Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.174
Filtrar
1.
J Infect ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932447

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Shenzhen is suffering severe HIV epidemic. No systematic surveillance on high risk populations, HIV genetic diversity, transmitted drug resistance (TDR) and molecular transmission clusters (MTCs) have been reported yet. In this study, we described them based on newly diagnosed HIV positive cases from 2011 to 2018 in Shenzhen city, China. METHODS: Plasma samples of newly reported HIV positive cases in Shenzhen, China were collected from 2011 to 2018. The HIV pol gene was amplified and sequenced for subtyping, genetic characterization, TDR and phylogenetic analysis. Demographic and risk characteristics associated with transmitted drug resistance-associated mutations (TDRAMs) and MTCs were explored by using logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: 10378 HIV pol sequences were successfully obtained from newly diagnosed patients with available background information. The most prevalent HIV-1 subtype was CRF07_BC (40.92%). CRF07_BC, CRF55_01B and URFs increased across years. Total TDR was 6.02% during 2011 to 2018. CRF01_AE, CRF08_BC, CRF55_01B and subtype B were more likely to be associated with TDRAMs than CRF07_BC. 4460 (42.98%) patients were infected with strains included in MTCs. Patients younger than 30 and over 50 years were more likely to cluster. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance and molecular transmission clusters in Shenzhen should raise a high alert. Interventions targeting on patients with strains locating in MTCs should be considered to improve prevention effect in Shenzhen.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 785: 147209, 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932679

RESUMEN

Urbanization is progressing rapidly. It can affect soils ecosystem services directly through land management and indirectly through changes in the socioeconomic environment, which eventually leads to an increase in emissions of greenhouse gases. Soil carbon (C) sequestration plays an important role in offsetting the anthropogenic C emissions. However, there is limited knowledge of how urbanization affects the soil C especially that in suburban. In this study, we studied changes in easily oxidizable organic C (EOC) and total organic C (TOC) of suburban soils (0-100 cm) in the rapid urbanising megacity Chengdu, China. The EOC stock and TOC stock decreased from the outer-suburb to the inner-suburb by 17.8-28.2% and 5.4-13.5%, respectively; particularly, the inner-suburb EOC decreased by 31.4-38.6% during the past 10 years. The quotient of EOC/TOC in the soil profile, reflecting the stability of soil C, declined from the outer-suburb (0.78) to the inner-suburb (0.20). Factors that influenced the EOC and TOC included the changes in economics (economic density, industrialization), farmland (cultivated area, farmland structure), urbanization (city size, population growth) and traffic flow. Among which, economic density growth was the primarily driver of the loss in TOC, explaining 31.6% of the variation in soil surface TOC and 16.0% of the variation in subsoil TOC; changes in farmland and urban expansion were the main factors contributing to the loss of subsoil EOC, with 40.4% explanatory ability. In addition, traffic flow also has contribution to the subsoil EOC loss. We concluded that the increasing soil C loss with decreasing distance from the city centre has a continuous contribution to C emission, and the C loss will persist until the suburbs are fully urbanized. The large losses of EOC and TOC caused by urbanization, and their contribution to global warming, necessitate their consideration in future appraisals of climate change and urban planning projects.

3.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 104, 2021 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931070

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cell transplantation-based treatments for neurological disease are promising, yet graft rejection remains a major barrier to successful regenerative therapies. Our group and others have shown that long-lasting tolerance of transplanted stem cells can be achieved in the brain with systemic application of monoclonal antibodies blocking co-stimulation signaling. However, it is unknown if subsequent injury and the blood-brain barrier breach could expose the transplanted cells to systemic immune system spurring fulminant rejection and fatal encephalitis. Therefore, we investigated whether delayed traumatic brain injury (TBI) could trigger graft rejection. METHODS: Glial-restricted precursor cells (GRPs) were intracerebroventricularly transplanted in immunocompetent neonatal mice and co-stimulation blockade (CoB) was applied 0, 2, 4, and 6 days post-grafting. Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) was performed to monitor the grafted cell survival. Mice were subjected to TBI 12 weeks post-transplantation. MRI and open-field test were performed to assess the brain damage and behavioral change, respectively. The animals were decapitated at week 16 post-transplantation, and the brains were harvested. The survival and distribution of grafted cells were verified from brain sections. Hematoxylin and eosin staining (HE) was performed to observe TBI-induced brain legion, and neuroinflammation was evaluated immunohistochemically. RESULTS: BLI showed that grafted GRPs were rejected within 4 weeks after transplantation without CoB, while CoB administration resulted in long-term survival of allografts. BLI signal had a steep rise following TBI and subsequently declined but remained higher than the preinjury level. Open-field test showed TBI-induced anxiety for all animals but neither CoB nor GRP transplantation intensified the symptom. HE and MRI demonstrated a reduction in TBI-induced lesion volume in GRP-transplanted mice compared with non-transplanted mice. Brain sections further validated the survival of grafted GRPs and showed more GRPs surrounding the injured tissue. Furthermore, the brains of post-TBI shiverer mice had increased activation of microglia and astrocytes compared to post-TBI wildtype mice, but infiltration of CD45+ leukocytes remained low. CONCLUSIONS: CoB induces sustained immunological tolerance towards allografted cerebral GRPs which is not disrupted following TBI, and unexpectedly TBI may enhance GRPs engraftment and contribute to post-injury brain tissue repair.

4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934302

RESUMEN

Currently, numerous studies have carried out to research the effect of biochars remediation soil heavy metals (HMs) contaminated, but there have been fewer explorations of the effect of biochars tubule on soil HMs remediation. This work aimed to study the effect of passivation and remediation of lead (Pb) and chromium (Cr) contaminated soil after insert sewage sludge biochar (SSB) tubule. The results showed that the high risky fractions of Pb and Cr could be transformed into more stable fractions; also, Pb and Cr total contents are significantly decreased by SSB tubule. The mechanisms include adsorption, ion exchange, complexation, and precipitation which are concluded from the characteristic analysis. Detailly, the passivation of Pb and Cr is better when the moisture is 25% and 35%, respectively [Pb: exchangeable (F1), carbonate bound (F2) decreased by 25.1%, 16.8%, Fe-Mn oxides bound (F3) increased by 18.5%; Cr: F1 decreased by 73.0%, F2, F3, organic matter bound (F4) increased by 13.2%, 23.9%, 30.8%), respectively]. The remediation of Pb and Cr is better when the moisture is 25% and 35%, respectively, (Pb: decreased by 23.3%; Cr: decreased by 38.4%, respectively). The findings showed that the SSB tubule is effective when used for soil HMs contaminated.

5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860751

RESUMEN

The vaginal routes of administration of terconazole, a synthetic triazole derivative, is widely used by patients with uncomplicated vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). A 32-year-old woman suffered from chills, fatigue, and chest distress after receiving one 80-mg terconazole vaginal suppository for the treatment of uncomplicated VVC. Then, the symptom persisted for 10 hours until the residue of terconazole was removed, and the vagina was repeatedly washed with iodophor. In addition, white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) were tested and showed marked increase when the patient visited our hospital again on the next day after the treatment with terconazole. Intriguingly, these parameters gradually decreased after a single dose of intravenous fluids (0.9% sodium chloride injection 500 mL and 10% glucose injection 500 mL) instead of the antibiotic therapy. On the third day, WBC and neutrophils returned to normal levels. Thus, according to the Naranjo adverse drug reaction probability scale, terconazole was the probable cause of the symptoms and the elevated WBC, neutrophil, CRP, and PCT. To date, this is the first report that chest distress, and at the same time, elevation of WBC, neutrophil, CRP, and PCT were caused by terconazole. This would be beneficial to avoid the overuse of antibiotics. Resolving the adverse drug reaction with drug removal and intravenous fluids would be beneficial to avoid the overuse of antibiotics. Resolving the adverse drug reaction with drug removal and intravenous fluids would be beneficial to avoid the overuse of antibiotics.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874723

RESUMEN

PdAg alloy is an industrial catalyst for acetylene-selective hydrogenation in excess ethene. While significant efforts have been devoted to increase the selectivity, there has been little progress in the catalyst performance at low temperatures. Here by combining a machine-learning atomic simulation and catalysis experiment, we clarify the surface status of PdAg alloy catalyst under the reaction conditions and screen out a rutile-TiO2 supported Pd1Ag3 catalyst with high performance: i.e., 85% selectivity at >96% acetylene conversion over a 100 h period in an experiment. The machine-learning global potential energy surface exploration determines the Pd-Ag-H bulk and surface phase diagrams under the reaction conditions, which reveals two key bulk compositions, Pd1Ag1 (R3̅m) and Pd1Ag3 (Pm3̅m), and quantifies the surface structures with varied Pd:Ag ratios under the reaction conditions. We show that the catalyst activity is controlled by the PdAg patterns on the (111) surface that are variable under reaction conditions, but the selectivity is largely determined by the amount of Pd exposure on the (100) surface. These insights provide the fundamental basis for the rational design of a better catalyst via three measures: (i) controlling the Pd:Ag ratio at 1:3, (ii) reducing the nanoparticle size to limit PdAg local patterns, (iii) searching for active supports to terminate the (100) facets.

7.
Nurs Crit Care ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880854

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sleep abnormalities frequently occur in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and the consequences of sleep abnormalities in patients who undergo off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery are particularly significant. Although many interventions have been reported to improve sleep, few sleep promotion protocols have been designed specifically for patients in cardiac ICUs. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the effects of an evidence-based sleep promotion protocol on patients who underwent OPCABG in a cardiac ICU. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in a comprehensive hospital in Shandong province of China. METHODS: Overall, 67 participants were recruited (37 in the control group and 30 in the intervention group). An evidence-based sleep promotion protocol was developed by a 10-member interprofessional collaborative team and then applied. Sound levels, light intensity, and the number of nocturnal interventions were compared between groups. The Chinese version of the Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ) was used to compare intergroup sleep status on two consecutive postoperative nights. RESULTS: No significant differences were found for demographics or disease severity between the groups. In the intervention group, sound levels and light intensity were significantly lower at various times, and nocturnal interventions were significantly less frequent over the two consecutive nights. RCSQ scores were significantly higher in the intervention group for both nights. CONCLUSIONS: The sleep promotion protocol reduced sound levels, night-time light intensity, the number of nocturnal interventions, and improved sleep among OPCABG patients in a cardiac ICU. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Evidence-based practice can help to promote good quality of care, improve patient outcomes, and advance nursing in clinical settings.

8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886056

RESUMEN

Soil microbial communities are affected by environmental factors. Contamination with heavy metals such as cadmium (Cd) can decrease soil microbial species richness and substantially alter soil microbial species composition. Investigations of the microbial communities in Cd-contaminated soils are necessary to obtain data for soil bioremediation efforts. However, depth-associated variations in microbial community composition and structure in Cd-contaminated paddy soils are not well understood. Here, the effects of various degrees of long-term Cd pollution on soil microorganisms were investigated at different soil depths within the plough layer using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. We found that, in Cd-polluted soils, microbial communities were more similar between the surface soil and the underlying soil. In addition, microbial community richness and/or diversity were significantly reduced in the Cd-polluted underlying soil as compared with the non-polluted underlying soil. However, species richness in the surface layer was significantly greater in the mildly and severely Cd-polluted soils. The soil microbial communities in the same soil layer differed significantly between the non-polluted and polluted soils. Furthermore, Cd contamination affected the microbial communities of different soil layers differently. Soil pH had a synergistic effect on microbial community abundance and composition. The potential functions of the soil microbiota were mainly related to environmental processing, genetic processing, and metabolic pathways. Notably, our identification of the phyla that were differently abundant among sites with different levels of Cd pollution will provide experimental guidance for further explorations of the effects of Cd on soil microbes in natural environments. Our results not only demonstrate that long-term Cd pollution leads to a marked reduction in microbial richness and diversity in the underlying soil layer, but they also help to clarify how long-term heavy metal contamination affects the soil bacterial community.

9.
J Biomed Sci ; 28(1): 32, 2021 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906647

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS), the most common soft tissue sarcoma, exhibits heterogeneous and complex genetic karyotypes with severe chromosomal instability and rearrangement and poor prognosis. METHODS: Clinical variables associated with NKX6-1 were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). NKX6-1 mRNA expression was examined in 49 human uterine tissues. The in vitro effects of NXK6-1 in LMS cells were determined by reverse transcriptase PCR, western blotting, colony formation, spheroid formation, and cell viability assays. In vivo tumor growth was evaluated in nude mice. RESULTS: Using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and human uterine tissue datasets, we observed that NKX6-1 expression was associated with poor prognosis and malignant potential in LMS. NKX6-1 enhanced in vitro tumor cell aggressiveness via upregulation of cell proliferation and anchorage-independent growth and promoted in vivo tumor growth. Moreover, overexpression and knockdown of NKX6-1 were associated with upregulation and downregulation, respectively, of stem cell transcription factors, including KLF8, MYC, and CD49F, and affected sphere formation, chemoresistance, NOTCH signaling and Sonic hedgehog (SHH) pathways in human sarcoma cells. Importantly, treatment with an SHH inhibitor (RU-SKI 43) but not a NOTCH inhibitor (DAPT) reduced cell survival in NKX6-1-expressing cancer cells, indicating that an SHH inhibitor could be useful in treating LMS. Finally, using the TCGA dataset, we demonstrated that LMS patients with high expression of NKX6-1 and HHAT, an SHH pathway acyltransferase, had poorer survival outcomes compared to those without. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that NKX6-1 and HHAT play critical roles in the pathogenesis of LMS and could be promising diagnostic and therapeutic targets for LMS patients.

10.
Molecules ; 26(7)2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33916013

RESUMEN

Periodontal diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis are primarily caused by dental plaque. Several antiplaque and anti-microbial agents have been successfully incorporated into toothpastes and mouthwashes to control plaque biofilms and to prevent and treat gingivitis and periodontitis. The aim of this article was to review recent developments in the antiplaque, anti-gingivitis, and anti-periodontitis properties of some common compounds in toothpastes and mouthwashes by evaluating basic and clinical studies, especially the ones published in the past five years. The common active ingredients in toothpastes and mouthwashes included in this review are chlorhexidine, cetylpyridinium chloride, sodium fluoride, stannous fluoride, stannous chloride, zinc oxide, zinc chloride, and two herbs-licorice and curcumin. We believe this comprehensive review will provide useful up-to-date information for dental care professionals and the general public regarding the major oral care products on the market that are in daily use.

11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918812

RESUMEN

This study examined parent-adolescent agreement on the callous, uncaring, and unemotional dimensions of callous-unemotional (CU) traits and the differences in adolescent-reported and parent-reported CU traits among 126 adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), 207 adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and 203 typically developing (TD) adolescents. Adolescent-reported and parent-reported CU traits on the three dimensions of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits were obtained. The strength of CU traits and the differences between adolescent-reported and parent-reported traits were compared among the three groups using analysis of covariance. Parent-adolescent agreement was examined using intraclass correlation. The results reveal that both adolescent-reported and parent-reported callousness and uncaring traits in the ASD and ADHD groups were significantly stronger than those in the TD group. Parent-adolescent agreement on the uncaring trait was fair across the three groups, whereas that on callousness was poor across all three groups. Parent-adolescent agreement on unemotionality was fair in the TD group but poor in the ADHD and ASD groups. ASD and ADHD groups had significantly greater differences in scores reported by parents and adolescents on the callousness trait than the TD group. The parent-adolescent score differences in the uncaring trait were also larger in the ASD group than in the TD group. Thus, these results support the application of a multi-informant approach in CU trait assessment, especially for adolescents with ASD or ADHD.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805784

RESUMEN

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) frequently shows early invasion into blood vessels as well as intrahepatic metastasis. Innovations of novel small-molecule agents to block HCC invasion and subsequent metastasis are urgently needed. Moscatilin is a bibenzyl derivative extracted from the stems of a traditional Chinese medicine, orchid Dendrobium loddigesii. Although moscatilin has been reported to suppress tumor angiogenesis and growth, the anti-metastatic property of moscatilin has not been elucidated. The present results revealed that moscatilin inhibited metastatic behavior of HCC cells without cytotoxic fashion in highly invasive human HCC cell lines. Furthermore, moscatilin significantly suppressed the activity of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), but not matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9. Interestingly, moscatilin-suppressed uPA activity was through down-regulation the protein level of uPA, and did not impair the uPA receptor and uPA inhibitory molecule (PAI-1) expressions. Meanwhile, the mRNA expression of uPA was inhibited via moscatilin in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, the expression of phosphorylated Akt, rather than ERK1/2, was inhibited by moscatilin treatment. The expression of phosphor-IκBα, and -p65, as well as κB-luciferase activity were also repressed after moscatilin treatment. Transfection of constitutively active Akt (Myr-Akt) obviously restored the moscatilin-inhibited the activation of NF-κB and uPA, and cancer invasion in HCC cells. Taken together, these results suggest that moscatilin impedes HCC invasion and uPA expression through the Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway. Moscatilin might serve as a potential anti-metastatic agent against the disease progression of human HCC.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos Fitogénicos/farmacología , Compuestos de Bencilo/farmacología , Movimiento Celular/efectos de los fármacos , FN-kappa B/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/genética , Activador de Plasminógeno de Tipo Uroquinasa/genética , Animales , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Embrión de Pollo , Membrana Corioalantoides/irrigación sanguínea , Membrana Corioalantoides/efectos de los fármacos , Factor 4E Eucariótico de Iniciación/genética , Factor 4E Eucariótico de Iniciación/metabolismo , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Hepatocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Hepatocitos/metabolismo , Hepatocitos/patología , Humanos , Metaloproteinasa 2 de la Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinasa 2 de la Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinasa 9 de la Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinasa 9 de la Matriz/metabolismo , FN-kappa B/antagonistas & inhibidores , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Neovascularización Patológica/genética , Neovascularización Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularización Patológica/prevención & control , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/antagonistas & inhibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinasas S6 Ribosómicas 70-kDa/genética , Proteínas Quinasas S6 Ribosómicas 70-kDa/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR/metabolismo , Activador de Plasminógeno de Tipo Uroquinasa/antagonistas & inhibidores , Activador de Plasminógeno de Tipo Uroquinasa/metabolismo
13.
J Nat Prod ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891392

RESUMEN

Tetrahydroxanthone dimers are fungal products, among which secalonic acid D (1) is one of the most studied compounds because of its potent biological activity. Because the biosynthetic gene cluster of 1 has been previously identified, we sought to heterologously produce 1 in Aspergillus oryzae by expressing the relevant biosynthetic genes. However, our initial attempt of the total biosynthesis of 1 failed; instead, it produced four isomers of 1 due to the activity of an endogenous enzyme of A. oryzae. Subsequent overexpression of the Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase, AacuH, which competes with the endogenous enzyme, altered the product profile and successfully generated 1. Characterization of the key biosynthetic enzymes revealed the surprising substrate promiscuity of the dimerizing enzyme, AacuE, and indicated that efficient synthesis of 1 requires highly selective preparation of the tetrahydroxanthone monomer, which is apparently controlled by AacuH. This study facilitates engineered biosynthesis of tetrahydroxanthone dimers both in a selective and divergent manner.

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 132021 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891565

RESUMEN

The long-term characteristics of transcriptomic alterations and cardiac remodeling in chronic heart failure (CHF) induced by myocardial infarction (MI) in mice are not well elucidated. This study aimed to reveal the dynamic changes in the transcriptome and cardiac remodeling in post-MI mice over a long time period. Monitoring C57BL/6 mice with MI for 8 months showed that approximately 44% of mice died of cardiac rupture in the first 2 weeks and others survived to 8 months with left ventricular (LV) aneurysm. The transcriptomic profiling analysis of cardiac tissues showed that the Integrin and WNT pathways were activated at 8 months after MI while the metabolism-related pathways were inversely inhibited. Subsequent differential analysis at 1 and 8 months post-MI revealed significant enrichments in biological processes, including consistent regulation of metabolism-related pathways. Moreover, echocardiographic monitoring showed a progressive increase in LV dimensions and a decrease in the LV fractional shortening during the first 4 weeks, and these parameters progressed at a lower rate till 8 months. A similar trend was found in the invasive LV hemodynamics, cardiac morphological and histological analyses. These results suggested that mouse MI model is ideal for long-term studies, and transcriptomic findings may provide new CHF therapeutic targets.

15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891915
16.
J Exp Bot ; 2021 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928361

RESUMEN

Salicylic acid (SA) and brassinosteroids (BRs) are well known to regulate diverse processes of plant development and stress responses, but the mechanisms by which these phytohormones mediate the growth-defense trade-off is largely unclear. In addition, little is known about the roles of DEHYDRATION RESPONSIVE ELEMENT BINDING (DREB) transcription factors, especially in biotic stress and plant growth. Here, we identified a cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) APETALA2/ETHYLENE RESPONSIVE FACTOR (AP2/ERF) gene GhTINY2 which is strongly induced by Verticillium dahliae. Overexpression of GhTINY2 in cotton and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) enhanced tolerance to V. dahliae, while knockdown of GhTINY2 expression increased cotton susceptibility to the pathogen. By directly activating WRKY51 expression, GhTINY2 promoted SA accumulation and SA signaling transduction. Moreover, GhTINY2-overexpressing cotton and Arabidopsis showed growth retardation, increased sensitivity to inhibitors of BR biosynthesis and downregulation of several BR-induced genes and upregulation of BR-repressed genes, while GhTINY2-RNAi cotton showed the opposite results. We further demonstrate that GhTINY2 negatively regulates BR signaling by interacting with BRASSINAZOLE-RESISTANT 1 (BZR1) and restraining its transcriptional activation of the expression of INDOLE-3-ACETIC ACID INDUCIBLE 19 (IAA19). These findings indicate that GhTINY2 fine-tunes the immunity-growth trade-off via an indirect crosstalk between WRKY51-mediated SA biosynthesis and BZR1-IAA19-regulated BR signaling.

17.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928732

RESUMEN

AIMS: African-American carriers of the transthyretin (TTR) valine-to-isoleucine substitution (V122I) are at increased risk of heart failure, yet many have relatively subtle abnormalities of left ventricular (LV) function. We sought to explore the influence of this mutation on left atrial (LA) structure and function in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed 1,225 genotyped African-Americans (age range, 67-89 years) participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study who underwent echocardiography and were in sinus rhythm at study Visit 5 (2011 to 2013). Six LA parameters (LA maximum/minimum volume index, ejection fraction, and LA reservoir, conduit, and contractile longitudinal strains [LS]) were compared between V122I TTR variant carriers (n=46) and noncarriers (n=1,179). LA minimum volume index was significantly greater and LA contractile LS was worse in carriers than noncarriers (19.5 ± 10.6 ml/m2 vs 16.3 ± 8.4 ml/m2 ; 15.0 ± 5.8 % vs 16.8 ± 5.7 %, respectively, both P<0.05). Carriers had a significantly higher number of LA abnormalities than noncarriers (1.8 ± 2.2 vs 1.1 ± 1.6, P=0.009). The number of subjects with at least 4 LA abnormalities was significantly increased among carriers compared with noncarriers (27% vs 12%; odds ratio, 2.43; 95 % confidence interval, 1.06-5.58 after adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, and LV wall thickness and global LS). CONCLUSIONS: LA enlargement and dysfunction were more common in V122I TTR carriers with sinus rhythm, suggesting our findings generate hypotheses that LA assessment may provide the possibility of ATTR-CM along with LV assessment among elderly African-Americans.

18.
Neuroimage ; 236: 118071, 2021 Apr 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878375

RESUMEN

Detecting Alzheimer's disease (AD) at an early stage brings a lot of benefits including disease management and actions to slow the progression of the disease. Here, we demonstrate that reduced creatine chemical exchange saturation transfer (CrCEST) contrast has the potential to serve as a new biomarker for early detection of AD. The results on wild type (WT) mice and two age-matched AD models, namely tauopathy (Tau) and Aß amyloidosis (APP), indicated that CrCEST contrasts of the cortex and corpus callosum in the APP and Tau mice were significantly reduced compared to WT counterpart at an early stage (6-7 months) (p < 0.011). Two main causes of the reduced CrCEST contrast, i.e. cerebral pH and creatine concentration, were investigated. From phantom and hypercapnia experiments, CrCEST showed excellent sensitivity to pH variations. From MRS results, the creatine concentration in WT and AD mouse brain was equivalent, which suggests that the reduced CrCEST contrast was dominated by cerebral pH change involved in the progression of AD. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the abnormal cerebral pH in AD mice may relate to neuroinflammation, a known factor that can cause pH reduction.

19.
Hypertens Pregnancy ; : 1-10, 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881945

RESUMEN

Objective: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a major complication of pregnancy, but its pathogenesis is unclear. This study explored the role of LINC01128 in the progression of PE, and its interaction with miR-16 on the behaviors of trophoblasts.Methods: The mRNA levels of LINC01128 and miR-16 in placental tissues and HTR-8/SVneo cells were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell Counting Kit (CCK)-8, wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to detect proliferation, migration and invasion. E-Cadherin, Vimentin, Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and MMP9 protein expressions were detected by Western blot. The correlation between LINC01128 and miR-16 was determined and verified by starBase and dual-luciferase assay.Results: The expression of LINC01128 was downregulated in PE. Overexpression of LINC01128 promoted LINC01128 expression, cell proliferation, migration, invasion and the expressions of Vimentin, MMP2 and MMP9, but inhibited the expression of E-Cadherin. SiLINC01128 showed opposite effects. MiR-16 interacted with LINC01128, and miR-16 was high-expressed in PE placentae. MiR-16 inhibitor promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion and related protein expressions, but inhibited the expression of E-Cadherin. However, siLINC01128 inhibited the regulatory effect of miR-16 inhibitor on HTR-8/Svneo cells.Conclusion: LINC01128/miR-16 is involved in HTR-8/SVneo cells by regulating the migration and invasion of human chorionic trophoblast cells.

20.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884745

RESUMEN

To avoid stationary phase irreversibly adsorption and tedious and time-consuming separation steps, high-speed counter-current chromatography was employed for the preparative separation of anti-tumor compound antroquinonol from solid fermentation culture of Antrodia camphorata for the first time. A Box-Behnken experimental design, based on three parameters including liquid-to-solid ratio, extraction time and extraction temperature, was applied to optimize the ultrasonic extraction procedure. The optimal extraction condition was set as below: liquid-to-solid ratio: 49.57:1; extraction time: 55.76 min; extraction temperature was arranged as 44.21 °C. Meanwhile, an optimized solvent system containing petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, methanol and water (4:1:4:1, v/v/v/v) was selected for the preparative separation of antroquinonol at a flow rate of 2.0 mL/min. The yield of isolated antroquinonol was determined to be 6.0 mg from 0.67 g of ethyl acetate extracts. The isolated antroquinonol was elucidated by ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, and NMR spectroscopy, and by comparison with literature data. The purity of isolated antroquinonol was determined to be 97.12%. This study confirmed high-speed counter-current chromatography was powerful and cost-effective for the preparative separation of the high-potently anti-tumor compound antroquinonol from solid fermentation culture of Antrodia camphorata. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...