Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Filtrar
Más filtros










Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
Rev. argent. salud publica ; 13: 1-8, 5/02/2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BINACIS, ARGMSAL | ID: biblio-1147271

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son causadas por el desarrollo anómalo del corazón durante el período embriofetal. Abarcan un amplio espectro de anomalías estructurales de las cavidades cardíacas o de los grandes vasos, con una prevalencia mundial de 6 a 9 por 1000 nacimientos. En Argentina constituyen un tercio de las anomalías congénitas (AC) al nacimiento. Si bien su etiología es heterogénea, se ha observado recurrencia familiar acorde con la influencia de factores genéticos. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la presencia de anomalías cromosómicas, desbalances genómicos o variantes de secuencias en una muestra de niños afectados con CC en Argentina. MÉTODOS: Se incluyó a 289 pacientes con CC de hasta 16 años. Se realizó un cariotipo para pacientes con otras AC y análisis por amplificación múltiple de sondas dependiente de ligación (MLPA) de regiones genómicas asociadas a CC para aquellos con CC conotroncales. En muestras seleccionadas, se analizaron desbalances genómicos por microarreglos de ADN (array-CGH) o variantes de secuencia en el gen NKX2-5. RESULTADOS: Hubo 9 pacientes que presentaron anomalías cromosómicas, 21 desbalances por MLPA y 8 por array-CGH. No se hallaron variantes patogénicas en NKX2-5 en los casos estudiados. DISCUSIÓN: Se halló la causa de la afección en el 13% de los casos analizados. El estudio de pacientes con CC aisladas o asociadas a otras AC no había sido abordado previamente en Argentina mediante este algoritmo


Asunto(s)
Aberraciones Cromosómicas , Genética Médica , Cardiopatías
2.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 85(9): 2143-2154, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218733

RESUMEN

AIMS: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed and leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. It was classified within molecular intrinsic subtypes: luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-enriched and basal-like. Epinephrine and norepinephrine, released during stress, bind to adrenoceptors. α2 -adrenoceptors are encoded by the ADRA2A, ADRA2B and ADRA2C genes and ß2 by ADRB2. METHODS: We compiled several publicly available Affymetrix gene expression datasets, obtaining a large cohort of 1924 patients with distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) data and evaluated the association between adrenoceptor expression, clinicopathological markers and outcome. RESULTS: ADRA2A high expressing tumours also expressed hormone receptors and presented diminished tumour size, grade and not compromised lymph nodes. ADRB2 high expression was found in smaller, low grade, oestrogen receptor-positive tumours. Both were significantly associated with the absence of metastasis. High expression of ADRA2C was positively associated with increased tumour size and metastatic relapse. We observed a significant increase in DMFS of patients with high ADRA2A (hazard ratio 0.54, 95% CI 0.45-0.65, P < .001) and ADRB2 (0.77, 0.64-0.93, P = .006) expression and a decrease with ADRA2C high expression (1.45, 1.16-1.81, P = .001). For patients with luminal tumours, ADRA2A was the only factor that retained its significance as an independent predictor of DMFS while ADRA2C expression was an independent predictor for worse prognosis in basal-like tumours. CONCLUSIONS: We herein provide new insight for a potential role of ADRA2A and ADRA2C in breast cancer. In low- and medium-income countries, their incorporation to routine immunohistochemistry analysis of biopsies or tumour samples, could provide additional low-cost prognostic factors.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores de Tumor/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/metabolismo , Biomarcadores de Tumor/análisis , Mama/patología , Neoplasias de la Mama/mortalidad , Conjuntos de Datos como Asunto , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Análisis de Secuencia por Matrices de Oligonucleótidos , Pronóstico , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/análisis , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/análisis , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/metabolismo
3.
Genes (Basel) ; 8(8)2017 Aug 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28812997

RESUMEN

The premutation state of FMR1 (Fragile X Mental Retardation 1) has been associated with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), and is the most common known genetic cause for 46,XX patients. Nevertheless, very few studies have analyzed its frequency in Latin American populations. Additionally, a relationship between alleles carrying a cryptic microdeletion in the 5'UTR of FMR2 and the onset of POI has only been studied in one population. Our aim was to analyze the incidence of FMR1 premutations and putative microdeletions in exon 1 of FMR2 in a cohort of Argentinean women with POI. We studied 133 patients and 84 controls. Fluorescent PCR was performed, and the FMR2 exon 1 was further sequenced in samples presenting less than 11 repeats. We found the frequency of FMR1 premutations to be 6.7% and 2.9% for familial and sporadic patients, respectively. Among controls, 1/84 women presented a premutation. In addition, although we did not find microdeletions in FMR2, we observed a change (T >C) adjacent to the repeats in two sisters with POI. Given the repetitive nature of the sequence involved, we could not ascertain whether this represents a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) or a deletion. Therefore, a relationship between FMR2 and POI could not be established for our population.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...