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J Oral Sci ; 62(1): 103-106, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996511


This study aims to evaluate the effect of mouth rinses on the color, microhardness, and surface roughness of tooth enamel. Sixty dental blocks were collected from human third molars and divided in five groups (n = 12): the control group (CG) without immersion in mouth rinse, Listerine Zero, Colgate Plax Fresh Mint, Listerine Whitening, and Colgate Luminous White. The groups were subjected to initial color analysis; the microhardness and roughness of the enamel surfaces were evaluated. Next, the samples were subjected to immersion in mouth rinses or brushing with conventional fluoride toothpaste (CG) according to the manufacturer's instructions; after a 12-week treatment, the color, microhardness, and roughness were once again assessed and compared with the initial analysis. Data were tabulated and analyzed through a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (color and roughness) followed by Tukey's test. Microhardness was analyzed through the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dunn's test; the level of significance was 5%. All groups immersed in mouth rinses had a higher level of microhardness loss than CG; additionally, all groups showed changes in the enamel surface. Enamel surface loss was observed using a roughness test, and the mouth rinses promoted a higher level of color changes than CG. Given the results, it can be concluded that the mouth rinses led to significant changes in tooth enamel.

Blanqueamiento de Dientes , Diente , Esmalte Dental , Humanos , Antisépticos Bucales , Pastas de Dientes
Am J Dent ; 32(5): 235-239, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675191


PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of whitening mouthrinses on sorption (SP) and solubility (SL), percentage of microhardness change (%M), loss of surface (LS), and color change (ΔE) in bulk-fill composites when compared with conventional composites. METHODS: Three bulk-fill composites, Surefil SDR (SF), Filtek Bulk-Fill (BF), and Filtek Bulk-Fill Flow (BFF), and one conventional resin, Filtek Z350 (FZ), were selected. Eighteen samples of each composite were subdivided into three groups based on the type of treatment: Listerine Whitening mouthrinse (LW), Colgate Plax Whitening mouthrinse (CP), and distilled water (DW; control). The samples were prepared according to ISO 4049:2009. Color, roughness, and microhardness were evaluated before and after treatment, while SP and SL values were measured after treatment. The surface morphology of the specimen was examined using scanning electron microscopy. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. RESULTS: FZ presented significantly lower ΔE when immersed in DW. Additionally, LS was lowest in FZ when compared with the other resins. SF and BFF demonstrated high %M. SL was significantly higher in SF, whereas SP was lowest in BFF after CP treatment. No significant alterations in surface morphology were noted in the BF composites. The BF composites showed a decrease in their properties after immersion in the two types of mouthrinses or in DW, without alterations in the surface morphology. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Flowable bulk-fill composites showed the greatest changes in their properties when exposed to different mouthrinses or water. Thus, they should be used with caution in areas that will stay exposed to the oral cavity.

Resinas Compuestas , Ensayo de Materiales , Solubilidad