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1.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 960327120919469, 2020 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351125

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The present study was aimed to explore the effects and the underlying mechanism of prophylactic low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatment on taurocholate-induced severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in a rat model. METHODS: Rat SAP model was induced by injection of 4% sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct. LMWH was applied half an hour before the induction of pancreatitis at the dose of 200 IU/kg subcutaneous injection. The rats were euthanized at 1 h, 6 h, and 12 h after taurocholate-induced SAP. The inflammatory and oxidative response markers were assessed. And the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 (Flt-1) expression were evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blot methods. RESULTS: The expression of inflammatory and oxidative response markers increased after induction of SAP. IHC and western blot results showed the VEGF and Flt-1 expression were increased in SAP group. Prophylactic LMWH administration reduced the inflammatory and oxidative response markers expression and decreased the expression of VEGF and Flt-1. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that prophylactic LMWH treatment mitigated the severity of pancreatitis in rat SAP model by anti-inflammation and oxidative response. The underlying mechanism may result from downregulating VEGF/Flt-1 signaling of LMWH in SAP rat model.

2.
Neoplasma ; 2020 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386477

RESUMEN

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health issue with serious medical consequences. The roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in HBV replication and expression have been generally recognized, and the abnormal expression of miR-501 has been reported in patients with HBV infection. However, the function and mechanism in HBV replication remain elusive. The expression patterns of miR-501-3p and ZEB2 in HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and HBV-expressing HCC cells were determined by qRT-PCR and western blot assays. HBV replication and expression were evaluated through detecting the copies of HBV DNA and the secretion of HBV surface antigens HBsAg and HBsAg by real-time PCR and ELISA analyses. Bioinformatics and dual-luciferase reporter analyses were employed to validate the functional interaction between miR-501-3p and ZEB2. MiR-501-3p was significantly upregulated, while ZEB2 was downregulated in HBV-related HCC tissues and cells compared with relative controls without HBV infection. Knockdown of miR-501-3p hampered HBV replication and gene expression in HepG2.2.15 and HepAD38 cells. ZEB2 was identified as a functional target of miR-501-3p. Absence of ZEB2 abolished the inhibitory effects of anti-miR-501-3p on HBV replication and gene expression. Our data indicated that miR-501-3p participated in the regulation of HBV replication and gene expression partially via repressing ZEB2 in HepG2.2.15 and HepAD38 cells, providing a promising antiviral avenue for HBV infection.

3.
Neoplasma ; 2020 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386484

RESUMEN

With the increasing number of elderly patients, the risk of diseases such as colorectal cancer (CRC) has increased. The objective of this prospective study was to explore the effects of sarcopenia, hypoalbuminemia and laparoscopic surgery on postoperative complications among elderly patients who recently underwent colorectal surgery. Patients aged over 65 years who underwent surgery for CRC at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were considered for this study. The demographical and clinical characteristics of these patients, as well as postoperative complications, were prospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups depending on the diagnosis of sarcopenia and the clinical variables corresponding to the two groups were compared. Further, the risk factors associated with postoperative complications were evaluated using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 360 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Incidences of postoperative complications in the sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia groups were at 38.3% and 27.3%, respectively. In addition, sarcopenia (P = 0.029) and hypoalbuminemia (P = 0.010) were identified as independent risk factors, while laparoscopic surgery (P = 0.023) was identified a protective factor for postoperative complications. However, laparoscopic surgery was a protective factor for postoperative complications in the colon group only (P = 0.001). Sarcopenia and hypoalbuminemia are independent risk factors that influence the probability of developing complications following CRC surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is a protective factor for postoperative complications of CRC patients, particularly colon cancer patients.

4.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(0): E012, 2020 May 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388937

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) and arbidol in the treatment of COVID-19 in the real world. Methods: The clinical data of 178 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 admitted to Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from January 21 to February 9, 2020. According to the patient's antiviral treatment regimen, 178 patients were divided into 4 groups including LPV/r group (59 patients), arbidol group (36 patients), combination therapy with LPV/r plus arbidol group (25 patients) and the conventional treatment group without any antiviral drugs (58 patients). The main observation end points of the study was the negative conversion time of nucleic acid of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in pharyngeal swab. Results: The baseline of 4 groups before treatment was consistent and comparable. The negative conversion time of nucleic acid of the 2019-nCoV in pharyngeal swab was (10.20 ± 3.49), (10.11 ± 4.68), (10.86 ± 4.74), (8.44 ± 3.51) days separately in the LPV/r group, the arbidol group, the combination therapy group, and the conventional treatment group without significant difference (F = 2.556, P = 0.058). There was also no significant difference in the rate of negative conversion rate of 2019-nCoV nucleic acid, the improvement ration in clinical symptoms, and the improvement ration of pulmonary infection in the lung CT imaging (P> 0.05). However, a statistically significant difference was found in the proportion of deterioration changing from mild/moderate to severe/critical type at day 7 (χ(2) = 9.311, P = 0.017) as follows: the combination therapy group (24.0%, 6/25), the arbidol group ( 16.7%, 6/36), LPV/r group (5.4%, 3/56) and conventional treatment group (5.2%, 3/58). Moreover, the frequency of adverse reactions in the three groups receiving antiviral drugs was significantly higher than that in the conventional treatment group (χ(2) = 14.875, P = 0.002). Conclusions: No evidences could prove that LPV/r and arbidol could shorten the negative conversion time of novel coronavirus nucleic acid in pharyngeal swab nor improve the symptoms of patients. Furthermore, the combination usage of LPV/r and arbidol may not benefit for improving the disease. Noteworthy, the adverse reactions of the antiviral drugs should be paid careful attention during the treatment.

5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(5): 581-585, 2020 May 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388964

RESUMEN

Early life adversity is a risk factor for many diseases, but the related mechanism is not clear. Some research clues suggest that early life adversity is related to biological aging, and at present, the more recognized biological aging index is telomere length. Therefore, exploring the relationship between early life adversity and telomere length is of great significance to reveal the related mechanism of adversity. Through a review of previous literature, this paper discusses the possible effects of different adversity types, exposure time and research design on the relationship between early life adversity and telomere length, so as to provide a basis for the intervention of early life adversity.

6.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372196

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The clinical significance of FLAIR vascular hyperintensity (FVH), a marker of collateral circulation in ischaemic stroke, remains controversial. We hypothesised that the association between FVH and outcomes varies with the severity of leukoaraiosis (LA), another marker of collaterals, and that their combined significance may vary with time. METHODS: We included 459 consecutive patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke. Proximal and distal FVHs were distinguished based on location. LA was divided into two grades, according to Fazekas scores of 0-2 and 3-6. Symptom-to-MRI time was divided into two categories: ≤ 14 days and ≥ 15 days. RESULTS: We found no difference in FVH proportion according to LA grade. Multivariate analysis revealed that LA and FVH status were independently associated with unfavourable outcomes (modified Rankin scale ≥ 2) in patients with symptom-to-MRI times ≤ 14 days (P = 0.008), but not in those with symptom-to-MRI times ≥15 days (P = 0.61). In the group with symptom-to-MRI times ≤14 days, patients with LA 3-6 and FVH(+) (OR, 3.044; 95% CI, 1.116-8.305) were more likely to have unfavourable clinical outcomes compared with patients with LA 0-2 and FVH(+) but not compared with those with LA 0-2 and FVH(-) or LA 3-6 and FVH(-). In addition, FVH location did not influence the relationship between FVH and outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The association between FVH and outcomes was influenced by the degree of LA in the acute but not in the subacute and chronic stages of MCA infarction. FVH predicts clinical outcomes independently only in those with more extensive LA.

7.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(2): 525-533, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425017

RESUMEN

To explore effects of the sDR5-Fc fusion protein on ulcerative colitis of infant mice via the TRAIL-DR5 pathway, 50 female mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e., control group (group A), dextran sulfate sodium group (group B), hIgG group (group C), 10 mg/kg sDR5-Fc group (group D), and 20 mg/ kg sDR5-Fc group (group E). The acute ulcerative colitis models were established. The weights and disease activity index (DAI) of each group were monitored daily. In addition, the pathological changes of colon tissues were observed by Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. The number of macrophages in colon tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry assay. Changes in the expression of inflammatory factors in colon tissues were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of different concentrations was utilized alone or in combination with TRAIL to stimulate the NCM460 cells. The activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes was detected by Western blot. The apoptosis of NCM460 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that in groups B and C, the body weights decreased, the DAI increased, the colon epithelial cells were injured, the inflammatory cells were infiltrated, and the macrophages in colon tissues increased significantly. In groups D and E, the body weights increased, the DAI decreased, the inflammation was significantly improved, the macrophages decreased significantly, and the gene expression levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1ß decreased significantly. Thus, sDR5-Fc could inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes induced by TRAIL, thereby decreasing the apoptosis of NCM460 cells. In conclusion, the sDR5-Fc fusion protein could block the TRAIL-DR5 pathway to reduce the expression of NLRP3 inflammasomes, thereby improving ulcerative colitis.

8.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 637, 2020 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380963

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In China, ethnic minorities often live in frontier areas and have a relatively small population size, and tremendous social transitions have enlarged the gap between eastern and western China, with western China being home to 44 ethnic minority groups. These three disadvantages have health impacts. Examining ethnicity and health inequality in the context of western China is therefore essential. METHODS: This paper is based on data from the 2010 China Survey of Social Change (CSSC2010), which was conducted in 12 provinces, autonomous regions and province-level municipalities in western China and had a sample size of 10,819. We examined self-rated health and disparities in self-rated health between ethnic minorities and Han Chinese in the context of western China. Self-rated health was coded as poor or good, and ethnicity was coded as ethnic minority or Han Chinese. Ethnic differences in self-rated health was examined by using binary logistic regression. Associations among sociodemographic variables, SES variable, health behaviour variable, health problem variables and self-rated health were also explored. RESULTS: Fourteen percent of respondents reported their health to be poor. A total of 15.75% of ethnic minorities and 13.43% of Han Chinese respondents reported their health to be poor, indicating a difference in self-rated health between ethnic minorities and Han Chinese. Age, gender, marital status, education, alcohol, and health problems were the main factors that affected differences in self-rated health. CONCLUSION: In western China, there were obvious ethnic disparities in self-rated health. Elderly ethnic minorities, non-partnered ethnic minorities, ethnic minorities with an educational level lower than middle school, and ethnic minorities with chronic disease had higher odds of poor self-rated health.

9.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(4): 310-318, 2020 Apr 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32403883

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and establish a corresponding prognostic scoring model in patients with early-stage clinical features of hepatitis B-induced acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). Methods: Clinical characteristics of 725 cases with hepatitis B-related acute-on-chronic hepatic dysfunction (HBV-ACHD) were retrospectively analyzed using Chinese group on the study of severe hepatitis B (COSSH). The independent risk factors associated with 90-day prognosis to establish a prognostic scoring model was analyzed by multivariate Cox regression, and was validated by 500 internal and 390 external HBV-ACHD patients. Results: Among 725 cases with HBV-ACHD, 76.8% were male, 96.8% had cirrhosis base,66.5% had complications of ascites, 4.1% had coagulation failure in respect to organ failure, and 9.2% had 90-day mortality rate. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that TBil, WBC and ALP were the best predictors of 90-day mortality rate in HBV-ACHD patients. The established scoring model was COSS-HACHADs = 0.75 × ln(WBC) + 0.57 × ln(TBil)-0.94 × ln(ALP) +10. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of subjects was significantly higher than MELD, MELD-Na, CTP and CLIF-C ADs(P < 0.05). An analysis of 500 and 390 cases of internal random selection group and external group had similar verified results. Conclusion: HBV-ACHD patients are a group of people with decompensated cirrhosis combined with small number of organ failure, and the 90-day mortality rate is 9.2%. COSSH-ACHDs have a higher predictive effect on HBV-ACHD patients' 90-day prognosis, and thus provide evidence-based medicine for early clinical diagnosis and treatment.

10.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 387-391, 2020 May 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392954

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the current situation of human milk (HM) feeding in hospitalized very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Methods: The study retrospectively extracted the data of 601 infants with birth weight <1 500 g, and admitted within 24 hours after birth to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. The infants were grouped into exclusive mother's-own-milk (MOM) group, donor human milk (DHM) group (partial or none MOM), and mixed (HM and formula) feeding group according to the feeding strategy. Qualitative and quantitative variables in the three groups were compared with One-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, Chi-square test or Fisher exact test. Kappa and McNemar test were used for consistency testing. Results: Among the 601 infants (309 boys and 292 girls), 6 (1.0%) infants had never been fed with MOM. The gestational age and birth weight were (29.3±1.9) weeks and 1 260(1 115, 1 400) g in 601 infants. A total of 8 (1.3%) infants were grouped into MOM group, 542 (90.2%) were grouped into DHM group, and 51 (8.5%) were grouped into mixed feeding group. The percentage of enteral feedings with MOM in the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d, 8-14 d and 15-28 d were 73.6% (42.9%, 86.7%), 97.5% (78.6%, 100.0%) and 99.3% (93.0%, 100.0%), respectively (H=414.95, P<0.01), and the pairwise comparison suggested that the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d was the lowest (adjusted both P<0.05). The average weight adjusted daily dose of MOM were 9.7 (4.3, 18.2), 59.1 (26.5, 93.5) and 116.0 (60.3, 142.6) ml/(kg·d) in the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d, 8-14 d and 15-28 d, respectively (H=759.75, P<0.01), and the pairwise comparison suggested that the stage of hospitalization 1-7 d was the lowest (adjusted both P<0.05). The weight adjusted daily dose of MOM in exclusive MOM group, DHM and Mixed feeding group were 95.2 (40.0, 117.2), 82.9(53.6, 103.1) and 55.7 (16.6, 97.5) ml/(kg·d), respectively (H=10.78, P=0.005).Additionally, the percentage and weight adjusted daily dose of MOM showed a general consistency of 0.703 (P>0.05, Kappa=0.408). Conclusions: The rate of exclusive MOM feeding is low, especially during the first 7 days of hospitalization. The percentage of total enteral feedings with MOM and the average weight adjusted daily dose of MOM can well evaluate the situation of HM feeding during hospitalization quantitively.

11.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 408-412, 2020 May 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392958

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the clinical, pathological and genetic characteristics of early-onset facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1), in order to increase awareness of the disease. Methods: In this retrospective study, the history of 3 patients, who were diagnosed with early-onset FSHD1 by molecular genetic test in Pediatric Outpatient Department of Peking University First Hospital from 4(th) June 2012 to 4(th) June 2018, were collected. Their clinical data, genotypes, phenotypes and pathological features of muscle biopsy were analyzed. Results: All the three patients were males at the age of 14 years, 11 years and 9 years 11 months, respectively, whose onset age was between infancy and early childhood and they got confirmed diagnosis within 4 to 10 years after the onset of illness. Their molecular genetic testing indicated that the number of D4Z4 repeat arrays located in 4qA were 2, 3 and 4, which was consistent with the characteristics of early-onset FSHD1. Their common clinical manifestations were facial, scapular and proximal lower limb muscle progressively and asymmetrically weakness. All patients had different severity of spine deformity and high-frequency dominant sensorineural hearing loss, however, the phenotype of the third patient with 4 D4Z4 repeats was significantly the most severe. Conclusions: Early-onset FSHD1 usually concealed onset and is difficult to diagnose. Its precise diagnosis depends on molecular genetic techniques, but the genotypes of 3 patients here are not corresponding to phenotypes strictly and it is necessary to accumulate more cases for further analysis in order to provide a more reliable basis for the relationship of genotype-phenotype and prognosis evaluation of the disease.

13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(18): 1390-1395, 2020 May 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392989

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of on-pump total arterial revascularization with bilateral radial artery (BRA) and left internal mammary artery (LIMA) as conduits in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients with left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). Methods: All the perioperative medical records and follow-up results of coronary artery disease patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40% undergoing CABG from 24 heart centers of 15 provinces and autonomous regions in China between July 2015 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 87 consecutive patients (55 males and 32 females) underwent on-pump CABG with BRA and LIMA, with a mean age of (57.5±9.1) years old. There were 22 patients complicated with primary hypertension, 12 with diabetes mellitus, 8 with peripheral vascular disease, 7 with chronic obstructive lung disease, 12 with mild renal injury and 3 with partial aortic calcification. There were 43 cases with in-stent stenosis, and 21 had left main disease. The mean LVEF and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) was (35.5±7.3)% and (65.5±2.6) mm, respectively. The mean graft number, aortic cross-clamp time and cardiopulmonary bypass duration was 3.2±0.9, (90.5±22.7) min and (113.4±19.2) min, respectively. There were 32 mitral and 9 aortic valve replacements, and 5 tricuspid annuloplasties. Prophylactic intra-aortic balloon pumps were implanted in 27 patients. There were 2 operative deaths from acute heart failure. After surgery, there were 15 cases of atrial fibrillation, 1 case of acute kidney injury, 1 case of acute myocardial infarction, and 1 cases of stroke. All the patients fulfilled the follow-up, with a mean time of (39.5±7.7) months. At 3 months after surgery, LVEDD was decreased and LVEF was improved significantly compared with pre-operative indicators [(53.0±1.5) mm vs (65.5±2.6) mm, t=9.51 P=0.02; (45.2±3.3)% vs (35.5±7.3)%, t=13.79, P=0.001]. No major cardiac events were reported during the follow-up. At (30.5±7.4) months after surgery, 62.4% of patients (53/85) underwent coronary CT angiography examination, and the results indicated that the graft patency was 98.8%, with only one case of RA occlusion occurred. Conclusion: In selected patients of LVD, on-pump total arterial revascularization with BRA and LIMA conduits was proved to be safe and effective.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(18): 1414-1418, 2020 May 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392993

RESUMEN

Objective: To identify the value of the detection of pepsin and bile acids in saliva for the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD). Methods: From January 2018 to June 2019, 104 GERD patients and 43 healthy people in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were recruited. The 104 patients of GERD group were divided into four sub-groups, including esophageal symptoms GERD group, extraesophageal symptoms GERD group, anxiety or depression group, non-anxiety and non-depression group. Saliva was collected on waking in morning and 2 h after finishing lunch. The concentration of the total pepsin(TPP) and total bile acids(TBA) from saliva was detected by ELISA method. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to identify the sensitivity and specificity of the saliva pepsin and bile acids detection. Results: The concentration of TPP in morning waking samples and postprandial samples in the GERD group was 27.1(9.7,50.3) µg/L and 32.4(14.0,58.7) µg/L, the concentration of TBA in postprandial samples was (18.4±2.3)µmol/L, and these levels were significantly higher than that of the control group [7.0(5.1, 9.1) µg/L, 7.4(5.2, 9.4) µg/L, (12.6±5.0)µmol/L](P<0.01). The concentration of TBA in morning waking samples had no significant difference between these two groups(P>0.05). The concentration of TPP and TBA had no significant difference among the four GERD sub-groups(P>0.05).Pepsin in postprandial saliva samples had moderate diagnostic value for GERD, when the saliva pepsin concentration in postprandial samples was higher than 41.33 µg/L, it had a sensitivity of 82.8% and a specificity of 73.3%. The bile acids in saliva had no significant diagnostic value for GERD. Conclusions: Pepsin detection in saliva has a high level of sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing GERD. However, bile acids in saliva has no significant diagnostic value for GERD.

15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(18): 1426-1431, 2020 May 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392995

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of asthma among the elderly people in China and to analyze the clinical features, self-management and cognitive level of elderly asthma patients. Methods: According to the multi-stage random cluster sampling methods, a total of 164 215 subjects were visited by a questionnaire in the last epidemiology survey from eight provinces (Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Liaoning, Henan, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Sichuan provinces) and seven regions (north, northeast, southern china, east, south, southwest and northwest) in China from February 2010 to August 2012. 2 034 were diagnosed as asthma. The elderly patients aged ≥65 years were selected from the 2 034 asthma patients. The clinical characteristics, comorbidities, the status of asthma control and self-management and insights of the disease in elderly asthma patients were analyzed. Results: Among the 2 034 asthma patients, 584 (28.7%) were elderly asthmatics aged ≥65 years old and 1 450 (71.3%) were<65 years old. In the elderly asthma group, Early-onset asthma accounted for 439 (75.2%) and 145 (24.8%) were late-onset. The common clinical manifestations of elderly asthma patients were: chest distress 395 (67.6%), wheezing 304 (52.1%), cough 298 (51.0%). Common comorbidities of elderly asthmatics were: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 144 (24.7%), allergic rhinitis 122(20.9%), gastroesopheal reflux disease (GERD) 114(19.5%), allergic conjunctivitis 86 (14.7%), eczema 82 (14.0%), chronic bronchitis 76 (13.0%). The Asthma Control Test (ACT) scores of elderly asthmatics and non-elderly asthmatics were (18.5±3.2) and (21.7±3.4) respectively. There was a significant difference between the two groups (P=0.042). Of the elderly asthmatics, only 13 (2.2%) patients monitored daily using a peak flow meter. 93 (15.9%) patients aware that asthma was characterized by chronic airway inflammation. 64 (11.0%) asthmatics understood that the treatment goal. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of elderly asthmatics are atypical, especially paroxysmal wheezing. Asthma in elderly people causes more comorbidities and mortality. The self-management and cognitive level of patients with asthma needs to be improved.

16.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 321-325, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392997

RESUMEN

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the most common heart surgery in adults, has been used clinically to relieve the angina and prolong patients life due to myocardial ischemia from coronary artery disease. Although the saphenous vein is still commonly used graft, it is the "golden standard" to bypass the left anterior descending artery with left internal thoracic artery, and more arterial grafts are recommended in young patients for better long term results. On-pump coronary bypass can get the most complete myocardial revascularization but off-pump and minimal invasive coronary bypass are better reserved for the patients who are not-suitable for mid sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass. Good quality control with flow meter during surgery, fast track post-operatively, and intensive anti-platelets therapy along with second prevention may further decrease perioperative mortality and increase long term grafts patency rate. In the field of CABG, more prospective multi-center randomized trials are needed to provide more evidences for clinical questions in order to get the best short-term and long-term results.

17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 350-355, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393001

RESUMEN

Objective: To examine the overall status of the Jiangsu Province Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Registry database. Methods: The patients date of Jiangsu Province Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Registry database from October 2017 to December 2019 was collected retrospectively.Risk factors, history, cardiac function (New York Heart Association class), extent of coronary artery lesion, European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation Ⅱ (EuroSCORE Ⅱ), cardiopulmonary bypss, arterial grafts, the numbers and flow of grafts and postoperative major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event(MACCE) information were analyzed. The clinical data of patients underwent on-pump CABG(ONCABG) or off-pump CABG (OPCAB) were compared by t test or χ(2) test. Results: Up till December 2019, the database enrolled 7 138 patients, in which 4 661 patients receiving primary isolated CABG. There were 3 486 males and 1 175 females with the age of (64.6±8.1) years (range:31 to 87 years). There were coronary left main disease in 960 patients, triple vessel disease in 3 934 patients, both left main and triple vessel disease in 837 patients, ejection fraction>50% in 3 841 patients, cardiac function class Ⅲ to Ⅳ in 1 664 patients. EuroSCORE Ⅱ was (2.3±0.7)% (range: 0.5% to 35.8%). There were 2 731 patients (58.59%) underwent ONCABG and 1 930 patients (41.41%) underwent OPCAB. There were 4 144 patients (88.91%) for whom the left internal thoracic artery was harvested. Seven centers (2 centers routinely) used left radial artery, 5 centers (3 centers routinely) used the transit time flow meter. The graft was 3.4±0.7 (range:1 to 7), the aortic crossclamp time was (65.0±20.4) minutes (range: 21 to 196 minutes), the cardiopulmonary bypass time was (90.0±24.2) minutes (range: 33 to 227 minutes). In-hospital death ocurred in 84 patients(1.80%), while re-operation in 93 patients (2.00%), myocardial infarction in 71 patients (1.52%), cerebral infarction in 33 patients (0.71%) and dialysis in 56 patients (1.20%). There were 2 936 patients prescribed with secondary prevention drugs(62.99%).Comparing with OPCAB group, ONCABG group had younger age, more female, more diabetes mellitus, more history of myocardial infarction and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, poorer cardiac function and coronary lesions, higher EuroSCORE Ⅱ, preoperatively (all P<0.05), and was associated with higher MACCE (135/2 731 vs. 71/1 930, χ(2)=4.280, P=0.039), and of more grafts, transfusion and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation application (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Jiangsu Province Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Registry database is generally in good operation, and some parameters still need to be improved. Comparing with OPCAB group, ONCABG has more severe preoperative general conditions, while the outcomes is acceptable.

18.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 369-374, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393004

RESUMEN

Objective: To examine the efficacy of two surgical procedures on post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm. Methods: The clinic data of 254 patients with post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm, who underwent surgical ventricular reconstruction between January 1997 and December 2019 in Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University was analyzed retrospectively. There were 183 males and 71 females aged from 31 to 81 years, with a median age of 64.6 years. Based on the size of the ventricular aneurysm, there were 73 patient received linear reconstruction (linear group) and 181 patients received endoventricular patch plasty technique (patch plasty group). Ejection fraction, left ventricular systolic and end diastolic volume and left ventricular systolic and end diastolic volume index were recorded preoperatively, 2-week, 3-month, 1-year and 5-year after operation. The survival curves were plotted with Kaplan-Meier method and the survival rates were compared by Log-rank test. Results: All patients underwent surgery with a mean cardiopulmonay bypass duration of (92±32) minutes (44 to 196 minutes) and aortic cross clamp duration of (67±22) minutes (33 to 152 minutes).There were 9 perioperative deaths with a mortality rate of 3.5%. Angina pectoris of other cases are relief and heart function improved greatly. Five years after operation, the percentage of cardiac function (New Yord Heart Association) class Ⅲ to Ⅳ patients decreased from 96.1%(244/254) to 9.9%(16/161). There was no significant difference in survival rate between linear group and patch plasty group at 1-, 3-, 5-years postoperatively (96%, 91%, 77% vs. 96%, 90%, 79%, P=0.562). Ejection fraction increased from (39±10)% (range: 22% to 50%) preoperatively to (46±6)% (range: 39% to 54%) 1-year postoperatively in the linear group, while increased from (38±13)% (range: 26% to 51%) preoperatively to (50±6)% (range: 39% to 55%) in the patch plasty group. Conclusions: Left ventricular reconstruction is quite effective for patients with post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm. The choice of operative approaches is determined by the size and range of ventricular aneurysm. Both linear reconstruction and endoventricular patch plasty technique can got similarly surgical outcomes with near and late curative effect.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 4954-4962, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432758

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of prostaglandin E2 receptor subtypes 1 (EP1) and 2 (EP2) on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by TGF-ß1 in mouse mesangial cells (MCs) and to explore its potential mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse mesangial cells were isolated and cultured. EP-siRNAs were transfected into mesangial cells for silencing EP1 and EP2. Mesangial cell proliferation was assessed by the CCK-8 method. Expression of PGE2 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). GRP78, TRPC1, ERK1/2, and phospho-ERK1/2 levels were examined by Western blot. RESULTS: TGF-ß1 induced mesangial cell proliferation and increased PGE2 secretion. Besides, TGF-ß1 significantly upregulated GRP78 and TRPC1 expression at the protein level. Phospho-ERK1/2 protein amounts were also increased (p<0.05). Compared with the TGF-ß1 group, cell proliferation in the EP1-siRNA+TGF-ß1 group was reduced, while GRP78, TRPC1, and ERK1/2 protein amounts were downregulated (p<0.05). EP1 agonist significantly enhanced above changes and their activities (p<0.05). EP1 antagonist significantly attenuated the above changes (p<0.05). Compared with TGF-ß1 group, cell proliferation in EP2-siRNA+TGF-ß1 group was increased, while GRP78, TRPC1, and ERK1/2 protein amounts were increased (p<0.05). EP2 agonist significantly attenuated the above changes (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EP1 receptor may increase TGF-ß1-induced cell damage by increasing the activities of GRP78, TRPC1, and ERK1/2 via ER stress. Meanwhile, the EP2 receptor may reduce TGF-ß1-induced cell damage by suppressing GRP78, TRPC1, and ERK1/2 activities, also via ER stress. EP1 inhibition and EP2 stimulation may be a therapeutic option for delaying renal fibrosis.

20.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(17): 172301, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412276

RESUMEN

We report on the first measurement of the charmed baryon Λ_{c}^{±} production at midrapidity (|y|<1) in Au+Au collisions at sqrt[s_{NN}]=200 GeV collected by the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The Λ_{c}/D^{0} [denoting (Λ_{c}^{+}+Λ_{c}^{-})/(D^{0}+D[over ¯]^{0})] yield ratio is measured to be 1.08±0.16 (stat)±0.26 (sys) in the 0%-20% most central Au+Au collisions for the transverse momentum (p_{T}) range 3

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