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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672197

RESUMEN

Background: The objectives of this study were to describe the oral health status in the institutionalized geriatric population in an area of southern Italy and to identify the impact of oral health on the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). Methods: Data were collected from individuals aged ≥60 years in randomly selected Calabrian long-term care facilities. The dental health status was assessed recording the decayed, missing, or filled dental elements due to the carious lesions (DMFT) index, the presence of visible dental plaque, and the gingival condition. The influence of the dental health status on the self-perceived value of life was assessed using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Results: Among the 344 elderly individuals included, 18.4% reported frequent tooth-brushing, and only 39.9% reported the need of dental care. The DMFT index was 26.4. Less than a third of the participants had a GOHAI score of ≤50 which is suggestive of highly compromised OHRQoL. The GOHAI score was significantly better for elderly individuals with no self-perceived need of dental care and with a lower DMFT index. Conclusions: The burden of oral conditions among residents in long-term care facilities was considerable, with a high prevalence of missing teeth and dentures. Strategies targeting care providers are needed.

2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415379

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic immune-mediated disease that affects the oral cavity. Topical steroids are considered the treatment of choice for painful lesions of OLP. The aim of this split-mouth study was to compare the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injective therapies in patients with symptomatic OLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants with symptomatic OLP were recruited in the Academic Hospital of Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italy. Once a week for a month, patients randomly received a 0.5-mL TA injection in one buccal mucosa and 1-mL PRF injection in the opposite side. The measured outcomes were reduction of the lesions area and symptomatology modifications using visual analogue scale (VAS) score RESULTS: Four weeks after the last injections, an average reduction of 59.8% in the lesion extension and an average reduction of 47.6% in the VAS score for PRF-treated sites were observed; the same variation for TA-treated sites was respectively of 59.2% and 40%. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: PRF was effective in reducing OLP lesions extension and symptomatology, and it seems to be as effective as TA. Additional data should be collected with a larger sample size, at a longer follow-up and on the PRF lowest effective dose. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Current treatment options for OLP are limited. The study proved benefits of PRF injections in management of painful lesions of OLP comparable with TA.

3.
Int J Dent ; 2020: 8893423, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733566

RESUMEN

COVID-19, which appeared to originate in China in December 2019, has spread worldwide in a pandemic way. The aim of this work is to present a protocol to standardize the outpatient oral surgery activities through remote triage, diagnostic tests, protections, and precautions that allow to provide care while minimizing risk for both patients and surgeons. This article summarizes the clinical and surgical experience of the Oral Surgery Unit of the "Mater Domini" Hospital (Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italy) during the COVID-19 pandemic. The application of a scrupulous triage protocol, the use of remote consultations to limit patients' access to the clinic, and the correct use of PPE prevented transmission of the virus between patients and staff members.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Jul 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645756

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Autofluorescence is considered a useful technique in the early detection of oral mucosal alterations. However, its efficacy to discriminate tumor margins is still under debate. The purpose of this pilot study was to confirm the existence of molecular divergence from the center of a lesion compared to white light and autofluorescence (VELscopeTM ) visualized margins in leukoplakia and oral carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Molecular divergence from the center of the lesion to white light and VELscopeTM defined margins was compared in patients with leukoplakia (n = 3) and oral carcinoma (n = 4). Expression profiling of 45 selected genes was performed through custom-made TaqMan arrays. Gene Ontology was used for biological pathway analysis. RESULTS: Irrespective of pathology, the greatest molecular divergence existed between the center of the lesion and both white light and VELscopeTM margins. VELscopeTM and white light margins were also molecularly distinct in oral carcinoma samples. Indeed, the white light margin retained molecular abnormalities observed in the center of the lesion thus suggesting the existence of a "partially transformed" cell population. CONCLUSION: Despite the limited low number of patients, our data confirm the benefit of combining autofluorescence with conventional oral examination in identifying surgical margins during biopsy procedures for leukoplakia and oral carcinoma.

5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613433

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical efficacy of four different local hemostatics in patients taking oral antiplatelet therapy, after multiple dental extractions without discontinuing drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study sample included 102 patients (mean age 64.1 ± 17.4 years) in treatment with oral antiplatelet agents needing multiple dental extractions. After surgery, the sockets were randomly sealing with suture alone (control group), hemostatic plug (HEM), advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF+), and leukocyte-platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF). Primary outcomes were post-operative bleeding, wound healing index, and possible complications. Secondary outcomes were correlation between primary outcomes and patient's comorbidities and voluptuous habits. Descriptive statistics, bivariate comparisons, and logistic regression analysis were performed (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Both A-PRF+ and L-PRF showed a reduced bleeding risk when compared with suture alone (OR = 0.09, p = 0.001 for A-PRF+; OR = 0.09, p = 0.005 for L-PRF). Only L-PRF showed a reduced risk for incomplete wound healing when compared with the control site (OR = 0.43, p = 0.019). Patients affected by hypertension (OR 3.91, p = 0.015) and diabetes (OR 3.24, p = 0.026) had the highest bleeding risk. Smoking (OR 4.30, p = 0.016) and diabetes (OR 3.79, p = 0.007) interfered with healing process. CONCLUSION: L-PRF and A-PRF represent a valid alternative to the traditional hemostatics, reducing post-surgical bleeding and promoting wound healing. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In patients taking antiplatelet drugs, different local hemostatics are useful to control potential post-operative bleeding and to favor wound healing. However, comorbidities and voluptuous habits may increase bleeding risk, interfering with healing process.

6.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 24(4): 822-824, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542796

RESUMEN

The COVID-19, which appeared to originate in China in December 2019, has spread worldwide pandemically. In this commentary, authors described this new challenge for dental education using the recent literature and experience gained in the Italian University of Catanzaro.

7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414126

RESUMEN

The aim of this pilot study was to describe the advantages of telemedicine (TM) in dental practice during the current national emergency condition due to the Covid-19 dissemination. At Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology-Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, regional reference center for Covid-19-two groups of patients were determined: patients with urgent conditions (group U) and patients in follow-up (group F). Both groups were instructed to implement remote consultations using a messaging service (WhatsApp Messenger, WhatsApp Inc., Mountain View, California, USA) to send photos. A total of 418 photos were collected by 57 patients. Thirty-four photos were obtained by five patients in the U group after surgical procedures. All patients sent photos on the established evening, except for two patients who sent two photos outside the set days. In the F group, 384 photos were collected by 52 patients. None of them sent more photos than the number that was established by the protocol. Telemedicine allowed a monitoring of all patients, reducing costs and limiting human contact, decreasing the risk of Covid-19 dissemination.


Asunto(s)
Odontología Comunitaria , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Servicios de Salud Dental/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedades de la Boca/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Clínicas Odontológicas , Servicios de Salud Dental/organización & administración , Odontología , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Aplicaciones Móviles , Proyectos Piloto , Odontología en Salud Pública , Derivación y Consulta , Adulto Joven
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231082

RESUMEN

Peri-implant soft tissues play a role of paramount importance, not only on the esthetic appearance, but also on the maintenance and long-term stability of implants. The present report presents the conclusions from the Consensus Conference of the South European North African Middle Eastern Implantology & Modern Dentistry Association (SENAME) (4-6 November 2016, Cairo, Egypt). The conference focused on the topic of the soft tissue around dental implants, and in particular, on the influence of implant configurations on the marginal soft tissues, soft tissue alterations after immediate, early or delayed implant placement and immediate loading, the long-term outcomes of soft tissue stability around dental implants, and soft tissue augmentation around dental implants. Thirty world experts in this field were invited to take part in this two-day event; however, only 29 experts were in the final consensus voting process.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Mucosa Bucal , Consenso , Egipto , Humanos
9.
Dermatol Ther ; 33(3): e13334, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219975

RESUMEN

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) is an infectious complication of antiresorptive or antiangiogenic drug therapies. In severe stages of this disease cutaneous sinus tracts may be observed. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a second-generation platelet concentrate used in medicine and dentistry for to promote tissue healing. This report describes the management of facial cutaneous sinus tracts secondary to MRONJ with autologous PRF injections. Eight patients with the diagnosis MRONJ and facial sinus tracts were enrolled in this study and received treatment. MRONJ lesions underwent pharmacological and surgical treatment. Sinus tracts received 1-mL injections of PRF around the fistula using an insulin syringe once a week for four times starting from the day of the surgical treatment. After 4 weeks, six patients showed healing of the fistula and bone lesions, only one patient showed healing of the fistula, and no remission was reported in another one. All patients reported an improvement of the symptoms in the first 2 days after the treatment session. Patients were also satisfied from an aesthetic point of view. Further studies will be needed to determine if PRF is a valid therapeutic option in dermatology.

10.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 14(5): 701-713, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174023

RESUMEN

Diabetic patients display increased risk of periodontitis and failure in bone augmentation procedures. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represent a relevant advantage in tissue repair process and regenerative medicine. We isolated MSCs from Bichat's buccal fat pad (BFP) and measured the effects of glucose and PRP on cell number and osteogenic differentiation potential. Cells were cultured in the presence of 5.5-mM glucose (low glucose [LG]) or 25-mM glucose (high glucose [HG]). BFP-MSC number was significantly lower when cells were cultured in HG compared with those in LG. Following osteogenic differentiation procedures, calcium accumulation, alkaline phosphatase activity, and expression of osteogenic markers were significantly lower in HG compared with LG. Exposure of BFP-MSC to PRP significantly increased cell number and osteogenic differentiation potential, reaching comparable levels in LG and in HG. Thus, high-glucose concentrations impair BFP-MSC growth and osteogenic differentiation. However, these detrimental effects are largely counteracted by PRP.

11.
Dent J (Basel) ; 8(1)2020 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32098046

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this in vitro study was to analyse the primary stability of 20 implants placed with Twist drills (TD) versus 20 implants placed with Summers osteotomes (SO) and 20 implants placed with B&B bone compactors (BC) in medullary bone (quality type III and type IV). METHODS: The implants were placed in 10 fresh pig ribs fixed on a bench vice in order to avoid micro-movements during surgical procedures and measure recording. Peak insertion torque (PIT) and Peak removal torque (PRT) were recorded with MGT-12 digital torque gauge and ISQ was recorded through OSSTELL ISQ™ device by an independent operator. RESULTS: Comparing our data (Tukey test p = 0.05), it was evidenced a statistically significant difference in the PIT between TD and BC groups (p = 0.01). Analysing ISQ data, there was a statistically significant difference between the TD and BC groups (p = 0.0001) and between the SO and BC groups (p = 0.014). The analysis of PRT evidenced a statistically significant difference between the TD and BC groups (p = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: This study evidenced that bone compactor preparation can positively influence primary implant stability (PS), however further in vivo studies and a larger sample are necessary to assess the usefulness in several clinical settings.

12.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 48(3): 268-285, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063481

RESUMEN

The aim of this systematic review was to answer the question: Is the application of autologous platelet concentrates (APCs) effective in the prevention and treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)? A literature search of PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases (articles published until June 30, 2019) was conducted, in accordance with the PRISMA statement, using search terms related to "platelet concentrate" and "osteonecrosis". The Jadad scale was used to assess the quality of the articles. Fisher's exact test was used to evaluate eventual differences between groups. Of 594 articles, 43 were included in the review (8 for MRONJ prevention and 35 for MRONJ treatment). Out of a total of 1219 dental extractions recorded (786 with APCs), only 12 cases of MRONJ have been reported (1%), all in patients with a history of high-dose antiresorptive treatment, and regardless of the use of APCs (p = 0.7634). Regarding MRONJ treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in terms of improvement between APC application and surgical treatment alone (p = 0.0788). Results are not sufficient to establish the effectiveness of APCs in the prevention and treatment of MRONJ. Randomized controlled trials with large sample size are needed.


Asunto(s)
Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/prevención & control , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea/efectos adversos , Humanos
13.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(5): 813-818, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433526

RESUMEN

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a recurring complication resulting from the long-term therapy with bisphosphonates or antiresorptive drugs such as denosumab or antiangiogenic drugs. This paper describes a 5-years follow-up case of Stage 3 of MRONJ (AAOMS) in a 69-year-old patient treated with piezosurgery and topical application of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). Medical treatment included antibiotic therapy and a topical treatment with PRF in solid and liquid form. This treatment showed initially the reduction of pain and leakage exudate and a complete wound healing in 25 days. The Injectable-Platelet Rich Fibrin (i-PRF) injections led to a complete resolution of oro-cutaneous fistulas in 50 days showing its ability of releasing growth factors and chemotaxis agents involved in tissue repair mechanisms. Preparation simplicity and the low cost of PRF allow to consider this method as an excellent alternative treatment for the healing of tissues in MRONJ patients.


Asunto(s)
Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Anciano , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/tratamiento farmacológico , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/cirugía , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Cicatrización de Heridas
14.
Case Rep Dent ; 2019: 3956296, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885939

RESUMEN

The case that is reported here describes the replanting of a 1.1 from an ectopic position during orthodontic therapy. The 9-year-old patient suffered from class 2 type malocclusion with the upper maxilla contracted, right-left posterior cross-bite. The clinical case presented the following details: in the upper incisor group, the 1.1 was overlapping the 1.2 and was distalised and completely vestibularised, whilst in the place of the 1.1, a 1.1 supernumerary persisted in occlusion. Following several medical investigations, such as OPT and, most importantly, TC cone beam investigation, the dangerous position of the dental element became clear. This did not present vestibular cortical bone but only gingival mucosa. Following these investigations, the difficulty in bringing the dental element into its natural position through orthodontic treatment became obvious since the natural position was without sufficient bone support. From this, it became obvious that surgery and replanting of the 1.1 immediately after the extraction of the supernumerary 1.1 was the only choice available.

15.
Case Rep Dent ; 2019: 3154856, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781409

RESUMEN

Oral lichenoid reactions (OLR) can be caused by systemic drug exposure. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second report describing a case of OLR induced by rituximab administration in a patient with a diagnosis of non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma. After 5 doses of rituximab, a typical pattern of OLP was identified with bilateral and symmetrical lesions on the buccal mucosa and on the right lingual margin. This temporal relationship suggested a probable association between oral lesions and drug therapy. The clinical diagnosis of a rituximab-induced OLR was confirmed by an incisional biopsy reporting a histopathological result of lichenoid mucositis consistent with oral lichen planus. Because of the increasing use of rituximab, it is necessary to know and recognize this uncommon side effect.

16.
Ann Ital Chir ; 82019 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527308

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Modern cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) acquisition and three-dimensional (3D) image processing, combined with direct metal laser sintering (DMLS), allows custom-made, root-analogue implants (RAIs). PURPOSE: To demonstrate how DMLS permits customized titanium RAI production, with immediate insertion and restoration in a fresh extraction socket of the anterior maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A titanium RAI perfect copy of the radicular unit needed for replacement was created by customized DMLS, and inserted into a fresh extraction socket of the esthetic area of the anterior maxilla. RESULTS: Follow-up after 1 year: the DMLS RAI implant showed a satisfactory functional and esthetic integration, with no bone resorption or soft tissue recessions. CONCLUSIONS: The production of customized DMLS RAIs opens new interesting perspectives for immediate implantation. KEY WORDS: Direct metal laser sintering, Root analogue implant.


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/métodos , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental , Incisivo/lesiones , Metalurgia/métodos , Fracturas de los Dientes/cirugía , Raíz del Diente/lesiones , Diseño Asistido por Computadora/instrumentación , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/instrumentación , Estética , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional , Rayos Láser , Masculino , Maxilar , Metalurgia/instrumentación , Persona de Mediana Edad , Titanio
17.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(14)2019 Jul 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323844

RESUMEN

Nowadays, the research of smart materials is focusing on the allotropics, which have specific characteristics that are useful in several areas, including biomedical applications. In recent years, graphene has revealed interesting antibacterial and physical peculiarities, but it has also shown limitations. Black phosphorus has structural and biochemical properties that make it ideal for biomedical applications: 2D sheets of black phosphorus are called Black Phosphorene (BP), and it could replace graphene in the coming years. BP, similar to other 2D materials, can be used for colorimetric and fluorescent detectors, as well as for biosensing devices. BP also shows high in vivo biodegradability, producing non-toxic agents in the body. This characteristic is promising for pharmacological applications, as well as for scaffold and prosthetic coatings. BP shows low cytotoxicity, thus avoiding the induction of local inflammation or toxicity. As such, BP is a good candidate for different applications in the biomedical sector. Properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and biosafety are essential for use in medicine. In this review, we have exploited all such aspects, also comparing BP with other similar materials, such as the well-known graphene.

18.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(1): 77-87, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116189

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of tooth extractions in patients taking oral antithrombotic without reducing their dose. Four different interventions were compared within the same patient: suturing alone (control group), suturing plus a haemostatic plug, suturing plus advanced-platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF+) plug, and suturing plus leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) plug into the socket. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients, taking oral antiplatelet agents, requiring the extraction of at least four non-adjacent teeth were selected for the study. After extractions the sockets were randomly allocated to suturing alone (control group), suturing plus haemostatic plug (HAEM), suturing plus advanced-platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF+) plug, and suturing plus leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) plug into the socket without reducing the dose of oral antiplatelets according to a split-mouth design. Outcome measures were complications, time to complete each procedure, postoperative bleeding, costs of the materials, patient preference and a wound healing index recorded 1 and 2 weeks postextraction by blinded assessors. RESULTS: Two weeks after extraction no patient dropped out and no complication was reported. The average time to complete suturing after tooth extractions was: 1.0 ± 0.00 minutes at control sites, 1.5 ± 0.41 at HAEM sites, 2.8 ± 0.61 at A-PRF+ sites, and 2.8 ± 0.56 at L-PRF sites, the difference being statistically significant between each pairwise comparison except A-PRF+ vs L-PRF. Postoperative bleeding 30 minutes after extractions was present at 8, 5, 1 and 2 sites for control, HAEM, A-PRF+ and L-PRF sites, respectively. A-PRF showed statistically significantly less bleeding compared to the control group (odds ratio = 0.1 (95% CI [0.01;0.86]; P < 0.0361). In all cases bleeding was moderate in nature and not severe. One week after extractions the mean wound healing index was 1.05 ± 0.60 for control, 1.18 ± 0.59 for HAEM, 1.00 ± 0.68 for A-PRF+ and 0.95 ± 0.50 for L-PRF sites. No statistically significant difference was detected across groups (P = 0.633). Two weeks after extractions the mean wound healing index was 0.33 ± 0.53 for control, 0.43 ± 0.50 for HAEM, 0.25 ± 0.49 for A-PRF+ and 0.15 ± 0.36 for L-PRF sites. No statistically significant difference across groups was detected (P = 0.255). One week after extractions, nine patients preferred control sites, eight HAEM, ten A-PRF+, four L-PRF and nine had no preference. No statistically significant differences were detected for control sites (P = 0.6779), HAEM (P = 1.0000), A-PRF+ (P = 0.4055) and L-PRF (P = 0.1472). Two weeks after extractions five patients preferred control sites, three HAEM, eight A-PRF+, eight L-PRF and 16 had no preference. No statistically significant differences were detected for control sites (P = 0.8147), HAEM (P = 0.2363), A-PRF+ (P = 0.3488) and L-PRF (P = 0.3488). Costs without counting sutures and blood centrifuges were 0.00, 14.49, 2.44 and 2.44 Euro for control, HAEM, A-PRF+ and L-PRF sites, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: It may not be necessary to discontinue the use of oral antiplatelets in patients undergoing dental extractions and, when present, the minor statistically significant differences between procedures were not clinically relevant; therefore clinicians can use any of the tested interventions according to their preference, keeping in mind that simple suturing is sufficient and is faster and cheaper, and that A-PRF+ was associated with less postoperative bleeding when compared to suturing alone.


Asunto(s)
Hemostáticos , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Humanos , Leucocitos , Suturas , Extracción Dental
19.
Case Rep Dent ; 2019: 2498353, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937194

RESUMEN

Angioleiomyoma (AL) is an uncommon benign soft tissue neoplasia arising from the tunica media of the smooth muscle cells. AL appears as a solitary and slow-growing mass and seldom is observed in oral tissues. We reported a rare case of AL involving the cheek of a 17-year-old young woman. A review of the English-language literature was performed entering the keywords "angioleiomyoma" and "oral" in the search fields of PubMed. 70 results were identified. Excluded were cases that were not in the oral cavity or not compatible with the AL diagnosis or report lacking immunohistochemical analysis. According to the exclusion criteria, we selected 30 studies that included 63 cases of AL. The results of the review showed an average age of 42.97 years with a prevalence between the fourth and fifth decade of life with a male-to-female ratio of 1.95 : 1. The most affected sites were palate, buccal mucosa of the cheek, lip, tongue, and gingiva. Surgical excision was the treatment of choice, and diagnosis was possible through histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis. SMA, vimentin, CD34, desmin, and S-100 were the most common markers to guide the histopathological diagnosis of oral AL. In conclusion, oral AL is a rare entity, especially in adolescence as in the reported case of AL of the cheek in a 17-year-old woman. The clinical aspects of AL did not allow clinicians to make a correct presumptive diagnosis. A scrupulous histopathological analysis and immunohistochemical examinations are fundamental to differentiate AL from other lesions.

20.
Odontology ; 107(3): 301-307, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30483996

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of environmental temperature, heat-treatment*** and design on the cyclic fatigue resistance of OneShape (OS), OneShape new generation (OSNG) and One Curve (OC) NiTi rotary single-file instruments. Cyclic fatigue testing of NiTi instruments was performed in an artificial canal with a 5-mm radius of curvature and a 60° angle of curvature located 5 mm from the tip of the instrument. During the experiment 3 different temperatures were used in a thermostatic bath with electronic and infrared controls: 0°, 20° and 35 °C. Sixty OneShape, 60 OneShape new generation and 60 One Curve instruments were rotated in the artificial canal until fracture occurred and the number of cycles to fracture (NCF) and the length of the fractured fragment (FL) was recorded. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA test at the 5% significance level. Fatigue resistance was significantly higher as the environmental temperature decreased, with differences ranging from 61 to 791%. OC instruments were significantly more resistant to cyclic fatigue than OS and OSNG instruments at all the temperatures tested (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference with respect to the length of the fractured file fragments for all the instruments tested at all the temperatures tested (P > 0.05). Within the limitation of the present study, fatigue resistance of the files was significantly increased when the environmental temperature decreased. OC instruments were significantly more resistant to cyclic fatigue than OS and OSNG instruments at all the temperatures tested.


Asunto(s)
Níquel , Titanio , Aleaciones Dentales , Instrumentos Dentales , Diseño de Equipo , Falla de Equipo , Calor , Ensayo de Materiales , Preparación del Conducto Radicular , Temperatura
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