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1.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 26(8): 799-805, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934825

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the associations between the severity of sarcopenia and pneumonia in patients with stable schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study that includes patients from the rehabilitation wards of two mental health centres in western China, who were diagnosed with stable schizophrenia. Baseline data were collected from these patients between September 1 and September 30, 2020, while patients' data associated with pneumonia, diagnosed and treated by clinicians, were collected between October 2020 and October 2021. The severity of sarcopenia was diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria defined by the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) 2019. The association between the severity of sarcopenia and pneumonia in patients with schizophrenia was analyzed with the use of logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty-five patients with stable schizophrenia were enrolled in the prospective study, among whom 242 (72.24%) were≥60 years old, and 229 (68.36%) were males. Among the patients with stable schizophrenia, 130 (38.8%) were diagnosed with non-severe sarcopenia, whereas 47 (14.0%) had severe sarcopenia. Eighty-two (24.5%) of patients with schizophrenia fought pneumonia. Our study showed that the severe sarcopenia group had the highest incidence of pneumonia, followed by the non-severe sarcopenia group (severe sarcopenia vs. non-severe sarcopenia vs. normal, 38.3% vs. 28.46% vs. 17.09%, p=0.005). Compared with the normal group, the non-severe sarcopenia group (OR=1.93, 95%CI: 1.1-3.389) and the severe sarcopenia group (OR=3.011, 95%CI: 1.467-6.183) had a higher risk of pneumonia. We further adjusted the potential confounders such as sex, smoking history, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) score, and benzhexol and confirmed that only the severe sarcopenia group had an increased risk of pneumonia (OR=2.366, 95%CI: 1.078-5.191). CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated that severe sarcopenia was associated with pneumonia in patients diagnosed with stable schizophrenia.


Asunto(s)
Neumonía , Sarcopenia , Esquizofrenia , Femenino , Fuerza de la Mano , Humanos , Masculino , Neumonía/complicaciones , Neumonía/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Sarcopenia/complicaciones , Sarcopenia/epidemiología , Esquizofrenia/complicaciones , Esquizofrenia/epidemiología
3.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 45(8): 813-818, 2022 Aug 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927052

RESUMEN

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a complex disease caused by multiple factors, including idiopathic PAH, heritable PAH, disease related PAH etc. Due to the high genetic heterogeneity, clinical characteristics and prognosis of PAH patients vary greatly. At present, the specific pathogenesis of PAH is unclear, and the diagnosis and treatment of PAH remain to be explored. Therefore, the study of genetic susceptibility to PAH is of great significance for understanding the occurrence and development of the disease. With the development of genome-wide association study (GWAS), a large number of genetic variations related to etiology, clinical manifestations, prognosis and treatment of PAH have been identified. This review summarizes the recent progress in the application of GWAS in the study of genetic susceptibility of PAH, and provides new insights for further exploration of the development and individualized management of PAH.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión Pulmonar , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar , Hipertensión Pulmonar Primaria Familiar , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Estudio de Asociación del Genoma Completo , Humanos , Hipertensión Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensión Arterial Pulmonar/genética
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(29): 2265-2271, 2022 Aug 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927057

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the clinical value of mismatch negativity and P3a combined with electroencephalogram (EEG) reactivity to predict the prognosis of patients after severe brain injury. Methods: The clinical data of patients with severe brain injury who were admitted to the neurosurgical intensive care unit of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from October 2019 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent evaluation of auditory mismatch negativity (MMN), P3a, and EEG reactivity (EEG-R) within 28 days after the onset of coma. Patients were divided into two groups using the 3-month Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) after coma onset, a GOS score of 3-5 was defined as a favorable outcome, and GOS grades 1-2 were defined as an unfavorable outcome. The correlation between clinical indicators and prognosis was analyzed, and the predictive values of statistically significant indicators and the cut-off values were determined using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: A total of 48 patients were enrolled in the study, including 35 males and 13 females (age range:18-68 years old). Twenty-nine of the patients had a favorable outcome and 19 had an unfavorable outcome. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), EEG-R, absolute amplitude of MMN at Fz (FzMMNA), and amplitude of P3a at Cz (CzP3aA) were significantly correlated with the prognosis of comatose patients (P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that only EEG-R, FzMMNA, and CzP3aA were independent predictors for the prognosis of comatose patients after severe brain injury (all P<0.05), with the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.757 (0.613-0.900), 0.912 (0.830-0.994) and 0.887 (0.793-0.981), respectively. The combination of FzMMNA and CzP3aA and the combinationof EEG-R, FzMMNA and CzP3aA increased the value of AUC to 0.942 (0.879-1.000) and 0.964 (0.920-1.000), respectively. Moreover, a cut-off value of 1.27 µV and 2.64 µV for FzMMNA and CzP3aA, respectively, yielded the best sensitivity and specificity for the prognosis prediction of patients with severe brain injury [FzMMNA: 89.66%(26/29) and 84.21%(16/19); CzP3aA:82.76%(24/29) and 84.21%(16/19)]. Conclusion: This study indicates that the combination of EEG-R, FzMMNA, and CzP3aA may serve as a favorable prognostic indicator for comatose patients after severe brain injury.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Encefálicas , Coma , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Coma/diagnóstico , Electroencefalografía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(4): 042001, 2022 Jul 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939017

RESUMEN

Based on (10087±44)×10^{6} J/ψ events collected with the BESIII detector, the process J/ψ→γπ^{+}π^{-}η^{'} is studied using two largest decay channels of the η^{'} meson, η^{'}→γπ^{+}π^{-} and η^{'}→ηπ^{+}π^{-}, η→γγ. A new resonance, which we denote as the X(2600), is observed with a statistical significance larger than 20σ in the π^{+}π^{-}η^{'} invariant mass spectrum, and it has a connection to a structure around 1.5 GeV/c^{2} in the π^{+}π^{-} invariant mass spectrum. A simultaneous fit on the π^{+}π^{-}η^{'} and π^{+}π^{-} invariant mass spectra with the two η^{'} decay modes indicates that the mass and width of the X(2600) state are 2618.3±2.0_{-1.4}^{+16.3} MeV/c^{2} and 195±5_{-17}^{+26} MeV, where the first uncertainties are statistical, and the second systematic.

7.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(7): 1365-1371, julio 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-203835

RESUMEN

PurposeTo investigate whether γδ1 T cells derived from lung cancer tissues have immunosuppressive function and to verify the mechanism of immunosuppressive effect.MethodsFresh lung cancer tissue samples were collected, some of them were prepared tissue sections, the others were isolated and amplified into TILs cells, γδ1 T cells were isolated from TILs cells by immunomagnetic beads kits, and then cloned and amplified. The immunomodulatory effects of γδ1 T cells on naive and effector CD4+ T cells were detected by immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, CCK8, ELISA and transwell culture.ResultsA high proportion of γδ1 T cells was found in lung cancer tissues. The cultural supernatants of γδ1 T cells could inhibit the proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells and decrease the secretion level of IL-2 by effector CD4+ T cells. Further studies showed that the expression levels of IL-8, MIP-1α, MIP-1β and RANTES were higher than that of IFN-γ, GM-CSF and TNF-α, TNF-β, however, their neutralizing antibodies could not block the immunosuppressive activity of the supernatant.Conclusionγδ1 T cells play an negative immunoregulation function in lung cancer microenvironments, and have obvious immunosuppressive effects on proliferation and cytokine release of naive CD4+ T cells and effector CD4+ T cells. Preliminary evidence from this study suggests that the mechanism of immunosuppressive effects is mediated by the soluble factors in γδ1 T cell culture supernatants, but its exact molecular mechanism needs to be further explored.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Linfocitos T CD4-Positivos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Pulmón , Microambiente Tumoral , Linfocitos T/metabolismo
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(27): 2103-2107, 2022 Jul 19.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844112

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the imaging features of patients with developmental stenosis of atlas (small atlas) complicated with degenerative cervical myelopathy and to explore the diagnostic criteria of small atlas. Methods: The clinical data of patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy treated by posterior cervical laminoplasty and resection of posterior arch of atlas from 2006 to 2020 in the Department of Orthopedics, Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Sixteen cases had spinal cord compression at C1 level after the exclusion of ossification of cervical posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and other pathology. These cases were suspected small atlas (small atlas group). Forty-six cases without posterior arch resection in the same period were selected as control group. The middle sagittal diameter of atlas and the vertical distance from posterior tubercle of atlas to occipitoaxial line under CT in both groups were compared. The sagittal diameter of the spinal canal at the atlas level under MRI, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for functional state of cervical spine before operation and at last follow-up were also measured. Results: There were 9 males and 7 females in the small atlas group, aged (63±12) years. There were 21 males and 25 females in the control group, aged (57±10) years. The patients in both group were followed-up for at least one year. The sagittal diameter of atlas in the small atlas group was (26.4±3.1) mm, which was significantly smaller than that in the control group [(29.6±2.2) mm, P=0.010]. The vertical distance from the posterior tubercle of atlas to the occipitoaxial line in the small atlas group was larger than that in the control group[(6.79±1.17) mm vs (5.57±1.29) mm, P=0.001]. The diameter of atlas canal in the small atlas group was (8.25±1.44) mm which was significantly smaller than that in the control group [(13.00±1.66) mm, P<0.001]. The JOA score of the small atlas group before operation and at the last follow-up were both slightly lower than that in the control group (both P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the recovery rate of JOA score between the two groups (61.9% vs 66.0%, P=0.066). Among the 16 cases in the small atlas group, 5 cases of occipital-axial connection were located at the posterior 1/3 of the posterior arch of atlas, and 11 cases of occipital-axial connection were completely located at the posterior arch of atlas. Conclusions: The effective sagittal diameter of atlas is smaller in small atlas group which can lead to more severe cervical myelopathy. The presence of a small atlas should be highly suspected when the sagittal diameter of atlas canal is less than 26 mm under CT. The existence of the small atlas should be alert when the occipitalaxial line is located at the dorsal 1/3 or behind of the posterior arch of atlas.


Asunto(s)
Osificación del Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior , Enfermedades de la Médula Espinal , Vértebras Cervicales/cirugía , Constricción Patológica/complicaciones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Osificación del Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/complicaciones , Osificación del Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Enfermedades de la Médula Espinal/complicaciones , Enfermedades de la Médula Espinal/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 73(1)2022 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793764

RESUMEN

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common malignancy in Southern China and Southeast Asia. Radiotherapy is the main treatment option. However, radiotherapy does not benefit all patients because there is no known precise biomarker that can be used for screening radioresistant patients. Genetic predisposition is closely related to tumor development, therapeutic response, and prognosis. The relationship between regenerating gene IA (REGIA) and NPC is unclear. This study aimed to retrospectively analyze the association between REGIA expression and metastasis, radiosensitivity, and survival in patients with NPC as well as assess the effect of radiation on REGIA expression in vitro. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect REGIA. The relationship between REGIA expression in radioresistant NPC and the prognosis of CNE1 NPC cells were analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. We found that increased doses of radiation in CNE1 cells significantly decreased REGIA expression (P<0.05). The overall rate of REGIA-positive expression was 47.15% in NPC tissues and 45.00% and 61.02% in radiosensitive and radioresistant cases, respectively, showing significant differences (P<0.05). A REGIA-positive protein expression rate had a negative correlation with radiosensitivity in NPC (r= -0.109, P=0.047). Both REGIA-positive and REGIA-negative expression strongly predicted the overall survival rate and progression-free survival of NPC patients (P<0.01). A multivariate analysis indicated that REGIA was an inverse prognostic factor in NPC patients (REGIA-positive expression: hazard ratio (HR)=2.139, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.56-2.94, P<0.001 and REGIA-negative expression: HR=1.958, 95% CI=1.42-2.69, P<0.001). In conclusion: Radiation can affect REGIA expression. The REGIA expression level correlated with radioresistance and a poor prognosis. In addition, REGIA expression might act as a potential therapeutic target and prognostic predictor in NPC patients.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/radioterapia , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patología , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Tolerancia a Radiación/genética , Estudios Retrospectivos
10.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(6): 824-831, 2022 Jun 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790432

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effect of excretory-secretory proteins from Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae (Ts-MES) on sepsis-induced myocardial injury in mice. METHODS: Eighty male BALB/C mice were randomized equally into sham-operated group, myocardial injury group, Ts-MES treatment group and dexamethasone treatment group. In the latter 3 groups, sepsis-induced myocardial injury models were established by cecal ligation and perforation; the sham operation was performed by exposure of the cecum without ligation or perforation. Forty minutes after the operation, the mice were given intraperitoneal injections 150 µL PBS, 20 µg TS-MES or 0.3 mg/kg dexamethasone as indicated. At 12 h after the operation, 6 mice were randomly selected from each group for echocardiography, and 8 mice were used for observing the survival rate within 72 h. The remaining 6 mice were examined for myocardial pathologies with HE staining and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI with ELISA; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-ß in the serum and myocardial tissue were detected using ELISA and qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice showed significantly decreased cardiac function indexes (LVEF, LVFS, and E/A) with lowered survival rate within 72 h (P < 0.001) and significantly higher myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.01). Treatment with TS-MES significantly improved the cardiac function and 72-h survival rate (P < 0.05) and lowered the myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.05) in the septic mice. Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice had obviously increased TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the serum and myocardial tissue (P < 0.001), which were significantly lowered by treatment with TS-MES (P < 0.05). TS-MES and dexamethasone both increased the levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß in the septic mice, but the changes were significant only in TS-MES-treated mice (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Ts-MES are capable of protecting against myocardial injury in septic mice by reducing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enhancing the levels of regulatory cytokines.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Cardíacas , Sepsis , Trichinella spiralis , Animales , Citocinas , Dexametasona , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6 , Larva , Masculino , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Miocardio , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa
11.
J Dairy Sci ; 2022 Jul 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35879158

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of an exogenous enzyme preparation from Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus niger on lactational performance of dairy cows. Forty-eight Holstein cows (32 primiparous and 16 multiparous) averaging (± SD) 36.3 ± 8.7 kg/d milk yield and 141 ± 52 d in milk were enrolled in a 10-wk randomized complete block design experiment (total of 24 blocks) and assigned to 1 of 2 treatments: basal diet, no enzyme supplementation (CON) or the basal diet supplemented with 4.2 g/kg dry matter intake (DMI) of an exogenous enzyme preparation containing amylolytic and fibrolytic activities (ENZ). After a 2-wk covariate period, premixes with the enzyme preparation or control were top-dressed daily by mixing with approximately 500 g of total mixed ration. Production data were collected daily and averaged by week. Milk samples were collected every other week, and milk composition was averaged by week. Blood, fecal, and urine samples were collected over 2 consecutive days at 0, 4, 8, 12, and 36 h after feeding during the last week of the experiment. Compared with CON, cows fed ENZ tended to increase DMI and had increased milk concentrations of true protein, lactose, and other solids. Milk fat content tended to be higher in CON cows. A treatment × parity interaction was found for some of the production variables. Primiparous cows receiving ENZ had greater yields of milk, energy-corrected milk, milk true protein, and lactose compared with CON primiparous cows; these production variables did not differ between treatments for multiparous cows. Intake and total-tract digestibility of nutrients did not differ between treatments. Concentrations of blood glucose and total fatty acids were not affected by ENZ supplementation, but ß-hydroxybutyrate concentration tended to be greater in ENZ cows. Overall, the exogenous enzyme preparation used in this study increased milk protein and lactose concentrations in all cows, and milk production in primiparous but not multiparous cows. The differential production response between primiparous and multiparous cows was likely a result of a greater increase in DMI with ENZ supplementation in the younger animals.

12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35866282

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the morphological characteristics of upper airway and laryngopharyngeal reflux in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 284 adult patients who underwent polysomnography (PSG) from April 2020 to April 2021 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, including 83 males and 201 females, aged (32.70±7.74) years. Patients were divided into obese group (n=234) and non-obese group (n=50) according to body mass index (BMI). Patients were divided into mild OSA group, moderate OSA group, severe OSA group and extremely severe OSA group by PSG.The results of sleepiness and laryngopharyngeal reflux questionnaire, nasolaryngoscopy and polysomnography were compared in each group. SPSS (version 22.0) software was used in data analysis. Results: Compared with the non-obese OSA group, the lymphoid hyperplasia of tongue root was more heavy in the obese OSA group, and Mueller's maneuver showed that the left-right lateral collapse of the velopharyngeal plane was more serious. Meanwhile, the scores of reflux symtom index (RSI) and reflux finding score (RFS) in the obese OSA group were significantly increased, and the scores of RSI and RFS increased with the increase of OSA severity. The main respiratory events in obese patients with OSA were obstructive hypopnea, their apnea-hypopnea indices(AHI) during REM (AHIREM) was significantly higher than non-REM (AHINREM), and they had lower average blood oxygen saturation. Yet, there was no significant difference in the lowest blood oxygen saturation between the two groups. Conclusions: Our study suggests that lateral pharyngeal wall stenosis in velopharyngeal plane and the lymphoid hyperplasia of tongue root in glossopharyngeal plane occurs more frequently in obese patients with OSA. Laryngopharyngeal reflux is significantly increased in obese patients, and OSA increases laryngopharyngeal reflux in obese patients.


Asunto(s)
Reflujo Laringofaríngeo , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Femenino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Reflujo Laringofaríngeo/complicaciones , Masculino , Obesidad/complicaciones , Polisomnografía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/complicaciones
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(2): 022002, 2022 Jul 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35867444

RESUMEN

Using a sample of about 10^{10} J/ψ events collected at a center-of-mass energy sqrt[s]=3.097 GeV with the BESIII detector, the electromagnetic Dalitz decays J/ψ→e^{+}e^{-}π^{+}π^{-}η^{'}, with η^{'}→γπ^{+}π^{-} and η^{'}→π^{+}π^{-}η, have been studied. The decay J/ψ→e^{+}e^{-}X(1835) is observed with a significance of 15σ, and also an e^{+}e^{-} invariant-mass dependent transition form factor of J/ψ→e^{+}e^{-}X(1835) is presented for the first time. The intermediate states X(2120) and X(2370) are also observed in the π^{+}π^{-}η^{'} invariant-mass spectrum with significances of 5.3σ and 7.3σ. The corresponding product branching fractions for J/ψ→e^{+}e^{-}X, X→π^{+}π^{-}η^{'} [X=X(1835), X(2120), and X(2370)] are reported.

14.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 18: 17455057221112267, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35833667

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Palpitations during peri- and post-menopause are common. It is unclear what variables are related to palpitations in peri- and post-menopausal women. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize potential correlates of palpitations in women transitioning through menopause. METHODS: The review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). Authors included English-language, full-length, peer-reviewed, cross-sectional research articles on palpitations in menopausal women published through December 18, 2021, from PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycINFO searches. Following de-duplication, screening of titles and abstracts, and review of full-texts, independent reviewers extracted data on variables studied in relationship to palpitations from 84 articles and resolved discrepancies. Authors extracted data on (1) demographic, clinical, biomarker, and symptom/quality of life variables and (2) data analysis method (bivariate, multivariate). Authors classified each variable as a likely, unlikely, or unclear correlate of palpitations. RESULTS: Articles were diverse in region of origin, sample sizes, and variables assessed in relationship to palpitations. Evidence for any one variable was sparse. Likely correlates of palpitations included race/ethnicity, lower physical activity, worse vasomotor symptoms (VMSs), worse sleep, and worse quality of life. Unlikely correlates included age, employment, education, marital status, socioeconomic status, comorbidities, body mass index, and sexual difficulties. Unclear correlates due to equivocal evidence were menopausal status, smoking, and depression. Unclear correlates due to insufficient evidence (less than three articles) included all of the assessed biomarkers, anxiety, and stress. CONCLUSION: Likely correlates were identified including race/ethnicity, physical activity, VMS, sleep, and quality of life. However, additional research is needed to better understand potential correlates of palpitations.


Asunto(s)
Menopausia , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Transversales , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Humanos , Posmenopausia
15.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(7): 640-649, 2022 Jul 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899331

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects of methacrylic anhydride gelatin (GelMA) hydrogel loaded with silver and recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rh-bFGF) on deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. Low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials and high-concentration GelMA materials containing different concentrations of methacrylic anhydride (MA) were prepared, after adding photoinitiator, low-concentration GelMA hydrogels, medium-concentration GelMA hydrogels, and high-concentration GelMA hydrogels were obtained, respectively. The nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed to detect the hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of the above-mentioned three concentrations of GelMA materials, and to calculate the degree of substitution according to the spectrum diagram. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of 3 types of above-mentioned GelMA hydrogels were detected by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), with 9 samples measured. According to the selected concentration of MA, ten kinds of solutions of GelMA with different concentration of silver (silver-containing GelMA) were synthesized, and the silver-containing GelMA solution of each concentration was divided into three parts, and then exposed to ultraviolet light lasting for 20, 25, and 35 s, respectively. After adding photoinitiator,the corresponding silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were obtained. The residual degradation rate of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with different photocrosslinking times was detected by collagenase degradation method at degradation of 12, 24, 36, and 48 h; and the time required for complete degradation was detected, and the sample number was 5. The inhibition zone diameter of GelMA hydrogel under above screened photocrosslinking times containing 10 concentrations of silver against Staphylococcus aureus was measured to reflect its antibacterial ability, and the sample numbers were all 5. The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with statistical significance compared with the antibacterial circle diameter of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing the lowest concentration (no silver) was considered as having antibacterial activity. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial activity and the lowest drug concentration selected were detected by FESEM, and the sample numbers were all 9. The freeze-dried alone GelMA hydrogel and the freeze-dried silver-containing GelMA hydrogel were soaked in phosphate buffer solution for 24 h, respectively, then the swelling rate of the two GelMA hydrogel were calculated and compared by weighing method, and the sample number was 5. GelMA hydrogel containing silver and rh-bFGF, namely compound hydrogel for short, was prepared according to the preliminary experiment and the above experimental results. The appearance of the composite hydrogel was observed in general, and its three-dimensional microstructure and pore size were detected by FESEM. The deep partial-thickness burn wound was made on the back of 30 rabbits (aged 4-6 months, female half and half). Meanwhile, with the rabbit head as the benchmark, the wounds on the left side of the spine were treated as composite hydrogel treatment group, and the wounds on the right side were treated as gauze control group, and which were treated accordingly. On post injury day (PID) 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28, the healing of wounds in the two groups was observed. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing area was recorded and the healing rate was calculated, with a sample number of 30. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and independent sample t test. Results: The substitution degree among low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials, and high-concentration GelMA materials was significantly different (F=1 628.00, P<0.01). The low-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a loose and irregular three-dimensional spatial network structure with a pore size of (60±17) µm; the medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a relatively uniform three-dimensional spatial network and pore size with a pore size of (45±13) µm; the high-concentration GelMA hydrogel had the dense and disordered three-dimensional spatial network with a pore size of (25±15) µm, the pore sizes of 3 types of GelMA hydrogels were significantly differences (F=12.20, P<0.01), and medium concentration of MA was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The degradability of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with different concentrations of the same photocrosslinking time was basically same. The degradation residual rates of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with 20, 25, and 35 s crosslinking time at 12 h were (74.2±1.7)%, (85.3±0.9)%, and (93.2±1.2)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 24 h were (58.3±2.1)%, (65.2±1.8)%, and (81.4±2.6)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 36 h were (22.4±1.9)%, (45.2±1.7)%, and (68.1±1.4)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 48 h were (8.2±1.7)%, (32.4±1.3)%, and (54.3±2.2)%, respectively, and 20, 25, and 30 s photocrosslinking time required for complete degradation of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were (50.2±2.4), (62.4±1.4), and (72.2±3.2) h, and the difference was statistically significant (F=182.40, P<0.01), 25 s were selected as the subsequent photocrosslinking time. The antibacterial diameters of 10 types of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels against Staphylococcus aureus from low to high concentrations were (2.6±0.4), (2.5±0.4), (3.2±0.4), (12.1±0.7), (14.8±0.7), (15.1±0.5), (16.2±0.6), (16.7±0.5), (16.7±0.4), and (16.7±0.6) mm, respectively, and which basically showed a concentration-dependent increasing trend, and the overall difference was statistically significant (F=428.70, P<0.01). Compared with the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the lowest concentration, the antibacterial circle diameters of other silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial ability from low to high concentration were significantly increased (with t values of 26.35, 33.84, 43.65, 42.17, 49.24, 55.74, and 43.72, respectively, P<0.01). The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the antibacterial diameter of (12.1±0.7) mm had the lowest antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and the lowest drug loading concentration, and the concentration of silver was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The microscopic morphology of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing silver element with a pore size of (45±13) µm had a regular and linear strip-like structure. After soaking for 24 h, the swelling ratio of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel was similar to that of alone GelMA hydrogel. The composite hydrogel was colorless, clear and transparent, and its three-dimensional microstructure was a regular and uniform grid, with a filament network structure inside, and the pore size of (40±21) µm. On PID 3, a large amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group were observed, and scattered scabs, a small amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in gauze control group were observed. On PID 7, the area of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group was significantly reduced, and adhesion of rabbit wound and gauze in gauze control group was observed. On PID 14, In composite hydrogel group, the rabbit wound surface was ruddy, and the growth of granulation tissue was observed, and in gauze control group, the rabbit wound base was pale, and the blood supply was poor. On PID 21, the rabbit wounds in composite hydrogel group healed completely, and rabbit wound in gauze control group had healing trend. On PID 28, new hair could be seen on rabbit wound surface in composite hydrogel group; oval wound of rabbit in gauze control group still remained. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing areas of rabbit in composite hydrogel group were significantly larger than those in gauze control group (with t values of 2.24, 4.43, 7.67, and 7.69, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel has good physical and chemical properties in terms of swelling and degradability. The screened silver-containing GelMA hydrogels had the lowest antibacterial activity and the lowest drug loading concentration. Composite hydrogel can significantly shorten the healing time of deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Infecciones Estafilocócicas , Anhídridos , Animales , Antibacterianos , Quemaduras/tratamiento farmacológico , Femenino , Factor 2 de Crecimiento de Fibroblastos , Gelatina/farmacología , Humanos , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Conejos , Proteínas Recombinantes , Staphylococcus aureus
16.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 259-268, 2022 Jun 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896489

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dynamic changes of macrophage numbers and apoptosis during Schistosoma japonicum infection, and to investigate the possible mechanisms of macrophage apoptosis induced by S. japonicum soluble egg antigen (SEA). METHODS: C57BL/6 mice at ages of 6~8 weeks were randomly divided into 4 groups, including three experimental groups and a normal control group. Each mouse in the experimental groups was infected with (12 ± 1) cercariae of S. japonicum via the abdominal skin, and all mice in an experimental group were sacrificed 3, 5, 8 weeks post-infection, respectively, while mice in the control group were not infected with S. japonicum cercariae and sacrificed on the day of S. japonicum infection in the experimental group. Mouse liver specimens and peritoneal exudation cells were sampled in each group, and the dynamic changes of macrophage numbers and apoptosis were detected. Mouse peritoneal macrophages were isolated, purified and treated with S. japonicum SEA, PBS and ovalbumin (OVA) in vitro, and the macrophage apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression of BCL-2 protein family members were determined in macrophages using real-time quantitative PCR (qP-CR) and Western blotting assays, and the activation of caspase 3 was determined using flow cytometry and Western blotting. In addition, macrophages were in vitro treated with S. japonicum SEA in presence of a caspase inhibitor, H2O2 or N-acetyl-L-cysteine, and the apoptosis of macrophages was detected using flow cytometry. RESULTS: The total macrophage numbers continued to increase in mouse liver [(0.873 ± 0.106) × 106, (2.737 ± 0.460) × 106 and (3.107 ± 0.367) × 106 cells, respectively; F = 81.900, P < 0.01] and peritoneal specimens [(5.282 ± 1.136) × 105, (7.500 ± 1.200) × 105 and (12.800 ± 0.800) × 105 cells, respectively; F = 55.720, P < 0.01] 3, 5 and 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum, and the numbers of apoptotic macrophages also continued to increase in mouse liver [(0.092 ± 0.018) × 106, (0.186 ± 0.025) × 106 and (0.173 ± 0.0270) × 106 cells; F = 57.780, P < 0.01] and peritoneal specimens [(0.335 ± 0.022) × 105, (0.771 ± 0.099) × 105 and (1.094 ± 0.051) × 105 cells; F = 49.460, P < 0.01] 3, 5 and 8 weeks post-infection with S. japonicum. The apoptotic rate of SEA-treated macrophages [(24.330 ± 0.784)%] was significantly higher than that of PBS-[(18.500 ± 1.077)%] and OVA-treated macrophages [(18.900 ± 1.350)%] (both P values < 0.01). There were no significant differences in the mRNA or protein expression of Bcl-2 [Bcl - 2 mRNA expression: (1.662 ± 0.943) vs. (1.000 ± 0.000), t = 1.215, P > 0.05; BCL protein expression: (0.068 ± 0.004) vs. (0.070 ± 0.005), t = 0.699, P > 0.05], Bax [Bax mRNA expression: (0.711 ± 0.200) vs. (1.000 ± 0.000), t = 2.507, P > 0.05; BAX protein expression: (0.089 ± 0.005) vs. (0.097 ± 0.003), t = 2.232, P > 0.05] and Bak [Bak mRNA expression: (1.255 ± 0.049) vs. (1.00 ± 0.00), t = 0.897, P > 0.05; BAK protein expression: (0.439 ± 0.048) vs. (0.571 ± 0.091), t = 2.231, P > 0.05] between in SEA- and PBS-treated macrophages. S. japonicum SEA induced macrophage apoptosis in the presence of a caspase inhibitor (F = 0.411, P > 0.05); however, SEA failed to induce macrophage apoptosis in the presence of H2O2 or NAC (F = 11.880 and 9.897, both P values < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: S. japonicum SEA may induce macrophage apoptosis through promoting reactive oxygen species expression during S. japonicum infections in mice.


Asunto(s)
Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistosomiasis Japónica , Animales , Apoptosis , Caspasas , Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Macrófagos , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , ARN Mensajero , Proteína X Asociada a bcl-2
17.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(3): 277-285, 2022 Jun 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896491

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the serum microRNA (miRNA) expression and examine the impact of miRNA expression profiles on T helper type 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) imbalance among patients with cystic echinococcosis, so as to provide insights into the illustration of the mechanisms underlying chronic Echinococcus granulosus infections, and long-term pathogenesis. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from the sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, and subjected to high-throughput sequencing with the Illumina sequencing platform. Known miRNAs were annotated and new miRNAs were predicted using the miRBase database and the miRDeep2 tool, and differentially expressed miRNAs were identified. The target genes of differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted using the software miRanda and TargetScan, and the intersection was selected for Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, miRNAs that targeted genes relating to key transcription factors RORC and FOXP3 that determine the production of Th17 and Treg cells or their important regulatory pathways (PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways) were matched. RESULTS: A total of 53 differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in sera of cystic echinococcosis patients and healthy controls, including 47 up-regulated miRNAs and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. GO enrichment analysis showed that these differentially expressed miRNA were involved DNA transcription and translation, cell components, cell morphology, neurodevelopment and metabolic decomposition, and KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed miRNA were mainly involved in MAPK, PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs with the 20 highest fold changes, there were 3 miRNAs that had a potential for target regulation of RORC, and 15 miRNAs that had a potential to target the PI3K-Akt and mTOR signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Significant changes are found in serum miRNA expression profiles among patients with E. granulosus infections, and differentially expressed miRNAs may lead to Th17/Treg imbalance through targeting the key transcription factors of Th17/Treg or PI3K-Akt and mTOR pathways, which facilitates the long-term parasitism of E. granulosus in hosts and causes a chronic disease.


Asunto(s)
Equinococosis , MicroARNs , Equinococosis/genética , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/genética , Linfocitos T Reguladores , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR/genética , Células Th17 , Factores de Transcripción/genética
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(28): 2201-2209, 2022 Jul 26.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35872585

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of omalizumab in patients with refractory allergic asthma using meta-analysis. Methods: We searched databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and the website of ClinicalTrials. gov registry for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), using the search terms: ("anti-IgE" OR "anti-immunoglobulin E" OR "anti-IgE antibody" OR "omalizumab" OR "rhuMAb-E25" OR "Xolair") AND ("allergic asthma"). The time was up to September 19th 2020. Review Manager 5.4 software and Stata16 software were used to calculate pooled RR or WMD, perform heterogeneity test, and assess publication bias. Results: Fifteen RCTs with 6 316 patients in total (omalizumab, n=3 469; placebo, n=2 847) met our selection criteria. Comparing with placebo, omalizumab reduced the risk of asthma exacerbations during both stable-inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) phase (RR=0.69, 95%CI: 0.63-0.75, P<0.001; I2=39.0%, P=0.090) and ICS-reduction phase (RR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.46-0.66, P<0.001; I2=41.0%, P=0.180), reduced emergency visits (RR=0.53, 95%CI: 0.38-0.73, P<0.001; I2=0, P=0.420), made a significant reduction in dosage of ICS (RR=1.35, 95%CI: 1.25-1.45, P<0.001; I2=22.0%, P=0.280) and even withdrew from ICS completely (RR=1.80, 95%CI: 1.41-2.31, P<0.001; I2=57.0%, P=0.070). Omalizumab significantly improved asthma-related quality of life (RR=1.81, 95%CI: 1.51-2.17). The use of rescue bronchodilators was significantly reduced in the omalizumab group (RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.67-0.92) but there was no significant difference in the dosage of rescue bronchodilators (puff per day) (WMD=-0.32, 95%CI: -0.77-0.13). Patients taking omalizumab did not increase the frequency of any adverse events (RR=1.01, 95%CI: 0.98-1.03) and serious adverse events (RR=0.89, 95%CI: 0.74-1.06). Conclusions: Omalizumab is an ideal adjunctive treatment for refractory allergic asthma with good efficacy and safety. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to determine the appropriate duration of treatment.


Asunto(s)
Antiasmáticos , Asma , Omalizumab , Antiasmáticos/efectos adversos , Asma/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Omalizumab/efectos adversos
19.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 173(3): 335-340, 2022 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35854020

RESUMEN

This study aimed to explore the effects of Wenyang Zhenshuai granules (WZG) on the morphology of cardiomyocytes, cell viability, and the expression of key mitochondrial autophagy proteins in the doxorubicin-induced model of H9c2 cardiomyocyte injury. Cardiomyocytes were cultured for 44 h and divided into 4 groups: intact control, doxorubicin-injured cells (DOX), doxorubicin-injured cells treated with WZG (DOX+WZG), and doxorubicin-injured cells treated with valsartan (DOX+valsartan; reference group). The morphology of cardiomyocytes was analyzed under an inverted microscope; cardiomyocyte survival rate was determined by MTT assay. The expression of the key mitochondrial autophagy proteins (PINK1, parkin, LC3-II, and prohibitin-2) was analyzed by Western blotting. WZG down-regulated the expression of the key mitochondrial autophagy proteins in DOX-injured cells, which may be one of the important mechanisms for regulating ventricular remodeling and cardiomyocyte apoptosis.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Mitocondriales , Miocitos Cardíacos , Apoptosis , Autofagia , Doxorrubicina/farmacología , Proteínas Mitocondriales/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriales/metabolismo , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Valsartán/metabolismo , Valsartán/farmacología
20.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(7): 634-639, 2022 Jul 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785834

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathological features and prognosis of patients with microfocal prostate adenocarcinoma. Methods: Clinical and pathological data of the patients diagnosed with microfocal adenocarcinoma on prostate biopsy at the West China Hospital from 2013 to 2019 were collected. Microfocal adenocarcinoma was defined as follows: Gleason score of 3+3=6, total number of the cores ≥10, number of the positive cores ≤2, and proportion of the tumor in each positive core<50%. Clinicopathological parameters, treatment plans and follow-up data were collected. Pathological information of the biopsy and radical resection specimens was used to analyze the correlation between pathological parameters in the biopsy report and adverse pathological features of radical resection specimens, including increased Gleason score, capsule invasion, positive surgical margin and perineural invasion. Results: A total of 206 cases of microfocal adenocarcinoma were diagnosed on prostate biopsies from 2013 to 2019, accounting for 6.7% of all adenocarcinoma cases. There were 139 cases of 1 positive core and 67 cases of 2 positive cores. Patients with microfocal adenocarcinoma were younger than those with non-microfocal adenocarcinoma (69 years versus 71 years, P<0.001). Compared with patients with non-microfocal adenocarcinoma, the pre-biopsy total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) and free prostate specific antigen (fPSA) levels in patients with microfocal adenocarcinoma were both lower (11.2 µg/L2 versus 23.7 µg/L2; 1.4 µg/L2 versus 3.0 µg/L2, P<0.001), the fPSA/tPSA level was higher (12.9% versus 10.7%, P<0.05), the prostate volume was larger (38.9 mL versus 34.3 mL, P<0.05), and the PSA density was lower (0.3 µg/L2 versus 0.8 µg/L2, P<0.001). 130 patients underwent radical prostatectomy, 30 patients chose active monitoring, 31 patients chose endocrine or radiation therapy, and 15 patients were lost to follow-up. Three patients in the active surveillance group underwent radical prostatectomy for disease progression after 21-39 months observation. Biochemical relapses occurred in two patients in the radical prostatectomy group. The remaining patients have no disease progression or recurrence at present. Compared with radical prostatectomy specimens, Gleason score in the biopsy material was increased in 64/115 patients (55.7%). Among resection excision specimens, 14 cases (12.2%) had extraprostatic extension (EPE), 35 cases (30.4%) had perineural invasion, and 16 cases (13.9%) had a positive margin. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that low fPSA/tPSA ratio and 2 positive cores were independent risk factors for Gleason score increase in the radical prostatectomy specimens. A low fPSA/tPSA ratio was an independent risk factor for perineural invasion. Low fPSA/tPSA ratio and low prostate volume were associated with a positive margin in radical prostatectomy specimens. Conclusions: In this study, patients diagnosed with microfocal adenocarcinoma on prostate biopsy account for a high proportion of the patients with increased Gleason score in the radical prostatectomy specimens, and there is a certain proportion of adverse pathological features in the radical specimens. Therefore, for the patients with only a small amount of low-grade adenocarcinoma found in biopsy, PSA levels and PSA density should be taken into consideration in treatment selection.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias de la Próstata , Adenocarcinoma/patología , Adenocarcinoma/cirugía , Humanos , Masculino , Próstata/patología , Próstata/cirugía , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Prostatectomía , Neoplasias de la Próstata/patología , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía
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