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1.
BMJ Open Qual ; 7(4): e000417, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515469

RESUMEN

Background: One in three people over the age of 65 fall every year, with 1/3 sustaining at least moderate injury. Falls risk reduction requires an interprofessional health team approach. The literature is lacking in effective models to teach students how to work collaboratively in interprofessional teams for geriatric falls prevention. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, administration and outcome measures of an education programme to teach principles of interprofessional care for older adults in the context of falls prevention. Methods: Students from three academic institutions representing 12 health disciplines took part in the education programme over 18 months (n=237). A mixed method one-group pretest and post-test experimental design was implemented to measure the impact of a multistep education model on progression in interprofessional collaboration competencies and satisfaction. Results: Paired t-tests of pre-education to posteducation measures of Interprofessional Socialization and Valuing Scale scores (n=136) demonstrated statistically significant increase in subscales and total scores (p<0.001). Qualitative satisfaction results were strongly positive. Discussion: Results of this study indicate that active interprofessional education can result in positive student attitude regarding interprofessional team-based care, and satisfaction with learning. Lessons learnt in a rapid cycle plan-do-study-act approach are shared to guide replication efforts for other educators. Conclusion: Effective models to teach falls prevention interventions and interprofessional practice are not yet established. This education model is easily replicable and can be used to teach interprofessional teamwork competency skills in falls and other geriatric syndromes.

2.
J Interprof Care ; : 1-3, 2018 Jul 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30024297

RESUMEN

Interprofessional education (IPE) using simulations provides a rich environment for mastery learning and deliberate practice. The debriefing phase is identified as the most valuable by learners, yet investigation into the most effective format for debriefing interprofessional (IP) groups has largely gone unexplored. To determine the best practices in IP simulation debriefing, we compared perceived effectiveness of in-person versus teledebriefing, and single versus IP co-debriefer models according to 404 Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare Student-Version (DASH-SV) scores from students in medicine, nursing, and respiratory therapy (n = 135) following three critical care simulations. All calculated total mean scores were in the acceptable range (above 4.0), indicating a positive experience for all methods. We found statistically significantly higher scores for in-person (M = 5.79) compared to teledebriefing (M = 4.96, p < .001). Single debriefer (M = 6.09) compared to IP co-debriefer DASH scores (M = 5.93) for all scenarios were not significantly different (p = .059). Our results suggest that teledebriefing may provide a solution for simulation programs with off-site or rural learners, and that a single in-person debriefing can be equally effective as co-debriefing for IP students.

3.
AACN Adv Crit Care ; 21(2): 165-86, 2010 Apr-Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20431446

RESUMEN

Critical care nurses occasionally confront patient conditions that are not common. One such condition is hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). Three primary processes contribute to regional alterations in circulation in the renal and splanchnic beds. These processes include effective hypovolemia from the massive release of vasoactive mediators, thereby underfilling circulation, systemic and splanchnic vasodilation along with renal vasoconstriction, and hyperdynamic circulation. A "second-hit" hypothesis, whereby a triggering event causes intravascular volume depletion, likely initiates the development of HRS. The idea of a second hit focuses the attention of the health care team on surveillance strategies to prevent or limit HRS in patients with advanced cirrhosis and ascites. The treatment goal is to restore systemic and splanchnic vasoconstriction, while promoting renal vasodilation, balance sodium, and achieve euvolemia. The critical care nurse must maintain ongoing education to care for the patient with this complex syndrome in order to prevent complications and death.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Hepatorrenal/fisiopatología , Educación Continua , Humanos
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