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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36169355

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the effects of systemic immunomodulatory treatments on COVID-19 outcomes in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVE: To investigate COVID-19 outcomes in patients with AD treated with or without systemic immunomodulatory treatments, using a global registry platform. METHODS: Clinicians were encouraged to report cases of COVID-19 in their patients with AD in the Surveillance Epidemiology of Coronavirus Under Research Exclusion for Atopic Dermatitis (SECURE-AD) registry. Data entered from April 1st 2020 to October 31st 2021 were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. The primary outcome was hospitalization from COVID-19, according to AD treatment groups. RESULTS: 442 AD patients (mean age 35.9 years, 51.8% male) from 27 countries with strongly suspected or confirmed COVID-19 were included in analyses. 428 (96.8%) patients were treated with a single systemic therapy (n=297[67.2%]) or topical therapy only (n=131[29.6%]). Most patients treated with systemic therapies received dupilumab (n=216). 14 patients (3.2%) received a combination of systemic therapies. 26 patients (5.9%) were hospitalized. No deaths were reported. Patients treated with topical treatments had significantly higher odds of hospitalization, compared to those treated with dupilumab monotherapy (odds ratio (OR) 4.65[95%CI 1.71-14.78]), including after adjustment for confounding variables (adjusted OR (aOR 4.99[95%CI 1.4-20.84]). Combination systemic therapy which did not include systemic corticosteroids was associated with increased odds of hospitalization, compared to single agent non-steroidal immunosuppressive systemic treatment (OR 8.09[95%CI 0.4-59.96], aOR 37.57[95%CI 1.05-871.11]). Hospitalization was most likely in patients treated with combination systemic therapy which included systemic corticosteroids (OR 40.43[95%CI 8.16-207.49], aOR 45.75[95%CI 4.54-616.22]). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the risk of COVID-19 complications appears low in patients with AD, even when treated with systemic immunomodulatory agents. Dupilumab monotherapy was associated with lower hospitalization than other therapies. Combination systemic treatment, particularly combinations including systemic corticosteroids, was associated with the highest risk of severe COVID-19.

2.
Res Nurs Health ; 45(5): 592-603, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093720

RESUMEN

Parenting influences child development. There is limited research, however, related to parenting children who have developmental disabilities. The aims of this study were to: (1) describe the parenting styles and dimensions of parents of children with developmental disabilities and (2) assess differences in parenting styles and dimensions among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Down syndrome (DS), and spina bifida (SB). Secondary data analysis was conducted from a nationwide cross-sectional study of 496 parents of children aged 5-16 years with ASD (n = 180), DS (n = 156), or SB (n = 160). Parent scores indicated high use of the authoritative parenting style and associated parenting dimensions, mid-to-low use of the permissive parenting style, and low use of the authoritarian parenting style and associated dimensions. Variation in parenting styles and dimensions among parents was primarily related to the child's diagnosis and family income. An unanticipated but positive finding was that parents with lower family incomes had significantly higher scores for the authoritative parenting style. Results from this study can inform future research that might inform clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Responsabilidad Parental , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Discapacidades del Desarrollo , Humanos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2022 Jul 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35802244

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Primary bone lymphoma is a rare type of lymphoid neoplasm with favorable prognosis, where Primary Non Hodgkin Lymphoma of bone (PB-NHL) is most common with the subtype. Amongst PB-NHL, diffuse large Bcell lymphoma represents the majority of cases. The mandible is a very uncommon site of involvement, presenting as a painful bone mass with high suspicion of osteomyelitis. METHODS: We report the case of a 45-year-old male with no significant past medical history who was admitted to the hospital with a large right jaw mass and pain after recent tooth removal. The original tissue biopsy was not diagnostic, and cultures were found to be negative for microorganisms. Due to enlargement of the mass, a fine needle aspiration (FNA) was done. At the time of rapid onsite evaluation of the FNA, atypical lymphoid cells were seen, and material was obtained for flow cytometry (FC) evaluation. This revealed an aberrant clonal B-cell population. The consequent immunohistochemical evaluation of original material supported the diagnosis of PB-NHL. After chemotherapy patient improved. RESULTS: After an extensive English language literature review, we identified and summarized the clinical presentations, diagnostic procedures, histopathologic features, treatment methods, and outcomes of forty-two cases of periodontal PB-NHL. Based on our findings, we propose a set of clinical features at initial presentation to increase the clinical suspicion of periodontal PB-NHL for practitioners. CONCLUSION: Based on our institution's experience and the literature review conclusions, we propose the University of Texas Medical Branch diagnostic approach for PB-NHL and suggest that FNA and FC should be utilized as the essential diagnostic component. The fast and efficient diagnosis of PB-NHL can facilitate the correct treatment and sufficiently improve patient care.

4.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 40(7): 480-487, 2022 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793511

RESUMEN

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by high concentration of nitric oxide leading to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS), a condition known as nitrosative stress. ROS and RNS produce the inhibition of the mitochondrial electron transport chain leading to mitochondrial dysfunction, reduction of adenosine triphosphate, and death of neurons, producing severe and irreversible damage in the central nervous system of people with MS (PwMS). Current drug treatments for MS focus on the regulation of immune response in acute stages of disease, but they do not regulate nitrosative stress which is present in the acute and chronic stages of disease. Previously, our laboratory showed that photobiomodulation (PBM) on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis mice, the animal model of MS, reduced clinical severity of disease, gene expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and the levels of nitrite in in vivo and in vitro experiments. Objective: We evaluated the effect of PBM on the regulation of nitrosative stress in PwMS. Methods: PBM was applied on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from PwMS to evaluate PBM on the regulation of nitrate as a marker of nitrosative stress. Results: PBM at 830 nm (10 J/cm2 at 72 h) reduced the levels of nitrite and this reduction was in relationship with the increase of interleukin-10 and the reduction of interferon-γ produced by the PBMCs regardless of the severity of disease present in the participants. Conclusions: PBM at 830 nm can potentially be used to reduce nitrosative stress at any point of disease in PwMS.


Asunto(s)
Esclerosis Múltiple , Nitritos , Animales , Humanos , Leucocitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Ratones , Esclerosis Múltiple/radioterapia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Nitritos/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805342

RESUMEN

The purpose of this secondary analysis was to assess whether students' use of stand-biased desks during the school day influenced physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) during the afterschool period. By using a crossover design consisting of two 9-week intervention periods, 99 participants from grades 3, 4, and 6 were randomly assigned by their teacher to either a traditional (Group 1; sit-stand) or stand-biased (Group 2; stand-sit) desk in the classroom. The desk type then switched between intervention periods. Afterschool PA and SB were measured by accelerometry at baseline (fall) and following both intervention periods at post I (winter) and post II (spring). Independent sample t-tests and mixed-effects modeling were applied at a significance value of p < 0.05 to detect differences between groups. No significant differences in afterschool SB, light-intensity PA (LPA), or moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) were found between groups. There were also no significant two- or three-way interaction effects detected between desk assignment, time, and afterschool SB, LPA, or MVPA. Stand-biased desks in the classroom were not detrimental to children's afterschool PA and SB.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Infantil , Ejercicio Físico , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Diseño Interior y Mobiliario , Masculino , Conducta Sedentaria , Factores Sexuales , Sedestación , Posición de Pie
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565079

RESUMEN

Background: There is emerging literature that standing desk interventions may help to improve cognitive performance in school-aged children. The current study examines how desks that promote standing affect cognition over the course of a school year in third, fourth, and sixth graders. Methods: Nighty-nine students between the ages of 8 and 12 (M = 10.23; 58% Male) were assigned to either stand-biased desks or traditional sitting desks. A within-classroom design was used with students switching desks after 9 weeks. Cognitive assessments and teacher behavioral ratings were administered at baseline and readministered before students switched desks and at the conclusion of the study. Results: There were no significant effects on cognition or behavioral ratings from standing-biased desk intervention. Grade significantly moderated the relationship between stand-biased desks and cognition in that third graders showed increased cognitive control (p = 0.02, f2 = 0.06). Further, sex moderated the relationship in that females at stand-biased desks showed increased cognitive control (p = 0.03, f2 = 0.04). Conclusions: These results suggest that stand-biased desks impact cognition depending on grade and sex, indicating a complex relationship that should be teased out further in future research. Stand-biased desks showed moderate improvements in cognition and no deleterious effects, suggesting that they may be a helpful classroom intervention for children in elementary school.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Sedentaria , Sedestación , Niño , Cognición , Estudios Cruzados , Femenino , Humanos , Diseño Interior y Mobiliario , Masculino , Estudiantes , Lugar de Trabajo
8.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 40(4): 234-244, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35452300

RESUMEN

Background: Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy was previously shown to reduce the clinical severity of disease and modulated pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). Objective: Previous observations were extended to determine the effect of PBM therapy on peripheral blood mononuclear cells and CD4+ T cells isolated from persons with MS (PwMS) and healthy donors. Methods: Using an in vitro cell culture system, isolated cells were activated and treated with red or near-infrared light wavelengths to determine the effect of PBM on the production of interferon gamma and interleukin-10 (IL-10). Results: PBM modulated cytokine production in MS subjects and healthy donors in a dose- and wavelength-dependent manner, with MS subjects and healthy donors responding differently to administered light. In addition, disease severity affected the response of immune cells, for instance, 670 nm increased IL-10 production associated with increased disease severity. Conclusions: The data show that PBM therapy has the potential to modulate pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in PwMS over the course of disease. Further experiments applying PBM treatment directly on patients should be carried out with extreme caution to avoid severe imbalance in the immune response.


Asunto(s)
Interleucina-10 , Esclerosis Múltiple , Animales , Antiinflamatorios , Citocinas , Humanos , Interferón gamma , Leucocitos Mononucleares , Esclerosis Múltiple/radioterapia
9.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2022 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476134

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The impact of low body-mass-index at treatment initiation on rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis treatment outcomes is uncertain. We evaluated the association between body-mass-index at rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis treatment initiation and end-of-treatment outcomes, and its modifying factors. METHODS: We did an individual participant data meta-analysis of adults ≥18 years with rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis whose body-mass-index was documented at treatment initiation. We compared odds of any unfavorable treatment outcome, mortality, or failure/recurrence between patients who were underweight (body-mass-index <18.5 kg/m2) and not underweight. Adjusted odds ratios and 95%CI were estimated using logistic regression, with matching on demographic, clinical, and treatment-related factors. We evaluated effect modification by HIV-infection and other variables using likelihood ratio tests. In secondary analysis, we estimated cumulative incidence of mortality during treatment, stratified by HIV-infection. RESULTS: Overall, 5148 patients were included; 1702 (33%) were underweight at treatment initiation. The median (IQR) age was 37 years (29 to 47) and 455 (9%) were living with HIV. Compared to non-underweight patients, the adjusted odds ratio among underweight patients was 1.7 (95%CI 1.4-1.9) for any unfavorable outcome, 3.1 (2.4-3.9) for death, and 1.6 (1.2-2.0) for failure/recurrence. Significant effect modification was observed for WHO region where the participant was treated. Among patients without HIV, cumulative incidence of 24-month mortality 14.8% (95%CI 12.7%-17.3%) for underweight and 5.6% (4.5%-7.0%) for not underweight patients. Among patients living with HIV, corresponding values were 33.0% (25.6%-42.6%) and 20.9% (14.1%-27.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Low body-mass-index at treatment initiation for rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis is associated with increased odds of unfavorable treatment outcome, particularly mortality.

10.
Res Gerontol Nurs ; 15(3): 131-139, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417271

RESUMEN

Limited physical activity, sedentary behavior, and reduction in muscle mass, strength, and function are accompanied by negative outcomes. The relationship between these factors and physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has yet to be elucidated in continuing care retirement community (CCRC) residents. The current study investigated the relationships among physical activity, sedentary behavior, and muscle mass, strength, and function to physical and mental HRQoL. A sample of 105 CCRC residents participated in this cross-sectional correlational study. Findings demonstrated that low physical activity and muscle function were significantly associated with low physical HRQoL and explained 38% of the variance in physical HRQoL. Handgrip strength was significantly associated with low mental HRQoL and explained 8% of the variance in mental HRQoL. Older adults living in CCRCs may benefit from interventions targeting physical activity and the distinct muscle components of sarcopenia that have the potential to improve physical and mental HRQoL. [Research in Gerontological Nursing, 15(3), 131-139.].


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Conducta Sedentaria , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Ejercicio Físico , Fuerza de la Mano/fisiología , Humanos , Músculos
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 1562, 2022 03 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35322020

RESUMEN

Protein synthesis is a cyclical process consisting of translation initiation, elongation, termination and ribosome recycling. The release factors SBDS and EFL1-both mutated in the leukemia predisposition disorder Shwachman-Diamond syndrome - license entry of nascent 60S ribosomal subunits into active translation by evicting the anti-association factor eIF6 from the 60S intersubunit face. We find that in mammalian cells, eIF6 holds all free cytoplasmic 60S subunits in a translationally inactive state and that SBDS and EFL1 are the minimal components required to recycle these 60S subunits back into additional rounds of translation by evicting eIF6. Increasing the dose of eIF6 in mice in vivo impairs terminal erythropoiesis by sequestering post-termination 60S subunits in the cytoplasm, disrupting subunit joining and attenuating global protein synthesis. These data reveal that ribosome maturation and recycling are dynamically coupled by a mechanism that is disrupted in an inherited leukemia predisposition disorder.


Asunto(s)
Leucemia , Proteínas , Animales , Leucemia/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Ratones , Proteínas/metabolismo , Subunidades Ribosómicas Grandes de Eucariotas/genética , Subunidades Ribosómicas Grandes de Eucariotas/metabolismo , Ribosomas/genética , Ribosomas/metabolismo , Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond
12.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 95(6): 1279-1291, 2022 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35064838

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the course and correlates of psychological distress in frontline healthcare workers (FHCWs) during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City (NYC). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of FHCWs at the Mount Sinai Hospital was conducted during the initial 2020 surge (T1) and 7 months later (T2). Psychological distress [i.e., positive screen for pandemic-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and/or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)], occupational and personal exposures to COVID-19, coping strategies, and psychosocial characteristics were assessed. Four courses of psychological distress response were identified: no/minimal, remitted, persistent, and new-onset. Multinomial logistic regression and relative importance analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with courses of distress. RESULTS: Of 786 FHCWs, 126 (16.0%) FHCWs had persistent distress; 150 (19.1%) remitted distress; 35 (4.5%) new-onset distress; and 475 (60.4%) no/minimal distress. Relative to FHCWs with no/minimal distress, those with persistent distress reported greater relationship worries [19.8% relative variance explained (RVE)], pre-pandemic burnout (18.7% RVE), lower dispositional optimism (9.8% RVE), less emotional support (8.6% RVE), and feeling less valued by hospital leadership (8.4% RVE). Relative to FHCWs with remitted symptoms, those with persistent distress reported less emotional support (29.7% RVE), fewer years in practice (28.3% RVE), and psychiatric history (23.6% RVE). CONCLUSIONS: One-fifth of FHCWs in our study experienced psychological distress 7 months following the COVID-19 surge in NYC. Pandemic-related worries, pre-pandemic burnout, emotional support, and feeling valued by leaders were linked to persistent distress. Implications for prevention, treatment, and organizational efforts to mitigate distress in FHCWs are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Humanos , Ciudad de Nueva York/epidemiología , Pandemias , Estudios Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
14.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 48, 2022 01 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022022

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite the known benefits of non-sedentary behavior, physical activity, and protein and caloric intake to health and muscle mass, strength, and function, many older adults do not meet physical activity and dietary recommendations. A better understanding of the factors associated with sedentary behavior, physical activity and dietary self-management behaviors, and muscle outcomes (muscle mass, strength, and function) is needed, particularly among continuing care retirement community residents. The objective of this study was to examine the factors associated with sedentary behavior, physical activity and dietary self-management behaviors, and muscle outcomes among continuing care retirement community residents. It also aimed to determine whether sedentary behavior and physical activity and dietary self-management behaviors mediate the relationships between self-efficacy, goal congruence, aging expectations, social support, and muscle outcomes. METHODS: A sample of 105 continuing care retirement community residents (age > 70 years) participated in this correlational, cross-sectional study. Questionnaires on pain, self-efficacy, goal congruence, aging expectation, social support, and daily protein and caloric intake were administered. Physical activity and sedentary behavior (ActiGraph wGT3X-BT), muscle mass (ImpediMed SFB7), muscle strength (Jamar Smart Digital Hand Dynamometer), and muscle function (Short Physical Performance Battery) were measured. Multiple regression, logistic regression, and mediation analyses were performed. RESULTS: Low goal congruence predicted engagement in sedentary behavior and light physical activity. Higher levels of self-efficacy and social support were associated with increased likelihoods of achieving greater moderate physical activity and meeting daily recommendations for caloric intake, respectively. Self-efficacy and goal congruence predicted muscle function and strength. Moreover, sedentary behavior and achieving greater moderate physical activity were found to partially but significantly mediate the relationship between self-efficacy and muscle function. CONCLUSION: Future research should evaluate whether attempts to reduce sedentary behavior and promote physical activity and dietary self-management behaviors and muscle outcomes are more successful when modifications to the self-management process factors are also targeted.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Sedentaria , Automanejo , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Ejercicio Físico , Humanos , Músculos , Jubilación
15.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 36(3): 373-379, 2022 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779053

RESUMEN

The association between vitiligo and hearing loss has been noted but the specific frequencies and degrees of hearing impairment remain unclear. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between vitiligo and hearing thresholds at various specific frequencies. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We searched MEDLINE and Embase for relevant studies from inception to 10th April 2021. Case-control studies, cross-sectional, or cohort studies that compared the frequency-specific hearing thresholds between vitiligo patients and age-matched non-vitiligo controls were included. There were neither language nor geographic limitations. We used the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale to assess the risk of bias of included studies. The DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model was utilized in meta-analyses due to expected clinical heterogeneity. We included 9 case-control studies with 371 vitiligo patients and 349 controls, which were rated with low or unclear risk. We found neither relevant cross-sectional nor cohort studies. The meta-analysis showed that when compared with controls, vitiligo patients had significantly higher pure-tone hearing thresholds at 2000, 4000, and 8000 Hz. In conclusions, vitiligo patients are prone to high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss.


Asunto(s)
Sordera , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural , Vitíligo , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Transversales , Sordera/complicaciones , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/complicaciones , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/epidemiología , Humanos , Vitíligo/complicaciones , Vitíligo/epidemiología
16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(16): 162001, 2021 Oct 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723614

RESUMEN

Studying spin-momentum correlations in hadronic collisions offers a glimpse into a three-dimensional picture of proton structure. The transverse single-spin asymmetry for midrapidity isolated direct photons in p^{↑}+p collisions at sqrt[s]=200 GeV is measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Because direct photons in particular are produced from the hard scattering and do not interact via the strong force, this measurement is a clean probe of initial-state spin-momentum correlations inside the proton and is in particular sensitive to gluon interference effects within the proton. This is the first time direct photons have been used as a probe of spin-momentum correlations at RHIC. The uncertainties on the results are a 50-fold improvement with respect to those of the one prior measurement for the same observable, from the Fermilab E704 experiment. These results constrain gluon spin-momentum correlations in transversely polarized protons.

19.
J Meas Phys Behav ; 4(1): 68-78, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355136

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy and precision of a hip-worn accelerometer to predict energy cost during structured activities across motor performance and disease conditions. METHODS: 118 adults self-identifying as healthy (n = 44) and those with arthritis (n = 23), multiple sclerosis (n = 18), Parkinson's disease (n = 17), and stroke (n =18) underwent measures of motor performance and were categorized into groups: Group 1, usual; Group 2, moderate impairment; and Group 3, severe impairment. The participants completed structured activities while wearing an accelerometer and a portable metabolic measurement system. Accelerometer-predicted energy cost (metabolic equivalent of tasks [METs]) were compared with measured METs and evaluated across functional impairment and disease conditions. Statistical significance was assessed using linear mixed effect models and Bayesian information criteria to assess model fit. RESULTS: All activities' accelerometer counts per minute (CPM) were 29.5-72.6% less for those with disease compared with those who were healthy. The predicted MET bias was similar across disease, -0.49 (-0.71, -0.27) for arthritis, -0.38 (-0.53, -0.22) for healthy, -0.44 (-0.68, -0.20) for MS, -0.34 (-0.58, -0.09) for Parkinson's, and -0.30 (-0.54, -0.06) for stroke. For functional impairment, there was a graded reduction in CPM for all activities: Group 1, 1,215 CPM (1,129, 1,301); Group 2, 789 CPM (695, 884); and Group 3, 343 CPM (220, 466). The predicted MET bias revealed similar results across the Group 1, -0.37 METs (-0.52, -0.23); Group 2, -0.44 METs (-0.60, -0.28); and Group 3, -0.33 METs (-0.55, -0.13). The Bayesian information criteria showed a better model fit for functional impairment compared with disease condition. CONCLUSION: Using functionality to improve accelerometer calibration could decrease variability and warrants further exploration to improve accelerometer prediction of physical activity.

20.
J Meas Phys Behav ; 4(1): 47-52, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337345

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the convergent validity of body worn wearable camera (WC) still-images (IMGs) for determining posture compared with activPAL (AP) classifications. METHODS: Participants (n=16, mean age 46.7±23.8yrs, 9F) wore an Autographer WC above the xyphoid process and an AP during three, 2hr free-living visits. IMGs were captured on average 8.47 seconds apart and were annotated with output consisting of events, transitory states, unknown and gaps. Events were annotations that matched AP classifications (sit, stand and move) consisting of at least 3 IMGs, transitory states were posture annotations fewer than 3 IMGs, unknown were IMGs that could not be accurately classified, and gaps were time between annotations. For analyses, annotation and AP output were converted to one-sec epochs and matched second-by-second. Total and average length of visits and events are reported in minutes. Bias and 95% CIs for event posture times from IMGs to AP posture times were calculated to determine accuracy and precision. Confusion matrices using total AP posture times were computed to determine misclassification. RESULTS: 43 visits were analyzed with a total visit and event time of 5027.73 and 4237.23 minutes and average visit and event lengths being 116.92 and 98.54 minutes, respectively. Bias was not statistically significant for sitting but significant for standing and movement (0.84, -6.87 and 6.04 minutes). From confusion matrices, IMGs correctly classified sitting, standing and movement 85.69%, 54.87%, and 69.41% of total AP time, respectively. CONCLUSION: WC IMGs provide a good estimation of overall sitting time but underestimate standing and overestimate movement time. Future work is warranted to improve posture classifications and examine IMG accuracy and precision in assessing activity type behaviors.

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