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1.
MHSalud ; 16(1): 1-17, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-984701

RESUMEN

Resumen La prueba de caminata de seis minutos (PC6M) consiste en recorrer la mayor distancia posible y se caracteriza por ser una prueba de fácil realización. El objetivo de esta revisión fue examinar la relación entre las variables de distancia recorrida, patologías cardíacas, pulmonares y el consumo de oxígeno de una prueba de criterio en cinta rodante y/o cicloergómetro, y las ecuaciones de predicción del VO2 en la PC6M de Maldonado e Ingle (2006), Vanhelst (2013) y Costa (2017) para personas con patologías. El manuscrito es una revisión bibliográfica que utilizó las bases de datos Scopus y WOS, con artículos en inglés, español y portugués entre 2000 y 2017. La distancia es la variable que más se midió y que más se asoció con el VO2, encontrándose correlaciones significativas con valores de 0.01 hasta 0.8, las patologías más relacionadas con el VO2 máx. fueron la hipertensión pulmonar, enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva, insuficiencia cardíaca, disfunción sistólica ventricular y accidente cerebro-vascular y el cicloergómetro fue el más utilizado en las pruebas de criterio de VO2 máx. Solo una ecuación fue elaborada para niños que eran obesos la que incluyó distancia e IMC (Vanhelst), otra ecuación fue para adultos con enfermedad cardíaca que además incluía el sexo (Costa), una en pacientes con disfunción sistólica ventricular que aparte incorporó la edad, volumen espiratorio y hemoglobina (Ingle) y otra fórmula fue para adultos con insuficiencia cardíaca que consideró la distancia (Maldonado). Se sugiere utilizar la ecuación más apropiada y elaborar modelos predictivos para personas con diversas características.


Abstract The six-minute walk test (SMWT) consists of walking as far as possible and is characterized by being an easy test to perform. This paper examines the relationship between the variables of distance traveled, cardiac and pulmonary pathologies, and the oxygen consumption of a criterion test on treadmill and/or cycle ergometer, and the prediction equations of VO2 in the SMWT of Maldonado and Ingle (2006), Vanhelst (2013) and Costa (2017) for people with pathologies. The paper is a bibliographic review that used the Scopus and WOS databases containing articles in English, Spanish and Portuguese, published between 2000 and 2017. Distance is the variable that was most measured, and it was most associated with VO2; correlations with values from 0.01 to 0.8 were found. The pathologies most related to VO2 max were pulmonary hypertension, obstructive pulmonary disease, and ventricular heart failure and stroke; and the cycle ergometer was the most commonly used in the VO2 max criterion tests. Only one equation was created for children who were obese; it included distance and BMI (Vanhelst). Another equation was generated for adults with heart disease that also included sex (Costa). Besides, one equation was for patients with ventricular systolic dysfunction that also incorporated age, volume expiratory and hemoglobin (Ingle); another one was created for adults with heart failure, and this formula considered the distance (Maldonado). It is suggested to use the most appropriate equation and create predictive models for people with different characteristics.


Resumo O teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6M) consiste em andar o mais longe possível e é caracterizado como um teste fácil. O objetivo desta revisão foi examinar a relação entre as variáveis distância percorrida, patologias cardíacas, pulmonares e o consumo de oxigênio de um teste de critério em esteira e/ou ciclo ergômetro, e as equações de predição do VO 2 no TC6M de Maldonado e Ingle (2006), Vanhelst (2013) e Costa (2017) para pessoas com patologias. O manuscrito é uma revisão bibliográfica que utilizou as bases de dados Scopus e WOS, com artigos em inglês, espanhol e português entre 2000 e 2017. A distância é a variável mais medida e mais associada ao VO 2, encontrando correlações significativas com valores de 0,01 a 0,8, as patologias mais relacionadas ao VO 2 max. foram a hipertensão pulmonar, doença pulmonar obstrutiva, insuficiência cardíaca, disfunção sistólica ventricular e acidente vascular encefálico e o ciclo ergômetro foi o mais utilizado nos testes do critério VO 2 max. Apenas uma equação foi desenvolvida para crianças obesas, que incluíram distância e IMC (Vanhelst), outra equação foi para adultos com doença cardíaca que também incluiu sexo (Coast), uma em pacientes com disfunção sistólica ventricular que incorporaram a idade, volume expiratório e hemoglobina (Ingle) e outra fórmula foi para adultos com insuficiência cardíaca que considerou a distância (Maldonado). Sugere-se utilizar a equação mais adequada e desenvolver modelos preditivos para pessoas com características diversas.

2.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 30: e3003, 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002384

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT In Chile, the training of physical education teachers has traditionally been based on hygienist models, within the bio-metric paradigm. Due to the social changes and the needs of the country, the implementation of reflective models of professional practice in the teacher training programs in Physical Education is encouraged. At the Universidad Católica del Maule (UCM), the model of professional competences in the Physical Education program is developed, in which the possible domains of development are determined by identifying the minimum knowledge articulated transversally by performing vertical adjustments through the different semester modules throughout the formative itinerary. This proposal has been placed as a success, but the work by competencies still lacks more didactic coordination and curricular adjustments, and a continuous review, a, situation that is normal in any vocational training proposal.


RESUMO No Chile, a formação de professores de educação física tem sido tradicionalmente baseada em modelos higienistas, dentro do paradigma biométrico. Devido às mudanças sociais e às necessidades do país, é incentivada a implantação de modelos reflexivos de prática profissional na capacitação de professores em Educação Física. Na Universidade Católica de Maule (UCM), é desenvolvido o modelo baseado em competências profissionais na formação de professores de Educação Física, no qual os possíveis domínios de desenvolvimento são determinados identificando o conhecimento mínimo articulado de forma transversal realizando ajustes verticais por meio dos diferentes módulos semianuais e horizontais ao longo do itinerário formativo. Esta proposta tem se colocado como de sucesso, mas o trabalho por competências ainda carece de maior entrosamento didático e ajustes curriculares, fato este normal dentro de qualquer proposta de formação profissional, ou seja, a revisão continuada.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Aptitud , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Enseñanza , Capacitación Profesional , Docentes
3.
Rev Med Chil ; 146(7): 830-838, 2018 Jul.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30534881

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The six-minute walk test (SMWT) is an easy-to-use test that measures walking distance. AIM: To elaborate an equation to estimate the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max) using the results of the SMWT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty men and 40 women aged 22.5 ± 2 years, underwent a SMWT to measure the total walked distance and the recovery heart rate (RhR) Also, VO2 max was estimated from the maximal workload achieved in a cyclo-ergometer using the Storer test. A multivariate regression analysis resulted in a prediction equation that was validated with distributional assumptions of normality, independence and homoscedasticity. The limits of concordance of the predictive model were checked with the Bland-Altman diagram. RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI), sex, RhR and total walked distance explained VO2 max variance by 3.4, 73.1, 17.9 and 32.8%, respectively. The prediction equation achieved was VO2 max (ml.min-1) = -3672.585 + (966.472 × Sex [1: female, 2: male]) + (-18.492 X RhR [beats.minute-1]) + (9.191 X Distance [m]) + (87.707 × BMI). The R2 of the equation was 0.91 (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This equation predicts VO2 max in Chilean university students according to sex, BMI, cardiovascular response and performance in the SMWT.


Asunto(s)
Modelos Biológicos , Consumo de Oxígeno/fisiología , Prueba de Paso , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Chile , Prueba de Esfuerzo/métodos , Femenino , Voluntarios Sanos , Humanos , Masculino , Pruebas de Función Respiratoria , Adulto Joven
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(7): 830-838, jul. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-961468

RESUMEN

Background: The six-minute walk test (SMWT) is an easy-to-use test that measures walking distance. Aim: To elaborate an equation to estimate the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max) using the results of the SMWT. Material and Methods: Forty men and 40 women aged 22.5 ± 2 years, underwent a SMWT to measure the total walked distance and the recovery heart rate (RhR) Also, VO2 max was estimated from the maximal workload achieved in a cyclo-ergometer using the Storer test. A multivariate regression analysis resulted in a prediction equation that was validated with distributional assumptions of normality, independence and homoscedasticity. The limits of concordance of the predictive model were checked with the Bland-Altman diagram. Results: Body mass index (BMI), sex, RhR and total walked distance explained VO2 max variance by 3.4, 73.1, 17.9 and 32.8%, respectively. The prediction equation achieved was VO2 max (ml.min−1) = −3672.585 + (966.472 × Sex [1: female, 2: male]) + (-18.492 X RhR [beats.minute−1]) + (9.191 X Distance [m]) + (87.707 × BMI). The R2 of the equation was 0.91 (p < 0.01). Conclusions: This equation predicts VO2 max in Chilean university students according to sex, BMI, cardiovascular response and performance in the SMWT.

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