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1.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 35(1): 7-16, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730122

RESUMEN

AIMS: To investigate whether localized sensitization of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle using nerve growth factor (NGF) would affect masseter and anterior temporalis muscle sensitivity and pain profiles. METHODS: A total of 28 healthy participants attended two sessions (T0 and T1). At T0, the maximum voluntary occlusal bite force (MVOBF), as well as pressure pain thresholds (PPT), mechanical sensitivity, and referred pain/sensations for the SCM, masseter, and temporalis muscles, were assessed. Participants also completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ), and the Neck Disability Index (NDI). After these assessments, 14 participants received an injection of NGF into the SCM, and 14 received an injection of isotonic saline solution. At T1 (48 hours postinjection), the participants were again submitted to the same evaluations. RESULTS: NGF caused significant mechanical sensitization in the SCM (P < .025), but not in the masseter or temporalis muscles (P > .208). It also caused significant increases in NDI score (P = .004). No statistically significant differences were found for MVOBF, frequency of referred pain/sensations, or questionnaire scores (P > .248). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that 48 hours after localized sensitization of the SCM, the primary response is impairment of neck function, but not jaw function.


Asunto(s)
Músculo Masetero , Factor de Crecimiento Nervioso , Fuerza de la Mordida , Electromiografía , Humanos , Umbral del Dolor , Músculo Temporal
2.
Oral Oncol ; 115: 105116, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341377

RESUMEN

Oral melanoma is an extremely aggressive and rare tumor. Commonly, oral melanomas are diagnosed as invasive tumors, which considerably reduces the chances of cure. In situ oral melanomas being exceedingly rare, which makes its clinicopathological and prognostic characteristics poorly known. Herein, we report a case of 67-year-old non-white woman with a large black patch on the maxillary alveolar mucosa. A biopsy was made and microscopical analysis revealed moderate atypical junctional melanocytic. Tumor cells were positive for S100 (Polyclonal), Melan-A (Clone A103) and Melanosome (HMB-45). The diagnosis of in situ oral melanoma was made and the patient was treated surgically with partial maxillectomy and rehabilitated with obturator prosthesis. Although extremely rare in situ melanomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of non-invasive pigmented lesions of the oral mucosa.

3.
Gen Dent ; 69(1): 31-36, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350953

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to compare techniques of different methods of obtaining centric relation to verify which technique generates the greatest reproducibility of the centric relation. The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched for articles published up to May 15, 2018. The search terms were combinations of "dental centric relation" with each of the following terms (individually): "reproducibility of findings"; "jaw relation record"; "chin point"; "gothic arch"; "bimanual manipulation"; "swallowing"; and "jig." The inclusion criteria included clinical studies in English that had to compare at least 2 techniques representing different methods for obtaining centric relation (based on the reproducibility of the centric relation) in individuals without temporomandibular dysfunction; and studies performed in individuals with complete or nearly complete dentition or complete edentulism. Methods (techniques) included in this study were guided methods (chin point guidance and bimanual manipulation); graphic methods (intraoral and extraoral gothic arch tracing); and physiologic methods (swallowing and tongue retrusion along the palate). A total of 1638 articles were identified. After the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 7 articles were included in this review. None of the reviewed studies evaluated edentulous individuals. Two articles compared physiologic methods with guided methods; one concluded that the swallowing technique generates greater variability than guided methods, and the other concluded that there was no difference between the swallowing technique and chin point guidance. Of 5 articles comparing intraoral gothic arch tracing with guided methods, 2 showed similar results between different methods, 2 showed superior results for gothic arch tracing, and 1 showed superior results for the guided methods. Based on the guided methods and swallowing technique, it is not possible to conclude which technique can generate the greatest reproducibility of the centric relation. It is possible to suggest that in most cases intraoral gothic arch tracing is superior or equivalent when compared to guided methods.


Asunto(s)
Boca Edéntula , Relación Céntrica , Humanos , Registro de la Relación Maxilomandibular , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
4.
Gen Dent ; 68(6): 56-59, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136047

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength and Knoop microhardness of the polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) used in dental prostheses after receiving therapeutic radiation doses of 50 and 70 Gy. Thirty-six acrylic resin plates measuring 65.0 × 10.0 × 3.3 mm were fabricated and polymerized using a microwave. The specimens were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 12): group 1, which received no radiation; group 2, which received 1 fractioned dose of 2 Gy per day, 5 days per week, for 5 weeks, totaling 50 Gy; and group 3, which received 1 fractioned dose of 2 Gy per day, 5 days per week, for 7 weeks, totaling 70 Gy. All specimens remained in ballistic gel at a temperature of 37°C throughout the study. Afterward, the specimens underwent flexural strength and Knoop microhardness tests. All data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc test (P < 0.05). For flexural strength, there was a statistically significant difference between groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.012) and between groups 1 and 3 (P = 0.048). For Knoop microhardness, there was a difference between groups 1 and 2 (P = 0.001) and between groups 1 and 3 (P = 0.006). For both flexural strength and microhardness, groups 2 and 3 showed greater values than group 1. Therapeutic radiation doses of 50 and 70 Gy increased the flexural strength and Knoop microhardness of PMMA used in dental prostheses.

5.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240116, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044989

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of disinfectants on the biofilm of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis formed on the acrylic surface of ocular prostheses. In this study, 396 acrylic specimens were manufactured (50% for Staphylococcus epidermidis, and 50% for Staphylococcus aureus). For each bacterium, 66 specimens were subjected to biofilm formation on their surfaces for 24 hours, 66 specimens were subjected to biofilm formation on their surfaces for 48 hours, and 66 specimens were subjected to biofilm formation on their surfaces for 72 hours. Then, they were divided into groups according to disinfection method (n = 6): sterile distilled water for 10, 15, 30 min, and 6 hours (control); soap for 30 min (NES30); Opti-Free for 30 min (OPF30) and 6 h (OPF6); Efferdent for 15 min (EFF15); and 0.5%, 2%, and 4% chlorhexidine for 10 min (0.5% CHX10, 2% CHX10, and 4% CHX10). After the treatments, the specimens were vortexed to release the biofilm and the counting of bacterial colonies was performed (CFU/mL). Three-way ANOVA and the Tukey-Kramer HSD test were used (α = 0.05). For Staphylococcus epidermidis, there was no significant difference between NES30, OPF30, and OPF6 with their respective control groups; nor between NES30, OPF30, and OPF6 themselves, regardless of the biofilm development period (P >0.05). For Staphylococcus aureus, there was no significant difference between NES30 and OPF30 with their control group; nor between NES30 and OPF30 themselves, regardless of the biofilm development period (P >0.05). For Staphylococcus aureus, OPF6 showed a significant reduction in the number of CFU/mL when compared with its control group, NES30, and OPF30, regardless of the biofilm development period (P <0.05). For both bacteria, 0.5% CHX10, 2% CHX10,4% CHX10, and EFF15 showed a significant reduction in the number of CFU/mL when compared with their control groups, NES30, OPF30, and OPF6, regardless of the biofilm development period (P <0.05). Therefore, EFF15 and CHX (0.5%, 2% and 4%) were effective in reducing Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus on acrylic surfaces. NES30 and OPF (30 and 6) are not recommended.

6.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045124

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optical, chemical, and mechanical properties of feldspathic porcelain after handling with different instrument materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Feldspathic porcelain was manipulated with different spatula compositions: metal spatula (MS), plastic spatula (PS), and glass spatula (GS) for the fabrication of 30 (n = 10) disks. Contrast ratio (CR), translucency parameter (TP), and surface Knoop microhardness (KHN) were measured. The color change (ΔE00 ) was evaluated using the CIEDE2000 system. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were used for surface analysis. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (P < 0.05). RESULTS: All groups presented different morphological surfaces with higher presence of Al on the MS. PS group presented lower Al, Si, K than MS, and GS. Higher CR was observed for PS (0.734; P < 0.043), followed by MS (0.696; P < 0.043) and GS (0.65; P < 0.011). The highest TP (13.06) and KHN (386.27) were presented by GS (P < 0.001). MS and PS presented similar KHN results. The higher ΔE00 were found for plastic/metal comparison. Also, the L* values for the MS group (67.49) were lower than the other groups. CONCLUSION: The use of metal spatula promoted higher color alteration during feldspathic porcelain manipulation than did the other materials. Handling with glass instrument promoted higher microhardness than other spatula materials. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The effect of the material used for ceramic handling on feldspathic porcelain properties is often ignored. This study shows that the handling spatula material must be carefully chosen to avoid inadvertent changes to the feldspathic porcelain restoration.

7.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(5): 531-538, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073784

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the roughness, surface energy, and the bond strength of lithium disilicate yielded by two different types of nonthermal plasma (NTP), oxygen- or argon-based, compared to the conventional method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press) samples were divided into 3 groups: HF (hydrofluoric acid group); ONTP (oxygen-based NTP group); ANTP (argon-based NTP group). Surface energy and roughness analyses were performed before and after surface treatment, and bond strength testing was performed before and after 5000 thermocycles. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the surface treatments. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Bonferroni's test with statistical significance set at 5%. RESULTS: The ONTP group presented the highest surface energy values, followed by ANTP and HF. In addition, the ONTP group had higher surface roughness. SEM revealed exposed lithium disilicate crystals in the HF group, but a homogeneous film coverage in both NTP groups. Regarding bond strength, ANTP presented statistically significantly higher values than the other groups before thermocycling, and statistically significantly lower values than the other groups after thermocycling. The HF and ONTP groups presented statistically similar values after thermocycling. CONCLUSION: The bond strength of resin cement to lithium disilicate obtained after oxygen-based NTP was comparable with that obtained after conventional hydrofluoric acid treatment.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Porcelana Dental , Propiedades de Superficie
8.
Eur J Dent ; 14(4): 634-638, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916719

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the color alteration and shore A hardness of a medical silicone with extrinsic pigmentation, before and after accelerated aging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty samples (Silastic Q7-4735) were made with an intrinsic pigmentation. This intrinsic pigmentation was composed of a pink pigment (H-109-P, Factor II) and an opacifier (ZnO). All samples had standardized dimensions (45-mm diameter and 2-mm thickness). Half of the 20 samples manufactured subsequently received an extrinsic pigment (Tan FE-215, Factor II). Therefore, two groups were created (n = 10): Group 1, group with intrinsic pigmentation and without extrinsic pigmentation (control) and Group 2, group with intrinsic and extrinsic pigmentation. Samples were submitted to color and Shore A hardness tests, before and after 1,008 hours of aging. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Color alteration data were submitted to Student's t-test (α = 0.05). Shore A hardness data were submitted to two-way analysis of variance and Tukey test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The incorporation of the extrinsic pigment on the silicone did not affect its color (ΔE) when the two groups were compared (p = 0.232). Regarding the hardness test, the interaction between group and period did not interfere with the hardness results(p=0.599). However, the period factor showed that there was a reduction in the hardness of the silicone after aging (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, all the hardness and color results of the silicone used were clinically acceptable, regardless of the presence of extrinsic pigmentation.

9.
Int J Dent ; 2020: 8492091, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884572

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the influence of different pigmentations and accelerated aging on the hardness and tear strength of the A-2186 and MDX4-4210 silicones. Materials and Methods: The samples A-2186 and MDX4-4210 were manufactured without and with pigmentations (black, bronze, and pink). For the Shore A hardness test, 80 samples of each silicone were fabricated, and for the tear strength test, 320 samples of each silicone were fabricated. Eight groups were created for each test (n = 10). These tests were performed before and after 252, 504, and 1008 hours of aging. Three-way repeated-measures analysis of variance and the Tukey test were performed (α = 0.05). Results: The A-2186 silicone showed higher hardness and tear strength when compared with the MDX4-4210 silicone (p < 0.05), except in the hardness of the A-2186 and MDX4-4210 groups without pigmentation after 1008 hours (p > 0.05). All hardness values were between 25 and 35 units, regardless of the silicone type, period, and pigmentation (or no pigmentation). In most situations, the hardness of silicones used increased after 252 hours (p < 0.05). The nonpigmented MDX4-4210 group and all A-2186 groups showed an increase in tear strength after 252 hours (p < 0.05). For the nonpigmented MDX4-4210 group, from 252 to 1008 hours, there was no change in tear strength (p > 0.05). All pigmented MDX4-4210 groups showed no change in tear strength from 0 (initial) to 1008 hours of aging (p > 0.05). In all A-2186 groups, from 252 to 504 hours, there was a reduction in tear strength (p < 0.05), and from 504 to 1008 hours, there was an increase in tear strength (p < 0.05), except in the bronze A-2186 group (p > 0.05). Conclusion: In most situations, the A-2186 silicone showed significantly higher values of hardness and tear strength than the MDX4-4210 silicone. All hardness values were considered clinically acceptable. Accelerated aging could increase, decrease, or not significantly change the hardness and tear strength of the silicones used. The results of hardness and tear strength suggest that MDX4-4210 was more influenced by the presence of pigmentation after aging.

10.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 32(7): 699-706, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627364

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on the retention between zirconia crowns and tooth structure after in vitro aging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human third molars (n = 44) received crown preparations and CAD/CAM zirconia crowns were manufactured. Specimens were divided into two groups: no aging, control (NAC, n = 11) or aging (A, n = 33). NAC were bonded with universal adhesive (UA). Aged specimens were divided into three subgroups (n = 11) according to surface treatment: Control: no abrasion + UA; Alumina: alumina abrasion + UA; Silica: tribochemical silica coating + UA. The crowns were cemented with dual-cure resin cement. Specimens in group A were aged by a combination of mechanical, thermal, and pH cycling. Retention strength values were obtained by tensile tests and results were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (P < .05). RESULTS: Aging decreased the retention strength in control specimens (P < .001). Surface treatment improved the retention strength of aged specimens (P < .001), with similar results between alumina and tribochemical silica coating. CONCLUSION: The chemical interaction between the universal bonding system and zirconia's surface was not sufficient to withstand artificial aging. Tribochemical silica coating did not promote additional retention in comparison to alumina blasting. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The long-term retention of translucent zirconia crowns to tooth structure using phosphate-based materials is improved by means of mechanical surface treatments such as alumina blasting and tribochemical silica coating.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Coronas , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Dióxido de Silicio , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 117: 104822, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592931

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Overcoming substantial shortcomings of soft liners as physico-chemical changes and liner-biofilm-related infections remains a challenge in the rehabilitation treatment. In this study, protective non-thermal plasma (NTP) treatments were developed on the soft liner surface to improve its surface and physico-chemical properties and to reduce fungal colonization after biofilm inhibition challenge. METHODS: Resinous liner specimens (Coe-Soft) were prepared and distributed in 3 groups according to the surface treatments: (1) untreated (control); (2) treated with sulfur hexafluoride-based NTP (SF6); and (3) treated with hexamethyldisiloxane-based NTP (HMDSO). To test the NTP stability and their protective and antimicrobial effect on the liner surface over time, the morphology, chemical composition, roughness, water contact angle, shore A hardness, sorption and solubility were evaluated before and after the specimens were exposed to dual-species biofilm of Candida albicans and Streptococcus oralis for 14 days. Colony forming units and biofilm structure were assessed. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Both treatments modified the surface morphology, increased hydrophobicity and roughness of the liner, and were effective to reduce C. albicans adhesion without affecting the commensal health-associated S. oralis. HMDSO presented chemical stability and lower hardness in both periods, whereas SF6 exhibited higher initial hardness than control and the highest sorption; contrarily, similar solubility was noted for all groups. CONCLUSION: HMDSO-based film showed improved physico-chemical properties and inhibited C. albicans biofilm. Thus, it has potential for use to control candida-related stomatitis and improve liner's stability even after being exposed to biofilm inhibition challenge.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos , Biopelículas , Alineadores Dentales , Gases em Plasma , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología , Candida albicans , Ensayo de Materiales , Gases em Plasma/farmacología , Streptococcus oralis , Propiedades de Superficie
12.
J Adv Prosthodont ; 12(2): 55-60, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377317

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the effect of four acidic beverages on the roughness (Ra) and color change (ΔEab) of two brands of artificial teeth and a heat-polymerized acrylic resin (HPAR) for use in a prosthetic base. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All materials were divided into 5 groups, according to the used acidic beverage (artificial saliva - control, red wine, orange juice, coke-based, and lemon juice-based soft drink). The immersion process was divided into two stages: T1 - immersion in the acidic solutions for 10 minutes for 14 days; T2 - after T1, the samples were immersed in grape juice for 14 days. The Ra of the samples was evaluated in a rugosimeter and the ΔEab in a spectrophotometer, before and after the immersions. The analysis of variance of one (ΔEab) and two factors (Ra) and Tukey were performed (α=.05). RESULTS: There was a statistical difference for roughness after immersion (T1) for Trilux and Tritone teeth, regardless of the acid solution. For Trilux teeth, all acid solutions increased Ra (P<.05). For Tritone teeth, only the coke-based soft drink did not statistically change Ra. Grape juice (T2) altered Ra only of artificial teeth (P<.05). The color was changed for all materials, after T1 and T2. CONCLUSION: In general, the acidic solutions changed the Ra and ΔEab of HPAR and artificial teeth after T1. The grape juice altered the roughness only of the artificial teeth, promoting a clinically acceptable color change in the materials.

13.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 21(5): 1227-1234, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458626

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of patients with oral or oropharyngeal cancer by using specific questionnaires (QLQ-C30 and QLQ-HandN35), varying according to the location of the tumor (oral cavity or oropharynx) and the treatment performed (only surgery or surgery associated with radiotherapy). METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in this study and answered the EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC HandN35 questionnaires, before (baseline), at 1 week, and 3 months after treatment. Internal consistency reliability was calculated with the Cronbach coefficient. The Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests were applied and P.

14.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(2): e103-e107, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071690

RESUMEN

Background: Different ceramic surface cleaning methods have been suggested after the acid conditioning. The aim was to evaluate the effect of different protocols used to remove the remaining hydrofluoric acid on the shear bond strength (SBS) between lithium disilicate and resin cement. Material and Methods: Forty-four specimens of lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press) were divided in 4 groups (n=11): group C (control, no treatment); group HF+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + silane); group HF+US+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + ultrasound cleaning + silane); group HF+PH+S (5% hydrofluoric acid + 37% phosphoric acid + silane). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were performed to characterize the surface morphology. The SBS test was performed on the resin/ceramic interface, and the failure mode was characterized. SBS values were submitted to 1-way ANOVA and the Tukey test (α=.05). The relation between surface treatment and failure modes was analyzed using the chi-squared test (α=.05). Results: The surface treatment type interfered in the shear strength (p<.001) and higher SBS values were observed for the groups HF+US+S (17.87 MPa) and HF+PH+S (16.37 MPa). The surface treatment did not influence the failure mode (p=.713). No fluorsilicate salts were observed after ultrasound cleaning. Conclusions: The utilization of ultrasound cleaning was an effective procedure to remove remaining fluorsilicate salts, promoting the highest SBS values. Key words:Bond strength, ceramics, fluorsilicate, lithium disilicate, resin cement.

15.
J Prosthet Dent ; 123(2): 239-245, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227236

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The survival and/or success of post-retained restorations is influenced by the amount of residual coronal structure, known as the "ferrule effect." PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate whether the presence or absence of the ferrule effect influences the failure rate of fiber-reinforced composite post-and-core restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed using the PubMed/Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases for articles published up to May 2018. The risk ratio with 95% confidence interval was estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel method. Potentially eligible studies were selected based on the reading of the abstracts and full text of prospective clinical trials, randomized clinical trials, or prospective randomized studies, all with a minimum of 10 participants in each group, with a follow-up period longer than 6 months, and published in English. RESULTS: Of the 380 studies retrieved, 4 were included in this meta-analysis. A total of 297 teeth were evaluated, 157 with a ferrule and 140 without a ferrule. The mean survival rate was 88.35% in the ferrule group and 78.05% in the nonferrule group. No statistically significant difference was noted in the general failure analysis (risk ratio: 0.71 [95% confidence interval: 0.47 to 1.06]; P=.09), although a higher number of failures occurred in nonferrule restorations. More controlled and randomized clinical trials are needed to establish a clinical protocol for the use of post-retained restorations. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limited number of available studies, the results of this meta-analysis suggest that the ferrule effect does not significantly reduce the failure rate in fiber-reinforced composite post-and-core restorations.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Diente no Vital , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos
16.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104577, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606567

RESUMEN

Although the effectiveness of some mouthwashes has been proven, phytotherapy is still a field to be explored as an alternative to commercial products. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in vitro, the cytotoxicity and efficacy of two solutions based on citronella oil (CN), on S. aureus and C. albicans biofilms (in formation-adhesion phase and 24 h-biofilm formation) on acrylic resin and nickel-chromium alloy samples (one trademark of each material), compared to two alcohol-free commercial mouthwashes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two solutions containing CN at concentrations of 5x and 10x the minimum bactericidal/fungicidal concentration (MBC/MFC) were prepared by microdilution. After contamination of the samples surfaces with these microorganisms, the mouthwashes (CN - 5x and 10x; CHX - 0,12% alcohol-free chlorhexidine and LT - alcohol-free essential oils) were evaluated. Mouthwash simulation was performed for 1 min at two moments, the first simulation after 4 h of microbial adhesion and 24 h-biofilm formation, and the second simulation, 6 h after the first simulation. For biofilm quantification, the number of cultured cells was evaluated by CFUs. The cytotoxicity assay was performed on HaCat epithelial cells and quantified by the MTT method. RESULTS: Tested solutions completely inhibited the growth of both microorganisms in the adhesion phase. All solutions showed inhibitory activity against 24 h-biofilm formation. However, CN led to greater microbial reduction, regardless of the surface of the sample. All solutions demonstrated a toxic effect. However, after serial dilution, CN presented the lowest cytotoxic effect. CONCLUSION: Citronella had a lower cytotoxic effect and a higher action compared to commercial solutions.


Asunto(s)
Biopelículas/efectos de los fármacos , Cymbopogon/química , Prótesis Dental/microbiología , Antisépticos Bucales/farmacología , Aceites Vegetales/farmacología , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología , Candida albicans/efectos de los fármacos , Línea Celular , Humanos , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Staphylococcus aureus/efectos de los fármacos
17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592306

RESUMEN

Background. Implant fractures can cause difficult problems for patients and dentists. This systematic review aimed to determine the influence of some implant parameters on the occurrence of their fracture and to determine the incidence of fractures reported in recent years. Methods. A search was conducted in Pubmed database, from which 12 studies published in the last 12 years were selected. Results. This review reported a 2% incidence of implant fracture. Most implants had been in function between 3 and 4 years until fracture. The studies did not provide necessary information to establish a relationship between the different parameters of implants and the incidence of fractures. Conclusion. Thus, the indication of type, diameter and length of an implant and the bone quality in the region receiving it should be studied and accurately examined for each individual case in order to avoid future failures.

18.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(9): e807-e813, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636873

RESUMEN

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of stress in complete fixed mandibular prostheses with infrastructures (IE) fabricated with different materials and techniques, under compressive force. Material and Methods: A model of an edentulous mandible, which received five 4x11 mm external hexagon implants between the mental foramens, was fabricated. The groups were divided into: Group I - IE in nickel-chromium with an acrylic resin occlusal coating; Group II - IE in nickel-chromium with a ceramic occlusal coating; Group III - IE milled in zirconia with a ceramic coating. For the photoelastic methodology, 70 N axial loads were applied in three regions. Photographic images were taken and analyzed according to the number of high-intensity fringes. For the strain gauge methodology, the measurement of stresses was performed in two distinct regions. The same compression tests described earlier were then performed. The registered stress values were grouped in tables and submitted to two-factor variance analysis (ANOVA) and the Tukey test with 5% significance. Results: The results of the two methodologies demonstrated smaller stress values for Group I, when compared to the other groups. Conclusions: It was possible to conclude that the complete fixed prostheses, with infrastructures cast in metal and acrylic occlusal coating, demonstrated better biomechanical results. Key words:Dental implants, mandibular prosthesis implantation, biomechanics.

19.
J Investig Clin Dent ; 10(4): e12452, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478358

RESUMEN

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the adhesion of Streptococcus sanguinis to the surface of interim prostheses that were treated or not treated with a light-activated glaze, and subjected or not subjected to a thermocycling procedure. METHODS: 36 specimens of each resin were divided into 4 groups: heat-activated acrylic resin; chemically-activated acrylic resin; bis-acryl composite resin (Protemp; 3M ESPE); and bis-GMA (Charisma; Heraeus Kulzer). Half of the specimens underwent application of glaze and the other half underwent mechanical polishing. Specimens were randomly distributed into groups (N = 9) with and without thermocycling (2000 cycles). Surface energy, roughness and microbiological analyses were performed. RESULTS: Groups treated with glaze showed lower roughness when compared with the same groups without glaze treatment, before and after thermocycling, except for the bis-acryl groups after thermocycling. Surface energy values were higher in the groups treated with glaze, except the bis-acryl group before and after thermocycling. After thermocycling, the values of bacterial adhesion decreased numerically, with the exception of the chemically-activated acrylic resin group treated with glaze and the heat-activated acrylic resin group without glaze treatment. CONCLUSION: The application of glaze and the thermocycling do not influence, in a statistically significant manner, the bacterial adhesion on polymer surfaces.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Polímeros , Bisfenol A Glicidil Metacrilato , Ensayo de Materiales , Prótesis e Implantes , Streptococcus , Propiedades de Superficie
20.
Int J Dent ; 2019: 8657619, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396279

RESUMEN

This review presents a classification system for maxillofacial prostheses, while explaining its types. It also aims to describe their origin and development, currently available materials, and techniques, predicts the future requirements, and subsequently discusses its avenues for improvement as a restorative modality. A literature search of the PubMed/Medline database was performed. Articles that discussed the history, types, materials, fabrication techniques, clinical implications, and future expectations related to maxillofacial prostheses and reconstruction were included. Fifty-nine articles were included in this review. Maxillofacial prostheses were classified as restorative or complementary with subclassifications based on the prostheses finality. The origin of maxillofacial prostheses is unclear; however, fabrication techniques and materials have undergone several changes throughout history. Currently, silicones and acrylic resins are the most commonly used materials to fabricate customized prostheses. Maxillofacial prostheses not only restore several types of orofacial defects but also improve the patients' quality of life. Although the current clinical scenario concerning the field of maxillofacial prostheses is promising, improvements in material quality and techniques for maxillofacial prostheses may be expected in the future, to produce better results in the treatment of patients.

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