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Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690034


Background: After implementing the Tuning Educational Structures in Europe Project, numerous efforts have been made to define, establish, and evaluate nursing competences. The European Federation of Nurses Association played a key role in enacting the nursing competences included in Directive 2013/55/EU. Nevertheless, assessing competences remains elusive, and there is little research into nurses' perceptions of the competency training provided by their universities. The purpose of the study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of newly qualified nurses about the competences they acquired during their university education. Methods: A qualitative research study was developed in a Spanish university. Twelve semi-structured interviews with newly qualified nurses were conducted, and two focus groups made up of twelve students were carried out in order to triangulate the results. Participants were recruited through email contact. Interviews focused on clinical training, theoretical content, and the reality of healthcare. Data was analyzed thematically. Results: Two main themes emerged: (1) improving theoretical content and (2) rethinking practical lessons and clinical training. A lack of knowledge about mental health, pharmacology, or critical care has been found; in addition, it was highlighted, among others, the need to improve communication skills in difficult and conflictive situations. Conclusions: Considering the participants' perception of deficiency in some aspects of most of the competences established by the European Federation of Nurses Association, further research has been suggested to include other stakeholders' views.

Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540030


The history of the Western Sahara has been marked by several events that have contributed to the protracted refugee situation in which the Sahrawi people have found themselves since 1975: the Spanish colonization and the subsequent decolonization process, the armed struggles between the indigenous population and the states of Morocco and Mauritania to occupy Western Saharan territory, assassinations and repression of the Sahrawi population, and the economic interests of external agents with regards to mineral resources. Twenty-five years ago, in the hostile environment of the Sahrawi refugee camps, a nursing school was founded. Essentially depending on foreign aid, this school has been responsible for training nursing professionals to meet the healthcare needs of the population. The aim of this paper is to provide an approach to the origin and evolution of nursing education for the Sahrawi refugee camps. The Sahrawi are the only refugee camps in the world to host such nursing schools.

Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Campos de Refugiados , Facultades de Enfermería , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Masculino , Mauritania , Persona de Mediana Edad , Marruecos , Grupos de Población , Refugiados
Midwifery ; 75: 12-15, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978587


The historical backdrop of Western Sahara has meant that, for the last 43 years, part of its indigenous population has survived in refugee camps located in the Algerian desert. International aid from abroad has become the main source of sustenance for all people living in this hostile environment. Since the beginning of this type of settlement, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic has been concerned with creating the necessary infrastructures to meet the health needs of the people living in these conditions. As a result, the Ahmed Abdel-Fatah School of Nursing was created in the Sahrawi refugee camps, which began to train midwives to care for women during the stages of pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum in 2002. The aim of this paper is to provide an approach to the origin and evolution of midwifery education for the Sahrawi refugee camps, in the only school of nursing that exists worldwide in a refugee camp.

Partería/métodos , Campos de Refugiados/organización & administración , Prestación de Atención de Salud/métodos , Humanos , Partería/educación , Partería/tendencias , Marruecos , Campos de Refugiados/tendencias , Facultades de Enfermería/organización & administración , Facultades de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905756


Background: Assuring quality training for future nursing professionals is essential to preserving population health and socio-economic development. Quality assurance in the European Higher Education Area places students in a leading role to transform and improve higher education programs. Therefore, an innovative way of reviewing strengths and weaknesses of the nursing education program of a Spanish university has been developed. Objectives: The aim of this paper was to explore the perceptions and opinions of nursing students and newly-qualified nurses regarding the contents of the nursing curriculum in order to improve its quality. Methods: Descriptive and exploratory qualitative research was carried out involving 12 newly-qualified nurses and 12 student nurses. Semi-structured interviews and focus groups were performed. Results: Based on the thematic analysis, two themes emerged: improving clinical practices and reviewing the theoretical curriculum. Conclusions: Among the improvements suggested by the participants, the most relevant ones were establishing a clear structure of learning contents in the practicum, and redistributing the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS credits in various courses of the study program. However, additional evidence is needed prior to proceeding with any changes.

Curriculum/normas , Educación en Enfermería/normas , Guías como Asunto , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería/métodos , Personal de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación Cualitativa , España , Adulto Joven
Index enferm ; 26(1/2): 25-28, ene.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-167060


Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia de la incontinencia urinaria (IU) en mujeres de la ciudad de Jaén (España) y su distribución por edad e identificar el tipo de IU que padecen. Metodología: se diseñó un estudio descriptivo y transversal. Participaron 379 mujeres adscritas a los centros de salud de la ciudad de Jaén de entre 30 y 80 años de edad que acuden a consulta de Enfermería. Se estimó la prevalencia y el tipo de IU con el cuestionario de versión española del International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). Resultados: la prevalencia encontrada fue del 43,3%. El número de casos con pérdida de orina presenta una pendiente positiva con la edad. Respecto al tipo de incontinencia 12,2% (20) era de urgencias, un 60,4% (99) de esfuerzo, un 17,1% (28) mixta y otras IU un 10,4%. Conclusión principal: la prevalencia de la IU en mujeres de Jaén aumenta con la edad. El tipo de IU más frecuente es la IU de esfuerzo. Las mujeres con IU presentan mayor pérdida de calidad de vida

Objective: knowing the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) in women from the city of Jaen (Andalusia, Spain) and its distribution by age, in addition to identify the type of UI they sufferers. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was designed, in which 379 women participated; all they assigned to Health Centers in the city of Jaen, with ages between 30 and 80; who attend nursing consultation. The prevalence and type of UI was estimated with the Spanish version of the questionnaire International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). Results: the prevalence found in the study was 43.3%; the number of cases with loss of urine has a positive slope with age. Regarding the type of incontinence 12.2% (20) was urge incontinence, 60.4% (99) was stress incontinence, 17.1% (28) UI mixed and other 10.4%. Conclusions: the prevalence of UI of women in Jaén increases with age. The most common type of IU is stress. Women with UI have greater loss of quality of life

Humanos , Femenino , Incontinencia Urinaria/epidemiología , Incontinencia Urinaria de Esfuerzo/epidemiología , Incontinencia Urinaria de Urgencia/epidemiología , Distribución por Edad , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Calidad de Vida , Perfil de Impacto de Enfermedad , Incontinencia Urinaria/clasificación , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
Aging Ment Health ; 21(11): 1164-1170, 2017 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27564919


OBJECTIVES: To study changes in the cognitive status and dependency of patients aged over 65 years during hospitalization for bone fracture and how these changes relate to the total number of days of admission and absolute rest during hospitalization. Along with cognitive decline, musculoskeletal disorders are considered key factors in this patient population. As well as requiring hospital admission and/or surgical treatment, fractures increase the risk factors that contribute to disability and dependency in older adults. METHOD: A longitudinal case-series study with repeated follow-up assessments was conducted. The sample consisted of 259 older adults. The following tests were administered: Barthel index, Lawton-Brody's scale, Phototest, and informant questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly. RESULTS: The main variable which fosters functional dependency, cognitive decline, and functional loss and diminishes functional gain (both in the hospital and at home) is the number of days of bed rest during hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: The present study reveals that the greater impact on levels of functional dependency and cognitive decline comes from the patient's days of bed rest in hospital, rather than the total days of hospitalization. These findings could be taken into consideration when discussing post-discharge functional recovery.

Disfunción Cognitiva/epidemiología , Personas con Discapacidad/estadística & datos numéricos , Fracturas Óseas/terapia , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino
Index enferm ; 25(3): 198-202, jul.-sept. 2016.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-158190


La educación es un pilar básico en la población Saharaui. Sin embargo, la población refugiada tiene un difícil acceso a la misma, sobre todo a la educación secundaria, superior o especializada en competencias profesionales. En los Campamentos de Refugiados Saharauis se ha realizado un importante esfuerzo desde el Ministerio de Educación, apoyado por diferentes OG/ONG, para paliar esta situación y ofrecer nuevas oportunidades. No obstante, en las profesiones sanitarias se ha visto como la fuga de cerebros ha dado lugar a que muchos de los profesionales formados no regresen. Ante esto, el Ministerio de Salud busca nuevas fórmulas de formación de estos profesionales y de incentivación de los mismos. La Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad de Jaén participa en un sistema de formación continuada en cascada que cumple el objetivo de incentivar a los profesionales de nivel superior y a la vez formar a promotoras de salud

Education is a basic pillar in the Saharan population. However, the refugee population doesn’t have an easy access to this education, especially to secondary, postsecondary or specialized in professionals competences. An important effort has been done by the Education Ministry in Saharan Refugee Camps, supported by several GO/NGO, to relieve this situation and to offer news opportunities. All the same, in medical professions is common to see that those professionals who have be informed in other countries don’t return to their origin place. In light of that, the Health Ministry looks for new ways of professional training and motivation. The Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Jaén takes part in a cascade training method to incentive the higher level professionals and, at the same time, to train health promoters

Humanos , Refuerzo Biomédico , Campos de Refugiados/políticas , Educación/métodos , Estado de Salud , Educación Primaria y Secundaria , Capacitación Profesional , África del Norte
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 55(2): 305-9, 2012.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21930308


Hospital admission for acute illness, as in the case of bone fractures, means for some elderly people a loss of autonomy, not always associated with the illness causing hospitalization. The factors and/or modulators contributing to this situation have not been sufficiently studied. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of hospitalized elderly patients diagnosed with bone fractures, after surgery is carried out, and to establish the associated variables to their cognitive and functional dependency at discharge. The outcomes show that functional deterioration significantly correlates (positively) to anxiety self-control at discharge and knowledge about the therapy at discharge and inversely (negatively), to the patient's age, polypharmacy, and length of inpatient stay until surgery. From our outcomes we conclude the need to design and apply actions leading toward a reduction of the pre-surgery inpatient stay, immediate mobilization programs as well as training and information about therapeutic procedures.

Fracturas Óseas/psicología , Fracturas de Cadera/psicología , Extremidad Inferior/lesiones , Admisión del Paciente , Extremidad Superior/lesiones , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Fracturas Óseas/cirugía , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Humanos , Extremidad Inferior/cirugía , Masculino , Polifarmacia , España , Resultado del Tratamiento , Extremidad Superior/cirugía