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4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(3): 808-817, 2020 Feb 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931571

RESUMEN

We investigate the theoretical band structure of organic-inorganic perovskites APbX3 with tetragonal crystal structure. Using D4h point group symmetry properties, we derive a general 16-band Hamiltonian describing the electronic band diagram in the vicinity of the wave-vector point corresponding to the direct band gap. For bulk crystals, a very good agreement between our predictions and experimental physical parameters, as band gap energies and effective carrier masses, is obtained. Extending this description to three-dimensional confined hybrid halide perovskite, we calculate the size dependence of the excitonic radiative lifetime and fine structure. We describe the exciton fine structure of cube-shaped nanocrystals by an interplay of crystal-field and electron-hole exchange interaction (short- and long-range parts) enhanced by confinement. Using very recent experimental results on FAPbBr3 nanocrystals, we extract the bulk short-range exchange interaction in this material and predict its value in other hybrid compounds. Finally, we also predict the bright-bright and bright-dark splittings as a function of nanocrystal size.

5.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 25(20): 202202, 2013 May 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23628673

RESUMEN

The initialization of a resident hole spin by the absorption of a circularly polarized light at resonance involves the formation of an excited state called a trion state. For a pure heavy hole, this optical initialization is mediated by the hyperfine electron-nuclear coupling in the trion state. We show here that for a mixed-hole spin an additional mechanism for the optical initialization appears, associated to 'crossed transitions'; it becomes dominant and keeps a high level of hole spin polarization when the magnetic field screens the electron-nuclear interaction. Finally, using a simple model, we obtain a good theoretical agreement with pulsed pump-probe experiments.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(14): 146601, 2009 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19392463

RESUMEN

We have measured the carrier spin dynamics in p-doped InAs/GaAs quantum dots by pump-probe and time-resolved photoluminescence experiments. We obtained experimental evidence of the hyperfine interaction between hole and nuclear spins. In the absence of an external magnetic field, our calculations based on dipole-dipole coupling between the hole and the quantum dot nuclei lead to a hole-spin dephasing time for an ensemble of dots of 14 ns, in close agreement with experiments.

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