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1.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Feb 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586026

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) frequently present a relatively poor prognosis when they coexist with cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM). Moreover, it remains controversial whether prophylactic lymph node dissection (LND) should be performed for patients without clinically lymph node metastasis. Thus, we hereby develop a nomogram for predicting the cervical LNM (including central and lateral LNM) in patients with PTC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical characteristics of adult patients with PTC in the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database between 2010 and 2015 and in our Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between 2019 and 2020. RESULT: A total of 21,972 patients in the SEER database and 747 patients in our department who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in this study. Ultimately, six clinical features including age, gender, race, extrathyroidal invasion, multifocality, and tumor size were identified to be associated with cervical LNM in patients with PTC, which were screened to develop a nomogram. This model had satisfied discrimination with a concordance index (C-index) of 0.733, supported by both internal and external validation with a C-index of 0.731 and 0.716, respectively. A decision curve analysis was subsequently made to evaluate the feasibility of this nomogram for predicting cervical LNM. Besides, a positive correlation between nomogram score and the average number of lymph node metastases was observed in all groups. CONCLUSION: This visualized multipopulational-based nomogram model was successfully established. We determined that various clinical characteristics were significantly associated with cervical LNM, which would be better helping clinicians make individualized clinical decisions for PTC patients.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(3): 1242-1249, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629294

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent chronic autoimmune disease posing a considerable burden on both individuals and society. Tumor necrosis induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2), closely related to PEST-containing nuclear protein (PCNP) expression, is an immune-related protein potentially involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. In this study, we aimed to assess differential expressions of TIPE2 and PCNP in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) between active and inactive RA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant studies were selected from Medline, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). Only observational studies (irrespective of publication status, language, or blinding), which compared patients in high disease activity, irrespective of the sample size, with patients in low disease activity of RA were evaluated. RESULTS: Four studies were included with 248 patients, 138 in the active group and 110 in the inactive group. Three studies provided data on TIPE2 expression levels, where 106 patients were divided into the active group and 88 patients were divided into the inactive group. The pooled analysis revealed a statistically significant difference between the two groups (WMD: 5.60; 95% CI: 5.02-6.18). Two studies provided data on PCNP expression levels, where 64 patients were divided into the active group and 44 patients were divided into the inactive group. The pooled analysis revealed a statistically significant difference between the two groups (WMD: 7.76; 95% CI: 3.09-12.43). CONCLUSIONS: The expression levels of TIPE2 and PCNP are significantly increased in PBMCs of active RA patients.

3.
Sci Adv ; 7(4)2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523957

RESUMEN

For implantable neural interfaces, functional/clinical outcomes are challenged by limitations in specificity and stability of inorganic microelectrodes. A biological intermediary between microelectrical devices and the brain may improve specificity and longevity through (i) natural synaptic integration with deep neural circuitry, (ii) accessibility on the brain surface, and (iii) optogenetic manipulation for targeted, light-based readout/control. Accordingly, we have developed implantable "living electrodes," living cortical neurons, and axonal tracts protected within soft hydrogel cylinders, for optobiological monitoring/modulation of brain activity. Here, we demonstrate fabrication, rapid axonal outgrowth, reproducible cytoarchitecture, and simultaneous optical stimulation and recording of these tissue engineered constructs in vitro. We also present their transplantation, survival, integration, and optical recording in rat cortex as an in vivo proof of concept for this neural interface paradigm. The creation and characterization of these functional, optically controllable living electrodes are critical steps in developing a new class of optobiological tools for neural interfacing.

4.
Sci Adv ; 7(5)2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571117

RESUMEN

This paper reports a flexible electronics-based epidermal biomicrofluidics technique for clinical continuous blood glucose monitoring, overcoming the drawback of the present wearables, unreliable measurements. A thermal activation method is proposed to improve the efficiency of transdermal interstitial fluid (ISF) extraction, enabling extraction with a low current density to notably reduce skin irritation. An Na+ sensor and a correction model are proposed to eliminate the effect of individual differences, which leads to fluctuations in the amount of ISF extraction. An electrochemical sensor with a 3D nanostructured working electrode surface is designed to enable precise in situ glucose measurement. A differential structure is proposed to eliminate the effect of passive perspiration, which leads to inaccurate blood glucose prediction. Fabrications of the epidermal biomicrofluidic device including formation of flexible electrodes, nanomaterial modification, and enzyme immobilization are fully realized by inkjet printing to enable facile manufacturing with low cost, which benefits practical production.

6.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535332

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the status and its influencing factors of job burnout among female workers of labor-intensive enterprises. Methods: A total of 750 female workers from 5 labor-intensive enterprises in Guangdong Province were selected as the study subjects by random cluster sampling method in August, 2019. 665 valid questionnaires were collected, and the effective recovery rate was 88.67%. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey was used to assess job burnout and its influencing factors were analyzed. Results: Among 665 female workers, 429 (64.51%) found to have different levels of burnout, among which 380 (57.14%) were mild to moderate burnout and 49 (7.37%) were severe burnout. The comprehensive scores of job burnout in different age, marital status, current post working age, working time per week, personal monthly income, working system and occupational stress groups were statistically significant (P<0.01) . There were significant differences in the score of emotional exhaustion in different age, marital status, current working age, working time per week, personal monthly income and occupational stress groups (P<0.05) . There were significant differences in the dimensions of depersonalization in different age, weekly work time, personal monthly income, working system and occupational stress groups (P<0.05) . There were significant differences in the dimensions of low individual achievement in different education levels, weekly work time, working system and occupational stress groups (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The female workers of labor-intensive enterprises are generally have mild to moderate job burnout. The main influencing factors of job burnout are weekly work time and occupational stress.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Estrés Laboral , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Emociones , Empleo , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548943

RESUMEN

Objective: To verify the accuracy and effectiveness of Goldengate high-throughput deafness gene chip in detecting the patients with enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome(EVAS), and to provide a reference for genetic detection strategy of EVAS. Methods: From August 2016 to February 2018, 15 patients with EVAS and 60 normal controls were detected by Goldengate high-throughput deafness detection chip developed by our team, and the results were verified by Sanger sequencing. SLC26A4 gene sequencing was carried out in all the patients with EVAS. Results: 12/15 of patients with EVAS were detected mutations of SLC26A4 gene. Nine mutations were detected by chip detection and SLC26A4 gene direct sequencing, seven of which were detected by both methods. The chip could detect 93.33%(28/30) of the allele information provided by SLC26A4 gene direct sequencing. In addition to SLC26A4 gene, mutations of GJB2, PCDH15, TMC1, MYO6 and mitochondrial genes were detected in 15 patients with EVAS. These results were verified by Sanger sequencing. Conclusion: Goldengate high-throughput deafness gene chip possesses the traits of wide coverage and high accuracy, which can be used as a preliminary detection method for patients with EVAS.

8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 291-296, 2021 Feb 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626618

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the trend of premature death of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Wuxi from 2008 to 2018 and evaluate the influence of premature mortality probability caused by four main NCDs on life expectancy. Methods: Based on the mortality data collected by Wuxi Mortality Registration System and the population data collected by Wuxi Public Security Bureau during 2008-2018, this study analyzes the trend of the probability of premature death on malignant tumors, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes. The impact on life expectancy was analyzed by using the methods of abridged life table, Joinpoint regression, and life expectancy contribution decomposition. Results: From 2008 to 2018, the total probability of premature death of four main NCDs in Wuxi were declined consistently from 11.25% to 9.25% (AAPC = -2.0%, 95%CI: -2.6--1.5), higher in female (from 7.74% to 5.91%) than that in male (from 14.49% to 12.51%). The Wuxi resident's life expectancy increased by 1.86 years (from 78.66 to 80.52 years), in males and 1.26 years (from 83.85 to 85.11 years) in females, respectively. The decline of premature death of malignant tumors, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and chronic respiratory system diseases had a positive contribution to life expectancy, which contributed 0.34 years (23.90%), 0.15 years (10.50%), and 0.03 years (2.36%) to the life expectancy growth, respectively. Among which, premature death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in men aged 40-55y had a negative contribution to life expectancy (-0.04 years). The probability of premature death of males with diabetes was on the rise (AAPC = 7.1%, 95%CI: 2.8-11.6), which negatively contributed to life expectancy for both males and females, reducing life expectancy by 0.03 years (-2.14%) in Wuxi. Conclusion: The premature death probability of four main NCDs in Wuxi declined consistently from 2008 to 2018, which played a positive role in the growth of life expectancy. Compared with females, males had a higher premature death probability and a slower rate of decline. More intervention and health management of premature male death on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes should be conducted to improve life expectancy further.

9.
Clin Radiol ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551151

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of intracranial foreign body granulomas (FBGs) and true recurrent tumours (RTs) and thus lead to a basis for management decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with previous brain tumour surgery were diagnosed clinically with RT and underwent surgery. Re-operative pathology revealed FBG in eight patients and RT in 14 patients. MRI findings before the initial operation were compared to those before the re-operation. RESULTS: Features of FBGs versus RTs on MRI were as follows: (1) mean lesion size: 1.3 ± 0.7 (0.5-2.6) versus 3.2 ± 1.7 (1.1-6.3) cm (p=0.001, odds ratio [OR] = 4.18); (2) hypointensity on T2-weighted imaging (WI): 6/8 (75%) versus 0/14 (0%; p<0.001, OR=75.4); (3) non-restricted diffusion on diffusion-WI (DWI): 6/8 (75%) versus 2/14 (14.3%; p=0.008, OR=18); and (4) "ring and bubble" appearance on contrast-enhanced T1WI: 7/8 (87.5%) versus 2/14 (14.3%; p=0.001, OR=42). In comparison with their original tumours, the FBGs in the FBG group showed significantly lower T2 signal intensity, lower signal on DWI, and more cases of non-restricted diffusion on DWI (p=0.04, 0.04, 0.04, respectively). CONCLUSION: On brain MRI, FBGs can be differentiated from RTs by their relatively smaller size, hypointensity on T2WI, lack of restricted diffusion on DWI, and "ring and bubble" appearance on contrast-enhanced T1WI. Comparing the MRI findings of the focal lesion in the tumour bed with those of the original tumour is suggested to enhance diagnostic confidence.

10.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(1)2021 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593046

RESUMEN

Peptidyl arginine deiminase 4 (PADI4), an enzyme that converts arginine residues to citrulline residues in the presence of calcium ions, affects the biochemical activities of proteins. The biological function of PADI4 as well as its mechanism in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) necessitates further investigation. PADI4 expression in NPC tissues and cells was detected using Western blot. qRT-PCR was used to determine the expression of miR-335-5p and PADI4 mRNA in NPC tissues and cells. BrdU assay and CCK-8 assay were employed to detect cell proliferation. Cell migration and invasion were evaluated using Transwell assay. NPC cells were exposed to different doses of radiation in vitro, and then colony formation assays were used to detect colony survival. The target relationship between miR-335-5p and PADI4 was verified using Western blot, qRT-PCR, and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays. Compared with normal mucosal epithelial tissues and cell lines, the expression level of PADI4 in NPC tissues and cells was significantly up-regulated. PADI4 overexpression promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells. Under radiation, NPC cell survival was significantly promoted by the up-regulation of PADI4. Conversely, knock-down of PADI4 suppressed the above-mentioned malignant phenotypes. MiR-335-5p could bind with the 3' UTR of PADI4 mRNA, and suppressed the expression of PADI4. PADI4 down-regulated the expression of p21 and activated the mTOR signaling pathway. PADI4, which is negatively regulated by miR-335-5p, promotes the proliferation, migration, invasion and radioresistance of NPC cells by regulating the p21 and mTOR signaling pathways.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(4): 041104, 2021 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576661

RESUMEN

We report the observation of new properties of primary iron (Fe) cosmic rays in the rigidity range 2.65 GV to 3.0 TV with 0.62×10^{6} iron nuclei collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment on the International Space Station. Above 80.5 GV the rigidity dependence of the cosmic ray Fe flux is identical to the rigidity dependence of the primary cosmic ray He, C, and O fluxes, with the Fe/O flux ratio being constant at 0.155±0.006. This shows that unexpectedly Fe and He, C, and O belong to the same class of primary cosmic rays which is different from the primary cosmic rays Ne, Mg, and Si class.

12.
PM R ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543576

RESUMEN

Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy via an implantable infusion system is an effective treatment for severe medical refractory spasticity and can significantly improve quality of life for patients, but it is not without risk. A structured clinical program with regular maintenance and pump failure protocols is essential to ensure patient safety. We outline two distinct institutional experiences of developing a multidisciplinary ITB program, one pediatric and one adult. At our adult institution, management is divided between the physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) and neurosurgical teams. PMR responsibilities include patient selection, baclofen injection and tone assessment, pump titration/maintenance, and outpatient follow-up. Neurosurgery responsibilities include inpatient management, intrathecal access, pump insertion and evaluation in cases of suspected pump failure. At our pediatric institution, PMR is responsible for patient selection, tone assessment during baclofen trial (lumbar puncture and baclofen injection is provided by interventional radiology), inpatient management/titration, pump titration/maintenance, evaluation in cases of suspected pump failure, and outpatient follow-up. Neurosurgery responsibilities include patient selection, inpatient management, pump insertion, evaluation and emergent surgical treatment in cases of suspected pump failure. ITB therapy is an effective treatment for severe medical treatment-resistant spasticity that significantly improves quality of life for many patients but is not without risk. The implementation of a structured multidisciplinary program is essential to ensure patient safety and best practice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Br J Biomed Sci ; : 1-6, 2021 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393424

RESUMEN

Background: Glioma, the most common tumour in children next to leukaemia, is difficult to treat, with a poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. Xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XPG) plays a key role in the nucleotide excision repair pathway, which may modulate individual susceptibility to developing cancer. We hypothesized links between XPG variants and glioma in children. Methods: We tested our hypothesis in a study comparing 171 glioma cases with 228 age and sex matched controls, determining XPG polymorphisms rs2094258 C > T, rs751402 C > T, rs2296147 T > C, rs1047768 T > C, rs873601 G > A by standard molecular genetic methods. Results: rs2094258 C > T was associated with a decreased glioma risk, but carrying the rs1047768 C or rs873601 A allele brought an increased risk. Subjects carrying 5 risk genotypes had a significantly increased glioma risk at an adjusted odds ratio of 1.97 (95% confidence Interval 1.26-3.08)(p = 0.003) when compared with those carrying 0-4 risk genotypes. Furthermore, children with 5 risk genotypes had a higher glioma risk when aged >60 months, were more likely to be male, and with subtypes of astrocytic tumours, and low-grade clinical stage, when compared to those with 0-4 risk genotypes. Preliminary functional exploration suggested that rs2094258 is linked with the expression of its surrounding genes in the expression quantitative trait locus analysis. Conclusion: Certain variants of XPG are risk factors for paediatric glioma, and so may be useful in early diagnosis.

14.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 42(2): 240-246, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414230

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Traditional statistical models and pretreatment scoring systems have been used to predict the outcome for acute ischemic stroke patients (AIS). Our aim was to select the most relevant features in terms of outcome prediction on the basis of machine learning algorithms for patients with acute ischemic stroke and to compare the performance between multiple models and the Stroke Prognostication Using Age and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (SPAN-100) index model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective multicenter cohort of 1431 patients with acute ischemic stroke was subdivided into recanalized and nonrecanalized patients. Extreme Gradient Boosting machine learning models were built to predict the mRS score at 90 days using clinical, imaging, combined, and best-performing features. Feature selection was performed using the relative weight and frequency of occurrence in the models. The model with the best performance was compared with the SPAN-100 index model using area under the receiver operating curve analysis. RESULTS: In 3 groups of patients, the baseline NIHSS was the most significant predictor of outcome among all the parameters, with relative weights of 0.36∼0.69; ischemic core volume on CTP ranked as the most important imaging biomarker with relative weights of 0.29∼0.47. The model with the best-performing features had a better performance than the other machine learning models. The area under the curve of the model with the best-performing features was higher than SPAN-100 model and reached statistical significance for the total (P < .05) and the nonrecanalized patients (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Machine learning-based feature selection can identify parameters with higher performance in outcome prediction. Machine learning models with the best-performing features, especially advanced CTP data, had superior performance of the recovery outcome prediction for patients with stroke at admission in comparison with SPAN-100.

15.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 30: e6, 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416045

RESUMEN

AIMS: There is compelling evidence for gradient effects of household income on school readiness. Potential mechanisms are described, yet the growth curve trajectory of maternal mental health in a child's early life has not been thoroughly investigated. We aimed to examine the relationships between household incomes, maternal mental health trajectories from antenatal to the postnatal period, and school readiness. METHODS: Prospective data from 505 mother-child dyads in a birth cohort in Singapore were used, including household income, repeated measures of maternal mental health from pregnancy to 2-years postpartum, and a range of child behavioural, socio-emotional and cognitive outcomes from 2 to 6 years of age. Antenatal mental health and its trajectory were tested as mediators in the latent growth curve models. RESULTS: Household income was a robust predictor of antenatal maternal mental health and all child outcomes. Between children from the bottom and top household income quartiles, four dimensions of school readiness skills differed by a range of 0.52 (95% Cl: 0.23, 0.67) to 1.21 s.d. (95% CI: 1.02, 1.40). Thirty-eight percent of pregnant mothers in this cohort were found to have perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms in the subclinical and clinical ranges. Poorer school readiness skills were found in children of these mothers when compared to those of mothers with little or no symptoms. After adjustment of unmeasured confounding on the indirect effect, antenatal maternal mental health provided a robust mediating path between household income and multiple school readiness outcomes (χ2 126.05, df 63, p < 0.001; RMSEA = 0.031, CFI = 0.980, SRMR = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant mothers with mental health symptoms, particularly those from economically-challenged households, are potential targets for intervention to level the playing field of their children.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo Infantil , Renta , Salud Materna/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Madres/psicología , Conducta Social , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios de Cohortes , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Madres/estadística & datos numéricos , Embarazo , Estudios Prospectivos , Singapur , Clase Social , Factores Socioeconómicos
17.
ESMO Open ; 6(1): 100021, 2021 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508734

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Liquid biopsy based on 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) signatures of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) originating from tumor cells provides a novel approach for early diagnosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we sought to develop a reliable model using cfDNA 5hmC signatures and protein biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out genome-wide 5hmC sequencing of cfDNA samples collected from 165 healthy volunteers, 62 liver cirrhosis (LC) patients and 135 HCC patients. A sensitive 5hmC diagnostic model was developed based on 5hmC signatures selected by sparse Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis and cross-validation to define the weighted diagnostic score (wd-score). Then, we combined protein biomarkers with the wd-score to build a more robust score (HCC score) by logistic regression. RESULTS: The distribution pattern of differential 5hmC regions could clearly distinguish HCC patients, LC patients and healthy volunteers. The wd-score based on 64 5hmC signatures in cfDNA achieves 93.24% of area under the curve (AUC) to distinguish HCC patients from non-HCC patients, and the HCC score by combing protein biomarkers achieves 92.75% of AUC to distinguish HCC patients from LC patients. Meanwhile, the HCC score showed high capacity for screening high recurrence risk patients after receiving surgical resection, and appeared to be an independent indicator for both relapse-free survival (P = 0.00865) and overall survival (P = 0.000739). Furthermore, the values of the HCC score in patients' longitudinal plasma samples were positively associated with tumor burden dynamics during follow-up. CONCLUSION: We have developed and validated a novel non-invasive liquid biopsy strategy for HCC diagnosis, prognosis and surveillance during HCC progression.

18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(4): 286-292, 2021 Jan 26.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486939

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of combined hepatic artery resection for the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: We searched Pubmed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, China Knowledge Network, Wanfang Data Resource System, Vip-Chinese Sci-tech Journal System Database, and China Biomedical Literature Database, and collected the randomized controlled studies or retrospective studies on the safety and efficacy of combined hepatic artery resection and non-hepatic artery resection in the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. The search period is from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2019. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to analyze the extracted data indicators. Results: A total of 14 articles were collected, and a total of 2 374 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma were included in the study. Meta-analysis results showed that the perioperative mortality in the hepatic artery resection (HAR) group was higher than that of the control group (OR=1.70, 95%CI=0.02-2.90, P=0.05), and the total postoperative morbidity rate was higher than that of the control group (OR=1.28, 95%CI= 0.93-1.76, P=0.13), both of which were not statistically significant compared with the control group. Subgroup analysis showed that the incidence of liver failure (OR=1.15, 95%CI= 0.73-1.82, P=0.54), biliary fistula (OR=1.20, 95%CI= 0.78-1.84, P=0.40), and abdominal infection in the two groups (OR=0.98, 95%CI= 0.53-1.83, P=0.95) was without significant difference. The R0 resection rate of the HAR group was higher than that of the control group, and the difference was not statistically significant (OR=1.08, 95%CI=0.66-1.75, P=0.77). The rates of lymph node metastasis in the HAR group were higher than that in the control group (OR= 2.48, 95%CI= 1.05-5.84, P=0.04). One-year(OR=0.48, 95%CI= 0.32-0.72, P=0.000 5), 3-year (OR= 0.51, 95%CI=0.36-0.72, P=0.000 1), and 5-year (OR=0.50, 95%CI=0.35-0.70, P<0.000 1) survival rates of HAR group were lower than those of the control group. The survival rates of patients in HAR group treated with combined chemotherapy drugs after operation were significantly improved (OR= 7.33, P=0.02). Conclusions: The safety of combined HAR treatment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma is acceptable, but poor postoperative survival may be related to the high lymph node metastasis rate. Therefore, it is still necessary to be cautious in carrying out this operation. Combined with adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery may improve survival.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de los Conductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Tumor de Klatskin , Neoplasias de los Conductos Biliares/cirugía , Conductos Biliares Intrahepáticos , China , Colangiocarcinoma/cirugía , Hepatectomía , Arteria Hepática , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431227

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to assess the anatomy of antroliths and its influence on the thickness of the maxillary sinus membrane. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was performed on 239 patients (478 sinuses). The prevalence of antroliths per sinus was 8.4%. Regarding their distribution, antroliths were predominantly unilateral (82.5%), single (67.5%), and in a dentate area (60.0%). The antroliths were mainly located in the molar region (95.0%) and in the sinus floor (77.5%). The measured dimensions of the antroliths were as follows: length 5.6±4.4mm, width 4.1±2.9mm, height 3.5±2.1mm. The relationships between the antroliths and the sinus membrane (type 1, 34.1%; type 2, 52.3%; type 3, 13.6%) indicated that sinus membranes tended to encircle antroliths, which resulted in a gradual increase in membrane thickness. The sinus membrane was found to be significantly thicker in the presence of antrolith(s) (P<0.001). Antroliths which are sufficiently large or are located adjacent to the sinus floor or lateral wall increase the risk of sinus membrane perforation during sinus augmentation procedures. Therefore, a thorough CBCT evaluation is needed to minimize the risk of complications prior to sinus augmentation procedures.

20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(1): 142-148, 2021 Jan 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503711

RESUMEN

Disease burden caused by colorectal cancer is growing, which has become a major concern in public health. Population-based screening has been proved effective in reducing the morbidity and mortality of colorectal cancer. To date, more evidences regarding the changes in genetics, epigenetics and microbiome of colorectal cancer have been recognized. Emerging technologies for gene sequencing and molecular detection shed lights on the development of informative colorectal cancer related biomarkers. In this article, we summarize the latest findings in research of biomarkers for colorectal cancer screening and early detection to provide references for the development of novel effective and non-invasive colorectal cancer screening tests in the future.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Biomarcadores de Tumor/genética , Neoplasias Colorrectales/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorrectales/genética , Epigénesis Genética , Humanos , Tamizaje Masivo
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