Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.662
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Sci ; 135(5)2022 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975358

RESUMEN

Lipid droplets (LDs) are lipid-rich organelles universally found in most cells. They serve as a key energy reservoir, actively participate in signal transduction and dynamically communicate with other organelles. LD dysfunction has been associated with a variety of diseases. The content level, composition and mobility of LDs are crucial for their physiological and pathological functions, and these different parameters of LDs are subject to regulation by genetic factors and environmental inputs. Coherent Raman scattering (CRS) microscopy utilizes optical nonlinear processes to probe the intrinsic chemical bond vibration, offering label-free, quantitative imaging of lipids in vivo with high chemical specificity and spatiotemporal resolution. In this Review, we provide an overview over the principle of CRS microscopy and its application in tracking different parameters of LDs in live cells and organisms. We also discuss the use of CRS microscopy in genetic screens to discover lipid regulatory mechanisms and in understanding disease-related lipid pathology.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2692, 2021 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976216

RESUMEN

Rapid developments of robotics and virtual reality technology are raising the requirements of more advanced human-machine interfaces for achieving efficient parallel control. Exoskeleton as an assistive wearable device, usually requires a huge cost and complex data processing to track the multi-dimensional human motions. Alternatively, we propose a triboelectric bi-directional sensor as a universal and cost-effective solution to a customized exoskeleton for monitoring all of the movable joints of the human upper limbs with low power consumption. The corresponding movements, including two DOF rotations of the shoulder, twisting of the wrist, and the bending motions, are detected and utilized for controlling the virtual character and the robotic arm in real-time. Owing to the structural consistency between the exoskeleton and the human body, further kinetic analysis offers additional physical parameters without introducing other types of sensors. This exoskeleton sensory system shows a great potential of being an economic and advanced human-machine interface for supporting the manipulation in both real and virtual worlds, including robotic automation, healthcare, and training applications.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(9): 2004627, 2021 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977071

RESUMEN

While rapid wound healing is essential yet challenging, there is also an unmet need for functional restoration of sensation. Inspired by natural skin, an ultra-conformable, adhesive multi-functional ionic skin (MiS) with multi-modal sensing capability is devised for smart and expedited wound care. The base of MiS is a unique skin-like, conductive and self-adaptive adhesive polyacrylamide/starch double-network hydrogel (PSH) and self-powered, flexible, triboelectric sensor(s) is integrated on top of PSH for multi-tactile sensing. MiS could enhance wound contraction, collagen deposition, angiogenesis, and epidermis formation in a full-thickness skin defect wound model in vivo, while significantly inhibiting the biofilm formation of a wide range of microorganisms. MiS also exhibits multi-modal sensing capability for smart and instant therapeutics and diagnostics, including skin displacement or joint motion, temperature, pressure and tissue exudate changes of wound bed, and locally releasing drugs in a pH-responsive manner. More importantly, MiS could restore the skin-mimicking tactile sensing function of both touch location and intensity, and thus could be used as a human-machine interface for accurate external robotic control. MiS demonstrates a new comprehensive paradigm of combining wound diagnosis and healing, broad-spectrum anti-microbial capability and restoration of multi-tactile sensing for the reparation of severe wound.

4.
Yi Chuan ; 43(5): 442-458, 2021 May 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972215

RESUMEN

In order to develop a variety of japonica rice with good eating quality suitable for planting in Jiangsu Province, the genetic basis of high quality, disease resistance and high yield japonica rice varieties in Jiangsu Province was systematically studied. The relationship among different rice qualities of cooking, nutrition, and eating was studied by association analysis. It was clear that amylose content was the key factor affecting eating quality. The semi waxy rice with amylose content of 10%~14% has bright surface, soft texture, and elasticity, combining the softness of glutinous rice and the elasticity of japonica rice. The cold rice is not hard, and the taste is excellent. It meets the taste requirements of people in Yangtze River Delta region who like to eat soft fragrant japonica rice. The semi waxy japonica rice variety "Kantou 194" with a low expression of amylose content gene Wx mp and an amylose content of about 10% was selected as the core germplasm for improving eating quality. Pyramiding breeding of japonica rice variety with good eating quality, disease resistance and high yield was carried out by examining the development of Wx mp gene molecular markers and the use of closely linked molecular markers with disease resistance and high yield genes. A series of new japonica rice varieties with good taste such as Nanjing 46, Nanjing 5055, Nanjing 9108, and Nanjing 5718, suitable for different rice areas of Jiangsu Province, have been bred and approved by Jiangsu Provincial Variety Approval Committee. The layout of japonica rice varieties with good taste covering different rice areas in Jiangsu Province has been formed. These varieties have been planted with an accumulated area of more than 5.3 million hectares, which has effectively promoted the development of high quality rice industry in Jiangsu Province and its surrounding areas, and made important contributions to the structural adjustment of the supply side of rice industry, improving quality and efficiency, and ensuring food security.

5.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(5): 991-998, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934653

RESUMEN

AIMS: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients younger than six months of age with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) managed by either a Pavlik harness or Tübingen hip flexion splint. METHODS: Records of 251 consecutive infants with a mean age of 89 days (SD 47), diagnosed with DDH between January 2015 and December 2018, were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria for patients with DDH were: younger than 180 days at the time of diagnosis; ultrasound Graf classification of IIc or greater; treatment by Pavlik harness or Tübingen splint; and no prior treatment history. All patients underwent hip ultrasound every seven days during the first three weeks of treatment and subsequently every three to four weeks until completion of treatment. If no signs of improvement were found after three weeks, the Pavlik harness or Tübingen splint was discontinued. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: The study included 251 patients with Graf grades IIc to IV in 18 males and 233 females with DDH. Mean follow-up time was 22 months (SD 10). A total of 116 hips were graded as Graf IIc (39.1%), nine as grade D (3.0%), 100 as grade III (33.7%), and 72 as grade IV (24.2%). There were 109 patients (128 hips) in the Pavlik group and 142 patients (169 hips) in the Tübingen group (p = 0.227). The Tübingen group showed a 69.8% success rate in Graf III and Graf IV hips while the success rate was significantly lower in the Pavlik group, 53.9% (p = 0.033). For infants older than three months of age, the Tübingen group showed a 71.4% success rate, and the Pavlik group a 54.4% success rate (p = 0.047). CONCLUSION: The Tübingen splint should be the preferred treatment option for children older than three months, and for those with severe forms of DDH such as Graf grade III and IV, who are younger than six months at time of diagnosis. The Tübingen hip flexion splint is a valid alternative to the Pavlik harness for older infants and those with more severe DDH. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(5):991-998.


Asunto(s)
Luxación Congénita de la Cadera/terapia , Aparatos Ortopédicos , Férulas (Fijadores) , Femenino , Luxación Congénita de la Cadera/clasificación , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835619

RESUMEN

To date, hydrogen (H2 ) therapy has received widespread attention. However, X-ray triggered sustainable H2 -producing materials with controlled release for cancer treatment have not been reported. Herein, an X-ray triggered sustainable in situ H2 producing platform, Au NR-TiO2 @ZnS:Cu,Co-A(Au-TiO2 @ZnS), composed of Au-amorphous TiO2 nano-dumbbell-shaped heterostructure coated with long afterglow particles, was developed for cancer synergistic H2 -radiotherapy. The mechanism of H2 production was verified by theoretical calculations and in vitro experiments. Changes in the apoptosis pathway caused by the synergistic effect of H2 and radiotherapy were reported. Guided by its excellent photoacoustic imaging capabilities, mice with orthotopic liver cancer achieved excellent therapeutic effects and low inflammatory side effects, suggesting that Au-TiO2 @ZnS has promising application potential for cancer treatment and prognosis.

7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871140

RESUMEN

Singlet oxygen ( 1 O 2 ) has a potent anticancer effect, but photosensitized generation of 1 O 2 is inhibited by tumor hypoxia and limited light penetration depth. Despite the potential of chemodynamic therapy (CDT) to circumvent these issues by exploration of 1 O 2 -producing catalysts, engineering efficient CDT agents is still a formidable challenge since most catalysts require specific pH to function and become inactivated upon chelation by glutathione (GSH). Herein, we present a catalytic microenvironment-tailored nanoreactor (CMTN), constructed by encapsulating MoO 4 2- catalyst and alkaline sodium carbonate within liposomes, which offers a favorable pH condition for MoO 4 2- -catalyzed generation of 1 O 2 from H 2 O 2 and protects MoO 4 2- from GSH chelation due to the impermeability of liposomal lipid membrane to ions and GSH. Importantly, H 2 O 2 and 1 O 2 can freely cross liposomal membrane, allowing the CMTN with a built-in NIR-II ratiometric fluorescent 1 O 2 sensor to achieve monitored tumor CDT.

9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804099

RESUMEN

The challenge of safety problems in lithium batteries caused by conventional electrolytes at high temperatures is addressed in this study. A novel solid electrolyte (HKUST-1@IL-Li) was fabricated by immobilizing ionic liquid ([EMIM][TFSI]) in the nanopores of a HKUST-1 metal-organic framework. 3D angstrom-level ionic channels of the metal-organic framework (MOF) host were used to restrict electrolyte anions and acted as "highways" for fast Li+ transport. In addition, lower interfacial resistance between HKUST-1@IL-Li and electrodes was achieved by a wetted contact through open tunnels at the atomic scale. Excellent high thermal stability up to 300 °C and electrochemical properties are observed, including ionic conductivities and Li+ transference numbers of 0.68 × 10-4 S·cm-1 and 0.46, respectively, at 25 °C, and 6.85 × 10-4 S·cm-1 and 0.68, respectively, at 100 °C. A stable Li metal plating/stripping process was observed at 100 °C, suggesting an effectively suppressed growth of Li dendrites. The as-fabricated LiFePO4/HKUST-1@IL-Li/Li solid-state battery exhibits remarkable performance at high temperature with an initial discharge capacity of 144 mAh·g-1 at 0.5 C and a high capacity retention of 92% after 100 cycles. Thus, the solid electrolyte in this study demonstrates promising applicability in lithium metal batteries with high performance under extreme thermal environmental conditions.

10.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(3): 357-368, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875071

RESUMEN

Ferulic acid (FA), an active component extracted from Chinese medicine, shows excellent anti-inflammatory properties and favorable safety in various animal models. However, the application of FA as an anti-inflammatory drug is hindered by its instability and short half-life in vivo . In this paper, we synthesize PEGylated diphenylalanine nanoparticles by using glutaraldehyde (GTA) as a cross-linker of diphenylalanine NH2 -Phe-Phe-COOH and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether amine (PEG5k -NH2). The PEGylated Phe-Phe nanoparticles are used to deliver FA for the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We find that the FA-loaded PEGylated Phe-Phe nanoparticles are biocompatible and inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from cells effectively. After being intravenously administrated in vivo , the FA-loaded PEGylated Phe-Phe nanoparticles show prolonged circulation time and accumulate in arthritic joints. More importantly, we show that the pre-arthritis treatment with the FA-loaded PEGylated Phe-Phe nanoparticles can significantly block the progression of RA.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Fólico , Nanopartículas , Animales , Ácidos Cumáricos , Sistemas de Liberación de Medicamentos , Polietilenglicoles
11.
J Org Chem ; 86(9): 6467-6477, 2021 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872006

RESUMEN

Artificial tubular molecular pockets bearing polar functionalities on their inner surface are useful model systems for understanding the mechanisms of protein-ligand interactions in living systems. We herein report a pillar[5]arene-derived molecular tube, [P4-(OH)BPO], whose endo conformational isomer endo-[P4-(OH)BPO] possesses an inwardly pointing hydrogen-bond (H-bond) donor (OH) in its deep cavity and a strong H-bond acceptor (C═O) on its predominantly hydrophobic inner surface, rendering it a perfect protein binding pocket mimetic. A fragment-based drug design model was established using endo-[P4-(OH)BPO] and a library of various shape-complementary fragment ligands (1-38). On the basis of the binding affinity data for "fragment-pocket" complexes G⊂endo-[P4-(OH)BPO] (G = 1-38), two rationally designed "lead molecules" (39 and 40) were identified as being able to enhance binding affinity significantly by forming H-bonds with both the donor and acceptor of endo-[P4-(OH)BPO]. The described work opens new avenues for developing pillar[n]arene-derived protein binding pocket-mimetic systems for studies of protein-ligand interactions and mechanisms of enzymatic reactions.

12.
Biochem Pharmacol ; : 114530, 2021 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891966

RESUMEN

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an increasingly common narrowing of the peripheral arteries that can lead to lower limb ischemia, muscle weakness and gangrene. Surgical vein or arterial grafts could improve PAD, but may not be suitable in elderly patients, prompting research into less invasive approaches. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been proposed as potential therapy, but their effectiveness and underlying mechanisms in limb ischemia are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that treatment with naive MSCs (nMSCs) or MSCs expressing CD146 (CD146+MSCs) could improve vascularity and muscle function in rat model of hind-limb ischemia. Sixteen month old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups: sham-operated control, ischemia, ischemia+nMSCs and ischemia+CD146+MSCs. After 4 weeks of respective treatment, rat groups were assessed for ischemic clinical score, Tarlov score, muscle capillary density, TUNEL apoptosis assay, contractile force, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA expression. CD146+MSCs showed greater CD146 mRNA expression than nMSCs. Treatment with nMSCs or CD146+MSCs improved clinical and Tarlov scores, muscle capillary density, contractile force and VEGF mRNA expression in ischemic limbs as compared to non-treated ischemia group. The improvements in muscle vascularity and function were particularly greater in ischemia+CD146+MSCs than ischemia+nMSCs group. TUNEL positive apoptotic cells were least abundant in ischemia+CD146+MSCs compared with ischemia+nMSCs and non-treated ischemia groups. Thus, MSCs particularly those expressing CD146 improve vascularity, muscle function and VEGF expression and reduce apoptosis in rat ischemic limb, and could represent a promising approach to improve angiogenesis and muscle function in PAD.

13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 636658, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33868171

RESUMEN

Objective: Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is easily misdiagnosed as other adrenal masses, such as adrenocortical carcinoma and pheochromocytoma, but patients with PAL benefit little from surgery. The diagnostic method for PAL thus far is limited to adrenal biopsy. In our study, we aimed to develop a quick and efficient diagnostic method for PAL. Methods and Results: At the same institution, 505 patients (between 2009 and 2019) and 171 patients (between 2019 and 2020) were separately included in the primary and validation studies. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and radiological characteristics. Four determinants (age, bilateral masses, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and lactate dehydrogenase) were selected and further incorporated into a regression model to screen PAL. Accordingly, the nomogram was developed for clinical practice. In the primary study, the nomogram showed good discrimination, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of 95.4% (95% CI, 90.6%-100.0%). Further validation study verified the efficacy of the nomogram, with an AUC of 99.0% (95% CI, 96.9%-100.00%) and 100.0% in all patients and patients with bilateral masses, respectively, and a sensitivity/specificity/positive predictive value (PPV)/negative predictive value (NPV) of 66.67%/99.40%/66.67%/99.40%, 66.67%/100%/100%/92.86%, 50%/99.20%/50%/99.20%, and 100%/100%/100%/100%, in all patients, patients with bilateral adrenal masses, patients with nonfunctional adrenal masses, and patients with positive catecholamine results, respectively. The validation study also revealed a diagnostic specificity of 99.35% and 100% for patients with a unilateral adrenal mass and functional PCC, respectively. Conclusions: The presented nomogram is the first user-friendly diagnostic model for PAL that simplifies the complex diagnostic process into personalized numeric estimates. We deem that patients who score below 50 are less likely to have PAL. We suggest that clinicians should arrange adrenal biopsy and surgery for patients with nonfunctional tumors and overt catecholamine-secreting tumors, respectively, who receive a score of 50 points or higher to confirm the diagnosis as soon as possible.

14.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 631972, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33898328

RESUMEN

The vaginal microbiome is an intricate and dynamic microecosystem that constantly undergoes fluctuations during the female menstrual cycle and the woman's entire life. A healthy vaginal microbiome is dominated by Lactobacillus which produce various antimicrobial compounds. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterized by the loss or sharp decline in the total number of Lactobacillus and a corresponding marked increase in the concentration of anaerobic microbes. BV is a highly prevalent disorder of the vaginal microbiota among women of reproductive age globally. BV is confirmed to be associated with adverse gynecologic and obstetric outcomes, such as sexually transmitted infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, and preterm birth. Gardnerella vaginalis is the most common microorganism identified from BV. It is the predominant microbe in polymicrobial biofilms that could shelter G. vaginalis and other BV-associated microbes from adverse host environments. Many efforts have been made to increase our understanding of the vaginal microbiome in health and BV. Thus, improved novel and accurate diagnosis and therapeutic strategies for BV have been developed. This review covers the features of vaginal microbiome, BV, BV-associated diseases, and various strategies of diagnosis and treatment of BV, with an emphasis on recent research progresses.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806437

RESUMEN

Tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus), a perennial C4 plant of the Cyperaceae family, is an unconventional crop that is distinguished by its oil-rich tubers, which also possesses the advantages of strong resistance, wide adaptability, short life periods, and large biomass. To facilitate studies on gene expression in this species, we identified and validated a series of reference genes (RGs) based on transcriptome data, which can be employed as internal controls for qRT-PCR analysis in tiger nut. Fourteen putative candidate RGs were identified and evaluated across nine different tissues of two cultivars, and the RGs were analyzed using three different algorithms (geNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper). The stability rankings of the candidate RGs were merged into consensus lists with RankAggreg. For the below-ground storage organ of tiger nut, the optimal RGs were TUB4 and UCE2 in different developmental stages of tubers. UCE2 and UBL5 were the most stably expressed RGs among all tissues, while Rubisco and PGK exhibited the lowest expression stability. UCE2, UBL5 and Rubisco were compared to normalize the expression levels of the caleosin (CLO) and diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2-2 (DGAT2-2) genes across the same tissues. Our results showed that the RGs identified in this study, which exhibit more uniform expression patterns, may be utilized for the normalization of qRT-PCR results, promoting further research on gene expression in various tissues of tiger nut.


Asunto(s)
Cyperus/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Proteínas de Unión al Calcio/genética , Cyperus/metabolismo , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica/métodos , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas/genética , Aceites Vegetales/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Tubérculos de la Planta/genética , Estándares de Referencia , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa de Transcriptasa Inversa/métodos
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808283

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The amounts of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and sedentary time (ST) by sex, age, and body mass index (BMI) in older Japanese adults have not been known. We conducted this study to determine the actual physical activity (PA) and ST in this population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 3998 community-dwelling Japanese adults aged ≥65 years were investigated. Their levels of PA and ST and number of steps taken daily were assessed for seven consecutive days by a tri-axial accelerometer. Normative values of daily PA and ST were analyzed by age and BMI groups in the men and the women and are presented as mean, median, or decile. RESULTS: The subjects generally adhered to the PA guideline, i.e., ≥10 metabolic equivalents (METs)·hour MVPA per week. Older age was associated with lower adherence to the PA guideline. CONCLUSIONS: Normative values (mean, median, or decile) were yielded for MVPA, LPA, and ST based on accelerometer readings in a large sample of older community-dwelling Japanese adults. One-half of the subjects' waking time was spent being sedentary, and >70% of the subjects met the current PA guideline by engaging in MVPA.


Asunto(s)
Vida Independiente , Conducta Sedentaria , Acelerometría , Adulto , Anciano , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Humanos , Japón , Masculino , Equivalente Metabólico
17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(14): 3128-3133, 2021 Apr 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885566

RESUMEN

Formal [4 + 1] annulation of easily available fluorinated sulfonium salt with cyclic unsaturated imines has been successfully developed. A structurally diverse set of CF3-substituted dihydropyrroles was efficiently constructed in acceptable to excellent yields with excellent diastereoselectivities. The resulting CF3-containing dihydropyrroles from this transition metal-free strategy could be easily transformed to pyrroles in good yields under basic conditions.

18.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 109, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863344

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Targeted sequencing using oncopanels requires comprehensive assessments of accuracy and detection sensitivity to ensure analytical validity. By employing reference materials characterized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration-led SEquence Quality Control project phase2 (SEQC2) effort, we perform a cross-platform multi-lab evaluation of eight Pan-Cancer panels to assess best practices for oncopanel sequencing. RESULTS: All panels demonstrate high sensitivity across targeted high-confidence coding regions and variant types for the variants previously verified to have variant allele frequency (VAF) in the 5-20% range. Sensitivity is reduced by utilizing VAF thresholds due to inherent variability in VAF measurements. Enforcing a VAF threshold for reporting has a positive impact on reducing false positive calls. Importantly, the false positive rate is found to be significantly higher outside the high-confidence coding regions, resulting in lower reproducibility. Thus, region restriction and VAF thresholds lead to low relative technical variability in estimating promising biomarkers and tumor mutational burden. CONCLUSION: This comprehensive study provides actionable guidelines for oncopanel sequencing and clear evidence that supports a simplified approach to assess the analytical performance of oncopanels. It will facilitate the rapid implementation, validation, and quality control of oncopanels in clinical use.

19.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 111, 2021 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863366

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Oncopanel genomic testing, which identifies important somatic variants, is increasingly common in medical practice and especially in clinical trials. Currently, there is a paucity of reliable genomic reference samples having a suitably large number of pre-identified variants for properly assessing oncopanel assay analytical quality and performance. The FDA-led Sequencing and Quality Control Phase 2 (SEQC2) consortium analyze ten diverse cancer cell lines individually and their pool, termed Sample A, to develop a reference sample with suitably large numbers of coding positions with known (variant) positives and negatives for properly evaluating oncopanel analytical performance. RESULTS: In reference Sample A, we identify more than 40,000 variants down to 1% allele frequency with more than 25,000 variants having less than 20% allele frequency with 1653 variants in COSMIC-related genes. This is 5-100× more than existing commercially available samples. We also identify an unprecedented number of negative positions in coding regions, allowing statistical rigor in assessing limit-of-detection, sensitivity, and precision. Over 300 loci are randomly selected and independently verified via droplet digital PCR with 100% concordance. Agilent normal reference Sample B can be admixed with Sample A to create new samples with a similar number of known variants at much lower allele frequency than what exists in Sample A natively, including known variants having allele frequency of 0.02%, a range suitable for assessing liquid biopsy panels. CONCLUSION: These new reference samples and their admixtures provide superior capability for performing oncopanel quality control, analytical accuracy, and validation for small to large oncopanels and liquid biopsy assays.

20.
Skin Res Technol ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822382

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Suction cups are widely used in applications such as in measurement of mechanical properties of skin in vivo, in drug delivery devices or in acupuncture treatment. Understanding mechanical response of skin under hypobaric pressure is of great importance for users of suction cups. The aim of this work is to predict the hypobaric pressure induced 3D stretching of the skin. METHODS: Experimental skin tensile tests were carried out for mechanical property characterization. Both linear elasticity and hyperelasticity parameters were determined and implemented in Finite Element modelling. Skin suction tests were performed in both experiments and FEM simulations for model validation. 3D skin stretching is then visualized in detail in FEM simulations. RESULTS: The simulations showed that the skin was compressed consistently along the thickness direction, leading to reduced thickness. At the center of the dome, the radial and angular strain decreases from the top surface to the bottom surface, although always in tension. Hyperelasticity modelling showed superiority over linear elasticity modelling while predicting the strain distribution because the stretch ratio reaches values exceeding the initial linear elastic stage of the stress-strain curve for skin. CONCLUSION: Hyperelasticity modelling is an effective approach to predict the 3D strain distribution, which paves a way to accurately design safe commercial products that interface with the skin.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...