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Ann Emerg Med ; 63(3): 340-50.e1, 2014 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24120627

RESUMEN

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) cause preventable morbidity and mortality. Hospitals have reduced CLABSI by using a bundle of evidence-based infection prevention practices. Systems factors in the emergency department (ED) present unique barriers to bundle adoption, and no guidelines exist for bundle implementation. We aim to identify barriers and facilitators to central line bundle adoption in EDs. METHODS: We used a qualitative, grounded theory approach, enrolling 6 EDs that were early adopters of the central line bundle. We interviewed 49 administrators and staff (nurses and physicians) through 26 semistructured interviews and 3 focus groups of 6 to 8 individuals. Investigators read each transcript and then iteratively built and refined a set of themes that emerged from the data. RESULTS: Barriers to central line bundle adoption included high acuity, time constraints, staffing, space, ED culture, high ED volume and acuity, role ambiguity, and a lack of methods to track compliance and infection surveillance. Facilitators included champions, staff engagement, workflow redesign that includes a checklist and central line kit or cart, clear staff responsibilities, observer empowerment, and compliance and infection surveillance data. CONCLUSION: The strategies for implementing and sustaining a central line infection prevention bundle in the ED are distinct from those of other clinical settings. Our findings describe the central line bundle workflow in the ED, staff motivations, and the critical systems factors that impede and foster its use. Knowledge of these systems factors should improve bundle adoption in the ED and thereby reduce hospital incidence of CLABSIs.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Relacionadas con Catéteres/prevención & control , Cateterismo Venoso Central/normas , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/organización & administración , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Lista de Verificación , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Paquetes de Atención al Paciente/métodos , Paquetes de Atención al Paciente/normas , Investigación Cualitativa
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