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Int J Endocrinol ; 2017: 6372964, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28250769


The aims of this study are to establish reference values for TSH in Lebanese schoolchildren; to look at the relationship between TSH and age, gender, BMI, socioeconomic status (SES), and thyroid antibodies (TAb); and to investigate the prevalence of abnormal TAb in this population. 974 Lebanese schoolchildren aged 8-18 years were recruited from 10 schools of different SES. Third-generation TSH, TPO-Ab, and Tg-Ab measurements were performed using the IMMULITE chemiluminescent immunoassay. The mean TSH is 2.06 ± 1.05 µUI/ml. TSH values are inversely correlated with age (p < 0.0001), are higher in boys than in girls (resp., 2.14 ± 1.10 and 1.98 ± 0.99 µUI/ml, p = 0.017), and are positively correlated with BMI (p < 0.0001). They are also significantly higher in subjects from low-SES schools (p = 0.03) and in girls with positive TAb (p = 0.026). In boys, TSH is independently associated with age, BMI, and schools' SES (p = 0.01, p = 0.03, and p = 0.026, resp.) while in girls, the association is only significant for age and TAb (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.015, resp.). The prevalence of TAb is 4.3% (3% for TPO-Ab and 2.1% for Tg-Ab). Our results showed higher TSH values in the pediatric Lebanese population compared to western populations. TSH varies according to age, gender, BMI, and SES and is associated in girls with TAb.

Endocr Pract ; 23(4): 391-398, 2017 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28095043


OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to establish reference values for insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in Lebanese schoolchildren and to evaluate the relationship between IGF-1 and age, sex, body mass index (BMI), vitamin D, and ferritin. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 952 Lebanese schoolchildren (495 boys and 457 girls) aged 8 to 18 years. Blood samples were taken from children attending 10 schools with different socio-economic status (SES). Chemiluminescent immunoassays were used for IGF-1, 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), testosterone, and ferritin measurements. RESULTS: The mean age was 13.46 ± 2.80 with no significant difference according to sex. IGF-1 was correlated with age in both sexes (P<.0001); it was higher in girls compared to boys (P = .007) and peaked at the ages of 14 and 12 for boys and girls, respectively. For each age group, the median IGF-1 value was higher compared to the values provided by the kit. IGF-1 was significantly correlated with BMI in boys (r = 0.16, P<.0001) but not girls. In both sexes, IGF-1 was inversely correlated with 25(OH)D and ferritin values. After adjustment for age, BMI, and height, the correlation between IGF-1 and 25(OH)D disappeared, whereas the relationship with ferritin persisted (P<.001 for boys, P = .002 for girls). For both sexes, multivariate regression analysis revealed independent associations between IGF-1 and height, Tanner stage, and ferritin. An association was also noted in boys for BMI and testosterone. CONCLUSION: Our results showed higher and earlier peak IGF-1 values in the pediatric Lebanese population compared to western populations. In addition, an independent inverse relationship was observed between IGF-1 and ferritin. Further studies are needed to identify the reason(s) underlying these results. ABBREVIATIONS: BMI = body mass index CRP = C-reactive protein CV = coefficient of variation GH = growth hormone IGF-1 = insulin-like growth factor 1 25(OH)D = 25 hydroxyvitamin D SES = socio-economic status TSH = thyroid-stimulating hormone.

Ferritinas/sangre , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina/metabolismo , Estudiantes , Vitamina D/sangre , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Índice de Masa Corporal , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiología , Masculino , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Sexuales , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos
J Clin Lipidol ; 10(2): 378-85, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27055969


BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidelmia in pediatric Middle-Eastern populations is unknown. Our study aims to investigate the distribution and correlates of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) and triglycerides among Lebanese school children. METHODS: A total of 969 subjects aged 8-18 years were included in the study (505 boys and 464 girls). Recruitment was done from 10 schools located in the Great Beirut and Mount-Lebanon areas. Non-fasting total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. Non-HDL-C was calculated. Schools were categorized into 3 socioeconomic statuses (SESs; low, middle, and high). RESULTS: In the overall population, the prevalence of high non-HDL-C (>3.8 mmol/L), very high non-HDL-C (>4.9 mmol/L), and high triglycerides (>1.5 mmol/l) are respectively 9.2%, 1.24%, and 26.6%. There is no significant gender difference for non-HDL-C or triglycerides. Non-HDL-C and triglycerides are inversely correlated with age in girls (P < .0001 for both variables) but not in boys. They are also positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) in boys and girls (P < .0001 for all variables). There is no relationship between schools' socioeconomic process (SES) and non-HDL-C. However, triglycerides are higher in children from lower SES schools. After adjustment for age and body mass index (BMI), testosterone is inversely associated with triglycerides in boys (P < .0001). In a multivariate regression analysis, non-HDL-C is independently associated with age and BMI in girls (P < .0001 for both variables) but only with BMI in boys (P < .0001), whereas triglycerides are independently associated with BMI and schools' SES in both girls and boys. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms, in our population, the association between obesity and both high non-HDL-C and triglycerides, and between high triglycerides and low SES.

Colesterol/sangre , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Triglicéridos/sangre , Adolescente , Distribución por Edad , Índice de Masa Corporal , Niño , Dislipidemias/sangre , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiología , Masculino , Distribución por Sexo , Clase Social , Testosterona/sangre