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1.
Poult Sci ; 100(4): 101028, 2021 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647719

RESUMEN

Acanthopanax senticosus (AS) is a well-known, highly effective traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Polysaccharides extracted from AS (ASPS) have multiple pharmacologic and biological activities with potential use as additives in broiler chicken feed. This trial evaluated the effects of dietary ASPS on growth performance, immune function, antioxidation, and ileal microbial populations in broiler chickens. A total of 240 1-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks were randomly divided into 4 groups, with 10 replicates of 6 chicks and fed a corn- and soybean-based diet supplemented with 0, 1, 2, or 4 g/kg ASPS. Compared with the control group, supplementation with 1 g/kg ASPS increased ADG and ADFI in the finisher and overall periods and decreased the feed conversion ratio in the finisher period (both P < 0.05). Serum IgA and IgM were significantly increased by supplementation with 1 and 2 g/kg of ASPS (P < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities were increased and malondialdehyde concentration was decreased in birds fed ASPS-supplemented diets compared with those in the control group (P < 0.05). Polysaccharides extracted from AS supplementation increased Lactobacillus and decreased Escherichia coli and Salmonella counts in the ileal contents compared with the control diet (both P < 0.05). The results show that dietary ASPS improved growth performance, immune status, and antioxidant capacity and stimulated the growth of beneficial gut bacteria in broiler chickens. In conclusion, ASPS was effective as a natural additive in broiler chicken feed; 1 g/kg can be considered as the optimum dosage.

2.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 117: 104414, 2021 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647728

RESUMEN

The application of pit and fissure sealants is a well-established method to prevent and treat early childhood caries. Resin-based sealants with antibacterial properties provide additional benefits for caries prevention in a cariogenic oral environment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an antibacterial core-shell AgBr/cationic polymer nanocomposite (AgBr/BHPVP) on the properties of a resin-based pit and fissure sealant. A commercialized pit and fissure sealant without fluoride, Concise (3M, ESPE, USA), was used as the parent material and negative control. Experimental antibacterial sealants were formulated by the addition of AgBr/BHPVP nanoparticles at mass fractions of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 wt% to the parent material. A fluoride-releasing sealant, Clinpro (3M, ESPE), was used as the positive control. Bacterial colony-forming unit (CFU) counts, metabolic activity tests, field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) observations were used to evaluate the antibacterial properties of AgBr/BHPVP-modified sealants against Streptococcus mutans before and after five months of aging. The Vickers microhardness, degree of conversion, and microleakage level of the sealants were also investigated. According to the results of CFU counts and metabolic tests, sealants containing AgBr/BHPVP showed better contact-killing bactericidal activity against S. mutans than the two commercial sealants, irrespective of aging conditions (both P < 0.05). The AgBr/BHPVP-modified sealants also showed a significant inhibitory effect on the planktonic S. mutans around the cured sealant surfaces. In addition, the Vickers microhardness, degree of conversion, and microleakage level of the parent material were not damaged by modification with AgBr/BHPVP (P > 0.05). AgBr/BHPVP-modified pit and fissure sealant with a dual bactericidal mechanism is a promising option for the prevention of pit and fissure caries.

3.
Ultramicroscopy ; 224: 113234, 2021 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652237

RESUMEN

We develop an algorithm capable of imaging a three-dimensional object given a collection of two-dimensional images of that object that are significantly influenced by the curvature of the Ewald sphere. These two-dimensional images cannot be approximated as projections of the object. Such an algorithm is useful in cryo-electron microscopy where larger samples, higher resolution, or lower energy electron beams are desired, all of which contribute to the significance of Ewald curvature.

6.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(1): 35-44, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601878

RESUMEN

There are many risk factors for gastric cancer (GC), including chronic atrophic gastritis, which involves multiple genes and signaling pathways. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was performed on GSE111762 to construct free-scale gene co-expression networks and identified four significant modules that consisted of blue, dark orange, dark red and dark violet. In each module, genes with the most connectivity were selected as hub genes, including G antigen 12J (GAGE12J) in blue, proline, histidine and glycine rich 1 (PHGR1) in dark orange, DNA polymerase gamma 2, accessory subunit (POLG2) in dark red and collagen type XXI alpha 1 chain (COL21A1) in dark violet. The transcription level of COL21A1 and GAGE12J was up-regulated in atrophic gastritis vs normal gastric mucosa, but down-regulated in GC vs atrophic gastritis. PHGR1 was consistently down-regulated from normal gastric mucosa to GC, while POLG2 was up-regulated. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was then conducted to study the biological functions of hub genes in the development of GC. It showed that multiple tumorigenesis-related pathways were enriched, including peroxisome, DNA repair and KRAS signaling pathway in COL21A1, IL6-JAK-STAT3, epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and TNFα-NF-κB signaling pathway in PHGR1, MYC targets, E2F targets and angiogenesis in POLG2 and peroxisome, Notch signaling pathway and androgen response in GAGE12J. The identified four genes, especially for COL21A1, PHGR1 and POLG2, were important in GC tumorigenesis and affected many cancer-related pathways.

7.
Neurobiol Aging ; 101: 150-159, 2021 Feb 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610963

RESUMEN

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) consistently detects increased mean diffusivity and decreased fractional anisotropy with advancing age in regions of primarily single white matter (WM) fiber populations, but findings have been inconsistent in regions of more complex fiber architecture. Given that DTI remains more common for characterizing aging WM than advanced diffusion MRI models due to DTI's simplicity, robustness, and efficiency, it is critical to strive to maximize the information extracted from DTI across the entire WM. The present study uses an orthogonal diffusion tensor decomposition based on the 3 eigenvalue moments (mean diffusivity, norm of anisotropy, and mode of anisotropy), yielding clear voxelwise degeneration patterns across the WM, including regions of complex fiber architecture. This indicates that the previous challenges of DTI in these regions were due to the choice of tensor decomposition rather than the DTI model itself. This study therefore presents a revised view of DTI of aging WM and indicates how age-related degeneration in complex fiber architecture can manifest in forms other than decreased fractional anisotropy.

8.
Blood Adv ; 5(5): 1194-1198, 2021 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635332

RESUMEN

B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell survival depends on poorly understood immune evasion mechanisms. In melanoma, the composition of the gut microbiota (GMB) is associated with immune system regulation and response to immunotherapy. We investigated the association of GMB composition and diversity with lymphoma biology and treatment outcome. Patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), marginal zone (MZL), and follicular lymphoma (FL) were recruited at Mayo Clinic, Minnesota, and Perlmutter Cancer Center, NYU Langone Health. The pretreatment GMB was analyzed using 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. We examined GMB compositions in 3 contexts: lymphoma patients (51) compared with healthy controls (58), aggressive (DLBCL) (8) compared with indolent (FL, MZL) (18), and the association of GMB with immunochemotherapy treatment outcomes (8 responders, 6 nonresponders). Respectively, we found that the pretreatment GMB in lymphoma patients had a distinct composition compared with healthy controls (P < .001); GMB compositions in DLBCL patients were significantly different than indolent patients (P = .01) with a trend toward reduced microbial diversity in DLBCL patients (P = .08); and pretreatment GMB diversity and composition were significant predictors of treatment responses (P = .01). The impact of these pilot results is limited by our small sample size, and should be considered a proof of principle. If validated, our results could lead toward improved treatment outcomes by improving medication stewardship and informing which GMB-targeted therapies should be tested to improve patient outcomes.

9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(2): 125-130, 2021 Feb 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548959

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the clinical and genetic features, as well as the treatment outcomes of two boys with nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD) caused by gain-of-function mutations in the V2 vasopressin receptor gene (AVPR2). Methods: The clinical manifestations, genetic testing, therapeutic interventions and the outcomes of two boys with NSIAD hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology, Beijing Children's Hospital in April 2019 were reported. A literature search with "Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis" and "AVPR2 gene" as keywords was conducted at the China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), the Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, PubMed and Springer Link up to May 2020. Relevant published articles were reviewed. Results: The two cases presented with chronic and severe hyponatremia with hypo-osmolality, inappropriately elevated urinary osmolality and urinary sodium levels. The onset age was 5.25-years and 2 months respectively. AVPR2 sequencing revealed a previously described hemizygous activating mutation (c.409C>T, p.R137C) in both of boys, each inherited the variant from their mother. Patient 1 limited fluid intake by himself in his daily life, intravenous and oral sodium supplementations showed no significant increase of serum sodium level. Oral furosemide increased the serum sodium level and maintained it within normal range. The serum sodium and potassium levels were in the normal range during the 1-year follow-up period with oral furosemide. The serum sodium level of Patient 2 increased with restricting fluid intake and with salt supplementation. However, after he experienced respiratory infection, the plasma sodium level decreased. Subsequently, oral anti-infection medicine and furosemide were applied. The serum sodium level increased two days later and remained at a normal range afterwards. The boy was 1 year old with normal growth. He stopped taking furosemide after 4 months while taking 1 gram of salt per day, the blood sodium level maintained at normal range. Literature search identified no reports in Chinese journals, whereas 50 publications were found in English journals. A total of 30 NSIAD probands were reported and 16 of those (53%) had childhood onset, most presented with seizures. The majority had a hotspot change at the nucleotide position of 409 in AVPR2. Nine cases had an amino acid change as R137C and five cases as R137L. Fluid restriction and oral urea intake were main treatment options, no report so far was found with oral furosemide treatment. Conclusions: NSIAD presented with hyponatremia without any other specific presentations. Genetic testing for variants in AVPR2 is helpful for early diagnosis and timely treatment. The first two cases of oral furosemide treatment were reported by the article which helped to maintain a normal serum sodium level after limiting fluid intake and supplementing sodium which showed limited effect.


Asunto(s)
Hiponatremia , Receptores de Vasopresinas , Niño , Preescolar , China , Estudios de Seguimiento , Enfermedades Genéticas Ligadas al Cromosoma X , Humanos , Hiponatremia/diagnóstico , Hiponatremia/genética , Síndrome de Secreción Inadecuada de ADH , Lactante , Masculino , Mutación , Receptores de Vasopresinas/genética
10.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(2): 216-220, 2021 Feb 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557510

RESUMEN

Resin cements have been widely employed for bonding all-ceramic restorations in clinical practice, its color stability is directly related to long-term prosthetic effect of restorations. Discoloration of resin cements can be attributed to two causes: endogenous factors are generally related to material compositions and initiation mechanism of polymerization; exogenous factors are mainly related to stimulation of local oral environment. Color stability of resin cements has close relationship with esthetic effect of all-ceramic restorations. The aim of this literature review was to make a presentation and discussion systematically about color stability of resin cements commonly used clinically, its influence factors and influence on all-ceramic restorations, so as to provide a reference for the application of all-ceramic restorations.


Asunto(s)
Porcelana Dental , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Color , Estética Dental , Ensayo de Materiales
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(6): 416-420, 2021 Feb 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611891

RESUMEN

Objective: To summarize the clinical effect of ultrasound-guided percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in the treatment of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) immaturation under day surgery mode. Methods: The clinical data was retrospective analyzed of patients with AVF immaturation who were treated by ultrasound-guided PTA under day surgery mode from November 2016 to June 2019 in Renji Hospital. The basic information, lesion location, puncture approach, number and diameter of balloon used were counted. The primary and secondary patency rates were calculated at 6 and 12 months after operation. Results: In all of the 21 patients, 11 patients were male and 10 patients were female. The mean age was (52.6±12.9) years old. There were 20 of the 21 patients who were treated successfully. One patient had AVF reconstruction with vascular rupture, and the complication rate was 4.8% (1/21). The length of hospitalization was (1.05±0.71) days, and the cost was (11 487.7±4 401.4) yuan. The follow-up time was (19.7±8.3) months. The 6-month and 12-month primary patency rate were 70% and 55%, and the 6-month and 12-month secondary patency rate were both 90%. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided PTA in the treatment of AVF immaturation under day surgery mode is safe and effective, which has a high technical success rate and good patency rate for AVF maturation.


Asunto(s)
Angioplastia de Balón , Fístula Arteriovenosa , Derivación Arteriovenosa Quirúrgica , Adulto , Anciano , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Ambulatorios , Angioplastia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagen , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Femenino , Oclusión de Injerto Vascular , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Diálisis Renal , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ultrasonografía Intervencional , Grado de Desobstrucción Vascular
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(2): 1070-1079, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577063

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has elevated mortality in severe and critical patients globally. This study examined the effect of glucocorticoids (GCS) on the time of virus clearance and absorption of lung lesions in severe and critical COVID-19 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Severe and critical COVID-19 cases diagnosed in Wuhan Pulmonary Hospital from January 7 to February 10, 2020 were analyzed. The generalized linear model was utilized to assess the effects of GCS therapy on the times of nucleic acid test turning negative and improved pulmonary imaging, respectively. RESULTS: Of 66 patients, 51 (77.3%) and 15 (22.7%) were severe and critical cases, respectively, and aged 62 ± 11 years. A total of 58 patients (87.9%) tested negative, and 56 (84.8%) showed improved lung imaging. Age, thrombocytopenia, CD8 + T cell count, course of GCS therapy, and total dose were correlated with the time of nucleic acid test turning negative (p < 0.05), and sex was correlated with the time of initial pulmonary imaging improvement (p < 0.05). The time of nucleic acid test turning negative in individuals with GCS therapy course ≤ 10 days was shorter than that of the GCS therapy course > 10 days group (p=0.001). No statistical difference was found in the dose, course of GCS, and initial time of improved lung imaging. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing the dose of GCS and prolonging the course of treatment do not shorten the time of nucleic acid test turning negative or improved absorption of pulmonary lesions. Thus, the rational use of GCS is particularly important.


Asunto(s)
/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad Crítica/terapia , Glucocorticoides/administración & dosificación , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(3): 1684-1707, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629339

RESUMEN

The mortality of COVID-19 patients is increasing in logarithmic fashion and is mostly observed in older age people and patients having history of chronic ailments like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular & cerebrovascular dysfunction, compromised immunity, renal comorbidities, hepatic, obesity problems etc., and recently investigated thrombotic complications. The molecular underpinnings linking the chronic human diseases with COVID-19 related morbidity and mortality are evolving and poorly understood. The aim of the present review is to discuss the mortality and morbidity in COVID-19 in relation to preexisting comorbidities across the globe, upcoming molecular mechanisms associated with expression profile of ACE2 and viral load, evolving pathophysiology of COVID-19 with special reference to thrombotic complication ('Storm of Blood Clots') and related predictive markers. The levels of plasminogen/plasmin in comorbid diseases of COVID-19 have been elaborated in the framework of risk and benefits of fibrinolysis in COVID-19. We have also attempted to discuss the puzzle of prescribing ARBs and ACEI drugs in COVID-19 management which are routinely prescribed for the management of hypertension in COVID-19 patients. A focused discourse on risk of cardiovascular complications and diabetes in concert with COVID-19 pathogenesis has been presented along with dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 induced immune dysfunctions in COVID-19 patients.

15.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(2): 89-95, 2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631879

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes of different treatment options on singleton short cervix and its influence factors. Methods: Totally 435 cases of singleton pregnancies who were diagnosed with short cervix (≤25 mm) between 12 to 33+6 gestational weeks in Peking University First Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018 were enrolled, including 21 cases with cervical length <10 mm, 414 cases with cervical length between 10 to 25 mm. The onset time was <24 gestational weeks in 106 cases, while 104 cases were at 24-29+6 gestational weeks and 225 cases of ≥30 gestational weeks. Gestational outcomes including delivery before 37 weeks, delivery before 34 weeks, neonatal birth weight (NBW) and adverse neonatal outcome (ANO) were compared among three treatment groups: rest group, progesterone group and cerclage group. Influence factors were also investigated. Results: (1) The incidence of short cervix in pregnancy was 7.07% (435/6 155), while 106 cases were at <24 gestational weeks (1.72%, 106/6 155), 104 cases (1.69%, 104/6 155) at 24-29+6 gestational weeks and 225 cases (3.66%, 225/6 155) at ≥30 gestational weeks. (2) In the group of cervical length <10 mm, rate of delivery before 37 and 34 weeks were 62% (13/21) and 57% (12/21) respectively. One case of progesterone treatment underwent miscarriage. Compared with rest group (n=8), delivery weeks [28.5 (25.0-40.0) vs 37.0 (28.0-40.0), P=0.020] and NBW [1 245 g (630-3 830 g) vs 2 648 g (1 560-3 830 g), P=0.028] were higher in cerclage group (n=9), while ANO was not statistically different (P>0.05). (3) In the group of cervical length ≥10 mm before 24 gestational weeks, the delivery weeks, incidence of delivery before 34 weeks, adjusted incidence of delivery before 37 weeks, NBW and ANO were not statistically different (P>0.05) among rest group (n=36), progesterone group (n=26) and cerclage group (n=34). In vitro fertilization (OR=11.97, 95%CI: 1.88-76.44, P=0.009), infection (OR=46.03, 95%CI: 5.12-413.58, P=0.001), sludge on sonography (OR=9.87, 95%CI: 1.69-57.60, P=0.011) and history of short cervix (OR=7.24, 95%CI: 1.04-50.24, P=0.045) were independent risk factors of preterm birth. (4) In the group of cervical length ≥10 mm and gestational weeks between 24-29+6, the delivery weeks, incidence of delivery before 37 weeks, incidence of delivery before 34 weeks, NBW and ANO were not statistically different (P>0.05) among rest group (n=52), progesterone group (n=34) and cerclage group (n=9). Infection was an independent risk factor of preterm birth (OR=56.40, 95%CI: 4.67-680.61, P=0.002). (5) Outcomes of 223 cases were relatively good in the group of cervical length ≥10 mm beyond 30 gestational weeks. The incidence of delivery before 34 weeks was 6.3% (14/223). The delivery weeks, incidence of delivery before 37 and 34 weeks, NBW and ANO were not statistically different (P>0.05) among 3 groups. Infection (OR=10.91, 95%CI: 2.21-53.96, P=0.003) and history of preterm birth (OR=8.63, 95%CI: 1.25-59.65, P=0.029) were independent risk factors of preterm birth. Conclusions: Short cervix is a common complication of pregnancy. Cervical cerclage is related with better outcome for patients with cervical length <10 mm. Neither progesterone nor cervical cerclage improves pregnancy outcome for >10 mm cervical length patients comparing with rest. Infection, sludge, in vitro fertilization, history of short cervix and history of preterm birth are independent risk factors of preterm birth in short cervix pregnancies.

16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(3): 1622-1630, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629332

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Bacterial superantigens (SAgs) are proteins produced by few types of bacteria that have been linked to several human diseases. Due to their potent in vitro and in vivo tumoricidal effects, they are extensively investigated for oncological applications either alone or in combination with classical anticancer drugs. However, the intrinsic toxicity of natural SAgs stimulated the development of more effective and less toxic SAg-based immunotherapy. This review summarizes our current knowledge on SAg-based immunotherapy including SAg-like proteins and SAg derivatives, as well as their potential alone or with other therapeutic modalities including chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

18.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(1): 1-2, 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396978

Asunto(s)
Humanos
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 72-77, 2021 Jan 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455135

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of Legionella in artificial water environment of public places in Shanghai from 2011 to 2018, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of Legionellosis. Methods: A total of 4 817 samples of artificial water environment were collected from 31 public places in Huangpu, Jing'an, Xuhui and Songjiang districts of Shanghai from 2011 to 2108. Epidemiological characteristics of the collected years and months, regional and site types, and sample types were analyzed. After treatment, culture and isolation of the collected water samples, the positive samples were analyzed for Legionella typing characteristics. Results: The positive rate of Legionella pneumophila was 21.57% (1 039/4 817), of which 96.25% (1 000/1 039) was single type, 84.31% (876/1 039) was Legionella pneumophila type 1, followed by Legionella pneumophila type 7 and 6, which accounted for 4.72% (49/1 039) and 3.75% (39/1 039), respectively, and 29 (29/1 039) were multi-type positive. Further typing. From May to October, the highest positive rates were found in July and August, 27.61%(222/804)and 28.61% (230/804)respectively. There were significant differences between different months (P<0.001); the highest positive rates were found in central air-conditioning cooling water and chilled water (32.40%) and there were significant differences among different water samples (P<0.001). Legionella pneumophila type 1, type 7 and type 6 were the main diversity distribution characteristics in artificial water environment of different regions, different time, different places and different types of public places. Legionella pneumophila type 1 accounted for the highest proportion, and the proportion of positive samples under different epidemiological characteristics was more than 71.64%. Conclusion: There is relatively serious pollution of Legionella pneumophila type 1 in the artificial water environment of public places in Shanghai. It is necessary to strengthen the disinfection of cooling water/freezing water of central air conditioning in public places in July and August every year.


Asunto(s)
Legionella pneumophila , Legionella , China , Humanos , Agua , Microbiología del Agua
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