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1.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(4): 833-840, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724938

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: A prospective cohort multicenter study was undertaken to identify risk factors for implant survival, complications, and patient-centered outcomes following single-tooth immediate implant placement and loading in esthetic areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive immediate implants placed in incisors, canines, and premolar sites were included. Variables recorded as possible risk factors included smoking habit, systemic conditions or therapies, previous assumption of bisphosphonates, inability to take amoxicillin, untreated periodontitis, thin periodontium, parafunctional habits, suppuration, bone dehiscences, and buccal bone fracture during implant insertion. Outcome variables included implant survival, recession, other complications, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: Data of 215 implants in 215 patients were collected in 15 centers in 2 years. One implant was seated with a torque < 30 Ncm and was not immediately loaded. It was successfully loaded 10 weeks after placement and was healthy 2 years later. This implant was excluded from subsequent analysis. Potential risk factors were identified in 116 patients (54.21%). There were 11 dropouts after 1 year and 37 after 2 years. Failures were relatively frequent (14.6%) before the delivery of the definitive prosthesis. No significant association was observed between early failures and risk factors. One failure and six recessions were observed after the definitive prosthesis. High satisfaction scores (mean score of 9.47/10 and 9.55/10 for esthetics and function, respectively) were recorded at 2 years. No recession occurred in the no-risk group. Five mucositis cases and one peri-implantitis case were observed in the 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Failures were frequent before the definitive restoration and could not be explained by specific risk factors. Tissues appeared stable after the definitive restoration. Patients were very satisfied during the follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental , Coronas , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estética Dental , Humanos , Atención Dirigida al Paciente , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(3): 1125-1135, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052179

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to explore the efficacy of different minimal invasive surgical (MIS) and non-surgical (MINST) approaches for the treatment of intra-bony defect in terms of clinical attachment level (CAL) gain and periodontal pocket depth (PPD) reduction. METHODS: A detailed review protocol was designed according to PRISMA guideline. Online search was conducted on PubMed, Cochrane library and Embase. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing MIS or MINST procedure, with or without the application of a regenerative tool for the treatment of intra-bony defect, were included. Cochrane checklist for risk of bias assessment was used. Network meta-Analysis (NMAs) was used to rank the treatment efficacy. RESULTS: Nine RCTs accounting for 244 patients and a total of 244 defects were included. Only two studies were at low risk of bias. CAL gain for included treatment ranged from 2.58 ± 1.13 mm to 4.7 ± 2.5 mm while PPD reduction ranged from 3.19 ± 0.71 mm to 5.3 ± 1.5 mm. On the basis of the ranking curve, MINST showed the lowest probability to be the best treatment option for CAL gain. Pairwise comparisons and treatment rankings suggest superiority for regenerative approaches (CAL difference 0.78 mm, (0.14-1.41); P < 0.05) and surgical treatment elevating only the buccal or palatal flap (CAL difference: 0.95 mm, (0.33-1.57); P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) and non-surgical (MINST) periodontal therapy show promising results in the treatment of residual pocket with intra-bony defect. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: MIS procedures represent a reliable treatment for isolated intra-bony defect.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/terapia , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Mínimamente Invasivos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Orales , Humanos , Metaanálisis en Red , Bolsa Periodontal , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
3.
J Clin Periodontol ; 47 Suppl 22: 352-374, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860125

RESUMEN

AIMS: To investigate the clinical performance of regenerative periodontal surgery in the treatment of furcation defects versus open flap debridement (OFD) and to compare different regenerative modalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify RCTs evaluating regenerative surgical treatment of furcations with a minimum of 12-month follow-up. Three authors independently reviewed, selected and extracted data from the search conducted and assessed risk of bias. Primary outcomes were tooth loss, furcation improvement (closure/conversion) (FImp), gain of horizontal bone level (HBL) and attachment level (HCAL). Secondary outcomes were gain in vertical attachment level (VCAL), probing pocket depth (PPD) reduction, PROMs and adverse events. Data were summarized into Bayesian standard and network meta-analysis in order to estimate direct and indirect treatment effects and to establish a ranking of treatments. RESULTS: The search identified 19 articles, reporting on 20 RCTs (19 on class II, 1 on class III furcations) with a total of 575 patients/787 defects. Tooth loss was not reported. Furcation closure ranged between 0% and 60% (10 trials), and class I conversion from 29% to 100% (six trials). Regenerative techniques were superior to OFD for FImp (OR = 20.9; 90% CrI = 5.81, 69.41), HCAL gain (1.6 mm), VCAL gain (1.3 mm) and PPD reduction (1.3 mm). Bone replacement grafts (BRG) resulted in the highest probability (Pr = 61%) of being the best treatment for HBL gain. Non-resorbable membranes + BRG ranked as the best treatment for VCAL gain (Pr = 75%) and PPD reduction (Pr = 56%). CONCLUSIONS: Regenerative surgery of class II furcations is superior to OFD. FImp (furcation closure or class I conversion) can be expected for the majority of defects. Treatment modalities involving BRG are associated with higher performance.

4.
Cardiovasc Res ; 116(1): 28-39, 2020 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549149

RESUMEN

Recent evidence suggests a link between periodontitis (PD) and hypertension, but the nature of this association remains unclear. The overall aim of this review was to critically appraise the evidence linking these two common disorders. Systematic search was conducted for studies published up to December 2018. Prevalence of hypertension in patients with PD (moderate/severe groups) vs. those without PD (non-PD) was the primary outcome. Additional outcomes included adjusted mean difference in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (BP) levels in PD vs. non-PD, assessment of biomarkers in PD and hypertension, and BP changes after periodontal therapy. From 81 studies selected, 40 were included in quantitative meta-analyses. Diagnoses of moderate-severe PD [odds ratio (OR) = 1.22; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-1.35] and severe PD (OR = 1.49; 95% CI: 1.09-2.05) were associated with hypertension. Prospective studies confirmed PD diagnosis increased likelihood of hypertension occurrence (OR = 1.68; 95% CI: 0.85-3.35). Patients with PD exhibited higher mean SBP [weighted mean difference (WMD) of 4.49 mmHg; 95% CI: 2.88-6.11] and DBP (2.03 mmHg; 95% CI: 1.25-2.81) when compared with non-PD. Lastly, only 5 out of 12 interventional studies confirmed a reduction in BP following periodontal therapy, ranging from 3 to 12.5 mmHg of SBP and from 0 to 10 mmHg of DBP. PD is associated with increased odds of hypertension (SORT C) and higher SBP/DBP levels. The evidence suggesting that PD therapy could reduce BP is inconclusive. Although additional research is warranted on this association, these results suggest that oral health assessment and management of PD could not only improve oral/overall health and quality of life but also be of relevance in the management of patients with hypertension.


Asunto(s)
Presión Sanguínea , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Salud Bucal , Periodontitis/epidemiología , Atención Odontológica , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Hipertensión/fisiopatología , Hipertensión/prevención & control , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Periodontitis/diagnóstico , Periodontitis/terapia , Prevalencia , Pronóstico , Calidad de Vida , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
5.
Stem Cells Transl Med ; 8(12): 1286-1295, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692298

RESUMEN

Current regenerative strategies for alveolar bone and periodontal tissues are effective and well adopted. These are mainly based on the use of a combination of synthetic/natural scaffolds and bioactive agents, obviating the incorporation of cells. However, there are some inherent limitations associated with traditional techniques, and we hypothesized that the use of cell-based therapies as part of comprehensive regenerative protocols may help overcome these hurdles to enhance clinical outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of human controlled clinical trials investigating the clinical and/or histological effect of the use of cell-based therapies for alveolar bone and periodontal regeneration and explored the translational potential of the different cell-based strategies identified in the included trials. A total of 16 studies (11 randomized controlled trials, 5 controlled clinical trials) were included for data synthesis and qualitative analysis with meta-analyses performed when appropriate. The results suggest a clinical benefit from the use of cell therapy. Improved outcomes were shown for alveolar ridge preservation, lateral ridge augmentation, and periodontal regeneration. However, there was insufficient evidence to identify best-performing treatment modalities amongst the different cell-based techniques. In light of the clinical and histological outcomes, we identify extraction socket and challenging lateral and vertical bone defects requiring bone block grafts as strong candidates for the adjuvant application of mesenchymal stem cells. Given the complexity, invasiveness, and costs associated with techniques that include "substantial manipulation" of tissues and cells, their additional clinical benefit when compared with "minimal manipulation" must be elucidated in future trials. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2019;8:1286&1295.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/terapia , Tratamiento Basado en Trasplante de Células y Tejidos/métodos , Enfermedades Periodontales/terapia , Medicina Regenerativa , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Humanos
6.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(3): 267-280, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535097

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles after a follow-up of 5 years in function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and MEDLINE were searched up to 1st September 2018 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with a follow-up of at least 5 years in function comparing fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles. Outcome measures were prosthesis failure, implant failures, augmentation procedure failures, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone level changes. Screening of eligible studies, assessment of the risk of bias and data extraction were conducted in duplicate and independently by two review authors. The statistical unit of the analysis was the prosthesis. Results were expressed as random-effects models using mean differences for continuous outcomes and risk ratios (RR) for dichotomous outcomes with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Four eligible RCTs that included originally 135 patients were included. Two RCTs had a parallel-group design and two a split-mouth design. Short implants were 5.0 to 6.6 mm long and were compared with longer implants placed in posterior mandibles augmented with interpositional blocks of bone substitutes. All trials were judged at unclear risk of bias. Twelve (14%) bone augmentation procedures failed to achieve the planned bone height to allow placement of implants with the planned length. Five years after loading, 28 patients (21%) had dropped out from the four RCTs. There were no differences for patients having prosthesis (RR = 1.46; 95% CI: 0.52 to 4.09; P = 0.47; I2 = 0%) or implant (RR = 1.00; 95% CI: 0.31 to 3.21; P = 1.00; I2 = 0%) failures between the two interventions, but there were more patients experiencing complications (RR = 4.72; 95% CI: 2.43 to 9.17; P < 0.00001; I2 = 0%) and peri-implant marginal bone loss (mean difference = 0.60 mm; 95% CI: 0.36 to 0.83; P < 0.00001; I2 = 45%) at longer implants in augmented bone. CONCLUSIONS: Five years after loading, prosthetic and implant failures were similar between the two interventions, but complications and peri-implant marginal bone loss were higher and more severe at longer implants placed in vertically augmented mandibles. Larger trials and longer follow-ups up to 10 years after loading are needed to confirm or reject the present preliminary findings. However in the meantime short implants could be the preferable option.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Mandíbula , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
J Periodontol ; 90(12): 1399-1422, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361330

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This updated Cochrane systematic review (SR) evaluated the efficacy of different root coverage (RC) procedures in the treatment of single and multiple gingival recessions (GR). METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) only of at least 6 months' duration evaluating Miller's Class I or II GR (≥3 mm) treated by means of RC procedures. Five databases were searched up to January 16, 2018. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted thoroughly. RESULTS: We included 48 RCTs in the SR. The results indicated a greater GR reduction for subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTG) + coronally advanced flap (CAF) compared to guided tissue regeneration with resorbable membranes (GTR rm) + CAF (mean difference [MD]: -0.37 mm). There was insufficient evidence of a difference in GR reduction between acellular dermal matrix grafts (ADMG) + CAF and SCTG + CAF or between enamel matrix derivative (EMD) + CAF and SCTG + CAF. Greater gains in the keratinized tissue width (KTW) were found for SCTG + CAF when compared to EMD + CAF (MD: -1.06 mm), and SCTG + CAF when compared to GTR rm + CAF (MD: -1.77 mm). There was insufficient evidence of a difference in KTW gain between ADMG + CAF and SCTG + CAF. CONCLUSIONS: SCTG, CAF alone or associated with another biomaterial may be used for treating single or multiple GR. There is also some evidence suggesting that ADMG appear as the soft tissue substitute that may provide the most similar outcomes to those achieved by SCTG.


Asunto(s)
Recesión Gingival , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal , Tejido Conectivo , Encía , Humanos , Colgajos Quirúrgicos , Raíz del Diente , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(1): 13-22, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116185

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of keratinised mucosa on the long-term success of dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two edentulous patients had one of their dental arches rehabilitated with a provisional screw-retained resin reinforced cross-arch fixed prosthesis supported by four immediately loaded implants. The two central straight implants were randomly allocated in two equal groups, according to a parallel-group design, to receive or not intermediate abutments (Multi-Unit Abutment, MUA). However, for the purpose of the present publication, the study was considered as a prospective single cohort study. To be immediately loaded, implants had to be inserted with a minimum torque of 30 Ncm, which was achieved by all implants. Provisional prostheses were delivered within 24 hours and were replaced, after 4 months, by definitive screw-retained metal-ceramic prostheses. Patients were followed up to 5 years after loading. Prostheses were removed every 8 months to facilitate professionally delivered maintenance. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant failures, complications, peri-implant marginal bone level (MBL) changes, bleeding on probing (BoP) and keratinised mucosa height (KMH). The absence of vestibular or lingual keratinised mucosa was put in relation with peri-implant bone loss and BoP. RESULTS: Five-years after loading two patients dropped out and no implant or prosthetic failure occurred. Four patients were affected by prosthetic complications. At delivery of definitive prostheses, 32 (25%) implants had at least one vestibular or lingual site with no KMH and 96 (75%) implants had both sites with some KMH. Multi-level models did not show any statistically significant association between KMH at the time of delivery of the definitive prosthesis and changes in MBL and BoP at 5 years (estimate = 0.02; 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.05; P = 0.3393; and 1.02; 95% CI: 0.79 to 1.33; P = 0.8695, respectively). When KMH was analysed as dichotomous variable, implants with presence of KMH at delivery of definitive prosthesis at both vestibular and lingual aspects showed a trend of less BoP (estimate = -0.8; 95% CI: -1.69 to 0.08; P = 0.0741) but a statistically significant greater MBL loss compared to implants where KMH was only present at one site (estimate = 0.18; 95% CI: -0.1 to 0.3; P = 0.0041). CONCLUSIONS: The 5-year after loading outcome of immediately loaded screw-retained cross-arch prostheses supported by four implants is excellent in both the maxilla and mandible. Although the height of the keratinised mucosa did not seem to alter the clinical outcomes, its presence both at vestibular and lingual sites was associated with an increased marginal bone loss when compared to implants having at least one side without keratinised mucosa.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental , Estudios de Cohortes , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Humanos , Membrana Mucosa , Estudios Prospectivos
9.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(1): 57-72, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116188

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether 6-mm-long by 4-mm-wide dental implants could be an alternative to implants at least 10-mm long placed in bone augmented with bone substitutes in posterior atrophic jaws. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients with bilateral atrophic mandibles and 20 patients with bilateral atrophic maxillae, having 5 to 7 mm of bone height below the maxillary sinus or 6 to 8 mm above the mandibular canal, had their sides of the jaws randomly allocated according to a split-mouth design. They were allocated to receive one to three 6-mm-long and 4-mm-wide implants, or implants at least 10-mm long in augmented bone by two different surgeons in different centres. Mandibles were vertically augmented with interpositional equine bone blocks and resorbable barriers, and implants were placed 3 months later. Maxillary sinuses were augmented with particulated porcine bone via a lateral window and implants were placed simultaneously. All implants were submerged and loaded, after 4 months, with provisional prostheses. Four months later, definitive prostheses were delivered. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant failures, any complication and radiographic peri-implant marginal bone level changes. The follow-up was 5 years after loading for all patients. RESULTS: Eight patients (five treated in mandibles and three in maxillae) dropped out before the 5-year post-loading follow-up. Four short implants (two maxillary and two mandibular) affected by peri-implantitis failed together with their prostheses versus three mandibular prostheses which could not be placed on implants at least 10-mm long due to graft failures; one was associated with the loss of three implants because of infection. There were no statistically significant differences in implant (P = 1.0) and prosthesis failures (P = 1.0). In total, 19 complications occurred in 14 patients at augmented sites versus five complications in four patients with 6-mm-long implants (P = 0.118). More complications occurred at grafted sites both in mandibles (P = 0.727), and maxillae (P = 0.063), although the differences were not statistically significant. In mandibles, patients with 6-mm-long implants lost an average of 1.34 ± 0.35 mm of peri-implant bone at 5 years versus 2.11 ± 0.59 mm in patients with implants at least 10-mm long. The difference was statistically significant (mean difference = 0.77 ± 0.70 mm; 95% CI: 0.32 to 1.21 mm; P = 0.003). In maxillae, patients with 6-mm-long implants lost an average of 1.52 ± 0.47 mm of peri-implant bone at 5 years versus 1.85 ± 0.51 mm in patients with implants at least 10-mm long. The difference was statistically significant (mean difference = 0.33 ± 0.36 mm; 95% CI: 0.14 to 0.53 mm; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Results at 5 years after loading indicate that 6-mm-long implants with a conventional diameter of 4 mm achieved similar results to longer implants placed in augmented bone. Short implants might be a preferable choice to bone augmentation, especially in posterior mandibles since the treatment was faster, cheaper and associated with less morbidity. However, 10-year post-loading data are necessary before making reliable recommendations.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Animales , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Caballos , Humanos
10.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(1): 77-87, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116189

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of tooth extractions in patients taking oral antithrombotic without reducing their dose. Four different interventions were compared within the same patient: suturing alone (control group), suturing plus a haemostatic plug, suturing plus advanced-platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF+) plug, and suturing plus leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) plug into the socket. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients, taking oral antiplatelet agents, requiring the extraction of at least four non-adjacent teeth were selected for the study. After extractions the sockets were randomly allocated to suturing alone (control group), suturing plus haemostatic plug (HAEM), suturing plus advanced-platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF+) plug, and suturing plus leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) plug into the socket without reducing the dose of oral antiplatelets according to a split-mouth design. Outcome measures were complications, time to complete each procedure, postoperative bleeding, costs of the materials, patient preference and a wound healing index recorded 1 and 2 weeks postextraction by blinded assessors. RESULTS: Two weeks after extraction no patient dropped out and no complication was reported. The average time to complete suturing after tooth extractions was: 1.0 ± 0.00 minutes at control sites, 1.5 ± 0.41 at HAEM sites, 2.8 ± 0.61 at A-PRF+ sites, and 2.8 ± 0.56 at L-PRF sites, the difference being statistically significant between each pairwise comparison except A-PRF+ vs L-PRF. Postoperative bleeding 30 minutes after extractions was present at 8, 5, 1 and 2 sites for control, HAEM, A-PRF+ and L-PRF sites, respectively. A-PRF showed statistically significantly less bleeding compared to the control group (odds ratio = 0.1 (95% CI [0.01;0.86]; P < 0.0361). In all cases bleeding was moderate in nature and not severe. One week after extractions the mean wound healing index was 1.05 ± 0.60 for control, 1.18 ± 0.59 for HAEM, 1.00 ± 0.68 for A-PRF+ and 0.95 ± 0.50 for L-PRF sites. No statistically significant difference was detected across groups (P = 0.633). Two weeks after extractions the mean wound healing index was 0.33 ± 0.53 for control, 0.43 ± 0.50 for HAEM, 0.25 ± 0.49 for A-PRF+ and 0.15 ± 0.36 for L-PRF sites. No statistically significant difference across groups was detected (P = 0.255). One week after extractions, nine patients preferred control sites, eight HAEM, ten A-PRF+, four L-PRF and nine had no preference. No statistically significant differences were detected for control sites (P = 0.6779), HAEM (P = 1.0000), A-PRF+ (P = 0.4055) and L-PRF (P = 0.1472). Two weeks after extractions five patients preferred control sites, three HAEM, eight A-PRF+, eight L-PRF and 16 had no preference. No statistically significant differences were detected for control sites (P = 0.8147), HAEM (P = 0.2363), A-PRF+ (P = 0.3488) and L-PRF (P = 0.3488). Costs without counting sutures and blood centrifuges were 0.00, 14.49, 2.44 and 2.44 Euro for control, HAEM, A-PRF+ and L-PRF sites, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: It may not be necessary to discontinue the use of oral antiplatelets in patients undergoing dental extractions and, when present, the minor statistically significant differences between procedures were not clinically relevant; therefore clinicians can use any of the tested interventions according to their preference, keeping in mind that simple suturing is sufficient and is faster and cheaper, and that A-PRF+ was associated with less postoperative bleeding when compared to suturing alone.


Asunto(s)
Hemostáticos , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Humanos , Leucocitos , Suturas , Extracción Dental
11.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(2): 155-167, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090747

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether there are some clinical benefits by placing single dental implants either 0.5 mm or 1.5 mm subcrestally in healed bone crests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty partially edentulous patients requiring two single implant-supported crowns had both sites randomly allocated either to 0.5-mm or 1.5-mm subcrestal implant placement according to a split-mouth design at six centres and submerged in aesthetic areas or non-submerged in non-aesthetic areas for 3 months. Provisional acrylic crowns were delivered and were replaced after 2 months by definitive metal-ceramic crowns. Patients were followed to 3 years after loading. Outcome measures were: crown and implant failures, complications, aesthetics assessed using the pink aesthetic score (PES), peri-implant marginal bone level changes and patient preference, recorded by blinded assessors. RESULTS: One patient dropped out. One patient lost both implants for infection at impression taking. Seven complications affected seven patients of the 0.5-mm group and four complications affected four patients of the 1.5-mm subcrestal group. Three patients had complications at both implants. There were no statistically significant differences for complications between group (OR = 4; 95% CI: 0.45 to 35.79; P (McNemar test) = 0.375). At delivery of definitive crowns, 2 months after loading, the mean PES was 11.22 ± 1.91 and 11.12 ± 1.59 for the 0.5- and 1.5-mm groups, respectively. At 1 year after loading, the mean PES was 12.09 ± 1.66 and 12.10 ± 1.52 for the 0.5- and 1.5-mm groups, respectively. At 3 years after loading, the mean PES was 11.99 ± 1.94 and 12.19 ± 1.78 for the 0.5- and 1.5-mm groups, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups at 2 months (P = 0.626), at 1 year (P = 0.920) or at 3 years (P = 0.296). One year after loading, patients of the 0.5-mm group lost on average 0.21 ± 0.51 mm and those of the 1.5-mm group 0.11 ± 0.36 mm, the difference being not statistically significant (difference = 0.10 mm; 95% CI: -0.01 to 0.20; P = 0.078). Three years after loading, patients of the 0.5-mm group lost on average 0.34 ± 0.87 mm and those of the 1.5-mm group 0.19 ± 0.54 mm, the difference being statistically significant (difference = 0.15 mm; 95% CI: 0.00 to 0.30; P = 0.046). Patients did not prefer any depth of the implant placement over the other. There were no differences in outcomes between centres. CONCLUSIONS: No appreciable clinical differences were noticed when placing implants 0.5 mm or 1.5 mm subcrestally; therefore clinicians can do as they prefer.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental , Coronas , Humanos , Prioridad del Paciente , Factores de Tiempo
12.
J Clin Periodontol ; 46(3): 382-395, 2019 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729548

RESUMEN

AIM: This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aims to answer to the following question: "In patients undergoing dental implant placement, which is the best antibiotic prophylaxis protocol to prevent early failures?" MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CENTRAL and Web of Knowledge electronic databases were searched in duplicate for RCTs up to July 2017. Additional relevant literature was identified through (i) handsearching on both relevant journals and reference lists, and (ii) searching in databases for grey literature. A network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted, and the probability that each protocol is the "Best" was estimated. RESULTS: Nine RCTs were included, with a total of 1,693 participants. Due to the few events reported, it was not possible to conduct a NMA for adverse events, therefore it was conducted only for implant failures (IF). The protocol with the highest probability (32.5%) of being the "Best" one to prevent IF was the single dose of 3 g of amoxicillin administered 1 hr pre-operatively. Even if the single pre-operative dose of 2 g of amoxicillin is the most used, it achieved only a probability of 0.2% to be the "Best" one. CONCLUSIONS: Basing on the available RCTs, the use of antibiotic prophylaxis is protective against early implant failures. Whenever an antibiotic prophylaxis is needed, there is still insufficient evidence to confidently recommend a specific dosage. The use of post-operative courses does not seem however to be justified by the available literature. Prospero registration number: CRD42015029708.


Asunto(s)
Profilaxis Antibiótica , Implantes Dentales , Amoxicilina , Antibacterianos , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos
13.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD007161, 2018 10 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277568

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Gingival recession is defined as the oral exposure of the root surface due to a displacement of the gingival margin apical to the cemento-enamel junction and it is regularly linked to the deterioration of dental aesthetics. Successful treatment of recession-type defects is based on the use of predictable root coverage periodontal plastic surgery (RCPPS) procedures. This review is an update of the original version that was published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of different root coverage procedures in the treatment of single and multiple recession-type defects. SEARCH METHODS: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 15 January 2018), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2017, Issue 12) in the Cochrane Library (searched 15 January 2018), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 15 January 2018), and Embase Ovid (1980 to 15 January 2018). The US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials (15 January 2018). No restrictions were placed on the language or date of publication when searching the electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) only of at least 6 months' duration evaluating recession areas (Miller's Class I or II ≥ 3 mm) and treated by means of RCPPS procedures. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Screening of eligible studies, data extraction and risk of bias assessment were conducted independently and in duplicate. Authors were contacted for any missing information. We expressed results as random-effects models using mean differences (MD) for continuous outcomes and odds ratios (OR) for dichotomous outcomes with 95% confidence intervals (CI). We used GRADE methods to assess the quality of the body of evidence of our main comparisons. MAIN RESULTS: We included 48 RCTs in the review. Of these, we assessed one as at low risk of bias, 12 as at high risk of bias and 35 as at unclear risk of bias. The results indicated a greater reduction in gingival recession for subepithelial connective tissue grafts (SCTG) + coronally advanced flap (CAF) compared to guided tissue regeneration with resorbable membranes (GTR rm) + CAF (MD -0.37 mm; 95% CI -0.60 to -0.13, P = 0.002; 3 studies; 98 participants; low-quality evidence). There was insufficient evidence of a difference in gingival recession reduction between acellular dermal matrix grafts (ADMG) + CAF and SCTG + CAF or between enamel matrix protein (EMP) + CAF and SCTG + CAF. Regarding clinical attachment level changes, GTR rm + CAF promoted additional gains compared to SCTG + CAF (MD 0.35; 95% CI 0.06 to 0.63, P = 0.02; 3 studies; 98 participants; low-quality evidence) but there was insufficient evidence of a difference between ADMG + CAF and SCTG + CAF or between EMP + CAF and SCTG + CAF. Greater gains in the keratinized tissue were found for SCTG + CAF when compared to EMP + CAF (MD -1.06 mm; 95% CI -1.36 to -0.76, P < 0.00001; 2 studies; 62 participants; low-quality evidence), and SCTG + CAF when compared to GTR rm + CAF (MD -1.77 mm; 95% CI -2.66 to -0.89, P < 0.0001; 3 studies; 98 participants; very low-quality evidence). There was insufficient evidence of a difference in keratinized tissue gain between ADMG + CAF and SCTG + CAF. Few data exist on aesthetic condition change related to patients' opinion and patients' preference for a specific procedure. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Subepithelial connective tissue grafts, coronally advanced flap alone or associated with other biomaterial and guided tissue regeneration may be used as root coverage procedures for treating localised or multiple recession-type defects. The available evidence base indicates that in cases where both root coverage and gain in the width of keratinized tissue are expected, the use of subepithelial connective tissue grafts shows a slight improvement in outcome. There is also some weak evidence suggesting that acellular dermal matrix grafts appear as the soft tissue substitute that may provide the most similar outcomes to those achieved by subepithelial connective tissue grafts. RCTs are necessary to identify possible factors associated with the prognosis of each RCPPS procedure. The potential impact of bias on these outcomes is unclear.


Asunto(s)
Recesión Gingival/cirugía , Gingivoplastia/métodos , Dermis Acelular , Proteínas del Esmalte Dental/uso terapéutico , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal/métodos , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Colgajos Quirúrgicos/trasplante
14.
J Clin Periodontol ; 44(1): 58-66, 2017 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27736011

RESUMEN

AIM: Compare the long-term outcomes and costs of three treatment modalities in intra-bony defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five intra-bony defects in 45 patients had been randomly allocated to receive: modified papilla preservation technique with titanium-reinforced expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) membranes (MPPT Tit, N = 15); access flap with expanded-PTFE membranes (Flap-ePTFE, N = 15) and access flap alone (Flap, N = 15). Supportive periodontal care (SPC) was provided monthly for 1 year, then every 3 months for 20 years. Periodontal therapy was delivered to sites showing recurrences. RESULTS: Forty-one patients complied with SPC. Four subjects were lost to follow-up. Clinical attachment-level differences between 1 and 20 years were -0.1 ± 0.3 mm (p = 0.58) in the MPPT Tit; -0.5 ± 0.1 mm (p = 0.003) in the Flap-ePTFE and -1.7 ± 0.4 mm (p < 0.001) in the Flap. At 20 years, sites treated with Flap showed greater attachment loss compared to MPPT Tit (1.4 ± 0.4 mm; p = 0.008) and to Flap-ePTFE (1.1 ± 0.4 mm; p = 0.03). Flap group lost two treated teeth. Five episodes of recurrences occurred in the MPPT Tit, six in the Flap-ePTFE and fifteen in the Flap group. Residual pocket depth at 1-year was significantly correlated with the number of recurrences (p = 0.002). Sites treated with flap had greater OR for recurrences and higher costs of re-intervention than regenerated sites over a 20-year follow-up period with SPC. CONCLUSIONS: Regeneration provided better long-term benefits than Flap: no tooth loss, less periodontitis progression and less expense from re-intervention over a 20-year period. These benefits need to be interpreted in the context of higher immediate costs associated with regenerative treatment. These initial observations need to be extended to larger groups and broader clinical settings.


Asunto(s)
Costos y Análisis de Costo , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal/economía , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal/métodos , Periodontitis/economía , Periodontitis/cirugía , Politetrafluoroetileno , Colgajos Quirúrgicos , Titanio , Adulto , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia , Regeneración , Factores de Tiempo , Pérdida de Diente/epidemiología , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
J Periodontol ; 87(12): 1371-1378, 2016 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27523520

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this split-mouth study is to compare long-term (18 to 35 years) periodontal conditions of sites treated with gingival augmentation procedures (GAPs) and untreated homologous contralateral sites. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with 64 sites (test group), with lack of attached gingiva associated with recessions, were treated with marginal or submarginal free gingival grafts. Sixty-four contralateral homologous sites (control group), with or without gingival recession (GR) and with attached gingiva, were left untreated. Patients were recalled every 4 to 6 months during follow-up period. GR depth, keratinized tissue (KT) width, and probing depth were measured at baseline (T0), 1 year after surgery (T1), during follow-up (10 to 27 years, T2), and at the end of the follow-up period (18 to 35 years, T3). Multilevel and regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: At the end of T3, 83% of the 64 treated sites showed recession reduction (RecRed), whereas 48% of the 64 untreated sites experienced increase in recession. Treated sites ended with gingival margin (GM) 1.7 mm (P = 0.01) more coronal and KT 3.3 mm (P <0.001) wider than untreated sites. In grafted sites, KT at T3 remained stable compared with T1 value (4.1 mm, P <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Sites treated with GAPs resulted in coronal displacement of GM with RecRed up to complete root coverage, whereas contralateral untreated sites showed a tendency to increase in existing recession or develop new recession during the 18- to 35-year follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Recesión Gingival/cirugía , Colgajos Quirúrgicos , Tejido Conectivo , Estudios de Seguimiento , Encía , Humanos , Raíz del Diente , Resultado del Tratamiento
16.
J Clin Periodontol ; 43(11): 965-975, 2016 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27454460

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review (SR) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore if periodontal plastic surgery procedures for the treatment of single and multiple gingival recessions (Rec) may improve aesthetics at patient and professional levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In order to combine evidence from direct and indirect comparisons by different trials a Bayesian network meta-analysis (BNM) was planned. A literature search on PubMed, Cochrane libraries, EMBASE, and hand-searched journals until January 2016 was conducted to identify RCTs presenting aesthetic outcomes after root coverage using standardized evaluations at patient and professional level. RESULTS: A total of 16 RCTs were selected in the SR; three RTCs presenting professional aesthetic evaluation with Root coverage Aesthetic Score (RES) and three showing final self-perception using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS Est) could be included in a BNM model. Coronally Advanced Flap plus Connective Tissue Graft (CAF + CTG) and CAF + Acellular Dermal Matrix (ADM) and Autologous Fibroblasts (AF) were associated with the best RES outcomes (best probability = 24% and 64%, respectively), while CAF + CTG and CAF + CTG + Enamel matrix Derivatives (EMD) obtained highest values of VAS Est score (best probability = 44% and 26%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontal Plastic Surgery (PPS) techniques applying grafts underneath CAF with or without the adding of EMD are associated with improved aesthetics assessed by final patient perception and RES as professional evaluation system.


Asunto(s)
Estética Dental , Teorema de Bayes , Tejido Conectivo , Proteínas del Esmalte Dental , Estética , Encía , Recesión Gingival , Humanos , Metaanálisis en Red , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
J Periodontol ; 87(3): 291-302, 2016 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26609696

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate and synthesize scientific evidence on the effect of surgical interventions for removal of mandibular third molar (M3M) on periodontal healing of adjacent mandibular second molar (M2M). METHODS: The protocol was registered at PROSPERO (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews) as CRD42012003059. Medline, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases were interrogated to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) up to December 22, 2014. Patients with M3Ms fully developed, unilaterally or bilaterally impacted, were considered. Outcomes were clinical attachment level gain (CALg) and probing depth reduction (PDr) with a follow-up ≥ 6 months. Patient-subjective outcomes, such as pain, discomfort, and complications, and financial aspects and chair time, were also explored. A Bayesian network meta-analysis model was used to estimate direct and indirect effects and to establish a ranking of treatments. RESULTS: Sixteen RCTs were included and categorized into four groups investigating the following: 1) regenerative/grafting procedures (10 RCTs); 2) flap design (three RCTs); 3) type of suturing (one RCT); and 4) periodontal care of M2M (two RCTs). Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) with resorbable (GTRr) and non-resorbable (GTRnr) membrane and GTRr with anorganic xenograft (GTRr + AX) showed the highest mean ranking for CALg (2.99, 90% credible interval [CrI] = 1 to 5; 2.80, 90% CrI = 1 to 6; and 2.29, 90% CrI = 1 to 6, respectively) and PDr (2.83, 90% CrI = 1 to 5; 2.52, 90% CrI = 1 to 5; and 2.77, 90% CrI = 1 to 6, respectively). GTRr + AX showed the highest probability (Pr) of being the best treatment for CALg (Pr = 45%) and PDr (Pr = 32%). Direct and network quality of evidence were rated from very low to moderate. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of the authors' knowledge, the present review is the first one to evaluate quantitatively and qualitatively the effect of different interventions on periodontal healing distal to the second molar after extraction of the third molar. GTR-based procedures with or without combined grafting therapies provide some adjunctive clinical benefit compared to standard non-regenerative/non-grafting procedures. However, the overall low quality of evidence suggests a low degree of confidence and certainty in treatment effects. Evidence on variations of surgical M3M removal techniques based on flap design, type of suturing, and periodontal care of M2M is limited both qualitatively and quantitatively.


Asunto(s)
Tercer Molar/cirugía , Periodoncio/lesiones , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos , Diente Molar , Metaanálisis en Red , Cicatrización de Heridas
18.
Eur J Oral Implantol ; 8(4): 331-44, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26669544

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate advantages and disadvantages of identical implants with internal or external connections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred patients with any type of edentulism (single tooth, partial and total edentulism) requiring one implant-supported prosthesis were randomly allocated in two equal groups to receive either implants with an external connection (EC) or implants of the same type but with an internal connection (IC) (EZ Plus, MegaGen Implant, Gyeongbuk, South Korea) at seven centres. Due to slight differences in implant design/components, IC implants were platform switched while EC were not. Patients were followed for 1 year after initial loading. Outcome measures were prosthesis/implant failures, any complication, marginal bone level changes and clinician preference assessed by blinded outcome assessors. RESULTS: One hundred and two patients received 173 EC implants and 98 patients received 154 IC implants. Six patients dropped out with 11 EC implants and 3 patients with four IC implants, but all remaining patients were followed up to 1-year post-loading. Two centres did not provide any periapical radiographs. Two prostheses supported by EC implants and one supported by IC implants failed (P = 1.000, difference = -0.01, 95% CI: -0.05 to 0.04). Three EC implants failed in 3 patients versus two IC implants in 1 patient (P = 0.6227, difference = -0.02, 95% CI: -0.07 to 0.03). EC implants were affected by nine complications in 9 patients versus six complications of IC implants in 6 patients (P = 0.5988, difference = -0.02, 95% CI: -0.10 to 0.06). There were no statistically significant differences for prosthesis/implant failures and complications between the implant systems. One year after loading, there were no statistically significant differences in marginal bone level changes between the two groups (difference = 0.24, 95% CI: -0.01 to 0.50, P = 0.0629) and both groups lost bone from implant placement in a statistically significant manner: 0.98 mm for the EC implants and 0.85 mm for the IC implants. Five operators had no preference and two preferred IC implants. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations given by the difference in neck design and platform switching between EC and IC implants, preliminary short-term data (1-year post-loading) did not show any statistically significant differences between the two connection types, therefore clinicians could choose whichever one they preferred.


Asunto(s)
Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar , Implantes Dentales , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Adulto , Anciano , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/etiología , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Coronas/efectos adversos , Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar/efectos adversos , Implantación Dental Endoósea/métodos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/efectos adversos , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Dentadura Parcial Fija/efectos adversos , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental/métodos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Radiografía de Mordida Lateral , Fumar , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
19.
Eur J Oral Implantol ; 8(4): 397-403, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26669549

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To propose a method to measure the esthetics of the smile and to report its validation by means of an intra-rater and inter-rater agreement analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten variables were chosen as determinants for the esthetics of a smile: smile line and facial midline, tooth alignment, tooth deformity, tooth dischromy, gingival dischromy, gingival recession, gingival excess, gingival scars and diastema/missing papillae. One examiner consecutively selected seventy smile pictures, which were in the frontal view. Ten examiners, with different levels of clinical experience and specialties, applied the proposed assessment method twice on the selected pictures, independently and blindly. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Fleiss' kappa) statistics were performed to analyse the intra-rater and inter-rater agreement. RESULTS: Considering the cumulative assessment of the Smile Esthetic Index (SEI), the ICC value for the inter-rater agreement of the 10 examiners was 0.62 (95% CI: 0.51 to 0.72), representing a substantial agreement. Intra-rater agreement ranged from 0.86 to 0.99. Inter-rater agreement (Fleiss' kappa statistics) calculated for each variable ranged from 0.17 to 0.75. CONCLUSION: The SEI was a reproducible method, to assess the esthetic component of the smile, useful for the diagnostic phase and for setting appropriate treatment plans.


Asunto(s)
Estética Dental/clasificación , Sonrisa , Adulto , Cicatriz/patología , Diastema/patología , Estética Dental/estadística & datos numéricos , Cara/anatomía & histología , Femenino , Enfermedades de las Encías/patología , Sobrecrecimiento Gingival/patología , Recesión Gingival/patología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Variaciones Dependientes del Observador , Trastornos de la Pigmentación/patología , Diente/anatomía & histología , Anomalías Dentarias/patología , Decoloración de Dientes/patología , Adulto Joven
20.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 36: 150-7, 2015 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26458182

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Dental age of adults can be estimated by the analysis of the progressive physiological and degenerative phenomena which affect dental tissues. The pulp-dentinal complex is one of the dental structures that show modifications related to age, mainly resulting in the reduction of the pulp chamber volume due to the continual deposition of secondary dentin. The study aims to evaluate the accuracy of a simple and conservative method for estimating the age of adults based on CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography) analysis of the narrowing of the pulp chamber caused by secondary dentin deposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two operators have randomly analyzed 148 CBCT (Scanora 3D - Soredex) and considered the upper left central incisor. The sample consists of 57 male individuals and 91 females aged between 10 and 80 years. This research was designed to simplify dental volume measurement through geometric approximation of the different parts of the tooth. The root and the pulp were assimilated to elliptical based cones and the crown to an elliptical based truncated cone and these volumes were calculated through measurements using Osirix(®) software (OnDemand 3D software CyberMed Inc.). The ratio between the pulp volume and the hard tissues volume (PHr) was assumed as a variable according to the following formula: PHr = V pulp/V ht. The proposed method based on geometric approximation of dental volumes was validated comparing volumes calculated using CBCT with physical measurements of real volumes of 3 teeth. RESULTS: The physical measurements revealed that the measurement procedures using CBCT produce a regular underestimation of real volumes, that ranges from 53% to 70%. Since the error occurs quite regularly both for pulp and for hard tissue volume, it tends to be eliminated when their ratio is considered. The PHr was statistically significant (p-value < 0.001) as a predictor for age estimation. The gender variable was not significantly correlated with age (p = 0.7694) and it was, therefore, excluded from the linear regression formula for age estimation: Age = -64.14 - 32.00*Ln PHr. The age cohorts between 30 to 59 years showed the highest accuracy in age prediction (residual errors 0.71, 2.88, and -5.86 years), whilst for other age cohorts the estimation error is similarly reported by applying other dental methods. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of this pilot study show that the narrowing of the pulp chamber is a reliable parameter for estimating the age of adults, and that CBCT is an easy and conservative approach that allows accurate calculation of tooth volumes. The proposed approach based on geometric approximation of upper central incisor volumes measured by CBCT remarkably reduced the operating time in comparison to other more complex and expensive techniques. The validation procedure in which real volumes are compared with those calculated using CBCT supports the accuracy of the experimented approach and the good inter-examiner agreement (ICC 0.99) demonstrates that the method is highly reproducible.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Edad por los Dientes/métodos , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Cavidad Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagen , Dentina Secundaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Imagenología Tridimensional , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Niño , Femenino , Odontología Forense/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto , Adulto Joven
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