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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955750

RESUMEN

Graphite has dominated the market of anode materials for lithium-ion batteries in applications such as consumer electronic devices and electric vehicles. As commercial graphite anodes are approaching their theoretical capacity, significant efforts have been dedicated towards higher capacity by blending capacity-enhancing additives (e.g., Si) with graphite particles. In spite of the improved gravimetric capacity, the areal capacity of such composite anodes might decrease due to excess void spaces and an incompatible material size distribution. Herein, a rational design of compact graphite/Si/SiO2 ternary composites has been proposed to address the abovementioned issues. Si/SiO2 clusters with an optimal particle size are homogeneously dispersed in the interstitial spaces between graphite particles to promote the packing density, leading to a higher areal capacity than that of pure graphite with equivalent mass loading or electrode thickness. By taking the full intrinsic advantages of graphite, Si, and SiO2, the composite electrodes exhibit 553.6 mAh g-1 after 700 cycles with a capacity retention of 95.2%. Furthermore, the graphite/Si/SiO2 electrodes demonstrate a high coulombic efficiency with an average of 99.68% from 2nd to 200th cycles and areal capacities above 1.75 mAh cm-2 during 200 cycles with an areal mass loading as high as 4.04 mg cm-2. A packing model has been proposed and verified by experimental investigation as a design principle of densely compacted anodes. The effective strategy of introducing Si/SiO2 clusters into the void spaces between graphite particles provides an alternative solution for implementation of graphite-Si composite anodes in next-generation Li-ion cells.

2.
Chemistry ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876453

RESUMEN

Increasing the metal loading and downsizing the metal particle size are two effective ways to boost the electrochemical performance of catalysts. However, it is difficult to simultaneously increase the metal loading and reduce the particle size since isolated individual atoms are easy to aggregate into nanoparticles when increasing the metal loading. To tackle this contradiction, we report a bottom-up ligand-mediated strategy to facilely prepare ultrafine CoO x  nanoclusters anchored on a Co-N-containing carbon matrix (CoO x @Co-NC). The co-exist of N and O atoms prevent Co atoms agglomerating into large particles and allowing the formation of ultrafine dispersed Co species with large Co loading (up to 20 wt.%). Since the relationship between ultrasmall size and large metal loading is well balanced, the CoO x nanoclusters have no inhibitory effect, but facilitate the catalytic performance of Co-N 4 sites during OER process. Consequently, due to the synergistic effect of ultrafine CoO x nanoclusters and Co-N 4  macrocycles, the as-synthesized CoO x @Co-NC exhibit promising OER activity (η 10 =370 mV, Tafel plot=40 mV/dec), bettering than that of benchmark RuO 2  (η 10 =411 mV, Tafel plot=72 mV/dec). This ligand-mediated strategy to synthesize carbonaceous materials containing dual active centers with large metal loading is promising for developing active and stable catalysts for electrocatalytic applications.

3.
Circ Heart Fail ; 14(4): e007901, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866828

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a global public health problem with important regional differences. We investigated these differences in the PARAGON-HF trial (Prospective Comparison of Angiotensin Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitor With Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Global Outcomes in HFpEF), the largest and most inclusive global HFpEF trial. METHODS: We studied differences in clinical characteristics, outcomes, and treatment effects of sacubitril/valsartan in 4796 patients with HFpEF from the PARAGON-HF trial, grouped according to geographic region. RESULTS: Regional differences in patient characteristics and comorbidities were observed: patients from Western Europe were oldest (mean 75±7 years) with the highest prevalence of atrial fibrillation/flutter (36%); Central/Eastern European patients were youngest (mean 71±8 years) with the highest prevalence of coronary artery disease (50%); North American patients had the highest prevalence of obesity (65%) and diabetes (49%); Latin American patients were younger (73±9 years) and had a high prevalence of obesity (53%); and Asia-Pacific patients had a high prevalence of diabetes (44%), despite a low prevalence of obesity (26%). Rates of the primary composite end point of total hospitalizations for HF and death from cardiovascular causes were lower in patients from Central Europe (9 per 100 patient-years) and highest in patients from North America (28 per 100 patient-years), which was primarily driven by a greater number of total hospitalizations for HF. The effect of treatment with sacubitril-valsartan was not modified by region (interaction P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with HFpEF recruited worldwide in PARAGON-HF, there were important regional differences in clinical characteristics and outcomes, which may have implications for the design of future clinical trials. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT01920711.

4.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853325

RESUMEN

Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is characterized by the lack of ganglion cells in the distal part of the digestive tract. It occurs due to migration disorders of enteric neural crest cells (ENCCs) from 5 to 12 weeks of embryonic development. More and more studies show that HSCR is a result of the interaction of multiple genes and the microenvironments, but its specific pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Studies have confirmed that many substances in the intestinal microenvironment, such as laminin and ß1-integrin, play a vital regulatory role in cell growth and disease progression. In addition to these high-molecular-weight proteins, research on endogenous polypeptides derived from these proteins has been increasing in recent years. However, it is unclear whether these endogenous peptides have effects on the migration of ENCCs and thus participate in the occurrence of HSCR. Previously, our research group found that compared with the normal intestinal tissue, the expression of AHNAK protein in the stenosed intestinal tissue of HSCR patients was significantly upregulated, and overexpression of AHNAK could inhibit cell migration and proliferation. In this study, endogenous peptides were extracted from the normal control intestinal tissue and the stenosed HSCR intestinal tissue. The endogenous polypeptide expression profile was analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and multiple peptides derived from AHNAK protein were found. We selected one of them, "EGPEVDVNLPK", for research. Because there is no uniform naming system, this peptide is temporarily named PDAHNAK (peptide derived from AHNAK). This project aims to clarify the potential role of PDAHNAK in the development of HSCR and to further understand its relationship with its precursor protein AHNAK and how they contribute to the development of HSCR.

5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(4): 315-20, 2021 Apr 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896128

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the dynamic changes of lumbosacral sagittal parameters after real-time three-dimensional navigation assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and traditional open TLIF for treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. METHODS: The clinical data of 61 patients with lumbar degenerative disease underwent single-segment surgery from September 2017 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 31 cases underwent MIS-TLIF with 3D navigation techniques (MIS-TLIF group) and another 30 cases underwent conventional open TLIF (traditional open TLIF group). The basic information, operative time and intraoperative blood loss were collected. The sagittal radiologic parameters were measured before surgery and 3 months after surgery, including lumbar lordosis (LL), segmental lordosis (SL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), anterior disc height (ADH), posterior disc height(PDH).And the average disc height(DH) and pelvic incidence to lumbar lordosis mismatch (PI-LL) were calculated. RESULTS: Operative time and intraoperative blood loss in MIS-TLIF group were significantly less than in traditional open TLIF group(P<0.05). In MIS-TLIF group, LL, SL, PI-LL, and DH were significantly improved at 3 months after surgery (P<0.05), while PI, PT, and SS were not statistically different from those before surgery (P>0.05). LL, PI-LL, and DH of patients in the traditional open TLIF group were significantly improved at 3 months after surgery (P<0.05), while the PI, PT, SS, and SL were not statistically different from those before surgery (P>0.05). LL change showed a significant correlation with SL change (r= 0.433, P<0.001). Change in SL closely correlated to change in ADH (r=0.621, P<0.05) and PDH(r=0.527, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Real-time navigation-assisted MIS-TLIF and traditional open TLIF can recover DH in a short term for lumbar degenerative diseases, improve LL and PI-LL, and make the arrangement of the sagittal plane of the lumbosacral region more coordinated after surgery. But only the navigation assisted MIS -TLIF can significantly improve SL. Compared with traditional open TLIF, real-time navigation assisted MIS-TLIF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases has the advantages of short operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Asunto(s)
Vértebras Lumbares , Fusión Vertebral , Humanos , Vértebras Lumbares/cirugía , Región Lumbosacra , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Mínimamente Invasivos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914416

RESUMEN

Destruction of tumor metabolism symbiosis is an attractive cancer treatment method which targets tumor cells with little harm to normal cells. Yet, a single intervention strategy and poor penetration of the drug in tumor tissue result in limited effect. Herein, we propose a zero-waste zwitterion-based hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S)-driven nanomotor based on the basic principle of reaction in human body. When loaded with monocarboxylic acid transporter inhibitor α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (α-CHCA), the nanomotor can move in tumor microenvironment and induce multiple acidosis of tumor cells and inhibit tumor growth through the synergistic effect of motion effect, driving force H 2 S and α-CHCA. Given the good biosafety of the substrate and driving gas of this kind of nanomotor, as well as the limited variety of nanomotors currently available to move in the tumor microenvironment, this kind of nanomotor may provide a competitive candidate for the active drug delivery system of cancer treatment.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25224, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847619

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: We investigate whether patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of retinal vascular disease (RVD). Data was collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance system and included patients newly diagnosed with CKD between 2000 and 2012. The endpoint of interest was a diagnosis of RVD. Follow-up data of 85,596 patients with CKD and 85,596 matched comparisons (non-CKD) from 2000 to 2012 were analyzed. Patients with CKD were found to have a significantly higher cumulative incidence of RVD (Kaplan-Meier analysis, log-rank test P < .0001). Through multivariate Cox regression analysis, the CKD group was found to have higher risk of developing RVD (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) [95% confidence interval (CI)]: 2.30 [2.16-2.44]) when compared to the control cohort. When comparison of CKD group and non-CKD group was stratified by gender, age and comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia), the higher risk of RVD in patients with CKD remained significant in all subgroups. Patients with CKD were found to have higher risk of developing RVD in this cohort study. In addition, CKD imposed the same risk for RVD development in all age groups and in patients with or without hypertension or diabetes. Thus, patients with CKD should be vigilant for symptoms of RVD. Understanding the link between CKD and RVD could lead to the development of new treatment and screening strategies for both diseases.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/epidemiología , Enfermedades de la Retina/epidemiología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Estimación de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Sexuales , Taiwán/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
8.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 74: 105173, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848590

RESUMEN

Cigarette smoking increases health risks, such as respiratory diseases and heart diseases. Despite the decline in smoking rates in some countries, millions of adults still choose to smoke cigarettes. The use of next-generation nicotine delivery devices, such as tobacco heating products (THPs), may become a potentially safer alternative to smoking. Here, we report on the development of an electrically heated THP, coded as THP COO, with three different flavored tobacco sticks. The purpose of the study was to measure the levels of a list of harmful and potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs) in the total particulate matter (TPM) generated and to conduct a set of toxicological assessments of THP COO as compared with 3R4F reference cigarette. For all 55 HPHCs identified, the levels generated by the THP tobacco sticks were significantly lower in comparison to those in 3R4F TPM. The rate of reduction of HPHCs was between 68.6% and 99.9% under Health Canada Intense (HCI) smoking regimen. Human lung cancer cells (NCI-H292) exposed to 3R4F TPM showed dose-dependent responses for most of the 15 in vitro toxicity endpoints, whereas those exposed to comparable doses of THP COO TPMs did not. Therefore, exclusive use of the THP COO products may reduce the exposure of those tested HPHCs and thus potentially reduce health risk of smoking.

9.
J Neuroimaging ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33817897

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although ophthalmic complaints were mostly mentioned in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), emotional and psychological disturbances are increasingly concerned. We aimed to investigate the brain functional alteration in TAO patients by using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) with the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF), regional homogeneity (ReHo), and degree centrality (DC) methods. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive TAO patients and 21 healthy controls (HCs) underwent rs-fMRI scans. The fALFF, ReHo, and DC values were compared between groups. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, TAO group showed decreased fALFF values in bilateral calcarine/left lingual gyrus and left middle occipital gyrus (MOG). Moreover, TAO group had decreased ReHo values in left MOG/inferior occipital gyrus/fusiform gyrus, while increased ReHo values in bilateral middle frontal gyrus (MFG)/superior frontal gyrus (SFG) than HCs. TAO group also showed decreased DC values in bilateral postcentral gyrus (PoCG)/precentral gyrus/superior parietal lobule and supplementary motor area, and increased DC values in left SFG/MFG and MFG. In TAO patients, ReHo value in left MOG was positively correlated with visual acuity (r = 0.524, p = 0.021), while ReHo values in bilateral MFGs were negatively correlated with cognitive scores (left/right: r = -0.476/-0.527, p = 0.039/0.020). DC value in left PoCG was negatively correlated with disease duration (r = -0.492, p = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that TAO patients had brain functional alterations in the visual network, executive control network, sensorimotor network, and attention network, which may reflect potential visual and cognitive dysfunctions.

10.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(4): 5, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821882

RESUMEN

Purpose: Increasing evidence indicated that thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) might be a neural related disease more than an ocular disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate the alterations of structural brain connectome in patients with TAO. Methods: Twenty-seven patients with TAO and 27 well-matched healthy controls underwent diffusion tensor imaging. Graph theoretical analyses, including global (shortest path length, clustering coefficient, small-worldness, global efficiency, and local efficiency) and nodal (nodal betweenness, nodal degree, and nodal efficiency) topological properties and network-based statistics were performed to evaluate TAO-related changes in brain network pattern. Correlations were assessed between the network properties and clinical variables, including disease duration, visual acuity, neuropsychiatric measurements, and serum thyroid function indexes. Results: Compared with healthy controls, patients with TAO exhibited preserved global network parameters but altered nodal properties. We found decreased nodal betweenness and nodal degree in right anterior cingulate and paracingulate gyri, decreased nodal degree and nodal efficiency in the right orbital part of middle frontal gyrus (ORBmid), whereas increased nodal degree and nodal efficiency in the left cuneus. Decrease of structural connectivity strength was found involving the right ORBmid, right putamen, left caudate nucleus, and left medial superior frontal gyrus. Significant correlations were also found between nodal properties and neuropsychological performances as well as visual acuity. Conclusions: Patients with TAO developed disruption of structural brain network connectome. Disrupted topological organization of the brain structural network may be associated with the clinical-psychiatric dysfunction of patients with TAO.

11.
Life (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809046

RESUMEN

Searching for life in the Universe depends on unambiguously distinguishing biological features from background signals, which could take the form of chemical, morphological, or spectral signatures. The discovery and direct measurement of organic compounds unambiguously indicative of extraterrestrial (ET) life is a major goal of Solar System exploration. Biology processes matter and energy differently from abiological systems, and materials produced by biological systems may become enriched in planetary environments where biology is operative. However, ET biology might be composed of different components than terrestrial life. As ET sample return is difficult, in situ methods for identifying biology will be useful. Mass spectrometry (MS) is a potentially versatile life detection technique, which will be used to analyze numerous Solar System environments in the near future. We show here that simple algorithmic analysis of MS data from abiotic synthesis (natural and synthetic), microbial cells, and thermally processed biological materials (lab-grown organisms and petroleum) easily identifies relational organic compound distributions that distinguish pristine and aged biological and abiological materials, which likely can be attributed to the types of compounds these processes produce, as well as how they are formed and decompose. To our knowledge this is the first comprehensive demonstration of the utility of this analytical technique for the detection of biology. This method is independent of the detection of particular masses or molecular species samples may contain. This suggests a general method to agnostically detect evidence of biology using MS given a sufficiently strong signal in which the majority of the material in a sample has either a biological or abiological origin. Such metrics are also likely to be useful for studies of possible emergent living phenomena, and paleobiological samples.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812154

RESUMEN

Inking is part of a defensive stress response in cephalopods (cuttlefish, squid, and octopus). Some individual cuttlefish (Sepia pharaonis) die after continued stress and inking; however, the physiological effects of cephalopods in response to stress and inking remain unknown. The present study investigated the metabolic profile and discussed the physiological roles of S. pharaonis tissues in response to continuous inking using the 1H NMR spectroscopy coupled with multivariate data analysis. A total of 50 metabolites, including amino acids, organic osmolytes, nucleotides, energy storage compounds, and obvious tissue-specific metabolites induced by inking stress, were identified in S. pharaonis tissues. Exposure to inking stress had different effects on the levels of the studied metabolites, for example, the levels of isoleucine, trimethylamine-N-oxide, and betaine increased, but those of arginine and ATP decreased in the liver; inosine and lactate were accumulated whereas glutamate and choline were depleted in the gill; the levels of lactate and isoleucine were elevated but those of arginine and glycogen were depleted in the muscle tissue. Furthermore, the corresponding metabolic pathways of the characteristic metabolites indicated major changes in the functions of these metabolites. Histological changes in the studied tissues revealed liver lobule damage immediately after inking, with the presence of disordered epithelial cells and partial cell necrosis in the gill. Our results demonstrated that a combination of metabolomics and histological analyses could provide molecular-level insights for elucidating the defense response of cuttlefish against predators.

13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33917268

RESUMEN

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common recurrent functional gastrointestinal disorder that impacts on patients physically and mentally. Studies on IBS have focused on adults, yet few studies have examined IBS among female university students. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of IBS for female university students and its related factors. Using a cross-sectional study design, a total of 2520 female university students were recruited in southern Taiwan. The structured questionnaires, including the Rome III IBS diagnostic questionnaire, IBS symptom severity scale, Perceived Stress Scale, and World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) were used for data collection. A total of 1894 female students complete the questionnaires. The response rate was 75.15%. The results indicated 193 female students with IBS and the prevalence of IBS was 10.1%. IBS female students had higher levels of stress and lower QOL than non-IBS female students. The risk factors for female university students developing IBS were dysmenorrhea, food avoidance, class absenteeism, and the lower physical domain of QOL. It is advised to consider these factors when providing students with counselling and relevant services in the expectation of alleviating their IBS symptoms, reducing the incidence rate of IBS, and further improving their QOL.

14.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 225, 2021 Apr 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902686

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a chronic parasitic disease that affects millions of people's health worldwide. Because of the increasing drug resistance to praziquantel (PZQ), which is the primary drug for schistosomiasis, developing new drugs to treat schistosomiasis is crucial. Oxadiazole-2-oxides have been identified as potential anti-schistosomiasis reagents targeting thioredoxin glutathione reductase (TGR). METHODS: In this work, one of the oxadiazole-2-oxides derivatives furoxan was used as the lead compound to exploit a series of novel furoxan derivatives for studying inhibitory activity against both recombinant Schistosoma japonicum TGR containing selenium (rSjTGR-Sec) and soluble worm antigen protein (SWAP) containing wild-type Schistosoma japonicum TGR (wtSjTGR), in order to develop a new leading compound for schistosomiasis. Thirty-nine novel derivatives were prepared to test their activity toward both enzymes. The docking method was used to detect the binding site between the active molecule and SjTGR. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) of these novel furoxan derivatives was preliminarily analyzed. RESULTS: It was found that several new derivatives, including compounds 6a-6d, 9ab, 9bd and 9be, demonstrated greater activity toward rSjTGR-Sec or SWAP containing wtSjTGR than did furoxan. Interestingly, all intermediates bearing hydroxy (6a-6d) showed excellent inhibitory activity against both enzymes. In particular, compound 6d with trifluoromethyl on a pyridine ring was found to have much higher inhibition toward both rSjTGR-Sec (half-maximal inhibitory concentration, IC50,7.5nM) and SWAP containing wtSjTGR (IC50 55.8nM) than furoxan. Additionally, the docking method identified the possible matching sites between 6d and Schistosoma japonicum TGR (SjTGR), which theoretically lends support to the inhibitory activity of 6d. CONCLUSION: The data obtained herein showed that 6d with trifluoromethyl on a pyridine ring could be a valuable leading compound for further study.

15.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914701

RESUMEN

Objective We aimed to examine prospective associations between circulating fatty acids in early pregnancy and incident gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Chinese pregnant women. Methods Analyses were based on two prospective nested case-control studies conducted in western China (336 GDM cases and 672 matched controls) and central China (305 cases and 305 matched controls). Fasting plasma fatty acids in early pregnancy (gestational age at enrollment: 10.4 weeks [standard deviation, 2.0]) and 13.2 weeks [1.0], respectively) were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and GDM was diagnosed based on the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Groups criteria during 24-28 weeks of gestation. Multiple metabolic biomarkers (HOMA-IR [homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance], HbA1c, c-peptide, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, adiponectin, leptin, and blood lipids) were additionally measured among 672 non-GDM controls at enrollment. Results Higher levels of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) 14:0 (pooled odds ratio, 1.41 for each 1-standard deviation increase; 95% confidence interval, 1.25, 1.59) and 16:0 (1.19; 1.05, 1.35) were associated with higher odds of GDM. Higher levels of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) 18:2n-6 was strongly associated with lower odds of GDM (0.69; 0.60, 0.80). In non-GDM pregnant women, higher SFAs 14:0 and 16:0 but lower n-6 PUFA 18:2n-6 were generally correlated with unfavorable metabolic profiles. Conclusions We documented adverse associations of 14:0 and 16:0 but a protective association of 18:2n-6 with GDM among Chinese pregnant women. Our findings highlight the distinct roles of specific fatty acids in the onset of GDM.

16.
ACS Sens ; 6(3): 1120-1128, 2021 03 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724004

RESUMEN

The wearable and self-powered sensors with multiple functions are urgently needed for energy saving devices, economical convenience, and artificial human skins. It is a meaningful idea to convert excess heat sources into power supplies for wearable sensors. In this report, we have fabricated a series of free-standing self-powered temperature-strain dual sensors based on poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT:PSS)/carbon nanocoils (CNCs)-poly(vinyl) alcohol composite films by a simple drop casting method. The Seebeck coefficients of the composite films were measured to be 19 µV/K. The sensor, with the addition of CNCs, showed a superior sensing performance to that without CNCs. PEDOT:PSS is used to provide a thermoelectric power to detect temperature changes and strain deformations. The minimum detect limit for the temperature difference was 0.3 K. Under a constant temperature gradient of 30 K, strains from 1 to 10% were detected without any external power supply. The films can be easily made into an array to detect the temperature of the fingers and motions of the wrist by attaching it to the human wrist directly. For the first time, due to the independent action of the thermoelectric material and strain sensing material, the thermoelectric voltage which is generated by a constant temperature difference is maintained under different strains. This kind of free-standing self-powered multifunctional sensors has great application prospects in the fields of healthcare and artificial intelligence in the future.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 210, 2021 Mar 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761872

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Safety issues of probiotic products have been reported frequently in recent years. Ten bacterial strains isolated from seven commercial probiotic products on market were evaluated for their safety, by whole-genome analysis. RESULTS: We found that the bacterial species of three probiotic products were incorrectly labeled. Furthermore, six probiotic product isolates (PPS) contained genes for the production of toxic metabolites, while another three strains contained virulence genes, which might pose a potential health risk. In addition, three of them have drug-resistance genes, among which two strains potentially displayed multidrug resistance. One isolate has in silico predicted transferable genes responsible for toxic metabolite production, and they could potentially transfer to human gut microflora or environmental bacteria. Isolates of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis are associated with low risk for human consumption. Based on a comparative genome analysis, we found that the isolated Enterococcus faecium TK-P5D clustered with a well-defined probiotic strain, while E. faecalis TK-P4B clustered with a pathogenic strain. CONCLUSIONS: Our work clearly illustrates that whole-genome analysis is a useful method to evaluate the quality and safety of probiotic products. Regulatory quality control and stringent regulations on probiotic products are needed to ensure safe consumption and protect human health.

18.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782726

RESUMEN

After more than a century of development, autologous fat transplantation (AFT), a repair method for soft tissue defects and deformities, has the advantages of being simple, rapid, effective and safe, and it is increasingly favoured by plastic surgeons. This article reviews the developmental history of AFT, analyses its clinical application status in the oral and maxillofacial regions, and provides a preliminary summary and discussion of the research progress related to AFT. The hope is that that this technique could be widely applied for oral and maxillofacial diseases as well as facial rejuvenation indications. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

19.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(3): 606-613, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694262

RESUMEN

Increased heart rate is a predictor of cardiovascular disease, heart failure, and all-cause mortality. In those with high heart rates, interventions for heart rate reduction have been associated with reductions in coronary events. Asia is a diverse continent, and the prevalences of hypertension and cardiovascular disease differ among its countries. The present analysis of AsiaBP@Home study data investigated differences among resting heart rates (RHRs) in 1443 hypertensive patients from three Asian regions: East Asia (N = 595), Southeast Asia (N = 680), and South Asia (N = 168). This is the first study to investigate self-measured RHR values in different Asian countries/regions using the same validated home BP monitoring device (Omron HEM-7130-AP/HEM-7131-E). Subjects in South Asia had higher RHR values compared with the other two regions, and the regional tendency found in RHR values was different from that found in BP values. Even after adjusting for age, sex, BMI, habitual alcohol consumption, current smoking habit, shift worker, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, history of heart failure, and beta-blocker use, both office and home RHR values in South Asia were the highest among Asia (mean values ± SE of office: East Asia [E] 75.2 ± 1.5 bpm, Southeast Asia [Se] 76.7 ± 1.5 bpm, South Asia [S] 81.9 ± 1.4 bpm; home morning: [E] 69.0 ± 1.2 bpm, [Se] 72.9 ± 1.2 bpm, [S] 74.9 ± 1.1 bpm; home evening: [E] 74.6 ± 1.2 bpm, [Se] 78.3 ± 1.2 bpm, [S] 83.8 ± 1.1 bpm). Given what is known about the impact of RHR on heart disease, our findings suggest the possible benefit of regionally tailored clinical strategies for cardiovascular disease prevention.

20.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(3): 489-495, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705599

RESUMEN

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk of hypertension and is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. In Asian countries, the prevalence of OSA is high, as in Western countries. When blood pressure (BP) is evaluated in OSA individuals using ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), the BP phenotype often indicates abnormal BP variability, such as increased nighttime BP or abnormal diurnal BP variation, that is, non-dipper pattern, riser pattern, and morning BP surge, and all these conditions have been associated with increased CVD events. Asians have a higher prevalence of increased nighttime BP or morning BP surge than Westerners. Therefore, this review paper focused on OSA and hypertension from an Asian perspective to investigate the importance of the association between OSA and hypertension in the Asian population. Such abnormal BP variability has been shown to be associated with progression of arterial stiffness, and this association could provoke a vicious cycle between abnormal BP phenotypes and arterial stiffness, a phenomenon recognized as systemic hemodynamic atherothrombotic syndrome (SHATS). OSA may be one of the background factors that augment SHATS. An oxygen-triggered nocturnal oscillometric BP measurement device combined with a pulse oximeter for continuous SpO2 monitoring could detect BP variability caused by OSA. In addition to treating the OSA, accurate and reliable detection and treatment of any residual BP elevation and BP variability caused by OSA would be necessary to prevent CVD events. However, more detailed detection of BP variability, such as beat-by-beat BP monitoring, would further help to reduce CV events.

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