Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 278
Filtrar
1.
Cardiol J ; 2020 Jul 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710794

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate acute injuries of the radial artery (RA) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients who underwent coronary intervention via the snuffbox approach. METHODS: Forty-six patients, who underwent coronary intervention and assessment of the conventional RA using OCT via the snuffbox approach, were enrolled from two university hospitals between August 2018 and August 2019. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 65.1 years. In this study population, 6-French (Fr) sheaths were used. The mean diameter of the conventional RA was 2.89 ± 0.33 mm, and the mean lumen area of the conventional RA was 6.68 ± 1.56 mm². Acute injuries of the conventional RA, after the snuffbox approach, were observed in 5 (10.9%) patients. Intimal tear was observed in the RA in 1 (2.2%) case. Intraluminal thrombi, without vessel injuries, were detected in the RA in 4 (8.7%) cases. However, medial dissection was not observed in the OCT analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective OCT-based study showed that the diameter of the conventional RA was 2.89 mm and acute vessel injury of the conventional RA was rare in patients who underwent coronary intervention via the snuffbox approach.

3.
J Hypertens ; 38(8): 1559-1566, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618882

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The main objective is to assess the appropriate level of achieved SBP and DBP to prevent cardiovascular events. METHODS: We used the National Sample Cohort from the National Health Insurance Service in Korea and analyzed data of 44 462 hypertensive patients aged 20--84 years. Achieved SBP and DBP were categorized according to average achieved SBP (<120, 120-129, 130-139, 140-149, and ≥150 mmHg) and DBP (<70, 70-79, 80-89, 90-99, and ≥100 mmHg). We examined the association between achieved BP and composite outcome including cardiovascular death, admission of stroke, myocardial infarction, or heart failure, and all-caused death in elderly aged more than 65 years and in younger patients. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 6.8 years, achieved SBP less than 120 mmHg and at least 150 mmHg in elderly and younger patients, respectively, were significantly associated with a higher risk of composite outcome than achieved SBP of 120-129 mmHg. Cox's proportional hazard analysis showed that the association between achieved SBP and risk of composite outcome and all-cause death had U-shaped relationships and identified a nadir of SBP of 135.6 and 128.9 mmHg, respectively, for composite outcome and 135.1 and 131.4 mmHg, respectively, for all-cause death in elderly and younger patients. CONCLUSION: Compared with SBP of 120-129 mmHg, not only low achieved SBP of less than 120 mmHg but also high BP are associated with risk of adverse cardiovascular event and all-cause death in both elderly and younger patients with a distinct U-shaped relationship.

4.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235673, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645029

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare clinical outcomes between bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) and durable polymer everolimus-eluting metallic stents (DP-EES) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From March 2016 to October 2017, 952 patients with AMI without cardiogenic shock undergoing successful PCI with BRS (n = 136) or DP-EES (n = 816) were enrolled from a multicenter, observational Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry. RESULTS: In the crude population, there was no significant difference in the 1-year rate of device-oriented composite endpoint (DOCE) and device thrombosis between the BRS and DP-EES groups (2.2% vs. 4.8%, hazard ratio [HR] 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.13-1.41, p = 0.163; 0.7% vs. 0.5%, HR 1.49, 95% CI 0.16-13.4, p = 0.719, respectively). BRS implantation was opted in younger patients (53.7 vs. 62.6 years, p < 0.001) with low-risk profiles, and intravascular image-guided PCI was more preferred in the BRS group (60.3% vs. 27.2%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: At 1-year follow-up, no differences in the rate of DOCE and device thrombosis were observed between patients with AMI treated with BRS and those treated with DP-EES. Our data suggest that imaging-guided BRS implantation in young patients with low risk profiles could be a reasonable strategy in the setting of AMI.

5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Jun 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588127

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of beta-blockers according to NP levels and HF phenotypes because natriuretic peptide (NP) level can be used to risk-stratify HF patients regardless of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: Of 5,625 patients in the Korean acute heart failure registry, we included patients with LVEF and NP levels. HF phenotypes were defined as HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (EF ≤ 40%), HF with midrange ejection fraction (HFmrEF) (40% < EF < 50%), and HF with preserved EF (HFpEF) (EF ≥ 50%). Patients were further stratified by NP tertiles. Primary outcome was 5-year all-cause mortality according to beta-blocker use at discharge. RESULTS: Both B-type NP (BNP) (r = -0.279, P < 0.001) and N-terminal pro-BNP (r = -0.186, P < 0.001) levels correlated inversely with LVEF. During a median follow-up duration of 961 days, 1560 (35.3%) patients died. In HFrEF, patients taking beta-blockers showed better survival regardless of NP levels. Regarding HFmrEF, there was no mortality difference between those taking and not taking beta-blockers. In HFpEF, beta-blocker use demonstrated lower mortality in those in the 3rd NP tertile (log-rank P = 0.041) but not in those in the 1st and 2nd NP tertiles (log-rank P > 0.05). After adjusting covariates, the use of beta-blockers was associated with a 38%-reduced mortality (hazard ratio: 0.62; 95% confidence interval: 0.39-0.98; P = 0.040) in HFpEF patients in the 3rd NP tertile but not in those in 1st and 2nd tertiles. CONCLUSIONS: We confirm that the use of beta-blockers is beneficial in patients with HFrEF. Furthermore, we extend the benefits of beta-blockers to patients with HFpEF and high NP levels. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT01389843 URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01389843.

6.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2020 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380800

RESUMEN

Background/Aims: This study investigated the prognostic power of corrected QT (QTc) interval in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) according to sex. Methods: We analyzed multicenter Korean Acute Heart Failure registry with patients with AHF admitted from 2011 to 2014. Among them, we analyzed 4,990 patients who were followed up to 5 years. Regarding QTc interval based on 12 lead electrocardiogram, patients were classified into quartiles according to sex. Results: During follow-up with median 43.7 months, 2,243 (44.9%) patients died. The relationship between corrected QT interval and all-cause mortality followed a J-curve relationship. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, both sex had lowest mortality in the second QTc quartile. There were significant prognostic differences between the second and the fourth quartiles in male (log-rank p = 0.002), but not in female (log-rank p = 0.338). After adjusting covariates, the third (hazard ratio [HR], 1.185; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.001 to 1.404; p = 0.049) and the fourth (HR, 1.404; 95% CI, 1.091 to 1.535; p = 0.003) quartiles demonstrated increased risk of mortality compared to the second quartile in male. In female, however, there was no significant difference across quartiles. QTc interval was associated with 5-year all-cause mortality in J-shape with nadir of 440 to 450 ms in male and 470 to 480 ms in female. Conclusions: QTc interval was an independent predictor of overall death in male, but its significance decreased in female. The relationship between QTc interval and all-cause mortality was J-shaped in both sex.

7.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 49, 2020 05 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359358

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although more than one-third of the patients with acute heart failure (AHF) have diabetes mellitus (DM), it is unclear if DM has an adverse impact on clinical outcomes. This study compared the outcomes in patients hospitalized for AHF stratified by DM and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: The Korean Acute Heart Failure registry prospectively enrolled and followed 5625 patients from March 2011 to February 2019. The primary endpoints were in-hospital and overall all-cause mortality. We evaluated the impact of DM on these endpoints according to HF subtypes and glycemic control. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 3.5 years, there were 235 (4.4%) in-hospital mortalities and 2500 (46.3%) overall mortalities. DM was significantly associated with increased overall mortality after adjusting for potential confounders (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-1.22). In the subgroup analysis, DM was associated with higher a risk of overall mortality in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) only (adjusted HR 1.14, 95% CI 1.02-1.27). Inadequate glycemic control (HbA1c ≥ 7.0% within 1 year after discharge) was significantly associated with a higher risk of overall mortality compared with adequate glycemic control (HbA1c < 7.0%) (44.0% vs. 36.8%, log-rank p = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: DM is associated with a higher risk of overall mortality in AHF, especially HFrEF. Well-controlled diabetes (HbA1c < 7.0%) is associated with a lower risk of overall mortality compared to uncontrolled diabetes. Trial registration ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT01389843. Registered July 6, 2011. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01389843.

8.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 50(5): e13232, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294249

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although the impact of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) on heart failure (HF) is evolving, there is uncertainty about the role of IHD in determining the risk of clinical outcomes by gender. This study evaluated the gender difference in the impact of IHD on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS: Study data were obtained from a nationwide registry, which is a prospective multicentre cohort that included 3200 patients who were hospitalized for HF. A total of 1638 patients with HFrEF were classified by gender. The primary outcome was all-cause death during follow-up. RESULTS: In total, 133 women (18.9%) died and 168 men (18.0%) died during the follow-up (median, 489 days). Women with HFrEF with IHD had a significantly lower cumulative survival rate than women without IHD at the long-term follow-up (74.8% vs 84.9%, log-rank P = .001). However, the survival rate was not different in men with HFrEF with IHD compared with men without IHD. A Cox regression analysis showed that IHD had a 1.43-fold increased risk for all-cause mortality independently in women after adjusting for confounding factors (odds ratio 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.058-1.929, P = .020). CONCLUSION: Ischaemic heart disease was an independent risk factor for long-term mortality in women with HFrEF. IHD should be actively evaluated in women with HF for predicting clinical outcomes and initiating appropriate treatment. Women with HF caused by IHD should be treated more meticulously to avoid a poor prognosis.

10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289158

RESUMEN

AIMS: This observational study aimed to investigate the association between beta-blocker therapy and clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), especially with mid-range or preserved left ventricular systolic function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 13,624 patients enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH), 12,200 in-hospital survivors were selected. Patients with beta-blockers showed significantly lower 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which was a composite of cardiac death, MI, revascularization and readmission due to heart failure (9.7 vs. 14.3/100 patient-year; hazard ratio [HR] 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.72-0.97; P=0.022). However, this association had a significant interaction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Beta-blocker therapy at discharge was associated with lower 1-year MACE in patients with LVEF ≤40% (HR 0.63; 95% CI 0.48-0.81; P<0.001), and 40%

11.
Korean Circ J ; 2020 Feb 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281319

RESUMEN

Leaving behind substantial reflections or skepticisms on the shortage of evidences about blood pressure (BP) thresholds for antihypertensive drug therapy and target BPs, major hypertensive guidelines including Korean hypertension guidelines were recently updated for earlier and more intensive control of BP. Because hypertension is one of the major risk factors for death, stroke, cardiovascular (CV) disease, heart failure, and cognitive impairment, substantial improvement of hypertension management is necessary to reduce disease and socioeconomic burdens and to promote CV health. Theoretically, earlier intervention in terms of age and BP level and thorough control of BP into within normal range would prevent or delay major adverse CV events. Revised hypertension guidelines were developed by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association, Korean Society of Hypertension, European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension, and Japanese Society of Hypertension in order. In this article, recent updates and clinical significances of the Korean hypertension guidelines will be discussed with comparison of foreign hypertension guidelines and considerable changes in the management of hypertension will be introduced for cardiologists and general practitioners.

12.
Artículo en Español | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51862

RESUMEN

[RESUMEN]. La Comisión Lancet de Hipertensión determinó que una medida clave para responder a la carga mundial que representa la hipertensión arterial era mejorar la calidad de las mediciones de la presión arterial, mediante la utilización de dispositivos cuya exactitud haya sido validada. En la actualidad existen 3000 dispositivos comercializados, pero muchos no tienen datos publicados sobre pruebas de exactitud conformes a las normas científicas establecidas. La falta de regulación o su ineficiencia, que permiten la autorización de dispositivos para uso comercial sin una validación oficial, posibilitan este problema. Además, han surgido tecnologías nuevas de medición de la presión arterial (por ejemplo, los sensores sin brazalete) sobre las cuales no existe unanimidad en la comunidad científica con respecto a las normas de exactitud de la medición. En conjunto, estos aspectos contribuyen a la disponibilidad generalizada de tensiómetros de consultorio o domiciliarios que ofrecen una exactitud limitada o incierta, que llevan a diagnósticos, manejo y farmacoterapia inapropiados de la hipertensión a escala mundial. Los problemas más importantes relacionados con la exactitud de los dispositivos de medición de la presión arterial se pueden resolver mediante el requisito regulatorio de una validación independiente obligatoria de los dispositivos, en consonancia con la norma ISO universalmente aceptada. Esta es una recomendación básica y constituye una necesidad internacional acuciante. Otras recomendaciones clave son la elaboración de normas de validación específicas para las tecnologías nuevas de medición de la presión arterial y la publicación en línea de listas de los dispositivos nuevos exactos que están a la disposición de los usuarios y los profesionales de salud. Las recomendaciones están en consonancia con las políticas de la Organización Mundial de la Salud sobre los dispositivos médicos y la atención universal de la salud. El cumplimiento de las recomendaciones aumentará la disponibilidad mundial de dispositivos de medición de la presión arterial que sean exactos y tendrá como efecto un mejor diagnóstico y tratamiento, reduciendo así la carga mundial de la hipertensión.


[ABSTRACT]. The Lancet Commission on Hypertension identified that a key action to address the worldwide burden of high blood pressure (BP) was to improve the quality of BP measurements by using BP devices that have been validated for accuracy. Currently, there are over 3 000 commercially available BP devices, but many do not have published data on accuracy testing according to established scientific standards. This problem is enabled through weak or absent regulations that allow clearance of devices for commercial use without formal validation. In addition, new BP technologies have emerged (e.g. cuffless sensors) for which there is no scientific consensus regarding BP measurement accuracy standards. Altogether, these issues contribute to the widespread availability of clinic and home BP devices with limited or uncertain accuracy, leading to inappropriate hypertension diagnosis, management and drug treatment on a global scale. The most significant problems relating to the accuracy of BP devices can be resolved by the regulatory requirement for mandatory independent validation of BP devices according to the universally-accepted International Organization for Standardization Standard. This is a primary recommendation for which there is an urgent international need. Other key recommendations are development of validation standards specifically for new BP technologies and online lists of accurate devices that are accessible to consumers and health professionals. Recommendations are aligned with WHO policies on medical devices and universal healthcare. Adherence to recommendations would increase the global availability of accurate BP devices and result in better diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, thus decreasing the worldwide burden from high BP.


[RESUMO]. A Comissão Lancet sobre Hipertensão Arterial identificou que uma iniciativa central para enfrentar a carga mundial da hipertensão arterial seria a melhoria na qualidade da mensuração da pressão arterial pelo uso aparelhos de pressão arterial validados quanto à acurácia. Atualmente, existem mais de 3 000 aparelhos de pressão arterial disponíveis comercialmente; entretanto, muitos não têm dados publicados sobre testes de acurácia realizados de acordo com padrões científicos estabelecidos. Este problema resulta de regulamentação fraca ou inexistente, o que permite a aprovação para uso comercial de dispositivos sem validação formal. Além disso, surgiram novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial (por exemplo, sensores sem algemas) sem consenso científico quanto aos padrões de acurácia. No conjunto, essas questões contribuem para a oferta generalizada de dispositivos de pressão arterial clínica e domiciliar com acurácia limitada ou incerta, levando a diagnóstico, gerenciamento e tratamento inadequados da hipertensão em escala global. Os problemas mais significativos relacionados com a acurácia dos dispositivos de pressão arterial podem ser resolvidos por regulamentação que imponha a obrigatoriedade de validação independente dos aparelhos de pressão arterial, de acordo com a norma universalmente aceita pela Organização Internacional de Normalização. Esta é uma recomendação fundamental para a qual existe uma necessidade internacional urgente. Outras recomendações essenciais incluem o desenvolvimento de padrões de validação especificamente para novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial e listas on-line de aparelhos com acurácia adequada que sejam acessíveis aos consumidores e profissionais de saúde. As recomendações estão alinhadas com as políticas da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) sobre dispositivos médicos e atenção universal à saúde. A adesão às recomendações aumentaria a oferta global de dispositivos de pressão arterial com acurácia adequada e resultaria em melhor diagnóstico e tratamento da hipertensão arterial, diminuindo assim a carga mundial dessa doença.


Asunto(s)
Salud Global , Tecnología Biomédica , Estándares de Referencia , Equipo para Diagnóstico , Salud Global , Tecnología Biomédica , Estándares de Referencia , Equipo para Diagnóstico , Salud Global , Tecnología Biomédica , Estándares de Referencia , Equipo para Diagnóstico
13.
BMJ Open ; 10(2): e030514, 2020 02 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034017

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: Guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors and beta-blockers has improved survival in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). As clinical trials usually do not include very old patients, it is unknown whether the results from clinical trials are applicable to elderly patients with HF. This study was performed to investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment strategies for elderly patients with HFrEF in a large prospective cohort. SETTING: The Korean Acute Heart Failure (KorAHF) registry consecutively enrolled 5625 patients hospitalised for acute HF from 10 tertiary university hospitals in Korea. PARTICIPANTS: In this study, 2045 patients with HFrEF who were aged 65 years or older were included from the KorAHF registry. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASUREMENT: All-cause mortality data were obtained from medical records, national insurance data or national death records. RESULTS: Both beta-blockers and RAS inhibitors were used in 892 (43.8%) patients (GDMT group), beta-blockers only in 228 (11.1%) patients, RAS inhibitors only in 642 (31.5%) patients and neither beta-blockers nor RAS inhibitors in 283 (13.6%) patients (no GDMT group). With increasing age, the GDMT rate decreased, which was mainly attributed to the decreased prescription of beta-blockers. In multivariate analysis, GDMT was associated with a 53% reduced risk of all-cause mortality (HR 0.47, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.57) compared with no GDMT. Use of beta-blockers only (HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.45 to 0.73) and RAS inhibitors only (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.71) was also associated with reduced risk. In a subgroup of very elderly patients (aged ≥80 years), the GDMT group had the lowest mortality. CONCLUSIONS: GDMT was associated with reduced 3-year all-cause mortality in elderly and very elderly HFrEF patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01389843.

14.
Cardiol J ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104902

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Elevation of soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) is associated with cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy. Under investigation herein, was whether sST2 level is associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and left ventricular (LV) remodeling after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: In total, this study included 184 patients who underwent successful primary PCI. A subsequent guideline-based medical follow-up was included (61.4 ± 11.8 years old, 85% male, 21% with Killip class ≥ Ⅰ). sST2 concentration correlations with echocardiographic, angiographic, laboratory parameters, and clinical outcomes in STEMI patients were evaluated. RESULTS: The median sST2 level was 60.3 ng/mL; 6 (3.2%) deaths occurred within 1 year. The sST2 level correlated with LV ejection fraction (EF) changes from baseline to 6 months (r= -0.273; p = 0.006) after adjustment for echocardiographic parameters including wall motions score index (WMSI). Recovery of LVEF at 6 months was highest in the tertile 1 group (∆6 months - baseline LVEF; tertile 1, p = 0.001; tertile 2, p = 0.319; tertile 3, p = 0.205). The decrease in WMSI at 6 months was greater in the tertiles 1 and 2 groups than in the tertile 3 group (∆6 months - baseline WMSI; tertile 1, p = 0.001; tertile 2, p = 0.013; tertile 3, p = 0.055). There was no association between sST2 levels and short-term (log lank p = 0.598) and long-term (p = 0.596) MACE. CONCLUSIONS: sST2 concentration have predictive value for LV remodeling on echocardiography in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI. However, sST2 concentration was not associated with short-term and long-term MACE.

15.
Heart ; 106(4): 292-298, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492703

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the relationship between guideline adherence for recommended therapy on discharge and relevant 60-day and 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with acute heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction and atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Of 5625 acute patients with HF in the Korean Acute Heart Failure registry, 986 patients with HF and documented AF were analysed. Guideline adherence scores were calculated for the prescription of ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, ß-blockers, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists and anticoagulants. RESULTS: In patients with HF with AF, there was a significant trend of reduced 60-day and 1-year mortality rates and the composite end point with guideline adherence. According to the Cox proportion hazard model, poor adherence was associated with a significantly higher risk of 60-day mortality (HR 4.75; 95% CI 1.77 to 12.74) and the composite end point (HR 2.36; 95% CI 1.33 to 4.18) compared with good adherence. Furthermore, poor adherence was associated with a significantly higher risk of 1-year mortality compared with moderate (HR 1.64; 95% CI 1.15 to 2.33) and good adherence (HR 2.34; 95% CI 1.39 to 3.97) and with a higher risk of the 1-year composite end point compared with good adherence (HR 1.58; 95% CI 1.07 to 2.33). CONCLUSION: Better adherence to guidelines was associated with better 60-day and 1-year prognoses in patients with HF with AF.

16.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(2): 225-234, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267239

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Some patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) experience declining of left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) during follow-up. We aim to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of patients with HF with declining ejection fraction (HFdEF). METHODS: We analyzed a prospective, nationwide multicenter cohort with consecutive patients with acute HF enrolled from March 2011 to December 2014. HFpEF was defined as LVEF ≥ 50% at index admission. After 1 year, HFpEF patients were further classified as HFdEF (LVEF ≥ 50% at admission and < 50% at 1 year), and persistent HFpEF (LVEF ≥ 50% both at admission and 1 year). Primary outcome was 4-year all-cause mortality according to HF type from HFdEF diagnosis. RESULTS: Of patients with HFpEF, 426 (90.4%) were diagnosed as having persistent HFpEF and 45 (9.6%) as having HFdEF. Natriuretic peptide level was an independent predictor of HFdEF (natriuretic peptide level > median: odds ratio: 3.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42-7.25, P = 0.005). During 4-year follow-up, patients with HFdEF had higher mortality than those with persistent HFpEF (Log-rank P < 0.001). After adjustment, HFdEF was associated with an almost twofold increased risk for mortality (hazard ratio 1.82, 95% CI 1.13-2.96, P = 0.015). The use of beta-blockers, renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists was not associated with improved prognosis of patients with HFdEF. CONCLUSIONS: HFdEF is a distinct HF type with grave outcomes. Further investigations that focus on HFdEF are warranted to better understand and develop treatment strategies for these high-risk patients. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT01389843. URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01389843.

17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95(4): 696-703, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31132217

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Few data are available for current usage patterns of intravascular modalities such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fractional flow reserve (FFR) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Moreover, patient and procedural-based outcomes related to intravascular modality guidance compared to angiography guidance have not been fully investigated yet. METHODS: We examined 11,731 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from the Korea AMI Registry-National Institute of Health database. Patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) was defined as all-cause death, any infarction, and any revascularization. Device-oriented composite endpoint (DOCE) was defined as cardiac death, target-vessel reinfarction, and target-lesion revascularization. RESULTS: Overall, intravascular modalities were utilized in 2,659 (22.7%) patients including 2,333 (19.9%) IVUS, 277 (2.4%) OCT, and 157 (1.3%) FFR. In the unmatched cohort, POCE (5.4 vs. 8.5%; adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.75; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.61-0.93; p = .008) and DOCE (4.6 vs. 7.4%; adjusted HR 0.77; 95% CI 0.61-0.97; p = .028) were significantly lower in intravascular modality-guided PCI compared with angiography-guided PCI. In the propensity-score-matched cohorts, POCE (5.9 vs. 7.7%; HR 0.74; 95% CI 0.60-0.92; p = .006) and DOCE (5.0 vs. 6.8%; HR 0.72; 95% CI 0.57-0.90; p = .004) were significantly lower in intravascular modality guidance compared with angiography guidance. The difference was mainly driven by reduced all-cause mortality (4.4 vs. 7.0%; p < .001) and cardiac mortality (3.3 vs. 5.2%; p < .001). CONCLUSION: In this large-scale AMI registry, intravascular modality guidance was associated with an improving clinical outcome in selected high-risk patients.

18.
Heart ; 106(1): 50-57, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30209124

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Myocardial ischaemia is a leading cause of acute heart failure (AHF). However, optimal revascularisation strategies in AHF are unclear. We aimed to compare two revascularisation strategies, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in patients with AHF. METHODS: Among 5625 consecutive patients enrolled prospectively in the Korean Acute Heart Failure registry from March 2011 to February 2014, 717 patients who received CABG or PCI during the index hospitalisation for AHF were included in this analysis. We compared adverse outcomes (death, rehospitalisation for HF aggravation or cardiovascular causes, ischaemic stroke and a composite outcome of death and rehospitalisation for HF aggravation or cardiovascular causes) with the use of propensity score matching. RESULTS: For the propensity score-matched cohort with 190 patients, CABG had a lower risk of all-cause mortality than PCI (83 vs 147 deaths per 1000 patient-years; HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.34 to 0.96, p=0.033) during the median follow-up of 4 years. There was also a trend towards lower rates of rehospitalisation due to cardiovascular events or HF aggravation. Subgroup analysis revealed that the adverse outcomes were significantly lower in the CABG group than in PCI group, especially in patients with old age, three-vessel diseases, significant proximal left anterior descending artery disease and those without left main vessel disease or chronic total occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with PCI, CABG is associated with significant lower all-cause mortality in patients with AHF. Further studies should evaluate proper revascularisation strategies in AHF. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01389843; Results.

19.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 44: e21, 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1101778

RESUMEN

resumen está disponible en el texto completo


ABSTRACT The Lancet Commission on Hypertension identified that a key action to address the worldwide burden of high blood pressure (BP) was to improve the quality of BP measurements by using BP devices that have been validated for accuracy. Currently, there are over 3 000 commercially available BP devices, but many do not have published data on accuracy testing according to established scientific standards. This problem is enabled through weak or absent regulations that allow clearance of devices for commercial use without formal validation. In addition, new BP technologies have emerged (e.g. cuffless sensors) for which there is no scientific consensus regarding BP measurement accuracy standards. Altogether, these issues contribute to the widespread availability of clinic and home BP devices with limited or uncertain accuracy, leading to inappropriate hypertension diagnosis, management and drug treatment on a global scale. The most significant problems relating to the accuracy of BP devices can be resolved by the regulatory requirement for mandatory independent validation of BP devices according to the universally-accepted International Organization for Standardization Standard. This is a primary recommendation for which there is an urgent international need. Other key recommendations are development of validation standards specifically for new BP technologies and online lists of accurate devices that are accessible to consumers and health professionals. Recommendations are aligned with WHO policies on medical devices and universal healthcare. Adherence to recommendations would increase the global availability of accurate BP devices and result in better diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, thus decreasing the worldwide burden from high BP.


RESUMO A Comissão Lancet sobre Hipertensão Arterial identificou que uma iniciativa central para enfrentar a carga mundial da hipertensão arterial seria a melhoria na qualidade da mensuração da pressão arterial pelo uso aparelhos de pressão arterial validados quanto à acurácia. Atualmente, existem mais de 3 000 aparelhos de pressão arterial disponíveis comercialmente; entretanto, muitos não têm dados publicados sobre testes de acurácia realizados de acordo com padrões científicos estabelecidos. Este problema resulta de regulamentação fraca ou inexistente, o que permite a aprovação para uso comercial de dispositivos sem validação formal. Além disso, surgiram novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial (por exemplo, sensores sem algemas) sem consenso científico quanto aos padrões de acurácia. No conjunto, essas questões contribuem para a oferta generalizada de dispositivos de pressão arterial clínica e domiciliar com acurácia limitada ou incerta, levando a diagnóstico, gerenciamento e tratamento inadequados da hipertensão em escala global. Os problemas mais significativos relacionados com a acurácia dos dispositivos de pressão arterial podem ser resolvidos por regulamentação que imponha a obrigatoriedade de validação independente dos aparelhos de pressão arterial, de acordo com a norma universalmente aceita pela Organização Internacional de Normalização. Esta é uma recomendação fundamental para a qual existe uma necessidade internacional urgente. Outras recomendações essenciais incluem o desenvolvimento de padrões de validação especificamente para novas tecnologias de mensuração da pressão arterial e listas on-line de aparelhos com acurácia adequada que sejam acessíveis aos consumidores e profissionais de saúde. As recomendações estão alinhadas com as políticas da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) sobre dispositivos médicos e atenção universal à saúde. A adesão às recomendações aumentaria a oferta global de dispositivos de pressão arterial com acurácia adequada e resultaria em melhor diagnóstico e tratamento da hipertensão arterial, diminuindo assim a carga mundial dessa doença.

20.
J Hypertens ; 38(1): 21-29, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790375

RESUMEN

: The Lancet Commission on Hypertension identified that a key action to address the worldwide burden of high blood pressure (BP) was to improve the quality of BP measurements by using BP devices that have been validated for accuracy. Currently, there are over 3000 commercially available BP devices, but many do not have published data on accuracy testing according to established scientific standards. This problem is enabled through weak or absent regulations that allow clearance of devices for commercial use without formal validation. In addition, new BP technologies have emerged (e.g. cuffless sensors) for which there is no scientific consensus regarding BP measurement accuracy standards. Altogether, these issues contribute to the widespread availability of clinic and home BP devices with limited or uncertain accuracy, leading to inappropriate hypertension diagnosis, management and drug treatment on a global scale. The most significant problems relating to the accuracy of BP devices can be resolved by the regulatory requirement for mandatory independent validation of BP devices according to the universally-accepted International Organisation for Standardization Standard. This is a primary recommendation for which there is an urgent international need. Other key recommendations are development of validation standards specifically for new BP technologies and online lists of accurate devices that are accessible to consumers and health professionals. Recommendations are aligned with WHO policies on medical devices and universal healthcare. Adherence to recommendations would increase the global availability of accurate BP devices and result in better diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, thus decreasing the worldwide burden from high BP.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA