Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.514
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 614-618, 2022 May 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644976

RESUMEN

To investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among residents in Chongchuan district, Nantong city in 2012 and 2018, and evaluate the effectiveness of community comprehensive management of DM. Based on the data of 17 780 and 13 382 residents in the cross-sectional surveys of the " National Demonstration Area for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases " project in Chongchuan District of Nantong City, Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018, 4 583 and 3 996 DM-related information were obtained. The population of Jiangsu Province in 2012 and 2018 was used as the reference for standardization. The rates of prevalence and management (including awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control and control of patients under treatment) of DM in the two surveys were compared using chi-square test. The results showed that in 2012 and 2018, the prevalence rates of DM were 12.0% and 15.7% (χ²=24.25, P<0.05), and the standardized rates were 10.1% and 10.8% (χ²=1.05, P=0.306). The incidence rates were 5.7% and 2.3%, respectively (χ²=55.60, P<0.05). The standardized prevalence rates in the two surveys were 9.7% and 11.6% for males (χ²=3.66, P=0.056) and 10.5% and 9.9% for females (χ²=0.50, P=0.481), 7.2% and 6.5% (χ²=0.85, P=0.357) for people aged 18-59 years old and 20.6% and 21.9% (χ²=0.91, P=0.339) for people aged 60 years and over, respectively. The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, control, and control of patients under treatment in 2018 were 84.4%, 80.3%, 95.2%, 58.4%, and 70.2%, respectively, higher than 47.2%, 23.4%, 44.8%, 30.4% and 59.4% in 2012 (χ²=183.33, χ²=380.65, χ²=282.99, χ²=93.24, χ²=6.22, all P<0.05). Among men, the standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control in 2018 were 85.8%, 78.8%, 91.8% and 62.7%, higher than 50.5%, 37.5%, 72.3% and 32.6% in 2012 (χ²=78.40, χ²=96.17, χ²=27.55, χ²=48.96, all P<0.05). Similarly, the standardized management rates in 2018 were 83.0%, 81.7%, 98.5%, 54.1% and 65.1%, higher than 44.0%, 10.0%, 18.3%, 28.2% and 48.8% in 2012 among women (χ²=105.52, χ²=326.36, χ²=317.22, χ²=43.34, χ²=3.87, all P<0.05). The standardized rates of awareness, treatment, treatment of patients who knew their diabetic situation, and control of people aged 18-59 and 60 years and over were 82.9%, 79.7%, 96.1%, 55.0% and 88.0%, 81.8%, 93.0% and 67.2%, higher than 42.6%, 19.8%, 42.2%, 27.5% and 63.9%, 36.8%, 53.9%, 40.8% in 2012 (χ²=44.51, χ²=102.17, χ²=57.78, χ²=21.65, all P<0.05; χ²=71.18, χ²=181.55, χ²=146.26, χ²=59.23, all P<0.05). The comprehensive prevention and control system of chronic diseases, which comprehensively covered the life of community residents, had good management effect on DM, and effectively promoted health education and health promotion.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Población Rural , Adulto Joven
2.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 26(6): 598-605, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718869

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a common issue that may represent an indicator of vascular ageing. We aimed to investigate the association of arterial stiffness with the risk of functional disability and mobility limitation in older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1699 older adults from the Rugao Longitudinal Ageing Study were included and analysed. MEASUREMENTS: Arterial stiffness was assessed by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Functional disability and mobility limitation were evaluated by the activities of daily living and the Timed Up and Go test, respectively. The associations of baPWV and risk of functional disability and mobility limitation were analysed using logistic regression models. Restricted cubic spline regressions were applied to estimate the possible nonlinear relationships between them. RESULTS: During the 3.5-year follow-up, 97 (10.00%) and 285 (31.11%) individuals were defined as new-onset functional disability and mobility limitation, respectively. After adjusting for confounding factors, elevated baPWV was significantly associated with a higher risk of incident functional disability (odds ratio [OR] 1.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-1.31) and mobility limitation (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.16). Additionally, consistent results were obtained from the stratified analyses of the different subgroups. Multivariable restricted cubic spline regression analysis further demonstrated that a near-linear association occurred between baPWV and the risk of incident functional disability and mobility limitation (P-overall < 0.01, P-nonlinear >0.05). CONCLUSION: Arterial stiffness, as assessed by baPWV, was associated with the risk of functional disability and mobility limitation in this community-based cohort, and these associations were nearly linear.


Asunto(s)
Rigidez Vascular , Actividades Cotidianas , Anciano , Envejecimiento , Índice Tobillo Braquial/métodos , Humanos , Limitación de la Movilidad , Equilibrio Postural , Estudios Prospectivos , Análisis de la Onda del Pulso , Factores de Riesgo , Estudios de Tiempo y Movimiento
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(21): 1614-1620, 2022 Jun 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644964

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the effect of the combination of posterior circulation embolization and micro-resection on the risk and prognosis in patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (bAVMs) supplied by posterior circulation in a one-stop hybrid operation setting. Methods: Patients with bAVMs supplied by posterior circulation who received surgical treatment in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, were enrolled from January 2016 to December 2019 from a prospective, multicentral cohort (NCT03209804). The patients were divided into the posterior circulation embolization group and the non-posterior circulation embolization group. Propensity score matching (PSM) (1∶1) was performed according to the baseline information, the morphology of bAVMs, vascular architecture, and Spetzler-Martin grade of brain lesions. The primary endpoint was the deterioration of neurological function. The secondary endpoints were perioperative complications. The differences in surgical risk and clinical prognosis between the two groups were compared. Results: Five hundred and forty-five patients were enrolled in the cohort, and 38.3% met the included criteria (n=209 cases), with 42 cases in the posterior circulation embolization group and 167 cases in the non-posterior circulation embolization group. Depending on whether the patients were posterior circulation embolized, 39 patients in the posterior circulation embolization group and 39 patients in the non-posterior circulation embolization group were finally included after performing PSM. There were 50 males and 28 females, aged 5-58 (30±13) years. The exacerbation rate of neurological dysfunction in the posterior circulation embolization group was higher than that in the non-posterior circulation embolization group three months after surgery, however there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups [15.4% (6/39) vs 2.6% (1/39), P=0.107]. The intraoperative blood loss in the embolization group was significantly less than that in the non-embolization group [650 (500, 1 500) ml vs 1 200 (800, 2 000) ml, P=0.002]. There was no significant difference in microsurgery time between the two groups [437 (374, 521) min vs 424 (359, 601) min, P=0.865]. Likewise, there were no statistically significant differences in the incidence of postoperative complications and aggravation of neurological dysfunction, including postoperative bAVMs residual [5.1%(2/39) vs 7.7%(3/39), P=1.000], hemorrhagic complications [5.1%(2/39) vs 0(0), P=0.494], postoperative ischemic complications [10.3%(4/39) vs 5.1%(2/39), P=0.675], neurological dysfunction at discharge (17.9% vs 15.4%, P=0.755), and one-year neurological dysfunction [5.1%(2/39) vs 2.6%(1/39), P=1.000]. Conclusions: Posterior circulation embolization of bAVMs in a one-stop hybrid operation can effectively reduce intraoperative bleeding and surgical risk. Embolization of the feeding artery has no significant impact on the perioperative complications and neurological outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Malformaciones Arteriovenosas Intracraneales , Arterias , Encéfalo , Femenino , Humanos , Malformaciones Arteriovenosas Intracraneales/cirugía , Masculino , Pronóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
4.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 32(7): 1711-1718, 2022 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606228

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), and could increase the risks of adverse cardiovascular events among DM patients. Since heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and DM often coexist, our present study aimed to explore the associations of DR with adverse outcomes in HFpEF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted this study in a large, international population suffering from HFpEF (n = 3442) based on the Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure With an Aldosterone Antagonist (TOPCAT) trial. The associations of baseline DR with clinical outcomes were expressed as adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using the Cox proportional hazard regression models. The crude incidence rates of all the outcomes studied were significantly increased when DM patients with or without DR compared to those without DM (all P < 0.05), whereas there were no differences between DM patients without DR versus those with DR (all P > 0.05). In the multivariate cox regression analysis, DR was not significantly associated with increased risks of the primary composite outcome (HR, 1.178 [95% CI, 0.870-1.596]) and secondary outcomes including all-cause death, cardiovascular death, all-cause hospitalization, hospitalization for HF, myocardial infarction, and stroke (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our results of current study suggested that DM but not DR could be regarded as an independent risk factor for the prognosis of HFpEF. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00094302.


Asunto(s)
Retinopatía Diabética , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiología , Retinopatía Diabética/epidemiología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/fisiopatología , Hospitalización , Humanos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapéutico , Pronóstico , Factores de Riesgo , Volumen Sistólico/fisiología
5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(4): 604-609, 2022 Apr 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527498

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) and its risk factors in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical and follow-up data of 650 patients with DFU treated in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Nanfang Hospital between January, 2017 and December, 2019. We compared the data between patients who had LEAD and those without LEAD and used a multivariate logistic regression model to analyze the risk factors of LEAD in DFU patients. RESULTS: Among the 650 DFU patients, 470 (72.4%) had LEAD. The patients were followed up for a mean of 3.5 months, and the mean healing time of DFU was 2.55 months; healing of DFU occurred in 453 patients and 183 patients received amputation. The patients with LEAD and those without LEAD differed significantly in age, hospitalization costs, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), glycated hemoglobin, blood lipid levels, disease course, ankle brachial index, healing time, smoking history, clinical outcomes, Wagner grade and imaging results (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified age (OR=1.070, 95% CI: 1.049-1.091), smoking history (OR= 2.013, 95% CI: 1.268-3.195), and a decreased DBP (OR=0.980, 95% CI: 0.963-0.997) as independent risk factors for LEAD in DFU patients. A prolonged healing time was a prominent clinical feature of DFU complicated by LEAD. CONCLUSION: DFU patients have a high incidence of LEAD, which leads to high rates of disability and mortality and is associated with an advanced age, high smoking rate and longer healing time. A decreased DBP is also a risk factor for LEAD in DFU patients.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Pie Diabético , Amputación , Pie Diabético/epidemiología , Humanos , Extremidad Inferior , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(2): 172-178, 2022 Apr 13.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537839

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the health-seeking behaviors of imported malaria cases after returning to China, and to investigate the factors affecting the time to initial diagnosis, so as to provide the scientific evidence for early identification of imported malaria cases and prevention of severe cases development and secondary transmission. METHODS: The individual demographic features, and the disease onset and the time to initial diagnosis of imported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province in 2019 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China. The characteristics of health-seeking behaviors and epidemiological features of imported malaria cases were descriptively analyzed, and the factors affecting the time to initial diagnosis of imported malaria cases after returning to China were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 244 imported malaria cases were reported in Jiangsu Province in 2019, and the time to initial diagnosis of the cases were 1-12 days, with mean time of (1.53 ± 1.65) days, with median time of one day. The highest number of malaria cases seeking healthcare services were found on the day of developing primary symptoms (76 cases, 31.1%), followed by on the second day (68 cases, 27.9%), on the third day (46 cases, 18.9%), and 54 cases (22.1%) received initial diagnosis 3 days following presence of primary symptoms, including 3 cases with initial diagnosis at more than one week. High proportions of imported malaria cases with a delay in the time to initial diagnosis were seen in migrant workers who returned to China in January (14 cases, 5.7%) and December (13 cases, 5.3%) and those aged between 41 and 50 years (32 cases, 13.1%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed relative short time to initial diagnosis among imported malaria cases returning to China on March [odds ratio (OR) = 0.16, P = 0.03, 95% confidence interval (CI): (0.03, 0.85)] and those with a history of overseas malaria parasite infections [OR = 0.36, P = 0.001, 95% CI: (0.19, 0.67)]. CONCLUSIONS: Timely health-seeking behaviors should be improved among imported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province, patients with a history of overseas malaria infections require faster health-seeking activities.


Asunto(s)
Malaria , Migrantes , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Malaria/diagnóstico , Malaria/epidemiología , Malaria/parasitología , Persona de Mediana Edad
7.
Clin Radiol ; 2022 May 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35595563

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of the hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR) on 90-day clinical outcome in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) patients with late therapeutic window. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-eight consecutive AIS patients with anterior-circulation large-vessel occlusion who underwent endovascular thrombectomy during the late window were enrolled retrospectively. Clinical data, Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) based on unenhanced computed tomography (CT), and perfusion parameters included ischaemic core, hypoperfusion volume, mismatch volume between core and penumbra, and the HIR were assessed and compared between patients with or without favourable outcomes (defined as modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2). Statistical analysis included binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses. RESULTS: A favourable outcome was achieved in 76 (45.2%) patients. In univariable analysis, age, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission, ASPECTS score, HIR, ischaemic core, and hypoperfusion volume were significantly associated with functional outcome (p<0.05). In multivariate analyses, age (OR 0.95; 95% CI 0.92-0.99), NIHSS score at admission (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.84-0.96) and HIR (OR 0.018, 95% CI 0.003-0.113) remained as independent outcome predictors (p<0.01). The optimal threshold of HIR was 0.36 (sensitivity 70.7%, specificity 61.8%). The combination of age, NIHSS score at admission, and HIR yield good performance for outcome prediction with an area under the ROC curve of 0.815 (sensitivity 88.2%, specificity 64.1%), significantly higher than individual variable (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Low HIR was a predictor for favourable outcome in AIS patients with late therapeutic window. Integrating HIR with clinical variables improved the ability for outcome classification.

8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(5): 716-721, 2022 May 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589578

RESUMEN

Objective: To assess the incidence of dengue fever and E gene evolution of dengue virus in Guangzhou in 2020 and understand the local epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever and spreading of dengue virus. Methods: The information of dengue fever cases in Guangzhou in 2020 was collected from Notifiable Infectious Disease System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention Information System. Serum samples from the cases were detected by real-time PCR. The E gene was sequenced and analyzed. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed using software MEGA 5.05. The statistical analysis was conducted using software SPSS 20.0. Results: A total of 33 dengue fever cases were reported in Guangzhou in 2020, including 31 (93.94%) imported cases and 2 (6.06%) local cases. Compared with the data during 2016 to 2019, the number of cases, overall incidence and local incidence all decreased with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The imported cases from Southeast Asia constituted 90.32% (28/31) of imported cases. The E gene sequences and the phylogenetic trees of imported and local cases demonstrated close relationship with the virus sequences from Southeast Asian, and they were less homologous with the sequences of dengue virus isolated in Guangzhou in previous years. Conclusions: The incidence of dengue in Guangzhou in 2020 was significantly affected by the imported cases, especially those from Southeast Asian countries. The study result demonstrated that dengue fever was not endemic in Guangzhou and it was caused by imported ones.


Asunto(s)
Virus del Dengue , Dengue , China/epidemiología , Dengue/epidemiología , Virus del Dengue/genética , Brotes de Enfermedades , Evolución Molecular , Genotipo , Humanos , Filogenia
9.
Clin Radiol ; 2022 May 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35636975

RESUMEN

AIM: To compare two-dimensional (2D) transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) and 2D/three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in estimating ovarian volume and follicle count. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ovarian volume (OV) and follicle count (FC) of 84 women with infertility were evaluated by 2D TVUS and 2D/3D MRI. Bland-Altman analysis was used for comparison. RESULTS: The OV from 3D MRI was 0.50 ml (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25-0.74, p<0.001) smaller than that by 2D TVUS. OV from 2D MRI was 2.65 ml (95% CI, 2.36-2.95, p<0.001) and 3.15 ml (95% CI, 2.77-3.53, p<0.001) smaller than that from 3D MRI and 2D TVUS, respectively. The FC1-9 mm and total follicle count (tFC) estimated by 2D TVUS were 7.81 (95% CI, 6.96-8.66, p<0.001) and 7.82 (95% CI, 6.97-8.67) smaller than those from 2D MRI, respectively. Further analysis showed that 2D TVUS detected lower FC1-3 mm but higher FC4-6 mm than 2D MRI. No significant difference was shown in the results of FC7-9 mm and FC ≥ 10 mm. CONCLUSION: In women with infertility, 2D MRI underestimated OV as compared with 2D TVUS. OV from 3D MRI was lower but very close to that from 2D TVUS. For patients unsuitable for TVUS, 3D MRI is recommended for OV evaluation. 2D TVUS underestimated FC1-9 mm and tFC compared with 2D MRI. In fertility counselling and research, 2D MRI is a useful alternative to TVUS when an accurate FC is needed.

10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6588, 2022 04 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449440

RESUMEN

In this study, an innovative wire gauze structured packing, namely PACK-1300XY with a specific surface area of 1300 m2/m3 has been characterized by performing computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach. Indeed, different features of this packing (height equivalent to a theoretical plate, wet/dry pressure drop, and mass transfer efficiency) were analyzed by analyzing the flow regime using the three-dimensional CFD approach with the Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase scenario. The results showed the mean relative deviation of 16% (for wet pressure drop), 14% (for dry pressure drop), and 17% (for mass transfer efficiency) between the CFD predictions and experimental measurements. These excellent levels of consistency between the numerical findings and experimental observations approve the usefulness of the CFD-based approach for reliable simulation of separation processes.


Asunto(s)
Hidrodinámica , Metanol , 2-Propanol/análisis , Simulación por Computador , Metanol/análisis
11.
Prenat Diagn ; 42(7): 862-872, 2022 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441720

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic yield for congenital heart defects (CHD) with routine genetic testing is around 10%-20% when considering pathogenic CNVs or aneuploidies as positive findings. This is a pilot study to investigate the utility of genome sequencing (GS) for prenatal diagnosis of CHD. METHODS: Genome sequencing (GS, 30X) was performed on 13 trios with CHD for which karyotyping and/or chromosomal microarray results were non-diagnostic. RESULTS: Trio GS provided a diagnosis for 4/13 (30.8%) fetuses with complex CHDs and other structural anomalies. Findings included pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in DNAH5, COL4A1, PTPN11, and KRAS. Of the nine cases without a genetic etiology by GS, we had outcome follow-up data on eight. For five of them (60%), the parents chose to keep the pregnancy. A balanced translocation [46,XX,t(14; 22)(q32.33; q13.31)mat] was detected in a trio with biallelic DNAH5 mutations, which together explained the recurrent fetal situs inversus and dextrocardia that was presumably due to de novo Phelan-McDermid syndrome. A secondary finding of a BRCA2 variant and carrier status of HBB, USH2A, HBA1/HBA2 were detected in the cohort. CONCLUSIONS: GS expands the diagnostic scope of mutation types over conventional testing, revealing the genetic etiology for fetal heart anomalies. Patients without a known genetic abnormality indicated by GS likely opted to keep pregnancy especially if the heart defect could be surgically repaired. We provide evidence to support the application of GS for fetuses with CHD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Fetales , Cardiopatías Congénitas , Aberraciones Cromosómicas , Variaciones en el Número de Copia de ADN , Femenino , Corazón Fetal , Cardiopatías Congénitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatías Congénitas/genética , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Embarazo , Diagnóstico Prenatal/métodos
15.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 743, 2022 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35136053

RESUMEN

Nickel-based complex oxides have served as a playground for decades in the quest for a copper-oxide analog of the high-temperature superconductivity. They may provide clues towards understanding the mechanism and an alternative route for high-temperature superconductors. The recent discovery of superconductivity in the infinite-layer nickelate thin films has fulfilled this pursuit. However, material synthesis remains challenging, direct demonstration of perfect diamagnetism is still missing, and understanding of the role of the interface and bulk to the superconducting properties is still lacking. Here, we show high-quality Nd0.8Sr0.2NiO2 thin films with different thicknesses and demonstrate the interface and strain effects on the electrical, magnetic and optical properties. Perfect diamagnetism is achieved, confirming the occurrence of superconductivity in the films. Unlike the thick films in which the normal-state Hall-coefficient changes signs as the temperature decreases, the Hall-coefficient of films thinner than 5.5 nm remains negative, suggesting a thickness-driven band structure modification. Moreover, X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals the Ni-O hybridization nature in doped infinite-layer nickelates, and the hybridization is enhanced as the thickness decreases. Consistent with band structure calculations on the nickelate/SrTiO3 heterostructure, the interface and strain effect induce a dominating electron-like band in the ultrathin film, thus causing the sign-change of the Hall-coefficient.

16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(1): 40-47, 2022 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35165466

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of chronic masseter hyperalgesia induced by 17ß-estradiol (E2) and experimental occlusal interference (EOI) on underlying mechanism in hippocampus of ovariectomized (OVX) rats. METHODS: In the study, 32 OVX rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (8 rats/group): The control group was OVX group, and 0 µg/d E2 (vehicle) injection was started 7 d after OVX without EOI; in the experimental group (1) OVX + E2 group, 80 µg/d E2 injection was started 7 d after OVX without EOI; in the experimental group (2) OVX + EOI group, vehicle injection was started 7 d after OVX and EOI was applied 17 d after OVX; in the experimental group (3) OVX + E2 + EOI group, 80 µg/d E2 injection was started 7 d after OVX and EOI was applied 17 d after OVX. Bilateral masseter muscle mechanical withdrawal thresholds were measured before OVX, 7 days after OVX (before E2 injection), 17 days after OVX (10 days after E2 injection and before EOI) and 24 days after OVX (7 days after EOI). Immunofluorescence staining was used to reveal phospho-extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2)-positive neurons in CA3 of hippocampus. The protein expression of p-ERK1/2 in hippocampus was detected using Western Blot. RESULTS: Compared with the control group [left side: (135.3±8.5) g, right side: (135.4±10.8) g], bilateral masseter muscle mechanical withdrawal thresholds of OVX+E2 group [left side: (113.3±5.6) g, right side: (112.5 ± 5.6) g] and OVX+EOI group [left side: (93.3±5.4) g, right side: 90.8±5.5) g] were decreased (P < 0.01). Bilateral masseter muscle mechanical withdrawal thresholds were significantly lower in OVX+E2+EOI group [left side: (81.2±6.2) g, right side: 79.8±7.7) g] than in the control, OVX+E2 and OVX+EOI groups (P < 0.05). The proportion of p-ERK1/2 positive neurons in the CA3 region of the hippocampus was increased in the control, OVX+E2, OVX+EOI and OVX+E2+EOI groups in turn, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). p-ERK1/2 protein expression was increased in the control, OVX+E2 and OVX+EOI groups in turn, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). p-ERK1/2 expression was significantly higher in OVX+E2+EOI group than in the other three groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: High concentration of E2 could exacerbated EOI-induced chronic masseter hyperalgesia in ovariectomized rats, and its central mechanism may be related to the upregulation of the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in hippocampus.


Asunto(s)
Hiperalgesia , Músculo Masetero , Animales , Estradiol , Femenino , Hipocampo , Humanos , Hiperalgesia/inducido químicamente , Ovariectomía , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
17.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 36(6): 927-931, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35122334

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) following Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) amongst patients with diabetes is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate diabetes as a potential SSI risk factor in MMS by comparing SSI incidence in a cohort of patients with and without diabetes. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective review to determine SSI rate in patients with diabetes compared to patients without diabetes. SSI incidence in patients with diabetes was further compared by A1c, and the impact of antibiotics on SSI rate was also examined. RESULTS: Overall rate of SSI was 1.47% (53/3597 cases). SSI rate amongst patients with diabetes was 1.95% (14/719 cases) compared to 1.35% (39/2878 cases) in patients without diabetes, with a non-significant odds ratio for SSI of 1.45 (95% CI = 0.78-2.68, P = 0.241). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed no difference in SSI. Stratification of diabetic patients by A1c into ≥7.0 and <7.0 compared to patients without diabetes yielded no statistically significant difference in SSI amongst all groups (P = 0.815). Whether an antibiotic was prescribed did not significantly impact SSI rate between groups. CONCLUSION: No significant difference in postoperative SSI was found in patients with diabetes compared to patients without diabetes following MMS regardless of degree of glycaemic control.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Cirugía de Mohs , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiología , Hemoglobina A Glucada , Humanos , Cirugía de Mohs/efectos adversos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/tratamiento farmacológico , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/epidemiología , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/etiología
18.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 50(1): 55-61, 2022 Jan 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045615

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and perioperative safety of catheter-based intervention in patients with pulmonary vein stenosis caused by fibrosing mediastinitis (FM). Methods: It was a case series study. Consecutive patients with pulmonary vein stenosis caused by FM, who underwent percutaneous pulmonary vein angioplasty in Gansu Provincial Hospital from January 2018 to June 2020, were retrospective enrolled. The baseline characteristics, comorbidities, exercise capacity and hemodynamic data before and after treatment were compared, and the procedural related complications were evaluated. Results: A total of 30 patients ((64.3±7.1) years, 15 males) were included. Sixty-three pulmonary vein stenosis were treated by 32 percutaneous pulmonary vein angioplasty procedures. Forty-four stents were implanted in 41 pulmonary veins after balloon angioplasty, and the diameter of implanted stents was (8.3±1.2)mm. Balloon angioplasty was performed on 22 pulmonary vein stenosis, the mean balloon diameter was (4.2±2.1)mm. The pulmonary vein diameter increased from (2.6±1.3) to (6.6±2.6) mm (P<0.001) and the pressure gradient across the pulmonary vein stenotic segment reduced from 19 (12, 29) to 2 (0, 4) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) (P<0.001) immediately post procedure. The pulmonary vein flow grade was significantly improved compared with baseline (P<0.001). The most common operation related complications were lung injury (44.0% (11/25)) and hemoptysis (18.8% (6/32)), which did not need special treatment. During the 2.0 (1.3, 3.2) months follow-up, the WHO functional class was significantly improved (P<0.05), the 6-minute walking distance increased from (254.8±114.5) m to (342.8±72.4)m (P<0.05), the mean pulmonary arterial pressure decreased from (40.9±8.3) mmHg to (35.4±7.7) mmHg (P<0.01), 17 out of 19 patients with refractory pleural effusion experienced total remission during the follow-up period (P<0.001). CT pulmonary venography was repeated in 17 patients. The incidence of in-stent restenosis of pulmonary vein was 24.0% (6/25). Conclusions: Percutaneous pulmonary vein angioplasty is effective for the treatment of pulmonary vein stenosis caused by fibrosing mediastinitis. However, it's not so safe, procedural related complication should be paid attention to and the rate of in-stent restenosis is relative high during the short-term follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Angioplastia de Balón , Estenosis de Vena Pulmonar , Catéteres , Humanos , Masculino , Mediastinitis , Estudios Retrospectivos , Esclerosis , Stents , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(2): 94-100, 2022 Feb 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35090224

RESUMEN

Objective: To describe the use of non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion in very preterm and extremely preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) of the Chinese Neonatal Network (CHNN) in 2019, to explore the disparity between different centers, and to further investigate the rationality and standardability of non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study based on the CHNN cohort of very preterm and extremely preterm infants. All 6 598 infants with gestational age (GA)<32 weeks and admitted to the 57 NICU of CHNN within 24 h of life in 2019 were enrolled. Non-erythrocyte blood products included platelet, plasma, albumin, immunoglobulin, cryoprecipitate and prothrombin complex. Infants who received at least one type of non-erythrocyte blood products were defined in transfusion group. The comparison between infants with and without transfusion was done by t-test, rank-sum test or χ2 test as appropriate. Linear regression model was used to generate adjusted transfusion rate of each center, and to investigate the correlation between adjusted rate and center-level characteristics. Results: A total of 6 598 infants were enrolled in the study, with gestational age of 30.0 (28.7, 31.0) weeks and birth weight of (1 353±312) g, and 43.6 % (2 877) of them were female. Among them, 42.7% (2 816) infants were enrolled in transfusion group, with the times of transfusion as 3 (1, 6) times. Compared to the infants without any transfusion of non-erythrocyte blood products, those infants received transfusion had lower gestational age (Z=17.62, P<0.01), lower birth weight (t=18.64, P<0.01), higher proportion of small-for-gestation age (χ2=31.06, P<0.01), multiple birth (χ²=12.82, P<0.01) and intensive resuscitation in delivery room (χ²=287.52, P<0.01), as well as lower proportion of females (χ²=10.68, P<0.01) and even lower proportion of infants born in this hospital (χ²=78.23, P<0.01). Among the entire study population, albumin (25.4%, 1 674 cases), immunoglobulin (21.5%, 1 417 cases) and plasma (18.9%, 1 245 cases) were the most commonly used non-erythrocyte blood products. Overall, 60.4% (544/901) infants with gestational age <28 weeks received transfusion 4 (2, 8) times. A total of 39.9% (2 272/5 697) infants between 28-31weeks received non-erythrocyte blood products 3 (1, 6) times. The non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion rates of critically-ill and non-critically-ill infants were 62.2% (1 693/2 723) and 29.0% (1 123/3 875) respectively, and the transfusion times were 4 (2,7) and 2 (1,4) times. The transfusion rates varied significantly among different NICU, and the disparities remained obvious after adjustment (adjusted χ²=153.48, P<0.01). Conclusion: Near half of very preterm and extremely preterm infants admitted to Chinese NICU in 2019 receive non-erythrocyte blood products during hospitalization with significant disparities among different hospitals.


Asunto(s)
Recien Nacido Extremadamente Prematuro , Enfermedades del Prematuro , China , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal
20.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(2): 205-209, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35090257

RESUMEN

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare acquired hematopoietic stem cell disease. Gastrointestinal involvement is rarely seen in PNH. This study aims to analyze the clinical features in PNH patients complicated with ischemic bowel disease. Clinical date of 6 patients were collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2010 to December 2020. The clinical manifestations, laboratory tests,imaging, endoscopic,and histopathological features and treatment were analyzed.Five in 6 patients were men, with a median age of 31 years old at onset. Most of disease course were recurrent episodes of chronic disease, with abdominal pain (5/6) and gastrointestinal bleeding (5/6). Laboratory examinations showed pancytopenia, reticulocytosis, elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase, high D-dimer and C-reactive protein levels in all patients. Multiple segments of small intestine were the most commonly involved and colon was also affected. Abdominal CT scan showed thickening and roughness or exudation of the intestinal wall (6/6), increased mesenteric density or "comb sign"(4/6), and cholestasis or gallbladder stones (5/6). Endoscopic manifestations included irregular shallow ulcers in the annular cavity (5/6), swelling mucosa with well-defined margins (6/6). Pathological biopsy revealed chronic inflammation of mucosa. The efficacy of steroids combined with anticoagulant therapy was better than that of steroids alone. Ischemic bowel disease in PNH patients is different from typical ischemic enteritis. Young patients, involvement of intestine with multiple segments are common characteristics. The anticoagulant is an essential agent for these patients.


Asunto(s)
Hemoglobinuria Paroxística , Adulto , Hemoglobinuria Paroxística/complicaciones , Hemoglobinuria Paroxística/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Intestinos , Isquemia , Masculino , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...