Valina/efectos adversos , Valsartán
9.
Acta Cardiol ; 68(3): 291-7, 2013 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23882875

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Both computed tomography (CTA) and conventional angiography (CCA) can provide direct visualization of the coronary arteries. The aim of the present study was to compare the radiation exposure between CTA and CCA and to search whether this amount of radiation causes significant DNA damage. METHOD: Seventy-two patients who underwent CTA or CCA were enrolled prospectively. We recorded the radiation dosage that was used during the procedures and calculated the effective dose (ED). We determined the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) level from the blood samples which were drawn from the patients before and after the procedures. The change in SCE is used as the measure of DNA damage induced by the radiation. RESULTS: The patients in the CTA (n = 36) and CCA groups (n= 36) had similar baseline characteristics. The ED was higher in CTA examinations compared to CCA examinations (14.2 +/- 2.7 vs 6.4 +/- 3.1, P <0.001). The SCE level increased significantly after both angiography methods (P <0.001). When the change in SCE after angiography was compared, we did not find a significant difference among the groups (2.73 +/- 1.6 vs 2.54 +/- 1.22, P= NS). CONCLUSION: Although the patients who underwent CTA were exposed to a greater amount of radiation, the radiation-induced genetic damage was similar with both types of the procedures.


Asunto(s)
Angina Estable/diagnóstico por imagen , Angiografía Coronaria/efectos adversos , Daño del ADN/genética , ADN/efectos de la radiación , Tomografía Computarizada Multidetector/efectos adversos , Traumatismos por Radiación/genética , Angina Estable/sangre , Angiografía Coronaria/métodos , Relación Dosis-Respuesta en la Radiación , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Traumatismos por Radiación/diagnóstico , Traumatismos por Radiación/etiología , Intercambio de Cromátides Hermanas/genética , Intercambio de Cromátides Hermanas/efectos de la radiación
10.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol ; 18(1): 69-74, 2013 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23347028

RESUMEN

In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between TIMI myocardial perfusion (TMP) grade, as an indicator of myocardial reperfusion, and fragmented QRS (fQRS) in standard 12-lead electrocardiogram. Also, we evaluate fQRS is an additional indicator of myocardial reperfusion. One hundred patients admitted with first STEMI to Coronary Intensive Care Unit and who were used thrombolytic therapy was included in this retrospective study. Standard 12-lead electrocardiogram records of patients simultaneous with coronary angiography (second day) were assessed and analysed for the presence of fQRS. Also, coronary angiography images were analyzed to identify the infarct related artery, TIMI grade of infarct related artery and TMP grade of infarct related artery. The patients with fQRS demonstrated a significantly lower TMP grade, TIMI grade and ejection fraction compared with the non-fQRS patients (P = 0.004, P = 0.003, P = 0.02 respectively). The patients with inadequate myocardial reperfusion demonstrated a significantly higher fQRS compared with the adequate myocardial reperfusion patients. (56.9% versus 23.5%, P = 0.002 respectively). On correlation analysis, there was a significant negative correlation between fQRS and left ventricular ejection fraction (r = -232, P = 0.02) TMP grade and adequate myocardial reperfusion (TMP 3) showed significant negative correlation with fQRS (r = -0.370, P = 0.000; r = -0.318, P = 0.001 respectively). Presence of fragmented QRS in STEMI patients was associated with inadequate myocardial reperfusion and it can be used as a simple, noninvasive parameter to evaluate myocardial reperfusion.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio/tratamiento farmacológico , Infarto del Miocardio/fisiopatología , Reperfusión Miocárdica , Terapia Trombolítica , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Comorbilidad , Angiografía Coronaria , Electrocardiografía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios Retrospectivos
11.
Coron Artery Dis ; 24(1): 29-32, 2013 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23232249

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Many studies have shown that bilirubin may protect against atherosclerosis. In the present study, we assess the association between serum total bilirubin levels and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) assessed by angiography and the Syntax score. METHODS: Patients from our center, who visited the center for a coronary angiography, from January 2008 to January 2011, were eligible for this analysis. Serum bilirubin levels and other blood parameters in at least 12-h fasting states were determined. The patients were divided into tertiles according to their Syntax score. RESULTS: A total of 299 patients were registered for the study. The total bilirubin levels in the low Syntax score group were significantly higher than those of the other groups. After multiple logistic regression analysis, serum bilirubin levels (odds ratio=0.155, 95% confidence interval, 0.039-0.62, P=0.008) were identified as independent correlates of a high Syntax score. CONCLUSION: Serum bilirubin levels were independently and inversely associated with the severity of disease in patients with stable CAD. Serum total bilirubin level may be useful as a marker of the severity of CAD.


Asunto(s)
Bilirrubina/sangre , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/sangre , Anciano , Biomarcadores/sangre , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Angiografía Coronaria , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis Multivariante , Oportunidad Relativa , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Pronóstico , Factores de Riesgo , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
12.
Clin Invest Med ; 35(5): E303, 2012 Oct 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23043711

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: In this study we aimed to investigate myocardial function and atrial electromechanical properties by conventional and tissue doppler echocardiography in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome. METHODS: Forty patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS) and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. Using transthoracic echocardiography, myocardial performance index and atrial electromechanical properties were measured. RESULTS: Basal characteristics were similar between two groups. Myocardial performance index values were disturbed in patients with Sjögren syndrome (0.41 vs. 0.32, p < 0.01). There was significant intraatrial (16.4±6.4, 5.0±4.5, p < 0.01) and interatrial (30.6±10.1, 15.4±5.9, p < 0.01) electromechanical delay in this patient group. CONCLUSION: Myocardial function is disturbed and there is significant atrial electromechanical delay in patients with primary SS. This study is the first to show altered myocardial function and atrial electromechanical properties in primary SS.


Asunto(s)
Diástole/fisiología , Atrios Cardíacos/fisiopatología , Corazón/fisiopatología , Síndrome de Sjögren/fisiopatología , Fibrilación Atrial/complicaciones , Fibrilación Atrial/fisiopatología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Ecocardiografía Doppler , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Síndrome de Sjögren/complicaciones , Volumen Sistólico/fisiología
13.
Tex Heart Inst J ; 39(4): 500-6, 2012.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22949765

RESUMEN

We investigated the prognostic importance of plasma myeloperoxidase levels in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) at long-term follow-up, and we analyzed the correlations between plasma myeloperoxidase levels and other biochemical values. We evaluated 73 consecutive patients (56 men; mean age, 56 ± 11 yr) diagnosed with acute STEMI and 46 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the median myeloperoxidase level (Group 1: plasma myeloperoxidase ≤ 68 ng/mL; and Group 2: plasma myeloperoxidase > 68 ng/mL). Patients were monitored for the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), which were defined as cardiac death; reinfarction; new hospital admission for angina; heart failure; and revascularization procedures. The mean follow-up period was 25 ± 16 months. Plasma myeloperoxidase levels were higher in STEMI patients than in control participants (82 ± 34 vs 20 ± 12 ng/mL; P = 0.001). Composite MACE occurred in 12 patients with high myeloperoxidase levels (33%) and in 4 patients with low myeloperoxidase levels (11%) (P = 0.02). The incidences of nonfatal recurrent myocardial infarction and verified cardiac death were higher in the high-myeloperoxidase group. In multivariate analysis, high plasma myeloperoxidase levels were independent predictors of MACE (odds ratio = 3.843; <95% confidence interval, 1.625-6.563; P = 0.003). High plasma myeloperoxidase levels identify patients with a worse prognosis after acute STEMI at 2-year follow-up. Evaluation of plasma myeloperoxidase levels might be useful in determining patients at high risk of death and MACE who can benefit from further aggressive treatment and closer follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio/enzimología , Peroxidasa/sangre , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Angina de Pecho/sangre , Angina de Pecho/enzimología , Angina de Pecho/epidemiología , Biomarcadores/sangre , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Femenino , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/enzimología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/epidemiología , Humanos , Incidencia , Estimación de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis Multivariante , Infarto del Miocardio/sangre , Infarto del Miocardio/mortalidad , Infarto del Miocardio/terapia , Revascularización Miocárdica , Oportunidad Relativa , Readmisión del Paciente , Pronóstico , Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales , Estudios Prospectivos , Recurrencia , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo , Turquia/epidemiología , Regulación hacia Arriba , Adulto Joven
14.
Kardiol Pol ; 70(6): 556-62, 2012.
Artículo en Inglés, Polaco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22718370

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: In this study, we aimed to evaluate myocardial functions in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). We also aimed to investigate the relationship between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and myocardial performance index (Tei index) in these patients. METHODS: A total of 38 patients with DM, 34 patients with IGT, and 40 healthy volunteers were recruited to the study. Basal clinical and laboratory findings were recorded. BNP levels of all individuals were measured. Both conventional transthoracic and tissue Doppler echocardiogaphy were performed to all study participants. RESULTS: B-type natriuretic peptide levels of the diabetic group were greater than in patients with IGT and the control group. BNP levels of the IGT group were also higher than the control group. Myocardial performance index values, measured by both the conventional method and tissue Doppler echocardiography, were significantly higher in the diabetic group than in the control group. There was a significant relationship between myocardial performance index and BNP levels. CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial functions are disturbed in patients with DM and also in patients with IGT. BNP and myocardial performance index can be used in diabetic patients and in patients with IGT to define myocardial dysfunction.


Asunto(s)
Glucemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangre , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Intolerancia a la Glucosa/sangre , Miocardio/metabolismo , Péptido Natriurético Encefálico/sangre , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/sangre , Factores de Edad , Ecocardiografía , Femenino , Intolerancia a la Glucosa/complicaciones , Hemoglobina A Glucada/análisis , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Curva ROC , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/diagnóstico , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/etiología
15.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 40(2): 148-54, 2012 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22710585

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the relationship between plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels and heart rate variability (HRV) in diabetic patients. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 100 patients (44 men, 56 women) with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The patients were divided into two groups based on the use of oral antidiabetics (n=67; mean age 54.6±7.8 years) or insulin (n=33; mean age 51.6±8.8 years). Plasma ADMA levels were measured and HRV parameters were calculated from 24-hour Holter EKG recordings. The findings were compared with those of a control group consisting of 42 nondiabetic individuals (mean age 52.8±6.2 years). RESULTS: Compared to the control group, plasma ADMA levels were significantly higher (p=0.007) and all HRV parameters were significantly reduced in both diabetic groups. However, ADMA levels and HRV parameters were similar in the two diabetic groups (p>0.05). Correlation analysis showed no significant relationship between plasma ADMA levels and HRV parameters. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that plasma ADMA levels are increased and HRV is reduced in diabetic patients, indicating that these patients have both endothelial dysfunction and autonomic dysfunction, but plasma ADMA levels cannot be used to evaluate autonomic dysfunction.


Asunto(s)
Arginina/análogos & derivados , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso Autónomo/fisiopatología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangre , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatología , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Administración Oral , Arginina/sangre , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso Autónomo/diagnóstico , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso Autónomo/etiología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Electrocardiografía Ambulatoria , Femenino , Humanos , Hipoglucemiantes/administración & dosificación , Hipoglucemiantes/uso terapéutico , Insulina/uso terapéutico , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
16.
Future Cardiol ; 8(3): 473-82, 2012 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22642636

RESUMEN

AIMS: We investigated heart rate variability (HRV) in patients hospitalized for decompensated diastolic heart failure and the effect of compensation course on HRV parameters. We also examined the association between the degree of diastolic dysfunction and HRV indices. PATIENTS & METHODS: A total of 42 patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure, who had a measured ejection fraction ≥ 50%, and ten age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled. RESULTS: All HRV indices were lower compared with the control group both at admission (p < 0.001) and after compensation, although a significant increase was observed in each index measured after clinical stabilization (p < 0.001). Improvement in HRV indices was lowest in patients with a restrictive pattern among groups of different degrees of diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Impairment in HRV in decompensated diastolic heart failure is more pronounced with increasing grade of diastolic dysfunction. It remains to be investigated whether decompensation may be predicted by marked depression in these indexes or if severely impaired HRV is a consequence of decompensation.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca/epidemiología , Frecuencia Cardíaca/fisiología , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Análisis de Varianza , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Diástole , Electrocardiografía Ambulatoria , Femenino , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagen , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/patología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Alta del Paciente , Volumen Sistólico , Sístole , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ultrasonografía , Función Ventricular Izquierda
17.
Int J Angiol ; 21(1): 29-34, 2012 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23450131

RESUMEN

Fas/Fas ligand system contributes to the programmed cell death induced by myocardial ischemia. We investigated whether serum soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) level is independently related with the severity and extent of angiographically assessed coronary artery disease (CAD). We included 169 patients in this study. Two groups were formed based on the existence of a lesion on coronary angiography. First group included patients with normal coronary arteries (NCA; n = 53). Patients with atherosclerotic lesions were included in the second group (n = 116). We used the coronary vessel score (the number of the coronary arteries with a lesion leading to ≥ 50% luminal obstruction) and the Azar score to determine the extent and the severity of CAD. Standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits were used to measure serum sFasL levels. The serum sFasL level was higher in patients with CAD than in patients with NCA (0.52 ± 0.23 mU/mL vs. 0.45 ± 0.18 mU/mL, p = 0.023). The sFasL level correlated with Azar score (r = 0.231, p = 0.003) and with coronary vessel score (r = 0.269, p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, we found that age (beta: 0.188, p = 0.008), gender (beta: 0.317, p < 0.001), diabetes mellitus (DM; beta: 0.195, p = 0.008), and sFasL level (beta: 0.209, p = 0.003) were independently related with Azar score. When we used coronary vessel score as the dependent variable, we found that age (p = 0.020), gender (p < 0.001), DM (p = 0.006), and sFasL level (p = 0.001) were independent predictors. Serum sFasL level is associated with angiographically more severe CAD. Our findings suggest that sFasL level may be a biochemical surrogate of severe coronary atherosclerosis.

18.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 39(7): 531-9, 2011 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21983762

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the associations between nocturnal blood pressure (BP) and serum uric acid (SUA) level, low-grade inflammation, and cardiac autonomic function in untreated dipper and nondipper hypertensive patients and normotensive individuals. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 92 consecutive patients (44 men, 48 women; mean age 51.6 ± 9.7 years) who presented for initial evaluation of hypertension. All patients underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring to assess heart rate variability (HRV) and ambulatory BP. Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and SUA levels were measured. Due to the non-normal distribution of hs-CRP and microalbuminuria (MAU), they were normalized by logarithmic transformation. RESULTS: Of the study group, 60 patients (65.2%) were diagnosed as hypertensive (50% nondippers). In univariate correlation analysis, log(MAU) showed a significant correlation with nocturnal BP (r=0.560, p<0.001). Among HRV parameters, SDNN, SDANN, and triangular index were inversely correlated with log(hs-CRP) (r=-0.356, p=0.001; r=-0.350, p=0.001; r=-0.314, p=0.002, respectively) and nighttime BP (r=-0.286, p=0.006; r=-0.251, p=0.02; r=-0.294, p=0.004, respectively). Log(hs-CRP) was positively correlated with nighttime BP (r=0.302, p=0.003). Serum UA levels were correlated with only nocturnal BP; i.e., nocturnal mean (r=0.260, p=0.01), systolic (r=0.249, p=0.016), and diastolic BP (r=0.249, p=0.017). In multiple linear regression analysis, log(hs-CRP) and age were independent predictors of cardiac autonomic dysfunction, and log(hs-CRP), SUA, and HRV parameters were independent predictors of nocturnal BP measurements. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest the role of low-grade inflammation, uric acid levels, and autonomic dysfunction even in the early stages of hypertension.


Asunto(s)
Proteína C-Reactiva/metabolismo , Hipertensión/sangre , Hipertensión/fisiopatología , Ácido Úrico/sangre , Sistema Nervioso Autónomo , Presión Sanguínea , Ritmo Circadiano , Estudios Transversales , Electrocardiografía Ambulatoria , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
19.
Anadolu Kardiyol Derg ; 11(7): 573-81, 2011 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21911321

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is multifactorial, however the impact of inflammatory cells in this process is well known. Different traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) may have specifically different effects on leukocyte subtype. Thus, these special interactions may induce different vascular involvement forms due to the altered endothelial damage and vascular repair mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is any specific relationship between the leukocyte subtypes and the traditional CVRFs and to evaluate the independency of possible relationships. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional observational design. The study population consisted of the patients who underwent coronary angiography with a suspicion of coronary artery disease (CAD) at our institution in an outpatient manner. We enrolled 677 consecutive eligible patients with CAD or normal coronary arteries (NCA) and investigated the associations of traditional CVRFs, demographic properties and biochemical parameters including fasting plasma glucose (FPG), creatinine, serum uric acid level (SUA) and lipids with total circulating inflammatory cell (WBC, leukocytes) and subtype counts including neutrophils (N), lymphocytes (L) and monocytes (M). As a dependent variable, total leukocyte count and subtypes, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/L ratio) which has been found to being related with increased vascular risk and events were investigated in the groups determined by the presence or absence of CVRFs and CAD by the univariate analyses and then multiple linear regression analyses. RESULTS: When we performed multiple linear regression analyses to determine the independent associations of inflammatory cell subtypes, we have found that FPG had an independent incremental association with WBC (ß±SE:4.2±1.4, p=0.004) and N (ß±SE:4.2±1.2, p=0.001). Current smoking had an independent incremental association with WBC and all cell subtypes (for WBC, N, L, and M: ß±SE: 748±161, p<0.001; ß±SE: 556±136, p<0.001; ß±SE: 185±69, p=0.007; ß±SE: 38±20, p=0.061, respectively) and SUA had an independent incremental association with WBC (ß±SE: 115±43, p=0.008), N (ß±SE: 107±38, p=0.005) and M (ß±SE: 26±6, p<0.001). Hypertension had an independent incremental association with WBC (ß±SE: 431±140, p=0.002) and N (ß±SE: 315±118, p=0.008). Male gender had an independent incremental association with only M (ß±SE: 52±20, p=0.010). Family history of CAD had an independent decremental association with WBC (ß±SE: -327±139, p=0.019) and N (ß±SE: -326±121, p=0.007). Finally, age had an independent decremental association with WBC (ß±SE: -32±7, p<0.001) and L (ß±SE: -16±3, p<0.001). The N/L ratio was independently related with increased age (p<0.001), FPG (p=0.003) and SUA (p=0.012). CONCLUSION: Our study results demonstrate that leukocyte subtypes have different specific associations with traditional CVRFs. We found that FPG affects specifically N while SUA affects specifically N and M, and current smoking affects nonspecifically on all cell subtypes. While hypertension with N and male gender with M were specifically related, age and family history of CAD were only related to L. These different interactions may lead to different endothelial damage and vascular repair mechanisms.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/fisiopatología , Leucocitos/citología , Adulto , Atención Ambulatoria , Glucemia , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Colesterol/sangre , HDL-Colesterol/sangre , LDL-Colesterol/sangre , Angiografía Coronaria , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/sangre , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/etiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Recuento de Leucocitos , Linfocitos/citología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neutrófilos/citología , Análisis de Regresión , Factores de Riesgo , Triglicéridos/sangre
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