Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
1.
Brain Sci ; 13(6)2023 Jun 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37371377

RESUMEN

Several studies indicate that the pandemic and associated confinement measures may have had an impact on mental health, producing the onset or persistence of symptoms such as stress, anxiety, depression, and fear. This systematic review aims to identify the factors influencing the onset or worsening of depressive symptoms during COVID-19-related confinement. Our systematic search produced 451 articles from selected databases, 398 of which were excluded based on established criteria, while 53 were selected for review. Most studies have reported an increase in the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the general population during the first weeks of confinement. The predominant risk factors associated with the appearance of depressive symptoms included female sex, low educational level, young age, economic difficulties, comorbidities, and a history of previous depressive episodes. People with a pre-existing diagnosis of depressive disorder generally experienced a worsening of their symptoms during confinement in most of the reviewed studies. Moreover, symptomatology persisted at higher levels post-confinement, without significant improvement despite relief in confinement measures. Therefore, ongoing evaluations of post-pandemic depressive symptoms are necessary to advance the knowledge of the relationship between pandemics and depression, allowing accurate conclusions and associations to be made.

2.
World Neurosurg ; 2023 Jun 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37355167

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Thromboembolic events are critical complications in neuroendovascular procedures, and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) can reduce them. The effects of using aspirin and clopidogrel in DAPT are well characterized, but use of aspirin and ticagrelor has been less studied. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study, conducted between April 1, 2015, and December 30, 2020, included patients with endovascular treatment with flow-diverting and non-flow-diverting stents for unruptured cerebral aneurysms who received DAPT with aspirin and clopidogrel or with aspirin and ticagrelor. RESULTS: Of 148 patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms with flow-diverting and non-flow-diverting stents started on DAPT with aspirin (100 mg/day) and clopidogrel (75 mg/day), 24 had a poor response to clopidogrel according to the VerifyNow test and had DAPT changed to aspirin (100 mg/day) and ticagrelor (90 mg every 12 hours). One thrombotic complication (0.81%) and 1 bleeding complication (0.81%) occurred in patients receiving DAPT with clopidogrel and aspirin during the procedure. These complications did not occur (0.00%) in patients receiving DAPT with ticagrelor and aspirin. At the 6-month follow-up, 4 patients (3.15%) in the clopidogrel group presented with thrombotic complications, whereas no patients (0.00%) in the ticagrelor group experienced this complication. At 6-month follow-up, 4 patients (3.23%) in the clopidogrel group presented with hemorrhagic complications, whereas only 1 patient (4.17%) in the ticagrelor group experienced this complication. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that DAPT with ticagrelor (90 mg every 12 hours) and aspirin (100 mg/day) is a safe and effective alternative to DAPT with clopidogrel (75 mg/day) and aspirin (100 mg/day) for patients with an inadequate response to clopidogrel.

3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 67(1): 64-72, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420095

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: Herein, we compared ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) between young adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase enzyme (21OHase) deficiency and a control group. Additionally, we analyzed correlations between the glucocorticoid dose and androgen levels and ABP parameters. Subjects and methods: This case-control study included 18 patients (6 males and 12 females) and 19 controls (8 males and 11 females) matched by age (18-31 years). ABP monitoring was used to estimate blood pressure (BP) over a 24-h period. Results: No difference was noted between patients and controls in terms of systolic BP (males, 115.5 ± 5.6 vs. 117.0 ± 9.3, P = 0.733; and females, 106.4 ± 7.9 vs. 108.4 ± 7.6, P = 0.556, respectively) and diastolic BP during 24 h (males, 62.8 ± 7.5 vs. 66.2 ± 5.6, P = 0.349; and females, 62.7 ± 4.9 vs. 62.3 ± 4.9, P = 0.818, respectively). Systolic and diastolic BP and pulse pressure during daytime and nocturnal periods were similar between patients and controls. Furthermore, no differences were detected in the percentage of load and impaired nocturnal dipping of systolic and diastolic BP between patients and controls during the 24-h period. Additionally, the glucocorticoid dose (varying between r = −0.24 to 0.13, P > 0.05) and androgens levels (varying between r = 0.01 to 0.14, P > 0.05) were not associated with ABP parameters. Conclusion: No signs of an elevated risk for hypertension were observed based on ABP monitoring in young adults with CAH attributed to 21OHase deficiency undergoing glucocorticoid replacement therapy.

4.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 67(1): 64-72, 2023 Jan 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929901

RESUMEN

Objective: Herein, we compared ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) between young adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase enzyme (21OHase) deficiency and a control group. Additionally, we analyzed correlations between the glucocorticoid dose and androgen levels and ABP parameters. Subjects and methods: This case-control study included 18 patients (6 males and 12 females) and 19 controls (8 males and 11 females) matched by age (18-31 years). ABP monitoring was used to estimate blood pressure (BP) over a 24-h period. Results: No difference was noted between patients and controls in terms of systolic BP (males, 115.5 ± 5.6 vs. 117.0 ± 9.3, P = 0.733; and females, 106.4 ± 7.9 vs. 108.4 ± 7.6, P = 0.556, respectively) and diastolic BP during 24 h (males, 62.8 ± 7.5 vs. 66.2 ± 5.6, P = 0.349; and females, 62.7 ± 4.9 vs. 62.3 ± 4.9, P = 0.818, respectively). Systolic and diastolic BP and pulse pressure during daytime and nocturnal periods were similar between patients and controls. Furthermore, no differences were detected in the percentage of load and impaired nocturnal dipping of systolic and diastolic BP between patients and controls during the 24-h period. Additionally, the glucocorticoid dose (varying between r = -0.24 to 0.13, P > 0.05) and androgens levels (varying between r = 0.01 to 0.14, P > 0.05) were not associated with ABP parameters. Conclusion: No signs of an elevated risk for hypertension were observed based on ABP monitoring in young adults with CAH attributed to 21OHase deficiency undergoing glucocorticoid replacement therapy.


Asunto(s)
Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congénita , Glucocorticoides , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven , Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congénita/tratamiento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congénita/complicaciones , Presión Sanguínea/fisiología , Monitoreo Ambulatorio de la Presión Arterial , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Glucocorticoides/uso terapéutico , Hipertensión , Esteroide 21-Hidroxilasa
5.
Int J Biometeorol ; 66(6): 1191-1197, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35301590

RESUMEN

Environmental factors affect daily milk production in dairy animals. The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of environmental factors, specifically mean temperature (°C), relative humidity (%), temperature-humidity index (THI), solar radiation (°), pluvial precipitation (mm) and lunar calendar (full moon, waxing quarter, waning quarter, new moon), on milk production (kg/d). The analysis was based on 96,195 morning and evening milking records documented on 109 consecutive days, from 869 Lacaune ewes. Ewes were housed in groups of 174 individuals. The analysis was performed in two independent procedures, a Pearson correlation analysis and a multivariate analysis of the ewe's interrelationships, which was based on the total variance estimate and a Varimax-rotated factorial analysis. Milk yield (kg/d) was significantly (p < 0.05) negatively correlated with mean temperature (-0.24), relative humidity (-0.16), THI (-0.24), and radiation (-0.18), which suggests that the higher these environmental factors, the lower the milk yield. Lunar calendar had a significant (p < 0.01) effect on milk production yield; specifically, yields were higher on the full moon and new moon (2.25 ± 0.05 kg/day) than they were on the crescent or waning moon (2.17 ± 0.05 kg/day). In conclusion, ewes that had been exposed to higher mean temperature, relative humidity, THI and solar radiation had the lowest milk yield, and milk yields are highest on full and new moons. The results of this work may be helpful in making predictions for milk production in Lacaune ewes in the Mediterranean region throughout the year.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia , Leche , Animales , Femenino , Calor , Humedad , Luna , Ovinos
6.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 101-106, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280500

RESUMEN

Resumen Introducción: El Síndrome de Mirizzi es una complicación infrecuente de la enfermedad litiásica biliar, con una incidencia menor al 1% en países desarrollados, puede desarrollarse en cinco variantes, siendo menos frecuente la variante tipo V. La literatura actual discrepa sobre el manejo de esta condición, afirmando que la cirugía laparoscópica no es segura como procedimiento estándar. Caso Clínico: Se presenta el caso de Síndrome de Mirizzi en un hombre de 80 años, que es remitido al departamento de urgencias por sospecha de sepsis de origen abdominal, con estudio ecográfico de colelitiasis, neumobilia y dilatación de las vías biliares. Se realizó Colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica con imposibilidad técnica para la movilización y extracción de los cálculos por gran tamaño, recurriéndose a exploración a través de técnica laparoscópica, obteniéndose resultados satisfactorios. Conclusión: Para tratar el Síndrome de Mirizzi, es necesario considerar las características del paciente y la experiencia del cirujano ya que ambos factores influyen directamente en la modalidad del tratamiento, sus complicaciones y tasas de éxito. En el presente caso, la experiencia del autor principal en el manejo de procedimientos mínimamente invasivos y la consideración de reducir el riesgo de complicaciones como infecciones en un paciente frágil, fueron los factores que influyeron para la decisión de intervención laparoscópica.


Abstract Introduction: Mirizzi's syndrome is an infrequent complication of biliary lithiasic disease, with an incidence of less than 1% in developed countries, being even less frequent the type V variant. Current literature disagrees on the management of this condition, stating that laparoscopic surgery is not safe as a standard procedure. Clinical Case: We present the case of Mirizzi's Syndrome in an 80-year-old man, which is referred to the emergency department for suspicion of sepsis of abdominal origin, with ultrasound study of cholelithiasis, pneumoobilia and dilation of the bile ducts. Retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography was performed with technical impossibility for the mobilization and extraction of large-size stones, resorting to exploration through laparoscopic technique, obtaining satisfactory results. Conclusion: It is necessary to emphasize that the type of Mirizzi syndrome, the patient's characteristics and the surgeon's experience directly influence the treatment modality, its complications and/or success rates. In the present case, the experience of the main author in the management of minimally invasive procedures and the consideration of reducing the risk of complications such as infections in a fragile patient, were the factors that influenced the decision for laparoscopic intervention.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Colelitiasis , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Laparoscopía , Síndrome de Mirizzi , Terapéutica , Conductos Biliares , Cálculos , Sepsis , Urgencias Médicas , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Infecciones
7.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 32(4): 5639-5644, dic. 2021. imag
Artículo en Inglés, Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428131

RESUMEN

Introducción: Las endofugas son la complicación más frecuente de los tratamientos endovasculares de aneurismas de aorta abdominal y torácica. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la frecuencia de endofugas en pacientes con aneurismas de aorta infrarrenal tratados con técnicas endovasculares. Metodología: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron pacientes con aneurismas infrarrenales tratados con terapia endovascular en dos instituciones de alta complejidad entre el 1 de septiembre de 2013 y el 1 de marzo de 2021. Se incluyeron datos demográficos, antecedentes, características morfológicas del cuello y saco del aneurisma, tipo de prótesis utilizada, presencia y tipo de endofuga. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo univariado. Los intervalos de confianza se describieron con un 95%. Resultados: Se incluyeron 99 pacientes, la media de edad fue 74,37 años, la media de la longitud del cuello fue de 29,47 mm, el 90,24% tuvieron una longitud favorable (>15mm). La media del ángulo fue de 44,57°, el 67,86% tenía un ángulo favorable (<60°). El 28,28% de los pacientes presentaron endofugas, la frecuencia de las endofugas tipo Ia fue de 7,07%, las de tipo Ib 8,08%, las de tipo II 18,37%, las de tipo IIIa y IIIb 1,01%. No se presentaron endofugas tipo IV ni V. Conclusiones: La frecuencia de presentación de endofugas fue del 28,28%; la endofuga más frecuente es la de tipo II 18,37%, ligeramente inferior a lo descrito en la literatura.


Introduction: Endoleaks are the most common complication of endovascular treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms.. The objective of this study is to describe the frequency of endoleaks in patients with infrarenal aortic aneurysms treated with endovascular techniques. Methodology: Retrospective cohort study that included patients from September 1, 2013, to March 1, 2021, with infrarenal aneurysms treated with endovascular therapy at the FOSCAL and FOSCAL international clinics. Demographic data, history, morphological characteristics of the aneurysm neck and sac, type of prosthesis used, presence, and type of endoleak were included. A univariate descriptive analysis was performed. Confidence intervals were reported at 95%. Results: 99 patients were included, the mean age was 74.37 years, the mean neck length was 29.47 mm, 90.24% had a favorable length (>15 mm); The mean angle was 44.57, 67.86% had a favorable angle (<60º). 28.28% of the patients presented endoleaks, the frequency of type Ia endoleaks was 7.07%, type Ib endoleaks 8.08%, type II 18.37%, type IIIa, and IIIb endoleaks 1, 01%. There were no type IV or type V endoleaks. Conclusions: The frequency of presentation of endoleaks was 28.28%; the most frequent endoleak is type II 18.37%. slightly lower than that reported in the literature


Asunto(s)
Endofuga , Aneurisma de la Aorta Abdominal , Procedimientos Endovasculares
8.
MedUNAB ; 23(2): 281-287, 22-07-2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118321

RESUMEN

Introducción. El cáncer de colon es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad a nivel mundial. En Colombia se presentan cerca de 145,600 casos nuevos al año. Cada vez son más los reportes de este tipo de patologías intervenidas por vía laparoscópica, aunque son pocos en Colombia. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar el abordaje de esta patología mediante un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo: la colectomía derecha por vía laparoscópica, el cual es poco utilizado en el país. Caso clínico. Paciente de 86 años que consulta por pérdida de peso, adinamia y dolor abdominal en flanco derecho. Presenta además anemia ferropénica y sangre oculta en materia fecal. Las endoscopias digestivas muestran lesión ulcerada vegetante de aspecto neoplásico a nivel del ciego. La biopsia revela adenocarcinoma infiltrante moderadamente diferenciado con áreas de necrosis. Se realiza una colectomía derecha por técnica laparoscópica. Se hace seguimiento con neoadyuvancia por parte de Oncología Clínica. Discusión. El adenocarcinoma es uno de los cánceres primarios más comunes en el colon. La resección quirúrgica es una excelente alternativa para el manejo y tratamiento de estos tumores. En Colombia, la mayoría de estas resecciones se realizan por vía abierta. La resección por vía laparoscópica es un método que demuestra similar eficacia, ofreciendo una disminución en la respuesta inflamatoria, con mejor control del dolor y limitaciones funcionales. Conclusiones. La colectomía por vía laparoscópica para resección de tumores de colon es un método seguro, eficaz y reproducible. Sin embargo, exige tecnología de alto costo y debe ser realizada por un grupo quirúrgico con habilidad y experiencia en sutura manual laparoscópica. Cómo citar: López-Gómez LE, Dominguez ­ Alvarado GA, D ́vera Camargo D, Lozano-Eslava LA, Martínez-Rojas PA. Hemicolectomía radical laparoscópica: opción de mínima invasión para el cáncer de colon. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 281-287. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3829


Introduction. Colon cancer is one of the main causes of morbimortality in the world. Colombia counts near 145,600 new cases per year. The reports of laparoscopic intervention in this pathology are growing, but in Colombia there is little recent work on the matter. The aim of this article is to show how this pathology can be addressed through a minimally invasive procedure, laparoscopic right colectomy, which is not frequently used in the country. Clinical case. An 86-year-old patient consults due to weight loss, adynamia and abdominal pain on right side. Iron-deficiency anemia and hidden blood in feces was reported. The digestive endoscopies show the presence of a vegetant and ulcerated lesion of neoplastic appearance in the cecum. A biopsy revealed a moderately differentiated, invasive adenocarcinoma with areas of necrosis. A laparoscopic right colectomy is conducted. Definitive report of moderately differentiated and ulcerated, invasive, mucinous adenocarcinoma, with lesion up to the serous membrane. Follow up is conducted with neoadjuvant therapy by the Clinical Oncology service. Discussion. Adenocarcinoma is one of the most common primary cancers in the colon. Surgical still an excellent alternative for the management of this kind of tumor. In Colombia, the majority of these resections are carried out by open surgery. However, laparoscopic resection is a method that offers similar outcomes to the traditional procedure, while providing a reduction in the inflammatory response, with better pain control and control of functional limitations. Conclusions. Laparoscopic colectomy for the resection of colonic tumors is a safe, effective and reproducible method. However, it requires high-cost technology and it must be conducted by a surgical team skilled and experienced in manual laparoscopic suturing.Cómo citar: López-Gómez LE, Dominguez ­ Alvarado GA, D ́vera Camargo D, Lozano-Eslava LA, Martínez-Rojas PA. Hemicolectomía radical laparoscópica: opción de mínima invasión para el cáncer de colon. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 281-287. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3829


Introdução. O câncer de cólon é uma das principais causas de morbimortalidade em todo o mundo. Na Colômbia, há uma incidência aproximada de 145,600 casos novos por ano. Na Colômbia existam poucos trabalhos recentes sobre este tipo de procedimentos. O objetivo deste artigo é mostrar a abordagem de o adenocarcinoma de cólon, através de um procedimento minimamente invasivo: a colectomia direita pela via laparoscópica, pouco utilizada no país. Caso clínico. Paciente de 86 anos que apresenta perda de peso, adinamia e dor abdominal no flanco direito, anemia ferropriva e sangue oculto nas fezes. As endoscopias digestivas evidenciam a presença de uma lesão ulcerada vegetante com aparência neoplásica no nível do ceco. A biópsia revelou adenocarcinoma infiltrante moderadamente diferenciado com áreas de necrose. As imagens de extensão mostram um efeito de massa intraluminal ao nível do ceco com adenomegalia pericecal. Realizou-se uma colectomia direita laparoscópica. Relato definitivo de adenocarcinoma mucinoso infiltrante moderadamente diferenciado e ulcerado, com comprometimento da serosa. O serviço de Oncologia Clínica fez o acompanhamento neoadjuvante. Discussão. O adenocarcinoma é um dos cânceres primários mais comuns no cólon. A ressecção cirúrgica continua sendo uma excelente alternativa para a gestão e tratamento deste tipo de tumores. Na Colômbia, a maioria dessas ressecções é realizada pela via aberta. A ressecção pela via laparoscópica é um método que oferece ressecções semelhantes às do procedimento tradicional, apresentando diminuição da resposta inflamatória, com melhor controle da dor e das limitações funcionais. Conclusão. A colectomia pela via laparoscópica para ressecção de tumores de cólon é um método seguro, eficaz e reprodutível. No entanto, requer tecnologia de alto custo e deve ser realizada por um grupo cirúrgico com habilidade e experiência em sutura manual laparoscópica. Cómo citar: López-Gómez LE, Dominguez ­ Alvarado GA, D ́vera Camargo D, Lozano-Eslava LA, Martínez-Rojas PA. Hemicolectomía radical laparoscópica: opción de mínima invasión para el cáncer de colon. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 281-287. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3829


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades del Colon , Neoplasias del Recto , Laparoscopía , Colectomía , Neoplasias del Colon , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Mínimamente Invasivos
9.
Univ. med ; 60(2): 1-25, 2019. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-994578

RESUMEN

Para acortar la brecha entre lo molecular y la clínica, el personal de atención médica debe tener un conocimiento básico de los mecanismos moleculares que gobiernan la identidad celular, mediante la activación selectiva de genes. La expresión diferencial de genes permite a las células sintetizar las proteínas requeridas para cumplir con sus funciones biológicas, y ello posibilita a las células responder a estímulos internos y externos. Para esto se debe tener primero acceso a los genes que codifican las proteínas, determinando el fenotipo celular. Modificaciones en la estructura de la cromatina permiten a la maquinaria transcripcional tener acceso a secuencias de ADN. El ADN es transcripto en ARNm, que sufre diversas modificaciones antes de salir del núcleo para ser traducido en una proteína en el citoplasma. Cualquier desregulación en alguno de los procesos asociados se presenta como una patología. A inicios del siglo XXI se reportó la secuenciación del genoma humano, y sorprendentemente uno de los principales hallazgos fue que solo un 2% de la secuencia codifica para proteínas, lo cual dejó un interrogante sobre cómo funcionan y se regulan los procesos genéticos que llevan a la identidad celular. Desde entonces las investigaciones han permitido utilizar los principios que rigen estos procesos para ampliar el conocimiento de los mecanismos asociados a enfermedades. Gracias a estos avances, se ha buscado determinar aplicaciones clínicas dirigidas a los procesos involucrados en la expresión génica diferencial, lograr una mejor comprensión sobre los procesos patológicos de la enfermedad y desarrollar herramientas diagnósticas.


To narrow the gap between the bench and the clinic, healthcare personnel should have a basic understanding of molecular mechanisms ruling cell identity, since it establishes the key differences between health and disease states. Differential gene expression allows for protein synthesis required for the cell's biological function. In this process genes are selected from the entire genome to meet the cell's biological functioning and respond to internal and external stimuli. To this end, first the chromatin must be remodeled for the transcriptional machinery to gain access to DNA sequences coding for particular genes. DNA can then be transcribed into mRNA, followed by different processes leading to mature mRNA leaving the nucleus for protein synthesis in the cytoplasm. Any dysregulation in these processes results in disease. In the beginning of this millennium the human genome project sequenced the whole genome. Surprisingly, one of the main findings was only 2% of the genome represented protein coding sequences, which raised the question about the remainder of the genome and cell identity. Based on principles derived from the human genome project many investigations have shed light on mechanisms associated with disease. Thanks to advancements in differential gene expression, researchers are seeking for a better understanding in pathological processes associated with disease and the development of diagnostic tools.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Epigenómica , Acetilación , Metilación
10.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 50(5): 471-6, 2012.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23282257

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: preeclampsia constitutes one of the main causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The aim was to identify the risk factors associated to the developmental of preeclampsia mild-moderate and severe, as well as the force of association of these factors in a hospital of second-level medical care. METHODOLOGY: study of cases and controls, a relation 1:1, in women withdrawn of the Service of Gynecology and Obstetrics during 2004 to 2007. Pregnant women with more than 20 weeks gestation were included. In the cases group we included patients with diagnosis of preeclampsia mild-moderate or severe (corroborated clinical and laboratory). In the controls group that had a normal childbirth without pathology during the pregnancy. RESULTS: 42 cases and 42 controls. The average age was of 27 years. The associated risk factors were overweight, obesity, irregular prenatal control, short or long intergenesic period, history of caesarean or preeclampsia in previous pregnancies. CONCLUSIONS: the knowledge of the risk factors will allow the accomplishment of preventive measures and decrease the fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality due to preeclampsia.


Asunto(s)
Preeclampsia , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Preeclampsia/epidemiología , Preeclampsia/etiología , Embarazo , Factores de Riesgo
11.
J Am Coll Surg ; 194(3): 274-7, 2002 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11893130

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Thyroglossal duct remnants are the most common midline neck masses in childhood but can be found in adults and the elderly. Sistrunk's procedure, with dissection of the tract and removal of the hyoid bone, is accepted as the main operation of choice. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-five patients were treated from January 1994 to November 2000, and these were studied. There were 29 men and 26 women, with a median age of 17 years. Diagnosis was clinical, with 13 cases of fistula and 42 of cyst. Size varied from 1.0 to 4.0 cm, with an average of 2.5 cm. Six patients presented with local abscess. RESULTS: All the patients underwent Sistrunk's procedure. Serum collection occurred in three patients as complication. In one patient papillary carcinoma was identified in the cyst. Total thyroidectomy was not performed. There was only one recurrence, managed with a second operation. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that the diagnosis of thyroglossal duct is clinical. Sistrunk's procedure carries low rates of complications (9.08%) and recurrence (1.82%). Antibiotic therapy is avoidable as a rule and hospital stay is short.


Asunto(s)
Quiste Tirogloso , Adolescente , Adulto , Profilaxis Antibiótica , Carcinoma Papilar/complicaciones , Carcinoma Papilar/cirugía , Drenaje , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Quiste Tirogloso/diagnóstico por imagen , Quiste Tirogloso/epidemiología , Quiste Tirogloso/cirugía , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/complicaciones , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/cirugía , Ultrasonografía
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...