Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 14 de 14
Filtrar
Más filtros










Tipo de estudio
Intervalo de año de publicación
4.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20190199, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187335

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The number of syphilis cases among pregnant women in Brazil has increased. This study aimed to analyze the temporal trend of syphilis indicators among pregnant women in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: A time-series study was performed. RESULTS: We observed an increase in the detection rate of syphilis among pregnant women, those aged 15-19 years, and those of brown ethnicity. A strong correlation was observed between the detection rate of syphilis and family health strategy coverage. CONCLUSIONS: Despite an increase in primary care coverage, The increase in cases of syphilis among pregnant women is still considered a challenge.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria/estadística & datos numéricos , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/epidemiología , Atención Prenatal , Sífilis/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiología , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo , Factores Socioeconómicos , Análisis Espacio-Temporal , Adulto Joven
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190262, 2020. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1057292

RESUMEN

Abstract INTRODUCTION We aimed to analyze the relationship between visceral leishmaniasis mortality and social determinants of health (SDH). METHODS This was an ecological study of all leishmaniasis-related deaths in Brazil, from 2001 to 2015. We analyzed 49 indicators of human development and social vulnerability. The association was tested using the classical and spatial regression model. RESULTS Mortality was associated with indicators that expressed low human development and high social vulnerability: lack of garbage collection, low schooling, unemployment rate, low per capita income, and income inequality (Gini index). CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between high mortality by leishmaniasis and low SDH.

6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190262, 2020. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1092211

RESUMEN

Abstract INTRODUCTION We aimed to analyze the relationship between visceral leishmaniasis mortality and social determinants of health (SDH). METHODS This was an ecological study of all leishmaniasis-related deaths in Brazil, from 2001 to 2015. We analyzed 49 indicators of human development and social vulnerability. The association was tested using the classical and spatial regression model. RESULTS Mortality was associated with indicators that expressed low human development and high social vulnerability: lack of garbage collection, low schooling, unemployment rate, low per capita income, and income inequality (Gini index). CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between high mortality by leishmaniasis and low SDH.

7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190199, 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1092218

RESUMEN

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The number of syphilis cases among pregnant women in Brazil has increased. This study aimed to analyze the temporal trend of syphilis indicators among pregnant women in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: A time-series study was performed. RESULTS: We observed an increase in the detection rate of syphilis among pregnant women, those aged 15-19 years, and those of brown ethnicity. A strong correlation was observed between the detection rate of syphilis and family health strategy coverage. CONCLUSIONS: Despite an increase in primary care coverage, The increase in cases of syphilis among pregnant women is still considered a challenge.

8.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20190262, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859950

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to analyze the relationship between visceral leishmaniasis mortality and social determinants of health (SDH). METHODS: This was an ecological study of all leishmaniasis-related deaths in Brazil, from 2001 to 2015. We analyzed 49 indicators of human development and social vulnerability. The association was tested using the classical and spatial regression model. RESULTS: Mortality was associated with indicators that expressed low human development and high social vulnerability: lack of garbage collection, low schooling, unemployment rate, low per capita income, and income inequality (Gini index). CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between high mortality by leishmaniasis and low SDH.


Asunto(s)
Leishmaniasis Visceral/mortalidad , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiología , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Análisis Espacial , Adulto Joven
11.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 51(4): 461-466, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133628

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonosis caused by parasites of the Leishmania genus. VL is present in countries with tropical climates, being endemic in Brazil,, including the region of the lower-middle São Francisco Valley which includes the urban centers of Petrolina (Pernambuco state) and Juazeiro (Bahia state). METHODS: This retrospective and descriptive epidemiological study analyzed secondary data obtained from the mandatory visceral leishmaniasis notification forms of the Ministry of Health, which were compiled in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) database. We analyzed 181 autochthonous cases reported in the two aforementioned cities between 2010 and 2016. Data collection occurred in June 2017. RESULTS: Of the 181 VL cases in the study area, 40.9% (n=74) occurred in Juazeiro and 59.1% (n=107) occurred in Petrolina. The average numbers of cases per year were 9.5 in Juazeiro and 14 in Petrolina; respectively, the incidence ranges were 2-8.6 cases and 2.8-6.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Fever, weakness, weight loss, and pallor were the most commonly observed clinical manifestations. Coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was observed in 16.8% and 5.4% of cases in Petrolina and Juazeiro, respectively. The lethality rates were 2.8% and 5.4% in Petrolina and Juazeiro, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both cities had a high incidence of VL during the studied period. The findings of this study contribute to a better understanding of the behavior of VL during recent years and may help to direct regional disease control measures.


Asunto(s)
Leishmaniasis Visceral/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiología , Notificación de Enfermedades , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(4): 461-466, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957443

RESUMEN

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a zoonosis caused by parasites of the Leishmania genus. VL is present in countries with tropical climates, being endemic in Brazil,, including the region of the lower-middle São Francisco Valley which includes the urban centers of Petrolina (Pernambuco state) and Juazeiro (Bahia state). METHODS: This retrospective and descriptive epidemiological study analyzed secondary data obtained from the mandatory visceral leishmaniasis notification forms of the Ministry of Health, which were compiled in the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN) database. We analyzed 181 autochthonous cases reported in the two aforementioned cities between 2010 and 2016. Data collection occurred in June 2017. RESULTS: Of the 181 VL cases in the study area, 40.9% (n=74) occurred in Juazeiro and 59.1% (n=107) occurred in Petrolina. The average numbers of cases per year were 9.5 in Juazeiro and 14 in Petrolina; respectively, the incidence ranges were 2-8.6 cases and 2.8-6.1 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Fever, weakness, weight loss, and pallor were the most commonly observed clinical manifestations. Coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was observed in 16.8% and 5.4% of cases in Petrolina and Juazeiro, respectively. The lethality rates were 2.8% and 5.4% in Petrolina and Juazeiro, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Both cities had a high incidence of VL during the studied period. The findings of this study contribute to a better understanding of the behavior of VL during recent years and may help to direct regional disease control measures.

13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(6): 799-805, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-769526

RESUMEN

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, able to infect large numbers of people. This work is relevant to Juazeiro-BA, a hyper-endemic area for leprosy, since unravel the behavior of the disease in the area, may suggest the decision making for sectors of surveillance, establishing strategies, organizing and evaluating programs and services. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the epidemiology of leprosy in Juazeiro-BA, from 2002 to 2012. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted based in data of the Diseases Notification System, assigned by the service of Epidemiology from Juazeiro-BA, between 2002 and 2012. RESULTS: 1,916 new cases of leprosy were detected between 2002 and 2012, of which 921 (48.07%) represented male sex, 995 (51.93%) female, and there was a reduction in the incidence rate of leprosy per 100,000 inhabitants. Most carriers were brown individuals, with low levels of education, living in the urban area, being more prevalent in the economically active age group. Through statistical analysis we found that there are more chances of developing sequelae among men, and multibacillary individuals older than 45 years. CONCLUSIONS: The work serves to direct efforts to control this disease, and highlights the importance of active search for new cases to achieve an early diagnosis, reducing the number of sequels and allowing breaking the chain of disease transmission.


Asunto(s)
Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven , Lepra Multibacilar/epidemiología , Lepra Paucibacilar/epidemiología , Distribución por Edad , Brasil/epidemiología , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Escolaridad , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Distribución por Sexo , Factores de Tiempo
14.
An Bras Dermatol ; 90(6): 799-805, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26734859

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, able to infect large numbers of people. This work is relevant to Juazeiro-BA, a hyper-endemic area for leprosy, since unravel the behavior of the disease in the area, may suggest the decision making for sectors of surveillance, establishing strategies, organizing and evaluating programs and services. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the epidemiology of leprosy in Juazeiro-BA, from 2002 to 2012. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted based in data of the Diseases Notification System, assigned by the service of Epidemiology from Juazeiro-BA, between 2002 and 2012. RESULTS: 1,916 new cases of leprosy were detected between 2002 and 2012, of which 921 (48.07%) represented male sex, 995 (51.93%) female, and there was a reduction in the incidence rate of leprosy per 100,000 inhabitants. Most carriers were brown individuals, with low levels of education, living in the urban area, being more prevalent in the economically active age group. Through statistical analysis we found that there are more chances of developing sequelae among men, and multibacillary individuals older than 45 years. CONCLUSIONS: The work serves to direct efforts to control this disease, and highlights the importance of active search for new cases to achieve an early diagnosis, reducing the number of sequels and allowing breaking the chain of disease transmission.


Asunto(s)
Lepra Multibacilar/epidemiología , Lepra Paucibacilar/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Brasil/epidemiología , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Escolaridad , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Distribución por Sexo , Factores de Tiempo , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA