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1.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 129-137, 2020 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071476

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To provide a reference for using intraoral scanners for making clinical diagnostic dentures of edentulous jaws by comparing the accuracy of three intraoral scanners for primary impression and jaw relation record of edentulous jaws. METHODS: This study contained 6 primary impressions of the edentulous patients. Each of the impressions consisted of the maxillary primary impression, the mandibular primary impression and the jaw relation record. For each of them, a dental cast scanner (Dentscan Y500) was used to obtain stereolithography (STL) data as reference scan, and then three intraoral scanners including i500, Trios 3 and CEREC Primescan were used for three times to obtain STL data as experiment groups. In Geomagic Studio 2013 software, trueness was obtained by comparing experiment groups with the reference scan, and the precision was obtained from intragroup comparisons. Registered maxillary data of the intraoral scan with reference scan, the morphological error of jaw relation record was obtained by comparing jaw relation record of the intraoral scan with the reference scan. Registered mandibular data with jaw relation record of intraoral scan and the displacement of the jaw position were evaluated. Independent samples t test and Mann-Whitney U test in the SPSS 20.0 statistical software were used to statistically analyze the trueness, precision and morphological error of jaw relation record of three intraoral scanners. The Bland-Altman diagram was used to evaluate the consistency of the jaw relationship measured by the three intraoral scanners. RESULTS: The trueness of i500, Trios 3 and CEREC Primescan scanners was (182.34±101.21) µm, (145.21±71.73) µm, and (78.34±34.79) µm for maxilla; (106.42±21.63) µm, and 95.08 (63.08) µm, (78.45±42.77) µm for mandible. There was no significant difference in trueness of the three scanners when scanning the maxilla and mandible(P>0.05). The precision of the three scanners was 147.65 (156.30) µm, (147.54±83.33) µm, and 40.30 (32.80) µm for maxilla; (90.96±30.77) µm, (53.73±23.56) µm, and 37.60 (93.93) µm for mandible. The precision of CEREC Primescan scanner was significantly better than that of the other two scanners for maxilla (P<0.05). Trios 3 and CEREC Primescan scanners were significantly better than i500 scanner for mandible (P<0.05). The precision of the i500 and Trios 3 scanners for mandible was superior to maxilla (P<0.05). The upper limit of 95% confidence intervals of trueness and precision of three scanners for both maxilla and mandible were within ±300 µm which was clinically accepted. The morphological error of jaw relation record of the three scanners was (337.68±128.54) µm, (342.89±195.41) µm, and (168.62±88.35) µm. The 95% confidence intervals of i500 and Trios 3 scanners were over 300 µm. CEREC Primescan scanner was significantly superior to i500 scanner(P<0.05).The displacement of the jaw position of the three scanners was (0.83±0.56) mm, (0.80±0.45) mm, and (0.91±0.75) mm for vertical dimension; (0.79±0.58) mm, (0.62±0.18) mm, and (0.53±0.53) mm for anterior and posterior directions; (0.95±0.59) mm, (0.69±0.45) mm, and (0.60±0.22) mm for left and right directions. The displacement of the jaw position of the three scanners in vertical dimension, anterior and posterior directions and the left and right directions were within the 95% consistency limit. CONCLUSION: Three intraoral scanners showed good trueness and precision. The i500 and Trios 3 scanners had more errors in jaw relation record, but they were used as primary jaw relation record. It is suggested that three intraoral scanners can be used for obtaining digital data to make diagnostic dentures and individual trays, reducing possible deforming or crack when sending impressions from clinic to laboratory.

2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007356

RESUMEN

Cleft lip and/or cleft palate are the most common congenital craniofacial anomalies. Philtral ridge morphology is an important aesthetic component of unilateral cleft lip (UCL) repair. To this end, we have developed two techniques of philtral ridge reconstruction: (1) asymmetric mattress muscle sutures, and (2) overlapping mattress muscle sutures. The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to compare their outcomes in UCL repairs. Group I patients (n=30) underwent UCL repair before August 2003, including philtral ridge reconstruction by asymmetric mattress muscle sutures. Group II patients (n=30) underwent UCL repair after August 2003, including philtral ridge reconstruction by overlapping mattress muscle sutures. Philtral morphology was evaluated by ultrasonographic and three-dimensional photographic measurements, examining cleft side philtral projection and philtral ridge symmetry. These demonstrated that group II patients had better philtral column symmetry and projection on the cleft side when compared to group I. Overlapping mattress muscle sutures produced better philtral morphology in UCL repairs than asymmetric mattress muscle sutures.

3.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008993

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To identify the optimal acquisition time to best discriminate between benign and malignant breast lesions on contrast-enhanced cone beam CT (CE-CBCT) and evaluate the potential of CE-CBCT to differentiate between breast cancer subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 98 women with a mean age of 49±10 (SD) years (range: 29-77 years) with 100 BI-RADS 4 or 5 breast lesions were prospectively included. CE-CBCT images were obtained at 1- and 2-min after intravenous administration of iodinated contrast material. Contrast enhancement of breast lesions on CE-CBCT were evaluated and compared between different subtypes. Cut-off values for best discriminating between benign and malignant breast lesions with CE-CBCT were obtained from receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: Malignant breast lesions showed greater enhancement than benign ones at 1-min (67.28±39.79 [SD] HU vs. 42.27±40.31 [SD] HU, respectively; P=0.007) and 2-min (70.93±38.05 [SD] HU vs. 48.94±41.83 [SD] HU, respectively; P=0.016) after intravenous administration of contrast material. At 1-min after intravenous administration of contrast material, an optimal cut-off value of 54.43 HU was found to best discriminate between malignant and benign breast lesions (AUC=0.681; 95%CI: 0.558-0.805; P=0.006) yielding 69.0% sensitivity (95%CI: 56.9-79.5%) and 69.2% specificity (95% CI: 48.2-85.7%). At 2-min, an optimal cut-off value of 72.65 HU was found to best discriminate between malignant and benign breast lesions (AUC=0.654; 95%CI: 0.535-0.774; P=0.020) yielding 50.7% sensitivity (95%CI: 38.6-62.8%) and 80.8% specificity (95%CI: 60.6-93.4%). CE-CBCT helped differentiate between immunohistochemical subtypes of breast lesions with lowest enhancement for triple negative lesions. No differences in enhancement were found among histopathological subtypes lesions at 1-min (P=0.478) and 2-min (P=0.625). CONCLUSION: CE-CBCT helps discriminate between malignant and benign breast lesions, with best capabilities obtained at 1-min after intravenous administration of contrast material. For malignant lesions, quantitative analysis of enhancement on CE-CBCT helps differentiate between immunohistochemical subtypes.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(3): 032002, 2020 Jan 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031834

RESUMEN

Using a total of 11.0 fb^{-1} of e^{+}e^{-} collision data with center-of-mass energies between 4.009 and 4.6 GeV and collected with the BESIII detector at BEPCII, we measure fifteen exclusive cross sections and effective form factors for the process e^{+}e^{-}→Ξ^{-}Ξ[over ¯]^{+} by means of a single baryon-tag method. After performing a fit to the dressed cross section of e^{+}e^{-}→Ξ^{-}Ξ[over ¯]^{+}, no significant ψ(4230) or ψ(4260) resonance is observed in the Ξ^{-}Ξ[over ¯]^{+} final states, and upper limits at the 90% confidence level on Γ_{ee}B for the processes ψ(4230)/ψ(4260)→Ξ^{-}Ξ[over ¯]^{+} are determined. In addition, an excited Ξ baryon at 1820 MeV/c^{2} is observed with a statistical significance of 6.2-6.5σ by including the systematic uncertainty, and the mass and width are measured to be M=(1825.5±4.7±4.7) MeV/c^{2} and Γ=(17.0±15.0±7.9) MeV, which confirms the existence of the J^{P}=3/2^{-} state Ξ(1820).

5.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034832

RESUMEN

Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) is frequently used to study brain function; but, it is unclear whether BOLD-signal fluctuation amplitude and functional connectivity are associated with vascular factors, and how vascular-health factors are reflected in rs-fMRI metrics in the healthy population. As arterial stiffening is a known age-related cardiovascular risk factor, we investigated the associations between aortic stiffening (as measured using pulse-wave velocity [PWV]) and rs-fMRI metrics. We used cardiac MRI to measure aortic PWV (an established indicator of whole-body vascular stiffness), as well as dual-echo pseudo-continuous arterial-spin labeling to measure BOLD and CBF dynamics simultaneously in a group of generally healthy adults. We found that: (1) higher aortic PWV is associated with lower variance in the resting-state BOLD signal; (2) higher PWV is also associated with lower BOLD-based resting-state functional connectivity; (3) regions showing lower connectivity do not fully overlap with those showing lower BOLD variance with higher PWV; (4) CBF signal variance is a significant mediator of the above findings, only when averaged across regions-of-interest. Furthermore, we found no significant association between BOLD signal variance and systolic blood pressure, which is also a known predictor of vascular stiffness. Age-related vascular stiffness, as measured by PWV, provides a unique scenario to demonstrate the extent of vascular bias in rs-fMRI signal fluctuations and functional connectivity. These findings suggest that a substantial portion of age-related rs-fMRI differences may be driven by vascular effects rather than directly by brain function.

6.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035624

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate whether preflushing before connecting a power injector to a patient's catheter reduces the incidence of venous air embolism (VAE) in contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: With the approval from the local ethics committee, consecutive patients were divided randomly into a control group and a preflushing group and underwent CTA from June to November 2017. The control group underwent the conventional injection procedure. In the preflushing group, the injector tubes were flushed at high speed (10 ml/s) with saline before being connected to the patients' indwelling catheters. The locations, number, and sizes of VAE were analysed. The difference in the incidence of VAE between the two groups was compared. RESULTS: A total of 4,900 adults (control/preflushing, 2,190/2,710) were included and 228 (4.65%) patients were found to have 318 VAEs (285 bubbles and 33 gas-liquid plane VAEs). The incidence of VAE in the preflushing group (3.21%) was lower than that in the control group (6.44%); a similar trend was observed for multiple VAEs (p<0.05). VAEs occurred in the following locations from high to low frequency: right atrium>pulmonary artery trunk>superior vena cava>right ventricle>left brachial vein>right brachial vein. There was no significant difference in the location, shape, or diameters (p=0.19) of VAEs between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed preflushing procedure is simple yet effective in reducing the incidence of VAE by 50.16% in patients with CTA, thus improving safety during power injection.

7.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016676

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The role of CXCL10 in progression and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been studied for years, yet results remain controversial. AIM: This study aims to explore the relationship between CXCL10 and CRC progression and prognosis. METHODS: We evaluated plasma CXCL10 in CRC patients using ELISA. We also performed a meta-analysis of the associations between CXCL10 and overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), relapse-free survival (RFS), and clinicopathological features. Finally, correlations between CXCL10 and methylation or immune infiltration were performed using TCGA data. RESULTS: ELISA analysis showed that CXCL10 was associated with age, red blood cells, blood platelets, and blood urea nitrogen. A separate analysis of 3,763 patients from 24 studies revealed that there were significant associations between low CXCL10 expression and OS (HR 1.25, 95% CI 1.01-1.53), DFS (HR 1.65, 95% CI 1.17-2.34), and RFS (HR 1.43, 95% CI 1.20-1.71) in CRC. Additionally, downregulated CXCL10 expression was significantly correlated with age [odds ratio (OR) 1.31, 95% CI 1.13-1.52], metastasis (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.11-1.63), recurrence (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.16-1.83), tumor location (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.58-2.24), differentiation (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.35-0.93), microsatellite instability (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.15-0.35), BRAF mutation (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.25-2.08), p53 mutation (OR 0.28, 95% CI 0.16-0.47), and CIMP (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.17-0.43). Furthermore, significant associations were observed between CXCL10 and methylation and immune infiltration. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests that CXCL10 might be a potential target for the treatment of CRC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03189992. Registered 4 June 2017, https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/study/NCT03189992?term=NCT03189992&rank=1.

8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 517-525, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016953

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to research the effect of miR-202-5p-mediated ATG7 on autophagy and apoptosis of degenerative nucleus pulposus cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The intervertebral disc nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue of patients with intervertebral disc degenerative disease and normal intervertebral disc nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue of patients with spinal fractures was collected as the research object. Normal NP cells and degenerative NP cells were isolated. Low expression of miR-202-5p and overexpression of ATG7 were carried out in degenerative NP cells. The expression of miR-202-5p and ATG7 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR. The expression of ATG7, LC3-II, Bax, and Bcl-2 proteins was detected by Western blot. The autophagy of cells was detected by MDC staining. The apoptosis of NP cells was detected by flow cytometry. The targeting relationship between miR-202-5p and ATG7 was detected by Dual-Luciferase reporter. RESULTS: In the degenerative NP tissues, miR-202-5p was highly expressed and ATG7 was low expressed. The inhibition of miR-202-5p expression can effectively promote autophagy of NP cells, increase the expression of ATG7 and LC3-II, inhibit the apoptosis of NP cells, inhibit the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax, and promote the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 proteins. The upregulation of ATG7 expression in degenerative NP cells alone had the same effect as the downregulation of miR-202-5p. The assay of the Dual-Luciferase reporter confirmed the targeting relationship between miR-202-5p and ATG7. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-202-5p can affect the autophagy and apoptosis of degenerative nucleus pulposus cells through targeted adjustment of ATG7, which may be a new therapeutic target for intervertebral disc degenerative diseases.

9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 633-638, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016964

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer is one of the most ordinary malignant tumors. Recently, the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in tumor progression has caught the attention of numerous researchers. In this work, lncRNA SNHG14 was studied to identify how it functioned in the progression of prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: First, Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) was utilized to measure SNHG14 expression in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, to identify the function of SNHG14 in prostate cancer, functional experiments were conducted in vitro and in vivo. In addition, by performing Luciferase assays and RNA immunoprecipitation assay (RIP), the underlying mechanism was explored. RESULTS: In this work, SNHG14 expression was remarkably higher in prostate cancer samples when compared with that in the corresponding ones. Moreover, cell proliferation was inhibited after SNHG14 was silenced in prostate cancer cells and the expression of miR-613 was upregulated after SNHG14 was silenced. Further mechanism assays showed that miR-613 was a direct target of SNHG14 in prostate cancer. In addition, tumor formation was inhibited after SNHG14 was knocked-down in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our study discovers a potential oncogene in prostate cancer and identifies that SNHG14 enhances cell proliferation via sponging miR-613.

10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 851-861, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016991

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response that can lead to the dysfunction of many organs, including the cardiac one. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to be involved in multiple organ injuries induced by sepsis. However, the regulatory effect of nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) on sepsis-induced myocardial injury remains to be explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sepsis models of myocardial cell injury were constructed using lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell viability. Flow cytometry was performed to assess cell apoptosis. Moreover, the levels of apoptosis-related and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway-related proteins were evaluated by Western blot (WB) analysis. Besides, the contents of inflammatory cytokines were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression levels of NEAT1 and microRNA-144-3p (miR-144-3p) were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). In addition, Dual-Luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays were used to verify the interaction between NEAT1 and miR-144-3p. RESULTS: LPS could induce myocardial cell injury to construct sepsis models. NEAT1 was upregulated in LPS-treated myocardial cells, and its knockdown promoted viability, suppressed apoptosis, and relieved inflammatory response in LPS-induced myocardial cell injury. MiR-144-3p was downregulated in LPS-treated myocardial cells, and the effect of its overexpression on LPS-induced myocardial cell injury was similar to the effect of NEAT1 knockdown. Besides, miR-144-3p could be sponged by NEAT1, and its inhibitor could reverse the effect of NEAT1 knockdown on LPS-induced myocardial cell injury. Moreover, NEAT1 and miR-144-3p could regulate the activity of NF-κB signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA NEAT1 could interact with miR-144-3p to regulate sepsis-induced myocardial cell injury through the NF-κB signaling pathway, which might provide a new theoretical basis for the study on the effect of sepsis treatment.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 639-646, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017004

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding RNAs, which exert crucial functions in regulating biological progressions. Previous studies have demonstrated the anti-tumor effect of miRNA-215-5p. However, its specific role in influencing the progression of prostate cancer (PCa) remains unclear. This study aims to uncover the regulatory effect of miRNA-215-5p on the metastasis and prognosis of PCa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MiRNA-215-5p levels in collected PCa tissues (n=52) and paracancerous tissues (n=52) were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between miRNA-215-5p level and pathological indexes, as well as overall survival of PCa patients, was analyzed. Regulatory effects of miRNA-215-5p on proliferative and metastatic capacities of LNCaP and DU-145 cells were evaluated through cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell assay, respectively. Bioinformatics prediction was performed to search for the target genes of miRNA-215-5p and PGK1 was selected. The biological role of PGK1 in the progression of PCa was finally clarified by a series of rescue experiments. RESULTS: MiRNA-215-5p was lowly expressed in PCa tissues and cell lines. Low level of miRNA-215-5p predicted poor prognosis in PCa patients. The silence of miRNA-215-5p enhanced viability, migratory, and invasive capacities of LNCaP cells, while the overexpression of miRNA-215-5p yielded the opposite trends in DU-145 cells. PGK1 was predicted to be the target of miRNA-215-5p. PGK1 was upregulated in PCa tissues and cell lines and its high level predicted poor prognosis of PCa. Moreover, PGK1 level was negatively correlated to that of miRNA-215-5p in PCa tissues. PGK1 was able to reverse the regulatory effects of miRNA-215-5p on metastatic potentials of PCa cells. CONCLUSIONS: Downregulated miRNA-215-5p in PCa is closely related to distant metastasis and poor prognosis of affected patients. MiRNA-215-5p alleviates the malignant progression of PCa by targeting and downregulating PGK1.

12.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(0): E008, 2020 Feb 17.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062875

RESUMEN

Objective: To describe the characteristics of clinical manifestations and epidemiology of children with 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. Methods: All 34 children with laboratory-confirmed 2019-nCoV infection by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR through nasopharyngeal swab specimens were admitted to the Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen from January 19 to Febuary 7, 2020. Clinical data and epidemiological history of these patients were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results: Among the 34 cases, 14 were males, and 20 were females. The median age was 8 years and 11 months. No patients had underlying diseases. There were 28 children (82%) related with a family cluster outbreak. There were 26 children (76%) with a travel or residence history in Hubei Province. These patients could be categorized into different clinical types, including 22 (65%) common cases, 9 (26%) mild cases and 3 (8.8%) asymptomatic cases. No severe or critical cases were identified. The most common symptoms were fever (17 cases, 50%) and cough (13 cases, 38% ). In the 34 cases, the white blood cell counts of 28 cases (82%) were normal. Five cases had white blood cell counts more than 10×10(9)/L. One case had white blood cell counts less than 4×10(9)/L. Neutropenia and lymphopenia was found in one case, respectively. C-reactive protein levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rates were elevated in 1 and 5 case, respectively. Elevated procalcitonin was found in 1 case and D-Dimer in 3 cases. The levels of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) were more than 400 U/L in 10 cases. The CT images of these patients showed bilateral multiple patchy or nodular ground-glass opacities and/or infiltrating shadows in middle and outer zone of the lung or under the pleura. Twenty patients were treated with lopinavir and ritonavir. Glucocorticoids and immunoglobulin were not used in any cases. All the cases improved and were discharged from hospital. Further following up was need. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations in children with 2019-nCoV infection are non-specific and are milder than that in adults. Chest CT scanning is heplful for early diagnosis. Children's infection is mainly caused by family cluster outbreak and imported cases. Family daily prevention is the main way to prevent 2019-nCoV infection.

13.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062892

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the status of blood-borne occupational exposure and protection among health care workers (HCWs) in dental practice, and provide evidence for making effective prevention. Methods: From April 1 to 15, 2019, a stratified random sampling method was conducted to investigate the data of blood-borne occupational exposure among 221 dental HCWs in 2018, and Chi-squared Test was used to evaluate the differences of status on occupational exposure and protection among different professionals, such as nurses, doctors and trainees, and among different-grade hospitals. Results: A total of 166 HCWs were exposed to occupational exposure 269 times, with the annual incidence of 75.11% (166/221) , and 37.55% (101/269) of exposures were reported. However, all source patients of exposures had failed to be traced. 89.59% (241/269) of exposures were sharp injuries. The top three instruments caused injuries were syringe/bilan needles, suture needles and vehicle needles, accounting for 35.68% (86/241) 、16.60% (40/241) and 16.18% (39/241) , respectively; and the top three exposure operations were removal/disposal of needles or instruments, suture/assisting suture and injection of anesthetic, accounting for 37.17% (100/269) 、22.30% (60/269) and 17.84% (48/269) , respectively. There were statistically significant differences among different professionals in occupational exposure frequency, reporting rate, the types of instruments caused injuries, exposure operations and hepatitis B vaccinated time (P<0.01) . The compliance rate of standard precautions, safe operation, post-exposure reporting and prevention, and training on occupational protection were generally poor among HCWs, with significant differences in different-grade hospitals (P<0.01) . Conclusion: There is a high incidence, low reporting rate and poor self-protection of blood-borne occupational exposure among dental HCWs. Strongly suggesting that standard precautions, safe use and disposal of oral instruments, active post-exposure report and prevention must be improved for everyone.

14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062896

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the clinical manifestations, electrophysiology results, treatment and prognosis of acrylamide-induced toxic peripheral neuropathy. Methods: The clinical data of 9 patients with acrylamide-induced toxic peripheral neuropathy, who were collected in Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital from January 2015 to August 2018, were retrospectively reviewed. Results: This disease was characterized by distal limb numbness, some patients with hypoalgesia or allergy, deep sense loss, reduction or disappearance of tendon reflexes, and peeling. One case had muscle weakening and another case had cerebellar ataxia. Examination of electromyography showed only one case had spontaneous potential. Examination of nerve conduction showed that the amplitude decreased by 34 (38.6%) and the velocity decreased by 2 (2.3%) , the percentage of amplitude decreased was significantly higher than that of velocity decreased. The amplitude of sensory nerve decreased by 30 (57.7%) and motor nerve decreased by 4 (11.1%) , the percentage of sensory nerve amplitude decreased was significantly higher than that of motor nerve. After the treatment of nutrition, circulation improvement, numbness relief, glucocorticoid and other drugs, the numbness of the patients was relieved, but it did not completely disappear. Poor recovery of pain, deep sensation and tendon reflex in all patients. The results of reexamination of electromyography in 3 cases were worse than before. Therefore, it is suggested that peripheral nerve damage is irreversible. Conclusion: This disease is characterized by distal limb numbness. Electrophysiological results suggest that the damage of sensory nerve axon is the main cause of the disease. Up to now, there is no effective drug to treat this disease, therefore, it is very important to do a good job of protection.

15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 48-54, 2020 Jan 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062942

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the association between the frequency of bowel movement (BMF) and the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: In this study, 510 134 participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) were included after excluding those who reported to had been diagnosed with cancer at baseline survey. The baseline survey was conducted from 2004 to 2008. The study used the data from the baseline survey and follow-up until December 31, 2016. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the HRs and the 95%CIs of risk of PD diagnosis with BMF. Results: During an average follow-up period of (9.9±1.9) years, 808 participants were diagnosed with PD. Compared with participants who had bowel movements every day, the multivariable-adjusted HR (95%CI) for those who had bowel movements<3 times/week, once every 2-3 days, and>1 time/day were 3.62 (2.88-4.54), 2.13 (1.74-2.60), and 0.81 (0.63-1.05), respectively. The linear trend test results of the association between BMF and risk of PD diagnosis was significant (P<0.001). Compared with the participants who had bowel movements ≥1 time/day, the multivariable-adjusted HR (95%CI) for those who had bowel movements<1 time/day was 3.13 (2.32-4.23) within the 5 years of follow- up and was 2.48 (2.05-3.01) beyond the 5 years of follow-up. The gender specific results were similar. The association of BMF<1 time/day with risk of PD diagnosis was stronger in older participants. Conclusions: The participants with low BMF at baseline survey would have higher risk for PD diagnosis in the subsequent 10 years on average. Since abnormal decrease of BMF is easy to be found, programs could be set up for the early screening of PD in older people, along with other early symptoms of PD.

17.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 16-22, 2020 Jan 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023749

RESUMEN

Objective: To probe the prognostic value of consolidation chemotherapy in non-favorable acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who were candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with first complete remission (CR(1)) and negative minimal residual disease (MRD(-)) . Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 155 patients with non-favorable AML who received allo-HSCT in CR(1)/MRD(-) from January 2010 to March 2019. The survival data were compared between patients who received and those not received pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy. Results: A total of 102 patients received pre-transplant consolidation chemotherapy (consolidation group) , and 53 cases directly proceeded to allo-HSCT when CR(1)/MRD(-) was achieved (nonconsolidation group) . The median ages were 39 (18-56) years old and 38 (19-67) years old, respectively. Five-year post-transplant overall survival [ (59.3±7.5) % vs (62.2±6.9) %, P=0.919] and relapse-free survival [ (53.0±8.9) % vs (61.6±7.0) %, P=0.936] were not significantly different between the two groups (consolidation vs nonconsolidation) . There was a weak relationship between consolidation therapy and cumulative incidence of relapse [consolidation: (21.9±5.4) % vs nonconsolidation: (18.3±6.0) %, P=0.942], as well as non-relapse mortality [consolidation: (22.4±4.3) % vs nonconsolidation: (28.4±6.5) %,P=0.464]. Multivariate analysis indicated that pre-transplant consolidation and the consolidation courses (< 2 vs ≥2 courses) did not have an impact on allo-HSCT outcomes. Conclusion: Allo-HSCT for candidate patients without further consolidation when CR(1)/MRD(-) was attained was feasible.


Asunto(s)
Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasia Residual , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Trasplante Homólogo , Adulto Joven
18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(4): 042001, 2020 Jan 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058790

RESUMEN

The process of e^{+}e^{-}→pp[over ¯] is studied at 22 center-of-mass energy points (sqrt[s]) from 2.00 to 3.08 GeV, exploiting 688.5 pb^{-1} of data collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII collider. The Born cross section (σ_{pp[over ¯]}) of e^{+}e^{-}→pp[over ¯] is measured with the energy-scan technique and it is found to be consistent with previously published data, but with much improved accuracy. In addition, the electromagnetic form-factor ratio (|G_{E}/G_{M}|) and the value of the effective (|G_{eff}|), electric (|G_{E}|), and magnetic (|G_{M}|) form factors are measured by studying the helicity angle of the proton at 16 center-of-mass energy points. |G_{E}/G_{M}| and |G_{M}| are determined with high accuracy, providing uncertainties comparable to data in the spacelike region, and |G_{E}| is measured for the first time. We reach unprecedented accuracy, and precision results in the timelike region provide information to improve our understanding of the proton inner structure and to test theoretical models which depend on nonperturbative quantum chromodynamics.

20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 104-110, 2020 Feb 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074671

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the antibacterial properties and the osteoblast-compatibility of chlorhexidine (CHX)-modified porous titanium. Methods: Smooth pure titanium specimen with diameter of 10.0 mm and thickness of 1.5 mm treated with alkali heat method were set as control group. Those with covalent conjugation of aminosilane were set as silane group, and those with CHX grafted by glutaraldehyde were set as CHX group. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to observe the surface morphology and element compositions were detected by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Hydrophilicity was analyzed by surface water contact angle test (n=6), while surface amino/imine groups quantification were performed through acid orangeⅡ(n=5) and the CHX was quantified by optical densitometric method (n=5). Live/dead bacterial staining, the morphology of adherent bacteria by SEM, plate counting method and inhibition zone method were executed to evaluate the antibacterial property of the samples. Osteoblast compatibility was evaluated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium. Cell-bacterial co-culture was conducted to evaluated the cell viability on the samples under the circumstance with bacteria. Results: After CHX grafting, pores on the titanium surface were decreased, while the atom ratio of C, N, Cl increased and the water contact angle decreased to 37.5°±4.0°. The density of CHX on the surface was (5.07±0.39) µg/cm(2). The results of live/dead bacterial staining and the morphology of adherent bacteria showed that only little dead bacterial (bacterial wall rupture) adherent on the surface of CHX group, which proved that the modified surface could inhibit bacteria adhesion and even destroyed bacteria; the plate counting displayed sporadic colonies and a transparent inhibition zone could be observed, which demonstrated that CHX group could suppress bacteria multiplication from surrounding environment. When incubating for 1 and 3 days, the cell viability of CHX group showed no significant difference from that of control group (P>0.05) ; when incubating for 5 days, the value of cell viability of CHX group was 0.547±0.087, and this was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.751±0.056) (P<0.05), demonstrating a slight inhibition of cell proliferation by CHX. The results of bacteria-cell co-culture for 3 days showed that a mass of bacteria adhered on the surface of the control group while considerable cells adhered on the surface of CHX group and exhibited a good shape. Conclusions: Porous titanium surface grafted by CHX showed an excellent antibacterial properties and allowed cell adhesion in bacterial circumstance, providing immediate implantation options for patients with bad oral health.

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