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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33925742

RESUMEN

Recently, interest has grown by focusing on the evaluation of a molecule already produced in the human body such as hyaluronic acid (HA), as an application to the surface of the titanium implant. Its osteo-conductive characteristics and positive interaction with the progenitor cells responsible for bone formation, consequently, make it responsible for secondary stability. The aim of this work was to analyze the various surface treatments in titanium implants, demonstrating that the topography and surface chemistry of biomaterials can correlate with the host response; also focusing on the addition of HA to the implant surface and assessing the biological implications during early stages of recovery. Used as a coating, HA acts on the migration, adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of cell precursors on titanium implants by improving the connection between implant and bone. Furthermore, the improvement of the bioactivity of the implant surfaces through HA could therefore facilitate the positioning of the dental prosthesis precisely in the early loading phase, thus satisfying the patients' requests. It is important to note that all the findings should be supported by further experimental studies in animals as well as humans to evaluate and confirm the use of HA in any field of dentistry.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 3582342, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834063

RESUMEN

In the field of biology and medicine, one hears often about stem cells and their potential. The dental implant new surfaces, subjected to specific treatments, perform better and allow for quicker healing times and better clinical performance. The purpose of this study is to evaluate from a biological point of view the interaction and cytotoxicity between stem cells derived from dental pulp (DPSCs) and titanium surfaces. Through the creation of complex cells/implant, this study is aimed at analyzing the cytotoxicity of dental implant surfaces (Myth (Maipek Manufacturer Industrial Care, Naples, Italy)) and the adhesion capacity of cells on them and at considering the essential factors for implant healing such as osteoinduction and vasculogenesis. These parameters are pointed out through histology (3D cell culture), immunofluorescence, proliferation assays, scanning electron microscopy, and PCR investigations. The results of the dental implant surface and its interaction with the DPSCs are encouraging, obtaining results increasing the mineralization of the tissues. The knowledge of this type of interaction, highlighting its chemical and biological features, is certainly also an excellent starting point for the development of even more performing surfaces for having better healing in the oral surgical procedures related to dental implant positioning.

3.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(2): 787-793, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705037

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Rebuilding atrophied alveolar ridges can present a significant challenge for the maxillofacial surgeons. A multitude of treatment options including guided bone regeneration, onlay block grafting, and distraction osteogenesis are today available as safe procedures.The recent Food and Drug Administration approval of recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs) has given clinicians an added treatment option for reconstructing localized and large jaw defects. Currently, several patients have been successfully treated with the combination of bone graft and rhBMP-2 and the results have been documented as predictable and safe by clinical and radiologic examinations follow-up. In this study, a literature review was conducted using Medline, Medpilot, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. It was concentrated on manuscripts and overviews published in the last 20 years (2000-2020). The key terms employed were platelet-rich plasma, rhBMPs, and their combinations with the common scaffolds used for bone regeneration techniques. The results of clinical studies and animal trials were especially emphasized. The statements from the literature were compared with authors' own clinical data.The potential to reconstruct these large bone defects with a growth factor thus limiting or even avoiding a secondary harvest site is exciting and it represents a new frontier in the field of surgery. This study data confirm how there are excellent documents about the possible combination of using substitute materials and growth factor for treating large and minor craniofacial bone defects.

4.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538449

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Osteolipoma is a benign neoplasm originating from the mesenchymal fat tissue cells and characterized by the presence of bone formation. In the head and neck district osteolipoma has been described as parapharyngeal, nasopharinx, submandibular gland, eyelid, floor of the mouth, and skull base lesion. Only 1 case of osteolipoma was reported as a neoplasm of the parotid region. Considering the rarity of the osteolipoma, our purpose was to describe the first case of totally intraparotid gland localization of osteolipoma and summarize and review the actual literature concerning the presence of this tumor in the region of major salivary glands. A 56-years-old male patient was treated for intraparotid osteolipoma. Surgical removal of tumor was done with a standard preauricular/cervical incision and blunt dissection. The facial nerve was identified and preserved completely. In the reviewed series, all cases were reported in adult patients with a relative long history of slow progression. According to our paper and the review of the literature, we can assess that Osteolipoma is an extremely rare lesion affecting the major salivary glands, which should be considered along with common salivary gland tumors in the differential diagnosis.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6631757, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623784

RESUMEN

The human papilloma virus (HPV) is responsible for different pathological manifestations in humans. This agent gives rise to lesions of different types and in different areas of the organism, including the oral cavity. The aim of this study is to show which are the main diseases for which HPV is responsible and to bring to light some of the interceptive and therapeutic strategies. The analysis was conducted by consulting the major scientific databases with the aim of obtaining information on the characteristics of oral HPV and its management; furthermore, the literature was supported by some clinical cases proposed by the authors. The role of dentistry is essential in the early diagnosis of this type of pathologies and above all in knowing how to direct patients towards a path that can lead to patient management, especially in the event that these lesions have a malignant potential. Enhancing the knowledge and role of dentistry can lead to early diagnosis of this type of injury, intercepting a pathology that could have multiorgan implications.

6.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481473

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Ectopic lower third molar is an uncommon condition, and its etiology remains unclear. The main approach used for its surgical removal is the intraoral one, but there are cases in which this may not be the best option. When the lower third molar is located below the lower alveolar canal or when it is close to the lower edge of the jaw, the most recommended approach is the extraoral one. The critical issues related to the extraoral approach are the possibility of damaging anatomical structures such as marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve (craniofacial nerve VII), facial artery and vein, and submental artery. This complication can occur during incision and dissection of the superficial layers or during osteotomy with rotating instruments.This paper reports a case of extraction of ectopic lower third molar using a minimally invasive extraoral approach combined with piezoelectric surgery in order to prevent intraoperative injury of anatomical structures.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8840598, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506039

RESUMEN

The present investigation is aimed at systematically analyzing the recent literature about the innovative scaffold involved in the reconstructive surgeries by applying growth factors and tissue engineering. An extensive review of the contemporary literature was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines by accessing the PubMed, Embase, and Scopus Elsevier databases. Authors performed the English language manuscript research published from 2003 to 2020. A total of 13 relevant studies were included in the present review. The present systematic review included only papers with significant results about correlation between scaffold, molecular features of growth factor, and reconstructive surgeries in oral maxillofacial district. The initial research with filters recorded about 1023 published papers. Beyond reading and considering of suitability, only 42 and then 36 full-text papers were recorded for the revision. All the researches recorded the possibility of using growth factors on rebuilding atrophic jaws. Different growth factors like morphogenetic factors, cytokines, and inflammatory ones and their application over different scaffold materials were recorded. Further investigations should be required in order to state scientific evidence about a clear advantage of applying tissue engineering for therapeutic purpose.

8.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278255

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to investigate skeletal and dental changes affecting occlusal plane inclination after cervical headgear treatment with and without lower utility arch. In order to distinguish the orthodontic changes from natural growth a control group was employed.The sample of this study consisted by 20 Class II subjects (10 males, 10 females; mean age 8.54) treated by using cervical headgear, 19 class II children (19 males, 9 females; mean age 8.64) treated with cervical headgear and utility arch, and 21 Class II patients (11 males, 10 females; mean age 8.41) who had no therapy.Lateral head films were studied for all the patients before treatment (T1) and after therapy (T2) for all the treated groups and at the beginning and at the end of observational period for the control group; cephalometric analysis was carried out in order to seek for the modifications between time points and between groups.Means and standard deviation have been analyzed for all the groups. In order to compare the modification between the time points within the same group the ANOVA test was applied. The ANOVA test was used to compare the mean differences (T2-T1) of 3 groups.The study revealed that there were significant changes in occlusal plane inclination after the different treatment modalities employed instead control group. The treatment with cervical headgear and utility arch is more effective than cervical headgear alone in lowering occlusal plane posteriorly when it is compared with controls.

9.
Eur J Dent ; 2020 Dec 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321548

RESUMEN

The purpose of the present narrative review was to evaluate and discuss the actual available information regarding coronavirus disease 2019 and dental practice, and to share recommendations with the intent to help dentists in providing a safe and healthful workplace during pandemic. A step-by-step workflow is presented including prevention and measures to reduce risk for cross infections before, during, and after the dental treatments. Individualization of different risk-level zones and the establishment of a team-based chain control is also presented. The present manuscript may offer deeper knowledge and discussion regarding recommended procedures aimed to reduce risk for dental health care workers contamination and cross infections. Within these, infection prevention in dental settings, respect of general rules, containment measures, proper use of the personal protective equipments (PPE), and well-organized chain control of all the staff, with definition of risk zones and specific responsibility could be an adjunctive but important step to control the spread of the disease.

11.
J Craniofac Surg ; 31(8): 2256-2259, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136866

RESUMEN

Mandibular reconstruction has attained adequate morphological outcomes. However, some patients encounter difficulties in oral function and limited mandibular movements. An objective: evaluation has seldom featured actual kinetic measurements after mandibular reconstruction.Thirty patients who underwent mandibular reconstruction using bony free flap were enrolled in the study. Twenty-two patients were recruited after surgery and compared to a control group of 8 healthy subjects; 8 patients underwent both pre and postoperative evaluations. For each patient, a kinesiographic scan was obtained, recording maximum mouth opening, maximal laterality, and maximal protrusion.All postoperative kinesiographic evaluations were performed at least 6 months after surgery to ensure complete healing. In the first group of 22 patients, all measured movements were less than those of healthy controls, in particular maximum mouth opening. In the second study group (pre and postoperative evaluation), the postsurgical values did not achieve the control ones, but were no less than the preoperative values, granting adequate functional outcomes.The kinesiograph appears useful for objectively recording the functional outcomes in patients who have undergone mandibular reconstruction. The postoperative jaw movements were acceptable, ensuring a sufficient functional recovery.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2976067, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102577

RESUMEN

The bioengineering and medical and biomedical fields are ever closer, and they manage to obtain surprising results for the development of new devices. The field of simulations and studies in silica has undergone considerable development in recent years, favoring the advancement of medicine. In this manuscript, a study was carried out to evaluate the force distribution on the implant components (In-Kone® Universal) and on the peri-implant tissues subjected to loading. With the finite element analysis and the Von Mises method, it was possible to evaluate this distribution of forces both at 0 degrees (occlusal force) and at 30 degrees; the applied force was 800 N. The obtained results on this new type of connection and on all the implant components are satisfactory; the distribution of forces appears optimal even on the peri-implant tissues. Surely, studies like this help to obtain ever more performing devices, improving both the clinic and the predictability of rehabilitations.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(20)2020 Oct 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092073

RESUMEN

The complex tissue engineering/regenerative medicine now represents a therapeutic reality applicable to various organic substrates, with the aim of repairing deficient tissues and restoring normal organ function. Among the possible specialized uses, in the dental field, the treatment of periodontal, pre- and peri-implant bone defects should be mentioned. Nowadays, in oral surgery, there are many surgical methods that can be used, despite that the literature still seems controversial regarding the actual advantages of their use. Surely, this work will bring to light the current clinical-surgical orientations and the different perspectives.

14.
Minerva Stomatol ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094933

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) can be classified as an oral lesion representing the third most common cyst of the jaws characterized by a high rate of recurrence. OKC was accepted as a neoplastic lesion in the 2005 WHO classification and it was called keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT). However, in the 2017 classification of odontogenic tumors, OKC was moved back into the cyst category. This study aims to evaluate clinically, radiographically and through the histological examination the healing of a patient with OKC who underwent surgery with a marsupialization approach. DESIGN: An 83-year-old female patient, presented deformation of the right hemi-mandibular region and paresthesia of the right hemi-labium, during intraoral examination it was possible to detect an eggshell crackle on palpation of the anterior edentulous mandible, moreover, the patient reported a growth of the lesion over time that prevented her from using the removable prosthesis. METHODS: At the OPT it was possible to appreciate a unilocular area that extended from the parasymphyseal region to the right hemi-mandible. The CT scan showed massive erosion that only partially spared the lower cortex and involvement of the mental foramen. RESULTS: Checks following surgery show healing also confirmed by instrumental check-ups. CONCLUSIONS: Surely this study offers a valid alternative to more invasive and debilitating surgical treatments.

15.
Minerva Stomatol ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094934

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Dental practice is subjected to biologic risk on a daily basis, a risk that could affect both operators and patients. The use of protective devices and medical devices allows to limit and eliminate this risk, especially in the case of cross infections. METHODS: The methods of disinfection of surfaces and instruments are different, and could include both physical and chemical methods. In this in vitro study the effectiveness of sterilization of microwave methods was assessed. In this study microwave sterilization with a 1800W protocol for 5 minutes has been performed. RESULTS: Once the bacterial contamination of some dental instruments was carried out, and left the latter in culture medium, the disinfection phase was carried out, by inserting the instruments in a microwave chamber. These new sterilization protocols allow to obtain surfaces or instruments sterilization in a short time. CONCLUSIONS: The use of this method, although it cannot be used with all materials, has excellent properties for the sterilization of dental medical instruments, even if with lower performance than the conventional autoclave.

16.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 13(3): 235-239, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879928

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Piezoelectric bone surgery was introduced into clinical practice almost 20 years ago as an alternative method for cutting bone in dental surgical procedures, in an attempt to reduce the disadvantages of using conventional rotary instruments. The aim of this Consensus Conference was to evaluate the current evidence concerning the use of piezoelectric surgery in oral surgery and implantology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three working groups conducted three meta-analyses with trial sequential analysis, focusing on the use of piezoelectric surgery in impacted mandibular third molar extraction, lateral sinus floor elevation and implant site preparation. The method of preparation of the systematic reviews, based on comprehensive search strategies and following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, was discussed and standardised. RESULTS: Moderate/low evidence suggests that piezoelectric surgery is significantly associated with a more favourable postoperative course (less pain, less trismus) after impacted mandibular third molar extraction than conventional rotary instruments. Moderate evidence suggests that implants inserted with piezoelectric surgery showed improved secondary stability during the early phases of healing compared with those inserted using a drilling technique. Strong/moderate evidence suggests that piezoelectric surgery prolongs the duration of surgery in impacted mandibular third molar extraction, sinus floor elevation and implant site preparation, but it is unclear whether the slight differences in duration of surgery, even if statistically significant, represent a real clinical advantage for either operator or patient. Weak evidence or insufficient data are present to draw definitive conclusions on the other investigated outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Further well-designed trials are needed to fully evaluate the effects of piezoelectric surgery, especially in implant site preparation and sinus floor elevation.


Asunto(s)
Elevación del Piso del Seno Maxilar , Diente Impactado , Consenso , Humanos , Piezocirugía , Extracción Dental , Trismo
17.
Biomimetics (Basel) ; 5(3)2020 Aug 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878006

RESUMEN

In recent years there has been a lot of talk about toothpastes with a particular chemical compound: stannous fluoride (SnF2). Its presence is currently still highly controversial, as the latter could have negative health effects. The different companies that produce toothpastes express its dosage in ppm. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to analyze all randomized clinical trials in the literature over the last 10 years and to draw clear results on the function of stannous fluoride, for this purpose the authors performed a Mann-Whitney U Test. MATERIALS: The first analysis of the literature produced a number greater than 800 results, subsequently applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and following a manual analysis of the results, 26 manuscripts have been obtained. RESULTS: From the results analyzed in this review, it could be shown that stannous fluoride does not present important contraindications, if not those commonly reported for fluorine. A meta-analysis on enamel loss has been conducted, it shows that SnF2 products provide better results with a p < 0.05 value. CONCLUSION: This compound could have significant effects in favor of erosion and recalcification of the enamel, on the biofilm formation, gingival inflammation, and in addition, it could be an important aid in the removal of tooth stains and halitosis.

18.
Eur J Dent ; 2020 Aug 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869222

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation is to highlight the technical components of a new kind of screw-retained dental implant prosthesis. The hypothesis is whether the OT Bridge (Rhein 83 S.R.L.; Bologna, Italy) system could be applied without secondary screw in the "all-on-four" retention system, thanks to the presence of an internal seeger. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By using engineering device such as finite element method (FEM) and von Mises investigation, it has been studied how the fixed prosthodontics for full-arch retention can be influenced by the presence of the screw for stabilizing it. RESULTS: In a dental implant, one model with four different configurations of the full-arch prosthesis retainer and the seeger has been investigated and then examined in contrast with or without the passant screw for locking the system. The experiments of this virtual study highlighted different features and mechanical behaviors of prosthodontic attachments. CONCLUSION: The first two configurations, respectively those in which there are four and three connection screws, are safe and predictable. Therefore, the presence of the seeger significantly improves the stability and the retention of the whole prosthesis.

19.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(15)2020 Jul 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731445

RESUMEN

In the dental field, the study of materials has always been the basis of the clinical practice. Over the years, with the evolution of materials, it has been possible to produce safe and predictable prosthetic devices, with ever better aesthetic features, biocompatibility and patient satisfaction. This review briefly analyzes the features of dental resin materials to underline the biological, microbiological and chemo-physical characteristics. The main aim of prosthodontics is to rehabilitate patients and therefore improve their quality of life. Dental resins are the main materials used for the production of dentures. Once solidified, these polymers have different mechanical or surface characteristics. The results of the literature on these characteristics were analyzed and some new brand dental resins, known as modern resin, were subsequently evaluated. The new materials are undoubtedly a step forward in the creation of dental prostheses, and also in all subsequent maintenance phases. This review shows how changing the chemical structure of the resins could have microbiological influences on the growth and management of the biofilm, and also physical influences in terms of its mechanical characteristics. The development of new materials is a constant goal in dentistry in order to obtain increasingly predictable rehabilitations.

20.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2020 Aug 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858616

RESUMEN

Rebuilding atrophied alveolar ridges can present a significant challenge for the maxillofacial surgeons. A multitude of treatment options including guided bone regeneration, onlay block grafting, and distraction osteogenesis are today available as safe procedures.The recent Food and Drug Administration approval of recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs) has given clinicians an added treatment option for reconstructing localized and large jaw defects. Currently, several patients have been successfully treated with the combination of bone graft and rhBMP-2 and the results have been documented as predictable and safe by clinical and radiologic examinations follow-up. In this study, a literature review was conducted using Medline, Medpilot, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. It was concentrated on manuscripts and overviews published in the last 20 years (2000-2020). The key terms employed were platelet-rich plasma, rhBMPs, and their combinations with the common scaffolds used for bone regeneration techniques. The results of clinical studies and animal trials were especially emphasized. The statements from the literature were compared with authors' own clinical data.The potential to reconstruct these large bone defects with a growth factor thus limiting or even avoiding a secondary harvest site is exciting and it represents a new frontier in the field of surgery. This study data confirm how there are excellent documents about the possible combination of using substitute materials and growth factor for treating large and minor craniofacial bone defects.

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