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1.
J Adv Res ; 21: 141-150, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071782

RESUMEN

Lately, long noncoding (lnc) RNAs are increasingly appreciated for their involvement in multiple sclerosis (MS). In inflammation and autoimmunity, a role of apoprotein A1 (ApoA1), mediated by sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors (S1PRs), was reported. However, the epigenetic mechanisms regulating these biomolecules and their role in MS remains elusive. This case control study investigated the role of ApoA1, sphingosine kinase 1 and 2 (SPHK1 & 2), S1PR1 & 5, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin 17 (IL17) in MS, beside three lncRNA: APOA1-AS, IFNG-AS1, and RMRP. Expression of SPHKs, S1PRs, and lncRNAs were measured in 72 relapsing-remitting MS patients (37 during relapse and 35 in remission) and 28 controls. Plasma levels of ApoA1, IFN-γ and IL17 were determined. The impact of these parameters on MS activity, relapse rate and patient disability was assessed. APOA1-AS, IFNG-AS1, SPHK1 & 2, and S1PR5 were upregulated in RRMS patients. Differences in ApoA1, SPHK2, and IL17 were observed between relapse and remission. Importantly, ApoA1, SPHK2, and IL17 were related to activity, while S1PR1 and IFN-γ were linked to disability, though, only IFN-γ was associated with relapse rate. Finally, an excellent diagnostic power of IFN-γ, IL17, SPHK1 and APOA1-AS was demonstrated, whereas SPHK2 showed promising prognostic power in predicting relapses.

2.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 13: 1895-1903, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28765711

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex autoimmune disease with a heterogeneous presentation and diverse disease course. Recent studies indicate a rising prevalence of MS in the Middle East. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the demographics and disease features of Egyptian patients attending four tertiary referral MS centers in Cairo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study on 1,581 patients between 2001 and 2015. Medical records were reviewed and data were identified and extracted in a standardized electronic registry. RESULTS: The mean age of disease onset was 26.6±7.8 years, with the majority being female (2.11:1). Relapsing-remitting MS was the most common type (75.1%). The main presenting symptom was motor weakness (43.9%), which was also the most frequent symptom during the disease course. Family history of MS was found in 2.28%. Higher initial Expanded Disability Status Scale score, black holes, and infratentorial lesions on initial magnetic resonance imaging were independent factors for disease progression by univariate analysis (OR 3.87 [95% CI 1.84-6.51], 4.14 [95% CI 3.08-5.58], 4.07 [95% CI 3.21-4.99], respectively); however, in multivariate analysis, only infratentorial lesions were an independent risk for disease progression (OR 6, 95% CI 2.99-12.02; P=0.0005). CONCLUSION: The results from this registry - the largest for MS in the Arab region to date - are comparable to other registries with slight differences.

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