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1.
J Dermatol ; 46(1): 3-10, 2019 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474868

RESUMEN

Interest has increased in comorbidities associated with psoriasis and their effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and to investigate HRQoL and the prevalence of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity and dyslipidemia. In a cross-sectional design, patients diagnosed with plaque psoriasis answered an interview and standardized questionnaires (Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire [DLQI], 36-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-36] and EuroQol Five-Dimension Questionnaire Three-Level version [EQ-5D-3L]). Physical examination and several tests to assess desired outcomes were performed by a dermatologist and a rheumatologist during three visits. The prevalence of MetS and PsA was 50.0% and 41.8%, respectively. Dyslipidemia was the most prevalent (74.5%) secondary comorbidity, followed by hypertension (61.8%), obesity (52.5%) and T2DM (30.9%). The mean (standard deviation) DLQI score was 6.5 (6.9), and mean physical and mental SF-36 measures were 45.2 (10.4) and 45.5 (12.3), respectively, and for EQ-5D-3L, mean utility index and EQ-VAS scores were 0.68 (0.27) and 72.7 (19.7), respectively. PsA and MetS are important comorbidities; a reduced HRQoL is noted among plaque psoriasis patients with these comorbidities, emphasizing the relevance of diagnosis and treatment beyond the care of skin lesions.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Psoriásica/epidemiología , Síndrome Metabólico/epidemiología , Psoriasis/epidemiología , Calidad de Vida , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiología , Comorbilidad , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Microb Pathog ; 78: 29-36, 2015 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25450888

RESUMEN

Jorge Lobo's disease is a rare mycosis characterized by chronic inflammation, which causes skin lesions in the absence of visceral dissemination. The disease occurs mainly in hot and humid climates and most cases have been registered in the Brazilian Amazon region. This study investigated possible microvascular alterations in skin lesions caused by infection with Lacazia loboi which may interfere with the clinical progression of the disease. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the density of blood and lymphatic vessels, as well as expression of the cell adhesion molecules ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin. The results showed a reduced number of blood (62.66 ± 20.30 vessels/mm(2)) and lymphatic vessels (3.55 ± 5.84 vessels/mm(2)) in Jorge Lobo's disease when compared to control skin (169.66 ± 66.38 blood vessels/mm(2) and 8 ± 2.17 lymphatic vessels/mm(2)). There were a larger number of vessels expressing ICAM-1 (27.58 ± 15.32 vessels/mm(2)) and VCAM-1 (7.55 ± 6.2 vessels/mm(2)). No difference was observed in the expression of E-selectin (4.66 ± 11 vessels/mm(2)). Taken together, the results indicate changes in the local microvasculature which may interfere with the development of an efficient cell-mediated immune response and may explain restriction of the fungus to the site of injury.


Asunto(s)
Células Endoteliales/patología , Lacazia/fisiología , Lobomicosis/patología , Microvasos/patología , Piel/irrigación sanguínea , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Brasil , Selectina E/genética , Selectina E/metabolismo , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Intercelular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Intercelular/metabolismo , Lobomicosis/genética , Lobomicosis/metabolismo , Lobomicosis/microbiología , Masculino , Microvasos/metabolismo , Microvasos/microbiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Piel/metabolismo , Piel/patología , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Celular Vascular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Celular Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto Joven
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