Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 37
Filtrar
Más filtros










Base de datos
Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e031193, 2019 Nov 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722942

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of placenta previa complicated by placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) and to examine the different criteria being used for the diagnosis. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Google Scholar, ClinicalTrials.gov and MEDLINE were searched between August 1982 and September 2018. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies reporting on placenta previa complicated by PAS diagnosed in a defined obstetric population. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Two independent reviewers performed the data extraction using a predefined protocol and assessed the risk of bias using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies, with difference agreed by consensus. The primary outcomes were overall prevalence of placenta previa, incidence of PAS according to the type of placenta previa and the reported clinical outcomes, including the number of peripartum hysterectomies and direct maternal mortality. The secondary outcomes included the criteria used for the prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of placenta previa and the criteria used to diagnose and grade PAS at birth. RESULTS: A total of 258 articles were reviewed and 13 retrospective and 7 prospective studies were included in the analysis, which reported on 587 women with placenta previa and PAS. The meta-analysis indicated a significant (p<0.001) heterogeneity between study estimates for the prevalence of placenta previa, the prevalence of placenta previa with PAS and the incidence of PAS in the placenta previa cohort. The median prevalence of placenta previa was 0.56% (IQR 0.39-1.24) whereas the median prevalence of placenta previa with PAS was 0.07% (IQR 0.05-0.16). The incidence of PAS in women with a placenta previa was 11.10% (IQR 7.65-17.35). CONCLUSIONS: The high heterogeneity in qualitative and diagnostic data between studies emphasises the need to implement standardised protocols for the diagnoses of both placenta previa and PAS, including the type of placenta previa and grade of villous invasiveness. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42017068589.

2.
Radiology ; 293(2): 460-468, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573404

RESUMEN

Background Three-dimensional (3D) fractional moving blood volume (FMBV) derived from 3D power Doppler US has been proposed for noninvasive approximation of perfusion. However, 3D FMBV has never been applied in animals against a ground truth. Purpose To determine the correlation between 3D FMBV and the reference standard of fluorescent microspheres (FMS) for measurement of renal perfusion in a porcine model. Materials and Methods From February 2017 to September 2017, adult pigs were administered FMS before and after measurement of renal 3D FMBV at baseline (100%) and approximately 75%, 50%, and 25% flow levels by using US machines from two different vendors. The 3D power Doppler US volumes were converted and segmented, and correlations between FMS and 3D FMBV were made with simple linear regression (r2). Similarity and reproducibility of manual segmentation were determined with the Dice similarity coefficient and 3D FMBV reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]). Results Thirteen pigs were studied with 33 flow measurements. Kidney volume (mean Dice similarity coefficient ± standard deviation, 0.89 ± 0.01) and renal segmentation (coefficient of variation = 12.6%; ICC = 0.86) were consistent. The 3D FMBV calculations had high reproducibility (ICC = 0.97; 95% confidence interval: 0.96, 0.98). The 3D FMBV per-pig correlation showed excellent correlation for US machines from both vendors (mean r2 = 0.96 [range, 0.92-1.0] and 0.93 [range, 0.78-1.0], respectively). The correlation between 3D FMBV and perfusion measured with microspheres was high for both US machines (r2 = 0.80 [P < .001] and 0.70 [P < .001], respectively). Conclusion The strong correlation between three-dimensional (3D) fractional moving blood volume (FMBV) and fluorescent microspheres indicates that 3D FMBV shows excellent correlation to perfusion and good reproducibility. © RSNA, 2019 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Morrell et al in this issue.

3.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 146(1): 20-24, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173360

RESUMEN

Placenta accreta spectrum is impacting maternal health outcomes globally and its prevalence is likely to increase. Maternal outcomes depend on identification of the condition before or during delivery and, in particular, on the differential diagnosis between its adherent and invasive forms. However, accurate estimation of its prevalence and outcome is currently problematic because of the varying use of clinical criteria to define it at birth and the lack of detailed pathologic examination in most series. Adherence to this new International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) classification should improve future systematic reviews and meta-analyses and provide more accurate epidemiologic data which are essential to develop new management strategies.


Asunto(s)
Placenta Accreta/diagnóstico , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Atención Perinatal/métodos , Atención Perinatal/normas , Placenta Accreta/clasificación , Embarazo
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126811

RESUMEN

The increasing incidence of caesarean delivery (CD) has resulted in an increase in placenta accreta spectrum (PAS), adversely impacting maternal outcomes globally. Currently, more than 90% of women diagnosed with PAS present with a placenta praevia (praevia PAS). Praevia PAS can be reliably diagnosed antenatally with ultrasound, and it is unclear whether magnetic resonance imaging improves diagnosis beyond what can be achieved by skilled ultrasound operators. Therefore, any screening programme for PAS will require improved training in the diagnosis of placental disorders and development of targeted scanning protocols. Management strategies for praevia PAS vary depending on the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis, findings at laparotomy and local surgical expertise. Current epidemiological data for PAS are highly heterogeneous, mainly due to wide variation in the clinical criteria used to diagnose the condition at birth. This significantly impacts research into all aspects of the condition, especially comparison of the efficacy of different management strategies.

5.
Placenta ; 81: 42-45, 2019 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138430

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) is a rare pregnancy complication often resulting in postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH). The risk of developing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following unexpectedly traumatic childbirth is known however there is no evidence regarding PTSD in AIP. This pilot study assesses the risk of PTSD for women with AIP compared to women having an uncomplicated caesarean delivery (CD) or unexpected PPH or EPH. METHODS: Retrospective case-controlled questionnaire study in a UK Tertiary obstetric unit. Women with AIP (Group-1) were matched by delivery date to control groups: Group-2, women with an uncomplicated CD; Group-3 women referred to a specialist clinic for suspected AIP, but had a normal placenta and uncomplicated CD; Group-4, women who had an unexpected EPH and/or severe (>3000 mls) PPH. 218 women were sent a validated PTSD screening questionnaire (Impacts of Events Scale-Revised [IES-R]). RESULTS: Likelihood of PTSD was recorded for 69 women who responded, revealing significantly higher PTSD scores for women with AIP compared to uncomplicated CD (P = 0.001). No significant difference was seen between AIP and EPH/PPH (P = 0.89). The number of women with scores high enough to indicate probable PTSD was significantly greater with AIP than uncomplicated CD group (P = 0.045). DISCUSSION: This study demonstrates that women antenatally diagnosed with AIP and anticipating a potentially traumatic delivery, are at significantly increased risk of developing PTSD. Improved awareness of the negative psychological impact of AIP may increase the number of women being identified and treated, thereby improving their quality of life.

6.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 220(6): 511-526, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849356

RESUMEN

The worldwide incidence of abnormally invasive placenta is rapidly rising, following the trend of increasing cesarean delivery. It is a heterogeneous condition and has a high maternal morbidity and mortality rate, presenting specific intrapartum challenges. Its rarity makes developing individual expertise difficult for the majority of clinicians. The International Society for Abnormally Invasive Placenta aims to improve clinicians' understanding and skills in managing this difficult condition. By pooling knowledge, experience, and expertise gained within a variety of different healthcare systems, the Society seeks to improve the outcomes for women with abnormally invasive placenta globally. The recommendations presented herewith were reached using a modified Delphi technique and are based on the best available evidence. The evidence base for each is presented using a formal grading system. The topics chosen address the most pertinent questions regarding intrapartum management of abnormally invasive placenta with respect to clinically relevant outcomes, including the following: definition of a center of excellence; requirement for antenatal hospitalization; antenatal optimization of hemoglobin; gestational age for delivery; antenatal corticosteroid administration; use of preoperative cystoscopy, ureteric stents, and prophylactic pelvic arterial balloon catheters; maternal position for surgery; type of skin incision; position of the uterine incision; use of interoperative ultrasound; prophylactic administration of oxytocin; optimal method for intraoperative diagnosis; use of expectant management; adjuvant therapies for expectant management; use of local surgical resection; type of hysterectomy; use of delayed hysterectomy; intraoperative measures to treat life-threatening hemorrhage; and fertility after conservative management.

7.
Placenta ; 84: 9-13, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773233

RESUMEN

Workshops are an important part of the IFPA annual meeting as they allow for discussion of specialized topics. At IFPA meeting 2018 there were nine themed workshops, five of which are summarised in this report. These workshops discussed new perspectives and knowledge in the following areas of research: 1) preeclampsia; 2) abnormally invasive placenta; 3) placental infection; 4) gestational trophoblastic disease; 4) drug delivery to treat placental dysfunction.

8.
Subst Abus ; 40(2): 125-131, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810496

RESUMEN

Background: Students from health professional schools participated in a half-day interprofessional education workshop centered on substance use disorder training. One component was a patient panel featuring individuals with a history of opioid use disorder who described the impact of addiction on their lives and their road to recovery using varied treatment options. We hypothesized that interacting with individuals with opioid use disorder early in training would elicit more humanistic perspectives and decrease bias and stigma in future health care professionals. Methods: After participating in the panel experience, health professional students (N = 580) from medicine, nursing, pharmacy, physical therapy, and social work were asked to complete short, 5-minute, rapid reflections. Prompts asked students whether the panel changed their perception of individuals with substance use disorder, to reflect on their attitudinal changes or lack thereof, and how working in interprofessional teams could impact the management and treatment of these patients. Conventional content analysis was performed. Results: Eighty-nine percent of students who attended the session completed the rapid reflections (n = 514). Overall, approximately 70% (n = 369) of students indicated that their perceptions of individuals with substance use disorder had changed as a result of the patient panel, with students from pharmacy more likely to indicate a change in attitudes. Themes across all professions included a change toward a more humanistic perspective, value of hearing real patient stories, and learning about treatment and recovery options. Student responses described how interprofessional health care teams can provide more holistic care with a broader range of therapeutic options that may improve long-term outcomes. Conclusions: A patient panel experience is influential on interprofessional students' attitudes toward patients who suffer from opioid use disorder. Students identified an interprofessional approach as being a valuable component of management and treatment of these patients.

9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30368768

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the planned place of delivery for women antenatally diagnosed with abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) in England and identify how many units regard themselves to be "specialist centers" for the management of AIP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational study of obstetric-led units in England. An anonymous survey was sent to the delivery suite lead clinician in all 154 consultant-led units throughout England. The main outcome measures were whether each unit planned to manage AIP "in-house", the estimated number of AIP cases delivered in the previous 5 years and whether the unit considered itself a "specialist center" for AIP management. RESULTS: In all, 114 of 154 units responded (74%): 80 (70%) manage AIP cases "in-house", 23 (29%) of these report that they regard themselves "specialist centers" for AIP. The 23 "specialist centers" managed significantly more cases than "non-specialist centers" (5.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.3-7.3 vs 2.3, 95% CI 1.5-3.1 cases/unit/year; P < .001); nearly one-third of "non-specialist centers" manage less than 1 case per year. Extrapolating the reported number of cases to all 154 obstetrician-led delivery units produces an estimate of 5.2 cases per 10 000 births over the last 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Most units plan to manage AIP "in-house" despite encountering few cases each year. Centralizing care would allow the multidisciplinary team in each "specialist center" to develop significant experience in the management of this rare condition, leading to improved outcomes for the women.

10.
JCI Insight ; 3(11)2018 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29875312

RESUMEN

We present a new technique to fully automate the segmentation of an organ from 3D ultrasound (3D-US) volumes, using the placenta as the target organ. Image analysis tools to estimate organ volume do exist but are too time consuming and operator dependant. Fully automating the segmentation process would potentially allow the use of placental volume to screen for increased risk of pregnancy complications. The placenta was segmented from 2,393 first trimester 3D-US volumes using a semiautomated technique. This was quality controlled by three operators to produce the "ground-truth" data set. A fully convolutional neural network (OxNNet) was trained using this ground-truth data set to automatically segment the placenta. OxNNet delivered state-of-the-art automatic segmentation. The effect of training set size on the performance of OxNNet demonstrated the need for large data sets. The clinical utility of placental volume was tested by looking at predictions of small-for-gestational-age babies at term. The receiver-operating characteristics curves demonstrated almost identical results between OxNNet and the ground-truth). Our results demonstrated good similarity to the ground-truth and almost identical clinical results for the prediction of SGA.

11.
Placenta ; 66: 74-81, 2018 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29884305

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Uterine artery (UtA) Doppler indices are one of the most commonly employed screening tests for pre-eclampsia worldwide. Abnormal indices appear to result from increased uterine vascular resistance, but anatomical complexity and lack of appropriate animal models mean that little is known about the relative contribution of each of the components of the uterine vasculature to the overall UtA Doppler waveform. Previous computational models suggested that trophoblast-mediated spiral artery remodeling has a dominant effect on the UtA Doppler waveform. However, these models did not incorporate the myometrial arterio-venous anastomoses, which have significant potential to affect utero-placental haemodynamics. METHODS: We present a more anatomically complete computational model, explicitly incorporating a structural description of each component of the uterine vasculature, and crucially including myometrial arterio-venous anastomoses as parallel pathways for blood-flow away from the placental bed. Wave transmission theory was applied to the network to predict UtA waveforms. RESULTS: Our model shows that high UtA resistance indices, combined with notching, reflect an abnormal remodeling of the entire uterine vasculature. Incomplete spiral artery remodeling alone is unlikely to cause abnormal UtA Doppler waveforms as increased resistance in these arteries can be 'buffered' by upstream anastomoses. Critically, our results indicate that the radial arteries, may have a more important effect on utero-placental flow dynamics, and the UtA Doppler waveform than previously thought. CONCLUSIONS: This model suggests that to appropriately interpret UtA Doppler waveforms they must be considered to be reflecting changes in the entire system, rather than just the spiral arteries.

13.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 44(3): 522-531, 2018 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29305123

RESUMEN

The goal of our research was to quantify the placental vascularity in 3-D at 11-13 + 6 wk of pregnancy at precise distances from the utero-placental interface (UPI) using 3-D power Doppler ultrasound. With this automated image analysis technique, differences in vascularity between normal and pathologic pregnancies may be observed. The algorithm was validated using a computer-generated image phantom and applied retrospectively in 143 patients. The following features from the PD data were recorded: The number of spiral artery jets into the inter-villous space, total geometric and PD area. These were automatically measured at discrete millimeter distances from the UPI. Differences in features were compared with pregnancy outcomes: Pre-eclamptic versus normal, all small-for-gestational age (SGA) to appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) patients and AGA versus SGA in normotensives (Mann-Whitney). The Benjamini-Hochberg procedure was used (false discovery rate 10%) for multiple comparison testing. Features decreased with increasing distance from the UPI (Kruskal-Wallis test; p <0.001). At 2- 3 mm from the UPI, all features were smaller in pre-eclamptic compared with normal patients and for some in SGA compared with AGA patients (p <0.05). For AGA versus SGA in normotensive patients, no significant differences were found. Number of jets measured at 2-5 mm from the UPI did not vary because of the position of the placenta in the uterus (ANOVA; p > 0.05). This method provides a new in-vivo imaging tool for examining spiral artery development through pregnancy. Size and number of entrances of blood flow into the UPI could potentially be used to identify high-risk pregnancies and may provide a new imaging biomarker for placental insufficiency.

14.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 218(1): 75-87, 2018 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28599899

RESUMEN

Placenta accreta spectrum is a complex obstetric complication associated with high maternal morbidity. It is a relatively new disorder of placentation, and is the consequence of damage to the endometrium-myometrial interface of the uterine wall. When first described 80 years ago, it mainly occurred after manual removal of the placenta, uterine curettage, or endometritis. Superficial damage leads primarily to an abnormally adherent placenta, and is diagnosed as the complete or partial absence of the decidua on histology. Today, the main cause of placenta accreta spectrum is uterine surgery and, in particular, uterine scar secondary to cesarean delivery. In the absence of endometrial reepithelialization of the scar area the trophoblast and villous tissue can invade deeply within the myometrium, including its circulation, and reach the surrounding pelvic organs. The cellular changes in the trophoblast observed in placenta accreta spectrum are probably secondary to the unusual myometrial environment in which it develops, and not a primary defect of trophoblast biology leading to excessive invasion of the myometrium. Placenta accreta spectrum was separated by pathologists into 3 categories: placenta creta when the villi simply adhere to the myometrium, placenta increta when the villi invade the myometrium, and placenta percreta where the villi invade the full thickness of the myometrium. Several prenatal ultrasound signs of placenta accreta spectrum were reported over the last 35 years, principally the disappearance of the normal uteroplacental interface (clear zone), extreme thinning of the underlying myometrium, and vascular changes within the placenta (lacunae) and placental bed (hypervascularity). The pathophysiological basis of these signs is due to permanent damage of the uterine wall as far as the serosa, with placental tissue reaching the deep uterine circulation. Adherent and invasive placentation may coexist in the same placental bed and evolve with advancing gestation. This may explain why no single, or set combination of, ultrasound sign(s) was found to be specific for the depth of abnormal placentation, and accurate for the differential diagnosis between adherent and invasive placentation. Correlation of pathological and clinical findings with prenatal imaging is essential to improve screening, diagnosis, and management of placenta accreta spectrum, and standardized protocols need to be developed.


Asunto(s)
Placenta Accreta/diagnóstico por imagen , Placenta Accreta/fisiopatología , Ultrasonografía Prenatal , Femenino , Humanos , Miometrio/diagnóstico por imagen , Miometrio/patología , Placenta/irrigación sanguínea , Placenta Accreta/patología , Placenta Previa/diagnóstico por imagen , Placenta Previa/patología , Placentación/fisiología , Embarazo , Vejiga Urinaria/patología , Remodelación Vascular/fisiología
15.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 297(2): 323-332, 2018 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29101608

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: A retained placenta after vaginal delivery where manual removal of placenta fails is a clinical challenge. We present six cases that illustrate the heterogeneity of the condition and discuss the etiology and terminology as well as the clinical management. METHODS: Members of the European Working group on Abnormally Invasive Placenta (EW-AIP) were invited to report all recent cases of retained placenta that were not antenatally suspected to be abnormally adherent or invasive, but could not be removed manually despite several attempts. RESULTS: The six cases from Denmark, The Netherlands and the UK provide examples of various treatment strategies such as ultrasound-guided vaginal removal, removal of the placenta through a hysterotomy and just leaving the placenta in situ. The placentas were all retained, but it was only possible to diagnose abnormal invasion in the one case, which had a histopathological diagnosis of increta. Based on these cases we present a flow chart to aid clinical management for future cases. CONCLUSION: We need properly defined stringent terminology for the different types of retained placenta, as well as improved tools to predict and diagnose both abnormally invasive and abnormally adherent placenta. Clinicians need to be aware of the options available to them when confronted by the rare case of a retained placenta that cannot be removed manually in a hemodynamically stable patient.

16.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 140(3): 332-337, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29086915

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess how a quantifiable measure of vascularity-i.e. abnormal confluence (Acon ) in the subplacental myometrium observed by three-dimensional power-Doppler ultrasonography-changes with different bladder volumes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, women referred to a tertiary UK center with suspected PAS disorders were recruited between August 2016 and May 2017. The largest area of confluent three-dimensional power-Doppler signal (Acon ) at the uteroplacental interface was estimated under two bladder volumes differing by at least 200 mL. RESULTS: Acon was calculated for 14 women, of whom seven were subsequently found to have PAS disorders. For these seven women, log(Acon ) was significantly greater when measured with a filled bladder than when measured with an unfilled bladder (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Objective evidence was found for a quantifiable difference in vascularity in the myometrium with bladder volume among women with PAS disorders. This difference has sufficient magnitude to influence the potential of Acon as a diagnostic marker.


Asunto(s)
Placenta Accreta/diagnóstico por imagen , Ultrasonografía Prenatal , Vejiga Urinaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Imagen Tridimensional , Embarazo , Estudios Prospectivos
17.
Placenta ; 64 Suppl 1: S4-S8, 2018 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29273272

RESUMEN

Workshops are an important part of the IFPA annual meeting as they allow for discussion of specialized topics. At IFPA meeting 2017 there were four themed workshops, all of which are summarized in this report. These workshops discussed new knowledge and technological innovations in the following areas of research: 1) placental bed; 2) 3D structural modeling; 3) clinical placentology; 4) treatment of placental dysfunction.

18.
Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv ; 11071: 921-929, 2018 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854531

RESUMEN

Accurate localization of structural abnormalities is a precursor for image-based prenatal assessment of adverse conditions. For clinical screening and diagnosis of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP), a life-threatening obstetric condition, qualitative and quantitative analysis of ultrasonic patterns correlated to placental lesions such as placental lacunae (PL) is challenging and time-consuming to perform even for experienced sonographers. There is a need for automated placental lesion localization that does not rely on expensive human annotations such as detailed manual segmentation of anatomical structures. In this paper, we investigate PL localization in 2D placental ultrasound images. First, we demonstrate the effectiveness of generating confidence maps from weak dot annotations in localizing PL as an alternative to expensive manual segmentation. Then we propose a layer aggregation structure based on iterative deep aggregation (IDA) for PL localization. Models with this structure were evaluated with 10-fold cross-validations on an AIP database (containing 3,440 images with 9,618 labelled PL from 23 AIP and 11 non-AIP participants). Experimental results demonstrate that the model with the proposed structure yielded the highest mean average precision (mAP=35.7%), surpassing all other baseline models (32.6%, 32.2%, 29.7%). We argue that features from shallower stages can contribute to PL localization more effectively using the proposed structure. To our knowledge, this is the first successful application of machine learning to placental lesion analysis and has the potential to be adapted for other clinical scenarios in breast, liver, and prostate cancer imaging.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Automático , Reconocimiento de Normas Patrones Automatizadas , Placenta , Ultrasonografía , Algoritmos , Femenino , Humanos , Placenta/anomalías , Placenta/diagnóstico por imagen , Embarazo , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
19.
PLoS One ; 12(6): e0178675, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28570600

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To undertake an observational study to see whether first trimester placental vascularity, measured with a standardized power Doppler index: 3D-FMBV, is different in pregnancies which either develop pre-eclampsia or lead to term, normotensive small for gestational age (SGA) babies. METHODS: Women were scanned between 11 and 13+6 weeks. The placental volume (sPlaV) was estimated using our previously validated semi-automated tool. Estimates of 3D-FMBV were generated from the raw power Doppler signal for the whole utero-placental interface, UPI (FMBV-UPI) and 5mm into the placenta (FMBV-IVS). Differences in the placental volume and FMBV for pregnancies developing pre-eclampsia and resulting in term, normotensive SGA babies were compared with term, normotensive, appropriate for gestational age (AGA), controls. RESULTS: Results were available for 143 women. The placental volume (sPlaV) was reduced in both pre-eclampsia (p = 0.007) and term, normotensive SGA (p = 0.001) when compared with term normotensive AGA controls. 3D-FMBV estimates were significantly lower for pregnancies developing pre-eclampsia (FMBV-UPI, p = 0.03, FMBV-IVS, p = 0.01) but not for the normotensive SGA pregnancies (FMBV-UPI, p = 0.16, FMBV-IVS, p = 0.27). CONCLUSION: Pregnancies destined to develop pre-eclampsia are more likely to have small placentas with significantly reduced vascularity at 11-13 weeks. Those pregnancies which were normotensive throughout but resulted in an SGA baby delivered at term, had significantly smaller placentas but with similar vascularity to normotensive AGA pregnancies.


Asunto(s)
Recién Nacido Pequeño para la Edad Gestacional , Placenta/irrigación sanguínea , Preeclampsia/fisiopatología , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Placenta/diagnóstico por imagen , Embarazo , Primer Trimestre del Embarazo
20.
R I Med J (2013) ; 100(4): 16-18, 2017 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28375414

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: In response to the unprecedented rates of illicit drug use, including opioid addiction and overdose in Rhode Island, local healthcare institutions, led by the Warren Alpert Medical School (AMS) of Brown University, collaborated to present "Bridging Health Disparities to Address the Opioid Epidemic." This symposium sought to educate a wide array of healthcare providers and professionals around opioid use disorder, including the state of the opioid crisis in Rhode Island, national efforts around opioid misuse and how providers can work together to stem the opioid crisis in the state. DESIGN AND METHODS: The symposium included a keynote session which aimed to increase knowledge and decrease stigma. This was followed by two rounds of breakout sessions which focused on various components of opioid disorder treatment. We elicited feedback from participants in order to plan further interventions to educate providers in Rhode Island around the opioid epidemic. Primary Results: Initial feedback was positive. More importantly, this workshop allowed us to identify gaps in knowledge amongst healthcare providers in Rhode Island in order to plan further interventions for healthcare providers, including physicians, around opioid misuse, in Rhode Island. PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS: This symposium is one of the first steps that a consortium of healthcare institutions, including AMS, will take to address the opioid crisis in Rhode Island. Feedback from the event was elicited to identify gaps in healthcare provider knowledge and will be used to design and implement further interventions. [Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2017-04.asp].


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Congresos como Asunto , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/prevención & control , Mal Uso de Medicamentos de Venta con Receta/prevención & control , Servicios Preventivos de Salud/organización & administración , Redes Comunitarias , Epidemias , Disparidades en Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Naloxona/uso terapéutico , Antagonistas de Narcóticos/uso terapéutico , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Mal Uso de Medicamentos de Venta con Receta/estadística & datos numéricos , Rhode Island , Universidades
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA