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3.
SEMERGEN, Soc. Esp. Med. Rural Gen. (Ed. Impr.) ; 46(3): 175-185, abr. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-196701

RESUMEN

OBJETIVOS: Evaluar el grado de cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de las guías de práctica clínica (GPC) en el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las principales complicaciones crónicas vasculares de los pacientes con diabetes tipo2 (DM2) en atención primaria (AP). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo transversal retrospectivo en pacientes de 18 o más años de edad seleccionados consecutivamente a medida que acudieron a la consulta en AP. Los datos de los pacientes se obtuvieron mediante acceso a la historia informatizada, registrándose variables clínicas y analíticas de interés. Se consideró adecuada la determinación y el registro de microalbuminuria (MALB), filtrado glomerular (FG), exploración pies (palpación pulsos, monofilamento o diapasón) y electrocardiograma (ECG) si habían sido realizados de manera anual, y del fondo de ojo (FO) cada dos años. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a 1.420 pacientes (55,8% varones), con una edad media (DE) de 70,6 (10,8) años y una media de 9,3 (6,2) años de evolución de su diabetes. El índice de masa corporal (IMC) medio (kg/m2) fue de 30,1 (5,4) en mujeres y de 29,5 (4,7) en varones (p = 0,023) y la HbA1c (%), de 6,9 (1,2). El buen control metabólico de la DM se alcanzó en el 63,0% (IC95%: 60,4-65,5). Tenían realizado FO en los dos últimos años 976 pacientes (68,7%; IC95%: 66,2-71,1). La MALB se había realizado a 1.228 pacientes (86,5%; IC95%: 84,6-88,2), el FG estimado a 1.391 (98,0%; IC95%: 97,1-98,6), la exploración de los pulsos del pie a 626 (44,1%; IC95%: 41,5-46,7) y la exploración neurológica a 473 (33,3%; IC95%: 30,8-35,8). CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados de nuestro estudio indican que en una proporción importante de los pacientes con DM2 no se explora la presencia de retinopatía ni de neuropatía. A siete de cada diez pacientes se les ha cribado de retinopatía, uno de cada tres tiene realizada exploración neurológica y uno de cada cuatro tiene realizadas todas las exploraciones recomendadas por las GPC


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of compliance to the clinical practice guidelines (CPG) recommendations for the diagnosis and monitoring of the main chronic vascular complications of patients with type2 diabetes (DM2) in Primary Care (PC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on patients aged 18years and over and consecutively selected in PC. Patient data were obtained by direct interview and access to the computerised history, and recording the clinical and analytical variables of interest. The determination and recording of urine microalbumin (MALB), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), foot examination (pulse palpation, monofilament or tuning fork), and electrocardiogram (ECG), if performed annually, and the eye fundus (FO) every two years. RESULTS: A total of 1,420 patients were included, of which 55.8% were male. The mean age (SD) was 70.6 (10.8) years and the mean onset of the diabetes was 9.3 (6.2) years. The mean BMI (kg /m2) was 30.1 (5.4) in females and 29.5 (4.7) in males (P=.023), and a mean HbA1c (%) of 6.9 (1.2). Good metabolic control of DM was achieved in 63.0% (95%CI: 60.4-65.5). In the last two years, 976 (68.7%; 95%CI: 66.2-71.1) patients had an eye fundus examination. The urine microalbumin had been performed on 1,228 patients (86.5%; 95%CI: 84.6-88.2). The mean glomerular filtration rate was performed on 1,391 patients (98.0%; 95%CI: 97.1-98.6), the foot pulses examination on 626 (44.1%; 95%CI: 41.5-46.7), and the neurological examination on 473 patients (33.3%; 95%CI: 30.8-35.8). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study indicate that the presence of retinopathy or neuropathy is not explored in a significant percentage of patients with DM2. Only seven out of ten patients have been screened for retinopathy, one in three had a neurological examination, and only one in four have all the scans recommended by the CPG


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Angiopatías Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto/normas , Enfermedad Crónica , Estudios Transversales , Estudios Retrospectivos , Atención Primaria de Salud
4.
Semergen ; 46(3): 175-185, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899151

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of compliance to the clinical practice guidelines (CPG) recommendations for the diagnosis and monitoring of the main chronic vascular complications of patients with type2 diabetes (DM2) in Primary Care (PC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on patients aged 18years and over and consecutively selected in PC. Patient data were obtained by direct interview and access to the computerised history, and recording the clinical and analytical variables of interest. The determination and recording of urine microalbumin (MALB), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), foot examination (pulse palpation, monofilament or tuning fork), and electrocardiogram (ECG), if performed annually, and the eye fundus (FO) every two years. RESULTS: A total of 1,420 patients were included, of which 55.8% were male. The mean age (SD) was 70.6 (10.8) years and the mean onset of the diabetes was 9.3 (6.2) years. The mean BMI (kg /m2) was 30.1 (5.4) in females and 29.5 (4.7) in males (P=.023), and a mean HbA1c (%) of 6.9 (1.2). Good metabolic control of DM was achieved in 63.0% (95%CI: 60.4-65.5). In the last two years, 976 (68.7%; 95%CI: 66.2-71.1) patients had an eye fundus examination. The urine microalbumin had been performed on 1,228 patients (86.5%; 95%CI: 84.6-88.2). The mean glomerular filtration rate was performed on 1,391 patients (98.0%; 95%CI: 97.1-98.6), the foot pulses examination on 626 (44.1%; 95%CI: 41.5-46.7), and the neurological examination on 473 patients (33.3%; 95%CI: 30.8-35.8). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study indicate that the presence of retinopathy or neuropathy is not explored in a significant percentage of patients with DM2. Only seven out of ten patients have been screened for retinopathy, one in three had a neurological examination, and only one in four have all the scans recommended by the CPG.

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