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1.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(6): 1209-1217, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270062

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to inspect the mechanical fatigue behavior of an implant-supported restorative system using polyether ether ketone (PEEK) and yttria partially stabilized zirconia polycrystals (YZ) as materials for customized definitive implant-supported hybrid abutments, supporting two types of all-ceramic restorations: translucent zirconia (TZ) and lithium disilicate (LD) monolithic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Morse taper implants were included in epoxy resin. Titanium intermediary abutments were placed, and the specimens were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 10) according to the customized hybrid abutment material (PEEK or YZ) and the monolithic crowns (TZ or LD) representing a maxillary central incisor crown. The specimens were subjected to a mechanical fatigue test (step-stress analysis) by means of an initial 200-N load for 5,000 cycles and subsequent increase of 50 N (step-size) at each 10,000 cycles, until failure occurred. The load at failure and number of cycles until failure were recorded; survival probabilities and specimen displacement were calculated for each step. The failure pattern was evaluated, and the Weibull modulus was obtained for each condition. RESULTS: Fatigue of both types of crowns was not influenced by the abutment material (LD-PEEK = LD-YZ; TZ-PEEK = TZ-YZ). In the PEEK abutment, the values obtained in the LD and TZ crowns showed no statistical difference; however, in the YZ abutment, the TZ crown presented a load at failure value that was statistically higher than that for LD. Failure pattern analysis revealed a higher prevalence of crown fracture for LD groups, while screw/implant platform fractures were shown for TZ groups. CONCLUSION: YZ and PEEK hybrid abutments promoted similar fatigue levels regardless of the crown materials, TZ crowns promoted a higher fatigue level than LD ones when associated with YZ abutments, and LD crowns promoted a similar fatigue level to TZ ones when associated with PEEK custom abutments. Higher prevalence of crown fractures was shown for LD and screw/implant platform fractures for TZ groups.

2.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 523-531, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146337

RESUMEN

Thiourethane additives have been shown to improve properties in several dental polymer applications. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the addition of thiourethane oligomers and acrylamide or isobornyl-based plasticizers on the physical properties of the denture base acrylic resin polymerized with microwaves. Thiourethane oligomer (TU) was synthetized and added to microwaved acrylic resin in proportions varying between 3 and 14 wt%. Separate experimental groups included the addition of dimethyl acrylamide (DMAM) and isobornyl methacrylate as plasticizers, at concentrations varying from 5 to 20 wt%. Samples were polymerized using microwave energy at 500 Watts for 3 min, deflasked at room temperature, stored in water at 37 °C for 24 h, and evaluated for: linear dimensional change, gloss, Knoop hardness, surface roughness, impact strength, yield strength, elastic modulus, toughness, yield strength, viscosity, glass transition temperature and network heterogeneity, and water sorption/solubility. Data were analyzed with ANOVA/Tukey's post-hoc test (a=5%). The addition of TU led to properties that were similar or worse than the materials to which it was not added, except for dimensional stability. The impact on properties was statistically significant for all materials above 20% addition of TU. The addition of DMAM at 5 wt% or isobornyl methacrylate at 10 wt% improved yield strength and modulus, but increased water sorption and solubility. Except for dimensional stability, the addition of thiourethane oligomers to acrylic denture base materials compromised most tested properties. The use of DMAM and isobornyl methacrylate improved properties for selected compositions.


Asunto(s)
Bases para Dentadura , Microondas , Materiales Dentales , Ensayo de Materiales , Polimerizacion , Polimetil Metacrilato , Propiedades de Superficie
3.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 374-379, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901712

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the implant volume loss, vertical misfit between abutment and prosthetic platform, prosthetic screw loosening torque, and screw stress distribution in titanium and zirconia abutments. Ten CAD/CAM system custom abutments of each material were milled and attached to the titanium implants. The implant volume loss was evaluated by microtomography, the vertical misfit with optical microscopy, and digital torque wrench measured the prosthetic screw loosening. All experimental analyses were performed before and after mechanical cycle (1,000,000 cycles, 100 N/2 Hz). Virtual models of the structures were created for finite element analysis, and the stress on the screw obtained with von Mises procedure. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and Tukey's HSD test (a=0.05). There was no significant difference in the implant volume loss for the two abutment materials (p=0.662). Titanium abutments provided higher loosening torque values after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). Lesser marginal misfit was obtained with titanium abutments before and after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). The stress distribution on the screw was similar between abutment materials. In conclusion, CAD/CAM custom titanium abutment reduced the marginal misfit and increased the torque maintenance of prosthetic screws when compared to CAD/CAM custom zirconia abutment.


Asunto(s)
Pilares Dentales , Titanio , Tornillos Óseos , Circonio
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 523-531, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1132329

RESUMEN

Abstract Thiourethane additives have been shown to improve properties in several dental polymer applications. The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the addition of thiourethane oligomers and acrylamide or isobornyl-based plasticizers on the physical properties of the denture base acrylic resin polymerized with microwaves. Thiourethane oligomer (TU) was synthetized and added to microwaved acrylic resin in proportions varying between 3 and 14 wt%. Separate experimental groups included the addition of dimethyl acrylamide (DMAM) and isobornyl methacrylate as plasticizers, at concentrations varying from 5 to 20 wt%. Samples were polymerized using microwave energy at 500 Watts for 3 min, deflasked at room temperature, stored in water at 37 °C for 24 h, and evaluated for: linear dimensional change, gloss, Knoop hardness, surface roughness, impact strength, yield strength, elastic modulus, toughness, yield strength, viscosity, glass transition temperature and network heterogeneity, and water sorption/solubility. Data were analyzed with ANOVA/Tukey's post-hoc test (a=5%). The addition of TU led to properties that were similar or worse than the materials to which it was not added, except for dimensional stability. The impact on properties was statistically significant for all materials above 20% addition of TU. The addition of DMAM at 5 wt% or isobornyl methacrylate at 10 wt% improved yield strength and modulus, but increased water sorption and solubility. Except for dimensional stability, the addition of thiourethane oligomers to acrylic denture base materials compromised most tested properties. The use of DMAM and isobornyl methacrylate improved properties for selected compositions.


Resumo Aditivos de tiouretano demonstraram melhorar propriedades de polímeros em diversas aplicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o efeito da adição de oligômeros de tiouretano, monômeros de acrilamida ou baseados em funcionalidade isobornil na propriedades físicas de bases de dentadura de acrílico polimerizadas em micro-ondas. O oligômero de tiouretano (TU) foi sintetizado e adicionado à resina acrílica em proporções variando de 3 a 14% em peso. Dimetil acrilamida (DMAM) e isobornil metacrilato (IBMA) foram adicionados em formulações separadas como plastificantes em concentrações variando de 5 a 20% em peso. As amostras foram polimerizadas usando energia de micro-ondas (500 Watts oor 3 min), desincluídas da mufla a temperature ambiente, armazenadas em água a 37°C por 24 h, e submetidas aos testes de: alteração dimensional linear, brilho, dureza Knoop, rugosidade superficial, resistência ao impacto, tensão normal de escoamento, módulo de elasticidade, tenacidade, viscosidade, temperatura de transição vítrea e heterogeneidade da rede polimérica, além de sorção de água e solubilidade. Os dados foram analisados com ANOVA e teste de Tukey (a=5%). A adição de TU não afetou ou diminuiu todas as propriedades, exceto pela estabilidade dimensional. O impacto nas propriedades foi estatisticamente significante para todos os materiais em concentrações acima de 20% de TU. Isso pode ser explicado por um encurtamento das cadeias e diminuição do empacotamento das cadeias lineares do PMMA. A adição de 5% de DMAM ou 10% de isobornil metacrilato melhoraram a tensão de escoamento e o módulo, mas aumentaram a sorção de água e solubilidade. Exceto pela estabilidade dimensional, a adição de oligômeros de tiouretano à bases de dentatura compostas por resina acrílica prejudicou todas a propriedades testadas. O uso de DMAM e isobornil metacrilato melhorou as propriedades para composições selecionadas.

5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 374-379, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1132322

RESUMEN

Abstract The aim of this study was to verify the effect of the implant volume loss, vertical misfit between abutment and prosthetic platform, prosthetic screw loosening torque, and screw stress distribution in titanium and zirconia abutments. Ten CAD/CAM system custom abutments of each material were milled and attached to the titanium implants. The implant volume loss was evaluated by microtomography, the vertical misfit with optical microscopy, and digital torque wrench measured the prosthetic screw loosening. All experimental analyses were performed before and after mechanical cycle (1,000,000 cycles, 100 N/2 Hz). Virtual models of the structures were created for finite element analysis, and the stress on the screw obtained with von Mises procedure. Data were analyzed using an independent t-test, two-way ANOVA for repeated measures, and Tukey's HSD test (a=0.05). There was no significant difference in the implant volume loss for the two abutment materials (p=0.662). Titanium abutments provided higher loosening torque values after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). Lesser marginal misfit was obtained with titanium abutments before and after mechanical cycling (p<0.001). The stress distribution on the screw was similar between abutment materials. In conclusion, CAD/CAM custom titanium abutment reduced the marginal misfit and increased the torque maintenance of prosthetic screws when compared to CAD/CAM custom zirconia abutment.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi verificar o efeito da diminuição de volume do implante, desajuste vertical entre o pilar e plataforma protética, torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético e distribuição da tensão no parafuso em pilares de titânio e zircônia. Dez pilares personalizados de cada material foram fresados e conectados aos implantes de titânio. A diminuição de volume do implante foi avaliada com microtomografia, o desajuste vertical com microscopia óptica e o torque de afrouxamento do parafuso protético com chave de torque digital. Todas as análises experimentais foram realizadas antes e após aplicação do ciclo mecânico (1.000.000 ciclos, 100 N/2 Hz). Modelos virtuais das estruturas foram criados para análise por elementos finitos e a tensão no parafuso obtida com valores de von Mises. Os dados foram analisados usando teste t independente, análise de varância dois fatores para medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey HSD (a=0,05). Não houve diferença significativa na diminuição de volume do implante para os dois materiais do pilar (p= 0,662). Os pilares de titânio proporcionaram maiores valores de torque de afrouxamento após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). O menor desajuste marginal foi obtido com os pilares de titânio antes e após o ciclo mecânico (p<0,001). A distribuição da tensão no parafuso foi similar entre os materiais. Em conclusão, os pilares personalizados de titânio reduziram o desajuste marginal e aumentaram a manutenção do torque dos parafusos protéticos quando comparados aos pilares de zircônia.

6.
Braz Dent J ; 30(3): 244-251, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166396

RESUMEN

Severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining can fracture during or after implant placement. This case series presents a technique to reduce the risk or the consequences of mandibular fracture. Seven patients with only cortical mandibular bone remaining were treated with the fixation of a titanium plate in the frontal surface previously to implant placement, during the same surgical procedure. Immediate complete-arch implant supported prosthesis were installed. Patient's systemic and local conditions that could influence implant survival were registered previously to surgery and during the follow up period. Biological and biomechanical complications were recorded. The condition of peri-implant tissues was evaluated. The follow-ups ranged from 12 to 84 months. Twenty-nine implants were placed and no implant failure or other biological complication was observed. The peri-implant tissue evaluation demonstrated most implants was surrounded by keratinized tissue (89.5%). No marginal recession (implant platform cervical to gingival margin) was observed. Probing depth was normal, ranging from 0 to 3 mm. Low scores of plaque index or bleeding on probing were recorded. Biomechanical complications evolved loosening of 4 prosthetic screws and 1 fractured. The use of a titanium plate for the fixation of severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining was a safe treatment procedure, avoiding biological and major biomechanical complications in the treatment with immediate complete-arch implant-supported prosthesis.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Mandíbula , Titanio , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 244-251, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011551

RESUMEN

Abstract Severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining can fracture during or after implant placement. This case series presents a technique to reduce the risk or the consequences of mandibular fracture. Seven patients with only cortical mandibular bone remaining were treated with the fixation of a titanium plate in the frontal surface previously to implant placement, during the same surgical procedure. Immediate complete-arch implant supported prosthesis were installed. Patient's systemic and local conditions that could influence implant survival were registered previously to surgery and during the follow up period. Biological and biomechanical complications were recorded. The condition of peri-implant tissues was evaluated. The follow-ups ranged from 12 to 84 months. Twenty-nine implants were placed and no implant failure or other biological complication was observed. The peri-implant tissue evaluation demonstrated most implants was surrounded by keratinized tissue (89.5%). No marginal recession (implant platform cervical to gingival margin) was observed. Probing depth was normal, ranging from 0 to 3 mm. Low scores of plaque index or bleeding on probing were recorded. Biomechanical complications evolved loosening of 4 prosthetic screws and 1 fractured. The use of a titanium plate for the fixation of severely resorbed mandibles with only cortical bone remaining was a safe treatment procedure, avoiding biological and major biomechanical complications in the treatment with immediate complete-arch implant-supported prosthesis.


Resumo Mandíbulas severamente reabsorvidas com apenas osso cortical remanescente podem fraturar durante ou após a colocação de implantes. O presente relato de casos apresenta uma técnica para reduzir o risco ou as consequências da fratura mandibular. Pacientes com apenas osso cortical remanescente foram tratados com a fixação de placa de titânio na superfície frontal, previamente a colocação dos implantes, no mesmo procedimento cirúrgico. Próteses totais implanto-suportadas foram instaladas com carga imediata. Condições locais e sistêmicas dos pacientes que poderiam influenciar a sobrevivência dos implantes foram registradas previamente a cirurgia e durante o período de acompanhamento. Complicações biológicas e biomecânicas foram registradas. A condição dos tecidos peri-implante foi avaliada. Sete pacientes completaram o período de acompanhamento, variando entre 12 e 84 meses. Vinte e nove implantes foram colocados e nenhuma falha ou complicação biológica foi observada. A avaliação do tecido peri-implante demonstrou que a maioria dos implantes possuía tecido queratinizado (89,5%). Nenhuma recessão marginal (plataforma do implante cervical à margem gengival) foi observada. Profundidade de sondagem mostrou-se normal, variando entre 0 e 3 mm. Baixos escores de índice de placa ou sangramento à sondagem foram observados. Complicações biomecânicas envolveram perda de 4 e 1 fratura de parafusos protéticos. O uso da placa de titânio para fixação de mandíbulas severamente reabsorvidas com apenas osso cortical remanescente pode ser considerado tratamento seguro, evitando alterações biológicas e maiores complicações biomecânicas no tratamento com próteses totais imediatas implanto-suportadas.

8.
Braz Dent J ; 29(4): 347-353, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462760

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE or α) and glass transition temperature (Tg) of three veneering ceramics used with zirconia frameworks of full-arch fixed prostheses. The generation of residual stresses and linear contraction after the simulation of the cooling process and mechanical loading were measured. The analysis was based on the finite element method in three-dimensional model of a maxillary full-arch fixed prosthesis with zirconia framework (e.max ZirCAD) and veneer by felsdpathic ceramics (GEC - IPS e.max Ceram, GVM - Vita VM9 and GLC - Lava Ceram). The linear contraction simulation was performed by cooling the structures from the Tg of each veneer ceramic at room temperature (25°C). A loading of 100 N on the occlusal region of the first molar was performed. The magnitude of the maximum principal stress (smax) and linear contraction were evaluated. The levels of CTE mismatch between veneering ceramics and framework showed no relevant influence on smax and linear contraction. The Tg values of the veneer ceramic showed to be directly proportional to amount of smax and linear contraction. The GEC presented the highest values of smax and linear contraction. The GVM and GLC did not present significant differences between them. In conclusion, GVM was similar to GLC, while GEC presented differences in relation to other veneer ceramics in terms of residual stress and linear contraction.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Coronas con Frente Estético , Circonio/química , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Ensayo de Materiales
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(4): 347-353, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-974164

RESUMEN

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE or α) and glass transition temperature (Tg) of three veneering ceramics used with zirconia frameworks of full-arch fixed prostheses. The generation of residual stresses and linear contraction after the simulation of the cooling process and mechanical loading were measured. The analysis was based on the finite element method in three-dimensional model of a maxillary full-arch fixed prosthesis with zirconia framework (e.max ZirCAD) and veneer by felsdpathic ceramics (GEC - IPS e.max Ceram, GVM - Vita VM9 and GLC - Lava Ceram). The linear contraction simulation was performed by cooling the structures from the Tg of each veneer ceramic at room temperature (25°C). A loading of 100 N on the occlusal region of the first molar was performed. The magnitude of the maximum principal stress (smax) and linear contraction were evaluated. The levels of CTE mismatch between veneering ceramics and framework showed no relevant influence on smax and linear contraction. The Tg values of the veneer ceramic showed to be directly proportional to amount of smax and linear contraction. The GEC presented the highest values of smax and linear contraction. The GVM and GLC did not present significant differences between them. In conclusion, GVM was similar to GLC, while GEC presented differences in relation to other veneer ceramics in terms of residual stress and linear contraction.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar a influência do coeficiente de expansão térmica (CET) e da temperatura de transição vítrea (Tg) de três cerâmicas feldspáticas utilizadas para o recobrimento da infraestrutura de zircônia em prótese total fixa. A tensão residual e contração linear após a simulação do processo de esfriamento e carga oclusal foram mensuradas. A análise foi efetuada pelo método por elementos finitos num modelo tridimensional de uma prótese total maxilar com infraestrutura em zircônia (e.max ZirCAD) recoberta por três cerâmicas felsdpáticas (GEC - IPS e.max Ceram, GVM - Vita VM9 ou GLC - Lava Ceram). A simulação da contração linear foi realizada pelo esfriamento da estrutura a partir da Tg de cada cerâmica de cobertura até a temperatura ambiente (25 °C). Em seguida, um carregamento de 100 N foi realizado na região oclusal de primeiro molar. A magnitude da tensão máxima principal (smax) e contração linear foram avaliadas. Os níveis de diferença de CTE entre cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura não apresentaram influência significante na smax e na contração linear. Os valores da Tg da cerâmica de cobertura foram diretamente proporcionais à quantidade de smax e contração linear. O grupo GEC apresentou os maiores valores de smax e contração linear, enquanto os grupos GVM e GLC com menores valores não apresentaram diferenças significantes entre si. Em conclusão, o grupo GVM foi similar ao GLC, enquanto o grupo GEC apresentou diferenças em relação a outras cerâmicas de cobertura quanto à tensão residual e contração linear.

10.
Braz Dent J ; 29(2): 166-172, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898063

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate by three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D-FEA) the biomechanics involved in bar-framework system for overdentures. The studied factors were latero-lateral angulation in the right implant (-10, -5, 0, 5 and 10 degrees), and different bar cross-sections (circular, Hader and oval) presenting horizontal misfits (50 or 150 µm) on the opposite implant. Positive angulation (5 and 10 degrees) for implant inclination to mesial position, negative angulation (-5 and -10 degrees) for distal position, and zero degree for parallel implants. The von Mises stresses evaluated the bar, screw and the implant; maximum principal, minimum principal and shear stress analyses evaluated the peri-implant bone tissue. Parallel implants provide lower stress in alveolar bone tissue; mesial inclined bars showed the most negative effect on prosthetic structures and implants. In conclusion, bar cross-section showed no influence on stress distribution for peri-implant bone tissue, and circular bar provided better behavior to the prosthetic system. Higher stress concentration is provided to all system as the misfit increases.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Prótesis de Recubrimiento , Metales/química , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Análisis del Estrés Dental/métodos , Retención de Dentadura , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Humanos
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(2): 166-172, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-951541

RESUMEN

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate by three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D-FEA) the biomechanics involved in bar-framework system for overdentures. The studied factors were latero-lateral angulation in the right implant (-10, -5, 0, 5 and 10 degrees), and different bar cross-sections (circular, Hader and oval) presenting horizontal misfits (50 or 150 µm) on the opposite implant. Positive angulation (5 and 10 degrees) for implant inclination to mesial position, negative angulation (-5 and -10 degrees) for distal position, and zero degree for parallel implants. The von Mises stresses evaluated the bar, screw and the implant; maximum principal, minimum principal and shear stress analyses evaluated the peri-implant bone tissue. Parallel implants provide lower stress in alveolar bone tissue; mesial inclined bars showed the most negative effect on prosthetic structures and implants. In conclusion, bar cross-section showed no influence on stress distribution for peri-implant bone tissue, and circular bar provided better behavior to the prosthetic system. Higher stress concentration is provided to all system as the misfit increases.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar por meio do método por elemento finito tridimensional (3D-AEF) a biomecânica envolvida na infraestrutura do sistema barra-clipe para overdentures. Os fatores de estudo foram inclinação mésio-distal entre implantes (-10, -5, 0, 5, 10 graus) e diferentes seções transversais da barra metálica (circular, oval e Hader) com desajuste horizontal (50 e 150 µm). Valores de inclinação positivas (5 e 10 graus) indicam inclinação do implante para mesial e valores negativos (-5 e -10 graus) mostram inclinação para distal, enquanto zero grau indica implantes paralelos. Valores de tensões equivalentes de von Mises foram utilizadas nos sistemas barra, parafuso e implante. Tensão máxima e mínima principal, e cisalhante foram utilizadas para análise do osso alveolar peri-implante. Implantes paralelos promoveram menores tensões em tecido peri-implante; as inclinações para mesial apresentaram piores resultados para as estruturas protéticas e implantes. As diferentes seções transversais da barra não mostraram influência na distribuição de tensões no osso alveolar peri-implante. Concluindo, a barra circular apresentou melhores resultados para os componentes protéticos e maiores valores de tensões foram observados em todos os modelos na medida que o desajuste aumentou.

12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 17: e181097, 2018. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-963829

RESUMEN

Aim: To compare the reliability between photoelastic and finite element (FE) analyses by evaluating the effect of different marginal misfit levels on the stresses generated on two different implant-supported systems using conventional and short implants. Methods: Two photoelastic models were obtained: model C with two conventional implants (4.1×11 mm); and model S with a conventional and a short implant (5×6 mm). Three-unit CoCr frameworks were fabricated simulating a superior first pre-molar (P) to first molar (M) fixed dental prosthesis. Different levels of misfit (µm) were selected based on the misfit average of 10 frameworks obtained by the single-screw test protocol: low (<20), medium (>20 and <40) and high (>40). Stress levels and distribution were measured by photoelastic analysis. A similar situation of the in vitro assay was designed and simulated by the in silico analysis. Maximum and minimum principal strain were recorded numerically and color-coded for the models. Von Mises Stress was obtained for the metallic components. Results: Photoelasticity and FE analyses showed similar tendency where the increase of misfit generates higher stress levels despite of the implant design. The short implant showed lower von Mises stress values; however, it presented stresses around its full length for the in vitro and in silico analysis. Also, model S showed higher µstrain values for all simulated misfit levels. The type of implant did not affect the stresses around pillar P. Conclusions: Photoelasticity and FEA are reliable methodologies presenting similarity for the investigation of the biomechanical behavior of implant-supported rehabilitations


Asunto(s)
Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Implantes Dentales , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Fenómenos Ópticos
13.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 78: 435-442, 2017 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28576006

RESUMEN

This in vitro study investigated the role of welding techniques of implant-supported prostheses in the 2D and 3D marginal misfits of prosthetic frameworks, strain induced on the mini abutment, and detorque of prosthetic screws. The correlations between the analyzed variables were also investigated. Frameworks were cast in commercially pure titanium (cp-Ti). A marginal misfit of 200µm was simulated in the working models (control group) (n=20). The 2D marginal misfit was analyzed according to the single-screw test protocol using a precision optical microscope. The 3D marginal misfit was performed by X-ray microtomography. Strain gauge analysis was performed to investigate the strain induced on the mini abutment. A digital torque meter was used for analysis of the detorque and the mean value was calculated for each framework. Afterwards, the frameworks were divided into two experimental groups (n=10): Laser (L) and TIG (T). The welding techniques were performed according to the following parameters: L (390V/9ms); T (36A/60ms). The L and T groups were reevaluated according to the marginal misfit, strain, and detorque. The results were submitted to one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's HSD test and Person correlation analysis (α=0.05). Welding techniques statistically reduced the 2D and 3D marginal misfits of prosthetic frameworks (p<0.001), the strain induced on the mini abutment replicas (p=0.006), and improved the screw torque maintenance (p<0.001). Similar behavior was noted between L and T groups for all dependent variables (p>0.05). Positive correlations were observed between 2D and 3D marginal misfit reading methods (r=0.943, p<0.0001) and between misfit and strain (2D r=0.844, p<0.0001 and 3D r=0.864, p<0.0001). Negative correlation was observed between misfit and detorque (2D r=-0.823, p=0.003 and 3D r=-0.811, p=0.005). In conclusion, the welding techniques improved the biomechanical behavior of the implant-supported system. TIG can be an acceptable and affordable technique to reduce the misfit of 3-unit Ti frameworks.


Asunto(s)
Soldadura , Pilares Dentales , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Titanio , Torque , Microtomografía por Rayos X
14.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 69: 715-25, 2016 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27612765

RESUMEN

We evaluated two treatment concepts for the rehabilitation of moderate atrophic maxilla with dental implants (all-on-four and all-on-six) and the effect of framework material on the stress distribution of implant-support system. A three-dimensional finite element model based on a prototype was built to simulate an entirely edentulous maxilla with moderate sinus pneumatization that was rehabilitated with a full-arch fixed dental prosthesis. Four standard implants were positioned according to the all-on-four concept and four standard implants and two short implants were placed according to the all-on-six concept. Three framework materials were evaluated: cobalt-chrome (CoCr), titanium (Ti) and zirconia (Zr), totalizing six groups. A unilateral oblique force of 150N was applied to the posterior teeth. The von Mises (σVM), maximum (σmax) and minimum (σmin) principal stress and displacements were obtained. All-on-six showed smaller σmin, σVM and σmax values on the cortical bone, implants and trabecular bone, respectively. All-on-four exhibited higher displacement levels. Ti presented the highest stress values on the cortical bone, implants, abutments, prosthetic screws and displacement levels. In conclusion, the all-on-six approach and framework stiffer materials showed the most favorable biomechanical behavior. However, the stress values did not exceed the bone resistance limits for both treatment concepts.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Maxilar/patología , Estrés Mecánico , Atrofia , Tornillos Óseos , Hueso Esponjoso/patología , Hueso Cortical/patología , Pilares Dentales , Humanos , Modelos Anatómicos
15.
Braz Dent J ; 27(4): 463-7, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27652712

RESUMEN

The study verified the bond strength in simulated dental restorations of silorane- or methacrylate-based composites repaired with methacrylate-based composite. Methacrylate- (P60) or silorane-based (P90) composites were used associated with adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2). Twenty-four hemi-hourglass-shaped samples were repaired with each composite (n=12). Samples were divided according to groups: G1= P60 + Adper Single Bond 2+ P60; G2= P60 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60 + thermocycling; G3= P90 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60; and G4= P90 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60 + thermocycling. G1 and G3 were submitted to tensile test 24 h after repair procedure, and G2 and G4 after submitted to 5,000 thermocycles at 5 and 55 ?#61616;C for 30 s in each bath. Tensile bond strength test was accomplished in an universal testing machine at crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (5%). Sample failure pattern (adhesive, cohesive in resin or mixed) was evaluated by stereomicroscope at 30?#61655; and images were obtained in SEM. Bond strength values of methacrylate-based composite samples repaired with methacrylate-based composite (G1 and G2) were greater than for silorane-based samples (G3 and G4). Thermocycling decreased the bond strength values for both composites. All groups showed predominance of adhesive failures and no cohesive failure in composite resin was observed. In conclusion, higher bond strength values were observed in methacrylate-based resin samples and greater percentage of adhesive failures in silorane-based resin samples, both composites repaired with methacrylate-based resin.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo
16.
Dent Mater J ; 35(4): 621-6, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27477228

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the microhardness and surface roughness of composite resins immersed in alcoholic beverages. Three composite resins were used: Durafill (Heraeus Kulzer), Z250 (3M-ESPE) and Z350 XT (3M-ESPE). The inital surface roughness and microhardness were measured. The samples were divided into four groups (n=30): G1-artificial saliva; G2-beer; G3-vodka; G4-whisky. The samples were immersed in the beverages 3× a day for 15 min and 30 days. The surface roughness and microhardness assays were repeated after immersion period. The data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey-HSD test (p<0.05). Surface roughness increased for all composite resins immersed in beer and whisky. Microhardness of all groups decreased after immersion in alcoholic beverages. The effect of these beverages on dental composites is depended upon the chemical composition, immersion time, alcohol content and pH of solutions.


Asunto(s)
Bebidas Alcohólicas , Resinas Compuestas , Bebidas , Materiales Dentales , Dureza , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(4): 463-467, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-794619

RESUMEN

Abstract The study verified the bond strength in simulated dental restorations of silorane- or methacrylate-based composites repaired with methacrylate-based composite. Methacrylate- (P60) or silorane-based (P90) composites were used associated with adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2). Twenty-four hemi-hourglass-shaped samples were repaired with each composite (n=12). Samples were divided according to groups: G1= P60 + Adper Single Bond 2+ P60; G2= P60 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60 + thermocycling; G3= P90 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60; and G4= P90 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60 + thermocycling. G1 and G3 were submitted to tensile test 24 h after repair procedure, and G2 and G4 after submitted to 5,000 thermocycles at 5 and 55 ?#61616;C for 30 s in each bath. Tensile bond strength test was accomplished in an universal testing machine at crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (5%). Sample failure pattern (adhesive, cohesive in resin or mixed) was evaluated by stereomicroscope at 30?#61655; and images were obtained in SEM. Bond strength values of methacrylate-based composite samples repaired with methacrylate-based composite (G1 and G2) were greater than for silorane-based samples (G3 and G4). Thermocycling decreased the bond strength values for both composites. All groups showed predominance of adhesive failures and no cohesive failure in composite resin was observed. In conclusion, higher bond strength values were observed in methacrylate-based resin samples and greater percentage of adhesive failures in silorane-based resin samples, both composites repaired with methacrylate-based resin.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi verificar a resistência de união em restaurações simuladas de compósitos baseados em metacrilato ou silorano reparadas com compósito à base de metacrilato. Compósitos baseados em metacrilato (Filtek P60; 3M ESPE) ou silorano (Filtek P90; 3M ESPE) foram associados com adesivo (Adper Single Bond 2; 3M ESPE). Vinte e quatro amostras em forma de semi-ampulhetas foram reparadas com cada material (n=12), conforme os grupos experimentais: G1- P60 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60; G2- P60 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60 + termociclagem; G3- P90 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60; e G4- P90 + Adper Single Bond 2 + P60 + termociclagem. Os grupos G1 e G3 foram submetidos ao ensaio de tração após 24 horas do procedimento de reparo e os grupos G2 e G4 depois de submetidos a 5.000 ciclos térmicos de 5 e 55 ?#61616;C por 30 s em cada banho. O teste de resistência à tração foi efetuado em máquina universal atuando numa velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados (MPa) foram submetidos a ANOVA a dois fatores e teste de Tukey (5%). O padrão de fratura das amostras (adesivo, coesivo em resina ou misto) foi avaliado em estereomicroscópio com aumento de 30x e imagens representativas foram obtidas em MEV. Os valores de resistência à tração das amostras feitas com compósito à base de metacrilato e reparadas com compósito à base de metacrilato (G1 e G2) foram maiores do que nas amostras feitas com compósito à base de silorano e reparadas nas mesmas condições (G3 e G4). A termociclagem diminuiu os valores de resistência à tração para ambos os compósitos. Todos os grupos mostraram predominância de fraturas adesivas e nenhuma falha coesiva foi observada em compósito. Em conclusão, valores maiores de resistência à tração foram observados em amostras de resina à base de metacrilato e maior porcentagem de fraturas adesivas nas amostras de resina à base de silorano, ambos os compósitos reparados com resina à base de metacrilato.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo
18.
Braz Dent J ; 27(2): 176-80, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27058380

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the conventional and boiled polymerization cycles on gloss, roughness, hardness and impact strength of acrylic resins. Samples were made for each Classico and QC-20 materials (n=10) in dental stone molds obtained from rectangular metallic matrices embedded in metallic flasks. The powder-liquid ratio and manipulation of the acrylic resins' were accomplished according to manufacturers' instructions and the resins were conventionally packed in metallic flasks. After polymerization by (1) conventional: 74 °C for 9 h (Classico) and (2) boiled: 20 min (QC-20) cycles, the samples were deflasked after cooling at room temperature and conventionally finished and polished. The properties were evaluated after storage in water at 37 °C for 24 h. Gloss was verified with Multi Gloss 268 meter (Konica Minolta), surface roughness was measured with Surfcorder SE 1700 rugosimeter (Kosaka), Knoop hardness number was obtained with HMV-200 microdurometer, and impact strength was measured in an Otto Wolpert-Werke device by Charpy system (40 kpcm). Data were subjected to Student's t-test (at α=0.05). The results were: Gloss: 67.7 and 62.2 for Classico and QC-20 resins, respectively; Surface roughness: 0.874 and 1.469 Ra-µm for Classico and QC-20, respectively; Knoop hardness: 27.4 and 26.9 for Classico and QC-20, respectively; and Impact strength: 37.6 and 33.6 kgf/cm2 for Classico and QC-20, respectively. No statistically significant difference (p>0.05)were found between the resins for the evaluated properties. In conclusion, conventional and boiled polymerization cycles had similar effects on gloss, roughness, hardness and impact strength of both Classico and QC-20 resins.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas/química , Polimerizacion , Dureza , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(2): 176-180, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: lil-778339

RESUMEN

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the conventional and boiled polymerization cycles on gloss, roughness, hardness and impact strength of acrylic resins. Samples were made for each Classico and QC-20 materials (n=10) in dental stone molds obtained from rectangular metallic matrices embedded in metallic flasks. The powder-liquid ratio and manipulation of the acrylic resins' were accomplished according to manufacturers' instructions and the resins were conventionally packed in metallic flasks. After polymerization by (1) conventional: 74 °C for 9 h (Classico) and (2) boiled: 20 min (QC-20) cycles, the samples were deflasked after cooling at room temperature and conventionally finished and polished. The properties were evaluated after storage in water at 37 °C for 24 h. Gloss was verified with Multi Gloss 268 meter (Konica Minolta), surface roughness was measured with Surfcorder SE 1700 rugosimeter (Kosaka), Knoop hardness number was obtained with HMV-200 microdurometer, and impact strength was measured in an Otto Wolpert-Werke device by Charpy system (40 kpcm). Data were subjected to Student's t-test (at α=0.05). The results were: Gloss: 67.7 and 62.2 for Classico and QC-20 resins, respectively; Surface roughness: 0.874 and 1.469 Ra-µm for Classico and QC-20, respectively; Knoop hardness: 27.4 and 26.9 for Classico and QC-20, respectively; and Impact strength: 37.6 and 33.6 kgf/cm2 for Classico and QC-20, respectively. No statistically significant difference (p>0.05)were found between the resins for the evaluated properties. In conclusion, conventional and boiled polymerization cycles had similar effects on gloss, roughness, hardness and impact strength of both Classico and QC-20 resins.


Resumo O propósito neste estudo foi avaliar os ciclos de polimerização convencional e por fervura sobre o brilho, rugosidade, dureza e resistência ao impacto de resinas acrílicas. Amostras foram confeccionadas para cada resina Clássico ou QC-20 (n=20) em moldes de gesso obtidos de matrizes metálicas retangulares incluídas em muflas metálicas. A proporção monômero/polímero das resinas e manipulação foram de acordo com as recomendações dos fabricantes e a massa convencionalmente incluída em muflas metálicas. Após polimerização nos ciclos (1) convencional: 74 °C por 9 horas (Clássico) e (2) fervura: 20 min (QC-20), as amostras foram demufladas após esfriadas em temperatura ambiente e convencionalmente acabadas e polidas. As propriedades foram avaliadas após armazenagem das amostras em água a 37 °C por 24 h. O brilho foi verificado com medidor Multi Gloss 268 (Konica Minolta), a rugosidade avaliada com rugosímetro Surfcorder SE 1700 (Kosaka), a dureza Knoop foi obtida com microdurômetro HMV-200 (Shimadzu) e a resistência ao impacto determinada pelo sistema Charpy (Otto Wolpert Werke). Os dados submetidos ao teste t de Student (α=0.05) mostraram que Os resultados foram: brilho: 67,7 e 62,2 para Clássico e QC-20, respectivamente; rugosidade: 0,874 e 1,469 Ra-µm para Clássico e QC-20, respectivamente; dureza: 27,4 e 26,9 para Clássico e QC-20, respectivamente; e resistência ao impacto: 37,6 e 33,6 kgf/cm2 para Clássico e QC-20, respectivamente. Não houve diference estatisticamente significante entre as resinas para as propriedades avaliadas. Conclui-se que os ciclos de polimerização convencional e por fervura promoveram similares efeitos sobre o brilho, rugosidade, dureza e resistência ao impacto para ambas as resinas Clássico e QC-20.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas/química , Polimerizacion , Dureza , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
20.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 62: 746-51, 2016 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26952480

RESUMEN

The influence of casting and masticatory simulation on marginal misfit and strain in multiple implant-supported prostheses was evaluated. Three-unit screw retained fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) and screw retained full-arch fixed dental prosthesis (FAFDP) frameworks were made using calcinable or overcasted cylinders on conical dental implant abutment. Four groups were obtained according to the cylinder and prosthesis type (n=10). Frameworks were casted in CoCr alloy and subjected to strain gauge analyses and marginal misfit measurements before and after 10(6) mechanical cycles (2 Hz/280 N). Results were submitted to ANOVA, Tukey's HSD and Pearson correlation test (α=0.05). No difference was found on misfit among all groups and times (p>0.05). Overcasted frameworks showed higher strain than the calcinable ones (FDP - Initial p=0.0047; Final p=0.0004; FAFDP - Initial p=0.0476; Final p=0.0115). The masticatory simulation did not influence strain (p>0.05). No correlation was observed between strain and misfit (r=0.24; p>0.05). In conclusion, the marginal misfit value in the overcasted full-arch frameworks was higher than clinical acceptable data. It proved that overcasted method is not an ideal method for full-arch prosthesis. Overcasted frameworks generate higher strain upon the system. The masticatory simulation had no influence on misfit and strain of multiple prostheses.


Asunto(s)
Aleaciones de Cromo/química , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Pilares Dentales , Retención de Prótesis Dentales , Modelos Teóricos
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