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Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410013


In this population-based study, we explored the relationships between immigration, socio-economic status (SES), and perinatal outcomes. We quantified the effects of SES on birthweight disparities between native and immigrant mothers in Spain. We obtained birth and SES data from the 2011 census and administrative registers for years 2011-2015. The associations between origin, statuses, and the likelihood of low birthweight were estimated using logistic regressions. Fairlie's nonlinear extension of the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition method was applied to identify the extent to which the differences in birthweight between groups corresponded to socio-economic composition or to rates. Our results showed that African and Latin American mothers exhibited advantage in the perinatal outcomes over native mothers [odds ratio (OR) 0.75; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.63-0.90 and OR 0.73; 95% CI 0.65-0.82, respectively]. Decomposition analyses revealed that such advantage was not affected by the lower positions within the socio-economic structure that African and Latin American populations occupied.

Nurs Open ; 6(4): 1464-1470, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660174


Aim: To analyse the perception that immigrant women caregivers have of their relationship with the person receiving the care and their family and the possible impact those relationships may have on a caregiver's health. Design: A qualitative study was conducted. Methods: Thirty-four semi-structured interviews were applied in the Spanish city of Salamanca from November 2015-November 2016. The "interpretative hermeneutics" technique was used as the framework for the analysis. Results: The discourse studied indicated that the immigrant women's cultural background, as well as their gender's assumed stereotypes, gave rise to an emotional attachment to the person receiving the care, which could generate a burden. Most of the women interviewed reported situations of abuse from the old people under their care. The fact that increasingly more old people are being cared for by immigrant women renders it necessary for social and health policies to consider this collective.