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J Clin Microbiol ; 50(6): 1912-7, 2012 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22495562


Skin biopsy samples from 145 relapse leprosy cases and from five different regions in Brazil were submitted for sequence analysis of part of the genes associated with Mycobacterium leprae drug resistance. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these genes were observed in M. leprae from 4 out of 92 cases with positive amplification (4.3%) and included a case with a mutation in rpoB only, another sample with SNPs in both folP1 and rpoB, and two cases showing mutations in folP1, rpoB, and gyrA, suggesting the existence of multidrug resistance (MDR). The nature of the mutations was as reported in earlier studies, being CCC to CGC in codon 55 in folP (Pro to Arg), while in the case of rpoB, all mutations occurred at codon 531, with two being a transition of TCG to ATG (Ser to Met), one TCG to TTC (Ser to Phe), and one TCG to TTG (Ser to Leu). The two cases with mutations in gyrA changed from GCA to GTA (Ala to Val) in codon 91. The median time from cure to relapse diagnosis was 9.45 years but was significantly shorter in patients with mutations (3.26 years; P = 0.0038). More than 70% of the relapses were multibacillary, including three of the mutation-carrying cases; one MDR relapse patient was paucibacillary.

Antibacterianos/farmacología , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana , Lepra/epidemiología , Lepra/microbiología , Mycobacterium leprae/efectos de los fármacos , Mycobacterium leprae/aislamiento & purificación , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Biopsia , Brasil/epidemiología , ADN Bacteriano/química , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Femenino , Genes Bacterianos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mutación Missense , Mutación Puntual , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Prevalencia , Estudios Prospectivos , Recurrencia , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Piel/microbiología , Adulto Joven
J Med Microbiol ; 60(Pt 10): 1441-6, 2011 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21596907


We performed genotyping of Mycobacterium leprae present in skin biopsy samples that were collected during the first and the second disease occurrences from eight leprosy patients, seven of whom were diagnosed as suffering from disease relapse. Sequence analysis of part of the M. leprae rpoB, folP1, gyrB and gyrA genes did not show genetic change that supported the presence of drug-resistant bacilli. However, we observed a synonymous nucleotide change at position 297 of gyrA among five of these patients, one presenting C to T (CgyrAT) and four presenting T to C (TgyrAC) at this position. Additional genotyping by analysis of the four short tandem repeats GAA, GTA9, AT17 and TA18 showed that the gyrA single nucleotide polymorphism change was accompanied by a change in short tandem repeat genotype. Our data suggest that leprosy relapse in these patients, living in an area endemic for leprosy, could be caused by M. leprae with a genotype different from the one that caused initial disease.

Lepra/epidemiología , Lepra/microbiología , Tipificación Molecular , Mycobacterium leprae/clasificación , Mycobacterium leprae/genética , Adulto , Anciano , Proteínas Bacterianas/genética , Biopsia , Brasil/epidemiología , Femenino , Genotipo , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mycobacterium leprae/aislamiento & purificación , Recurrencia , Secuencias Repetitivas de Ácidos Nucleicos , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Piel/microbiología