Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26
Filtrar
1.
Rev. argent. salud publica ; 13: 1-8, 5/02/2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BINACIS, ARGMSAL | ID: biblio-1147271

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son causadas por el desarrollo anómalo del corazón durante el período embriofetal. Abarcan un amplio espectro de anomalías estructurales de las cavidades cardíacas o de los grandes vasos, con una prevalencia mundial de 6 a 9 por 1000 nacimientos. En Argentina constituyen un tercio de las anomalías congénitas (AC) al nacimiento. Si bien su etiología es heterogénea, se ha observado recurrencia familiar acorde con la influencia de factores genéticos. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la presencia de anomalías cromosómicas, desbalances genómicos o variantes de secuencias en una muestra de niños afectados con CC en Argentina. MÉTODOS: Se incluyó a 289 pacientes con CC de hasta 16 años. Se realizó un cariotipo para pacientes con otras AC y análisis por amplificación múltiple de sondas dependiente de ligación (MLPA) de regiones genómicas asociadas a CC para aquellos con CC conotroncales. En muestras seleccionadas, se analizaron desbalances genómicos por microarreglos de ADN (array-CGH) o variantes de secuencia en el gen NKX2-5. RESULTADOS: Hubo 9 pacientes que presentaron anomalías cromosómicas, 21 desbalances por MLPA y 8 por array-CGH. No se hallaron variantes patogénicas en NKX2-5 en los casos estudiados. DISCUSIÓN: Se halló la causa de la afección en el 13% de los casos analizados. El estudio de pacientes con CC aisladas o asociadas a otras AC no había sido abordado previamente en Argentina mediante este algoritmo


Asunto(s)
Aberraciones Cromosómicas , Genética Médica , Cardiopatías
2.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(12): e00247719, 2021.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440423

RESUMEN

The aim was to explain differences in the rates of adverse perinatal events in teenage mothers with low and high schooling. The sample was collected from the Latin American Colaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) database. From a total of 2,443,747 births in 93 hospitals, 66,755 live newborns without congenital malformations were recruited from 2000 to 2017. Teenage mothers were classified according to low, medium, and high schooling. A multivariate model was used that included reproductive history, access to health services, demographic and socioeconomic variables, and ethnic group. The Fairlie decomposition model was applied to quantify the contribution of explanatory variables to the adverse perinatal event rates. Of the 66,755 newborns analyzed, 21.1% (n = 14,078) were born to teenage mothers. Distribution of maternal schooling was 24.2%, 59.8%, and 16% for low, medium, and high schooling, respectively. The highest rates of adverse perinatal events were seen in teenage mothers with low schooling. The variable "access to health services" explained 35%, 37%, and 23% of the disparities in low birthweight, prematurity, and intrauterine growth restriction, respectively, among teenage mother with low and high schooling. Low number of prenatal visits was the only risk factor for the two levels of schooling and the variable that best explained the differences between the rates of adverse perinatal events. From the public health perspective, prenatal care represents a low-cost intervention with the possibility of increased implementation through adequate information for the population and systematic measures in primary care.


Asunto(s)
Madres , Embarazo en Adolescencia , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido de Bajo Peso , Recién Nacido , Embarazo , Resultado del Embarazo/epidemiología , Atención Prenatal
3.
Pediatr Res ; 2020 Oct 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070163

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of perinatal morbimortality worldwide. Genetic and environmental factors could raise PTB risk. The aim of this study was to analyze the contribution of the statistical interaction between genes and vaginal-urinary tract infections (VI-UTI) to the risk of PTB by clinical subtype. METHODS: Twenty-four SNPs were genotyped in 18 candidate genes from 352 fetal triads and 106 maternal triads. Statistical interactions were evaluated with conditional logistic regression models based on genotypic transmission/disequilibrium test. RESULTS: In PTB-idiopathic subtype mothers exposed to UTI, fetal SNPs rs11686474 (FSHR), rs4458044 (CRHR1, allele G), rs883319 (KCNN3), and maternal SNP rs1882435 (COL4A3) showed a nominal significant increment in prematurity risk. In preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), fetal SNP rs2277698 (TIMP2) showed a nominal significant risk increment. In mothers exposed to VI, fetal SNP rs5742612 (IGF1) in PTB-PPROM and maternal SNP rs4458044 (CRHR1, allele C) in spontaneous PTB showed nominal significant increment in prematurity risk. CONCLUSIONS: Certain maternal and fetal genes linked to infectious/inflammatory and hormonal regulation processes increase prematurity risk according to clinical subtype when mothers are exposed to UTI or VI. These findings may help in the understanding of PTB etiology and PTB prevention. IMPACT: Preterm birth is a major cause of perinatal morbimortality worldwide and its etiology remains unknown.This work provides evidence on the statistical interaction of six genes with gestational vaginal or urinary infections leading to the occurrence of preterm births. Statistical interactions vary according to infection type, genotype (maternal and fetal), and clinical subtype of prematurity.Certain maternal and fetal genetic variants of genes linked to infectious/inflammatory and hormonal regulation processes would increase the risk of prematurity according to clinical subtype and infection type.Our findings may help in the study of etiology of preterm birth and its prevention.

4.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233529, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442191

RESUMEN

Birth defects are prenatal morphological or functional anomalies. Associations among them are studied to identify their etiopathogenesis. The graph theory methods allow analyzing relationships among a complete set of anomalies. A graph consists of nodes which represent the entities (birth defects in the present work), and edges that join nodes indicating the relationships among them. The aim of the present study was to validate the graph theory methods to study birth defect associations. All birth defects monitoring records from the Estudio Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformaciones Congénitas gathered between 1967 and 2017 were used. From around 5 million live and stillborn infants, 170,430 had one or more birth defects. Volume-adjusted Chi-Square was used to determine the association strength between two birth defects and to weight the graph edges. The complete birth defect graph showed a Log-Normal degree distribution and its characteristics differed from random, scale-free and small-world graphs. The graph comprised 118 nodes and 550 edges. Birth defects with the highest centrality values were nonspecific codes such as Other upper limb anomalies. After partition, the graph yielded 12 groups; most of them were recognizable and included conditions such as VATER and OEIS associations, and Patau syndrome. Our findings validate the graph theory methods to study birth defect associations. This method may contribute to identify underlying etiopathogeneses as well as to improve coding systems.


Asunto(s)
Anomalías Congénitas/epidemiología , Ciencia de los Datos/métodos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Distribuciones Estadísticas
5.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(12): e00247719, 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153650

RESUMEN

Resumen: El objetivo fue explicar las diferencias en la frecuencia de eventos perinatales adversos entre madres adolescentes con baja y alta escolaridad. La muestra poblacional se recogió en la base de datos del Estudio Colaborativo Latinoamericano de Malformaciones Congénitas (ECLAMC). Entre 2.443.747 nacimientos ocurridos en 93 hospitales, se reclutaron 66.755 recién nacidos vivos, sin defectos congénitos, durante el período 2000-2017. Las madres adolescentes se clasificaron según su escolaridad en: baja, media y alta. Se utilizó un modelo multivariado, que incluyó efectos reproductivos, acceso a servicios de salud, variables demográficas-socioeconómicas, así como de grupo étnico. El modelo de descomposición de Fairlie se aplicó para cuantificar la contribución de variables explicativas en las frecuencias de eventos perinatales adversos. De los 66.755 recién nacidos investigados, el 21,1% (n = 14.078) fue primigrávida de madres adolescentes. La distribución por escolaridad materna fue de 24,2%, 59,8% y 16% para baja, media y alta escolaridad, respectivamente. Las mayores frecuencias de eventos perinatales adversos se observaron en madres adolescentes con baja escolaridad. La variable "acceso a servicios de salud" explicó un 35%, 37% y 23% de las disparidades en el bajo peso al nacimiento, prematuridad y retardo de crecimiento intrauterino, respectivamente, entre madres adolescentes con baja y alta escolaridad. El bajo número de consultas prenatales fue el único factor de riesgo para los dos niveles de escolaridad y la variable que mejor explica las diferencias entre las frecuencias de eventos perinatales adversos. Desde el punto de vista de la salud pública, ellos representan una intervención de bajo coste, con posibilidad de que se incrementen mediante información adecuada para la población y medidas sistemáticas en los niveles de atención primaria.


Abstract: The aim was to explain differences in the rates of adverse perinatal events in teenage mothers with low and high schooling. The sample was collected from the Latin American Colaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) database. From a total of 2,443,747 births in 93 hospitals, 66,755 live newborns without congenital malformations were recruited from 2000 to 2017. Teenage mothers were classified according to low, medium, and high schooling. A multivariate model was used that included reproductive history, access to health services, demographic and socioeconomic variables, and ethnic group. The Fairlie decomposition model was applied to quantify the contribution of explanatory variables to the adverse perinatal event rates. Of the 66,755 newborns analyzed, 21.1% (n = 14,078) were born to teenage mothers. Distribution of maternal schooling was 24.2%, 59.8%, and 16% for low, medium, and high schooling, respectively. The highest rates of adverse perinatal events were seen in teenage mothers with low schooling. The variable "access to health services" explained 35%, 37%, and 23% of the disparities in low birthweight, prematurity, and intrauterine growth restriction, respectively, among teenage mother with low and high schooling. Low number of prenatal visits was the only risk factor for the two levels of schooling and the variable that best explained the differences between the rates of adverse perinatal events. From the public health perspective, prenatal care represents a low-cost intervention with the possibility of increased implementation through adequate information for the population and systematic measures in primary care.


Resumo: O objetivo foi explicar as diferenças na frequência de eventos perinatais adversos entre mães adolescentes com baixa e alta escolaridade. A amostra populacional foi coletada na base de dados do Estudo Colaborativo Latino-Americano de Malformações Congênitas (ECLAMC). Entre 2.443.747 nascimentos ocorridos em 93 hospitais, 66.755 recém-nascidos vivos sem defeitos congênitos foram recrutados no período 2000-2017. As mães adolescentes foram classificadas segundo sua escolaridade em: baixa, média e alta. Foi utilizado um modelo multivariado que incluiu efeitos reprodutivos, acesso a serviços de saúde, variáveis demográficas-socioeconômicas e de grupo étnico. O modelo de decomposição de Fairlie foi aplicado para quantificar a contribuição de variáveis explicativas nas frequências de eventos perinatais adversos. Dos 66.755 recém-nascidos pesquisados, o 21,1% (n = 14.078) foi a mãe adolescente. A distribuição por escolaridade materna foi de 24,2%, 59,8% e 16% para baixa escolaridade, média escolaridade e alta escolaridade, respectivamente. As maiores frequências de eventos perinatais adversos foram observadas em mães adolescentes com baixa escolaridade. A variável "acesso a serviços de saúde"; explicou 35%, 37% e 23% das disparidades no baixo peso ao nascer, prematuridade e retardo de crescimento intrauterino, respectivamente, entre mães adolescentes com baixa e alta escolaridades. O baixo número de consultas pré-natais foi o único fator de risco para os dois níveis de escolaridade e a variável que melhor explica as diferenças entre as frequências de eventos perinatais adversos. Do ponto de vista da saúde pública, eles representam uma intervenção de baixo custo, com possibilidade de ser incrementadas por meio de informações adequadas à população e medidas sistemáticas nos níveis de atenção primária.

6.
Birth Defects Res ; 111(4): 222-228, 2019 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30589520

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite the numerous reports on the limb body wall complex (LBWC), this association has never been adequately defined. Amniotic bands (AB) are frequently present but their role remains unclear. Since most reports were based on clinical and often subjective diagnoses, the aim of this work was to define LBWC and the role of AB, minimizing subjectivity. METHODS: Data were obtained from the ECLAMC maternity hospitals network database. A total of 450 live and stillborn infants, born during 1967-2013, with AB or the LBWC were selected. A hierarchical cluster analysis was used to classify cases into homogeneous groups (sharing similar associated defects); robustness of the classification was confirmed with a discriminant analysis. The frequency of associated defects was compared among groups; those whose frequency differed significantly were included in a logistic regression to establish their association within each group. RESULTS: The cluster analysis identified two groups: a body wall defect (BWD) predominating in one, AB in the other. These groups were further divided into: BWD (cases with only BWD), AB (with only AB), BWD + AB, and NONE (with neither). Association with caudal defects and lower limb amelia was observed for BWD, with cephalic defects and upper limb amputations for BWD + AB. CONCLUSIONS: The results, obtained with the least possible subjectivity, indicated that BWD and BWD + AB are different conditions. Since BWD specifically associates with amelia, we propose that this defect and not any limb deficiency should be considered as inclusion criterium and that it should be included in the BWD acronym as LBWC.


Asunto(s)
Anomalías Múltiples , Síndrome de Bandas Amnióticas , Bases de Datos Factuales , Ectromelia , Mortinato/epidemiología , Anomalías Múltiples/epidemiología , Anomalías Múltiples/patología , Síndrome de Bandas Amnióticas/epidemiología , Síndrome de Bandas Amnióticas/patología , Ectromelia/epidemiología , Ectromelia/patología , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos
7.
Genes (Basel) ; 9(9)2018 Sep 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208644

RESUMEN

Congenital conotruncal heart defects (CCHD) are a subset of serious congenital heart defects (CHD) of the cardiac outflow tracts or great arteries. Its frequency is estimated in 1/1000 live births, accounting for approximately 10⁻30% of all CHD cases. Chromosomal abnormalities and copy number variants (CNVs) contribute to the disease risk in patients with syndromic and/or non-syndromic forms. Although largely studied in several populations, their frequencies are barely reported for Latin American countries. The aim of this study was to analyze chromosomal abnormalities, 22q11 deletions, and other genomic imbalances in a group of Argentinean patients with CCHD of unknown etiology. A cohort of 219 patients with isolated CCHD or associated with other major anomalies were referred from different provinces of Argentina. Cytogenetic studies, Multiplex-Ligation-Probe-Amplification (MLPA) and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis were performed. No cytogenetic abnormalities were found. 22q11 deletion was found in 23.5% of the patients from our cohort, 66% only had CHD with no other major anomalies. None of the patients with transposition of the great vessels (TGV) carried the 22q11 deletion. Other 4 clinically relevant CNVs were also observed: a distal low copy repeat (LCR)D-E 22q11 duplication, and 17p13.3, 4q35 and TBX1 deletions. In summary, 25.8% of CCHD patients presented imbalances associated with the disease.

8.
PLoS One ; 13(3): e0193127, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538416

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Historically, neural tube defects (NTDs) have predominated in female infants but the reasons remain unclear. In South America, the pre- folic acid fortification (FAF) rates of NTDs were around 18/10,000 births for females and 12/10,000 births for males, with an estimated sex ratio (male/female) of 0.67. During the post- FAF period, unpublished routine reports have indicated changes in the sex ratio for these defects while some descriptive reports are controversial. To date and to our knowledge, however, no studies specifically focusing on these changes to test this hypothesis directly have been undertaken. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in the sex ratio of infants with NTDs after FAF in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With a descriptive cross-sectional study design, 2,597 infants with isolated NTDs born between 1990 and 2013 in 3 countries participating in the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) network were included: (Chile N = 521 and Argentina N = 1,619 [with FAF policies]; Venezuela N = 457 [without FAF policies; used as control]; total births = 2,229,561). The differences-in-differences method and Poisson regressions were used to evaluate the sex ratio shift from female to male before vs. after FAF, and to assess whether these differences were related to the fortification. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In Chile and Argentina the prevalence of NTDs, particularly anencephaly and cervico-thoracic spina bifida, showed a greater reduction rate in females than in males after FAF, resulting in a change of the sex ratio of infants with NTDs. Some mechanisms possibly involved in this differential reduction are proposed which might be useful to identify the pathogenesis of NTDs as a whole and specifically of those susceptible to the protective effect of folic acid.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Fólico/administración & dosificación , Alimentos Fortificados , Defectos del Tubo Neural/epidemiología , Defectos del Tubo Neural/prevención & control , Caracteres Sexuales , Argentina/epidemiología , Chile/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Factores Sexuales
9.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 41: e110, 2018 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29466515

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of individual low socioeconomic status (SES) and deprived geographical area (GA) on the occurrence of isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) in Argentina. METHODS: This case-control study included 577 newborns with isolated CL±P and 13 344 healthy controls, born between 1992 and 2001, from a total population of 546 129 births in 39 hospitals in Argentina. Census data on unsatisfied basic needs were used to establish the degree of geographical area deprivation. An SES index for each individual was established, using maternal age, gravidity, low paternal and maternal education, and low-level paternal occupation. Logistic regression was used to assess the effects of low SES and of deprived GA on CL±P. RESULTS: A slightly increased risk of CL±P was observed in mothers with a low SES, while a deprived GA showed no effect. Native ancestry, acute maternal illnesses, and poor prenatal care were significant risk factors for CL±P for the mothers with low SES, after using propensity scores to adjust for the demographic characteristics in cases and controls. CONCLUSIONS: Low individual SES slightly increased the risk for CL±P, but a deprived GA did not have that effect. There was no interaction between individual SES and deprived GA. Factors related to low individual SES-including poor prenatal care, low parental education, lack of information, and lifestyle factors-should be primarily targeted as risk factors for CL±P rather than factors related to a deprived place of residence.

10.
Artículo en Inglés | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-34347

RESUMEN

Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of individual low socioeconomic status (SES) and deprived geographical area (GA) on the occurrence of isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) in Argentina. Methods. This case-control study included 577 newborns with isolated CL±P and 13 344 healthy controls, born between 1992 and 2001, from a total population of 546 129 births in 39 hospitals in Argentina. Census data on unsatisfied basic needs were used to establish the degree of geographical area deprivation. An SES index for each individual was established, using maternal age, gravidity, low paternal and maternal education, and low-level paternal occupation. Logistic regression was used to assess the effects of low SES and of deprived GA on CL±P. Results. A slightly increased risk of CL±P was observed in mothers with a low SES, while a deprived GA showed no effect. Native ancestry, acute maternal illnesses, and poor prenatal care were significant risk factors for CL±P for the mothers with low SES, after using propensity scores to adjust for the demographic characteristics in cases and controls. Conclusions. Low individual SES slightly increased the risk for CL±P, but a deprived GA did not have that effect. There was no interaction between individual SES and deprived GA. Factors related to low individual SES—including poor prenatal care, low parental education, lack of information, and lifestyle factors—should be primarily targeted as risk factors for CL±P rather than factors related to a deprived place of residence.


Objetivo. Analizar los efectos de un bajo nivel socioeconómico individual y una zona geográfica desfavorable en la aparición del labio leporino aislado con o sin paladar hendido (LL ± P) en Argentina. Métodos. En este estudio de casos y controles se incluyeron 577 recién nacidos con LL ± P aislado y 13 344 controles sanos nacidos entre 1992 y 2001, de un total de 546 129 nacimientos ocurridos en 39 hospitales de Argentina. Para identificar las zonas geográficas desfavorables se utilizaron datos del Índice de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas. Se calculó un índice de nivel socioeconómico para cada participante usando la edad materna, el número de embarazos, el nivel de instrucción bajo del padre y la madre, y el nivel de ocupación bajo del padre. Se usó regresión logística para evaluar los efectos de un bajo nivel socioeconómico y una zona geográfica desfavorable en la ocurrencia de LL ± P. Resultados. Se observó un riesgo levemente mayor de LL ± P en madres con bajo nivel socioeconómico, mientras que una zona geográfica desfavorable no mostró ningún efecto. La ascendencia indígena, las enfermedades agudas maternas y una atención prenatal deficiente fueron factores de riesgo significativos para LL ± P en madres con bajo nivel socioeconómico, después de ajustar las características demográficas de casos y controles mediante análisis de propensión. Conclusiones. Un bajo nivel socioeconómico aumentó levemente el riesgo de LL ± P, pero una zona geográfica desfavorable no mostró ese efecto. No hubo interacción entre un bajo nivel socioeconómico individual y una zona geográfica desfavorable. Los factores relacionados con un bajo nivel socioeconómico individual —inclusive una atención prenatal deficiente, la baja educación de los padres, la falta de información y el estilo de vida— deben abordarse principalmente como factores de riesgo de LL ± P más que los factores relacionados con una zona de residencia desfavorable.


Objetivo. Examinar os efeitos do baixo nível socioeconômico individual e área geográfica em situação de carência na ocorrência de fissura labial isolada com ou sem fissura palatina (FL ± P) na Argentina. Métodos. Estudo de caso-controle que compreendeu 577 recém-nascidos com FL isolada ± P e 13 344 controles saudáveis, nascidos entre 1992 e 2001, de uma população total de 546 129 nascimentos em 39 hospitais na Argentina. Foram usados dados censitários sobre necessidades básicas existentes para estabelecer o grau de carência das áreas geográficas. Foi determinado um índice de nível socioeconômico para cada indivíduo baseado na idade materna, número de gestações, baixa escolaridade materna e paterna e ocupação paterna de baixo nível. Foi realizada uma regressão logística para avaliar os efeitos do baixo nível socioeconômico e área geográfica em situação de carência na ocorrência de FL ± P. Resultados. Observou-se um risco discretamente aumentado de FL ± P em mães com baixo nível socioeconômico, mas nenhum efeito foi verificado quanto à área geográfica em situação de carência. Descendência indígena, doença materna aguda e assistência pré-natal precária foram fatores de risco importantes para FL ± P nas mães com baixo nível socioeconômico, após o uso de escores de propensão para ajustar as características demográficas em casos e controles. Conclusões. O baixo nível socioeconômico individual foi associado a um discreto aumento do risco de FL ± P, mas este efeito não foi observado para área geográfica em situação de carência. Não houve interação entre nível socioeconômico individual e área geográfica em situação de carência. Fatores relacionados ao baixo nível socioeconômico individual, como assistência pré-natal precária, baixa escolaridade dos pais, falta de informação e fatores relacionados aos hábitos de vida, devem ser o foco principal porque eles são os fatores de risco para FL ± P, não fatores relacionados ao domicílio em área carente.


Asunto(s)
Labio Leporino , Fisura del Paladar , Clase Social , Argentina
11.
Birth Defects Res ; 109(4): 254-261, 2017 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28398666

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Some studies, mainly in the older literature, observed a significant association between miscarriages and birth defects (BDs) occurring in the same sibship. However, few studies examined the BD/miscarriage relationship in depth. In addition nothing has been added to the underlying mechanisms possibly linking both events. The purpose of this work was to identify specific BDs associated with maternal miscarriages. In particular, it examined whether the risk depended on the number of losses, and to suggest the existence of specific factors for each BD/miscarriage association observed. METHODS: The study relied on the Latin American Collaborative Study on Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) database registries including 26,906 live and stillborn infants with one of 19 selected isolated BDs and 93,853 normal controls. Infants born to primigravid mothers were excluded from the present study. Demographic and reproductive variables were compared between control mothers With and Without previous miscarriages. The number, frequency, and distribution of miscarriages were observed for each BD and controls. A conditional logistic regression was applied to evaluate the miscarriage risk for each BD. RESULTS: Control mothers with previous miscarriages were older, had had more pregnancies, and were less educated. Three risk patterns of miscarriages were observed: a very high risk of miscarriages associated with gastroschisis, omphalocele, and talipes; only one miscarriage associated with spina bifida, and two or more miscarriages associated with hypospadias. CONCLUSION: These three patterns suggest that different factors underly each BD/miscarriage association: infertility for hypospadias, vascular disruption for gastroschisis and talipes, while for spina bifida, the much debated trophoblastic cell residue theory could not be discarded. Birth Defects Research 109:254-261, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Espontáneo/epidemiología , Gastrosquisis/epidemiología , Hernia Umbilical/epidemiología , Hipospadias/epidemiología , Disrafia Espinal/epidemiología , Pie Zambo/epidemiología , Aborto Espontáneo/diagnóstico , Aborto Espontáneo/fisiopatología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Argentina/epidemiología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Bases de Datos Factuales , Escolaridad , Femenino , Gastrosquisis/diagnóstico , Gastrosquisis/patología , Número de Embarazos/fisiología , Hernia Umbilical/diagnóstico , Hernia Umbilical/patología , Humanos , Hipospadias/diagnóstico , Hipospadias/patología , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Paridad/fisiología , Embarazo , Sistema de Registros , Riesgo , Disrafia Espinal/diagnóstico , Disrafia Espinal/patología , Estadística como Asunto , Mortinato/epidemiología , Pie Zambo/diagnóstico , Pie Zambo/patología
12.
Pediatr Res ; 82(3): 554-559, 2017 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28426651

RESUMEN

BackgroundPreterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. PTB is often classified according to clinical presentation as follows: idiopathic (PTB-I), preterm premature rupture of membranes (PTB-PPROM), and medically induced (PTB-M). The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between specific candidate genes and clinical subtypes of PTB.MethodsTwenty-four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 18 candidate genes in 709 infant triads. Of them, 243 were PTB-I, 256 were PTB-PPROM, and 210 were PTB-M. These data were analyzed with a Family-Based Association.ResultsPTB was nominally associated with rs2272365 in PON1, rs883319 in KCNN3, rs4458044 in CRHR1, and rs610277 in F3. Regarding clinical subtypes analysis, three SNPs were associated with PTB-I (rs2272365 in PON1, rs10178458 in COL4A3, and rs4458044 in CRHR1), rs610277 in F3 was associated with PTB-PPROM, and rs883319 in KCNN3 and rs610277 in F3 were associated with PTB-M.ConclusionOur study identified polymorphisms potentially associated with specific clinical subtypes of PTB in this Latin American population. These results could suggest a specific role of such genes in the mechanisms involved in each clinical subtype. Further studies are required to confirm our results and to determine the role of these genes in the pathophysiology of clinical subtypes.


Asunto(s)
Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Nacimiento Prematuro/clasificación , Adulto , Femenino , Rotura Prematura de Membranas Fetales , Frecuencia de los Genes , Genotipo , Humanos , Lactante , Mortalidad Infantil , Recién Nacido , América Latina , Embarazo , Adulto Joven
13.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 41: e110, 2017. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-961684

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of individual low socioeconomic status (SES) and deprived geographical area (GA) on the occurrence of isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) in Argentina. Methods This case-control study included 577 newborns with isolated CL±P and 13 344 healthy controls, born between 1992 and 2001, from a total population of 546 129 births in 39 hospitals in Argentina. Census data on unsatisfied basic needs were used to establish the degree of geographical area deprivation. An SES index for each individual was established, using maternal age, gravidity, low paternal and maternal education, and low-level paternal occupation. Logistic regression was used to assess the effects of low SES and of deprived GA on CL±P. Results A slightly increased risk of CL±P was observed in mothers with a low SES, while a deprived GA showed no effect. Native ancestry, acute maternal illnesses, and poor prenatal care were significant risk factors for CL±P for the mothers with low SES, after using propensity scores to adjust for the demographic characteristics in cases and controls. Conclusions Low individual SES slightly increased the risk for CL±P, but a deprived GA did not have that effect. There was no interaction between individual SES and deprived GA. Factors related to low individual SES—including poor prenatal care, low parental education, lack of information, and lifestyle factors—should be primarily targeted as risk factors for CL±P rather than factors related to a deprived place of residence.


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar los efectos de un bajo nivel socioeconómico individual y una zona geográfica desfavorable en la aparición del labio leporino aislado con o sin paladar hendido (LL ± P) en Argentina. Métodos En este estudio de casos y controles se incluyeron 577 recién nacidos con LL ± P aislado y 13 344 controles sanos nacidos entre 1992 y 2001, de un total de 546 129 nacimientos ocurridos en 39 hospitales de Argentina. Para identificar las zonas geográficas desfavorables se utilizaron datos del Índice de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas. Se calculó un índice de nivel socioeconómico para cada participante usando la edad materna, el número de embarazos, el nivel de instrucción bajo del padre y la madre, y el nivel de ocupación bajo del padre. Se usó regresión logística para evaluar los efectos de un bajo nivel socioeconómico y una zona geográfica desfavorable en la ocurrencia de LL ± P. Resultados Se observó un riesgo levemente mayor de LL ± P en madres con bajo nivel socioeconómico, mientras que una zona geográfica desfavorable no mostró ningún efecto. La ascendencia indígena, las enfermedades agudas maternas y una atención prenatal deficiente fueron factores de riesgo significativos para LL ± P en madres con bajo nivel socioeconómico, después de ajustar las características demográficas de casos y controles mediante análisis de propensión. Conclusiones Un bajo nivel socioeconómico aumentó levemente el riesgo de LL ± P, pero una zona geográfica desfavorable no mostró ese efecto. No hubo interacción entre un bajo nivel socioeconómico individual y una zona geográfica desfavorable. Los factores relacionados con un bajo nivel socioeconómico individual —inclusive una atención prenatal deficiente, la baja educación de los padres, la falta de información y el estilo de vida— deben abordarse principalmente como factores de riesgo de LL ± P más que los factores relacionados con una zona de residencia desfavorable.


RESUMO Objetivo Examinar os efeitos do baixo nível socioeconômico individual e área geográfica em situação de carência na ocorrência de fissura labial isolada com ou sem fissura palatina (FL ± P) na Argentina. Métodos Estudo de caso-controle que compreendeu 577 recém-nascidos com FL isolada ± P e 13 344 controles saudáveis, nascidos entre 1992 e 2001, de uma população total de 546 129 nascimentos em 39 hospitais na Argentina. Foram usados dados censitários sobre necessidades básicas existentes para estabelecer o grau de carência das áreas geográficas. Foi determinado um índice de nível socioeconômico para cada indivíduo baseado na idade materna, número de gestações, baixa escolaridade materna e paterna e ocupação paterna de baixo nível. Foi realizada uma regressão logística para avaliar os efeitos do baixo nível socioeconômico e área geográfica em situação de carência na ocorrência de FL ± P. Resultados Observou-se um risco discretamente aumentado de FL ± P em mães com baixo nível socioeconômico, mas nenhum efeito foi verificado quanto à área geográfica em situação de carência. Descendência indígena, doença materna aguda e assistência pré-natal precária foram fatores de risco importantes para FL ± P nas mães com baixo nível socioeconômico, após o uso de escores de propensão para ajustar as características demográficas em casos e controles. Conclusões O baixo nível socioeconômico individual foi associado a um discreto aumento do risco de FL ± P, mas este efeito não foi observado para área geográfica em situação de carência. Não houve interação entre nível socioeconômico individual e área geográfica em situação de carência. Fatores relacionados ao baixo nível socioeconômico individual, como assistência pré-natal precária, baixa escolaridade dos pais, falta de informação e fatores relacionados aos hábitos de vida, devem ser o foco principal porque eles são os fatores de risco para FL ± P, não fatores relacionados ao domicílio em área carente.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Clase Social , Labio Leporino/terapia , Fisura del Paladar/diagnóstico , Argentina
14.
Am J Med Genet A ; 170(11): 2965-2974, 2016 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27481187

RESUMEN

Visceral motility dysfunction is a key feature of genetic disorders such as megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS, MIM moved from 249210 to 155310), chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO, MIM609629), and multisystemic smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome (MSMDS, MIM613834). The genetic bases of these conditions recently begun to be clarified with the identification of pathogenic variants in ACTG2, ACTA2, and MYH11 in individuals with visceral motility dysfunction. The MMIHS was associated with the heterozygous variant in ACTG2 and homozygous variant in MYH11, while the heterozygous variant in ACTA2 was observed in patients with MSMDS. In this study, we describe the clinical data as well as the molecular investigation of seven individuals with visceral myopathy phenotypes. Five patients presented with MMIHS, including two siblings from consanguineous parents, one had CIPO, and the other had MSMDS. In three individuals with MMIHS and in one with CIPO we identified heterozygous variant in ACTG2, one being a novel variant (c.584C>T-p.Thr195Ile). In the individual with MSMDS we identified a heterozygous variant in ACTA2. We performed the whole-exome sequencing in one sibling with MMIHS and her parents; however, the pathogenic variant responsible for her phenotype could not be identified. These results reinforce the clinical and genetic heterogeneity of the visceral myopathies. Although many cases of MMIHS are associated with ACTG2 variants, we suggest that other genes, besides MYH11, could cause the MMIHS with autosomal recessive pattern. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Asunto(s)
Seudoobstrucción Intestinal/diagnóstico , Seudoobstrucción Intestinal/genética , Anomalías Múltiples/diagnóstico , Anomalías Múltiples/genética , Anomalías Múltiples/terapia , Actinas/genética , Preescolar , Colon/anomalías , Consanguinidad , Análisis Mutacional de ADN , Resultado Fatal , Femenino , Estudios de Asociación Genética , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Seudoobstrucción Intestinal/terapia , Masculino , Mutación , Fenotipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ultrasonografía Prenatal , Vejiga Urinaria/anomalías
15.
Pediatr Res ; 79(5): 776-80, 2016 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26761123

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. There is strong evidence of genetic susceptibility. Objective of this study was to identify genetic variants contributing to PTB. METHODS: Genotyping was performed for 24 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 4 candidate genes (NR5A2, FSHR, FOXP3, and SERPINH1). Genotyping was completed on 728 maternal triads (mother and maternal grandparents of a preterm infant). Data were analyzed with Family Based Association Test. RESULTS: For all maternal triads rs2737667 of NR5A2 showed significant association at P = 0.02. When stratifying by gestational age three SNPs in NR5A2 had P values <0.05 in the <32-wk gestational age group (rs12131233, P = 0.007; rs2737667, P = 0.04; rs2816949, P = 0.02). When preterm premature rupture of membranes cases were excluded rs2737667 of NR5A2 showed the strongest association with a P value <0.0002. This association remained significant after correction for multiple testing. CONCLUSION: This study suggests a potential association between intronic SNPs in the NR5A2 gene and PTB. NR5A2 gene encodes for the liver receptor homolog-1 protein, which plays a critical role in regulation of cholesterol metabolism, steroidogenesis, and progesterone synthesis. These findings suggest that NR5A2 may be important in the pathophysiology of PTB and exploring noncoding regulators of NR5A2 is warranted.


Asunto(s)
Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Nacimiento Prematuro/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos y Nucleares/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos y Nucleares/fisiología , Argentina , Dinamarca , Femenino , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Genotipo , Edad Gestacional , Haplotipos , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Embarazo , Estados Unidos
16.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 29(19): 3153-61, 2016 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26701680

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to characterize and compare the maternal and newborn epidemiological characteristics through analysis of environmental factors, sociodemographic characteristics and clinical characteristics between the different clinical subtypes of preterm birth (PTB): Idiopathic (PTB-I), premature rupture of the membranes (PTB-PPROM) and medically indicated (PTB-M). The two subtypes PTB-I and PTB-PPROM grouped are called spontaneous preterm births (PTB-S). METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted in 1.291 preterm nonmalformed singleton live-born children to nulliparous and multiparous mother's in Tucumán-Argentina between 2005 and 2010. Over 50 maternal variables and 10 newborn variables were compared between the different clinical subtypes. The comparisons were done to identify heterogeneity between subtypes of preterm birth: (PTB-S) versus (PTB-M), and within spontaneous subtype: (PTB-I) versus (PTB-PPROM). In the same way, two conditional logistic multivariate regressions were used to compare the odds ratio (OR) between PTB-S and PTB-M, as well as PTB-I and PTB-PPROM. We matched for maternal age when comparing maternal variables and gestational age when comparing infant variables. RESULTS: The PTB-I subtype was characterized by younger mothers of lower socio-economic status, PTB-PPROM was characterized by environmental factors resulting from inflammatory processes, and PTB-M was characterized by increased maternal or fetal risk pregnancies. CONCLUSIONS: The main risk factor for PTB-I and PTB-M was having had a prior preterm delivery; however, previous spontaneous abortion was not a risk factor, suggesting a reproductive selection mechanism.


Asunto(s)
Complicaciones del Embarazo/epidemiología , Resultado del Embarazo/epidemiología , Nacimiento Prematuro/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Análisis de Varianza , Argentina/epidemiología , Femenino , Rotura Prematura de Membranas Fetales/epidemiología , Edad Gestacional , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Modelos Logísticos , Oportunidad Relativa , Embarazo , Nacimiento Prematuro/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Socioeconómicos , Adulto Joven
17.
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol ; 103(6): 536-43, 2015 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25846850

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although young maternal age has been identified as a risk factor for gastroschisis, its role remains undisclosed. To our knowledge, the differences between young mothers of infants with gastroschisis and young mothers of infants with other pregnancy outcomes have not been established. The aim of this work was to compare characteristics of young mothers whose newborn had gastroschisis with same aged mothers of malformed and nonmalformed control infants, diagnosed within the ECLAMC maternity hospital network. METHODS: Data base records of live and stillborn infants of one of three groups (with isolated gastroschisis, with 1 of 5 other isolated birth defects, and nonmalformed), and whose mothers were younger than 20 years, were selected. Secular trends were obtained for all birth defects; frequencies and odds ratios (OR) of demographic and reproductive variables were compared among the 3 groups. Significantly associated variables were adjusted with a multivariate regression. RESULTS: The association was higher with gastroschisis 1) than with other birth defects for African ancestry, smoking, adequate prenatal control and diagnosis 2) than with nonmalformed controls for maternal illnesses and alcohol 3) and than both for previous pregnancy loss and medication, mainly sex hormones. After adjustment, only previous pregnancy loss maintained its significance when compared with malformed (OR = 2.34; 1.37-3.97; P = 0.002), as well as with nonmalformed (OR = 3.43; 2.07-5.66; P < 0.001) controls. CONCLUSION: A previous pregnancy loss was identified as the main risk factor for gastroschisis, while an increased use of sex hormones, perhaps related to the previous loss, could trigger a disruptive mechanism, due to their thrombophilic effect.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Espontáneo/epidemiología , Gastrosquisis/epidemiología , Gastrosquisis/etiología , Hormonas Esteroides Gonadales/efectos adversos , Edad Materna , Adolescente , Argentina/epidemiología , Anomalías Congénitas/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Oportunidad Relativa , Embarazo , Análisis de Regresión , Factores de Riesgo
18.
Dermatol. pediátr. latinoam. (En línea) ; 12(3): 94-97, sept.- dic. 2014. ilus
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-831022

RESUMEN

El albinismo oculocutáneo (AOC) comprende un grupo de trastornos de herencia autosómica recesiva, producidos por una alteración en la vía sintética de la melanina en la piel, el peloy los ojos. Clínicamente se caracteriza por lahipopigmentación cutánea, ocular y pilar, asociada a alteraciones oculares, como fotofobia severa, disminución de la agudeza visualynistagmo. El AOC tipo 1es producido por mutaciones en latirosinasa, enzima codificada por el genTYR (11q14-q21), habiéndose identificado más de 270 mutacioneshasta la fecha. Presentamos el caso de mellizasnacidas pretérmino, de 14 meses de vida, producto de un embarazo controlado, con AOC. Destacamos la escasa frecuencia de presentación de esta patología en pacientes mellizos.


Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defective synthesis of melanin in the skin, hair and eyes. It is clinically characterized by a generalized reduction of pigment in the skin, eyes and hair, associated with ocular alterations, as severe photosensitivity, reduced vision and nystagmus.The OCA type 1 is caused by mutations in the tyrosinase, enzyme that is codified by TYR (11q14-q21), with more than 270 mutations identified up to date. We report the case of preterm 14 month-olddizygotic females twinsfrom a controlled pregnancy, with OCA. We emphasize the low frequency of presentation of this disease in dizygotic twins.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Lactante , Albinismo Oculocutáneo , Enfermedades en Gemelos , Albinismo Ocular , Mutación , Trabajo de Parto Prematuro , Trastornos de la Pigmentación
19.
BMC Med Genet ; 14: 77, 2013 Jul 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23889750

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a complex disorder associated with significant neonatal mortality and morbidity and long-term adverse health consequences. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that genetic factors play an important role in its etiology. This study was designed to identify genetic variation associated with PTB in oxytocin pathway genes whose role in parturition is well known. METHODS: To identify common genetic variants predisposing to PTB, we genotyped 16 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the oxytocin (OXT), oxytocin receptor (OXTR), and leucyl/cystinyl aminopeptidase (LNPEP) genes in 651 case infants from the U.S. and one or both of their parents. In addition, we examined the role of rare genetic variation in susceptibility to PTB by conducting direct sequence analysis of OXTR in 1394 cases and 1112 controls from the U.S., Argentina, Denmark, and Finland. This study was further extended to maternal triads (maternal grandparents-mother of a case infant, N=309). We also performed in vitro analysis of selected rare OXTR missense variants to evaluate their functional importance. RESULTS: Maternal genetic effect analysis of the SNP genotype data revealed four SNPs in LNPEP that show significant association with prematurity. In our case-control sequence analysis, we detected fourteen coding variants in exon 3 of OXTR, all but four of which were found in cases only. Of the fourteen variants, three were previously unreported novel rare variants. When the sequence data from the maternal triads were analyzed using the transmission disequilibrium test, two common missense SNPs (rs4686302 and rs237902) in OXTR showed suggestive association for three gestational age subgroups. In vitro functional assays showed a significant difference in ligand binding between wild-type and two mutant receptors. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests an association between maternal common polymorphisms in LNPEP and susceptibility to PTB. Maternal OXTR missense SNPs rs4686302 and rs237902 may have gestational age-dependent effects on prematurity. Most of the OXTR rare variants identified do not appear to significantly contribute to the risk of PTB, but those shown to affect receptor function in our in vitro study warrant further investigation. Future studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm the findings of this study.


Asunto(s)
Cistinil Aminopeptidasa/genética , Estudios de Asociación Genética , Variación Estructural del Genoma , Nacimiento Prematuro/genética , Receptores de Oxitocina/genética , Alelos , Animales , Argentina , Células COS , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cistinil Aminopeptidasa/metabolismo , Dinamarca , Femenino , Finlandia , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Edad Gestacional , Haplotipos , Humanos , Patrón de Herencia , Fosfatos de Inositol/metabolismo , Mutación Missense , Oxitocina/genética , Oxitocina/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Embarazo , Unión Proteica , Receptores de Oxitocina/metabolismo , Factores de Riesgo
20.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2013: 678156, 2013.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23533356

RESUMEN

The amnion is a specialized tissue in contact with the amniotic fluid, which is in a constantly changing state. To investigate the importance of epigenetic events in this tissue in the physiology and pathophysiology of pregnancy, we performed genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of human amnion from term (with and without labor) and preterm deliveries. Using the Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation27 BeadChip, we identified genes exhibiting differential methylation associated with normal labor and preterm birth. Functional analysis of the differentially methylated genes revealed biologically relevant enriched gene sets. Bisulfite sequencing analysis of the promoter region of the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene detected two CpG dinucleotides showing significant methylation differences among the three groups of samples. Hypermethylation of the CpG island of the solute carrier family 30 member 3 (SLC30A3) gene in preterm amnion was confirmed by methylation-specific PCR. This work provides preliminary evidence that DNA methylation changes in the amnion may be at least partially involved in the physiological process of labor and the etiology of preterm birth and suggests that DNA methylation profiles, in combination with other biological data, may provide valuable insight into the mechanisms underlying normal and pathological pregnancies.


Asunto(s)
Amnios/citología , Metilación de ADN , Estudios de Asociación Genética/métodos , Proteínas de Transporte de Catión/genética , Islas de CpG , Epigénesis Genética , Femenino , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Sitios Genéticos , Edad Gestacional , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Trabajo de Parto/genética , Trabajo de Parto/fisiología , Análisis de Secuencia por Matrices de Oligonucleótidos , Placenta/citología , Embarazo , Nacimiento Prematuro/genética , Nacimiento Prematuro/fisiopatología , Análisis de Componente Principal , Regiones Promotoras Genéticas , Receptores de Oxitocina/genética
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...